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English To lojban and lojban To English Dictionary
Lojbanic Community
September 24, 2011
12Chapter 1
lojban to English
a’acu’i [UI*1] attitudinal: attentive - inattentive
- avoiding.
a’anai [UI*1] attitudinal: attentive - inattentive
- avoiding.
a’a [UI1] attitudinal: attentive - inattentive -
avoiding. (See also jundi, rivbi.)
a’enai [UI*1] attitudinal: alertness - exhaustion.
a’e [UI1] attitudinal: alertness - exhaustion.
(See also sanji, cikna, tatpi.)
a’icu’i [UI*1] attitudinal: effort - no special effort - repose.
a’inai [UI*1] attitudinal: effort - no special effort
- repose.
a’i [UI1] attitudinal: effort - no special effort -
repose. (See also gunka, slunandu, guksurla, troci,
a’onai [UI*1] attitudinal: hope - despair.
a’orne x1 is maple of species/variety x2. (syn.
ricrxacero; see also na’itsi)
a’o [UI1] attitudinal: hope - despair. (See also
a’ucu’i [UI*1] attitudinal: interest - disinterest -
a’unai [UI*1] attitudinal: interest - disinterest -
a’u [UI1] attitudinal: interest - disinterest - repulsion. (See also cinri, selcni.)
abniena x1 is Guaran´ı in aspect x2. (see also
abu [BY*] letteral for a.
agbakate x1 is an avocado (fruit or tree) of
species/variety x2.
aicu’i [UI*1] attitudinal: intent - indecision - rejection/refusal.
aierne x1 Armenian in aspect x2 (See also
kafkaso, kartuli.)
ainai [UI*1] attitudinal: intent - indecision - rejection/refusal.
aizdo x1 is woad of species/variety x2.
ai [UI1] attitudinal: intent - indecision - rejection/refusal. (See also termu’i, terzu’e, seljdi,
akmela x1 is a toothache
plant/spotflower/paracress of species/variety x2.
aksiptrina x1 is a hawk of species/type x2 (Subfamily Acciptrinae)
alba’aka x1 is basil of species/variety x2. (syn.
alfabeta x1 is an alphabet used to write x2.
(see also selyle’u, fu’arka, anbani, abgida, abjadu,
alminiu x1 is a quantity of/contains/is made of
aluminium. (Cf. jinme.)
altamru x1 is a date (fruit or tree) of
species/variety x2.
alzaitu x1 is an olive of species/variety x2.
amgidala x1 is an amygdala in organism x2,
with function x3. (As a part of the limbic system (menbenci’e, besrlimbo), it performs a primary role in the processing and memory of emotional reactions. Cf. besna.)
ampigravle x1 is celery. (Cf. spatrxapio, stagi,
amsake x1 is made of/contains/is an amount
of amazake from x2 (By komfo,amonan)
amtisti x1 is a quantity of/contains/is made of
amethyst from source x2. (Cf. jadni, jemna, krili,
amxari x1 is Amharic in aspect x2. (cf. gurnrtefi)
andiroba x1 is carap of species/variety x2.
angeli x1 is an angel.
3ba’e backla
angila x1 is an eel of species x2. (syn. sincykaifi’e)
anji x1 is a Chinese hanzi / Japanese kanji (logogram) with meaning x2 and radical x3. (Cf.
anmonia x1 is a quantity of / contains / is made
of ammonia. (Cf. trano.)
ansoptera x1 is a dragonfly of species x2. (Cf.
laxsfani, zgoptera, odnata, sfani, cinki.)
antilope x1 is an antelope of species x2. (Cf. bajbakni, mirli, dorkada.)
arktik Arctic Ocean.
armoraki x1 es un rabano de la variedad ´ x2.
arnika x1 is a quantity of arnica/wolfsbane of
species/strain x2
arxokuna x1 is a raccoon of species x2 (syn.
prokioni, lumge’u)
asycy’i’is ASCII.
atinas Athens
atkuila x1 is an eagle of species/breed x2. (Cf.
aucu’i [UI*1] attitudinal: desire - indifference -
aufklerunge x1 (process/concept) is enlightenment in the sense of philosophy x2
aunai [UI*1] attitudinal: desire - indifference -
auskalerik Basque country.
au [UI1] attitudinal: desire - indifference - reluctance. (See also djica.)
avgusto x1 is August in year x2 on calendar x3
axlte x1 is an axolotl of species/breed x2
a [A] logical connective: sumti afterthought or.
ba’acu’i [UI*2] evidential: I expect - I experience - I remember.
ba’anai [UI*2] evidential: I expect - I experience
- I remember.
ba’argau x1 = g1 (agent) marks x3 = b2 with
mark(s) x2 = b1 of material x4 = b3. (Cf. barna,
gasnu, tcita, pandi)
ba’armo’a m1 is a pattern of marks m2 = b1 arranged according to structure m3 on x4 = b2 of
material x5 = b3. (Cf. taxfu, jadni, bitmu, bimxra.)
ba’a [UI2] evidential: I expect - I experience - I
remember. (See also bavykri, lifri, morji.)
4 ba’ei [BAhEI] forethought emphasis indicator; indicates next WORD only, even if that word
is a construct-indicating cmavo (According to CLL
19.11, regular ba’e doesnt always emphasize just
one word. If it is placed in front of a construct (e.g.
la), it emphasizes the entire construct. ba’ei was
designed especially for these cases.)
ba’e [BAhE] forethought emphasis indicator;
indicates next word is especially emphasized.
ba’i [BAI] basti modal, 1st place replaced by ...
4 ba’oi [ROI] Converts PA into tense; in [number (usually nonspecific)] possible futures where
[sumti (du’u)] is true (Possible futures, given the
actual past and present; what might happen. Cf.
ba’orzu’e z1 grows b1 for purpose/goal z3 to
size/form b2 from b3. (Cf. tsiju, spati, cange.)
ba’ostu x1 is a nursery where x2 grows to
size/form x3 from x4. (Cf. ba’orzu’e, cange, spati,
ba’o [ZAhO] interval event contour: in the aftermath of ...; since ...; perfective ― ――-.
ba’ucu’i [UI*3] discursive: exaggeration - accuracy - understatement.
ba’unai [UI*3] discursive: exaggeration - accuracy - understatement.
ba’urdu’u d1 whines/bitches about d2 by uttering b2. (Cf. fengu, krixa, klaku.)
ba’urnoi n1 = b2 is a spoken/uttered message
about subject n2 uttered by n3 = b1 to intended
audience n4.
ba’urtadji t1 is b1’s pronunciation of utterance
b2 under conditions t3.
ba’usku x1 (agent) says x2 (sedu’u/text/lu’e
concept) for audience x3 through expressive
medium x4. (Unlike cusku, which can refer to
other forms of expression, ba’usku refers only to
Cf. tavla.)
ba’usle s1 (phone/speech sounds) is a segment
of utterance/speech stream s2 = b2. (Cf. tavla,
ba’u [UI3] discursive: exaggeration - accuracy -
understatement. (See also satci, dukse.)
baba [PU*] time tense: will be going to;
babilon Babylon.
baca’a [PU*] time tense: future actuality;
modal aspect.
baca’o [ZAhO*] time tense: will be then;
backemselrerkru k1 is a hyperbola in k2 at k3
defined by set of points/properties k4.
backla b1=k1 goes beyond destination b2=k2
from origin k3 via route k4 using means/vehicle
4bajriga bakskapi
k5. (Cf. dukse, kuspe, fa’a.)
bacru [ba’u] x1 utters verbally/says/phonates/speaks [vocally makes
sound] x2. (Also voices; does not necessarily
imply communication or audience; (’says’ is
usually cusku). See also krixa, cusku, casnu, tavla,
voksa, pinka.)
bacycripu c1 is a bridge to the beyond across c2
between c3 = b3 and c4 = b1. (Poetic coining.)
bacyde’i d1 = b1 is a tusk of d2 protruding beyond the mouth b3 by amount b4
badbi’u bi1 = ba1 is a rampart/[protective wall]
protecting bi4 = ba2 from threat/peril/potential
ba3 (event). (Cf. bandu, bitmu, badydi’u.)
badgai g1 is a protective cover for b2 = g2
against g3. (From bandu gacri; Cf. santa, calku,
xacysanta, dabycalku.)
badgau g1 causes event b1 which defends/protects b2 (object/state) from
threat/peril/potential b3 (event). (Made from
bandu + gasnu.)
badjamblo bl1 = ba1 is a frigate/corvette of
type/carrying bl2, propelled by bl3. (Cf. bandu,
jamna, bloti, ni’ablo, brabrajamblo,brajamblo,
cmajamblo, vijblo.)
badna x1 is a banana/plantain [fruit/plant] of
species/breed x2. (See also grute.)
badri [dri] x1 is
sad/depressed/dejected/[unhappy/feels sorrow/grief] about x2 (abstraction). (See also klaku,
gleki, betri, cinmo, junri.)
badvinji v1 is a fighter aircraft of type/for carrying v2, propelled by v3. (Cf. bandu, vinji, jamvinji,
bamvinji, jamvijgri.)
badydi’u x1 is a defensive building (castle,
fortress etc.) for protection of x2 from x3 (enemies,
danger). (Cf. nolzda, damba, badbi’u.)
bagyce’a c1 = b1 is a bow that shoots arrow
c2 from string c3, and is made of material b3. (Cf.
bargu, cecla, celga’a, xarci.)
bai [BAI] bapli modal, 1st place (forced by)
forcedly; compelled by force ...
bajbakni x1 is an antelope (any of various
bovids) of species x2. (Cf. antilope, mirli, friko,
mabru, cinfo.)
bajli’a b1 = c1 runs away from c2 via route c3 on
surface b2 using limbs b3 with gait b4. (Cf. darbajra.)
bajra [baj] x1 runs on surface x2 using limbs
x3 with gait x4. (See also cadzu, klama, litru, stapa,
plipe, cpare.)
bajriga x1 is a budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) of breed x2 (Cf. melpsita, cipni.)
bajyjvi b1=j1 races against j2 in race j3 for prize
j4 on track b2 with legs b3 and gait b4. (Cf. xadyplijvi, bajykla.)
bajykla k1 = b1 runs to destination k2 from origin k3 via route k4 using limbs b3 with gait b4. (Cf.
bajypipre’ojvi j1 = b1 = p1 = r1 compete(s) in
a track and field athletics match against j2 in competition j3 for prize/title j4. (From bajra, plipe,
renro, jivna. Cf. bajypipre’oterjvi.)
bajypipre’oterjvi j3 is a track and field athletics
match with j1 = b1 = p1 = r1 competing against j2
for prize/title j4. (From bajra, plipe, renro, jivna.
Cf. bajypipre’ojvi.)
bajystu s1 = b2 is a running track. (Cf. bajyjvi.)
bakcange x1 is a cattle ranch at x2 where farmer
x3 raises cattle x4. (Cf. ba’ostu.)
bakcatra x1 kills bull/cow x2 by method x3.
bakfu [baf] x1 is a bundle/package/cluster/clump/pack [shape/form]
containing x2, held together by x3. (See also daski,
dakli, tanxe.)
baklanme l1 is a musk ox of breed l2 belonging
to herd l3.
bakma’i x1 is May of year x2 in calendar x3. (Cf.
mumymasti, kanbyma’i, nanca.)
baknis x1 is Taurus [constellation/astrological sign]. (From bakni
(=cow/cattle/kine/ox/[bull/steer/calf]; lojban);
Taurus (=bull, bullock, steer; latin).)
bakni [bak] x1 is a
cow/cattle/kine/ox/[bull/steer/calf] [beefproducer/bovine] of species/breed x2. (See also
bakplixa p1 plows p2 with tool p3 propelled by
oxen/cattle of species/breed b2. (Cf. bakykakpa,
bakre’u r1 is beef/bovine meat from
species/breed r2 = b2.
bakrecpa’o p1 = r1 is beefsteak.
bakri x1 is a quantity of/contains/is made of
chalk from source x2 in form x3. (See also pinsi,
blabi, jilka.)
bakrycedra x1 is the Cretaceous Era.
bakryta’o t1 is a chalkboard. (Cf. ckule.)
bakskapi s1 is hide/leather of/from bovine
s2 = b2, of species b2.
