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daiakszoiudhwnaks

celidsaan holbnaad logottejosl moduologrte nobrtesl podlsentedsl
segonuosu sceganifons zesaidolge zcemaidolib zhagaeisolgo
62件のコメント

[1080]
dnyeusymegrittemns
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1083]
dkoretehajimed ssjdne
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1084]
dmwmeqefointodayuoo sorewaayuudojisunniha
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1086]
dhitorinotokijanaatokuukiyondeoyoganaidaiyokujous
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1087]
doojikannoyurirusukagaiji tanosinndekuturoodeittekudasaaneds
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1088]
dsshuh aahtookyooekinaakounainaakekkohiroiteka syougyousufeesu stenfolinsetunaadu diitikads
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1090]
dnotogasyokuyokuyuusodsu
dbuwaqqnonamidaareasegayuu detekitendakarakandoonansuyoo
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1091]
dsuredoojittenanda doojiitibyouikanozurekantuidekinnokah yuusyoogakuseids
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1092]
dmajika keeiiaikawakaranteonsonannidemo reezaatokaakakranaahutuumeisikakah ititienkahyuu
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1093]
dddesodimzitba enterdedaanasisunadkimitodoisun
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1094]
dfakkusyukaafakkwsyuhakusyunaahanatumaridesuekoonaruh
dukert uuketuki uetuki ssitatuki uesodim saletaaisunitaatokaarurasidasiq
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1096]
dyakisobakaffuajitukewa suffasasyousyouni tukatterunowaissonandesukedonees
dosugabinegagasyousyou tyuunoosoosusu
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1097]
dsuibunnohoyuulitu gadasyyuukibutudeorge
orghasuibun dokomademoarukaranaas
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1099]
dlaisewabaleeninaritaisitaiki motiisaikoromnimodoretarayuu
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1100]
ddiss dokoh yuukatakotosugiyuu ammmamamamaababaa ffa mate dokowahgimonsi tukeeru tizudemodesereban
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1102]
dkangahaazaragawaridatariakikan fakkuga gomibakogawaridattari konbubinihukuroirematometensibatemotububundesuteeyuh
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1103]
dmunmunqtomansaiqdemunman manmundesuyokaayooun
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1104]
dsyasinkah sonoatomohanasikaketetasiiikawq lyokousya deatahitosyasin
dtorsudeiidesukakiiterugaeegowkotowarikatawsirandehogon joukyoukarasyasinwawakarugateemoterusakara
dteyukotokahdekotowataoremwzuraisiikjakahttanokah moitidikiitemitagayuukotowaqtteneddesun
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1106]
dmaikajoutaaka hudannara kotowaruni aatenokajouhenkakiitukerugahhhogonsb gaajintekanohongotukeeq
nandakara
diinjanekigarunakotowarudeyuu
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1107]
dmisosiruniwanandemo yasaiguzaiireruyuuu gesutogesutonasu
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1109]
dmwhoqqmqhoqq gehoqq kehoqq kehokehowkehokehos nikosnekos
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1110]
deinnaaniteaksoosejinihagoteemotomeruteka soretyoodakara kuububundewanaakamodakaraw
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1111]
dsinianogatakaanokayoomotaramimatigaadatta mouhatusisusi
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1112]
dsiyanihainna sikakunihisomuna siyanikansitewa mietenakerebaheekinaskis
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1113]
dmotonoitinikurebaiijan sokkaranaiokositemos
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1114]
daahakkiriseisineekaototaadonto hanasahanasikiketneemnnaayuu
d
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1115]
dakasiyakikuikataseekaikamo dasituyutukearikamo tenhurasobas nakarakkaranoonandetukeru
dhitasu demoumeekuikatasorededekiruyuu
dhanjyjukutokayuu hanyakihuhiitooridontamagodonnaa haffa eeyoytositejanaku sikakutositeirodoritositenotteru syoukujidetorusu
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1117]
dookonomiyakiwagohande susiwakeisyokuyuu
sakanakuunarasasimidanaau
dsudattegohanndeiffaifamonkaatensusis
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1119]
dmasanityoumisitebnnsi desusiosuwa moaziasu nahantoissyonikusareseumakuhanbunn teyuutokinoajini nitamodoga syougaris
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1120]
dmaitanokawaisawaijoudkiteeri soingne suannjeds yukkurinahounoyasurahigids
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1122]
dtyuugakuwkaranoaaeegokyousi seekakukimoskimoikarakoekimoinmadedasi
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1124]
dimihuni daredesukqaqqwwwwdaredasiw
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1126]
dmatigeeteruwakaretanogadookawa namekkudejanaku setuhensindendakara
dsyuubandemo buudemosoodasi tokinosindenwa desoko toojooooinessaagomadesu
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1127]
daaasafondomnikukangasugoijanaku atettatetikah
dsonosugeewakaruttaakeitekanandazon zaikandnankamessatikakusaikouseidmegnen
dnaasafom sugeedekiyasuite tatemonotoffarateeatte kigaootearu heiti asoberu renaikaa
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1128]
dskodiiaakomenanbanmekawa entoriigotonogaaurgatuusanluikeedewa blogissidanaau
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1130]
dialnnakaniirste etojigaanteearuimiwdandefrughadesasiiredasiiregasubnaa
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1131]
dlousui loodensuw
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1132]
dmayahahayaanzenkenganaaiyuuh
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1136]
dsittoriikukkiikaaamaamuakantoriiwaa
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1140]
dhttp://www.megavideo.com/?v=GXL6XAW0lezuttakokukhakukitaaomotayuga
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1141]
dkadffuliniuntyuudokukaa kyarajuusideus
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1143]
dsuaahsehanarereukotoganandemonakattanoniinakotohkaah
doddoosihtanohoooqoh rennaasaseteadefdgerebaiijan set loafemse
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1144]
duzakawaiius uzeeww
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1146]
dkekkyokutamagoireterua natoorannoonobubunnaa
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1147]
dgojukkaimazeruyuu
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1149]
daahiroinngenteew ineinnegenteewteienaindayogobidakaraaa
dakodeomoodasiderennkonn kobutekaajiganatooonotarenisitileiyuuww
dajiganandaka sonna nani wsyokuzainoseejaneesi
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1151]
ddeaagatadakedogyuunyuunigetesyoukadakedoo umaalatteisomsga dagaa soukansineesi
dnigategajijitusuatyougameg
doogataooiyuubokukei anglendergateyuunowa nanigatademo tiizu syokusitekitakaranomerudasohyuukotogakonklue
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1152]
dhafneudatosite josinolegtedesaseeteruifemnetetenakoto tukande
drunsodinanigamoikutekijanakutemostatennaasinijuuteka setttuakumedsuhyuu
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1153]
dkekkonaadaajoubu gatidesukah dottidesukah diileetdkaneeaakinnandayonaa aasoredekusugurihakejjujimenkaattamesaneetowakanneeyomitaana
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1156]
dburunaenkaageedasorew
dnaimunegahagesiiusse wakiaseeyuukaaehw
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1157]
dahiiunahiionkaaahekaoyuud
ds
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1160]
djjs juretoyuuzeliikudamonokuqdaqmoqnoqqsu
dsudokkadekiitayoonaserihuoo kyakurabaw refriknamads monalizaga dokkaramitemimeeatterukiisuuyuunetas
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1161]
dsomokakunoilegis logslogn o logn memorisiifiiyuuuteka fasegafacegayuusyuunandayo
dmit seikaku mit linkdenoids diihumanoids
dsausanusi oosanusigayuusyuunandayoyuu bunkaisaikouseimitfcyougonilniksniclnaa
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1162]
dtuintemeedohukutyakuyounabisyoujos gohousnloligads
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1164]
dnananiiyon dakaraiindatematteriurieruaadawa moosoositetanosindendakarayuu huankanwaukerukesdo jikanwatukaiksekkyokutekinaad
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1166]
dninsyou huuoh gobinoreberudekubetu yoyiisikininoboranai znomilcnaa dottinisirohyousoudaga
dcookeykook bytimsaaetyminui wa kousisiyawairudayooka isikikadayoyun
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1168]
dkekkonsurunarakooyuukodewaaruga aadolkekonsitetemo yuu
dsono aisiwatihkoekkonssurugasaaysyuukeetaijanaisi
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1172]
dnanigodeeritnakay sjidaagakawattesouteikawattemoboekhaboektoyuuterusi
dsyokogasyokohondejanakunattemotisikiazaisyodearebasinakawattemo iikatakaraean hitoniyotte
dtosyokakuangananioimeejisarerukawatomokaku iitatawaonajiteyu
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1179]
dsinmusitiikeewatabunomositrrosawakatterude jikankakarukaradame omoidoorininaranaisunigakete
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1180]
dlouliknimiatta miawanakutomo nihireeidemikeerikanaatomurideetageemuwaaawataames
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1203]
ddaksjemetnayuesyawaabitekitayudsu souteesitayoteesita keisikidekaatoujaanakattande
dsukosikiniiranakudemo masyumasqissuimasengakoteererenaiyuuwakedemosneesiw
deheheuheuh kyanmajika mesasukiyandakhan korewatuyouiiraabaldanaaau konnakyawakokkokyawakkokwakawaiikkoto
dkouyuugaarunjaadansiaadanihairenaaouh
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集
[1204]
dwilkomettefointele dakkyanteyuukawaiikotoaerundakara eundattara kareinakutemoiiwate
dkangeenakumonaiyonaads soryaanimedesumonoowwwww
dkaresidattara konnakawaikkotoaerundakara kawarinikanojowairanaikamotteomowaannakumonaanateomoyu
2011-06-01 投稿者 : lebnan URL 編集

jahaglaize
covlosefre hashuedos lobnuebav modsuelad nobsuegas mov-podnuehajas
semogisun scelavfooid zenosanngatt zcemosanngette zhalsanngeite
daiakszoiudhwnaks




emachanneldiiimajinalery me myefeliha tensidiianimeluc

edomuraddmodsuel




do lo jetvol
o
do lo je retainmaa sutun
do je hassen lassennietnaa
do jegt vorzen demegherzan

do jo mit herzen beeten corge lestyun ba dvc dcreokele


demoiste ea


p

(edit)
Root Meaning Derivatives
*pasto- solid Skr. पस्त्य (pastyá), Gm. festi/fest, Eng. fæst/fast Arm. հաստ (hast), Goth. 𐍆𐌰𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌽 (fastan), ON fastr
Pers. Bastan
*peg- breast Skr. पक्ष (pakṣá), Lat. pectus, Ltv. paksis, Russ. пах (pax), Toch. päśśäṃ/päścane, OIr. ucht
*peh₂- to protect Skr. पाति (pā́ti); pātram, Toch. pās/pāsk, Gk. pōy; pōma; ποιμήν (poimēn), Lat. pāstum, Gm. fōtar/Futter, Eng. fothor/; fōdder/, Lith. piemuō, Goth. fōdjan; fōdr, Av. pāiti, Pers. 𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎱𐎠𐎺𐎠 (xšaçapāvā)/پاییدن (pāyīdan), ON føða; fóðr, Arm. հորան (horan)
*peh₃i- to drink Russ. пить (pit'), Skr. पिबति (píbati), Gk. πίνω (pinō), Alb. pi, Ir. ibim/ibh, Welsh yfed, Lith. puota, Old Prussian poieiti, Hitt. pas, Thrac. pinon, Arm. ըմպել (ëmpel), Lat. bibere, Umbrian puni, OCS пити (piti), Pol. pić, poić
*peḱ- to pluck *peḱu- "cattle"; Gk. πόκος; πέκω (pekō), Lat. pecu; pecus, Lith. pekus, Old Prussian pecku, Skr. पशु (páśu), Kurd. pas, Av. pasu, Goth. 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐌷𐌿 (faihu), Eng. feoh/fee, ON fé, Gm. fihu/Vieh, Arm. ասր (asr), Gaul. equs
*pekʷ- to cook, become ripe Lat. coquere, Alb. pjek, Russ. пеку (peku), Skr. पचति (pácati), Toch. päk/päk, Welsh pobi, Gk. πέσσω (pessō), Kamviri puk, Lith. kepti, Ltv. cept, OCS pekǫ, Pol. piec, Pers. /پختن (pukhtan), Old Prussian pektis, Eng. āfigen/
*pel- flour Old Prussian pelwo, Lat. palea, Skr. पलाल (palāva), Lith. pelūs, Ltv. pelus, Russ. полова (polova)
*pel- gray Alb. plak, Arm. ալիք (alik'), Skr. पलित (palitá), Av. pouruša, Pers. /pūrū, Kurd. pêl, XMK pellus, Gk. πολιός (poliós); πελιτνός (pelitnós), Lat. palleō; pullus, Ir. liath, Welsh llwyd, Lith. pelekas, Ltv. pelēks, Old Prussian pelē, OCS плавъ (plavŭ), Russ. пелёсый (pelësyj), Pol. płowy, ON fǫlr, Gm. falo/falb, Eng. fealu/fallow
*pel- skin Gk. pélas; πέλμα (pelma), Lat. pellis, Russ. пелена (pelena), Goth. fill, Gm. fël/Fell, Eng. filmen/film, ON fjall, Lith. palà; plėnė, Ltv. plēne, Old Prussian pleynis
pelh₂- flat Hitt. palḫiš, Arm. հող (hoł); լայն (layn), Lith. plónas; platùs, Ltv. plãns; plañdît, Old Prussian plonis, Ir. lian/; lethan/; lethaid/, Welsh lleyn; llwyn; lledu, Eng. feld/field; /flat Gm. feld/feld, Gk. platýs; πλανάω (planaō); πλάσσω (plassō), Skr. पृथु (pṛthú), Av. fraθah, Lat. plānus, Russ. плоский (ploskij); nidar ploskŭ, OCS ploskŭ
*pent- road Lat. pons, Gk. πόντος (pontos), Skr. पथिन् (páthin), Av. pantå, Russ. путь (put'), Goth. 𐍆𐌹𐌽𐌸𐌰𐌽 (finþan), Eng. findan/find, Gm. findan/finden, ON finna, Arm. հուն (hun), Kamviri put, Old Prussian pentes, OIr. étain; áitt, OCS пѫть (pǫtĭ), Pers. paθim
*perd- to fart Russ. пердеть (perdet'), Pol. pierdzieć, Skr. पर्दते (párdate), Lith. persti, Ltv. pirst, Phryg. perdomai, Alb. pjerth; pordhë, Eng. feortan/fart, Gm. ferzan/furzen, ON freta, Gk. πέρδομαι (perdomai), Av. pərəðaiti, Welsh rhech
*perkʷu- oak see Perkwunos. Lat. quercus, Lith. Perkúnas, Ltv. pērkons, Skr. पर्कटी (parkaṭī), ON fura, Eng. furh/fir, Gm. foraha/Föhre, Welsh perth, Goth. faírguni, Alb. shpardh/shparr
*pers- dust Toch. pärs/pärs, Av. paršuya, Lith. purkšti, Ltv. pārsla, ON fors, Hitt. pappars, Skr. पृषत् (pṛ́ṣat), OCS прахъ (praxŭ), Russ. прах (prax)
*persn-eh₂- heel Lat. perna/pernis, Skr. पार्ष्णि (pā́rṣṇi), Hitt. parsina, Goth. fairsna, Gm. fërsana/Ferse, Gk. πτέρνη (pternē), Eng. fiersn/― , Pers. -/پاشنا (pāshnā), Lith. pentinas, Russ. пятка (p'atka)
*perḱ- rib Lith. pìršys, Skr. पर्शु (párśu), Av. parəsu, Osset. фарс (fars), OCS prŭsi, Alb. parz(ëm)
*pes- penis Gk. πέος (peos), Lat. pēnis, Gm. faselt/Fasel, ON fösull, Eng. fæsl/-, Skr. पसस् (pásas)
*pet- to fly Eng. feþer/feather, Gm. fedara/Feder, ON fjǫðr, Lat. peto; penna; accipiter, Skr. पतति (pátati), Hitt. pattar, Gk. πτερόν; πίπτω; πέτομαι (petomai); ōkupétēs, Welsh eterin, Pers. udapatatā/, Arm. թռչել (t'ṙčel); թիռ (t'iṙ), Ir. ette/; én/, Welsh edn, Av. pataiti, Ltv. pētīt, Alb. shpendë
*pet- to open arms Gk. petannýnai, Lat. patēre; pandere, Av. paθana, OPruss pettis, Lith. petỹs, Eng. fæðm/fathom, ON faðmr, Gm. fadam/Faden; fademōn/, Scottish Gaelic aitheamh, Welsh edau, Alb. pjetem, Hitt. pattar
*ph₂tḗr father Lat. pater, Oscan 𐌐𐌀𐌕𐌝𐌓 (patír), Umbrian 𐌈𐌖𐌐𐌀𐌕𐌄𐌓 (iupater), Gk. πατήρ (patēr), Toch. pācar/pācer,Alb. bace, Arm. հայր (hayr), Gaul. ātir; Ateronius, Skr. पितृ (pitṛ́), Gm. fater/Vater, Ir. athir/athair, Eng. fæder/father, Welsh gwaladr; edryd; edrydd; edryf, Kashmiri petū'r, Avest. ptā (dat. fədrōi), Pers. 𐎱𐎡𐎫𐎠 (pitā) / پدر (pedar), Osset. фыд (fyd)/fidæ, ON faðir, Goth. 𐍆𐌰𐌳𐌰𐍂 (fadar)
*pisd-eh₂- vulva Russ. пизда (pizdá), Lith. pyzdà, Ltv. pīzda, Alb. pidh, Nuristani pəṛí, Pol. pizda
*pleh₂k- to hit Lat. plangō; plága, Eng. flōk/fluke, Eng. flōcan/, Gk. plēgḗ; πλήσσω (plēssō), OCS plakati, Russ. плакать (plakat', "to weep"), Lith. plakti, Ir. lén; léssaim, Alb. ploje, Goth. flōkan, ON flókinn, Gm. fluoh/Fluch
*pleḱ- to plait/braid Gk. πλέκω (plekō); plokē, Lat. plectere; plicare, ON flétta, Goth. flahto, Gm. flehtan/flechten, Eng. fleohtan/; /flax; /flex, Skr. प्रश्न (praśna), Av. ərəzato frašnəm, OCS плєсти (plestí), Russ. плести (plestí), Alb. plah; plaf, Lith. pinti
*pléu-mon- lung Lat. pulmō; pulmōnis, Gk. πλεύμων (pleumōn), Skr. क्लोमन् (klóman), Lith. plaučiai, Ltv. plaušas, Russ. плюче (pljuče), Old Prussian plauti, Serb. pluća, Pol. płuco
*plus-, *psul-, *pusl-, *bʰlus- (the original form distorted by folk etymologies) flea Lat. pūlex, Lith. blusà, Ltv. blusa, Russ. блоха (blokhá), Arm. լու (lu), Skr. प्लुषि (plúṣi), Gk. ψύλλα (psýlla), Alb. plesht, Pashto vrāž.a, ON fló, Eng. flēah/flea, Gm. flōh/Floh, Yidgha frīgo, Pol. pchła
*pénkʷe five Old Prussian pēnkjāi, Lith. penki, Ltv. pieci, Goth. fimf, Gm. fimf/fünf, Eng. fīf/five, ON fimm, Phryg. pinke, Gk. πέντε (pénte), Arm. հինգ (hing), Av. paṇča, Alb. pesë/pês, Kashmiri pā.~tsh, Kamviri puč, Luw. panta, Osset. фондз (fondz), Pers. پنج (panj), OCS пѧть (pętĭ), Russ. пять (pjat'), Skr. पञ्चन् (páñcan), Toch. päñ/piś, Lat. quinque, Oscan pompe, Umbrian 𐌐𐌖𐌌𐌐𐌄 (pumpe), Welsh pump, Ir. cóic/cúig, Gaul. pempe
*pneu- to breathe Gk. πνεῦμα (pneuma), ON fnýsa, Eng. fnēosan/sneeze Gm. fnehan/
*pṓds foot Lith. pėda, Ltv. pēda, Lat. pēs, Umbrian 𐌐𐌄𐌛𐌉 (peři), Skr. पद् (pád), Eng. fōt/foot, Arm. ոտ (ot), հետ (het). Gk. πούς (pous), Alb. poshtë; për-posh, Toch. peṃ/paiyye, Osset. фад (fad), Gm. fuoz/Fuß, OCS pēs, Russ. пеший (pešij), Old Prussian pe'da', Hitt. pata, Lyc. pede-, Luw. pati-, Av. pâdha, ON fótr, Goth. 𐍆𐍉𐍄𐌿𐍃 (fotus), Pers. 𐎱𐎠𐎭 (pāda) / پا (pā), Gaul. candetum, MIr. ined, XMK argiopus
*poymno- foam Lat. pūmex; spuma, Lith. spaine, Skr. फेन (phéna), OCS pĕna, Russ. пена (pena), Pol. piana, Eng. fām/foam, Gm. feim/Feim, Osset. фынк (fynk), Old Prussian spoayno
*porḱo- farrow Lat. porcus, Gk pórkos, Lith. paršas, Old Pruss. parstian, Russ. поросята (porosjata), Pol. prosić się, Eng. fearh/farrow, Ir. orc/orcán, Gm. farah/Ferkel, Umbrian purka, Kurd. purs, Saka pāsa
*pray- to like Skr. प्रीणाति (prīṇā́ti), OCS prĕjǫ, Russ. прижать (prižat'), Pol. przać (Silesian regionalism), Ltv. prieks, Gk. πρᾶος (praos), Av. frā/, Goth. freis; frijōn, Eng. /free; frēond/friend, Gm. friunt/Freund, ON Frigg, Welsh rhydd, Ir. ríar/
*preu- to jump Russ. прыгать (prygat'), Skr. प्रवते (pravate), Gm. frosc/Frosch, Eng. frogga/frog, ON froskr, Lith. sprūgstu/sprūgti, Alb. fryj, Pers. (paredan) پریدن
*preḱ- to ask, to pray Lat. poscō, Toch. prak/prek, Skr. पृच्छति (pṛccháti), Arm. հարց (harc'), OCS prositi, Russ. просить (prosit'), Lith. piršti, Ltv. pirstlis, Gm. frāga/fragen; forscōn/forschen, Eng. frignan/―, ON fregna, Goth. fraihnan, Pers. fraθ- / پرسیدن (pursīdan), Av. pərəsaiti, Oscan aparsam, MWelsh erchi/archaf, Ir. arco/, Toch. pärk/prek, Umbrian pepurkurent
*prih₁-mó- / *prō-to- foremost
(-> first) Alb. parë, Av. parvō, Lith. pirmas, Ltv. pirmais, Gm. furist/Fürst; fruo/früh, Eng. fyrst/first, Gk. πρότερος (proteros), Hitt. para, Ir. rem/roimh, Kamviri pürük, Lyc. pri, OCS pĭrvŭ, Oscan perum, ON fyrstr, Old Prussian pariy, Osset. фыццаг (fyccag, "first"); фараст (farast, "nine"), Russ. первый (pervyj), Skr. pūrvā; प्रथम (prathamá), Toch. parwät/parwe, Lat. primus, Umbrian pert, Welsh rwyf, OIr. arsaid
*psten- breast Gk. στῆθος (stēthos), Arm. ստին (stin), Skr. स्तन (stána), Av. fštāna, Lith. spenys, Ltv. spenis, ON speni, Gm. spunni/Spanferkel, Ir. sine/sine, Old Pruss. spenis, Pers. /پستان (pestān), Eng. spane/
*puhr- wheat Skr. पूर (pūra), Gk. πυρός (puros)/, Lith. pūrai, Ltv. pūŗi, Old Prussian pure, Eng. fyrs/furze, OCS pyre, Russ. пырей (pyrej)
*pulh₂- hair Skr. pulakās; (पुलस्ति (pulastí), पुलक (pulaka)), Ir. ul/ulcha, Gk. pýligges; (πυλεών (puleōn)), Kurd. pūr, Pashto pal
*péh₂wr̥- (gen. *ph₂un-ós) bonfire Hitt. 𒉺𒀪𒄯 (paḫḫur), Toch. por/pūwar, Gk. πῦρ (pýr), Umbrian pir, ON fúrr, Eng. fȳr/fire, Czech pyr, Arm. հուր (hur), Gm. fiur/Feuer, Old Prussian panno, Oscan purasiai, Goth. 𐍆𐍉𐌽 (fōn)
[edit]b

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*bak- staff Gk. βάκτρον (baktron), Lat. baculum, Ir. bacc/bac, Welsh bach, Eng. /peg, Lith. bàkstelėti, Ltv. bakstīt
*bel- power, strength Skr. बल (bálam), Gk. βελτίων (beltíōn), Ir. adbal/dibeal, balc/bailc, Welsh balch, Russ. большой (bol'šój), Kamviri bâlim, Phryg. balaios; balén, Low German pal, OCS bolĭjĭ, Lat. debilis
[edit]bʰ

