Entries

tensasi

tensasi
tensasji

ceirsenpi.)
ceirselxa’u x1 is a/the habitation/dwelling/house of god x2. (Cf. ceizda,
lijda.)
ceirsenpi c1 is an agnostic. (Cf. cevni, senpi,
nalceikri, lijda.)
ceizda z1 is the Heaven of religious community
c2. (Cf. ceirselxa’u, lijda.)
cei [CEI] selbri variable assignment; assigns
broda series pro-bridi to a selbri.
cekrpolo x1 is a polo shirt of material x2. (A Tshaped shirt with a collar, typically a two- or threebutton placket, and an optional pocket. Cf. creka.)
celga’a g1 = c2 is an arrow made of g2
fired/launched by c1. (Cf. cecla, grana, bagyce’a.)
celguntas x1 is Sagittarius [astronomical constellation/astrological sign]. (From shooter (=celgunta). The Babylonians identified Sagittarius as
the god Pabilsag, a strange centaur-like creature ˆ
firing an arrow from a bow.The sumerian name
may be translated as the ’Forefather’ or ’Chief
Ancestor’ (=barda dzena?). In Greek mythology,
Sagittarius is identified as a centaur: half human,
half horse.)
celgunta g1 (person/mass) attacks with
a projectile weapon/shoots victim g2 with
goal/objective g3 using launcher/gun c1 which
launches/fires/shoots projectile/missle c2 propelled by propellant/propulsion c3. (Cf. cecla,
gunta.)
celma’i x1 is December of year x2 in calendar
x3. (Cf. pavrelmasti, kanbyma’i, nanca.)
celxa’i xa1 = c1 is a gun/cannon/firearm for
use against xa2 by xa3, launching projectile c2 propelled by c3. (jvajvo; Gismu deep structure is ”cecla gi’e xarci”.)
cemlanzu l1 = c1 is a tribe with members including l1 according standard l3.
cemra’a s1 pertains to community s2 = c2 (Cultural gismu replacement lujvo for communities:
From gismu cecmu and srana)
cenba [cne] x1 varies/changes in property/quantity x2 (ka/ni) in amount/degree x3
under conditions x4. (Non-resultative, notnecessarily causal change. (cf. cenba which is nonresultative, galfi which is resultative and causal,
stika which is non-resultative and causal; stodi, zasni, binxo))
cenlai x1 is x2 percent of x3 in dimension/aspect x3. (Cf. ce’i.)
censa [ces] x1 is holy/sacred to person/people/culture/religion/cult/group x2. (See
also cevni, krici, latna, pruxi, lijda, sinma.)
centi [cen] x1 is a hundredth [1/100; 1 10
2
]
of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units).
(See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro,
kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, decti, dekto,
femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri,
milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso,
zepti, zetro.)
centre m1 = c1 is m2 = c2 centimeter(s) / hundredth(s) of a meter [metric unit] in length (default 1) measured in direction m3 = c3 by standard
x4 = m3. (Cf. navytre, centi, mitre.)
cerda [ced] x1 is an heir to/is to inherit x2
(object/quality) from x3 according to rule x4.
(Pedantically, inheriting an object should be a
sumti-raising (tu’a if non-abstract in x2) of inheriting loka ponse the object - the ownership of the
object (= posycerda, posyselcerda for unambiguous semantics). See also jgina.)
cermurse m1 = c1 is the dawn of day m2 = c2
at location m3 = c3. (Cf. vacmurse.)
22