5balsoi bangaru’a
baktu x1 is a bucket/pail/can/deep, solid,
wide-topped container of contents x2, made of
material x3. (See also botpi, patxu, tansi, lante,
baktydekpu d1 is d2 bucketfull(s) of contents b2.
(Cf. litce.)
baktylai k1 is k2 (quantifier, default: one) bucketfuls in quantity. (Cf. baktu, klani.)
bakyjanbe j1 is a cowbell producing
sound/note j2.
bakyjba x1 is a cowberry/lingonberry/blueberry/cranberry of
species/variety x2.
bakykakpa x1 plows, removing x2 from x3 using tool x4 and oxen x5. (Cf. bakplixa, cange, foldi,
balcu’e c1 is a university at c2 teaching subject(s) c3 to audience/community c4 operated by
c5. (Cf. ma’urcu’e, balkulctu, ctufau, tadni, saske,
baldakyxa’i xa1 is a great sword for use against
xa2 by x3. (Cf. cladakyxa’i.)
balgu’e g1 = b1 is an empire of peoples g2 with
land/territory g3. (Cf. banli, gugde, suzgugje’a.)
baljamna j1 fights a great war against j2 over
territory/matter j3.
balji x1 is a bulb [body-part] of plant/species
x2; [metaphor: rounded, bulgy]. (See also punli,
baljypau x1 is a clove of bulb x2 of
plant/species x3. (see also sunga, kriofla)
balku’a k1 is a Hall in structure k2 surrounded
by partitions/walls/ceiling/floor k3 (mass/jo’u).
(Cf. nolzda, badydi’u.)
balkulctu x1 is a professor teaching audience x2
ideas/methods/lore x3 (du’u) about subject(s) x4
by method x5 (event). (Cf. balcu’e, balkultadni.)
balni x1 is a balcony/overhang/ledge/shelf of
building/structure x2. (See also kajna.)
balnkpi x1 is a shoebill/whalehead (Balaenicipitidae) of genus/species x2. (Cf. cipni.)
balnoltru t1 = n1 = b1 is the emperor/empress/kaiser/tsar of peoples/territories
t2. (Cf. banli, nobli, turni, nolraitru, nolkansa,
nolse’u, gugja’a, truralju.)
balre [ba’e] x1 is a blade of tool/weapon x2.
(See also dakfu, tunta, tutci, guska, kinli, katna.)
balsai s1 = b1 is a banquet/feast including
dishes s2, elaborate by standard b3. (Cf. banli,
sanmi, vacysai, tersla, pixsla, ctisla, nuncti.)
balsoi s1 = b1 is a great soldier of army s2 great
in property b2 (ka) by standard b3. (Cf. jamna.)
baltutra t1 = b1 is a realm belonging
to/controlled by t2, great in property b2 (ka) by
standard b3. (Cf. noltru.)
balvi [bav] x1 is in the future of/later
than/after x2 in time sequence; x1 is latter; x2 is
former. (Also sequel, succeed, successor, follow,
come(s) after; time ordering only (use lidne otherwise); aorist in that x1 may overlap in time with x2
as long as it extends afterwards; non-aorist future
(= cfabalvi); (default x2 is the space time reference,
whereupon:) x1 will occur. See also lidne, cabna,
purci, farna.)
balzgibe’e ba1 = be1 is an orchestra, consisting
of performers be2, and conducted by be3, performing music z1 = be4. (Cf. cibjgataidamri, bikydamri, jgita.)
4 bambu x1 is a bamboo (Bambuseae) of
genus/species x2. (Cf. spati, tricu.)
bamvinji v1 is a bomber carrying bomb v2 = j1
with explosive material/principle j2, aircraft propelled by v3. (Cf. jbama, vinji, jamvinji, badvinji,
banbu’enu x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”ben” (Bengali). (Cf. begbau.)
bancumunu x1 is the language with ISO 639-
3 code ”cmn” (Mandarin Chinese). (Cf. jugbau,
banve’u’u, banje’u’e.)
bancu [bac] x1 exceeds/is beyond
limit/boundary x2 from x3 in property/amount
x4 (ka/ni). (On the other side of a bound, but
not necessarily directly ’across’ nor at the shortest
plausible distance (per ragve); also not limited to
position in space. See also dukse, ragve, zmadu,
bandu’e’u x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”deu” (German). (Cf. dotybau, baurgusuve.)
bandu [bad] x1 (event) defends/protects
x2 (object/state) from threat/peril/potential x3
(event). (Also secures (verb); x1 wards/resists
x3; protective cover/shield (= badgai). See also
ckape, fanta, fapro, marbi, rivbi, zunti, snura,
binra, lunbe, pulji.)
banfi x1 is an amphibian of species/breed x2.
(See also danlu, respa.)
banfuru’a x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”fra” (French). (Cf. fasybau.)
bangaru’a x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”ara” (Arabic). (Cf. rabybau, bangarubu,
6bangurudu banru’usu
bangarubu x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”arb” (Standard Arabic). (Cf. rabybau, bangaru’a, djobau.)
bangenugu x1 is the language with ISO 639-
3 code ”eng” (English). (Cf. bangenugu,
gliglibau, merbau, xinglibau, kadnyglibau, sralybau, kisyglibau, nanfi’oglibau, bangrnaidjiria.)
bangepu’o x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”epo” (Esperanto). (Cf. esperanton, spranto.)
banginudu x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”ind” (Indonesian). (Cf. bidbau.)
bangitu’a x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”ita” (Italian). (Cf. bangrtalia.)
bangrfarsi x1 is the Farsi language used by x2 to
express/communicate x3 (si’o/du’u, not quote).
(c.f. bangrxirana)
bangrnaidjiria x1 is the Nigerian English language used by x2 to express/communicate x3
(si’o/du’u, not quote). (Cf. glibau, bangenugu.)
bangrpolska x1 is the Polish language used
by x2 to express/communicate x3 (si’o/du’u, not
quote). (Cf. banpu’olu, gugdrpolska, gugdepulu,
po’olska, slovo.)
bangrtalia x1 is the Italian language used by
x2 to express/communicate x3 (si’o/du’u, not
quote). (Cf. italian, bangu, bangitu’a.)
bangrtcosena x1 is the Korean language of
North Korea used by x2 to express/communicate
x3 (si’o/du’u, not quote). (Cf. bangrgogurio, bangrxanguke, xangulu, banku’oru.)
bangrturkie x1 is the Turkish language used
by x2 to express/communicate x3 (si’o/du’u, not
quote). (Cf. kulnrturkie, kulnrturko, tu’urki.)
bangrvietnama x1 is the Vietnamese language
used by x2 to express/communicate x3 (si’o/du’u,
not quote). (Cf. xazdo, bangu.)
bangrxanguke x1 is the Korean language of
South Korea used by x2 to express/communicate
x3 (si’o/du’u, not quote). (Cf. bangrgogurio, bangrtcosena, xangulu, banku’oru.)
bangrxangu x1 is the Korean language used
by x2 to express/communicate x3 (si’o/du’u, not
quote). (Cf. bangu, bangrgogurio, gugdrgogurio,
bangrxirana x1 is the Iranian Farsi language
used by x2 to express/communicate x3 (si’o/du’u,
not quote). (Cf. bangrfarsi.)
bangukuru x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”ukr” (Ukrainian). (Cf. vurbau.)
bangurudu x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”urd” (Urdu). (Cf. xurbau.)
bangu [ban bau] x1 is a/the language/dialect used by x2 to express/communicate x3 (si’o/du’u, not quote).
(Also tongue. See also tance, cusku, ve tavla, valsi,
gerna, jufra, natmi, slaka.)
banje’u’e x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”yue” (Yue Chinese). (Cf. jugbau, bancumunu.)
banjikske s1 is sociolinguistics based on
methodology s2.
banjubu’o x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”jbo” (Lojban). (Cf. lojban.)
banjupunu x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”jpn” (Japanese). (Cf. ponbau.)
banku’anu x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”kan” (Kannada).
banku’oru x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”kor” (Korean). (Cf. bangrgogurio, bangrxangu, bangrxanguke, bangrtcosena, xangulu.)
banli [bal ba’i] x1 is great/grand in property x2 (ka) by standard x3. (Indicates a subjective
greatness, as compared to the objective standard
implied for barda; (synonyms, possibly requiring
tanru:) extraordinary, illustrious, magnificent, impressive, awesome, grandiose, august, inspiring,
special, majestic, distinguished, eminent, splendor, stately, imposing (all generally zabna); terrible (mabla). See also barda, nobli, se sinma, pluja,
misno, vajni, fasnu, cizra, traji, mutce, se manci.)
banmenske s1 is psycholinguistics based on
methodology s2. (Cf. banjikske, banpliske.)
banpliske s1 is pragmatics based on methodology s2. (The science of how language interacts
with the world. Cf. banjikske, banmenske.)
banpu’olu x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”pol” (Polish). (Cf. bangrpolska.)
banpu’oru x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”por” (Portuguese). (Cf. razbau, potybau.)
banra’a s1 pertains to language of s2 = b2
(Cultural gismu replacement lujvo for languages:
From gismu bangu and srana)
banro [ba’o] x1 grows/expands [an increasing development] to size/into form x2 from
x3. (Also rising, developing; x1 gets bigger/enlarges/increases. See also farvi, zenba,
jmina, barda, makcu, ferti.)
banru’usu x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”rus” (Russian). (Cf. rukybau.)
7barja basna
banskepre p1 is a linguist (scientist). (Cf. banjikske, banmenske, banpliske.)
bansupu’a x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”spa” (Spanish). (Cf. sanbau, getybau.)
bantadni t1 studies language t2 = b1 used by b2.
(Cf. banpliske.)
banve’u’u x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”wuu” (Wu Chinese). (Cf. jugbau, bancumunu.)
banxa [bax] x1 is a bank owned by/in banking system x2 for banking function(s) x3 (event).