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*bʰabʰ-eh₂- bean Old Prussian babo, Russ. боб (bob), Polish bób, Alb. bathë, Gm. bona/Bohne, Du. boon, Eng. bēan/bean, Welsh ffâen, ON baun, Lat. faba
*bʰar-es- spelt Phryg. brisa, Eng. bereliċ/barley, Oscan far, Umbrian far, Lat. far; farina, Welsh bara, Goth. barizīns, ON barr, Alb. bar OCS брашьно (brašĭno), Gk Phéron
*bʰardʰ-eh₂- beard Lith. barzda, Ltv. bārda, Eng. beard/beard, Du. baard, Gm. bart/Bart, Welsh barf, Polish broda, Russ. борода (boroda), ON barðr, Crimean Gothic bars, Lat. barba
*bʰeh₂go- beech Gm. buohha/Buche, Du. beuk, Lat. fagus, Gk. φηγός (phēgos), Eng. bēċe/beech, ON bók, Gaul. Bāgācon, Russ. бузина (buzina), Polish buk, Gothic 𐌱𐍉𐌺𐌰 (bōka), Alb. bung, Kurd bûz, Arm bown
*bʰey- bee Eng. bēo/bee, Du. bij, Lith. bitė, Ltv. bite, Ir. bech/bech, Russ. пчела (pčela), Gm. bīa/Biene, Polish pszczoła, Old Prussian bitte, Welsh begegyr, Gaul. bekos, ON bý, OCS бъчєла (bŭčela), Lat. fūcus
*bʰel- light, bright Gaul. Belenos, Lith. balnas; baltas, Ltv. balts, Skr. भर्ग (bhárga); भाल (bhāla), Phryg. falos, Alb. bal,balosh, Illyr. balta, Arm. բալ (bal), Gk. φλέγω (phlegō); φαλός (phalos), ON bāl; blár; bleikr, Russ. белый (belyj), Polish biały, Eng. bǣl/balefire; bald, Gm. belihha/bleich; Du. bleek; blāo/blau, Goth. bala, Ir. béal/; ball/; blár/, Welsh bal; blawr, Thrac. balios, Old Prussian ballo, Lat. fulica; flāvus; fulgeō, Oscan Flagiúi; Flaviies, Toch. pälk/pälk
*bʰel- to bloom Lat. folium; flōs, Gk. φύλλον (phullon), Eng. blōstm/blossom, Ir. bláth, Gm. bluomo/Blume, Du. bloemen, ON blómi, Toch. pält/pilta, MWelsh blawd, Goth. blōma, Oscan Fluusaí, Alb. bulë; bilonjë
*bʰenǵʰ thick Gm. bungo/Bunge, Ltv. bìezs, Toch. B pkante, Hitt. panku, Gk. παχύς (pakhus)/, Skr. बहु (bahú), Av. bązah, ON bingr
*bʰer- brown, shining Ltv. bērs; bebrs, Lith. bėras; bebras, Old Prussian bebrus, Gaul. Bibrax, Welsh befer, Eng. brūn/brown; bera/bear; beofer/beaver, Du. bruin/beer/bever, Gm. brūn/braun; bero/Bär; bibar/Biber, ON brúnn; bjǫrn; bjórr, Skr. भाति (bhā́ti), Av. bawra, Lat. fiber, Russ. бобр (bobr), Toch. parno/perne; paräṁ/perne
*bʰer- to bear / carry Skr. भरति (bhárati), Av. baraiti, Russ. брать (brat’), Ir. berid/beir, Welsh cymmeryd, Arm. բերել (berel), Alb. bie; mbart, Gk. φέρω (pherō), Lat. ferō, Umbrian fertu, Eng. beran/bear, Du. baren, Gm. burde/Burde, Toch. pär/pär, Lith. berti, Ltv. bērt, Kamviri bor, Phryg. ber, Goth. 𐌱𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌰𐌽 (bairan), ON bera, OCS бьрати (bĭrati), Pers. baratuv/bār, Polish brać, Hitt. kapirt
*bʰer- to boil Alb. brumë, Gaul. Voberā, OIr. bréo; bruth; berbaim, Welsh brwd; brewi, Eng. brǣþ/breath; /broth; /brew; beorm/, Du. broder/braden, Gm. brādam/Brodem; braten, ON bráðr, Gk. φύρδην μίγδην (phurdēn-migdēn); phréār; porphurein, Lat. fervēo; fermentum; dēfrutum, Skr. भुरति (bhuráti); bhurnih
*bʰeres- lively Russ. борзой (borzoj), Lith. bruzdùs, Welsh brys, MIr. bras, Polish bardzo, OCS брьзо (brĭzo), Lat. festīnō; fastenus; confestim
*bʰerǵʰ- fort Russ. берег (bereg), Eng. burg/borough, Arm. բարձր (barjr), Skr. बर्हयति (barháyati), Av. bərəz(ant), Gaul. Bergusia, Du. [[burg]/burcht, Gm. berg/Burg, Hitt. parku; en-park, Toch. pärk/pärk, Thrac. Berga, Goth. baírgahī, ON bjarg; borg, Pers. burj, MIr. brí, Illyr. Berginium, Gk. πύργος (purgos), Welsh bre; bera, Lyc. prije; pruwa, Lat. fortis, Alb. breg
*bʰerǵʰ- to hide, protect OCS brĕgą Russ. беречь (bereč'), Eng. byrġan/bury, Du. bergen, ON bjarga, Goth. bairgan, Gm. bergan/bergen
*bʰewdʰ- to wake, rise up Skr. बोधति (bódhati); बुद्ध (buddha), Lith. budinti, Ltv. budīt, Old Prussian budē, Av. buiðyeiti, Ir. buide/buidhe, Welsh bodd, ON bjóða; boð, Gk. πυνθάνομαι (punthanomai), Eng. bēodan/bid; bodian/bode, Du. bieden/bod, Kamviri bidi, Russ. будить (budit'), Polish budzić, OCS блюсти (bljusti), Gm. biotan/bieten; gibot/Gebot, Goth. 𐌰𐌽𐌰𐌱𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰𐌽 (anabiudan), Pers. /bēdār-šudan
*bʰuh₂- to appear, become, rise up Skr. भू (bhū́); भवति (bhávati), Lith. būti, Ltv. būt, Old Prussian būton, Russ. быть (byt'), Ir. buith/beith, Eng. bēon/be, Du. ben/bent, Gm. bim/bin, Kamviri bu, Polish być, Welsh bod, Gk. φύομαι (phuomai), Oscan fiiet, Umbrian fust, Pers. būmī/bum, Av. bavaiti, Alb. buj, Arm. բույս (buys), Illyr. Bumi, Thrac. Kasibounon, Goth. bauan, Gaul. Vindobios, Toch. pyotk/pyautk, ON búa, OCS бꙑти (byti), Lat. fuī
*bʰleh₁- to bleat Alb. blegëras, Lith. bliauti, Ltv. blēt, Eng. blǣtan/bleat, Du. blaten, Gk. βελάζο (belazō), Russ. блеять (blejat'), Lat. fleō
*bʰlēyǵ- to shine Ltv. bližģēt, Lith. blaikštytis, Eng. blīcan/bleach, Du. bleek, Gm. blīhhan/Blech, ON blíkja, Russ. блеск (blesk), OCS блискъ (bliskŭ), Gk phlégein, Lat. fulgēo; flagro, MIr blicht; imblissiu, Skt bhrájati; bharga, Toch. pälk/; polkāṃts/
*bʰosó- naked Russ. босой (bosoj), Lith. basas, Ltv. bass, Arm. բոկ (bok), Eng. bær/bare, ON berr, Goth. bazis, Gk. ψιλός (psilos), Polish boso, Gm. bar/bar, OCS босъ (bosŭ)
*bʰred- to wade Alb. bredh, Ltv. brist; bridu, Lith. bristi; bredu, Russ. брести (bresti), Polish brnąć, Thrac. Bredai
*bʰruh- beam, bridge Gaul. brīva, Eng. brycg/bridge, Gm. brugga/Brücke, ON brú, Russ. бревно (brevno), Polish birzwno, OCS брьвьно (brĭvĭno)
*bʰruh- brow Skr. भ्रू (bhrū), Lith. bruvis, Ir. brú/brúad/bruach, Eng. brū/brow, Du. brouwen, Russ. бровь (brov'), Anc. Maced. abroútes, Gk. ὀφρύς (ophrus), Gm. Braue, Toch. pärwāṃ/pärwāne, Lithbruvìs, Old Prussian wubri, Polish brew, OCS брьвьми (brĭvĭmi), ON brún, Avest. brvat, Pers. /ابرو (abru)
*bʰréh₂tēr brother Arm. եղբայր (eġbayr), Eng. brōþor/brother, Du. broeder, Kashmiri boy, Umbrian fratrom, Gk. φράτηρ (phrātēr), Toch. pracar/procer, Kamviri bṛo, Russ. брат (brat), Gm. bruoder/Bruder, Welsh brawd, Skr. भ्रातृ (bhrā́tṛ), Ir. bráthir/bráthair, Lith. brolis, Ltv. brālis, Gaul. brātir, Pers. 𐎲𐎼𐎠𐎫𐎠 (brātā) / برادر (barādar), Phryg. βρατερε (bratere), Illyr. bra, Goth. 𐌱𐍂𐍉𐌸𐌰𐍂 (brōþar), ON bróðir, Old Prussian brāti, OCS братръ (bratrŭ), Osset. ærvad/, Av. brātar, Oscan fratrúm, Polish brat, Venetic vhraterei, Lyd. 𐤡𐤭𐤠𐤱𐤭𐤳𐤦𐤳 (brafrsis), Kurd. bra, Lat. frāter
*bʰudʰ-no-, *bʰudʰ-mn̥- bottom Skr. बुध्न (budhná), Av. bŭnō, Arm. անդունդ (andund)/բուն (bun) , Ir. bond/bonn, Gk. πυθμήν (puthmēn), Lat. fundus, Gm. bodam/boden, Du. bodem, Eng. botm/bottom, ON botn, Welsh bôn, Pers. /بن (bun).
*bʰuHgos- goat Av. būza. Pers. /بز (boz), Arm. բուծ (buç), Ir. bocc/boc, Welsh bwch, ON bukkr, Eng. buc/buck, Du. bokken/bok, Gm. boc/Bock, Gaul. bucca
*bʰérh₁ǵo- birch Russ. берёза (berjoza), Gm. birihha/Birke, Du. berk, Bulgarian бреза (breza), Polish brzoza, Lith. beržas, Ltv. bērzs, Osset. бæрз (bærz), Skr. भूर्ज (bhūrja), ON bjǫrk, Old Prussian berse, Eng. birce/birch, Thrac. berzas, OCS breza, Lat. frāxinus
[edit]t

(edit)
Root Meaning Derivatives
*tag- to touch Eng. þaccian/, Gk. τεταγών (tetagōn), Gaul. Taximagulus, Ir. taise/tais, Lat. tangō
*tark- to twist Skr. तर्कु (tarkús), Old Prussian tarkue, Russ. торок (torok), Toch. tark/tärk, Gk. ἄτρακτος (átraktos), Lat. torqueō, Gm. drāhsil/drechseln, Alb. tjerr, Ir. torc/, Welsh torri, Eng. þweorh/thwart, Polish troki
*teh₂w- to melt OCS tajetŭ, Russ. таять (tajat'), Osset. тайын (thayun), Eng. þawian/thaw, Gm. thouwen/verdauen, Arm. թանալ (t'anal); թան (t'an), Gk. τήκω (tēkō), Lat. tabēre, ON þeyja, Welsh tawdd; toddi, Ir. tám/, Skr. तोयम् (toyam), Lith. tyras, Ltv. tīrelis, Polish tajać
*temó- dark Skr. तमस् (támas), Lith. tamsa; tamsus, Ltv. timt, Lat. tenebrae; temere, Av. təmah, OCS tĭmĭnŭ, Russ. тёмный (tjomnyj), Ir. temel/teimheal, Gm. demar/Dämmerung; dinstar/, Polish ciemny, Alb. terr, Av. temah, Pers. tār, Toch. /tamāsse, Illyr. Tomaros
*ténh₂us thin Lat. tenuis, Ir. tanae/tanaí, OCS tĭnŭkŭ, Russ. тонкий (tonkij), Skr. तनु (tanu), Gk. τανυ- (tany), Eng. þynne/thin, Gm. thunni/dünn, Pol. cienki, ON þunnr, Av. tanū, Pers. tanuk/tan, Lith. tévas, Ltv. tiêvs
*tep- warm Alb. ftoh/ftof, Hitt. tapašša, Ir. té; ten; timme, Welsh tân; twym, ON þefr, Eng. þefian/, Gm. duft/Duft; deftig, Skr. tápas; तपति (tápati), Av. tafnah; tāpaiti, Pers. tab; tafte(h), Lat. tepēre; tepor, Polish ciepły, Russ. тёплый (tjoplyj), OCS teplostĭ
*ter / *tero over, through Eng. þurh/through, Gm. durh/durch, Goth. þaírh, Lat. trāns, Russ. через (čerez), Umbrian traf, Skr. तिरस् (tirás), Av. tarō, Ir. tar/, Welsh tre/tri
*ter- to cross over Gk. τέρθρον (terthron), Alb. shtir, Hitt. tarḫzi, Skr. तरति (tarati), Gm. dremil/, Kamviri târa, Av. tar, Pers. viyatārayāma/, Osset. tærin, Illyr. Taros, Arm. թարմ (t'arm), Lat. terminus, Umbrian termnome, Oscan teremenniú, ON þrǫmr
*ter- to shake, tremble *trem- Alb. tremb, Grk. τρέμω (trémō); τρόμος (trómos), Lat. tremō, Lith. trimti, Ltv. tremt, Toch. träm-/tremi
*tres- Av. trərəsaiti, Grk. τρέω (tréō), Ir. tarrach/, Lat. terrēre, Lith. trišu, Ltv. trisēt, OCS tręsǫ, Skr. त्रसति (trasati)
*ters- dry Skr. तृष्यति (tṛṣyati), Av. taršu; taršna, Arm. թառամել (taṙamel); թարշամել (taršamel), Gk. τέρσομαι (tersomai)/, Alb. ter, Lat. terra; torrēre, Ir. tart/; tír/, Eng. þurst/thirst, Gm. durri/dürr, Goth. þaursus, ON þurr, Lith. trōkšti, Kashmiri treśiho.t
*teter- grouse Lat. turtur, Russ. тетерев (teterev), Polish cietrzew, Lith. tetervà, Ltv. teteris, Skr. तित्तिर (tittirá), Gk. tétrax; tétaros; τετράων (tetráōn), MIr. tethra, ON þiðurr, Arm. տատրակ (tatrak), Old Prussian tatarwis, Pers. tadharv
*teut-eh₂- tribe Gaul. touta, Oscan touto, Umbrian totam, Old Prussian tauto, Ir. túath, Illyr. Teuta, Hitt. tuzzi, Lyc. tuta, Lith. tauta, Ltv. tauta, Eng. þēod/, Gm. diutisc/Deutsch, Goth. þiuda, ON þjóð
*teḱs- to plait Lat. textō, Lith. tašýti, Ltv. tešu, Gk. téchnē; τέκτων (téktōn), Russ. тесла (tesla), Skr. तक्षति (tákṣati); tákṣan, Av. tašaiti; taša, Pers. ustašana/taš; tožel, OCS tešǫ; tesla, Hitt. takš, ON þexla, Gm. dehsa/Dachs, Ir. tál/, Alb. teshë; tollë
*tong- to think Alb. tangë/tângë, Eng. þencan/think, Gm. thenken/denken, Lat. tongēo, Oscan tanginúd, ON þekkja, Toch. tuṅk/taṅkw, Goth. þangkjan, Welsh tank, Ir. di-thech/; for-tach/; fortoing/
*treb- dwelling Lat. trabēs; tribus, Oscan trííbúm, Umbrian tremnu, Lith. trobà, Ltv. traba, Eng. þorp/thorp, Gm. thorf/Dorf, ON þorp, Gk. τέρεμνον (teremnon), Welsh tref, MIr. treb
*treud- to press Lat. trūdō, Alb. tredh; ndrydh, MWelsh cythrud, MIr. trott, Eng. þrēat/threat, Gm. firthriogan/verdrießen, ON þrjóta, Goth. usþriutan, OCS trudŭ; truždǫ, Russ. труд (trud)
*trosdo- thrush Lat. turdus, Lith. strazdas, Ltv. strazds, OCS drozdŭ, Russ. дрозд (drozd), Pol. drozd, ON þrǫstr, Eng. þrysce/thrush, Gm. thrōskala/Drossel, Ir. truit/truid, Welsh drudw(y), Gk. στρουθός (stroûthos)
*tréyes, tri- [prefix] three Arm. երեք (erek'), Alb. tre/tri, Lith. trys, Ltv. trīs, Gaul. treis, Gm. drī/drei, Eng. þrēo/three, Gk. τρεῖς (treis), Hitt. tri-, Av. θri, Illyr. tri-, Ir. treí/trí, Kashmiri tre, Lyc. trei, Kamviri tre, Oscan 𐌕𐌓𐌝𐌔 (trís), ON þrír, Old Prussian tri, Osset. æртæ (ærtæ), Pers. çi/se, OCS trĭje, Polish trzy, Russ. три (tri), Skr. त्रि (tri), Toch. tre/trai, Lat. trēs, Umbrian 𐌕𐌓𐌉𐌚 (trif), Goth. þreis, Welsh tri, Phryg. thri-
*twék-o- skin Skr. त्वचस् (tvacas), Hitt. tuekkas, Gk. σάκος (sakos), Kurd. twékl(e)
*télpo- space Skr. तल्प (tálpa), Lith. tilpti; telpù; talpà, Ltv. tilpt; telpu, Russ. толпа (tolpa), Toch. tsälp/tälp, Ir. -tella/; do-alla/
*tón-r̥- thunder Eng. þunor/thunder, ON þórr, Gm. Donar/Donner, Lat. tonāre, Gk sténein; ténnei, Skr. तन्यति (tányati), Pers. tundar, Pashto taṇā, Ir. torand/torann, W taran, Russ. stón, OCS stenati, Lith. stenéti
*túH₁s-ont- a massive number
(-> thousand) Gm. þūsunt/tausend, Eng. þusend/thousand, Goth. þusundi, Lith. tūkstantis, Ltv. tūkstots, OCS tysǫšti, ON þúsund, Polish tysiąc, Russ. тысяча (tysjača), Toch. tumane/tmām
[edit]d