canti x1 is a/the
gut(s)/entrails/intestines/viscera/innards/digestive
system [body-part] of x2. (Metaphor: process hub.
See also betfu.)
cantybargau g1 disembowels c2 = b2.
canxais Shanghai. (Cf. jungo, tcunCIN, xyngon, cangan, xonkon, tcadu.)
capli’u l1 is an adventurer traveling via route l2
using means/vehicle x3. (Cf. renvi.)
capnu’e x1 threatens x2 with x3 (danger, peril).
capsidba’u b1 snarls/growls/roars the threat
(utterance) of idea/action s2 at audience s3. (Cf.
ckape, stidi, bacru, capti’i, fegba’u, fe’ucmo.)
capti’i s1 (agent) threatens/menaces
idea/action s2 to audience s3. (Cf. baple’i,
terpa, jamna.)
capu’o [ZAhO*] time tense: is going to, is now
just about to, is now anticipating; (tense/modal).
carbi’e b1 = c1 is a tornado/waterspout moving
from direction b2 at speed b3 rotating around centre /eye c2 with rotational direction c3. (Cf. carna,
brife, taifnu, vilti’a.)
carce x1 is a cart/carriage/wagon [wheeled vehicle] for carrying x2, propelled by x3. (See also
karce, xislu, marce, matra.)
carcpu l1 reels in l2 = c1 by handle/at locus l3
by rotating it around axis c2. (Cf. bloti, fipkalte,
20catni ce’o
curnu.)
carcra cr1 = ca1 turns to face cr2. (Cf. crane,
carna.)
carcycutci cu1 is a roller skate/ice skate for feet
cu2, of material cu3, for carrying x4 = ca2. (Cf.
cucyxelkla, xilcutci, xilcucli’u, cucma’e.)
carcylai k1 is k2 (quantifier, default: one) cartloads/wagonloads in quantity. (Cf. carce, klani.)
cargau x1 turns x2 around axis x3 in direction
x4. (Cf. carcpu.)
carlimcinki x1 is a whirligig beetle of species x2.
(Cf. cakcinki.)
carmi [cam cai] x1 is intense/bright/saturated/brilliant in property
(ka) x2 as received/measured by observer x3.
(Also lustrous, gleaming, sparkling, shining (all
probably better metaphorically combined with
gusni: gusycai or camgu’i); in colors, refers
principally to increased saturation (with opposite
kandi). See also denmi, gusni, kandi, ruble, skari,
tilju, tsali, mutce, blabi, blanu, bunre, cicna, crino,
grusi, narju, nukni, pelxu, xekri, xunre, zirpu.)
carna’ivinji x1 is a helicopter for carrying x2,
propelled by x3. (Cf. vofli.)
carna [car] x1 turns/rotates/revolves
around axis x2 in direction x3. (Also revolve (=
jincarna). See also gunro, jendu.)
carpacib Rot-13. (Cf. mifra, mipri, vlali’i, lerpoi.)
cartu [cat] x1 is a chart/diagram/map
of/about x2 showing formation/data-points x3.
(See also platu.)
carvi [cav] x1 rains/showers/[precipitates]
to x2 from x3; x1 is precipitation [not limited to
’rain’]. (See also bratu, dilnu, santa, snime, tcima,
bisli, bumru.)
casnu [snu] x1(s) (mass normally, but 1 individual/jo’u possible) discuss(es)/talk(s) about
topic/subject x2. (Also chat, converse. See also
bacru, cusku, darlu, tavla.)
catke [ca’e] x1 [agent] shoves/pushes x2
at locus x3. (Move by pushing/shoving (=
ca’ermuvgau). (cf. danre for non-agentive force,
lacpu))
catlu [cta] x1 looks
at/examines/views/inspects/regards/watches/gazes
at x2. (Also look through (= grecta, ravycta, bacycta); note that English ”look” often means a
more generic ”observe”. See also jvinu, minra,
simlu, viska, lanli, zgana, setca, viska.)
catni [ca’i] x1 has authority/is an official
in/on/over matter/sphere/persons x2 derived on
basis x3. (See also turni, tutra, krati, cmavo list ca’i,
jaspu, pulji.)
catnrpepiskopo j1 is the bishop/archbishop of
j2 of religion l1. (Cf. catni, jdatro.)
catra x1 (agent) kills/slaughters/murders x2 by
action/method x3. (See also morsi, xarci.)
catrymi’e m1 orders m2 to have c2 excecuted by
action/method c3. (Cf. catra, minde.)
catryseljibri x1 is a hitman. (Cf. zekri, bakcatra,
sonci.)
caucni cl1 = ci1 misses cl2 = ci3. (Cf. seicni.)
caurgau g1 (person/agent) deprives c1 of c2.
(Cf. caucni, seicni, nonkansa, pavysei, xagji, nitcu,
djica.)
cau [BAI] claxu modal, 1st place lacked by ...