(See also sorcu, zarci, canja, kagni.)
banxe’inu x1 is the language with ISO 639-3
code ”hin” (Hindi). (Cf. xinbau.)
banzgu Exact meaning uncertain, probably
something like b1 is a language-rose. (Used as a
title of one of Michael Helsem’s poems in his book
“luryri’e” (Moon River).)
banzu [baz] x1 (object) suffices/is
enough/sufficient for purpose x2 under conditions x3. (See also dukse, claxu, nitcu, ricfu,
baple’i p1 pays bribe p2 to p3 for favor/services
p4 = b2. (Not necessarily with a negative connotation.)
bapli [bap bai] x1 [force] (ka)
forces/compels event x2 to occur; x1 determines property x2 to manifest. (Also constrains;
requires success, unlike the physics term (better
expressed by danre). See also fanta, rinju, jimte,
jitro, rinka, krinu, zukte, randa, danre, cmavo list
bai, marxa, tinsa, xarnu.)
bapu [PU*] time tense: will have been;
barbei x1 exports x2 to x3 from x4 via x5.
barcreka c1 = b1 is a jacket of material c2. (Worn
on the upper body outside a shirt or blouse, often
waist length to thigh length. Cf. creka.)
barda [bra] x1 is big/large in property/dimension(s) x2 (ka) as compared with
standard/norm x3. (See also banli, clani, ganra,
condi, plana, cmalu, rotsu, banro, xanto.)
barfa’e f1 is inside-out, with part(s) b1 currently
on the outside.
barfle x1 is a stream of x2 flowing out of x3.
bargu [bag] x1 arches/curves over/around
x2 and is made of x3; x1 is an arch over/around
x2 of material x3. (Also arc; x2 need not be an object, but may be a point or volume. See also cripu,
kruvi, korcu, condi.)
barja x1 is a tavern/bar/pub serving x2 to audience/patrons x3. (See also gusta, birje, jikru,
sanmi, vanju, xotli, ckafi, se pinxe.)
barjygu’a g1 is a bartender at bar b1, serving b2
to audience/patrons b3. (Cf. barjyse’u.)
barjyja’a j1 is a bar/cafe manager/owner of ´
bar/cafe´ j2 = b1. (Cf. barjyse’u, barjygu’a.)
barjyse’u s1 is a bartender at bar b1, serving
b2 to audience/patrons b3 = s2. (Cf. barjygu’a,
barkalri x1 is an exit/outlet/way out of x2 for
x3. (Cf. li’avro.)
barkalyle’o l1 = b1 is a monocle/pair of
(eye)glasses/spectacles allowing the clear sight of
l2 (light) by k2 (wearer). (Cf. lenjo, kanla, bartu,
le’otci, vistci.)
barklagau g1 ejects k1 from b2 = k3 via k4 using
means k5. (Cf. bartu, klama, gasnu.)
barkla x1 = k1 exits/goes out/outside from
x2 = k2 = b1 with route x3 = k3 with transportation method x4. (Omitted: x5 = klama2 (destination) = bartu1 (something external). Cf. bartu,
klama, zevykla.)
barku’e x1 projects/extends out of x2. (Cf.
bartu, kuspe.)
barli’a x1 = c1 leaves/exits/goes outside of
x2 = c2 = b2 via route x3 = c3. (Cf. barkla.)
barna [ba’a] x1(s) is a/are mark(s)/spot(s)
on x2 of material x3. (ba’armo’a for a pattern of
marks. See also sinxa, pixra, se ciska, se prina.)
barselonas Barcelona
barterzga x1 is a sense organ used to observe x2
which is outside the observer x3 under conditions
bartu [bar] x1 is on the outside of x2; x1 is
exterior to x2. (See also jibni, nenri, sruri, lamji,
korbi, calku, vasru.)
4 basfa x1 is an omnibus for carrying x2 in
medium x3 propelled by x4. (Cf. sorprekarce;
pavloibasfa for single-decker, relyloibasfa for
double-decker jonbasfa for articulated, clajonbasfa
for bi-articulated, dizbasfa for low-floor, drucaubasfa for open top, kumbasfa for coach, dicybasfa for trolleybus.)
basme’e b1 = c1 is a pseudonym of c2 to/usedby namer/name-user c3 (person). (Cf. cmebasti.)
basna x1 emphasizes/accentuates/gives emphasis/stress/accent to x2 by (action) x3. (Also:
say forcefully. See also pandi.)
8bavla’i be’unai
basti [bas] x1 replaces/substitutes
for/instead of x2 in circumstance x3; x1 is a
replacement/substitute. (Also: x1 trades places
with x2. See also cmavo list ba’i, binra.)
basygau g1 (agent) replaces/substitutes b1
for/instead of b2 in circumstance b3.
basysi’u x1 replace/trade places with one another in circumstance x2. (Cf. basti, simxu.)
basyvla v1 = b1 is an anaphora/pronoun/proword in language v2 replacing word b2 under conditions b3.
batci [bat] x1 bites/pinches x2 on/at specific
locus x3 with x4. (Bite through (= ka’arbatci, batygre); pinch (= cinzybatci). See also denci, jgalu,
guska, citka.)
batfendi b1 = f1 (agent) bites apart b2 = f2 into
sections/partitions f3 with bite locus b3.
batke x1 is a button/knob/[handle] on/for item
x2, with purpose x3, made of material x4. (See also
jadni, balji, punji, jgari, lasna.)
batkyci’a c1 writes c2 on medium c3 with keyboard c4. (Cf. lercu’aca’a.)
batkyke’a k1 is a buttonhole in k2 = b2 for button b1.
batmai m1 = b1 is chewing gum of
type/composition m2 in shape/form m3. (Cf.
batci, marji.)
baucmu c1 is the basis of language c2 = b1 used
by b2 to express/communicate b3 (si’o/du’u, not
baucre c1 is a language expert of language c2 =
b1. (Cf. sorbaucre.)
baukle k1 is a language
type/category/subgroup/subset (linguistic
taxon) within languages b1 = k2, with typological
features k3.
baupli x1 uses language x2 for purpose x3. (Cf.
bangu, pilno.)
baurgusuve x1 is the language with ISO 639-
3 code ”gsw” (Swiss German). (Cf. dotybau,
bauske s1 is linguistics based on methodology
s2. (Cf. banpliske, banjikske, banmenske.)
bauspi s1 is a split piece of language b1 = s2.
(Poetic compound.)
bau [BAI] bangu modal, 1st place in language
bavgaupei g1 = p1 thinks
about/considers/ponders/reflects upon doing b1 = g2 = p2 (nu) after b2 (nu) (I found that
there was no good, single word for ”thinking
about doing ... after ...”. (See balvi, gasnu, and
bavla’i b1 = l1 is next after b2 = l2 in sequence
l3. (Cf. prula’i.)
bavlamcte n1 = l1 = b1 is the night after b2 = l2
at location n3. (Cf. nicte, prulamcte, bavlamdei.)
bavlamdei d1 = b1 = l1 is tomorrow; d1 = b1 =
l1 is the day following b2 = l2, day standard d3.
(Cf. prulamdei, bavlamcte.)
bavlamjeftu j1 = b1 is the week after b2 by standard j3.
bavlamke’u x1 is the next/following time that
x2 happens. (Cf. balvi, lamji, krefu, bavlamdei.)
bavlamvanci x1 is the evening of the next day
x2 at location x3.
bavmi x1 is a quantity of barley [grain] of
species/strain x2. (See also gurni.)
bavyfarvi f1 ages / passes through time into future form f2 = b1 from current / past / earlier
form f3 = b2 through stages f4. (Made from balvi
+ farvi. Cf. citno, nilnalci’o.)
bavykri x1 expects/anticipates x2 to happen.
(Cf. balvi, krici, ba’a.)
bavypunji p1 delays p2 until after b2. (Cf. balvi,
punji, prupu’i.)
bavyspe s1 is the fiance(e)/betrothed of ´ s2
under law/custom/tradition/system/convention
s3. (Cf. pruspe.)
baxso x1 reflects Malay-Indonesian common
language/culture in aspect x2. (See also meljo,
ba [PU] time tense relation/direction: will [selbri]; after [sumti]; default future tense.
be’aspe x1 is a daughter-in-law (son’s wife) of
x2 according to law/custom x3. (Cf. ti’uspe, spemamta, spepa’u, me’ispe, bunspe.)
be’a [FAhA1] location tense relation/direction;
north of.
be’e [COI] vocative: request to send/speak.
be’i [BAI] benji modal, 1st place (sender) sent
by ...
be’o [BEhO] elidable terminator: end linked
sumti in specified description.
be’ucu’i [UI*5] attitudinal modifier: lack/need
- presence/satisfaction - satiation.
be’udzu c1 = b2 crawls on c2.
be’unai [UI*5] attitudinal modifier: lack/need
- presence/satisfaction - satiation.
9bemboiterjvi bernanjudri
be’u [UI5] attitudinal modifier: lack/need -
presence/satisfaction - satiation. (See also claxu,
nitcu, mansa.)
bebgei g1 is giddy about g2.
bebna [beb] x1 is foolish/silly in
event/action/property [folly] (ka) x2; x1 is a
boob. (See also fenki, xajmi, prije, fliba.)
bebzunpre b1 = z1 = p1 is a troll on z2 with
inflammatory message z3. (x2 is usually an internet bulletin board or newsgroup. Cf. zunti, prenu,
befcaucreka cr1 = cl1 = b2 is a crop top tshirt / blouse of material cr2. (The lower portion is cut off, resulting in the exposure of some of
the wearer’s abdomen. Suggested shortest fu’ivla
form: efcrka. Cf. creka.)
befcro x1 has a bellyache.
befkafke k1 = b2 burps.
befke’a k1 is the abdominal cavity of k2.
befru’e p1 is the digestion of p2 with output p3
passing through stage p4 of person/animal/plant
b2. (Cf. djaruntygau, djaruntyrango, citka, tunlo,
befsfeke’a k1 is the navel of k2. (Cf. befyba’a,
befsri d1 is a belt of material d2.
befti’e t1 is the lower back [body-part] of b2.
befyba’a be1 = ba1 is the navel / belly button
(umbilicus) of be2 = ba2. (In humans, the navel
can appear as a depression (kevna) or as a protrusion (punli). Cf. befsfeke’a, betfu, barna.)
begbau be1 = ba1 is the Bengali language used
by ba2 to communicate ba3 (si’o/du’u, not quote).
(Cf. bengo, bangu, banbu’enu.)
begygu’e b1 = g1 is Bangladesh. (Cf. bengo,
gugde, gugdebudu.)
beiblo b1 is a cargo ship for carrying b2, propelled by b3. (Cf. bevri, bloti, preblo, ni’ablo.)
beiDJIN Beijing. (Cf. jungo, tcadu.)
beipre p1 = b1 is a carrier/porter/waiter, carrying b2 to b3 from b4 over path b5. (Cf. barjyse’u.)
beircarce c1 is a cart/carriage/wagon (wheeled
vehicle) for carrying c2 = b2 to b3 from b4, propelled by c3. (Cf. beipre, bevma’e.)
beitlaxum Bethlehem. (Cf. xriso, lijda.)
bei [BEI] separates multiple linked sumti
within a selbri; used in descriptions.
bemboijvi j1 plays American/Canadian football against j2 in competition j3 for prize/title j4.
(Cf.bemro, bolci, jivna, bemboiterjvi. For soccer
see boltipyjvi.)
bemboiterjvi j3 is an American/Canadian football match/game with j1 playing/competing
against j2 for prize/title j4. (Cf. bemro, bolci,
jivna, bemboijvi. For soccer match/game see
bemjoitco b1=k1 is North America and South
America; b1=k1 is Pan-American. (Cf. bemro,
ketco, merko, braplu)
bemro [bem be’o] x1 reflects North American culture/nationality/geography in aspect x2.
(See also merko, kadno, xispo, mexno.)
bemtu’a b1 = t1 is North America. (Cf. bemro, tumla, zdotu’a, rontu’a, tcotu’a, sralytu’a,
frikytu’a, ziptu’a.)
bende [bed be’e] x1 is a
crew/team/gang/squad/band of persons x2
directed/led by x3 organized for purpose x4.
((x1 is a mass; x2 is a set completely specified);
Also orchestra (= zgibe’e, balzgibe’e), outfit; x3
conductor; business, not necessarily incorporated
(= cajbe’e, venbe’e). See also gunma, girzu, dansu,
jatna, jitro, kagni, kamni, minde, ralju, cecmu,
bengo [beg] x1 reflects Bengali/Bangladesh
culture/nationality/language in aspect x2. (See
also xindo.)
benji [bej be’i] x1 transfers/sends/transmits x2 to receiver x3 from
transmitter/origin x4 via means/medium x5.