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*deh₁- to bind Alb. duaj, Gk. δέω (deō), Skr. द्यति (dyáti), Av. nī.diiātąm
*deh₂iwer- husband's brother Skr. देवृ (devṛ́), Russ. деверь (dever'), Polish dziewierz, Lith. dieveris, Ltv. dieveris, Gm. zeihhur/―, Eng. tācor/―, Gk. δαήρ (daēr), Arm. տայգր (taygr), OCS дѣвєрь (děverĭ), Kurd. diš
*deh₃- to give Russ. дать (dat'), Arm. տալ (tal), Lith. duoti, Ltv. dot; deva, Skr. ददाति (dádāti), Av. dadāiti, Osset. дæттын (dættyn), Alb. dhashë, Gk. δίδωμι (didōmi), Kashmiri dẏyūn, Polish dać, Phryg. dadón, Old Prussian dātwei, Lat. dō, Oscan dede, Umbrian dadad, Ir. dán/, Welsh dawn, Hitt. dā, Lyc. da, Luw. da-, Lyd. da-, Gaul. doenti, OCS дати (dati), Pers. 𐎭𐎭𐎠𐎬𐎺 (dadātuv) / دادَن (dādan)
*dem-h₂- to domesticate, tame Skr. दाम्यति (dāmyati), Gk. δαμνάω (damnaō), Ir. damnaim/, Hitt. damaašzi, Av. dam, Lat. domō, Eng. tam/tame, Gm. zemmen/zähmen, Goth. gatamjan, ON temja, Osset. домын (domyn, "educate, bring up"), Pers. /دام (dām), Welsh addef
*deuk- to lead Alb. nduk, Eng. togian/tow, Gm. ziohan/ziehen, Goth. tiuhan, ON toginn, Gk. ἀδευκής/ (adeukēs/), Lat. dūcō
*deḱs- right (direction) Gaul. Dexsiva, Lat. dexter, Umbrian destrame, Lith. dešinė, Av. dašina, Alb. djathtë, Gm. zeso/, Welsh deheu, Oscan destrst, Gk. δεξιός (deksios), Skr. दक्षिण (dákṣiṇa), Goth. taíhswa, Ir. dech/, Toch. täk/, OCS дєснъ (desnŭ), Russ. десница (desnitsa), Kashmiri dạchūn
*diks- goat Alb. dhi, Eng. ticcen/, Gm. ziga/Ziege, Arm. տիկ (tik), Wakhi tiγ, Ishkashmi dec
*dhǵʰyes- yesterday Eng. geostran/yesterday, Alb. dje, Skr. ह्यस् (hyás), Av. zyō, Pers. diyaka/دیگ (dīg), Gk. χθές (khthes), Lat. herī, Welsh ddoe, Ir. indhé/an(d)é, Goth. gistradagis, ON í gǽr, Gm. gesteron/gestern
*dlegʰ- to engage oneself Ir. dliged/dlígheadh, Welsh dyled, Eng. pleġian/play; pliht/plight, Gm. pflegan/pflegen; pfliht/Pflicht, Lat. indulgēre; plevium, Russ. долг (dolg), Polish dług, OCS дльгъ (dlĭgŭ)
*dluh₂gʰó- long Hitt. dalugaes, Russ. долгий (dolgij), Lith. ilgas, Ltv. ilgs, Skr. दीर्घ (dīrghá), Av. darəga, Welsh dala, Lat. longus, Gaul. Loggostalētes, Pers. 𐎭𐎼𐎥 (darga) / دراز (darāz, dirāz), Eng. lang/long; lencten/lent, Gm. lang/lang; lenzo/Lenz, ON langr, Goth. laggs, Alb. gjatë, Gk. δολιχός (dolikhos), Old Prussian ilgi, Ir. long/, OCS длъгъ (dlŭgŭ), Polish długi, Welsh dal, Kashmiri dūr
*dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s tongue Lat. lingua, Ir. tenge/teanga, Eng. tunge/tongue, Goth. 𐍄𐌿𐌲𐌲𐍉 (tuggō), ON tunga, Skr. जिह्वा (jihvā́), Av. hizvā, Russ. язык (jazyk) Lith. liežuvis, Arm. լեզու (lezu), Gm. zunga/Zunge, Welsh tafod, Kamviri dic, Pers. hizbāna/زَبان (zabān), Old Prussian insuwis, Toch. käntu/kantwo
*dṓm, *dómos house Skr. दम (dáma), Av. dąm, Gk. δόμος (domos), Lat. domus, Russ. дом (dom), Polish dom, Eng. timber/timber, Gm. zimbar/Zimmer, ON timbr, Umbrian dâmoa, Arm. տուն (tun), Lith. namas, Ltv. nams, Welsh tŷ, Toch. tam/täm
*dous- forearm Skr. दोस् (dós), Av. daoš, Ir. doít/doíd, Lith. dilbis, Ltv. paduse, Russ. пазуха (pazuxa), Pers. /دوش (doš)
*dra- to run Skr. द्राति (drā́ti), Russ. удирать (udirat'), Gk. ἀπόδρασις (apodrasis); δρόμος (dromos), Illyr. Dravos, Lith. drebėti, Gm. /Trappel, Goth. anatrimpan, Av. draonah
*drem- to sleep Russ. дремать (dremat'), Skr. द्रायति (drāyati), Gk. δαρθάνω (darthanō)/, Lat. dormiō, Arm. տարտամ (tartam), Polish drzemać, OCS dremlju
*dus- to fail Skr. दुष्यति (duṣyati), Av. duš, Gk. δέω (deō), Ir. do-/, Arm. ետևը (etevë), Goth. tuz-, ON tjón, Eng. tēona/, Gm. zur-/, OCS дъждь (dŭždĭ), Russ. дождь (dožd'), Polish deszcz, Pers. dušiyaram/,
*dwóh₁, *dwó two Arm. երկու (erku), Alb. dy/dy, Lith. du/dvi, Ltv. divi, Gaul. vo, Gm. zwene/zwei, Eng. twā/two, Gk. δύο (duō), Av. duua, Hitt. dā-, Ir. dá/dó, Kashmiri zū', Lyc. tuwa, Kamviri dü, Lat. duo, Oscan 𐌃𐌖𐌔 (dus), ON tveir, Old Prussian dwāi, Osset. дыууæ (dyuuæ)/duuæ, Pers. duva/دو (do), OCS дъва (dŭva), Polish dwa, Russ. два (dva) (dva), Skr. द्व (dvá), Toch. wu/wi, Umbrian 𐌕𐌖𐌚 (tuf), Goth. twai, Welsh dau
*dáḱru- tear
(drop from eye) Gk. δάκρυ (dakru), Gm. zahar/Zähre, Eng. tēar/tear, Skr. अश्रु (áśru), Old Lat. decrimare, Lat. lacrima, Lith. ašara, Ltv. asara, Welsh deigryn, Ir. dér/déar, Toch. ākär/akrūna, Goth. 𐍄𐌰𐌲𐍂 (tagr), ON tár, Arm. արտօսր (artōsr), Av. asrūazan
*déi-no- day Russ. день (den'), Ir. denus/, Lith. diena, Ltv. diena, Skr. दिन (diná), Lat. diēs, Alb. gdhin, Welsh dydd, Polish dzień, Ir. día/dia, Goth. sintīns, Old Prussian deinan, Eng. lencten/lent, Gm. lenzo/Lenz, OCS дьнь (dĭnĭ)
*déyw-o- god, i.e. 'shining' Skr. देव (devá), Av. daēva, Lat. deus, Lith. dievas, Ltv. dievs, Old Prussian deiws, Oscan diúveí, Umbrian di, Gaul. Dēvona, Gk. Ζεύς (Zeus), Phryg. tios, Russ. диво (divo), Polish dziw, Kamviri di, Eng. Tiw/Tuesday, Gm. Ziu/―, ON Týr, Goth. Tyz, Welsh duw, Ir. día/día, Lyc. ziw, Luw. tiwat-, Lyd. Divi-, Palaic tiyaz, Arm. տիվ (tiv), OCS дивъ (divŭ)
*déḱm̥t ten Arm. տասն (tasn), Alb. dhjetë/dhetë, Lith. dešimt, Ltv. desmit, Gaul. decam, Gm. zēhen/zehn, Dacian dece-, Eng. tīen/ten, Gk. δέκα (deka), Av. dasa, Ir. deich/deich, Kashmiri da.h, Kamviri duc, Lat. decem, Oscan 𐌃𐌄𐌊𐌄𐌍 (deken), ON tíu, Old Prussian desīmtan, Osset. дæс (dæs)/dæs, Pers. daθa/ده (dah), OCS дєсѧть (desętĭ), Polish dziesięć, Russ. десять (desjat'), Skr. दश (dáśa), Toch. śäk/śak, Umbrian 𐌃𐌄𐌔𐌄𐌌 (desem), Goth. 𐍄𐌰𐌹𐌷𐌿𐌽 (taíhun), Welsh deg
*dóru tree Arm. ծառ (caṙ/dzaṙ), Lith. derva, Ltv. dreve, Gaul. Dervus, Russ. дерево (derevo), Eng. trēow/tree, Hitt. taru, Luw. tarweja-, Gk. δρῦς (drus), Alb. dru/drû, Ir. dair/dair, Toch. or, Kamviri dâa, Pers. / دار (dār) درخت (derakht), Polish drzewo, Welsh derwen, Skr. दारु (dā́ru), Av. dāuru, Goth. 𐍄𐍂𐌹𐌿 (triu), ON tré, Old Prussian drawine, OCS дрѣво (drěvo), XMK darullos
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Root Meaning Derivatives
*dʰal- to blossom Alb. dal, Arm. դալար (dalar), Gk. θάλλω (thallō), Welsh dail, Ir. duille/
*dʰeb- fat Russ. дебелый (debelyj), Old Prussian debīkan, Toch. tpär/täpr, ON dapr, Gm. taphar/tapfer, Ltv. dabļš, OCS дєбєлъ (debelŭ)
*dʰegʷh- to burn Lith. degti, Ltv. degt, Lat. fovēre, Russ. сжигать; жгучий (sžigat'; žgučij), Alb. djeg, Ir. daig/, Skr. दहति (dahati), Av. dažaiti, Old Prussian dagis, Pers. /dāġ, Gk. τέφρα (tephra), Toch. tsäk/tsäk, OCS жєщи (žešti), Polish żgę, Eng. dǣg/day
*dʰeh₁(i)- to suck/suckle Alb. djathë, Arm. դիել (diel), Lith. dėlė, Ltv. dēls, Old Prussian dadan, Ir. diul/diuilim, Welsh dynu, Eng. delu/―, Gm. tāen/―; tila/―, Goth. daddjan, ON dilkr, Skr. धयति (dhayati), Av. daēnu, Pers. dadan/, Lat. fēmina; fētus; fēllāre, Umbrian feliuf, Gk. θηλύ (thēlē); θῆλυς (thēlus), OCS доити (doiti), Russ. доить (doit'), Polish doić
*dʰeh₁- to place, set, put Skr. दधाति (dadhāti), Av. daðaiti, Lat. faciō, Oscan faciiad, Umbrian feitu, Hitt. dai, Pers. adadā/, Gk. τίθημι/ (tithēmi/), Lith. dėti, Ltv. dēt, Polish dziać; działać, Russ. деть; делать (det'; delat'), Eng. dōn/do, Gm. tuon/tun, Goth. gadeths, ON dalidun, Phryg. dak-, Gaul. dede, Thrac. didzos, Alb. dhatë; (h)urdhë, Toch. täs/täs, Ir. dál/, Welsh dall, Arm. դնել (dnel), Lyc. ta-, OCS дѣлати (dělati), Mess. hipades
*dʰeiǵʰ- to mold Gk. τεῖχος (teikhos), Ir. digen/, Russ. дежа (deža), Eng. dāg/dough, Goth. daigs, ON deig, Gm. teig/Teig, Skr. देग्धि (degdhi), Lat. fingō, Av. pairidaēza, Pers. didā/dēz, Arm. դեզ (dez), Thrac. -dizos, Umbrian fikla, Lith. žiest, Ltv. ziest, Old Prussian siduko, Oscan feíhúss, Toch. tsek/tsik
*dʰel- light Alb. diell, Arm. դեղին (deġin), Eng. deall/, ON Dellingr, Ir. dellrad/
*dʰergʰen- thorn Skr. द्राक्ष (drākṣa), Gm. tirnpauma/dirnbaum, Welsh draen, Ir. draigen/droigheann, Lith. drignės, Ltv. driģenes, Russ. дёрн (djorn), Polish drzazga
*dʰers- to dare Skr. धृष्णोति (dhṛṣṇoti), Russ. дерзнуть; дерзкий (derznut'; derzkij), Lat. infestus, OCS дрьзати (drĭzati), Old Prussian dyrsos, Eng. dearr/dare, Gm. giturran/―; gitar/, Gk. θράσος (thrasos), Lith. drįsti, Ltv. drošs, Pers. adaršnauš, Av. daršam, Goth. gadars
*dʰeub- deep Lith. dubti, Ltv. dubens, Gaul. Dubnorīx, Illyr. dubris,Alb. det, Goth. diups, ON diupr, Eng. dēop/deep, Gk. βυθός (buthos), Gm. tiof/tief, Welsh dwfn, Ir. domain/, OCS дъно (dŭno), Russ. дно; дупло (dno; duplo), Polish dno
*dʰrei- to defecate Russ. дристать (dristat'), ON dríta, Lith. dergti, Gk. δαρδαίνει (dardainei), Lat. foria, Gm. trīzan/, Low Saxon /driten
*dʰreugʰ- to deceive Lith. draugas, Ltv. draugs, ON draugr, Skr. द्रुह्यति (druhyati), Av. družaiti, Eng. drēam/dream, Gm. troum/Traum, Pers. drauga/, Ir. aurddrach/
*dʰugh₂tḗr daughter Skr. दुहितृ (duhitṛ), Gk. θυγάτηρ (thugatēr), Toch. ckācar/tkacer, Eng. dohtor/daughter, OCS дъщи (dŭšti), Russ. дочь; дочерь (doč'; dočer'), Arm. դուստր (dustr), Gm. tohter/Tochter, Kamviri jü, Gaul. duxtīr, Pers. /doxtar, Lith. duktė, Old Prussian duckti, ON dóttir, Goth. dauhtar, Av. duydar, Luw. duttariyata, Hitt. duttariyatiyaš, Oscan futreí
*dʰuh₂mós smoke Skr. धूम (dhūma), Old Prussian dumis, Russ. дым (dym), Lat. fūmus, Gm. toup/toben, Gk. θυμός (thumos), Toch. twe/tweye, Lith. dūmai, Ltv. dūmi, Eng. dōmian/dusk, Goth. dauns, ON daunn, Ir. dé/deathach, Welsh dywy, Oscan Mefit, Polish dym, Pers. /dud, OCS дꙑмъ (dymŭ)
*dʰwer- door Arm. դուռն (duṙn), Russ. дверь (dver'), Skr. द्वार् (dvār), Av. dvarəm, Alb. derë, ON dyrr, Eng. duru/door, Gaul. doro, Gk. θύρα (thura), Lith. durys, Ltv. durvis, Old Prussian dwaris, Lat. fores, Umbrian furo, Gm. tor/Tür, Ir. dorus/doras, Toch. ―/twere, Kamviri du, Umbrian furo, Welsh dôr, Goth. daur, Polish drzwi, Pers. duvaraya/dar, Thrac. dur, OCS двьри (dvĭri)
*dʰéǵʰōm earth Phryg. zemelo; zamelon, Thrac. semele; semela, Pers. zam, Skr. क्ष (kṣa), Gk. χθών (khthōn), Lat. humus, Goth. guma, ON gumi, Eng. guma/bridegroom, Gm. gomo/Bräutigam, Alb. dhè, OCS зємлꙗ (zemlja), Russ. земля (zemlja), Ir. du/duine, Hitt. tekan, Luw. dakam-, Toch. tkam/keṃ, Kashmiri za.min, Lith. žemė, Ltv. zeme, Old Prussian same, Welsh dyn, Oscan huntruis, Umbrian hondomu, Osset. зæхх (zæxx), Polish ziemia
*dʰǵʰu- fish Lith. žuvis, Ltv. zivs, Arm. ձուկն (jukn), Gk. ἰχθύς (ikhthus), Old Prussian suckis
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Root Meaning Derivatives
*ḱak- branch Arm. ճյուղ (č̣yuġ), Lith. šaka, Ltv. saka, Skr. शाखा (śā́khā), Russ. соха (soxa), Alb. thekë, Goth. hōha, Kamviri coa, Old Prussian sagnis, Ir. gēc/gēag, Welsh cainc, Gm. huohili, Pers. šāxe(h)
*ḱalh₂mo- reed Gk. κάλαμος (kalamos), Lat. culmus, Toch. kulmãṃts/, Eng. healm/haulm, Ltv. salms, Old Prussian salme, Russ. солома (soloma), ON halmr, Gm. halm/Halm, Ir. /giolcach (-cach being diminutive suffix)
*ḱas- gray Lat. cānus; cascus, Skr. षष (śaśa), Gm. hasan/; haso/Hase, Old Prussian sasins, Eng. hasu/; hara/hare, ON hǫss; heri, Welsh cannu; ceinach, Pashto soe
*ḱat- battle OCS котора (kotora), Gaul. catu, Eng. heaþu, Gm. hathu/Hader, Skr. शातयति (śātayati), ON hoð, Ir. cath/cath, Welsh cad, Toch. /keta, Hitt. kattu, Gk kótos
*ḱeh₂d- hate Eng. hete/hate, Gm. haz/haß, Goth. hatis, ON hatr, Skr. रिशादस् (riśādas), Av. sādra, Gk. κῆδος (kēdos), Oscan cadeis amnud, Ir. caiss/cais, Welsh câs; cawdd, Toch. kat/
*ḱei- to lie, settle Arm. սէր (sēr), Lith. šeima, OCS sĕmĭja, Eng. hām/home, Gm. heim/Heim, ON heimr, Ir. cóim/caoimh, Gk. kṓmē, Skr. क्षेति (kṣeti), Av. šaēiti
*ḱel- warm, cold Ltv. silts, Lith. šilti, Ir. clithe/, Welsh clyd, ON hlǽr, Eng. hlēow/lukewarm; hlēo/lee, Gm. lāo/lau, Skr. शिशिर (śiśira); śarad, Av. sarəta, Osset. sald, Pers. /سرد (sard), Lat. calēre, Kurd. sarr
*ḱer- horn Lat. cerĕbrum; cervus; cornū, Russ. серна (serna); череп (čerep), Old Prussian kerpetis; sirwis, Gk. κέρας (keras), Av. srū; srvā; sarah, Skr. शिरस् (śíras); śŕńgam, Arm. սար (sar), Bret. kern, Gm. hirni/Hirn; horn/Horn, ON hjarni;horn Pers. /س (sar); /شاخ (šāx), Toch. /krāñi, Osset. sær; sykha, Alb. krye; sorkadh, Eng. horn/horn, Breton kern; karn, Kamviri ṣiṅ, Goth. 𐌷𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌽 (haurn), Hitt. karawar, Lith. širšė, Ltv. sirsis, Gaul. karnuks, Ir. cern/cearn, Polish krowa, Kurd. ser
*ḱerberó- piebald Gk. Κέρβερος (Kerberos)?, Skr. शर्वर (śarvara), Russ. соболь (sobol'), Ir. corbaim/, Lith. keršas
*ḱḗr heart Lat. cor, Skr. हृदय (hṛ́daya), Av. zərədā, Hitt. 𒆠𒅕 (kir), Lyc. kride, Palaic kart-, Gk. καρδία (kardia), Eng. heorte/heart, OCS срьдьцє (srĭdĭce), Russ. сердце (serdtse), Lith. širdis, Ltv. sirds, Old Prussian seyr, Arm. սիրտ (sirt), Welsh craidd, Kamviri zâra, Ir. cride/croí, Polish serce, Gm. herza/Herz, Goth. 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐍂𐍄𐍉 (hairto), ON hjarta, Osset. zærdæ
*ḱerh₂- to mix Eng. hrēr/rare, Gm. hruoren/rühren, ON hrǿra, Skr. श्रायति (śrāyati), Av. sar, Gk. κρατήρ (kratēr)
*ḱermus- cherry Gk. κερασός (kerasos) Lith. šermukšlė, Ltv. cērmaukša, Russ. черёмуха (čerjomuxa)
*ḱers- to run Lat. currō, Gaul. carros, Gk. ἐπίκουρος (epikouros), Welsh carrog, Ir. carr/, Toch. kursär/kwasär, Gm. horsk/; hros/Ross, ON horskr, Eng. horsc/; hors/horse; /rush
*ḱewh₁ro- northwind Russ. север (sever), Lith. šiaurys, Arm. ցուրտ (c'urt), Eng. scūr/shower, Gm. scūr/Schauer, Goth. skura, ON skúr, OCS сѣвєръ (sěverŭ)
*ḱiker- pea Lat. cicer, Arm. սիսեռն (siseṙn), Gk. κριός (krios), Lith. kekė, Alb. thjerrë; thirqe
*ḱlei- to lean Lat. clīnō, Ir. clóin/, Gk. κλίνη (klinē), Eng. hleonian/lean, Arm. լեռ (leṙ), Lith. šlieti, Ltv. sliet, Russ. слой (sloj), Skr. श्रायति (śrayati), Av. srinu, Gm. hlīnen/lehnen, Welsh clwyd, Old Prussian slayan, Toch. kälyme/kälymiye, Goth. hlain, ON hlein, Alb. qye
*ḱlep- to steal Lat. clepō, Gk. κλέπτω (kleptō), Arm. գող (goġ), Goth. hlifan, Ir. cluain/, Old Prussian auklipts, Lith. slėpti, Ltv. slēpt
*ḱleu- clean Lat. cloāca, Gk. κλύδων (kludōn), Gaul. Cluad, Eng. hlūttor/, Lith. šluoti, Ltv. slaumi, Russ. слеза (sleza), Welsh clir, Gm. hlūttar/lauter, Goth. hlūtrs, ON hlér, OCS сльза (slĭza)
*ḱlew- to hear Lat. cluēre, Gaul. clu, Gk. κλέος (kleos), Illyr. cleves, Lith. klausyti; šlovė, Ltv. klausīt, OCS слово (slovo), Russ. слово (slovo), Skr. श्रु (śru), Av. surunaoiti, Gm. hlut/laut, Eng. hlud/loud, Toch. klots/klautso; klāw/klāw; klyos, ON hljóðr, Goth. hliuþ, Arm. լու (lu), Alb. quaj; quhem, Polish słowo, Welsh clod; clywed, Ir. ro-cluinethar/; cloth/
*ḱlouni- buttock Lat. clūnis, ON hlaun, Kamviri slaunis, Skr. श्रोणि (śroṇi), Av. sraoni, Welsh clun, Lith. šlaunis
*ḱm̥tóm hundred Lat. centum, Lith. šimtas, Ltv. simts, Gm. hunt/hundert, Eng. hundred/hundred, Goth. hund, ON hundrað, Gk. ἑκατόν (hekaton), Av. sata, Gaul. cantam, Ir. cét/cead, Kashmiri śath, Osset. sædæ, Pers. /صد (sad), OCS съто (sŭto), Polish sto, Russ. сто (sto), Skr. शत (śatá), Av. 𐬯𐬀𐬙𐬀 (sata), Toch. känt/kante, Welsh cant
*ḱon- shell Lat. conguius, Gk. κόγχος (konkhos), Skr. शङ्ख (śaṅkha)
*ḱubʰ- shoulder Lat. cubitus, Alb. sup, Gm. huf/Hüfte, Eng. hype/hip, Gk. κύβος (kubos), Av. supti, Skr. शुप्ति (śupti), Goth. hups, Welsh gogof, Pers. /šāne
*ḱwen- holy Lith. šventas, Ltv. svinēt, Russ. святой (svjatoj), Av. spanyah, Goth. hunsl, Polish święty, Old Prussian swints, ON hunsl, Eng. hūsel/housel, OCS свѧтъ (svętŭ)
*ḱwṓ dog Lat. canis, Gk. κύων (kuōn)/, Arm. շուն (šun), Phryg. kunes, Toch. ku/ku, Gaul. cuna, Eng. hund/hound, Skr. श्वन् (śván), Av. spā, Russ. сука (suka), Polish suka; kundel(?), Gm. hunt/Hund, Kashmiri hūn, Lith. šuo, Ltv. suns, Old Prussian sunis, Thrac. dinu-, Goth. huns, ON hundr, Welsh ci, Ir. cū/cú, Hitt. śuwanis, Lyd. kan-, Dacian kinu-, Illyr. Can-, Alb. samë; shakë, Pers. /سگ (sag)
*ḱóino- grass Gk. κοινά (koina), Arm. խոտ (xot), Lith. šienas, Ltv. siens, Russ. сено (seno), Polish siano
*ḱórw-eh₂- crow Eng. hræfn/raven, crow, Lith. krauklys; šárka, Gk. κόραξ (kórax), Russ. сорока (soróka), Skr. शारि (śāri), Lat. corbus; corvus; cornīx, Umbrian curnāco, Polish sroka, MIr. crú, Sp. cárabo.
[edit]ǵ

(edit)
Root Meaning Derivatives
*ǵebʰ- jaw Lith. žebiu, Ltv. zebiekste, Czech žábra, Gm. kivel/Kiefer, Eng. ceafl/jowl, ON keptr, Av. zafar
*ǵeme- to marry Skr. जामातर् (jāmātar), Av. zāmātar, Gk. γαμβρός (gambros), Lat. gener, Breton gever, Lith. zêntas, Alb. dhëndër/dhândërr
*ǵenH₁- (*ǵénH₁ō [1ps]) to give birth Gk. γένος (genos); gónos; gígnesthai, Lat. genus; gigno, Eng. cyn/kin; cyning/king; kind, Gm. kind/Kind; kuning/König, Russ. зять (zjat'), Polish zieć, Av. zīzənti, Skr. जाति (jāti); jánati; jánas, Kamviri zut, Thrac. zenis, Phryg. cin, Ir. cinim/geinim, Goth. kuni, Lith. gentìs, Ltv. znots, Welsh geni; cen; angen, Gaul. Cintugnātus, Pers. zāēdan, Hitt. genzu, Arm. ծին (çin), Toch. kän/kän, Osc. Genetaí, Umb. natine, OCS zętĭ
*ǵenu- cheek Lat. gena, Welsh gen, Gk. γένυς (génys), Goth. kinnus, Skr. हनु (hánu), Av. zanu, Lith. žandás, Ltv. zods, Phryg. azon, Toch. A śanwem, Arm. ծնոտ (çnot), Eng. cin/chin, Gm. chinni/Kinn, Ir. gin/gionach, Pers. goune(h), XMK kanadoi
*ǵeus- taste Lat. dēgūnō; gustare, Goth. kiusan, Gm. kiosan/kiesen, Skr. जोषति (joṣati), Av. zaošō, Alb. dua/due, Eng. ceosan/choose, OPers. dauš, OIr. gus; do-goa; asagussim, Gk. γεύομαι (geúomai)
*ǵH₂lōu- brother's wife OCS zlŭva, Russ. золовка (zolovka), Gk. γάλως (galōs), Phryg. gelaros, Polish zełwa
*ǵneH₃- to know OCS знати (znati), Russ. знать (znat'), Polish znać, Lith. žinóti, Ltv. zināt, OPruss. posinnāts, Skr. जानाति (jānāti), Kashmiri zānun, Av. paitizānənti, OPers. xšnāsātiy, Osset. zon, Goth. kunnan; kannjan, Gm. kunnan/können; irchennan/kennen, ON kunna; kenna, Eng. cnāwan/know, Toch. knān/nān, OIr. gnáth; gnás; itar-gninim, Welsh gnawd; (g)naws, Umb. naratu, Lat. (g)noscō, Gk. γιγνώσκω (gignōskō), Alb. njeh, Hitt. kanes, Arm. ծանոթ (çanot')
*ǵr̥H₁-no- corn Lat. granum, Ir. grán, Welsh grawn, OCS зрьно (zrĭno), Czech zrno, Russ. зерно (zerno), Polish ziarno, Lith. žìrnis, Ltv. zirnis, OPruss. syrne, Goth. kaúrn, Gm. kerno/Korn, Eng. corn
*ǵónu knee Lat. genu, Russ. звено (zveno), Hitt. gienu, Palaic ginu-, Gk. γόνυ (góny), Skr. जानु (jānu), Illyr. Genusus, Gm. kniu/Knie, Pers. zānu, Eng. cnēo/knee, ON kne, Goth. kniu, Av. žnūm, Toch. kanweṃ/kenīne, Arm. ծունկ (çunk), Alb. gju/gjû
*ǵómbʰo- ledge->tooth Lat. gemma, Ir. gob, Welsh gwp, Gk. γόμφος (gomphos), Skr. जम्भ (jambha), Lith. žambas, Ltv. zobs, Alb. dhëmb/dhamb, XMK kombous, Eng. comb/comb, Toch. kam/keme, Russ. зуб (zub), Arm. ծամել (çamel), Kamviri zâmoa, Pol. ząb, ON kambr, Gm. kamb/Kamm, OCS зѫбъ (zǫbŭ)
[edit]ǵʰ