(Also possibly ”sharing”; no (complete) alienation
from origin is implied. x5 carrier. See also muvdu,
dunda, mrilu, nirna, xruti, cradi, tivni, preja,
cmavo list be’i, bevri, mrilu, tcana.)
benmro m1 = b2 is brain-dead.
benpi’a x1 is a meninx/mater of x2.
benske s1 is (cerebral) neurology/neuroscience
with methodology s2. (Cf. benpi’a.)
benvau v1 is the braincase (part of cranium) of
organism b2. (Cf. benpi’a, stedu.)
benxadba xa1 is a hemisphere of brain b1 =
bergamia x1 is a bergamot orange of variety/cultivar x2
bermau b1 = z1 is farther north than b2 =
z1 according to frame of reference b3 by distance/gap/margin z4. (Cf. berti, zmadu, beryrai.)
bernanjudri j1 is the latitude/declination of j2
in system j3. (Cf. berti, snanu, judri, sunsicyjudri,
10bi’amlu bijgri
plinyxabykoi, jedjipli’i, julra’o, cacryra’o. )
berpau b1 = p1is the northern part of b2 = p2.
bersa [bes be’a] x1 is a son of
mother/father/parents x2 [not necessarily biological]. (Also filial. See also verba, nanla, nakni,
nanmu, patfu, mamta, bruna, rirni, rorci, panzi,
berstici x1 is northwest of x2 in frame of reference x3. (Cf. berstuna.)
berstuna x1 is northeast of x2 in frame of reference x3. (Cf. berti, stuna, stici, snanu, nanstici,
nanstuna, berstici.)
bersunberberti x1 is north by east of x2 in
frame of reference x3.
berti [ber] x1 is to the north/northern side
[right-hand-rule pole] of x2 according to frame of
reference x3. (See also snanu, stici, stuna, farna.)
besmamta m1 = b2 is the mother of son m2 =
b1. (Cf. tixmamta, bespa’u.)
besna [ben] x1 is a/the brain [body-part] of
x2; [metaphor: intelligence, mental control]. (Also
cerebral. See also menli, stedu, rango, pensi.)
bes Son (Cf. bersa, tix, mam, paf, bun, mes. )
betfu [bef be’u] x1 is a/the abdomen/belly/lower trunk [body-part] of x2;
[metaphor: midsection]. (Also stomach (=
djaruntyrango), digestive tract (= befctirango,
befctirangyci’e). See also cutne, livga, canti.)
betri [bet] x1 is a tragedy/disaster/tragic for
x2. (See also badri, xlali, morsi, binra.)
bevgundi g1 is a/the transportation industry/sector for b1 transporting b2 from b3 to b4. (Cf.
bevri, gundi.)
bevma’elai k1 is k2 (quantifier, default: one)
truckloads/lorryloads in quantity. (Cf. klani,
bevri, marce, bevma’e.)
bevma’e m1 is a
truck/transporter/cart/sled/mode of transport for carrying m2 = b2 to b3 from b4 over path
b5, on surface medium m3, propelled by m4. (Cf.
bevri [bev bei] x1 carries/hauls/bears/transports cargo x2 to x3
from x4 over path x5; x1 is a carrier/[porter].
(Alienation from x2 to x3 is implied. See also
marce, muvdu, benji, klama.)
be [BE] sumti link to attach sumti (default x2)
to a selbri; used in descriptions.
bi’agla b1 = g1 has a fever due to disease b3.
bi’amlu s1 = b1 is sickly/appears ill with symptoms s2 = b2 from disease b3 to observer s3. (Cf.
bi’arbi’o bin1 develops illness bin2 = bil1 with
symptoms bil2. (Cf. bi’agla.)
bi’arlitki l1 is pus of composition l2 from disease
b3. (Cf. bilma, litki.)
bi’armenske s1 (mass of facts) is the psychiatry
of subject matter s2 based on methodolgy s3. (Cf.
bilma, menli, saske, menske.)
bi’e [BIhE] prefixed to a mex operator to indicate high priority.
bi’i [biz] [BIhI] non-logical interval connective: unordered between ... and ...
bi’o [BIhI] non-logical interval connective: ordered from ... to ...
bi’unai [UI*3] discursive: newly introduced information - previously introduced information.
bi’u [UI3a] discursive: newly introduced information - previously introduced information. (See
also nindatni, saurdatni.)
bicydja c1 is honey from bees b1 of species b2.
(Cf. sakta, lakse, titla, viknu.)
bidbau x1 = b1 is the Indonesian language used
by b2 to express/communicate b3 (si’o/du’u, not
quote). (Cf. bindo, bangu, banginudu.)
bidgu’e g1=b1 is Indonesia. (Cf. bindo, gugde,
gugde’idu, bidgug, meljo, baxso, xazdo. )
bidgug Indonesia. (Cf. bindo, gugde, bidgu’e,
bidju x1 is a bead/pebble [shape/form] of material x2. (See also bolci, canre, lakse, dirgo.)
bidjylinsi x1 is a rosary with beads of material
x2 with link properties x3. (Cf. lijda.)
bie,uaRUC Belarus.
bifca’e c1 = b2 (agent) blows c2. (Cf. catke,
brife, vasxu, vacri, tolsakci.)
bifcau c1 is still/without wind.
bifce [bic] x1 is a bee/wasp/hornet of
species/breed x2. (See also cinki, sfani, lakse.)
bifkluza k1 (object) is fluttering on k2 (object) at
locus k3.
bifmlo m1 is a windmill performing process m2.
bifpra c1 is a fan/blower/punkah blowing
air/gas with speed b3 by process c3. (Cf. brife,
bigygau g1 obligates b1 to do b2 by standard b3.
bijgri g1 is a formal organization with
aim/purpose g2. (Cf. kamni, kagni.)
11binpre birtu’ucau
bijyjbu x1 = j1 is an office desk/counter of material x2 = j2, in office x3 = b1 of worker x4 = b2 at
location x5 = b3. (Cf. briju jubme. A table where
transaction are made.)
biki’o [PA*] number/quantity: 8,000 expressed
with comma.
bikla [bik] x1 whips/lashes/snaps [a sudden
violent motion]. (See also skori, darxi.)
bikre’o r1 flings/hurls/ throws violently r2 =
b1 to/at/in direction r3. (Cf. bikla, renro.)
biksku c1 (agent) snaps c2 (sedu’u/text/lu’e
concept) at audience c3 via expressive medium c4.
(Cf. bikla, cusku.)
bikspu s1 snaps in response to person/object/event/situation/stimulus s2 with
response s3. (Cf. spuda, bikla, sutspu.)
bikydamri d1 is a whip (musical instrument).
(Cf. balzgibe’e.)
bilga [big] x1 is bound/obliged to/has the
duty to do/be x2 in/by standard/agreement x3;
x1 must do x2. (Also x3 frame of reference. See
also zifre, fuzme.)
bilma [bi’a] x1 is ill/sick/diseased with
symptoms x2 from disease x3. (See also kanro,
mikce, spita, senci, kafke, binra.)
bilni [bil] x1 is military/regimented/is
strongly organized/prepared by system x2
for purpose x3. (Also paramilitary; soldier
in its broadest sense - not limited to those
trained/organized as part of an army to defend a
state (= bilpre). See also jenmi for a military force,
sonci, ganzu, pulji.)
bilpulji p1 is military police officer enforcing
law(s)/rule/order p2.
bimei [MOI*] quantifier selbri: convert 8 to cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with the octet of members
bimoi [MOI*] quantified selbri: convert 8 to ordinal selbri; x1 is eighth among x2 ordered by rule
bimxra p1 is a mural representing/showing p2,
made by artist p3 on wall p4 = b1.
bindo [bid] x1 reflects Indonesian culture/nationality/language in aspect x2. (See also
bindo, meljo, baxso.)
binonovo [PA*] number/quantity: 8004, without comma.
binono [PA*] number/quantity: 800 [eight
bino [PA*] number/quantity: 80 [eighty].
binpre j1 = p1 is a
middleman/mediator/contact/gobetween/intercessor between parties j2.
binra x1 insures/indemnifies x2 (person)
against peril x3 (event) providing benefit(s) x4
(event). (Also x3 loss; sell/purchase insurance
(= binryve’u), premium (= binrydi’a, or binryvelve’u). See also bandu, cirko, betri, basti,
binrydi’a j1 is an insurance premium providing
coverage against peril j2=b3 for insured j3=b2 (person), offered by insurer j4=b1.
binryve’u v1 sells insurance v2 = b1 to client
v3 = b2 for cost v4, insurance against peril b3
(event) providing benefit(s) b4 (event).
binxo [bix bi’o] x1 becomes/changes/converts/transforms into x2
under conditions x3. (Resultative, not-necessarily
causal, change. (cf. cenba for non-resultative, galfi
for causal, stika for non-resultative, non-causal
change; zasni))
bircidni c1 = b1 is an elbow of body x2 = c3 =
b2. (Cf. degycidni.)
birdadykla k1 brachiates to destination k2 from
origin k3 via route k4. (Cf. cadzu, bajra, smani,
birgutci g1 is g2 cubit/cubits (length unit). (Cf.
birka, gutci, degygutci, jmagutci, cibjmagutci.)
birja’i j1 is a bracelet on arm j2 = b1. (Cf. birka,
birje x1 is made of/contains/is a amount of
beer/ale/brew brewed from x2. (See also pinxe,
barja, jikru, vanju, xalka, fusra.)
birka [bir] x1 is a/the arm [body-part] of
x2; [metaphor: branch with strength]. (Also elbow (= bircidni), wrist (= xanterjo’e), appendage
(but jimca, rebla preferred). See also jimca, janco,
xance, rebla.)
birkoku x1 is an apricot of variety x2. (see also
flaume, ricrceraso, ricrprunu)
birstizu s1 is an armchair. (Cf. birka, stizu,
birtafpau p1 is a sleeve of garment p2 = t1
for wearing by t2 (gender/species). (Cf. birtu’u,
birti [bit] x1 is certain/sure/positive/convinced that x2 is true.
(See also jetnu, jinvi, krici, djuno, senpi, sruma.)
birtu’ucau c1 (garment) is sleeveless. (Cf.
birtu’u, birtafpau.)
12blabruk blogre
birtu’u t1 is a sleeve of material t2 for the arm of
b2. (Cf. birtafpau, birtu’ucau.)
birvrajvi j1 arm-wrestles with j2 for prize j4.
bisli [bis] x1 is a quantity of/is made
of/contains ice [frozen crystal] of composition/material x2. (Composition including x2,
which need not be a complete composition. See
also kunra, runme, lenku, krili, bratu, snime,
bisma’a x1 is an iceberg in ocean x2. (Cf.
bisri’e x1 is a glacier of land mass x2, draining
snowshed x3 into x4. (Cf. bisma’a.)
bisycmaplini b1 = c1 = p1 is a comet revolving
around p2 with planetary characteristics p3, orbital
parameters p4, with ice composition b2. (Cf. plini,
bisyladru x1 = b1 = l1 is ice cream/frozen yoghurt made from milk of source x2 = l2.
bitmu [bim bi’u] x1 is a wall/fence separating x2 and x3 (unordered) of/in structure x4. (See
also jbini, sepli, fendi, canko, drudi, kumfa, loldi,
senta, snuji, pagre, gacri, kuspe, marbi, vorme.)
bitygau g1 convinces/persuades b1 that b2 is
true. (from birti gasnu c.f. madysku dragau)
bivjetka’u k1 is a byte/octet.
bivmasti x1 is August/the eighth month of year
x2 in calendar x3. (Cf. pavmasti, nanca.)
bivmast August. (Cf. cinfyma’i, bivmasti.)
bivmoija’a j1 has the rank of Lieutenant General/Vice Admiral/Air Marshal (equivalent of
NATO OF-8) in military unit /organization j2. (Cf.
bi, moi, jatna, jemja’a, vairsoi, sozmoija’a, zelmoija’a. Based on STANAG 2116: NATO Codes
for Grades of Military Personnel.)
bivyplini p1 is the eighth closest planet (default
is Neptune if p2 is the Sun) revolving around p2
(default is the Sun), with planetary characteristics
p3, orbital parameters p4. (Cf. pavyplini, relplini
etc., terdi, solri, mluni, lunra, plinycma, tarci’e.)
bivyplin Neptune. (Cf. bivyplini.)
bixma’u b1 = m1 is adolescent / pubescent /
maturing in development-quality m2 (ka) by standard x3. (Cf. binxo, makcu, xadbixma’u, bavyfarvi, citnau.)
bi [biv] [PA1] digit/number: 8 (digit)
blabi [lab] x1 is white/very-light colored
[color adjective]. (Pale forms of other colors are
a compound of white; e.g. pink (= labyxu’e, xunblabi) (whereas kandi is used for pale = dimness,
lack of intensity). See also skari, xekri, grusi,
kandi, manku, carmi, bakri, blanu, bunre, cicna,
crino, narju, nukni, pelxu, xunre, zirpu.)
blabruk Belarus.
blaci x1 is a quantity of/is made of/contains
glass of composition including x2. (See also kabri.)
bladembi x1 is indigo (Indigofera sp.) of
species/variety x2. (Cf. zirpu, blanu, me’andi.)
blanu [bla] x1 is blue [color adjective]. (See
also skari, blabi, xekri, zirpu, kandi, carmi, cicna.)
blari’o c1 is blue-green. (Cf. cicna.)
bliku [bli] x1 is a block [3-dimensional
shape/form] of material x2, surfaces/sides x3.
(x3 sides/surfaces should include number, size,
and shape; also polyhedron (= pitybli having
flat/planar sides/surfaces). regular polyhedron
(= kubybli, blikubli), brick (= kitybli); See also tapla, kubli, tanbo, canlu, kojna, sefta, bolci, kurfa,
blixra p1 is a relief/embossment representing/showing p2, made by artist p3, on material b2.
(Cf. bliku, pixra, laryrakpra, kacmyxra.)
blobonjacta’o t1=d1=bo1=bl2 is a wakeboard
of material/property t2. (From tanbo, djacu,
boxna, bloti (bo2-bo5,bl2, bl3 subsumed). See
also sufingboard (=bonjacta’o), windsurfingboard
(=fanjacta’o), kitesurfingboard (=volfanjacta’o),
wakesurfingboard (=blobonjacta’o).)
bloca’ega’a g1 = c2 = b3 is a punting pole made
of g2 pushed by c2 in boat b1. (Cf. bloti, catke,
grana, blocpuga’a, blofanga’a, blopinfanga’a, blomatryga’a, blofarga’a.)
blocpuga’a g1 = l2 = b3 is an oar made of
g2 pulled by l2 in boat b1. (Cf. bloti, lacpu,
grana, bloca’ega’a, blofanga’a, blopinfanga’a, blomatryga’a, blofarga’a.)
blocra c1 is a prow of boat/ship c2 = b1, boat
for carrying b2, propelled by b3.
blofanga’a g1 = b3 is the mast made of g2
of sail f1 on boat f3 = b1. (Cf. bloti, falnu,
grana, bloca’ega’a, blocpuga’a, blopinfanga’a, blomatryga’a, blofarga’a.)
blofarga’a g1 is the tiller made of g2 of
boat/ship f2 = b1. (Cf. Cf. bloti, farna,
grana, bloca’ega’a, blopinfanga’a, blofanga’a,
blocpuga’a, blomatryga’a.)
blogre p1 ferries through p2 to destination side
p3 from origin side p4, carrying b2, propelled by b3.
13bluji boltipterjvi
(Cf. grebe’i, greblo.)
bloja’a j1 is a captain of boat/ship b1 of
type/that carries b2. (Cf. bloti, jatna, blopre,
blokla k1 goes/sails/navigates (travels by boat)
to destination k2 from origin k3 via route k4 using
boat k5 = b1. (Cf. klama.)
bloklu k1 is the maritime culture of nation/ethos k2. (Cf. xamsi.)
bloli’u l1 = b2 travels by boat via route l2 using boat/ship/vessel l3 = b1 propelled by b3. (Cf.
blomatryga’a g1 = b3 is the shaft made of g2
of engine m1 in boat m2 = b1. (Cf. bloti, matra, grana, bloca’ega’a, blofanga’a, blopinfanga’a,
blocpuga’a, blofarga’a.)
blomuvga’a g1 is an oar/paddle of
boat/ship/vessel b1, of material g3, boat for
carrying b2.
blopinfanga’a g1 = b3 = p1 is a/the boom/yard
made of g2 of sail f1 on boat f3 = b1. (Cf.
bloti, pinta, falnu, grana, bloca’ega’a, blofanga’a,
blocpuga’a, blomatryga’a, blofarga’a.)
blopre p1 is a sailor of boat b1 of type/that carries b2. (Cf. bloti, prenu, blosazri, bloja’a.)
blosazri s1 maneuvers/is a pilot of boat b1 = s2.
(Cf. bloti, sazri, bloja’a, blopre.)
blosoi s1 is a marine of military unit s2. (Cf.
bloti, sonci.)
blosormei s1 is a fleet (of ships). (Cf. bloti,
blotcana t1 is a seaport/ferry terminal in transport system t2 for boats/ships/vessels of type b2
propelled by b3. (Cf. bloti, tcana, ni’ablo, brablo,
greblo, xamsi, korbi.)
bloti [lot blo lo’i] x1 is a
boat/ship/vessel [vehicle] for carrying x2,
propelled by x3. (See also falnu, fulta, marce,
jatna, sabnu.)
blozeile’a l1 = b2 is a pirate aboard pirate ship
b1, stealing l2, which is wrong according to z2. (Cf.
bluble x1 is anemic of type x2 by standard x3.
blucri cir1=cib2 loses blood cib1=cir2 under conditions cir3; cir1=cib2 bleeds. (Cf. ciblu, cirko,
rinci, vikmi, sputu, xrani, cortu)
blufle f1 is blood flow/circulation of vital fluid
f2 = c1 of organism c2, flowing in direction
to/towards f3 from direction f4. (Cf. risna, blucri, blutu’u, labyblu, spablu.)
4 bluji x1 is a pair of jeans / blue jeans (See also
de’emni, bukpu, palku, taxfu)
blupinxe p1 is a vampire / drinks blood of organism p3 = c2. (p2 and c1 subsumed. Cf. ciblu,
pinxe, crida.)
blusfani x1 is a mosquito/blood-sucking
diptere of genus/species x2. (Cf. marlari, civla.)
blutu’u t1 is a vessel with blood/vital fluid c1 of
organism c2. (Cf. risna, blucri, blufle, labyblu.)
bodga,ias Bodhgaya.
bofkosta k1 = b1 is a cloak/cape of material
k2 = b2 (An essentially flat piece of fabric worn
fastened or tied around the neck, and reaching
down the back.)
bofsnipa b1 = s1 is a sticky patch which sticks
to s2, and consists of material b2. (Cf. blucri.)
bogjinme x1 is calcium. (Cf. bongu, jinme,
bogygreku b1 = g1 is a skeleton with function
bogykamju k1 is the spine of b3. b3 is a vertebrate. (Cf. kamjybo’u, terbo’u.)
boijme j1 = b1 is a pearl/ball-shaped gem from
gemstone/material/source j3 = b2. (Cf. tercakyjme, cakyjmepi’a.)
boi [BOI] elidable terminator: terminate numeral or letteral string.
bolbi’o bi1 rolls up under condition bi3. (Cf.
bolci, binxo, krosa’i, krobi’o.)
bolci [bol boi] x1 is a
ball/sphere/orb/globe [shape/form] of material x2; x1 is a spherical object [made of x2].
(Also round. See also bliku, cukla, bidju, gunro.)
boldi’u d1 is a dome/cupola for purpose d2. (Cf.
drudi, malsi, si’erdi’u, zdani.)
bolga’axa’i xa1 = g1 is a mace for use against
xa2 by xa3, of material g2 = b2.
bolgaro x1 is Bulgarian in aspect x2. (Cf. slovo,
bolgrijvi j1 = g1 (team) competes in a ball game
tournament with j2 (team) in contest/competition
j3 (event) for gain j4.
bolgu’o g1 plays bowling/boules.
bolkei k1 plays ball using k2.
boltipterjvi j3 is a soccer match/game with j1 =
t1 playing/competing against j2 for prize/title j4.
(Cf. bolci, tikpa, jivna, boltipyjvi, boltipyboi. For
American/Canadian football match/game see bemboiterjvi.)
14brabi’o branimre
boltipyboi x1 is a soccer ball made from material x2. (Cf. bolci, tikpa, boltipyjvi, boltipyterjvi.)
boltipyjvi j1 = t1 plays soccer against j2 in competition j3 for prize/title j4. (Cf. bolci, tikpa, jivna,
boltipyboi, boltipterjvi. For American/Canadian
football see bemboijvi.)
bolxa’e xa1 = b1 is the fist of xa2. (Cf. fegboixa’e, demxa’e, jairxa’e, xanse’agle.)
bolxadba xa1 is a hemisphere of sphere b1 =
xa2, of material b2, halfness standard xa3. (Cf.
bolci, xadba, plinyxadba.)
bongu [bog bo’u] x1 is a/the bone/ivory
[body-part], performing function x2 in body of x3;
[metaphor: calcium]. (x2 is likely an abstract: may
be structure/support for some body part, but others as well such as the eardrum bones; the former can be expressed as (tu’a le ¡body-part¿); cartilage/gristle (= ranbo’u), skeleton (= bogygreku).
See also greku, denci, jirna, sarji.)
bonjacta’o t1=d1=b1 is a surfingboard of material/property t2. (From tanbo, djacu, boxna
(b2-b5 subsumed). See also jacta’o, windsurfingboard (=fanjacta’o), kitesurfingboard (=volfanjacta’o), wakesurfingboard (=blobonjacta’o).)
bonjarple p1 = j1 is corrugated cardboard from
source p2. (Cf. jarple, tanxe.)
bonmaksi m1 is an antenna emitting/receiving
wave b2 = m2 with wave-form b3, wave-length b4
and frequency b5.
bosnan Bosnia.
botlai k1 is k2 (quantifier, default: one) bottlefuls in quantity. (Cf. botpi, klani.)
botpi [bot bo’i] x1 is a bottle/jar/urn/flask/closable container for x2,
made of material x3 with lid x4. (See also baktu,
lante, patxu, tansi, tanxe, vasru, gacri.)
boxfo [bof bo’o] x1 is a sheet/foil/blanket
[2-dimensional shape/form flexible in 3 dimensions] of material x2. (See also plita, cinje, polje,
slasi, tinci.)
boxna [bon bo’a] x1 is a wave [periodic pattern] in medium x2, wave-form x3, wave-length
x4, frequency x5. (See also slilu, dikni, cinje, polje,
morna, canre.)
bo [bor] [BO] short scope joiner; joins various constructs with shortest scope and right
grouping. (Cf. ke, ke’e.)
brabaktu bar1 = bak1 is a swimming pool filled
with bak2, made of material bak3. (Cf. barda,
baktu, djacu, litki, limna, fulta, jinru.)
brabi’o bi1 = ba1 grows in size/becomes big to
bi2 under conditions bi3. (Cf. verba, spati, pinji,
brablo ba1 = bl1 is a ship for carrying bl2, propelled by bl3, big by standard ba3.
brabracrida c1 = b1 is a giant of
mythos/religion c2, huge as compared with
standard/norm b3. (Cf. brabra, clapre, claselxadni, torcrida.)