(edit)
Root Meaning Derivatives
*ǵʰáns goose Gk. χήν (khēn), Skr. हंस (haṃsá), Lat. ānser, Ir. géiss/gé, Eng. gōs/goose, Russ. гусь (gus'), Lith. žąsis, Ltv. zoss, Gm. gans/Gans, Old Prussian sansy, Goth. gansus, ON gás, Av. zā, Polish gęś, Alb. gatë
*ǵʰasdʰo- stick Russ. жердь (žerd'), Ir. gat, Goth. gazds, ON gaddr, Eng. gād/goad, Gm. gart/Gart, Skt. hinvoti
*ǵʰasto- hand Eng. gerd/yard, Lat. hestos; hasta; praestō, Umbrian hostatu, Ir. gass/gas, Lith. pa-žastẽ, Skt. hástas, Avest. zasta, Pers. dasta/
*ǵʰel- to shine Lat. helvus; fel, Lith. gelta; žalias; želta, Ltv. dzeltens; zaļš; zelts, Russ. жёлтый; зелёный; золото (žëltyj; zelënyj; zoloto), Gm. gelo/gelb; gold/Gold, Phryg. zelkia, Eng. geolu/yellow; gold/gold, Alb. dhelpër/dhelpën, Welsh gelw, Ir. gel/gealach, Polish żółty; zielony; złoto, Gk. χλωρός (khlōros), ON gulr; gull, Pers. /zard; daraniya/, Av. zaray; zaranya, Goth. gulþ, Skr. हरि (hári); हिरण्य (hiraṇya), Old Prussian gelatynan; saligan; sealtmeno, OCS злато (zlato); зєлєнъ (zelenŭ)
*ǵʰelun-eh₂- pine Gk. χεῖλος (kheilos), Arm. ձեղուն (jełun), ON giolnar, Lith. pušis, Ir. /giúis
*ǵʰer- bowels Lat. hernia, Skr. हिर (híra), Gk. χορδή (khordē), ON gǫrn, Gm. garn/Garn, Eng. gearn/yarn, Arm. ձառ (jaṙ), Lith. žarna, Ltv. zarna, Hitt. karat, Alb. zorrë
*ǵʰer- to enclose Lith. gardas; žardas, Ltv. zārds, Phryg. gordum, Lat. hortus, Skr. हरति (harati), Welsh garth, Eng. geard/yard, Gm. garto/Garten, ON garðr, Gk. χόρτος (khórtos), Ir. gort, Oscan herííad, Gaul. gorto, Hitt. gurtas, Goth. garda, Alb. gardh, Russ. город (gorod), Toch. /kerccī, Avest. gərədha
*ǵʰers- rigid Alb. derr, Skr. हर्षते (harṣate), Av. zaršayamna, Arm. ձար (jar), Gk. χέρσος (khersos), Lat. horrēo, Ir. garb/garbh, Welsh garw, Eng. gorst/
*ǵʰew- pour Lat. fūtis; fundo, Gk. χύνω (khunō); khylós, Skr. जुहोति (juhóti), Goth. giutan, Gm. giozan/giessen, Eng. guttas/gut, ON gjóta, Arm. ձև (jev), ձուլել (julel), Av. zaotar, Pers. zōr, Toch. kutär/ku, Welsh gewai, Alb. dyllë, Phryg. Zeuman; *ǵʰuto- (“poured, libated”)
*ǵʰwel- to bend Ltv. nuožvelnus, Ltv. zvelt, Russ. злой (zloj), Polish zły, Skr. ह्वरति (hvarati), Av. zbarəmnəm, Pers. /zūr
*ǵʰwen- to sound OCS звонъ (zvonŭ), Russ. звон (zvon), Arm. ձայն (jayn), Alb. zë/zâ, Toch. kaṁ/kene, Polish dzwon, Lith. žvengti, Ltv. zviegt
*ǵʰwer- beast Lat. ferus, OCS звѣрь (zvěrĭ), Russ. зверь (zver'), Lith. žvėris. Ltv. zvērs, Gk. θήρ (thēr), Polish zwierzę, Old Prussian swīrins, Toch. śaru/śerwe
*ǵʰéi-mn̥- winter Skr. हिम (himá), हेमन्त (hemantá), Lat. hiems, Gk. χεῖμα (kheima), Gaul. Giamillus, OCS зима (zima), Russ. зима (zima), Polish zima, Lith. žiema, Ltv. ziema, Old Prussian semo, Av. zimo, Arm. ձմեռ (jmeṙ), Alb. dimër/dimën, Kamviri zẽ, Pers. /زمستان (zemestān), Toch. śärme/śimpriye, Welsh gaeaf, Ir. gamh/geimhreadh, Hitt. 𒄀𒈠𒀭 (giman), ON gói, Pers. dai, Eng. gamol/
*ǵʰés-ro- hand Lat. hīr, Hitt. keššar, Lyc. izre, Luw. iššari-, Gk. χείρ (kheir), Arm. ձեռք (jeṙk'), Kamviri düšt, Alb. dorë, Toch. tsar/ṣar, Thrac heris
[edit]k

(edit)
Root Meaning Derivatives
*kaiko- one-eyed Lat. caecus, Skr. केकर (kekara), Lith. keikti Gk. καικίας (kaikias)?, Ir. caech/, Welsh coeg, Goth. haihs
*kailo- whole Welsh coel, Gm. heil/heil, Eng. hālig/holy, ON heilagr, Goth. hailags, OCS cĕlŭ, Russ. целый (tselyj), Old Prussian kailūstiskan, Polish cały
*kakka excrement Lat. cacāre, Russ. какать (kakat'), Gk. κακκάω (kakkaō), Arm. քաք (k'ak'), քակոր (k'akor), Ir. cacc/cac, Gm. /Kacke, Welsh cach, Lith. kaka, Pers. /keke(h)
*kal- handsome Skr. कल्य (kalya), Gk. κάλλος (kallos)
*kan- to sing Gk. καναχέω (kanakheō)/, Ir. canim/, Russ. канюк (kanjuk), Goth. hana, Eng. hen/hen, Gm. hano/Hahn, ON hani; hœna, Welsh canu, Pers. /āvāz xāndan, Lat. canō, Umbrian kanetu, Kurd. xwéndin
*kant- corner Gk. κανθός (kanthos), Lat. cantus, Gaul. kantem, Russ. кут (kut), Polish kant; kąt, Lith. kampas
*kapro- goat Skr. कपृथ (kapṛtha), Gk. κάπρος (kapros), Lat. caper, Umbrian kabru, Gaul. cabros, Ir. gabor/, Welsh gafr, ON hafr, Eng. hæfer/, Gm. habaro/Haber
*kaput- head Skr. कपुच्छल (kapucchala), Lat. caput, Eng. heafod/head, Gm. houbit/Haupt, ON haufuð, Goth. haubiþ
*kat- cub Lat. catulus, Umbrian katel, Russ. котиться (kotit'sja), ON haðna, Ir. cadla/
*ke(n)g- hook Lith. kengė Pers. /čang, Ir. ailcheng/, Russ. коготь (kogot'), Eng. hoc/hook, ON haki; hǫnk, Gm. hâco/Haken
*ked- to fume Gk. κέδρος (kedros), Skr. कद्रु (kadru), Lith. kadagys, Ltv. kadags, OCS kadilo, Russ. чад (čad), Old Prussian kadegis
*keH₂ro- wax Gk. κηρός (kēros), Lith. korỹs, Ltv. kāre(s), Alb. huall/huell
*kel- glue Gk. κόλλα (kolla), Lith. klijai, Russ. клей (klej), Polish klej
*ker- cornel Gk. κράνεια (kraneia)/, Alb. thanë, Lat. cornus
*kenk- kneecap Skr. कङ्काल (kañkāla), Lith. kenkle, Ltv. cinksla, Eng. hēla/heel, ON hǽll
*kerp- to pluck Gk. καρπός (karpós), Lat. carpere, Eng. hærfest/harvest; harrow, Ir. cirrim/ciorraigh; corrán, Welsh par, Goth. ƕaírban, ON hverfa, Toch. kārp/kärp, Gm. hwerban/werben, Lith. kirpti, OCS črĕpŭ, Skt. kṛpāṇas, Hitt karpinaš
*klen- maple Russ. клён (kljon), Polish klon, ON hlynr, Lith. klevas, Ltv. kļava, XMK klinotrokhon, Eng. hlin/linn, Welsh celyn
*knid- louse Russ. гнида (gnida), Polish gnida, Ltv. gnīda, Welsh nedd, Gm. hniz/Nisse, Gk. κονίς (konis), Alb. thërijë/thëni, Arm. անիծ (aniç), Ir. /sned, ON. gnit, Eng. hnitu/nit
*kob- to succeed Gaul. Vercobius, Ir. cob/, Eng. gehæp/happen, ON happ, OCS kobĭ, Russ. кобь (kob'), Toch. akappi/
*koiló- naked Ir. cóil/caol, Welsh cul, Ltv. kaîls, compare Gk κοιλός (koilós), Lat. culus
*kom with Lat. cum, Ir. com-/, Eng. ge-/―, gemōt/gemot, Gm. ga-/ge-, Goth. ga-, ON g-, Gk. κοινός (koinos), Russ. к (k), Polish k, OCS kŭ, Alb kë/ka-
*krem- onion Gk. krómion, Ir. craim/creamh, Eng. hramsan/ramson, Lith. kermušė, Ltv. cermaukša; cērmūkslis, Russ. черемша (čeremša), Welsh craf
*kreuH₂- blood Skr. क्रविस् (kravis), Lat. cruor, Lith. kraujas, Ltv. krevele, OCS kruvi, Russ. кровь (krov'), Ir. cró/creo, Gk. κρέας (kreas), ON hrár, Av. xrūva, Welsh crau, Polish krew, Gm. hrāo/roh, Old Prussian crauyo, Eng. hrēaw/raw
*kroksko- leg Alb. krah, Lith. kirkaliai, OCS kraka, Russ. окорок (okorok), Skr. किष्कु (kiṣku), Lat. crūs
*ksweid- milk Lith. sviestas, Ltv. sviests, Skr. क्ष्विद्यति (kṣvidyati), Av. xšvīd
*kuep- to boil Skr. कुप्यति (kupyati), Lat. cupere, Lith. kvepėti, Ltv. kvēpēt, Russ. кипеть (kipet'), Alb. kapit, Gk. καπνός (kapnos), ON hvap, Toch. kāp/kāp, Old Prussian kupsins, OCS kypĕti, Goth. afƕapjan, Hitt. kup
*kwas- to cough Skr. कसाते (kasāte), Ir. /casachdach, Russ. кашлять (kašljat'), Lith. kosėti, Ltv. kāsēt, Gm. huosto/Husten, ON hósta, Kamviri kâsa, Polish kaszleć, Alb. kollë, Welsh pas, Toch. /kosi, Eng. hwōsta/
*kwat- sour Skr. क्वथ (kvatha), Lat. cāseus, OCS kvasŭ, Russ. квас (kvas), Ltv. kūsāt, Alb. cos, Polish kwas, Goth. ƕaþō, Eng. hwaþerian/
*kóro- war Lith. karas, Ltv. kaŗš, Gk. κοίρανος (koiranos), Ir. cuire/, Gm. heri/Heer, Eng. herebeorg/harbour, Russ. кара (kara), Polish kara, ON herr, Goth. harjis, Gaul. Tricorii, Pers. kāra/kārzār, Old Prussian kargis, Kurd. šer
*kóslo- hazel Lat. corulus, Lith. kasulas, Eng. hæsel/hazel, ON hasl, Gm. hasal/Hasel, Ir. coll/coill, Welsh collen
*ku- (or *kus-) kiss Proto-Germanic *kussja-, Gm. küssen, Eng. kiss, Gk. κύσσω and κύσω, Hitt. kuwassanzi.
[edit]g

(edit)
Root Meaning Derivatives
*gal- naked Gm. kalo/kahl, OCS glava, Russ. голый (golyj), Lith. galva, Ltv. galva, Polish goły, Old Prussian gallū, Eng. calu/callow
*gal- to call out Alb. gjuhë, Eng. ceallian/call, ON kall, Ir. gall/, Welsh galw, Lat. gallus, OCS гласъ (glasŭ), Russ. голос (golos), Polish głos, Osset. гъалас (g"alas)
*gang- to mock Skr. गञ्ज (gañja), Eng. canc/, Gk. γαγγαίνειν/ (gaggainein/), Russ. гугня (gugnja), Ir. géim/, OCS gǫgŭnivŭ
*gel- cold OCS хладъ (xladŭ), Lat. gelū, Oscan gelan, Eng. ceald/cold, Lith. gelmenis, Gm. kalt/kalt, Russ. холод (xolod), Polish chłód, Gk. γελανδρόν (gelandron), ON kaldr, Goth. kalds
*gerh₂- crane Gk. γέρανος (geranos), Lat. grūs, Arm. կռունկ (kṙunk), Gm. krano/Kranich, Eng. cran/crane, Lith. garnis, Ltv. dzērve, Old Prussian gerwe, Russ. журавль (žuravl'), Polish żuraw, Welsh garan, ON trana
*gerbʰ- to scratch Russ. жребий (žrebij), Old Prussian gīrbin, Gk. γράφω (gráphō), Gm. kerban/kerben, Eng. ceorfan/carve, Arm. քերել (k'erel), Alb. gërvish, Ltv. grīpsta, OCS žrĕbŭ
*glag- milk Gk. γάλα (gála), Lat. lac, Hitt. galank, Kamviri zu, MIr. glas, Welsh glas-dwr, Alb. dhallë, Gm. Kalk
*grabʰ- hornbeam/oak Russ. граб (grab), Polish grab, Lith. skroblas, Ltv. skābardis, OPruss wosi-grabis, Umbrian Graboui, XMK grabion
*grad- hail Russ. град (grad), Lith. gruodas, Arm. կարկուտ (karkut), Polish grad, OCS gradŭ
*gras- to gnaw Gk. brychein, Skr. ग्रसति (grasati), Russ. грызть (gryzt'), Lith gráužti, Lat. grānem, Ir. brón/, Welsh brwyn
*gwéri- millstone Arm. երկան (erkan), Skr. ग्रावन् (grāvan), Welsh brevan, Eng. cweorn/quern, Gm. quirn/Querne, ON kvern, Goth. qairnus, Ir. braó, Lith. gìrna, Ltv. dzirnus, Old Prussian girnoywis, Russ. жёрнов (žjornov), Polish żarno
[edit]gʰ

(edit)
Root Meaning Derivatives
*gʰabʰ- to take Eng. giefan/give, Skr. गभस्ति (gabhasti), Alb. grabit/grabis, Gm. geban/geben, ON gefa, Goth. giban, Lat. habēre, Oscan hafíar, Umbrian habe, Ir. gaibid, Welsh gafael, Lith. gabenti; gabana, Ltv. gabana, Gaul. gabi, OCS gobino
*gʰaido- goat Lat. haedus, Goth. gaits, Gm. geiz/Geiss, Eng. gāt/goat, ON geit, Skt. hayas; jihīte, OCS zajęcĭ, Arm. ձի (ji)
*gʰedʰ- to join, to unite Lith. guodas, Ltv. gods, Eng. gōd/good, Gm. guot/gut, Goth. gōþs; gōds, ON gōðr, Skr. गध्य (gadhya), OCS godŭ, Russ. год (god), Polish gody, Toch. kātk/kātk
*gʰel- to call Eng. gellan/yell, Gk. χελιδών (khelidōn), Skr. प्रगल्भ (pragalbha), Goth. gōljan, Gm. gellan/gellen, Lith. gulbinti, ON gjalla
*gʰelōu- tortoise Gk. χελώνη (khelōnē), OCS želŭvĭ, Russ. жолвь (žolv'), Lith. želvė, Polish żółw
*gʰend- to take Alb. gjej, Eng. begetan/beget; forgetan/forget, Gm. firgezzen/vergessen, ON geta, Goth. bigitan, Gk. ktaomai; ktēma, Ir. geind/geinn, Welsh gaing, Lat. prehendere, Lith. godetis, OCS gadati
*gʰers- horror Lat. fastus, ON gersta, Lith. grasa, Ltv. grasīt, Russ. грозный (groznyj), Arm. գարշել (garšel), Av. grəəhma, Gm. gerstī/, Toch. krās/krās
*gʰleu- to joke Eng. glēo/glee, Lith. glauda, Ltv. glaust, Gk. χλεύη (khleuē), ON glý, Russ. глум (glum), OCS bezŭ gluma
*gʰos-ti- stranger/guest Lat. hostis, OCS гость (gostĭ), Russ. гость (gost'), Gm. gast/Gast, Goth. gasts, Polish gość, Eng. gæst/guest, ON gestr, Luw. gaši, Gk. xenos, Alb. huaj, Lepontic kozis
*gʰouro- fear Skr. घोर (ghora), Goth. gaurs, Gm. gōrag/, Russ. журить (žurit'), Eng. gyrn/, ON gaurr
*gʰreH₁- to grow, to become green Eng. grōwan/grow; grēne/green; græs/grass, Gm. gruoen/―; gruoni/grün; gras/Gras, Goth. gras, ON groa; grænn; gras
*gʰrendʰ- beam Lith. grindys, Ltv. grīda, ON grind, Polish grzęda, Russ. гряда (grjada), Kamviri ugṛa, Eng. grindel/, Gm. grindil/, Dutch grendel
*gʰérsdʰo- barley Lat. hordeum, Gm. gersta/Gerste, Eng. gors/gorse, Alb. drithë, Gk. κρῖ (kri); krīthḗ, OCS grosdŭ, Arm. գարի (gari), Hitt karas
*gʰwiH₁bʰ- pudenda Eng. wīf/wife; wīf-man/woman, Gm. wíb/Weib, ON víf, Toch. kip/kwīpe
[edit]kʷ

(edit)
Root Meaning Derivatives
*kʷe enclitic "and" Lat. -que, Goth. -u(h), Gk. τε (te), Skr. च (ca), Lyc. -ke, Luw. -ku, Alb. se, Breton -ge
*kʷeiH- quiet Lat. quiēs, ON hvīla, Eng. hwil/while, Gm. hwila/Weile, Goth. ƕeila, OCS počiti, Russ. почить (počit'), Skr. चिरम् (ciram), Av. šāitiš, Pers. šiyātiš/šāh, Lyc. tezi, Toch. /śāte, Polish odpoczywać, Arm. հանգչել (hangčel), Lith. tylus
*kʷetwóres four Lat. quattuor, Arm. չորք (čork'), Alb. katër/katër, Lith. keturi, Ltv. četri, Gaul. petor, Gm. feor/vier, Eng. fēower/four, Gk. τέσσαρες (tessares), Av. čaθwar, Ir. cethir/ceahair, Kashmiri tsor, Kamviri što, Oscan 𐌐𐌄𐌕𐌖𐌓𐌀 (petora), ON fjórir, Old Prussian keturjāi, Osset. cyppar/cuppar, Pers. /čahār, OCS četĭire, Polish cztery, Russ. четыре (četyre), Skr. चतुर् (catur), Toch. śtwar/śtwer, Thrac. ketri-, Umbrian 𐌐𐌄𐌕𐌖𐌓 (petor), Goth. fidwor, Welsh pedwar, Bret. pevar, Lyc. teteri, Kurd. čwar
*kʷrei- to buy Skr. क्रीणाति (krīṇāti), Lith. kraitis, Ltv. kriens, Ir. crenaim/, Russ. кренуть (krenut'), Toch. kuryar/kärys, Gk. πρίαμαι (príamai), Welsh prynu
*kʷrép-o- / *kʷr̥p-eH₂- body Lat. corpus, Skr. कृपा (kṛpā), Av. kərəfš, Alb. krep; shkrep; kërme, Gm. href/, Eng. hrif/midriff, Gk. πραπίς (prapis), MIr. crí, Welsh praff, Russ. круп (krup)
*kʷr̥-mi- grub Skr. कृमि (kṛmi), Lith. kirmìs; kirmėlė, Ltv. cērme, Alb. krimb/krymb, Ir. cruimh, OCS črĭvĭ; čermnyi; črŭmĭnŭ, Russ. червь (čérv'), Slov. čřn, Welsh pryf, Osset. kalm, Pers. kirm, Old Pruss. girmis
*kʷékʷlo- / *kʷol-o- wheel Gk. pólos; pélesthai; pélein; κύκλος (kyklos), Lat. colere, Toch. kukäl/kokale, Skr. चक्र (čakrás), Russ. колесо (koleso), Eng. hwēol/wheel, Pers. čarka/čarx, Ir. cul/; bóchaill/, Old Pruss. kelan, Osset. calx, Pol. koło, Av. čaxra; čaraiti, Alb. sjell, ON hjōl; hvel, Lith. kelias; kãklas, Luw. kaluti-, Welsh ymochel; dymchwel; bochel
[edit]gʷ

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*gʷeH₂dʰ- to sink Gk. βάθος (bathos), Skr. गाहते (gāhate), Av. vigāθō, Ir. bádud/báthaim, Welsh boddi
*gʷeiH₃- sinew Lat. fīlum, OCS žitsa, Russ. жила (žila), Arm. ջիլ (ǰil); ջիղ (ǰił), Lith. gija, Ltv. dzija, Welsh giau, Polish żyła
*gʷeiH₃w- to live Skr. जीवति (jīvati), Lat. vivere, Lith. gyventi, Ltv. dzīvs, Old Prussian gi(j)wan, OCS žiti, Russ. жить (žit'), Polish żyć, Eng. cwicu/quick, ON kvikr, Gm. quec/keck, Goth. qius, Gk. βίος (bios), Ir. bethu/beatha, Welsh byd, Gaul. Biturīges, Pers. gaiθā/zēstan, Av. gaēθā; jiġaēsa, Toch. śo/śai, Arm. կեամ (keam), Oscan bivus
*gʷelbʰ- womb Eng. wamb/womb, Gm. wamba/Wamme, Goth. wamba, ON vomb, Skr. गर्भ (garbha), Gk. δελφύς (delphus), Lith. gimda,
*gʷem-, *gʷeh₂- to go, come Lat. veniō, Skr. गच्छति (gácchati), Av. jamaiti, Toch. kum/käm, Eng. cuman/come, Arm. եկ (ek), Gm. coman/kommen, Kamviri âca, ON koma, Pers. jamijāh/, Goth. qiman, Oscan kúmbennieís, Lith. gimti, Ltv. dzimt, Old Prussian gimsenin, Alb. pregjim, Gk. βῆμα (bēma)
*gʷer- mount Russ. гора (gora), Lith. guras, Skr. गिरि (giri), Av. gairi, Gk. δειράς (deiras), Alb. gur, Arm. լեռ (leṙ), Polish góra, OCS gora
*gʷer- to devour Alb. ngrënë/ngranë, Arm. կեր (ker), Lith. gerti, Ltv. dzert, Ir. bráge/bráighid, Welsh breuant, Skr. गिरति (girati), Av. jaraiti, Gk. βορά (bora); βρῶμα (brōma), Lat. vorāre, Gm. quedar/Köder, ON krás, Russ. жрать (žrat'), Polish żreć
*gʷer- to praise Lat. grātēs, Russ. жрец (žrets), Alb. grish, Lith. girti, Ltv. dzirt, Skr. गृनाति (gṛnāti), Ir. bard/bárd, Old Prussian girtwei, Toch. krant-/krent-, Welsh bardd, Oscan brateis, Av. aibigərənte
*gʷerH₃- heavy Lat. gravis, Eng. cweorn/quern, Skr. गुरु (guru), Av. gouruzaθra, Lith. gurstu, Ltv. gurstu, Toch. krāmärts/krāmär, Gk. βάρος (baros), ON kvern, Goth. kaúrjōs, Pers. /girān, Welsh bryw, Ir. bair/, Old Prussian girnoywis, Gm. quirn/Querne, OCS žŭrnŭvi, Polish żarna, Russ. жёрнов (žjornov)
*gʷetu- resin Gm. kuti/Kitt, Eng. cudu/cud, ON kváða, Skr. जतु (jatu), Lat. bitūmen, Welsh bedwen, Scottish Gaelic beithe
*gʷou- cow/bull Skr. गो (go), Av. gáus, Ltv. govs, Russ. говядина (govjadina), Toch. ko/keŭ, Arm. կով (kov), Eng. cū/cow, Umbrian bum, Gk. βοῦς (bous), Ir. bó/bó, Welsh buw, Gm. kuo/Kuh, Kamviri go, Kashmiri gāv, Pers. ―/gāv, Oscan buv-, ON kú, Osset. gal/ Thrac. bonassos
*gʷrebʰ- womb Gk. βρέφος (brephos), Ir. brommach/, OCS жрѣбѧ (žrěbę), Russ. жеребёнок (žerebjonok), Polish źrebię
*gʷruHǵʰ- to bite Lith. graužti, Ltv. grauzt, Russ. грызть (gryzt'), Welsh brwyn, Polish gryźć, Alb. me gicë, Gk. βρύχω (brukhō), Ir. brón/brón, Arm. կրծել (krçel), OCS gryzǫ
*gʷḗn woman OCS жєна (žena), Russ. жена (žena), Polish żona, Av. gənā, Gk. γυνή (gunē), Eng. cwēn/queen, Skr. ग्ना (gnā); जनि (jani), Old Prussian genno, Arm. կին (kin), Alb. zonjë, Ir. ben/bean, Welsh benyw, Kashmiri zanānū', Goth. qino, ON kona, Gm. quena/―, Pers. /zan, Phryg. bonekos, Toch. śäṁ/śana, Luw. wanatti
[edit]gʷʰ

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*gʷʰeleǵʰ- gland Arm. գեղձ (gełj), Lith. geležuones, Russ. железа (železa), Polish zołza
*gʷʰer(m)-/*gʷʰor(m)- warm Alb. zjarr,zjarm Russ. жар (žar), Lith. garas, Ltv. gars, Phryg. germe, Arm. ջերմ (ǰerm), Eng. bearnan/burn; wearm/warm, ON brenna; varmr, Gm. brinnan/brennen; warm/warm, Goth. brinnan;, warmjan, Gk. θερμός (thermos), Skr. घृण (ghṛṇa); घर्म (gharma-), Kashmiri germi, Thrac. germas, Pers. garmapada/garm, Ir. gorim/goraim, Hitt. war, Old Prussian goro, Av. garəma, Welsh gori, Kashmiri garū'm, Lat. furnus; forma
*gʷʰedʰ- to ask Eng. biddian/bid; bed/bead, Gm. pittan/bitten; beta/Gebet, Goth. bidjan; bida, ON biðja, Skr. गध्य (gadhya), Russ. пытать (pytat'), Lat. manifestus
*gʷʰen- to press; to strike, slay, kill Skr. हन्ति (hanti), Av. (jainti), Pers. /zahr; ajanam/, Lith. ginti, Ltv. dzīt, Old Prussian guntwei, OCS gŭnati, Russ. жать; гнать (žat'; gnat'), Polish gnać, Alb. gjanj, Arm. գան (gan), ջին (ǰin), ջինջ (ǰinǰ), Ir. gonim/gonadh, Gk. θείνω (theinō); φόνος (phonos), Hitt. kwen, Lyd. qẽn-, Eng. gūþ/―; bana/bane, Gm. gundfano/―, Goth. banja; pano/Bahn ON gunnr; bani
*gʷʰH₂í- bright, shining Lith. giedras, Ltv. dziedrs, Gk. φαιδρός (phaidros), Arm. կայծ (kayc) (?)
[edit]s

(edit)
Root Meaning Derivatives
*(s)mei- to laugh OCS smĕjǫ, Russ. смеяться (smejat'sja), Skr. स्मयते (smayate), Lith. smagintis, Ltv. smaids, Toch. smi/smi, Lat. mīrus, Gk. μεῖδος (meidos), Ir. míad/, Polish śmiech, Eng. smearcian/smirk
*(s)mer- to remember Eng. murnan/mourn, Skr. स्मरति (smarati), Av. smaraiti, Lat. memor, Ir. airmmert/, Welsh armerth, Gaul. Smerius, Goth. maúrnan, ON Mímir, Gm. mornēn/, Gk. μέρμερος (mermeros), Arm. մորմոք (mormok'), Lith. pamiršti, Kurd. bír
*(s)neh₁- to spin Ltv. snāte, Skr. स्नायति (snāyati), Ir. snáthat/snáthad, Eng. nǣdl/needle, Gm. nādala/Nadel, Goth. nēþla, ON nál, Russ. нить (nit'), Lat. neō, Gk. νήθω (nēθō), Welsh nodwydd
*(s)táwros, *(s)téh₂wros bison, bull Av. staora, Goth. stiur, Lith. tauras, Ltv. tauriņš, Gk. ταῦρος (tauros), Gaul. Tarbos, OCS turu, Russ. тур (tur), Polish tur, Eng. steor/steer, Gm. stior/Stier, Old Prussian tauris, Welsh tarw, ON stjórr, þjórr, Lat. taurus, Oscan turuf, Alb. taroç, Ir. tarb/
*(s)teg- *(s)tegō [1ps]) to cover Gk. στέγω (stegō), Lat. tegō, Skr. स्थगति (sthagati), Lith. stogas, Ltv. stags, Ir. tech/teach, Gm. thecken/decken, Eng. þæc/thatch, ON þekja, Russ. стог (stog), Polish stóg, Old Prussian stogis, Umbrian tehteřim, Welsh ty
*(s)teh₂-i- to hide Skr. स्तायत् (stāyat), Av. tāyu, Russ. таить (tait'), Ir. táid/, Hitt. tayezzi, Gk. τηΰσιος (tēüsios)/, Toch. /enestai
*(s)ter- sterile Gk. στεῖρα (steira), Lat. sterilis, Arm. ստերջ (sterǰ), Alb. shtjerre, Gm. stero/, Skr. स्तरी (starī), Goth. stairō, Eng. stierc/, Bulg. sterica
*(sm̥-)ǵʰéslo- thousand Skr. सहस्रम् (sahasram), Av. hazarəm, Pers. /hāzar, Gk. χίλιοι (khilioi), Lat. mīlle, Toch. wälts/yaltse
*saws- to dry Alb. tha, Lith. sausa, Ltv. sauss, Old Prussian sausā, Eng. sēar/sear, Gm. sōrēn/―, Skr. शुष्यति (śuṣyati), Av. haoš, Pers. uška/xošk, Russ. сухой (suxoj), Gk. List of Proto-Indo-European roots (hauos) /, Lat. sūdus
*sed- to sit OCS сѣдѣти (sěděti), Russ. сидеть (sidet'), Polish siedzieć, Lat. sedeō, Lith. sėdėti, Ltv. sēdēt, Gaul. essedum, Eng. sittan/sit, Gm. sizzan/sitzen; sezzal/, ON sitja, Goth. sitan, Gk. ἕζομαι (hezomai)/, Ir. saidim/suidh, Welsh seddu, Skr. सीदति (sīdati), Av. nišaðayeiti, Pers. niyašayadan/nešastan, Arm. նիստ (nist), Old Prussian sīdons, Umbrian sersitu, Toch. sätk/
*segʰ- to hold Skr. सहते (sahate), Gk. ἔχω (ekhō), Gm. sigu/Sieg, ON. sigr, Eng. sige/―
*seh₁- to sow Russ. сеять; семя (seyat'; semja), Lith. sėti, Ltv. sēt, Eng. sāwan/sow, Old Prussian semen, OCS сѣти (sěti), Gm. sāen/säen, ON sá, Goth. saian, Lat. serere, Umbrian semenies, Polish siać, Welsh hil, Ir. sí/síol, Toch. sāry/, Hitt. sai, Skr. सायक (sāyaka), Umbrian semenies
*seh₁i- to sift Alb. shosh, Lith. sietas, Ltv. siets, Ir. sithlad/síolthughadh, Welsh hidl, ON sáld, Gk. ἠθέω (ētheō), Russ. сито (sito), Polish sito, OCS sito
*seh₂g- to seek out Hitt. šak(k), Eng. sǣcan/beseech, Gm. suohhen/suchen, Goth. sōkjan, ON sǿkja, Gk. ἡγέομαι (hēgeomai), Ir. saigim/, Welsh haeddu, Lat. sagīre
*sekʷ- to follow Lat. sequor, Lith. sekti, Ltv. sekt, Gk. ἕπομαι (hepomai), Ir. sech/seach, Welsh hep, ON seggr, Skr. सचते (sacate), Av. hačaitē, Eng. secg/―, Pers. hačā/, Toch. säk/, Alb. shoh, Gm. beinsegga/
*selp- butter Toch. ṣälyp/ṣalype, Gk. ἔλπος (elpos), Hitt. salpa-, Alb. gjalpë, Skr. सर्पिस् (sarpis), Eng. sealf/salve, Osset. carv/, Pers. /čarbi, Gm. salba/Salbe, Goth. salbon
*sem- summer Skr. समा (samā), Eng. sumor/summer, Av. ham, Arm. ամառն (amaṙn), Gm. sumar/Sommer, ON sumar, Welsh haf, Ir. samrad/samhradh, Toch. ṣme/ṣmāye
*sḗm, *sm̥- [prefix] one, together Lat. semel, Arm. մի (mi), Alb. gjithë, Lith. sa, Eng. sum/some, Gm. saman/zusammen, Gk. εἷς (heis), Hitt. san, Av. hakeret, Ir. samail/samhail, Lyc. sñta, Kamviri sâ~, Pers. hama/hamin, Russ. сам (sam), Skr. सकृत् (sakṛt), Toch. sas/ṣe, Welsh hafal, ON sami, Goth. sama
*semi- half Lat. sēmis, Gm. sami/―, Eng. sām-/sand-blind, Goth. sami-, Skr. समि (sami), Gk. ἥμισυς (hēmisus), Kamviri sâmaũ, 'Alb.' gjysmë
*sénos old Lat. senex, Lith. senas, Ltv. sens, Gaul. Senognatus, ON sina, Skr. सन (sana), Av. hana, Arm. հին (hin), Gk. ἕνος (henos), Welsh hyn, Goth. sineigs, Ir. sen/sean
*septḿ̥ seven Arm. եւթն (ewtʿn), Alb. shtatë/shtatë, Lith. septyni, Ltv. septiņi, Gaul. sextan, Gm. sibun/sieben, Eng. seofon/seven, Gk. ἑπτά (hepta), Av. hapta, Ir. secht/seacht, Hitt. šipta-, Kashmiri sath, Kamviri sut, Lat. septem, Oscan 𐌔𐌄𐌚𐌕𐌄𐌍 (seften), ON sjau, Old Prussian septīnjai, Osset. avd/avd, Pers. /haft, OCS сєдмь (sedmĭ), Polish siedem, Russ. семь (sem'), Skr. सप्तन् (saptán), Toch. ṣpät/ṣukt, Goth. sibun, Welsh saith
*septm̥-ḱómt-h₂ seventy Lat. septuāgintā, Gk. ἑβδομήκοντα (hebdomēkonta), Ir. /seachtó, Skr. सप्तति (saptati)
*serpe- to creep Alb. gjarpër/gjarpën, Gk. ἕρπω (herpō), Lat. serpō, Skr. सृप् (sṛp), Kashmiri so.rūph
*sewyós left (direction), left-hand Skr. सव्य (savya), Welsh aswy, Av. haoya, Toch. ―/saiwai, OCS šujĭ
*skand- to leap Skr. स्कन्दति (skandati), Gk. σκάνδαλον (skandalon), Ir. scendim/scinn, Lat. scandere
*skap- tool Russ. щепа (ščepa), Lith. kapoti, Ltv. kaplis, Gm. skaft/, Gk. σκεπάρνιον (skeparnion), Lat. capus, Pers. /kāfad, Alb. kep, Old Prussian warnaycopo, ON skapt, OCS kopajǫ
*(s)kend- to shine Alb. hënë/hânë, Middle Bret. cann, Welsh cann, Skr. candra
*smek- chin Ir. smech/smeach, Lith. smakras, Ltv. smakrs, Skr. श्मश्रु (śmaśru), Hitt. zamakur, Arm. մորուք (moruk'), Alb. mjekër, Lat. maxilla
*smeru- grease Ir. smiur/, Gk. σμύρις (smuris), Lat. medulla, Gm. smero/Schmer, Welsh mer, Eng. smerian/smear, Polish smar, Toch. /ṣmare, Lith. smarsas, ON smjǫr, Goth. smaírþr
*sneygʷʰ- (to) snow Lith. sniegas, Ltv. sniegs, Old Prussian snaygis, Russ. снег (sneg), Ir. snechta/sneachta, Skr. स्नेह (sneha), Eng. snāw/snow, Gk. νίφα (nipha), Gm. sneo/Schnee, ON snjór, Goth. snaiws, Polish śnieg, Welsh nyf, Av. snaēža, Toch. /śiñcatstse
*sneudʰ- mist Av. snaoða, Welsh nudd, Gk. νοῦθος (nouthos), Lat. nūbēs
*snusós daughter-in-law Skr. स्नुषा (snuṣā), Eng. snoru/―, Gk. νυός (nuos), Lat. nurus, Arm. նու (nu), OCS snŭxa, Polish snecha, Russ. сноха (snoxa), Alb. nusa, Crimean Gothic schuos, ON snor, Gm. snur/Schnur
*sáls, *séh₂ls salt Lat. sāl, Umbrian salu, Toch. sāle/sālyiye, Lith. saldus, Ltv. sāļš, Eng. sealt/salt, Gk. ἅλς (hals), Arm. աղ (ał), Ir. salann/, OCS соль (solĭ), Russ. соль (sol'), Gm. salz/Salz, Polish sól, Welsh halen, Alb. ngjelmët; gjelbson, ON salt, Goth. salt, Old Prussian sal, Skr. सलिल (salila), Illyr. Salapia
*s(w)okʷós sap, resin Alb. gjak, Gk. ὀπός (opós), Toch. sak/sekwe, Russ. сок (sok), Lith. sakai, OCS сокъ (sokŭ)
*solwo- whole Toch. salu/solme, Gk. ὅλος (holos), Arm. ողջ (ołǰ), Ir. slán/slán, Alb. gjallë, Skr. सर्व (sarva), Av. haurva, Kamviri sũdi, Polish sowity, Welsh holl, Lat. salvus, Oscan salavs, Umbrian saluvom, Russ. сулей (sulej), Pers. haluva/, OCS sulĕi
*sp(y)eu- to spit Lat. spuere, Gk. πτύω (ptuō), OCS pljujǫ, Lith. spjauti, Ltv. spļaut, Eng. spiwan/spew, Gm. spīwan/speien, ON spýja, Goth. spiewan, Skr. ष्ठीवति (ṣṭhīvati), Av. spāma, Arm. թուք (tʿukʿ), Pers. /tuf, Osset. thu, Russ. плюю (pljuju), Polish pluć
*sperg- sparrow Gm. sperk/sperling, Eng. spearwa/sparrow, Goth. sparwa, ON spǫrr, Toch. ṣpār/ṣpāra-, Gk. sparasion?, Old Prussian spurglis, Pers. /parasto, Lat. parra, Umbrian parfam, Ir. serriach/
*splenǵʰ- spleen Gk. σπλήν (splēn), Lat. liēn, Ir. selg/sealg, Av. sparazan, Skr. प्लीहन् (plīhan), Lith. blužnis, Old Prussian blusne, Kamviri pṛu, Arm. փայծաղն (p'aycałn), OCS slĕzena, Russ. селезёнка (selezjonka), Polish śledziona, Bret. felc'h
*srebʰ- to gulp Lat. sorbēo, Arm. արբենալ (arbenal), Alb. gjerbë, Gk. ῥοφέω (rhopheō), Ir. srub, Lith. srėbti, Ltv. surbt; surbju, Russ. сёрбать (sjorbat'), Polish siorbać
*steh₂- to stand Av. hištaiti, Skr. तिष्ठति (tiṣṭhati), Eng. standan/stand, Lat. stō, Umbrian stahmei, Oscan staíet, Lith. stoti, Ltv. stāt, Old Prussian stacle, OCS stati, Russ. стать (stat'), Gm. stān/stehen, Polish stać, Phryg. eistani, Goth. standan, ON stóð, Pers. aištata/istādan, Alb. shtuara, Welsh gwastad, Toch. ṣtām/stām, Gk. ἵστημι (histēmi), Ir. tá/tá, Hitt. išta, Luw. išta-, Arm. ստանալ (stanal), Lyc. ta-
*steygh- to stride, to step Alb. shteg, Lith. stigti, Ltv. steigt, Ir. techt/teachd, Welsh taith, Goth. steigan, ON stígan, Eng. stǣger/stair, Gm. stīgan/steigen, Gk. στίχος (stikhos), Skr. स्तिघ्नोति (stighnoti), Russ. достигать (dostigat'), Polish ścigać, OCS postigǫnti
*suh₁- swine Eng. sū/sow, Ltv. sivēns, Russ. свин (svin), Skr. सूकर (sūkara), Alb. thi, Gk. ὗς (hus), Gm. sū/Sau, Toch. ―/suwo, Ir. socc/soc, Welsh hwch, Polish świnia, Lat. sūs, Umbrian sif, ON sýr, Goth. swein, Av. hū
*suro- cheese Lith. sūris, Russ. сыр (syr), ON surr, Alb. hirrë, Polish ser
*swe- self, oneself (third person reflexive enclitic pronoun) Carian sfes, Lyd. śfa-, OPruss. sien; sin, Lith. savo, Latv sevi, Gm. sih/sich; sin/sein, Goth. sik, Gk. ἑός (heos), Skr. sva, OCS se, Phryg. ve, ON sik; sinn, Eng. sīn/--, Alb. vetë, Lat. sē; sibi; suus, Oscan sífeí, Umbrian seso, Av. hva, Arm. ինքը (ink'ë), Russ. себя (sebja)
*swésōr sister Eng. sweostor/sister, Gm. swester/Schwester, Skr. स्वसृ (svasṛ), OCS сєстра (sestra), Russ. сестра (sestra), Polish siostra, Kamviri sus, Ir. siur/siur, Arm. քոյր (k'oyr), Toch. ṣar/ṣer, Gk. ἔορ (eor)/―, Lat. soror. Welsh chwaer, Gaul. suiior, ON systir, Goth. swistar, Av. xvaṅhar, Lith. sesuo, Old Prussian swestro, Pers. /xāhar
*swȇḱuros father-/mother-in-law Russ. свекровь (svekrov'), Skr. श्वशुर (śvaśura); श्वश्रू (śvaśrū), Lith. šešuras, Gm. swigur/Schwieger, Welsh chwegr, Arm. սկեսուր (skesur), Gk. ἑκυρός (hekuros), Lat. socrus, Alb. vjehërr, Kamviri č.uč., Eng. swēor/―, Av. xvasura-, Polish świekra, Goth. swaíhrō, ON svǽra, OCS svekŭrŭ
*sweh₂d-u- sweet Eng. swēte/sweet, Gk. ἡδύς (hēdus), Lat. suāvis, Gaul. Suadurīx, Gm. suozi/süss, ON sötr, Welsh chwant, Ir. sant/, Skr. स्वादु (svādu), Lith. sūdyti, Av. xʷāsta, Goth. sutis, Toch. swār/swāre
*swey- to whistle Russ. свист (svist), Lith. švilpti, Ltv. svilpiens, Skr. क्ष्वेडति (kṣveḍati), Ir. ind fet/fead, Welsh chwythu, Polish świst, Gk. σίζω (sizō)/, Lat. sibāre, Goth. swiglōn, Gm. swegala/, Eng. swegalōn/, OCS svistati
*sweid- sweat Arm. քիրտն (k'irtn), Alb. djersë, Eng. swǣtan/sweat, Lith. saldus, Ltv. sviedri, Skr. स्वेदते (svedate), Gk. ἱδρόω (hidroō), Lat. sūdor, Gm. sweiz/Schweiss, Welsh chwys, ON sveiti, Av. xvaēda
*swel- to burn Ltv. svelt, Lith. sveltu, Goth. swiltan, ON svalr, Eng. swelan, Gk. ἥλιος (hēlios), Skr. स्वरति (svarati), Toch. slam/sleme
*swep- sleep Lith. sapnas, Skr. स्वप्न (svapna), Lat. somnus, ON svefn, Toch. ṣpäṃ/ṣpane, Gk. ὕπνος (hupnos), Av. xvafna, Ir. suán/suan, OCS sunu, Russ. сон (son), Arm. քուն (k'un), Alb. gjumë, Welsh hun, Eng. swefan/―, Pers. /xāb
*swep- to throw Lat. supāre, Skr. स्वपू (svapū), Lith. supti, Ltv. šūpāt, OCS svepiti sę, Russ. сыпать (sypat'), ON sófl, Polish sypać
*swergʰ- to be ill Goth. saurga, Gm. soraga/Sorge, Skr. सूर्क्षति (sūrkṣati), Ir. serg/, Lith. sirgti, Ltv. sirgt, Eng. sorg/sorrow, ON sorg, Alb. dergjet, OCS sraga, Russ. сорога (soroga), Toch. särk/sark, Arm. երկ (erk)
*swéḱs six Arm. վեց (vec'), Alb. gjashtë, Lith. šeši, Ltv. seši, Gaul. suex, Gm. sēhs/sechs, Eng. siex/six, Gk. ἕξ (heks), Av. xš.uuaš, Illyr. ses-, Ir. sé/sé, Kashmiri śe, Kamviri ṣu, Lat. sex, Oscan 𐌔𐌄𐌇𐌔 (sehs), ON sex, Old Prussian usjai, Osset. æxsæz/æxsæz, Pers. /šeš, OCS šestĭ, Polish sześć, Russ. шесть (šest'), Skr. षष् (ṣaṣ), Toch. ṣäk/ṣkas, Umbrian 𐌔𐌄𐌇𐌔 (sehs), Goth. saihs, Welsh chwech
*swonos- to sound Skr. स्वनति (svanati), Lat. sonāre, Eng. swan/swan, Gm. swan/Schwan, ON svanr, Av. xvanatčaxra, Ir. senim/seinm
*swordó- black Lat. sordēre, Eng. sweart/swarthy, Gm. swarz/schwarz, Goth. swarts, ON svartr, Lith. sartas
*syuh₁- to sew Skr. सीव्यति (sīvyati), Lat. suere, Eng. seowian/sew, Lith. siūti, Ltv. šūt, Russ. шить (šit'), Polish szyć, ON sýja, Goth. siujan, Gk. ὑμήν (humēn), Old Prussian schumeno, Gm. siuwen/Saum, OCS šijǫ, Hitt. suel
*sóh₂wl̥ sun Lat. sōl, Lith. saulė, Ltv. saule, Welsh haul, Gk. ἥλιος (hēlios), Eng. sigel/―; sunne/sun, OCS slunice, Russ. солнце (solntse), Skr. सूर्य (sūrya), Av. hvarə, Gm. sunna/Sonne, ON sól; sunna, Goth. sauil; sunno, Welsh haul, Ir. súil/súil, Toch. swāñce/swāñco, Kamviri su, Polish słońce, Old Prussian saule, Pers. -farnah-/
*suHnús, *suHyús son Skr. सूनु (sūnú), Av. hunu-, Lith. sūnùs, Old Prussian souns, Eng. sunu/son, Gm. sunu/Sohn, Goth. 𐍃𐌿𐌽𐌿𐍃 (sunus), ON sonr, OCS сꙑнъ (synŭ), Russ. сын (syn), Gk. υἱύς (huius), Toch. se/soy, soṃśke, Arm. ուստր (ustr)
[edit]h₁, e/o