brabrajamblo bl1 = ba1 is a battleship of
type/carrying bl2, propelled by bl3. (Cf. barda,
jamna, bloti, ni’ablo, brajamblo, cmajamblo, badjamblo, vijblo.)
brabra b1 is huge/enormous/very big in property b2 with criterion b3. (barda+barda; Cf
caibra, tcebra, selte’abra, dukse, cimni, camganra;
antonym: cmacma. )
bracutci c1 is a boot for covering/protecting
(feet/hooves) c2, and of material c3. (Cf. tupcutci.)
bradi x1 is an enemy/opponent/adversary/foe
of x2 in struggle x3. (See also damba, jamna, darlu,
pendo, fapro, gunta, sarji, jivna, jinga.)
brafe’a f1 = b1 is an abyss in f2, large as compared with standard/norm b3.
brafi’a f1 = b1 is a novel about
plot/theme/subject c2 by author c3. (Cf. barda,
cfika, lisri, cukta, cmafi’a.)
brajamblo bl1 = ba1 is a cruiser of
type/carrying bl2, propelled by bl3. (Cf. barda,
jamna, bloti, ni’ablo, brabrajamblo, cmajamblo,
badjamblo, vijblo.)
brajdikygau g1 causes j1 = b1 to decrease in
property/dimension b2 (ka) by amount j3. (Cf.
barda, jdika, gasnu, cmazengau.)
brajmadegycalku c1 is the nail of the big toe of
body d3. (Cf. jmatajycalku, brajmadegji, jgalu.)
brakruca k1 amply overlaps with k2 at locus k3,
amply as compared with standard/norm b3.
bralai k1 is numerous on a scale of k3. (Cf.
barda, klani, so’imei.)
brama’a b1 = c1 is a mountain in terrain c2, big
by standard b3. (Cf. barda, cmana, cmama’a.)
bramau z1 is bigger than z2 in dimension b2 by
margin z4. (Cf. barda, zmadu, brarai, mecybrarai,
brame’a, clamau.)
brame’a m1 is smaller/[less big] than m2 in dimension b2 by margin m4. (Cf. barda, mleca, cmamau, bramau, brarai, mecybrarai, tolba’o.)
branimre x1 is a grapefruit/shaddock/pomelo
15bredi brodu
of variety x2. (Cf. nimre, barda, pelnimre, najnimre, ri’ornimre.)
brapatxu p1 is a cauldron/big pot for contents
p2, of material/properties p3, big as compared
with standard/norm b3. (Cf. bravau.)
braplu d1 = b1 is a continent in ocean/on planet
brarai t1 = b1 is the biggest among set/range
t4 in property/dimension b2 (ka). (Cf. barda, traji,
bramau, mecybrarai, brame’a, mecycmarai.)
braro’i r1 is a boulder/big rock of
type/composition r2 from location r3, big as
compared with standard/norm b3. (Cf. cmana,
braronvoimabru x1 is a greater noctule bat
(Nyctalus lasiopterus)
brasa’o s1 is steep with angle s2 to horizon/frame s3. (Cf. tcesa’o.)
bratce m1 = b1 is very
big/great/huge/enormous in the property of
b2(ka) as compared with standard/norm b3. (Cf.
barda, mutce.)
brato’a t1 is a tone high in pitch/frequency from
source t3. (Cf. barda, tonga, cladu.)
bratu x1 is hail/sleet/freezing rain/solid precipitation of material/composition including x2.
(This is the substance, not the act or manner of its
falling, which is carvi. See also carvi, snime, bisli,
bravau v1 is a large container, containing v2,
large as compared with standard/norm b3. (Cf.
braxamsi x1 = b1 is an ocean on planet x2 (default Earth) of fluid x3. (Cf. barda, xamsi, braplu,
bisma’a, arktik.)
braxas Ocean (Cf. braxamsi, xas, rirx.)
braxirma x1 = b1 is a cart/dray/draft horse of
breed x2. (Cf. barda, xirma.)
braxiura j1 is a crab of species/section j2. (Cf.
cakyjukni. From linnaean Brachyura. )
braze’a z1 = b1 grows in property b2 (ka) by
amount z3. (Cf. barda, zenba, cmaze’a, brabi’o.)
brazengau g1 causes z1 = b1 to increase in property/dimension b2 (ka) by amount z3. (Cf. barda,
zenba, gasnu, cmajdikygau.)
brazilias Brasilia. (Cf. brazo, tcadu.)
brazo [raz] x1 reflects Brazilian culture/nationality/language in aspect x2. (See
also porto, ketco.)
bre’one x1 is Breton in aspect x2. (Syn. fasko’o.)
bredi [red bre] x1 is ready/prepared for x2
(event). (See also spaji, jukpa.)
bregau g1 prepares/readies b1 for b2.
brejbi j1 = b1 is almost ready for b2 (event). (Cf.
bredi, jibni.)
breveto x1 is a patent on invention x2 by inventor x3 valid in jurisdiction x4 for time interval x5.
bridi [bri] x1 (text) is a predicate relationship
with relation x2 among arguments (sequence/set)
x3. (Also: x3 are related by relation x2 (= terbri
for reordered places). (x3 is a set completely specified); See also sumti, fancu.)
brife [bif bi’e] x1 is a breeze/wind/gale
from direction x2 with speed x3; x1 blows from x2.
(See also tcima.)
briju [bij] x1 is an office/bureau/work-place
of worker x2 at location x3. (See also jibri, gunka.)
brika’i x1 is a pro-bridi representing predicate
relationship x2 with relation x3 among arguments
x4. (Cf. bridi, krati, sumka’i, cei.)
brili’e x1 is a prenex of bridi/predicate relationship x2 with relation x3 among arguments x4. (Cf.
brirebla x1 is a bridi-tail of predicate relationship x2 with relation x3 among arguments (sequence/set) x4. (Cf. bridi, rebla.)
brito [rit] x1 reflects British/United Kingdom culture/nationality in aspect x2. (See also
glico, skoto, merko, ropno.)
brivla v1 is a morphologically defined predicate
word signifying relation b2 in language v3. (Derived from bridi and valsi, deleting b3, as we are
speaking of the relationship independent of particular arguments. In Lojban, such words must end
in a vowel and contain a consonant cluster within
the first five letters (not counting y). Not all words
that can be used as a selbri (for instance members
of GOhA) are brivla.)
broda [rod] 1st assignable variable predicate
(context determines place structure). (See also
cmavo list bu’a.)
brode [bo’e] 2nd assignable variable predicate (context determines place structure).
brodi 3rd assignable variable predicate (context
determines place structure).
brodo 4th assignable variable predicate (context
determines place structure).
brodu 5th assignable variable predicate (context
determines place structure).
16buklolgai ca’a
brogu’e g1 is Israel with people g2 and land g3.
(Cf. gugde’ilu, sra’eli.)
bromalsi m1 is a synagogue at location/serving
area m3. (Cf. lijda.)
bromeli x1 is a bromeliad/pineapple of species
x2. (Cf. grutrxananase.)
bropre xe1 = p1 is a Jew/Hebrew/Israelite.
brulu’i l1 (agent) sweeps/brushes l2, removing
soil/contaminant l3 with brush l4 = b1. (Cf. denburcu.)
bruNAIS Brunei. (full name
bruNAIS.darusLAM. Cf. xrabo, gugde.)
bruna [bun bu’a] x1 is brother of/fraternal
to x2 by bond/tie/standard/parent(s) x3; [not
necess. biological]. (See also mensi, tunba, tamne,
famti, bersa.)
bryklyn Brooklyn, New York: a borough of New
York City, at the western tip of Long Island. (Cf.
merko, tcadu.)
bu’a [bul] [GOhA] logically quantified predicate variable: some selbri 1.
bu’e [GOhA] logically quantified predicate
variable: some selbri 2.
bu’i [GOhA] logically quantified predicate variable: some selbri 3.
bu’ocu’i [UI*7] attitudinal contour: start emotion - continue emotion - end emotion.
bu’onai [UI*7] attitudinal contour: start emotion - continue emotion - end emotion.
bu’o [UI7] attitudinal contour: start emotion -
continue emotion - end emotion.
bu’udru z1 is an awning over z2, made of b2.
bu’uzda z1 is a tent inhabited by z2, made of b2.
(Cf. bukmra, bukydi’u, bu’udru.)
bu’u [FAhA3] location tense relation/direction;
coincident with/at the same place as; space equivalent of ca.
budjo [buj bu’o] x1 pertains to the Buddhist
culture/religion/ethos in aspect x2. (See also
latna, lijda.)
buenosaires Buenos Aires. (Cf. gento, tcadu.)
bujyjbenunsla n1 is the Vesak celebrated by s1
with activities s3. (Cf. budjo, jbena, nu, salci.)
bukcilta c1 is a thread of fabric material c2 = b2.
(Cf. skori, silka, marna, mapni, sunla, fenso.)
bukfa’u f1 parachutes to f2 from f3 using
parachute of type/material b2. (Cf. falbu’u, santa,
vofli, bukyvoi.)
bukfe’a f1 is a tear in cloth f2 = b1 of
type/material x3 = b2. (Cf. tafyfe’a.)
buklolgai g1 = b1 is a carpet/rug for covering
floor g2 = l1 of x3 = l2, of type/material x4 = b2.
(Cf. lolgai.)
bukmra m1 is a tent sheltering m2 from m3,
made of cloth b2. (Cf. bu’uzda.)
bukpu [buk bu’u] x1 is an amount of
cloth/fabric of type/material x2. (See also mapni,
matli, sunla, slasi, silka.)
bukydi’u z1 is a tent for purpose z2, made of b2.
(Cf. bukmra, bu’uzda.)
bukyvoi v1 paraglides, using paraglider of
type/material b2. (Cf. bukyvoikla, bukfa’u,
bumgapci x1 is fog/mist of liquid/composition
x2 covering x3. (Cf. bumru, gapci.)
bumru [bum] x1 is foggy/misty/covered by a
fog/mist/vapor of liquid x2. (See also djacu, carvi,
danmo, lunsa, tcima, gapci.)
bunda [bud] x1 is x2 (def. 1) local weight
unit(s) [non-metric], standard x3, subunits [e.g.
ounces] x4. ((additional subunit places may be
added as x5, x6, ...); See also grake, junta, tilju,
rupnu, fepni, dekpu, gutci, minli, merli, kramu.)
bunre [bur bu’e] x1 is brown/tan [color adjective]. (See also skari, blabi, xekri, kandi, carmi.)
bunspe s1 is a sister-in-law
(brother’s spouse) of m2 under
law/custom/tradition/system/convention sp3.
(Omit x4 = s2 = m1. Cf. speni, me’ispe, tubyspe.)
bun Brother (Cf. bruna, mes, mam, paf, bes, tix.)
burcu [bru] x1 is a brush for purpose x2
(event) with bristles x3. (See also komcu, pinsi.)
burnanba n1 is brown bread made from grains
n2. (Cf. labnanba.)
burna x1 is embarrassed/disconcerted/flustered/illat-ease about/under conditions x2 (abstraction).
(See also cinmo.)
burnygau g1 (agent) embarrasses/disconcerts
b1 about/under conditions b2 (abstraction).
bu [bus bu’i] [BU] convert any single
word to BY.
byLIN Berlin.
by [BY2] letteral for b.
ca ma [PU*] sumti question asking for a
time/date/event; simultaneous with what?.
ca’arcau cl1 is unaided by/without apparatus/mechanism/device/equipment ca1 = cl2 for
function ca2 controlled/triggered by ca3 (agent).
ca’a [caz] [CAhA] modal aspect: actuality/ongoing event.