(edit)
Root Meaning Derivatives
*h₁ar-mo- arm Osset. арм (arm), Arm. արմունկ (armunk), Lat. armus, OCS рамо (ramo), Goth. 𐌰𐍂𐌼𐍃 (arms), Serb. rame (shoulder), Eng. earm/arm, Skr. ईर्म (īrmá), Old Prussian irmo, Gm. aram/Arm, ON armr, Gk. ἄρθρον (arthron)/
*h₁dónts tooth Lat. dens, Gk. ὀδούς (odous), Welsh dant, Lith. dantis, Skr. दत् (dát), Marathi /dat, Eng. tōþ/tooth, Gm. zand/Zahn, Goth. tunþus, Polish dziąsło, Russ. десна (desna), Welsh dant, Kamviri dut, Pers. /دندان (dandān), Kashmiri dãd, Ir. dét/déad, ON tǫnn, Osset. дæндаг (dændag)
*h₁ed- to eat Lith. ėsti, Ltv. ēst, Old Prussian ist, Russ. есть (jest'), Polish jeść, Skr. अत्ति (átti), Av. ad, Arm. ուտել (utel), Hitt. 𒂊𒀉𒈪 (eidmi), Luw. ad-; az-, Palaic ata-, Lat. edō, Oscan edum, Gk. ἔδω (edō), Eng. etan/eat, Gm. essan/essen, ON eta, Goth. itan, Ir. esse/, Thrac. esko-, Toch. /yesti, OCS ꙗсти (jasti)
*h₁edʰ- sharp Russ. ель (jel'), Lith. eglė, Ltv. egle, Lat. ebulus, Gaul. odocos, Ir. aidlen/ailim, Old Prussian addle, Eng. ellærn/elder (tree), Gm. attuh/, Polish jodła, Gk. elate
*h₁eh₁ter- intestines Gk. ἦτορ (ētor)/, Ir. inathar/, Lat. uterus, ON ǽðr, Eng. ǣdder/, Gm. ādra/Ader
*h₁eh₂-ter- fire Arm. այրել (ayrel), Ir. áith/áith, Welsh odyn, Av. ātarš, Pers. آدر (ādar), Lat. āter, Umbrian atru, Oscan Aadíriis
*h₁ey- to go Skr. एति (éti), Av. aēiti, Gk. εἶμι (eimi), Lat. eō, Umbrian ier, Oscan eítuns, Kamviri ie, Gaul. eimu, Toch. i/i, Ir. ethaim/, Pers. 𐎠𐎡𐎫𐎡𐎹 (aitiy) /, OCS ити (iti), Luw. 𒄿𒄿 (iti), Goth. iddja, Eng. ēode/--, Lith. eiti, Ltv. iet, Old Prussian eit, Russ. идти (idti), Polish iść, Alb. ik
*h₁eibʰ- to copulate Gm. eiba/―, Skr. यभति (yabhati), Russ. ебать (jebat'), Illyr. Oibalos, Gk. οἴφω (oiphō)/, Polish jebać
*h₁el- elbow Gm. elina/elle, Gk. ὠλένη (ōlenē), Arm. ոլոք (olok'), Lith. uolektis, Ltv. olekts, Russ. локоть (lokot'), Skr. आणि (āṇi), Welsh elin, Eng. eln/ell, Ir. uilin/uille, Goth. aleina, ON aln, Alb. llërë/llânë, Av. arəθna, Old Prussian woaltis, OCS pakŭtĭ, Polish łokieć, Pers. /ارن (āran, aran)
*h₁engʷ- gland Alb. angërr, Gk. ἀδήν (adēn), Lat. inguen, ON ökkvinn
*h₁epero- boar Lith. Vepriai, Ltv. vepris, Gm. ebur/Eber, Eng. eofor/--, Russ. вепрь (vepr'), Polish wieprz, Skr. वपति (vapati), Lat. aper; vepres, Umbrian apruf, Old Prussian Weppren, Thrac. ebros, ON jǫfurr, Gaul. eburo
*h₁er- goat Arm. որոճ (oroč̣), Lith. ėriukas, Ltv. jērs, Old Prussian eristian, Lat. ariēs, Umbrian erietu, Ir. heirp/earb, Gk. ἔριφος (eriphos), Gm. irah/, OCS jarici
*h₁erh₁gʷo- pea Gk. ὄροβος (orobos), Ir. orbaind/, Welsh erfin, Lat. ervum, Gm. arawīz/Erbse, ON ertr, Serb. grašak, zrno graška, Skt. aravindam
*h₁es- to be OCS єстъ (estŭ), Russ. есть (est'), Lith. esmi, Ltv. esmu, Old Prussian asmai, Gk. ἐστί (esti), Ir. am/, Skr. अस्ति (ásti), Av. asti, Lat. esse, Umbrian sent, Oscan súm, Eng. is/is, Arm. եմ (em), Polish jest, Serb. biti, Alb. është/âsht, Gm. ist/ist, Goth. 𐌹𐍃𐍄 (ist), ON es, Hitt. 𒂊𒌍𒍣 (ēszi), Lyc. es, Luw. as, Lyd. e-, Palaic aš-, Toch. ṣe/ṣei, Pers. 𐎠𐎿𐎫𐎡𐎹 (astiy) / است (ast)
*h₁eu- to dress Av. aoθra, Russ. обуть (obut'), Polish obuć, Lith. aũti, Ltv. àut, Lat. exuō; induō; subūcula, Arm. ագանիմ (aganim), Old Prussian auclo, Umbrian anovihimu, Ir. fúan/, Welsh gŵn, OCS obujǫ; izuti, Alb. mbath, Toch. /ewe
*h₁euhdʰ-r̥- udder Lith. ūdruoju, Eng. ūder/udder, Gm. ūtir/Euter, ON jūgr, Gk. οὖθαρ (outhar), Skr. ऊधस् (ū́dhas), Lat. ūber, Russ. вымя (vimja), Polish wymię
*h₁eus- to burn Alb. ushël, Lith. usnis, Ltv. usna, Lat. ūrō, Gk. εὕω (heuō), Gm. eimuria/, Eng. ǣmerge/ember, ON usli, Skr. ओषति (oṣati),
*h₁ewegʷʰ- to praise Skr. वाघत् (vāghat), Av. raštarəvaġənti, Gk. εὔχομαι (eukhomai), Arm. գոգ (gog), Lat. vovēre, Umbrian vufetes
*h₁eǵʰi- hedgehog Russ. ёж (jož), Lith. ežys, Ltv. ezis, Phryg. eksis, Gk. ἐχῖνος (ekhinos), Gm. igil/Igel, Arm. ոզնի (ozni), Eng. igil/--, ON ígul, Osset. уызын (wyzyn), Polish jeż, Phryg. eksis, Alb. esh
*h₁eǵʰs out Lat. ex, Gk. ἐκ (ek)/ἐξ (eks), Gaul. ex-, Ir. ass/as; acht/; echtar, Russ. из (iz), Alb. jashtë, Oscan eh-, Umbrian ehe-, Lith. iš, Ltv. iz, Old Prussian is, Welsh a
*h₁éḱwos horse Lat. equus, Toch. yuk/yakwe, Gaul. epos, Gk. ἵππος (hippos), Skr. अश्व (áśva), Av. asva-, Lith. ašva, Old Prussian aswinan, Kamviri ušpa, Eng. eoh/―, Gm. ehwaz/―, Goth. aiƕtundi, ON iór, Hitt. aśuwas, Arm. էշ (ēš) , Welsh ebol, Ir. ech/each, Thrac. esvas, Lyc. esbe-, Phryg. es', Pers. 𐎠𐎿 (asa) / اسپ (asp), Osset. ефс (efs, “mare”)/æфсæ (æfsæ), Venetic ekvon, Alb. sasë
*h₁nḗh₃mn̥ name Toch. ñom/ñem, Lat. nōmen, Umbrian 𐌄𐌌𐌏𐌍 (nome), Eng. nama/name, Gm. namo/Name, ON nafn, Goth. 𐌽𐌰𐌼𐍉 (namō), Skr. नामन् (nā́man), Av. nąman, Gk. ὄνομα (onoma), OCS имѧ (imę), Russ. имя (imja), Serb. ime, Alb. emër/êmën, Ir. ainm/ainm, Welsh enw, Hitt. 𒆷𒀀𒈠𒀭 (lāman), Kamviri nom, Pers. 𐎴𐎠𐎶 (nāma) / نام (nām), Arm. անուն (anun), Polish imię, Old Prussian emnes
*h₁oh₁s- mouth Skr. आस् (ās)); ओष्ठ (óṣṭha), Av. aosta, Lat. ōs, Lith. uosta, Ltv. osta, Russ. уста (usta), Kamviri âša, Old Prussian austo, Eng. ōr/―, Hitt. aiš, ON oss
*h₁oh₁ḱ-u- quick Gk. ὠκύς (ōkus), Lat. ōcior, OWelsh di-auc, Av. āsu, Skr. आशु (āśú), Russ. ястреб (jastreb), OCS jastrębŭ
*h₁omH₁-so- shoulder Gk. ὦμος (ōmos), Lat. umĕrus, Skr. अंस (aṃsa), Goth. ams, ON ass, Toch. es/āntse, Arm. ուս (us)
*h₁oḱtō(u) eight Arm. ութ (ut'), Alb. tëte/tetë, Lith. aštuoni, Ltv. astoņi, Gaul. oxtū, Gm. ahto/acht, Eng. eahta/eight, Gk. ὀκτώ (oktō), Av. ašta, Ir. ocht/ocht, Kashmiri ā.ṭh, Lyc. aitãta-, Kamviri uṣṭ, Lat. octō, Oscan uhto, ON átta, Old Prussian astōnjai, Osset. аст (ast); фараст (farast, "nine"), Pers. ašta/هشت (hašt), OCS осмь (osmĭ), Polish osiem, Russ. восемь (vosem'), Skr. अष्ट (aṣṭa), Toch. okät/okt, Goth. ahtau, Welsh wyth
*h₁reudʰ-ó- red Lat. ruber, Eng. rēad/red, Lith. raudonas, Ltv. ruds, Skr. रुधिर (rudhira), Russ. рдеть (rdet'), Gk. ἐρυθρός (eruthros), Toch. rtär/ratre, Av. raoðita, Goth. rauþs, ON rauðr, rjóðr, Gm. rōt/rot, Oscan Rufriis, Umbrian rufru, Ir. ruadh/ Welsh rhudd, Gaul. Roudos
*h₁rebʰ- to roof Gk. ἐρέφω (erephō), OCS rebro, Russ. ребро (rebro), Eng. ribb/rib, ON rif, Gm. ribba/Rippe, Polish żebro
*h₁rep- to snatch Lat. rapere, Gk. ἐρέπτομαι (ereptomai); ἁρπάζω (harpazō), Lith. ap-répti, Eng. reap, Gm. reifsen, Alb. rjep
*h₁reug- to vomit Russ. рыгать (rygat'), Polish rzygać, Lith. riaugėti, Ltv. raugāties, Gk. ἐρεύγομαι (ereugomai), Lat. ructāre, Eng. rēocan/reek, Gm. rouhhan/rauchen; itruchen/, ON reykja, Pers. /āroġ, Arm. ործկալ (orçkal)
*h₁reugʰmen- cream Lith. rūgti, Ltv. raugs, Av. raoġna, Pers. /roġān, ON rjúmi, Eng. rēam/ream, Gm. roum/Rahm, Alb. vrug
*h₁reus-men- throat Skr. रोमन्थ (romantha), Lat. rūmen, Welsh rhumen, Lith. raumuo, Ltv. raumins
*h₁éh₃g-o- berry Toch. oko/oko, Lith. úoga, Ltv. oga, OCS jagoda, Russ. ягода (jagoda), Polish jagoda, Goth. akran, ON akarn, Gm. ēker/Ecker, Eng. æcern/acorn, Ir. arni/àirne, Welsh eirin
*h₁ésh₂r̥- (nom-acc. *h₁ésh₂r̥, gen. *h₁esh₂n-ós) blood Skr. असृज् (ásṛj), Old Lat. aser, Lat. sanguen, Ir. iarn/iarann, Ltv. asins, Hitt. ēšar, Lyc. esêne-, Luw. ašhar-, Toch. ysār/yasar, Gk. ἔαρ (éar), Arm. արյուն (ariwn)
*h₂ōwyóm egg Lat. ōvum, Gk. ᾠόν (ōon), Russ. яйцо (jajtso), Gm. ei/Ei, Eng. ǣg/Cockney, Ir. /ubh, Welsh ŵy, Alb. ve/vo, ON egg, Crimean Gothic ada, Arm. ձու (ju), Pers. xāyah, OCS ajĭse, Kurd. hék
*h₁ói-no- one Alb. një/njâ; njëri/njâni, Lith. vienas, Ltv. viens, Gaul. oinos, Gm. ein/eins, Eng. ān/one, Gk. οἶος (oios), Av. aēuua, Ir. óin/aon, Kashmiri akh, Kamviri ev, Oscan uinus, ON einn, Old Prussian aīns, Osset. иу (iu)/ieu, Pers. aiva/yek, OCS edinŭ, Polish jeden, Russ. один (odin), Skr. एक (eka), Lat. ūnus, Umbrian uns, Goth. ains, Welsh un
[edit]h₂, a

(edit)
Root Meaning Derivatives
*h₂ebl-o- apple Lith. obuolys, Ltv. ābols, Eng. æppel/apple, Russ. яблоко (jabloko), Ir. uball/ubhall, Gm. aphul/Apfel, Polish jabłko, Welsh afal, Old Prussian woble, Skr. अबल (abala), ON eple, Gaul. avallo, OCS аблъко (ablŭko)
h₂eǵʰ- plough animal Arm. եզն (ezn), Ir. ag/agh, Welsh ael; eilion, Skr. अही (ahī), Av. azī
*h₂ego- fault, sin Skr. आगस् (ā́gas), Gk. ἄγος (agos), Eng. acan/ache
*akʷā- water Lat. aqua, Welsh aig, Russ. Ока (Oka), Goth. aha, Gm. aha/Ache, Eng. éa; īg/island, Hitt. akwanzi, Luw. ahw-, Palaic aku-, ON á, Goth. aƕa
*h₂ep- water Skr. अप् (apha), Pers. 𐎠𐎱𐎡𐎹𐎠 (apiyā) / آب (āb), Lith úpe ; *h₂p-isk- "fish" Lat. piscis, Ir. íasc/iasc, Goth. fisks, ON fiskr, Eng. fisc/fish, Gm. fisc/Fisch, Russ. пескарь (peskar'), Polish piskorz
*h₂egʷs-ih₂- axe Lat. ascia, Eng. æx/axe, Gm. ackis/Axt, Gk. ἀξίνη (aksinē), ON øx, Goth. aqizi
*h₂egʷʰno- lamb OCS agnę, Russ. ягнёнок (jagnjonok), Gk. ἀμνός (amnos), Ir. úan/uan, Eng. ēanian/yean, Welsh oen, Lat. agnus, Umb. habina, Pol. jagnię, Alb. enjë/êjë
*h₂eig- sick Lat. aeger, Toch. ekroill/aikare, ON eikenn; eikja/eikla, Lith. ingas, Ltv. angus, OCS jęsa, Russ. яга (jaga), Polish jędza, Eng. ācol/, Arm. yekro/yegro?, Alb. kë-ëk
*h₂eim- copy Hitt. ḫimma, Lat. aemulus; imāgō; reimere; geminus, MIr. emon, Alb. gjysmë, Lith. jumis, Skt. yamá, Av.' yima
*h₂eiti- part Av. aēta, Oscan aeteis, Gk. αἴτιος (aitios)
*h₂eiw- vital force Skr. आयु (āyu), Lat. aevum, Ir. áes/aois, Av. āyū, Toch. A āym, Eng. æfre/ever, Gm. īo/je; êwig/ewig, Goth. aiws, ON ei, Gk. αἰών (aiōn), Alb. eshë
*h₂eiǵ- goat Skr. एड (eḍajá), Av. izaēna, Pers. azg, Arm. այծ (ayc), Gk. αἴξ (aïx), Alb. edh, Lith ožỹs, Ltv. āzis
*h₂eiǵ- oak Lith. ąžuolas, Lat. aesculus, Gk. aigilōps; κράταιγος (krataigos), ON eik, Eng. āc/oak, Gm. eihha/Eiche, MIr. áesc, Alb. enjë
*h₂eiḱ- spear/pike Gk. aiklos?/, Lat. īcō, Old Prussian aysmis, OCS igla, Polish igła, Av. išarə, Lith. iešmas, Ltv. iesms, ON eigin, Russ. игла (igla)
*h₂eiḱ- to be master of, to possess Eng. āgan/ought, Goth. aigan, Gm. eigan/eigen, ON eiga, Skr. ईष्टे (īṣṭe), Av. īšti
*h₂ek-mon- stone Gk. ἄκμων (akmōn), Lith. akmuo, Ltv. akmens, Skr. अश्मन् (áśman), Av. asman, Russ. камень (kamen'), Eng. hamer/hammer, Polish kamień, ON hamarr, Hitt. aku, Pers. 𐎠𐎿𐎶𐎠𐎴𐎶 (asmānam)/, Gaul. acaunum, Gm. hamar/Hammer
*h₂el-yó- *h₂el-nó- other Lat. alius, Eng. elles/else; ōþer/other, Skr. अरण (araṇa), Gk. ἄλλος (allos), Oscan allo, Toch. ālak/allek, Arm. այլ (ayl), Gaul. alla, Ir. aile/eile, Welsh ail, Goth. alijs; anþar, Gm. elilenti/elend; andar/andere, ON elligar; annarr, Lyd. aλaś, Osset. æндæр (ændær)
*h₂elbʰ-it- barley Alb. elb, Gk. ἄλφιτον (alphiton), Pashto ōrbaše, Wakhi arbəsi
*h₂elbʰó- white Lat. albus, Umbrian alfu, Hitt. alpas, Gm. Alps, Welsh elfydd, Russ. лебедь (lebed'), Eng. ælf/elf, Gk. ἀλφός (alphos), Lyc. alb-, ON alfr
*h₂elud- beer Lith. alus, Ltv. alus, Lat. alūmen, Eng. ealu/ale, Gk. ἀλύδοιμος (aludoimos)?/, ON ǫl, Old Prussian alu, OCS olŭ
*h₂en- ancestor Gk. ἀννίς (annís), Lat. anus; anna, Mess. ana, Gm. ano/Ahn, Lith. anyta, Hitt. hannas, Arm. հան (han), Russ. внук (vnuk), Old Prussian ane, OIr. Ana
*h₂en- spirit Skr. अन (ana), Goth. uzanan; andi, OIr. animm; anál, Gk. ἄνεμος (ánemos), Lat. animus; anima, OCS vonja, Russ. вонь (von'), Welsh anysbryd, ON anda; ǫnd, Eng. eðian; ōþian, Welsh eneid, Av. åntya, Lith. anuoti, Arm. անձն (anjn); հողմ (hołm), Alb. ëj/âj, Oscan anamum, Toch. āñcäm/āñme
*h₂engwi- snake Lat. anguis; anguilla, Lith. angìs; ankštiraĩ; ungurys, OHG unc; angar/Engerling, Ir. escung/eascann, Welsh llys-yw-en; euod; euon, Russ. угорь (ugor'), Gk. ochis; échis; ἔγχελυς (enkhelus), OPruss. angurgis, Alb. thnegël, Toch auk, Arm. աւձ (awj), իժ (iž), Skt. áhis, Av. aži
*h₂enh₁-ti- duck Lat. anas, Skr. आति (ātí), Oss. ацц (acc), Russ. утка (utka), Gm. anut/Ente, Eng. æned/--, ON ǫnd, Lith/Ltv. ántis, Alb. rosë, Gk. νῆττα (nētta)
*h₂enk- angle OHG ango, Osset. æнгуыр (ænguyr), Skr. अङ्क (áṅka), Lat. ancus, Lith. anka, Ltv. āķis, Arm. անկիւն (ankiwn); Gk. ὄγκος (onkos); ἄγκος (ankōn), Russ. угол (ugol), ON angi, Av. aṅkupəsəmna, Welsh angad; crafanc, OIr. ēcath, Hitt. hink
*h₂enǵʰ- narrow Gk. ἄγχω (ankhō)/, Skr. अंहु (aṁhu), Av. ązaṅhē, Russ. узкий (uzkij), Goth. aggwus, ON aungr, Arm. անձուկ (anjuk), Gm. engi/eng, Hitt. hamenk, OCS ǫzŭkŭ, Polish wąski, Lith. ankšta, Toch. eṁts/entse, Eng. enge/, Welsh yng, Ir. cumung/cung, Lat. angor; angere, Alb. ang
*h₂ep- river, lake Hitt. 𒄩𒉺𒀀 (ḫapaa), Palaic ḫapnas, Luw. 𒄩𒀀𒁉𒅖 (ḫāpis), Ltv. upe, Lith. upė, Old Prussian ape, Eng. ōfer/, Gm. /Ufer, Skr. अप् (áp), Av. afš, Lat. amnis, Toch. āp/āp
*h₂ep- to reach Av. apayeiti, Lat. apex, Skr. आप्त (āpta), Gk. ἅπτω (haptō), Arm. ունիմ (unim), Hitt. apanzi, Toch. oppäśśi/, Polish opaść
*h₂eps-eh₂- aspen Eng. æspe/aspen, Gm. aspa/Espe, ON ǫsp, Lith. epušė, Ltv. apse, Old Pruss. abse, Pol. osa, Gk. ἄσπρις (aspris), Lat. abiēs, Welsh aethnen
*h₂er- nut Lith. ruošutỹs, Russ. орех (orékh), Alb. arrë, Gk. árna, Pol. orzech, Hitt. harau
*h₂erg- to lock Gk. ἀρκέω (arkeō), Lat. arcēre, Arm. արգել (argel), Goth. arka, Old Prussian arkan, Polish arkan, Hitt. ḫark-, Toch. B ārk, Oscan trííbarakavúm, Lith. raktas; užrakinti
*h₂erH₁- to plow Toch. āre/āre, Lat. arō; aratrum, Gk. ἀροτήρ (arotēr), Lith. arti; ārklas, Ltv. art, OCS orati, Russ. орать (orat'), Arm. արաւր (arawr), Pol. orać, Goth. arjan, Eng. erian/, ON arðr, Welsh arddu; aradr, OIr. airim; arathar, OPruss. artoys, OHG erien
*h₂erǵó-, *h₂erǵí- white, shining Gk. ἄργυρος (arguros), Lat. arguō, Hitt. ḫarkiš, Toch. ārki/arkwi, Eng. eorcnanstān/―, Gk. erchan?/―, Skr. अर्जुन (arjuna), Ir. argat/airgead, Av. arəzah, Welsh ariant, Oscan aragetud, Arm. արծաթ (arcatʿ), Phryg. arg, Thrac. arzas, Goth. unairkns
*h₂eu- to help Skr. अवति (ávati), Lat. aveō; avārus, Av. avaiti, Arm. աւիւն (awiwn), Gaul. Avicantus, Gk. -aones?, Lith. aušti, Ltv. aust, OIr. con-oí, Toch. olar/aulāre, ON auð, Eng. īþe/, Gm. ōdmuoti/, Welsh ewyllys; adaw
*h₂eug- to glance Gk. αὐγή (augē), Alb. ag; agoj, Russ. юг (jug), OCS jugŭ
*h₂eug- to increase Lith. augti, Ltv. augt, Lat. auctis, Gk. αὐξάνω (auksanō), Skr. उग्र (ugra), Toch. ok/auk, Eng. eacan/eke; weaxan/wax, Gm. ouh/auch; wahsan/wachsen, ON auka; vaxa, Goth. aukan; wahsjan, Old Prussian auginnons, Umbrian uhtur
*h₂euH₂o- *h₂éuh₂-yo- paternal grandfather, maternal uncle Lat. avus; avunculus, Gaul. avontīr, Gk. aia?, Lith. avynas, Old Prussian awis, Welsh ewythr, Arm. հաւ (haw), Eng. ēam/, Ir. aue/ó, Goth. awó, Gm. ōheim/Ohm; Awwe, OCS uy, Russ. уй (uj), Polish wuj, Hitt. huhhas; Alb. joshë
*h₂eus- dawn Lat. ver; Aurōra, Lith. aušra, Ltv. ausma, Gm. ōstra/Osten, Skr. उषस् (uṣas), Russ. утро (utro), Eng. ēast/east, Gk. ἠώς (hēōs), ON austr, Av. ušastara, Ir. fáir, Welsh gwawr, Alb. err
*h₂éwis (gen. *h₂wei-s) bird Lat. avis, Av. vīš, Skr. वि (vís), Arm. հաւ (haw), Gk. ἀετός (aetos), Lith. višta, Ltv. vista, Umb. avif, Ir. aoi, Welsh hwyad, Alb. vida
*h₂eǵʰero- lake Lith. ežeras, Ltv. ezers, Russ. озеро (ozero), Illyr. Oseriates, Gk. Ἀχέρων (Akherōn), OCS ѥзєро (jezero), Pol. jezioro, OPruss. assaran
*h₂eḱ- sharp Gk. ἄκρος (akros), Lat. ācer, Skr. अश्रि (aśri), OCS остръ (ostrŭ), Russ. ость; острый (ost'; ostryj), Ir. aicher/, Lith. aštrus, Ltv. asmens, Goth. ahs, Pers. /ās, Gaul. Akrotalus, Welsh eithiw, Oscan akrid, Umbrian peracri, Arm. ասեղն (asełn), Alb. athët, Toch. āk/āke, Eng. ecg/edge, ON egg, Gm. egga/Ecke, Polish ostry, XMK akrounoi
*h₂nḗr man; power Lat. neriōsus, Welsh nerth, Alb. njer, Skr. नृ (nṛ́), नर (nára), Luw. anarummi, Lyd. nãrś, Lith. noras, Russ. нрав (nrav), Gaul. Nertobriga, Arm. այր (ayr), Gk. ἀνήρ (anēr), Oscan 𐌓𐌈𐌈𐌍 (niir), Umbrian 𐌚𐌓𐌄𐌍 (nerf), Ir. nert/, Phryg. αναρ (anar)
*(H)néh₂s, nā́s nose Lat. nāsus, Skr. नासा (nā́sā), OCS носъ (nosŭ), Russ. нос (nos), Lith. nosis, Ltv. nāss, Eng. nosu/nose, Av. nah, Gm. nasa/Nase, Kamviri nâsuṛ, Old Prussian nazy, Pers. nāham/, ON nös
*h₂ows- ear Lat. auris, Gk. οὖς (ous), Skr. उसि (usi), OCS ѹхо (uxo), Russ. ухо (uxo), Goth. auso, Lith. ausis, Ltv. auss, Gaul. ausia-, Alb. vesh, Gm. ōra/Ohr, Ir. au/ Av. usi, Pers. gaušā/گوش (guš), Eng. ēare/ear, ON eyra, Arm. ունկն (unkn), OPruss. āusins. See also Hausos.
*h₂ŕ̥tḱos bear Gk. ἄρκτος (arktos), Lat. ursus, Skr. ऋक्ष (ṛkṣá), Pers. /خرس (khers), Arm. արջ (arǰ), Gaul. Artioni, Alb. arush/ari, Kamviri ic, Osset. арс (ars), Welsh arth, Ir. art/, Av. aršam, Hitt. ḫartagga
*h₁égni- fire Skr. अग्नि (agní), Hitt. 𒀀𒀝𒉌𒅖 (agnis), Lat. ignis, Lith. ugnis, Ltv. uguns, OCS огнь (ognĭ), Polish ogień, Russ. огонь (ogon'), Alb. enjte
*h₂stḗr star Lat. stēlla, Gk. ἀστήρ (astēr), Gm. sterro/Stern, Eng. steorra/star, ON stjarna, Goth. 𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌽𐍉 (stairno), Arm. աստղ (astł), Skr. स्तृ (stṛ́); तारा (tārā), Welsh seren, Toch. śre/śćirye, Kamviri ṛâšto, Pers. /ستاره (setāre), Osset. стъалы (st”aly), Hitt. 𒄩𒀸𒋼𒅕𒍝 (ḫasterza), Kurd. stérk/estére
*h₂u-per over Lat. super, Gk. ὑπέρ (huper), Skr. उपरि (upari), Av. upairi, Eng. ofer/over, Gm. ubar/über, Goth. ufarō, ON yfir, Gaul. Uertragus, Ir. for/for, Pers. upariy/bar, Welsh gwarthaf, Oscan supruis, Umbrian super, Arm. վեր (ver), Av. upairi
*h₂wap- bad, evil Hitt. ḫuwapp, Eng. yfel/evil, Gm. ubil/Übel, Goth. ubils
*h₂yuh₁ení- young OCS junu, Russ. юный (junyj), Skr. युवन् (yuvan), Gaul. Jovincillus, Lith. jaunas, Ltv. jauns, Eng. geong/young, Av. yavan, Lat. juvĕnis, Umbrian iuengar , Gm. jung/jung, ON ungr, Goth. juggs, Welsh ieuanc, Ir. óc/óg, Pers. javān
*h₂éd-es- cereal Hitt. hattar, Lat. ador, Gm. ezzesc/Esch, Goth. atisk, Toch. āti/atiyo, Av. āðūfrāðana, Arm. հատ (hat); hačam?, Gk. azein, Lith. adýti; ãdata
*h₂éǵros field Skr. अज्र (ajra), Gk. ἀγρός (agros), Lat. ager, Umbrian ager, Goth. akrs, Eng. æcer/acre, Arm. արտ (art), Gm. achar/Acker, ON akr
*h₂ént-i front Hitt. ḫanta, Luw. hantili, 'Lyc. xñtawata, Lith. ant, Eng. ende/end, Gm. endi/Ende, Goth. and, ON endr, Gk. ἀντί (anti), Ir. étan/éadan, Lat. antiae, Oscan ant, Toch. ānt/ānte, Alb. anë, Skt. ántas; antyas, Oss. æндæ (ændæ)/æндагон (ændagon)
*h₂érkʷo- bow Lat. arcus, Goth. arƕazna, Eng. arwe/arrow, Gk. ἄρκευθος (arkeuthos)?, Russ. ракита (rakita), Polish rakieta, Ltv. ērkšķis, ON ǫrvar, Umb. arçlataf
*h₂éwiǵ- oats Lat. avēna, Lith. aviža, Ltv. auza, Russ. овёс (ovjos), Polish owies, Gk. αἰγίλωψ (aigilōps)/, Old Prussian wyse, OCS ovĭsŭ
*h₂éy-es- (nom. h₂eyos, gen. h₂eyesos) metal Skr. अयस् (ayas), Lat. aes, Umbrian ahesnes, Gm. ēr/Erz, Eng. ār/ore, Av. ayaṅh, Goth. aiz, ON eir, Pers. āhan
*h₂éǵʰ-r/n̥- day Skr. अहर् (ahar), Av. azan
*h₂ó-sd-o- branch Arm. ոստ (ost), Gk. ὄζος (ózos), Eng. ōst/, Gm. ast/Ast, Goth. asts, Hitt. ḫašduēr
[edit]h₃, o

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*h₃el-no- alder Lat. alnus, Lith. alksnis, Ltv. elksnis, Russ. ольха (ol'xa), XMK aliza, ON alr, Gm. elira/Erle, Eng. alor/alder, OPruss. aliskande, Gaul. alisa, Hitt. alanzan, Pol. olcha, Alb. halë, Gk. Olixōn
*h₃em- bitter Gk. ὠμός (ōmos), Lat. amārus, Ir. om/amh, Arm. հում (hum), Skr. अम्ल (amlás), Eng. ampre/, ON apr, Ltv. amols, Alb. ëmbël, XMK abro-
*h₃engʷ- to anoint Skr. अनक्ति (anakti), Arm. աւծ (awc), Ir. imb/im, Lat. unguō, Umb. umtu, OPruss. anctan, Gm. ancho/Anke, Welsh ymenyn
*h₃ers- to protrude Gk. οὐρά (oura), Arm. ոռ (oṙ), Hitt. arras, Eng. ears/arse, Ir. err/earr, Gm. ars/Arsch, ON ars
*h₃eyó- multicolored, reddish Lith. ievà, Ltv. ieva, OPruss iuwis, Eng. īw/yew, Gm. īwa/Eibe, ON ýr, Gk. oiē, Gaul. ivo, Ir. éo/eó, Welsh yw, Russ. ива (iva), Arm. այգի (aygi), Hitt. eja
*h₃nobʰ- navel Lat. umbo; umbilīcus, Skr. नभ्य (nabhya), Av. nāba, Ltv. naba, Gm. nabalo/Nabel, Eng. nafela/navel, ON nafli, Gk. ὀμφαλός (omphálos), Ir. imbliu/imleac, Kashmiri naf, OPruss. nabis, Pers. nāf
*h₃nógʰ-o- / *h₃nógʰ-ro- / *h₃nógʰ-i- nail Gk. ὄνυξ (onuks), Lat. unguis, Skr. अङ्घ्रि (aṅghri), Gm. nagel/Nagel, OCS noguti, Russ. ноготь (nogot'), Lith. nagas, Ltv. nags, Av. nakhara, Arm. եղունգն (ełungn), Welsh ewin, Eng. nægl/nail, Pers. nāxun, Ir. inga/ionga
*h₃okʷ- eye Lat. oculus, OCS oko, Russ. око (oko), Toch. ak/ek, Arm. ակն (akn), աչք (ačʿkʿ), Skr. अक्षि (akṣi), Gk. ὄσσε (osse); ὀφθαλμός (ophthalmos), Eng. ēge/eye, Gm. ouga/Auge, Goth. augo, Alb. sy, Lith. akis, Ltv. acs, Kamviri âčẽ, Ir. enech/oineach, Welsh enep, ON auga, Polish oko, Old Prussian ackis
*h₃or-no- eagle Gm. arn/Aar, Arm. արծուի (arcui), որոր (oror), ուրուր (urur), Eng. earn/erne, Gk. órnis; ὄρνεον (órneon), Russ. орёл (orjol), Lith. erelis, Ltv. ērglis, Hitt. ḫaran, Pol. orzeł, Welsh eryr, ON ari, Goth. ara, Alb. orë, OPruss. arelis, Ir. irar/
*h₃ost- / kost- bone Lat. os; costa, Alb. asht, Gk. ὀστέον (osteon), Russ. кость; остов (kost'; ostov), Skr. अस्थि (asthi), Av. asti, Hitt. ḫastāi, Welsh asgwrn, Kamviri âṭi, Pers. /ostexān, Polish kość, Toch. /ásta, Arm. ոսկր (oskr), Luw. ḫāš
*h₃owis (nom. h₃owis, gen. h₃ewyós) sheep OCS ovĭnŭ; ovĭca, Russ. овца (ovtsa), Lith. avìs; ãvinas, Ltv. avs, Skr. अविक (ávika), Eng. ēowu/ewe, Gm. ouwi/Aue, Goth. awēþi, ON ǽr, Gk. ὄϊς (oïs), OIr. ói, Hitt. ḫawi, Luw. ḫāwi-, Welsh ewig, Toch. ―/āuw, Arm. հովիւ (hoviw), Pol. owca, Lat. ovis, Umb. uvem, OPruss awins, Lyc. xabwa
*h₃reǵ- to straighten Lat. regere, Gk. ὀρέγω (oregō), Eng. riht/right, Gm. reht/recht, ON réttr, Goth. raihts, Thrac. rhesus, Toch. räk/räk, Arm. արծուի (arcui);
*H₃rēǵ-(H₃ón-) / "ruler, king": Skr. राजन् (rājan), Oscan regaturei, Lat. rēx, Gaul. rīx, Ir. ríg/rígh, Welsh rhi, Av. raz, Pers. rahst, Alb. radhë
*h₃és-h₃en- (nom. *h₃esh₃ōn, gen. *h₃esh₃nós) harvest Russ. осень (osen'), Old Prussian assanis, Eng. earnian/earn, Goth. asans, Gm. aran/Ernte, ON ǫnn, Gk. ὀπώρα (opōra), Polish jesień, Lat. annōna, Arm. աշուն (ašun)
*h₃és-no- h₃és-i- ash Lat. ornus, Lith. uosis, Ltv. osis, Russ. осина (osina), Pol. jesion, Gm. asc/Esche, Eng. æsc/ash, Old Prussian woasis, ON askr, Welsh onnen, Alb. ah, Arm. հացի (hacʿi), Gk. ἀχερωΐς (akherōïs)/
[edit]h₄ 

(edit)
Root Meaning Derivatives
*h₄órǵʰis testicle Alb. herdhe, Gk.' ὄρχις (órkhis), Arm. որձիք (ordzik'), Hitt. arki-, Ir. uirge/, Av. ərəzi-, Toch. /erkatstse, Lith. aržilas, Ltv. ērzelis
[edit]H

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*Hórbʰos (*h₂érbhos, *h₃órbʰos) orphan; orphaned, bereft Lat. orbus, Arm. որբ (orb), Ir. orb(b)e, orpe/, Skr. अर्भ (árbha), Gk. ὀρφανός (orphanós), Gm. arbi/Arbeit, Eng. earfoþe/―, OCS рабъ (rabŭ), Russ. работа (rabota), Gaul. Orbius, Goth. 𐌰𐍂𐌱𐌹 (arbi), ON arfr
[edit]y

(edit)
Root Meaning Derivatives
*yeg- ice Eng. gicel/icicle, ON jaki, Gm. ichil/gicht, Ir. aig/oighear, Welsh ia, Lith. iža, Ltv. ieze, Russ. икра (ikra)
*yes- to boil, to foam Alb gjesh, Eng. gist/yeast, Welsh ias, Ir. ess/, Skr. यस्यति (yasyati), Gk. ζέω (zeō), Toch. yäs/
*yeh₁kwr̥- liver Skr. यकृत् (yakṛt), Lith. jeknos, Latv. aknas, Av. yākarə, Lat. iecur, Ir. iuchair/iuchair, Gk. ἧπαρ (hēpar), Russ. икра (ikra), Kamviri iâñi, Persian /jegar
*yeh₁r- year, season Goth. jēr, Eng. gēar/year, Av. yārə, Gk. ὥρα (ōra), Lat. hōrnus, Gm. jar/Jahr, ON ár, Persian dušiyaram/, Lith. jōrė, OCS jara, Russ. яровой (jarovoj), Polish jar
*yugóm yoke Eng. geoc/yoke, Skr. योग (yoga), Hitt. yukan, Lat. iugum, Gk. ζυγόν/ (zugon/), Av. yuj, Arm. լուծ (luc), Toch. yuk-/yuk-, Polish igo, Lith. jungas, Latv. jugt, Gm. joh/Joch, Goth. juk, OCS igo, Russ. иго (igo), Gaulish Veriugodnumnus, Kamviri iu, ON ok, Persian /yoġ, Welsh iau, Irish cuing/cuing
*yenh₂ter- brother-in-law's wife Lat. ianitrīcēs, Gk. ἐνάτηρ/ (enatēr/), Lith. jentė, Ltv. ietere, Russ. ятровь (jatrov'), Skr. यातृ (yātṛ), Kamviri iâri, Arm. ներ (ner), Phryg. ianatera, Polish jątrew
[edit]w

(edit)
Root Meaning Derivatives
*wadʰ- to pledge Lat. vas (g. vadis), Ir. fedid/, Welsh arweddu; dyweddio Goth. wadi, ON veð, Eng. weddian/wed; weotuma/-, Gm. wetti/Wette, Lith. vadas; vaduoti; vedù; vedẽklė, Ltv. vadot; vedu, OCS vedǫ; voždǫ, Gk. éedna, Hitt. huettiya, Av. vadayeiti; upāvādayeiti; vadū; vadrya, Skt. vadhú
*wadʰ- to go, to wade Lat. vadere; vadare, vadum, ON vaða, Eng. wadan/wade, Gm. watan/waten, Alb. vete
*wail- wolf Arm. գայլ (gayl) Ir. fáel/faol, Gaul. vail
*wāt- to blow, inspire Gaul. uāteis, OIr. fáith, Welsh gwawd, ON óðr; Oðinn; Oðinsdagr, Proto-Germanic *Wōdanaz, Skr. अपिवतति (apivatati), Eng. wōð/-; wōd/wood; Wōden/Woden; Wōdnesdæg/Wednesday, Gm. wuot/Wut; Wuotan/Wotan; Wuotanes tac/―, Av. aipivat
*webʰ- to weave Eng. wefan/weave, Gm. weban/weben, ON vefa, Ir. fí, Welsh gwe, Gk. ὑφή (hyphē), Pers. baftan/; bāfad, Skr. उभ्नाति (ubhnāti); ūrṇavābhi, Toch. wäp/wāp, -/wpelme, -/yape, Av. ubdaēna, Alb. vej, Hitt. huppai; huppula
*wobʰes- wasp Eng. wæsp/wasp, Gm. wafsa/Wespe, Lat. vespa, OCS vosa, Russ. оса (osa), Pol. osa, Lith. vapsvà, Old Prussian wobse, Ir. foiche, Welsh gwchi, Av. vawžaka, Baluchi gvabz, Kamviri ušpik
*wed wet *wód-r̥- "water": Eng. wæter/water, OCS вода (voda), Russ. вода (voda), Gk. ὕδωρ (hydōr), Lat. unda, Lith. vanduo, Ltv. ūdens, Skr. उदन् (udán) , Alb. ujë, Ir. uisce/uisge, Hitt. 𒉿𒀀𒋫𒅈 (wātar), Arm. գետ (get), Toch. wär/war, Umb. utur, Goth. 𐍅𐌰𐍄𐍉 (watō), Welsh gwer, ON vatn, Kashmiri odūr, Thrac. udrēnas, Gm. wazzar/Wasser, Phryg. bedu, Pol. woda, OPruss. wundan
*ud-ro- otter Skr. उद्र (udrá), Lat. lutra, Av. udra, Ir. odrán(odoirne)/odar; uydr/-, OCS vydra, Russ. выдра (vydra), Gk. ὕδρος (hydrós)/, Eng. oter/otter, Gm. ottar/Otter, ON otr, Lith. ūdra, Osset. уырд/урдæ (uyrd/urdæ)
*udero- belly Lat. uterus; venter, Skr. उदर (udara), Av. udaras, Lith. vėdaras, Ltv. vēders
*wedʰ- to lead Russ. веду (vedu), Lith. vesti, Ltv. vads, Ir. fedid/fedim, Av. vāðayeiti, Hitt. uwate, OCS vedǫ, Pol. wieść, Welsh arweddu, OPruss west
*weh₁- to blow Eng. weder/weather; wind; wāwan/-, Gm. waian/wehen; Wind, ON vindr, Lat. ventus, Skr. वाति (vā́ti), Gk. ἄημι (aēmi); ātmós, Av. vāiti, Hitt. ḫuwantiš, Lith. vėjas, Ltv. vējš, Old Prussian wins, Toch. want/yente, OCS вѣтръ (větrŭ), Russ. веять (vejat'), Pol. wiać, Welsh gwynt, OIr. feth
*weyd- to see, know Skr. वेत्ति (vetti), Av. vaēða, Gk. εἴδω (eido), Lat. videō, Russ. ведать (vedat'), Phryg. wit-, Eng. witan/wit, Gm. wizzan/wissen, Arm. գէտ (gēt) Kashmiri vūčhūn, Polish widzieć; wiedzieć, ON vita, Goth. weitan, OIr. fis; fiuss; find/fionn, Gaul. Vindomagus, Welsh gwedd; gwŷs; gwyn, Lith. vaidintis, OPruss. widdai, OCS вѣдѣти (vědět)
*weik- to choose Skr. विनक्ति (vinakti), Av. avavaēk, Lat. victima, Goth. weihan, Eng. wēoh/―, ON vé, Gm. wīhen/weihen
*weik- victory Lith. veikti, Ltv. veikt, OCS vĕkŭ, Russ. век (vek), ON veig, Gm. wīgan/―, Ir. fichim/, Gaul. Ordovices, Welsh gwych, Eng. wīgan/―, Goth. weihan, Arm. վէգ (vēg), Lat. vincere, Oscan vincter, Polish wiek
*weis- to sprout Lat. virēre; viridis, Eng. wīse/, Gm. wīsa/Wiese, ON vísir, Lith. veisti, Ltv. viest
*weiḱ- village Gm. weihs/, Lith. viešas, Ltv. viesis, Russ. весь (ves'), Av. vīs, Alb. vis, Skr. विश् (viś), Lat. vīcus, Gk. οἶκος (oikos), Polish wieś, Old Prussian waispattin, Toch. /īke, OCS vĭsĭ
*wekʷ- to speak Gk. ἔπος (epos), Skr. वक्ति (vakti), Av. vačah, Gm. giwahanen/erwähnen, Old Prussian wackītwei, Toch. wak/wek, ON váttr, Lat. vōx, Umb. subocau, Ir. foccul/focal; faig; anocht, Welsh gwaethyl, Gaul. Vepolitanos, Hitt. ḫuek
*wel to wish, desire, want Eng. willan/will, Gm wellan/wollen, Goth. wiljan, ON vilja, OCS. voljo; voliti, Russ. воля (volja), Lith. velyti, Welsh gwell, Lat. volo, Gk. ἔλδομαι (éldomai); ἔλπω (elpō), Skt. वृणोति (vṛṇoti) Av. verenav-
*h₂wĺ̥h₁neh₂ wool Arm. գեղմն (gełmn) / գեղմ (geġm), Eng. wull/wool, Gm. wolla/Wolle, ON ull, Goth. wulla, Skr. ऊर्णा (ūrṇā), Av. varənā, Lat. vellus; villus; lāna, Gk. λῆνος (lēnos)/ληνός (lēnos), OCS vlŭna, Russ. волна (volna), Polish wełna, Lith. vilna, Ltv. vilna, Ir. olan/olann, Welsh gwlân, Hitt. hulana, OPruss. wilnis, Pers. gurs
*wem- to vomit Lat. vomere, Gk. ἐμέω/ (emeō/), Skr. वमति (vamati), Av. vam, Lith. vemti, Ltv. vemt, ON váma, OPruss. wynis, Pers. vātāk
*wer- cover *wer-no- "ram": Skr. उरण (uraṇa), Arm. գառն (gaṙn), Gk. ἀρήν (arēn), Alb. rrunjë
*werǵ- to do, to work Gk. ἔργον (ergon), Lat. urgere, Eng. wyrcan/work; weorc/work, Gm. werkon/werken; werah/Werk, ON verka; verk, Goth. waurkjan; gawaurki, Lith verziu, OCS vragu, Ir. fairged/, Arm. գործ (gorc), Av. vareza, Pers. /barz, Toch. wark/
*werh₃- to speak Lith. vardas, Ltv. vārds, Eng. word/word, Russ. врать (vrat'), Skr. व्रत (vrata), Av. urvāta, Hitt. ueria, Gk. εἴρω (eirō), Gm. wort/Wort, ON orð, Goth. waurd, OPruss. wīrds, OIr. fordat, Umb. uerfalem, OCS vračĭ, Lat. verbum
*wes- to dress Alb. vesh, Eng. werian/wear, Gm. werian/Wehr, Goth. wasjan, ON verja, Lat. vestis, Gk. ἕννυμι (hennumi), Arm. զգենում (zgenum), Skr. वस्ते (vaste), Av. vastē, Hitt. waš, Toch. wäs/wäs
*wes- to feast Hitt. weši, Lat. vēscor, Av. vastra, Skr. अनुवावसे (anuvāvase), Welsh gwest, Gm. wist/, MIr. feis; dofeotar, Goth. wists, ON vist, Eng. wist/, Lith. švest, OCS veselŭ, Pol. wesele
*wet- year Gk. ἔτος/έτος (etos/étos), Skr. वत्स (vatsa), Eng. weðer/wether, Gm. widar/Widder, Goth. wiþrus, ON veðr, Hitt. witt, Alb. vjet, Ir. fethim/feithim, Corn. guis, Lith. vetuša, OCS vetŭxŭ, Russ. ветхий (vetxij), Pol. wiotchy, Lat. vetus, Osc. Vezkeí
*weǵ- lively Lat. vegeō, Eng. wacan/wake, Skr. वाज (vāja), Av. vazra, Toch. wasir/wasir, Gm. wahhēn/wachen, Goth. wakan, ON vaka, Pers. vazrka/buzurg
*weǵʰ- to ride Eng. wegan/weigh, Lat. vehō, Oscan veia, Umbrian ar'veitu, Gk. ὄχος (okhos)/, Skr. वहति (vahati), Av. vazaiti, Russ. везти (vezti), Polish wieźć, Alb. vjedh, Gm. biwegan/bewegen, ON vega, Goth. gawigan, Ir. fén/, Welsh gwain, Lith. vežti, Ltv. vest, Old Prussian vessis, Umbrian ařveitu, Gaul. Uecturius, Toch. wkäṁ/yakne, OCS vezǫ
*wi apart, away Skr. वि (vi), Av. vi-, Hitt. na-wi 'not yet', Eng. wið/with; wid/wide, Gm. widar/wieder; wit/weit, Goth. wiþra, ON viðr; viðr
*wih₁-ḱm̥t-íh₁ twenty Lat. vīgintī, Arm. քսան (kʿsan), Alb. njëzet/njizet, Gaul. vocontio, Gk. εἴκοσι (eikosi), Av. visaiti, Ir. foiche/fiche, Kashmiri vuh, Pers. bēst, Kamviri vici, Skr. विङ्शति (viṅśati), Toch. wiki/ikäṃ, Welsh ugain
*winǵʰ- elm Alb. vidh, Russ. вяз (vjaz), Lith. vinkšna, Ltv. vīksna, Eng. wice/Wych Elm, Kurd. viz, Polish wiąz
*worn- raven Lith. varnas, Russ. ворона (vorona), Pol. wrona, Toch. B wrauña, Ir. bran
*wred- root Russ. вред (vred), Eng. wyrt/wort, Gm. wirz/Wurz, Lat. rādīx, Gk. ῥίζα (rhiza), Alb. rrënjë/rrânzë, Welsh gwraidd, Ir. frém/fréamh, Goth. vaurts, ON urt, Toch. B witsako, Pers. riše(h)
*wĺ̥kʷos‎ wolf Lith. vilkas, Ltv. vilks, Eng. wulf/wolf, Lat. lupus, Gm. wolf/Wolf, Gk. λύκος (lukos), Alb. ulk/ujk, Skr. वृक (vṛ́ka), Av. vehrka-, Toch. ―/walkwe, Pers. varka/گرگ (gurg, gorg), OPruss. wilkis, Goth. 𐍅𐌿𐌻𐍆𐍃 (wulfs), ON úlfr, OCS влькъ (vlĭkŭ), Russ. волк (volk), Pol. wilk, Luwian walwa
*wr̥-mi- worm Lat. vermis, Goth. waurms, Eng. wyrm/worm, ON ormr, Arm. որդն (ordn), Lith. varmas, Welsh gwraint, Gk. ῥόμος (rhómos), Gm. wurm/Wurm, OPruss. wormyan/urminan, OCS vermije, Alb. rrime
[edit]r

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*rap- turnip Lat. rapum, OCS repa, Russ. репа (repa), Lith. ropė, Gm. raba/Rübe, Gk. ῥάφυς (rhapus), Polish rzepa
*resg- to plait Lat. restis, Gk. arrikhos, Lith. reksti, Ltv. režģīt, OCS rozga, Russ. розга (rozga), Skr. रज्जु (rajju), Eng. resc/rush, Polish rózga, Arm. ուռի (uṙi), Ir. rúsc/rusg
*Hroth₂-o- wheel Lat. rota, Alb. rreth/rrath, Lith. ratas, Ltv. rats, Gaul. Rotomagus, Gm. rad/Rad, OEng. rodur, Ir. roth/rath, Skr. रथ (ratha), Welsh rhod, Av. raθa, ON rǫðull
[edit]l