17cabra cadykei
ca’erbi’e b1 = c2 is a wind from direction b2
with speed b3, shoving/pushing c2 at locus c3. (Cf.
ca’ercarce car1 = cat2 is a pushcart/wheelbarrow for carrying car2. (Cf. catke,
ca’ermuvgau g1 = c1 pushes m1 = c2 to destination m2 from origin m3 over path/route m4. (Cf.
catke, muvgau, danre.)
ca’erslanu s1 is a valve/piston of material s2,
shoving/pushing c2 at locus c3. (Cf. matra, karce.)
ca’e [UI2] evidential: I define. (See also
mitcu’a, mitsmu.)
ca’icpe cp1 = ca2 demands cp2 = ca2 from cp3.
(Cf. catni, cpedu, e’o, camcpe, mi’ecpe.)
ca’icru cu1 = ca1 (agent) permits/lets/allows
cu2 (event) under conditions cu3, derived from authority on basis ca3.
ca’irdi’a j1 is a charge of service j2 to consumer
j3 = c2 set and levied by authority j4 = c1. (Cf.
jdima, catni, selfu, pleji.)
ca’irselzau z2 is official, approved by authority
z1 = c1 over sphere/people c2. (Cf. zanru, catni,
jdice, curmi.)
ca’irvei x1 = v1 is an authoritative document
of x2 = v2 (data/facts/du’u) about x3 = v3 (object/event) preserved in medium x4 = v4, by authority x5 = c1 over matter/sphere/persons x6 =
c2 derived on basis x7 = c3. (Cf. ca’icru catni vreji.)
ca’i [BAI] catni modal, 1st place by authority of
ca’o [ZAhO] interval event contour: during ...;
continuative ――–―.
ca’u [FAhA2] location tense relation/direction;
forwards/to the front of ...
caba’o [ZAhO*] time tense: has been, is now in
the aftermath of; (tense/modal).
cabdei d1 = c1 is today; d1 = c1 is the day occuring at the same time as c2, day standard d3. (Cf.
prulamdei, bavlamdei.)
cabma’i m1 = c1 is the current month by month
standard m3, simultaneous with c2 in time. (Cf.
cabna, pavmasti.)
cabna’a n1 is the current year by standard n3,
simultaneous with c2 in time. (Cf. cabma’i, cabdei.)
cabna [cab] x1 is current at/in the present
of/during/concurrent/simultaneous with x2 in
time. ((default x2 is the present resulting in:) x1
is now; time relationship only, ’aorist’ claiming simultaneity does not mean one event does not extend into the past or future of the other. See also
zvati, balvi, purci, cmavo list ca, cmavo list ca’a.)
cabra [ca’a] x1 is apparatus/mechanism/device/equipment for function
x2 controlled/[triggered] by x3 (agent). (Form
determined by/from function; does not imply
automated/automatic action - requires an external
agent/trigger (a minji may be a zmiku cabra if
it requires an external agent to trigger or control
the functions that it performs automatically). (cf.
tutci, minji, finti; girzu, ganzu for organizational
apparatus, pilno))
cabycedra ce1 is the modern era. (Cf. citri.)
cabyfau c1 = f1 is live (experienced as it happens) to experiencer c2. (Cf. cabna, fasnu, tivni.)
cabyku’e k1 = c1 ranges through time/has duration k2 = c2. (x2 is the complete duration as the
amount of time or an interval specification and is
non-aorist. Cf. temci.)
caca’a [PU*] time tense: present actuality;
modal aspect.
caca’o [ZAhO*] time tense: is
now/simultaneously, is now in the middle
of; (tense/modal).
cacklu k1 = t1 is a tradition/practice/custom
of traditional culture t2 = k2 under conditions
t3 (This is similar to ritli, but the emphasis is
not necessarily on particular rituals, but customs
(ex. wearing of a particular type of clothing or
hairstyle) associated with a group.)
cacra x1 is x2 hours in duration (default is 1
hour) by standard x3. (See also junla, mentu,
snidu, tcika, temci.)
cacryra’o x1 is x2 hours in angular measure of
right ascension RA (default is 1). (Cf. cacra, radno,
julra’o, sostartai. pi’e used in x2 indicates a base of
60. )
cacyjva j1 = t1 is a convention prescribing j2
(event/state) within community j3 = t2. (Cf. ritli,
lijda, malsi.)
cacysku c1 = t2 customarily expresses c2 to c3
via medium c4 under conditions t3. (Cf. tcaci,
cusku, ritli.)
cadycta cat1 = can1 is a lurker/inactively
watches cat2 (See also: bebzunpre, irci)
cadykei k1 = c1 (agent) idly plays with plaything/toy k2. (Cf. lazni.)
18caicta camganra
cadysti s1 = c1 (agent) ceases and rests from
activity/process/state s2 (not necessarily completing it). (Cf. lazni.)
cadzu [dzu] x1 walks/strides/paces on surface x2 using limbs x3. (See also stapa, bajra,
klama, litru.)
caflitki l1 is liquid at room temperature/at standard temperature and pressure, and consists of
composition/material l2. (Cf. djacu, margu, xalka,
sligu, kelvo.)
cafne [caf] x1 (event) often/frequently/commonly/customarily occurs/recurs by standard x2. (See also rirci, fadni,
kampu, rapli, krefu, lakne, cmavo list piso’iroi
and similar compounds.)
cafrei r1 is a frequently-asked question about
subject r2
cagdaidi’u di1 is a barn for storing/sheltering
grains/livestock/tools/machinery da1. (Cf.
grutersro, xirzda, cange, sorcu.)
4 cagna x1 is an open/closed wound on locus x2 caused by x3. (Unlike velxai, it’s specific to physical injuries pertaining to the surface of an organic body such as skin. Open
wounds include ka’arcagna for ”incision / incised wound”, fercagna for ”laceration”, gukcagna
for ”abrasion”, tuncagna for ”puncture wound”,
grecagna for ”penetration wound”, batcagna for
”bite wound”, dancagna for ”gunshot wound”,
jelcagna for ”burn”, da’ercagna for ”bedsore”,
furcagna for ”necrosis”; closed wounds include
daxcagna for ”contusion/bruise”, camdaxcagna
for ”hematoma”, ra’ircagna for ”chronic wound”.
The victim (the whole of the injured body) may
be specified by joining it to the x2 with ”po” or
putting it directly on x2 with ”tu’a”.)
cagygundi g1 is a/the agricultural industry/sector producing g2 = c4 from farms c1 located in c2 farmed by c3. (Omit g3. Cf. cange,
cagypre p1 is a farmer associated with farm c1
producing c4. (Cf. te, cange, tercange, pudykurji.)
cagzai z1 is a farmer’s market selling z2, operated by farmers z3 = c3. (Cf. nurma, grute, spati,
xarju, bakni, ladru, sovda.)
caibra b1 = c1 is huge/enormous/colossal in
property b2 = c2 to observer b3 = c3. (Cf. carmi,
barda, brabra, tcebra, selte’abra, dukse, cimni,
camganra; antonym: cmacai. )
caicta cat1 stares at cat2 as received by observer
car3. (Cf. zgana.)
caidji d1 craves/intensely wishes d2
(event/state) for purpose d3. (Cf. toldji, caitcu.)
caitcu n1 desperately needs/is desperate for n2
for purpose/action/stage of process n3. (Cf. djica,
caivru s1 = c1 is roaring/blinding to s2 via sensory channel s2 = c3.
cai [CAI] attitudinal: strong intensity attitude
cajeba [PU*] time tense: during and after;
cajgundi g1 is a/the wholesale/retail industry
sector in which c1 trades/barters c2 for c3 by process g3. (Omit c4, g2. Cf. canja, gundi. )
cajysi’u s1 (set) mutually exchange/trade/barter commodity c2 for c3 with c4.
(Cf. canja, simxu.)
cakcinki x1 is a beetle of species x2. (Not to
be confused with ckacinki; Cf. kokcinela, kurkuli,
cakcurnu x1 is a mollusk/clam/mussel/snail
of species x2. (Cf. skargolu, sedjmacurnu, ostreda.)
cakcurske x1 is malacology based on methodology x2. (Cf. cakcurnu, dalske, mivyske, xamsi.)
cakla x1 is made of/contains/is a quantity of
chocolate/cocoa. (See also ckafi.)
cakyjmepi’a p1 = j3 = c3 is mother of pearl
from source p2 = c2. (Cf. boijme, tercakyjme.)
cakyjukni j1 is a crustacean of species/class j2.
(Cf. calku, jukni, braxiura, nerfopi.)
cakykarce k1 = c2 is a tank/armored combat vehicle for carrying k2, propelled by k3, with
armor-plating c1.
cakyrespa x1 is a turtle of species x2.
caljvetei c1 = t1 is space-time occupied by c2.
(Cf. canlu, temci, tarske, mu’eske.)
calku [cak] x1 is a shell/husk [hard, protective covering] around x2 composed of x3. (See also
pilka, skapi, gacri, bartu.)
caltaicmaci cm1 is a geometry describing
cm2 = ca1 = t1 geometric object. (Cf. carmi, tarmi,
cmaci, cukyxratci, cukla, kubli, cibjgatai, cibjgacmaci.)
camcpe cp1 = ca1 demands cp2 from cp3. (Cf.
cpedu, nitcu, ca’icpe, mi’ecpe.)
camganra g1 = c1 is vast/very wide in (2nd
most significant) dimension g2 = c2 with observer
19canko carcpu
g3 = c3. (Cf. carmi, ganra, brabra, caibra, tcebra,
selte’abra, dukse, cimni.)
camgei g1 is intensely happy about g2. (Cf.
carmi, gleki, mansygei, nalra’ugei.)
camgubri’a r1 hypes r2 = g1 = c1. (Cf. gubni,
misno, casnu, notci.)
camgusmis Robin. (Lojbanized name by meaning.)
camki’a k1 = c1 screams/howls sound k2. (Cf.
carmi, krixa, lausku.)
campania x1 is a champagne made from grapes
x2. (Cf. vanju, fomvanju, risyvanju, xalka, koinka.
For sparkling wines without an AOC designation,
use fomvanju.)
camselci’igri g1 is a fanclub for g2 = ci2. (Cf.
camselci’i, crexalbo.)
camselci’i ci1 is a fan of/intensely interested
in ci2 as received/measured by observer ca3. (Cf.
camselci’igri, crexalbo.)
camskamolcpi ci1 = m2 is toucan/toucanet of
species/type ci1 with bill m1 = s1 of typically intense color or colors s2 = ca1 (Family Ramphastidae)
camte’a t1 feels horror/is intensely frightened
of t2 (event/tu’a object). (Cf. ii.)
camtoi c1 effortfully tries to do t2 by method t3,
as perceived by c3.
canci x1 vanishes/disappears from location x2;
x1 ceases to be observed at x2 using senses/sensor
x3. (Also leaves, goes away (one sense). See also
cliva, ganse, zgana, lebna, vimcu.)
cancmu x1 is silicon.
cando [cad] x1 is idle/at rest/inactive. (”in
motion”, not implying a change in location, is
negation of this. See also surla.)
cangan Hong Kong. (From Mandarin pronunciation. Cf. xyngon, xonkon, jungo, tcadu.)
cange [cag] x1 is a farm/ranch at x2, farmed
by x3, raising/producing x4; (adjective:) x1 is
agrarian. (Also grange; farming is any organized
agrarian activity, not limited to plant crops. See
also purdi, nurma, ferti, foldi, xarju.)
canja [caj] x1 exchanges/trades/barters
commodity x2 for x3 with x4; x1, x4 is a
trader/merchant/businessman. (Also (adjective:) x1, x2, x4 is/are commercial (better
expressed as ka canja, kamcanja). x2/x3 may be
a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event
(possibly service), or a property; pedantically, for
objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from
ownership of the object/commodity (= posycanja
for unambiguous semantics); (cf. dunda, friti,
vecnu, zarci, jdini, pleji, jdima, jerna, kargu; see
note at jdima on cost/price/value distinction,
banxa, cirko, dunda, janta, kargu, prali, sfasa,
canko [ca’o] x1 is a window/portal/opening [portal] in
wall/building/structure x2. (See also vorme,
bitmu, ganlo, murta, pagre, kevna, jvinu, kalri,
canlu [cal ca’u] x1 is
space/volume/region/room [at-least-3-
dimensional area] occupied by x2. (Also occupy
(= selca’u). See also kensa, bliku, kumfa, kevna,
kunti, tubnu, dekpu.)
canpa [cna] x1 is a shovel/spade [bladed digging implement] for digging x2. (See also kakpa,
guska, tutci.)
canre [can] x1 is a quantity of/contains/is
made of sand/grit from source x2 of composition
including x3. (Also abrasive (= gukcanre). See also
bidju, rokci, zalvi, boxna.)
canti x1 is a/the
system [body-part] of x2. (Metaphor: process hub.
See also betfu.)
cantybargau g1 disembowels c2 = b2.
canxais Shanghai. (Cf. jungo, tcunCIN, xyngon, cangan, xonkon, tcadu.)
capli’u l1 is an adventurer traveling via route l2
using means/vehicle x3. (Cf. renvi.)
capnu’e x1 threatens x2 with x3 (danger, peril).
capsidba’u b1 snarls/growls/roars the threat
(utterance) of idea/action s2 at audience s3. (Cf.
ckape, stidi, bacru, capti’i, fegba’u, fe’ucmo.)
capti’i s1 (agent) threatens/menaces
idea/action s2 to audience s3. (Cf. baple’i,
terpa, jamna.)
capu’o [ZAhO*] time tense: is going to, is now
just about to, is now anticipating; (tense/modal).
carbi’e b1 = c1 is a tornado/waterspout moving
from direction b2 at speed b3 rotating around centre /eye c2 with rotational direction c3. (Cf. carna,
brife, taifnu, vilti’a.)
carce x1 is a cart/carriage/wagon [wheeled vehicle] for carrying x2, propelled by x3. (See also
karce, xislu, marce, matra.)
carcpu l1 reels in l2 = c1 by handle/at locus l3
by rotating it around axis c2. (Cf. bloti, fipkalte,
20catni ce’o
carcra cr1 = ca1 turns to face cr2. (Cf. crane,
carcycutci cu1 is a roller skate/ice skate for feet
cu2, of material cu3, for carrying x4 = ca2. (Cf.
cucyxelkla, xilcutci, xilcucli’u, cucma’e.)
carcylai k1 is k2 (quantifier, default: one) cartloads/wagonloads in quantity. (Cf. carce, klani.)
cargau x1 turns x2 around axis x3 in direction
x4. (Cf. carcpu.)
carlimcinki x1 is a whirligig beetle of species x2.
(Cf. cakcinki.)
carmi [cam cai] x1 is intense/bright/saturated/brilliant in property
(ka) x2 as received/measured by observer x3.
(Also lustrous, gleaming, sparkling, shining (all
probably better metaphorically combined with
gusni: gusycai or camgu’i); in colors, refers
principally to increased saturation (with opposite
kandi). See also denmi, gusni, kandi, ruble, skari,
tilju, tsali, mutce, blabi, blanu, bunre, cicna, crino,
grusi, narju, nukni, pelxu, xekri, xunre, zirpu.)
carna’ivinji x1 is a helicopter for carrying x2,
propelled by x3. (Cf. vofli.)
carna [car] x1 turns/rotates/revolves
around axis x2 in direction x3. (Also revolve (=
jincarna). See also gunro, jendu.)
carpacib Rot-13. (Cf. mifra, mipri, vlali’i, lerpoi.)
cartu [cat] x1 is a chart/diagram/map
of/about x2 showing formation/data-points x3.
(See also platu.)
carvi [cav] x1 rains/showers/[precipitates]
to x2 from x3; x1 is precipitation [not limited to
’rain’]. (See also bratu, dilnu, santa, snime, tcima,
bisli, bumru.)
casnu [snu] x1(s) (mass normally, but 1 individual/jo’u possible) discuss(es)/talk(s) about
topic/subject x2. (Also chat, converse. See also
bacru, cusku, darlu, tavla.)
catke [ca’e] x1 [agent] shoves/pushes x2
at locus x3. (Move by pushing/shoving (=
ca’ermuvgau). (cf. danre for non-agentive force,
catlu [cta] x1 looks
at x2. (Also look through (= grecta, ravycta, bacycta); note that English ”look” often means a
more generic ”observe”. See also jvinu, minra,
simlu, viska, lanli, zgana, setca, viska.)
catni [ca’i] x1 has authority/is an official
in/on/over matter/sphere/persons x2 derived on
basis x3. (See also turni, tutra, krati, cmavo list ca’i,
jaspu, pulji.)
catnrpepiskopo j1 is the bishop/archbishop of
j2 of religion l1. (Cf. catni, jdatro.)
catra x1 (agent) kills/slaughters/murders x2 by
action/method x3. (See also morsi, xarci.)
catrymi’e m1 orders m2 to have c2 excecuted by
action/method c3. (Cf. catra, minde.)
catryseljibri x1 is a hitman. (Cf. zekri, bakcatra,
caucni cl1 = ci1 misses cl2 = ci3. (Cf. seicni.)
caurgau g1 (person/agent) deprives c1 of c2.
(Cf. caucni, seicni, nonkansa, pavysei, xagji, nitcu,
cau [BAI] claxu modal, 1st place lacked by ...
cavlu’i l1 (agent) showers l2. (Cf. cavysezlu’i,
lumci, carvi, jinsa, zbabu.)
cavyfle f1 = c1, consisting of f2, pours into f3 =
c2 from f4 = c3.
cavykosta k1 is a raincoat of material k2, protecting from rain c1. (Cf. tcima, bandu.)
cavysezlu’i l1 = s1 (agent) showers itself of
soil/contaminant l3 with cleaning material(s) l4.
(Cf. cavlu’i.)
caxmati x1 is a game of chess between x2
(white) and x3 (black).
caxno [cax] x1 is shallow in extent in direction/property x2 away from reference point x3 by
standard x4. (See also condi, tordu, jarki, cinla,
cmalu, jarki, jmifa.)
cazyfau f1 is actual (existing in act or reality, not
just potentially). (Cf. fasnu, ca’a, jetnu.)
cazyfusra f1 is rotten/decayed/fermented
with decay/fermentation agent f2. (Cf. kukfusra.)
ca [PU] time tense relation/direction: is [selbri]; during/simultaneous with [sumti]; present
ce’a [LAU] 2-word letteral/shift: the word
following indicates a new font (e.g. italics,
ce’e [CEhE] links terms into an afterthought
ce’i [cez] [PA3] digit/number: % percentage symbol, hundredths.
ce’o [ce’o] [JOI] non-logical connective: ordered sequence link; ”and then”, forming a sequence.
21celgunta cermurse
ce’u [KOhA8] pseudo-quantifier binding a
variable within an abstraction that represents an
open place.
cecla [cel ce’a] x1 launches/fires/shoots
projectile/missile x2, propelled by x3
[propellant/propulsion]. (Also: x1 is a
gun/launcher/cannon; x1 hurls/throws/casts
(more general than renro in that propulsion need
not be internal to x1). See also renro, danti, jakne,
jbama, spoja.)
cecmu [cem ce’u] x1 is a community/colony of organisms x2. (See also bende,
kulnu, natmi, tcadu, jecta, girzu.)
cedra x1 is an era/epoch/age characterized by
x2 (event/property/interval/idea). ((x2 interval
should be the defining boundaries; if merely a
characterizing period, the nature of the interval
should be expressed in an abstract bridi, or the
interval should be marked with tu’a; x2 may also
be characteristic object(s) or practices of the era, if
marked with tu’a); See also ranji, temci, citsi.)
cedrymi’u m1 = c1 is contemporary with/in the
same epoch/era as m2 by standard m3 (m1 = c1
and m2 interchangeable).
ceikri k1 believes (without evidence/proof) that
the god/deity c1 exists. (Cf. seljda, nalceikri,
ceirselxa’u x1 is a/the habitation/dwelling/house of god x2. (Cf. ceizda,
ceirsenpi c1 is an agnostic. (Cf. cevni, senpi,
nalceikri, lijda.)
ceizda z1 is the Heaven of religious community
c2. (Cf. ceirselxa’u, lijda.)
cei [CEI] selbri variable assignment; assigns
broda series pro-bridi to a selbri.
cekrpolo x1 is a polo shirt of material x2. (A Tshaped shirt with a collar, typically a two- or threebutton placket, and an optional pocket. Cf. creka.)
celga’a g1 = c2 is an arrow made of g2
fired/launched by c1. (Cf. cecla, grana, bagyce’a.)
celguntas x1 is Sagittarius [astronomical constellation/astrological sign]. (From shooter (=celgunta). The Babylonians identified Sagittarius as
the god Pabilsag, a strange centaur-like creature ˆ
firing an arrow from a bow.The sumerian name
may be translated as the ’Forefather’ or ’Chief
Ancestor’ (=barda dzena?). In Greek mythology,
Sagittarius is identified as a centaur: half human,
half horse.)
celgunta g1 (person/mass) attacks with
a projectile weapon/shoots victim g2 with
goal/objective g3 using launcher/gun c1 which
launches/fires/shoots projectile/missle c2 propelled by propellant/propulsion c3. (Cf. cecla,
celma’i x1 is December of year x2 in calendar
x3. (Cf. pavrelmasti, kanbyma’i, nanca.)
celxa’i xa1 = c1 is a gun/cannon/firearm for
use against xa2 by xa3, launching projectile c2 propelled by c3. (jvajvo; Gismu deep structure is ”cecla gi’e xarci”.)
cemlanzu l1 = c1 is a tribe with members including l1 according standard l3.
cemra’a s1 pertains to community s2 = c2 (Cultural gismu replacement lujvo for communities:
From gismu cecmu and srana)
cenba [cne] x1 varies/changes in property/quantity x2 (ka/ni) in amount/degree x3
under conditions x4. (Non-resultative, notnecessarily causal change. (cf. cenba which is nonresultative, galfi which is resultative and causal,
stika which is non-resultative and causal; stodi, zasni, binxo))
cenlai x1 is x2 percent of x3 in dimension/aspect x3. (Cf. ce’i.)
censa [ces] x1 is holy/sacred to person/people/culture/religion/cult/group x2. (See
also cevni, krici, latna, pruxi, lijda, sinma.)
centi [cen] x1 is a hundredth [1/100; 1  10
of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units).
(See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro,
kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, decti, dekto,
femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri,
milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso,
zepti, zetro.)
centre m1 = c1 is m2 = c2 centimeter(s) / hundredth(s) of a meter [metric unit] in length (default 1) measured in direction m3 = c3 by standard
x4 = m3. (Cf. navytre, centi, mitre.)
cerda [ced] x1 is an heir to/is to inherit x2
(object/quality) from x3 according to rule x4.
(Pedantically, inheriting an object should be a
sumti-raising (tu’a if non-abstract in x2) of inheriting loka ponse the object - the ownership of the
object (= posycerda, posyselcerda for unambiguous semantics). See also jgina.)
cermurse m1 = c1 is the dawn of day m2 = c2
at location m3 = c3. (Cf. vacmurse.)

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je_luo d'hishwards

Author:je_luo d'hishwards