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*laywós- left (direction) Lat. laevus, Gk. laios, Russ. левый (levyj), Illyr. Levo, Eng. lǣw/, Lith. išlaivoti, Polish lewy, ON lǽn, Gm. lēwes/, OCS lĕvŭ
*laks- salmon Toch. laks/läks, ON lax, Lith. lašiša, Ltv. lasis, Russ. лосось (losos'), Polish łosoś, Gm. lahs/Lachs, Eng. leax/―, Old Prussian lalasso
*laku- pond Gk. λάκκος (lakkos), Lat. lacus, Gm. lagu/, Ir. loch/loch, Arm. լիճ (lič) , Eng. lagu/―, Lith. lekmenė, ON lǫgr, Serb. lokva, Albanian. llake,
*las- eager Skr. लषति (laṣati), Lat. lascīvus, Russ. ласка (laska), Lith. lokšnus, Eng. lust/lust, Gm. lust/Lust, Goth. lustus, ON lyst, Gk. lilaiomai, Ir. lainn, Albanian lus,
*lat- swamp Gk. λάταξ (lataks), Lith. Latupė, Ltv. Late, Gaul. Arelate, Ir. lathach/lathach, Gm. letto/letten, Welsh llaid
*lebʰ- lip Lat. labĭum, Gm. /Lippe; lefs/Lefze, Eng. lippa/lip, Welsh llefaru, Russ. лобзать (lobzat'), Pers. /lab, Lith. lūpa, Kurd. léw
*legʰ- to lie down Lat. lectus, OCS ležati, Russ. лежать (ležat'), Gk. λέχομαι (lekhomai)/, Gm. liggan/liegen, Ir. lige/luighe, Welsh lle; gwely, Eng. lecgen/lie, Polish leżeć, Gaul. legasit, ON liggja, Goth. ligan, Toch. lake/leke, Lith. lagaminas, Ltv. lagača, Alb. lagtë; lagje
*leh₂w- to pour, wash Gk. λοῦσις (lousis), Lat. lavō, Arm. լոգանամ (loganam), Hitt. lahhu- 'to pour', Gm. louga/Lauge, Eng. lēðran/lather; lye; lave, ON laug, OIr. lóathar; lúaith, Welsh luddw, Albanian laj,
*leh₃p- cow Alb. lopë, Ltv lùops
*ley- to pour Gk. λείβω (leibō), Lat. libare, Skr. रियति (riyati), Hitt. lilái-, Goth. leithu, Lith. lieti; lytus, Old Prussian isliuns, OCS liti, Russ. лить (lit'), Polish lac', Ir. lie, Welsh llifo; lliant, Kurd. rijyan, Alb. lyse/lise
*leyg- to jump Gk. ἐλελίζω (elelizō)/, Lith. láigyti; liuoksėti, Goth. laiks, Gm. leih/Leich, Skr. रेजति (rejati), Pers. ālēxtan, Eng. lācan/lark, ON leikr, Ir. loíg/laogh
*leykʷ- to leave Lat. linquō, Lith. likti, Ltv. likt, Ir. léicid/, Gm. līhan/leihen, Arm. լքանեմ (lkʿanem), Gk. λείπω (leipō), Skr. रिणक्ति (riṇakti), Av. raexnah, Pers. rēxtan, Old Prussian polijcki, Russ. олек (olek), Eng. lǣnan/lend, ON ljá, Goth. leiƕan, Alb. le,la,
*leiǵʰ- to lick Lat. lingere; liggurīre, Skr. लेढि (leḍhi), Ir. lígim/, Gk. λείχω (leikhō), Arm. լիզեմ (lizem), Russ. лизать (lizat'), Gm. leckôn/lecken, Eng. liccian/lick, Kamviri liza, Polish lizać, ON sleikja, Pers. lēsēdan, Av. raēzate, Lith. laižyti, Ltv. laizīt, Welsh llyo, Goth. bilaigon, Kurd. lésínewe
*lendʰ- loin, kidney Gm. lenti/Lende, Eng. lenden/―, ON lend, Russ. лядвие (ljadvie), Lat. lumbus
*lendʰo- steppe Old Prussian lindan, Eng. land, ON land, Ir. land/lann, Welsh llan, OCS ledina, Russ. ляда (ljada), Gm. Land, Gaul. landa, Albanian lendine,
*lengʷʰ- lightweight Lat. levis, Alb. lehtë, Gk. ἐλαχύς (elakhus), Skr. लघु (laghu), Av. ragu, Lith. leñgva, Ltv. liegs, Old Prussian lāngiseilingins, Goth. līhts, Eng. lēoht/light, Gm. līht/leicht, ON lēttr, Toch. /lankŭtse, Ir. laigiu/, Welsh llaw, OCS lĭgŭkŭ, Polish lekki, Russ. лёгкий (lëgkij), Kashmiri lo.t
*lewbʰ- to love Russ. любить (ljubit'), Skr. लुभ्यति (lubhyati), Eng. lufu/love, Lith. liaupsė, Alb. lum; laps, Gm. liob/Liebe, Polish lubić, ON ljúfr, Goth. liufs, Lat. lubet; libido, Oscan loufit, OCS ljubŭ
*lewdʰ-o- people Lat. līber, Lith. liaudis, Ltv. ļaudis, OCS ljudĭje, Russ. люди (ljudi), Gk. ἐλεύθερος (eleutheros), Ir. luss/, Skr. रोधति (rodhati), Av. raoða, Gm. liut/Leute, Polish lud, ON ljóðr, Alb. lind, Oscan Lúvfreís, Welsh llysiau, Goth. liudan, Eng. lēod/, Old Prussian ludis
*lewgʰ- to tell a lie Eng. lyge/lie, Gm. liogan/lügen, ON ljúga, Goth. liugan, Lith. lugoti, OCS lŭgati, Russ. лгать (lgat'), Welsh llu, Ir. luige/, Polish łgać
*lewk-; *lówk-o- bright; light OCS luči, Russ. луч (luč), Skr. रोचते (rocate), Gk. λευκός (leukos), Eng. lēoht/light, Gm. lioht/licht, Kamviri luka, Goth. liuhaþ, ON leygr, Toch. luk, Oscan Lúvkis, Umbrian Vuvçis, Welsh llug; llewych, Ir. loscaim/loiscim, Lat. lux; luna, Lith. lauka, Ltv. lauks, Hitt. lalukkes, Lyc. luga, Luw. luha-, Arm. լոյս (loys); լուսին (lowsin) Kamviri ṛuč, Gaul. leux, Av. raočant, Alb. gloq, Old Prussian lauxnos
*lewk-s lynx Gk. λύγξ (lunks), Lith. lūšis, Ltv. lūsis, Old Prussian luysis, Gm. luhs/Luchs, Old Eng. lox, Russ. рысь (rys'), Polish ryś, Arm. լուսանունք (lusanunkʿ), MIr. lug
*lewǵ- to break Lat. lūgeō, Gk. λυγρός (lugros)/, Alb. lungë, Arm. լուծանեմ (lucanem), Ir. lucht/, Gm. Lücke; Luke, Lith. láužti, Ltv. laûzt, Skr. रुजति (rujati), Av. fra-uruxti, Welsh llwyth, Old Eng. tōlūcan
*lino- flax Lat. līnum, Gk. λίνον (linon), Czech len, Lith. linas, Ltv. lini, Old Prussian linno, Ir. lín/líon, Alb. liri/lîni, Goth. lein, Polish len, Russ. лён (lën), Welsh llin, Eng. lin/linen, Gm. lin/Leinen, ON lín, OCS lĭnŭ
*luHs- louse Lith. liulė, Welsh llau, Eng. lūs/louse, Gm. lūs/Laus, ON lús, Toch luwa, Skr yūka, Pers. rišk
*leh₂u- to acquire Lat. lucrum, Gk. λεία (leia), Goth. laun, OCS lovŭ, Russ. ловить (lovit'), Ir. lúag/; fo-lud/, Welsh llawen, Gm. lōn/Lohn, Lith. lavinti, ON laun, Eng. lēan/loan, Skr. लोतम् (lotam), Polish łowić
[edit]m

(edit)
Root Meaning Derivatives
*magʰ- to be able Pers. magus/, Lith. magėti, Ltv. megt, Eng. meaht/might; mæg/may, OCS mogǫ, Gm. magan/mögen, Polish mogę, ON mega, Russ. мочь (moč'), Skr. मघ (magha), Toch. mokats/, Gk. μῆχος (mēkhos), Goth. magan, Arm. մարթանք (martʿankʿ)
*magʰó- young Goth. magus, Gaul. Magurīx, Ir. maug/mogh, Av. maġava, Alb. makth; meksh Ltv. mač, Gm. magad/Magd, Eng. mægð/maid, Welsh meudwy, ON mǫgr
*mak- pouch Lith. maišas, Ltv. maks, Ir. mén/, Welsh megin, Gm. mago/Magen, Eng. maga/maw, ON magi, OCS mosina, Russ. мошна (mošna), Polish moszna, Old Prussian dantimax
*mar/n- hand Gk. μάρη (marē), Lat. manus, Eng. mund/―, Gm. munt/Vormund, ON mundr, Welsh mwn, Alb. marr
*marko- horse Gaul. markan, Ir. marc/marcach, Welsh march, Eng. mere/mare, Gm. marah/Mähre, ON marr
*mat- mattock Lat. mateola; metere Skr. मत्य (matya), Russ. мотыга (motyga), Polish motyka, Gm. modela, 'Welsh' medi
*me me Alb. mua, Lat. me, Umbrian mehe, Eng. mec/me, Gm. mih/mich, Ir. mé/mé, Russ. меня, мне, мной (menja; mne; mnoj), Hitt. ammuk, Lyc. amu, Lyd. amu, Goth. mik, ON mik; mér, Polish mi; mię; mnie, Gk. eme, Skr. मम् (mam), Av. mam, Welsh mi, Pers. /man, Venetic mego, Lith. man, Kurd. (i)m(in)
*med- measure, consider Lat. meditārī; medērī, Welsh meddwl, Gk. μέδω (medō), ON meta, Eng. metan/mete; ǣmtig/empty, Arm. միտ (mit), Skr. मस्ति (masti), Av. azdā, Pers. azdā/, Umbrian meřs, Oscan meddiss, Av. midiur/, Toch. mem/maim, Goth. mitan, Gm. mezzan/messen
*médhu mead Skr. मधु (madhu), OCS medŭ, Russ. мёд (mjod), Lith. medus, Ltv. medus, Eng. meodu/mead, Gk. μέθυ (methu), Av. maðu, Kamviri mura, Kashmiri mäch, Polish miód, Welsh medd, Toch. mit, Gm. metu/Met, ON mjǫðr, Ir. mid/miodh, Old Prussian meddo, Osset. myd/mud, Luw. maddu-
*medʰyo- between Gaul. Mediolānum, Eng. ælemidde/middle, Russ. между (meždu), Gm. mitti/Mitte, Skr. मध्य (madhya), Kamviri pâmüč, Goth. midjis, ON meðal, Polish między, Illyr. metu, Lith. medis, Ltv. mežs, Arm. մէջ (mēj), Oscan mefiaí, Pers. /mēān, Old Prussian median, Lat. medius, Oscan mefiaí, Welsh mewnin, Ir. mid/, Av. maiðya, OCS mežda, Alb. mes; mjet Gk. μέσος (mesos)
*mḗh₁n̥s moon, month Gk. μήν (mēn), Toch. mañ/meñe, Lat. mēnsis, Eng. mōna/moon, OCS meseci, Polish miesiąc, Russ. месяц (mesjats), Skr. मास (māsa), Arm. ամիս (amis), Av. maoṅh, Ir. mí/mí, ON mani, Gm. mano/Mond, Goth. mena, Alb. muaj, Lith. mėnuo, Ltv. meness, Welsh mis, Kamviri mos, Pers. /māh, Osset. мæй (mæj), Old Prussian menig, Kurd. mang
*mey- small Hitt. meiu-, Lat. minuere, Gk. μείων (meiōn), OCS mĭnii, Russ. менее (menee), Gm. min/minder, Goth. mins, ON minnr, Skr. मिनाति (mināti), Oscan menvum, Toch. /maiwe, Eng. /minnow, Luw. mawa, Ir. min/mion
*mei- to change Lat. mūnus, Eng. gemǣne/mean, Gm. gimeini/gemein, Goth. gamains, Skr. मयते (mayate); मेनि (meni), OCS mĕna, Russ. менять (menjat'), Lith. mainyti, Ltv. mains, Ir. móin/, Welsh mwyn, Polish zmiana, Av. maēni, Hitt. immiya-
*meiǵʰ- to urinate Skr. मेहति (mehati), Av. maēsati, Lith. myžti; miglà, Ltv. mīzt, Russ. мезга (mezga), Arm. մէզ (mēz), Toch. ―/miśo, Gk. ὀμείχω (omeikhō), ON míga, Goth. maihstus, Eng. māsc/mash, /mist, Gm. /Maisch; miskan/mischen, Lat. meiere, Kurd. méz, Alb. mjegull; përmjerr
*meldʰ- lightning Old Prussian mealde, Lith. milna, Russ. молния (molnija), ON myln; Mjollnir, Welsh mellt; mellen
*melh₁- to grind, rub, break up OCS melję, Russ. мелю (melju), Lith. malti, Ltv. malt, Toch. malyw-/mely-, Eng. melo/meal, Alb. miell, Arm. մալեմ (malem), Gk. μύλη (mulē), Goth. malan, ON mala, Gm. malan/mahlen, Lat. molere, Umbrian kumaltu, Welsh malu, Ir. melim/meilim, Hitt. malla, Polish mleć
*melk- wet->milk Lith. malkas, Ltv. malks, Gk. μέλκιον (melkion), OCS mlĕko, Russ. молоко (moloko), Polish mleko
*melǵ- to milk Lat. mulgeō, Eng. melcan/milk, Gm. melcan/melken, Goth. miluks, ON mjölk, Toch. malke/malkwer, Gk. amelgō, Ir. melg/; bligim/, Welsh blith, Lith. melžti, Russ. молозиво (molozivo), Skr. मर्जति (marjati), Alb. mjel
*memso- flesh Skr. मांस (māṃsa), Lat. membrum, Old Prussian mensā, Goth. mimz, Russ. мясо (mjaso), Alb. mish, Arm. միս (mis), Toch. /mīsa, Gk. μῆνιγξ (mēnigks), Kashmiri maz, Lith. mėsa, Ltv. miesa, Ir. mír
*men- mind Gk. μένος (menos), Lat. mēns, Skr. मनस् (manas), Av. manah, Eng. gemynd/mind, Goth. muns, ON minni; man, Gm. minna/Minne, Lith. mintis, Ltv. minēt, Old Prussian mēntimai, OCS mineti, Russ. мнить (mnit'), Alb. mund, Pers. mainyāhay/, Toch. mnu/mañu, Ir. do-moiniur/; dermet/dearmad, Welsh cof, Arm. իմանամ (imanam)
*mendyos- horse Alb. mëz/mâz, Illyr. mandos, Thracian Mezēnai, Messapic Menzanas
*mer- to die Lat. mortŭus, OCS mrĭtvŭ, Russ. мереть (meret'), Lith. mirti, Ltv. mirt, Skr. मरति (marati), Av. miryeite, Arm. մեռանիմ (meṙanim), Gk. βροτός (brotos), Eng. morþor/murder, Gm. mord/Mord, ON morð, Goth. maurþr, Gaul. marvos, Kamviri mṛe, Osset. марын (maryn), Polish mor/martwy/umrzeć, Ir. marb/marbh, Welsh marw, Pers. amariyata/mordan, Hitt. mer, Kurd. mirin, Alb. mërshë
*meǵ- great Gk. μέγας (megas), Lat. magnus, Arm. մեծ (mec), Gaul. Magiorīx, Alb. madh, Skr. महयति (mahayati), Toch. māk/mākā, Goth. mikils, Phryg. meka-, Eng. micil/much, ON mikill, Av. mazant, Pers. mazant/meh, Hitt. makkes; mekkish Ir. maige/, Welsh Maclgwn, Gm. mihhil/― Kurd. mezin
*misdʰo- fee Skr. मीढ (mīḍha), Av. mīžda, Goth. mizdō, Russ. мзда (mzda), Gk. μισθός (misthos), Gm. mieta/Miete, Pers. /muzd, Eng. mēd/meed, OCS mĭzda
*mon- neck Skr. मन्या (manyā), Lat. monīle; eminere Eng. manu/mane, Gm. mana/Mähne, ON mǫn, Ir. muin/muin, Gk. mannon, Russ. монисто (monisto), Welsh mwng; mwnwgl, Gaul. maniakēs, OCS monisto, Av. manaothri
*mor- blackberry Gk. μόρον (moron), Arm. մոր (mor), Lat. mōrum, Hitt. muri, Ir. smér/smeur, Welsh mwyaren
*móri sea, lake Lat. mare, Polish morze, Russ. море (more), Gaul. Aremorici, Lith. marios, Ltv. mare, Skr. मर्यादा (maryādā), Eng. mere/mere; mersc/marsh, Gm. meri/Meer, Old Prussian mary, Welsh môr, Ir. muir/muir, Goth. marei, ON marr
*morwi- ant Lat. formīca, Ir. /moirbant, Av. maoiri, Skr. वम्र (vamra), Gk. μύρμηξ (murmēks)/μυρμήγκι (mirmigi), ON maurr, Crimean Gothic miera, Arm. մրջիւն (mrǰiwn), Polish mrówka, Alb. morr, Pers. /murče, OCS mravie, Russ. муравей (muravej), Toch. /warme, Kurd. Mérú, Bret. merien
*mosgo- brain Russ. мозг (mozg), Av. mazga, Skr. मज्जन् (majjan), Kashmiri massunt, Old Prussian musgeno, Gm. marag/Mark, Pers. /maġz, Polish mózg, Toch. mäśśunt/, Lith. smagenės, Ltv. smadzenis, Eng. mearg/marrow, ON mergr, Kurd. méšk, Ir. medg/meadhg
*mreǵʰú- short Lat. brevis, Av. mərəzujiti, Gm. murgi/, Eng. mirige/merry, Gk. βραχύς (brakhus), Gk. gamaúrgjan
*mu- fly Lith. musė, Ltv. muša, Lat. musca, Russ. муха (muxa), Gm. mucka/Mücke, Eng. mycg/midge, Alb. mizë, Gk. μυῖα (muia), Arm. մուն (mun), Kashmiri ma.čh, OCS mŭšĭ, Polish mucha, ON mý, Pers. /magas, Old Prussian muso
*muH₁s- mouse Skr. मूष् (mūṣ), Av. mus, Lat. mūs, Gk. mūs, Russ. мышь (myš'), Arm. մուկն (mukn), Alb. mi, Gm. mus/Maus, Eng. mūs/mouse, Kamviri musa, Pers. /muš, ON mús, Polish mysz, Lith. musė, Osset. мыст (myst)/mistæ
*méh₂tēr mother Arm. մայր (mayr), Alb. motër, Lith. motina, Ltv. māte, Old Prussian mūti, Gaul. mātir, Ir. máthir/máthair, Kashmiri mā.j, Lat. māter, Oscan maatreís, Umbrian matrer, Gk. μήτηρ (mētēr), Russ. мать (mat'), Skr. मातृ (mā́tṛ), Av. mātar, Toch. mācar/mācer, Gm. muoter/Mutter, Eng. mōdor/mother, Welsh modryb, Kamviri motr, ON móðir, Pers. 𐎶𐎠𐎫𐎠 (mātā) / مادر (mādar), Phryg. ματαρ (matar), Osset. мад (mad)/мадæл (madæl), Polish matka, OCS мати (mati)
*mánu- person Skr. मनु (manu), Av. Manuščiθra, Eng. mann/man, Gm. man/Mann, Goth. manna, ON maðr, OCS мѫжь (mǫžĭ), Russ. муж (muž), Kamviri mânša, Pers. /mard, Polish mąż, Kurd. mér, Gk. Amazón
*mélh₁-it- honey Gk. μέλι (meli), Lat. mel, Arm. մեղր (mełr), Alb. mjaltë, Gaul. Melissus, Ir. mil/, Goth. 𐌼𐌹𐌻𐌹𐌸 (miliþ), Eng. mildēaw/mildew, Gm. milltou/Mehltau, Welsh mêl, Hitt. milit, Luw. mallit-, Palaic malit-
*méne / *me-ós my, mine Eng. /mine, Gm. /mein, Kurd. ímin, Alb. /imi,
*móiso- (animal) hide Lith. maišas, Ltv. maiss, Skr. मेष (meṣa), Av. maēša, ON meiss, Russ. мех (mex), Gm. meissa/, Old Prussian moasis, Alb. meshinë; mill
[edit]n

(edit)
Root Meaning Derivatives
*n̥- negative prefix
*-n- grammatical infix Lat. -n-
*nébʰos cloud Lat. nebula, OCS нєбо (nebo), Russ. небо (nebo), Skr. नभस् (nábhas), Gk. νέφος (nephos), Hitt. 𒉈𒂊𒁉𒅖 (nēpis), Lyc. tabahaza, Luw. 𒋫𒀊𒉺𒀸𒊭 (tappassa), Gm. nebul/Nebel, Eng. nifol/―, Welsh nef, Kamviri niru, Polish niebo, Lith. debesis, Ltv. debess, Av. nabah, Ir. nem/neamh, ON niflhel, Alb. avull
*negʷʰro- kidney Lat nefrōnes, Gk. νεφρός (nephros)/, Gm. nioro/Niere, ON nýra
*neh₁tr- snake Lat. natrix, Eng. nǣddre/adder, Gm. natara/Natter, Welsh neidr, Goth. nadrs, ON naðr, Ir. nathir/nathair
*neh₂-u- corpse Toch. nut/naut, Goth. naus, OCS navi, Russ. навь (nav'), Welsh newyn, Gm. not/, ON nār, Eng. néo-/―, Old Prussian nowis, Lith. novyti, Ltv. nāve, Ir. núne/
*neygʷ- to wash Lat. noegeum, Ir. nigim/nighim, ON nykr, Gm. nihhus/Nix, Gk. νίζω (niksō), Skr. नेनेक्ति (nenekti), Welsh enneint, Eng. nicor/
*neyk- to winnow Lith. niekoti, Ltv. niekāt, Gk. λικμάω (likmaō), Welsh nithio
*nem- to allot/distribute Lat. numerus, Ir. nem/nimh, MIr. nos, Gm. neman/nehmen, Gk. νέμω (nemō), Goth. niman, ON nema, Lith. núomas, Ltv. nuôma, Eng. niman/numb, Av. nəmah, Toch. /ñemek, Russ. немой (nemoj), Alb nëmë/namë
*neḱ- dead person, death Skr. नश्यति (naśyati), Av. nasyeiti, Gk. νεκρός (nekros), Lith. našlys, Lat. nex, Toch. näk/näk, Ir. éc/eug, Welsh angeu, ON Naglfar
*ni down Skr. नि (ni), Eng. niþera/nether-, Gm. nidar/nieder, ON niðr, Gk. νειός (neios), OCS nizu, Russ. низ (niz), Ir. ne/ni
*nogʷó- naked Eng. nacod/naked, Goth. naqaþs, Skr. नग्न (nagna), Hitt. nekumant, Gk. γυμνός (gumnos), Lat. nūdus, Lith. nuogas, Ltv. nogs, Ir. nocht/, Gm. nackot/nackt, Polish nagi, ON nakinn, Av. maġna, Welsh noeth, OCS nagŭ, Russ. нагой (nagoj), Kashmiri naṅgay
*nókʷts night Gk. νύξ (nuks)/νύχτα (nýchta), Lat. nox, Lith. naktis, Ltv. nakts, Gm. naht/Nacht, Skr. नक्ति (nákti), Hitt. 𒉈𒆪𒍖 (nekuz), Russ. ночь (noč'}, Alb. natë, Ir. innocht/anochd, Toch. nakcu/nekcīye, Welsh nos, Eng. niht/night, Polish noc, Old Prussian naktin, Goth. 𐌽𐌰𐌷𐍄𐍃 (nahts), ON nótt, OCS нощь (noštĭ)
*(h₁)néwn̥ nine Arm. ինն (inn), Alb. nëntë/nândë, Lith. devyni, Ltv. deviņi, Gaul. navan, Gm. niun/neun, Eng. nigon/nine, Gk. ἐννέα (ennea), Av. nauua, Ir. nói/naoi, Kashmiri nav, Lyc. ñuñtãta-, Kamviri nu, Lat. novem, Oscan nuven, ON níu, Old Prussian newīnjai, Pers. nava/noh, OCS devętĭ, Polish dziewięć, Russ. девять (devjat'), Skr. नव (nava), Toch. ñu, Umbrian nuvim, Goth. niun, Welsh naw
*néh₂-u- swim *néH₂-u- "ship": Skr. नौ (nāu), Ir. nau/, Gk. ναῦς (naus), Lat. nāvis, Av. navāza, Pers. nāviyā/nav, Arm. նաւ (naw), ON nōr, Osset. нау (nau)/науæ (nauæ), Alb. anije, Welsh noe, Eng. nōwend/―
*népot- (nom. *népōt-s gen. *nept-ós) grandson/nephew Lat. nepōs, Skr. नपात् (napāt), Av. napāt, Gk. ἀνεψιός (anepsios)/, Alb. nip, Eng. nefa/―, Gaul. nei, Gm. nevo/Neffe, Welsh nai, Kamviri nâvo, Pers. napā/nave, Lith. nepuotis, Ir. necht/; níath/, OCS nestera, Old Russ. нестера (nestera), Polish nieściora
*nu now Alb. tani, Lith. nū, Ltv. nu, Gm. nu/nun, Lat. nunc, Eng. nū/now, Gk. νῦν (nun)/, Hitt. nu, Luw. nanun, ON nū, Pers. nūra/æknun, Old Prussian teinu, Skr. नू (nū), Toch. nuṃ/nano, Goth. nu, OCS nyne
*néwos, *néwyos new Lat. novus, OCS новъ (novŭ), Russ. новый (novyj), Gk. νέος (neos), Hitt. newa, Eng. nīwe/new, Skr. नव (náva), Av. nava, Lith. naujas, Ltv. naujš, Gaul. Noviodūnum, Gm. niuwi/neu, Kamviri nuĩ, Kashmiri nōv, Osset. ног (nog)/нæуæг (næuæg), Polish nowy, Welsh newydd, Pers. /نو (nau), Toch. ñu/ñuwe, Old Prussian nauns, Oscan Núvellum, Goth. niujis, Ir. nue/nua, ON nýr, Thrac. neos, Luw. nāwa
*nisdós nest secondary root, from ni- + sed. OCS gnĕzdo, Russ. гнездо (gnezdo), Eng. nest/nest, Arm. նիստ (nist), Skr. नीड (nīḍá), Ir. net/nead, Gm. nest/Nest, Polish gniazdo, Welsh nyth, Lat. nidus
[edit]Languages with abbreviations



osskrum ea



sobnignma
semog
celarbes hesoseraslealaebes lobneseid modgistedo nozeloase podase
solegenese sceloganose zemose scokle-zcemose sol-zhangole
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