cavlu’i l1 (agent) showers l2. (Cf. cavysezlu’i,
lumci, carvi, jinsa, zbabu.)
cavyfle f1 = c1, consisting of f2, pours into f3 =
c2 from f4 = c3.
cavykosta k1 is a raincoat of material k2, protecting from rain c1. (Cf. tcima, bandu.)
cavysezlu’i l1 = s1 (agent) showers itself of
soil/contaminant l3 with cleaning material(s) l4.
(Cf. cavlu’i.)
caxmati x1 is a game of chess between x2
(white) and x3 (black).
caxno [cax] x1 is shallow in extent in direction/property x2 away from reference point x3 by
standard x4. (See also condi, tordu, jarki, cinla,
cmalu, jarki, jmifa.)
cazyfau f1 is actual (existing in act or reality, not
just potentially). (Cf. fasnu, ca’a, jetnu.)
cazyfusra f1 is rotten/decayed/fermented
with decay/fermentation agent f2. (Cf. kukfusra.)
ca [PU] time tense relation/direction: is [selbri]; during/simultaneous with [sumti]; present
tense.
ce’a [LAU] 2-word letteral/shift: the word
following indicates a new font (e.g. italics,
manuscript).
ce’e [CEhE] links terms into an afterthought
termset.
ce’i [cez] [PA3] digit/number: % percentage symbol, hundredths.
ce’o [ce’o] [JOI] non-logical connective: ordered sequence link; ”and then”, forming a sequence.
21celgunta cermurse
ce’u [KOhA8] pseudo-quantifier binding a
variable within an abstraction that represents an
open place.
cecla [cel ce’a] x1 launches/fires/shoots
projectile/missile x2, propelled by x3
[propellant/propulsion]. (Also: x1 is a
gun/launcher/cannon; x1 hurls/throws/casts
(more general than renro in that propulsion need
not be internal to x1). See also renro, danti, jakne,
jbama, spoja.)
cecmu [cem ce’u] x1 is a community/colony of organisms x2. (See also bende,
kulnu, natmi, tcadu, jecta, girzu.)
cedra x1 is an era/epoch/age characterized by
x2 (event/property/interval/idea). ((x2 interval
should be the defining boundaries; if merely a
characterizing period, the nature of the interval
should be expressed in an abstract bridi, or the
interval should be marked with tu’a; x2 may also
be characteristic object(s) or practices of the era, if
marked with tu’a); See also ranji, temci, citsi.)
cedrymi’u m1 = c1 is contemporary with/in the
same epoch/era as m2 by standard m3 (m1 = c1
and m2 interchangeable).
ceikri k1 believes (without evidence/proof) that
the god/deity c1 exists. (Cf. seljda, nalceikri,
ceirsenpi.)
ceirselxa’u x1 is a/the habitation/dwelling/house of god x2. (Cf. ceizda,
lijda.)
ceirsenpi c1 is an agnostic. (Cf. cevni, senpi,
nalceikri, lijda.)
ceizda z1 is the Heaven of religious community
c2. (Cf. ceirselxa’u, lijda.)
cei [CEI] selbri variable assignment; assigns
broda series pro-bridi to a selbri.
cekrpolo x1 is a polo shirt of material x2. (A Tshaped shirt with a collar, typically a two- or threebutton placket, and an optional pocket. Cf. creka.)
celga’a g1 = c2 is an arrow made of g2
fired/launched by c1. (Cf. cecla, grana, bagyce’a.)
celguntas x1 is Sagittarius [astronomical constellation/astrological sign]. (From shooter (=celgunta). The Babylonians identified Sagittarius as
the god Pabilsag, a strange centaur-like creature ˆ
firing an arrow from a bow.The sumerian name
may be translated as the ’Forefather’ or ’Chief
Ancestor’ (=barda dzena?). In Greek mythology,
Sagittarius is identified as a centaur: half human,
half horse.)
celgunta g1 (person/mass) attacks with
a projectile weapon/shoots victim g2 with
goal/objective g3 using launcher/gun c1 which
launches/fires/shoots projectile/missle c2 propelled by propellant/propulsion c3. (Cf. cecla,
gunta.)

celma’i x1 is December of year x2 in calendar
x3. (Cf. pavrelmasti, kanbyma’i, nanca.)
celxa’i xa1 = c1 is a gun/cannon/firearm for
use against xa2 by xa3, launching projectile c2 propelled by c3. (jvajvo; Gismu deep structure is ”cecla gi’e xarci”.)
cemlanzu l1 = c1 is a tribe with members including l1 according standard l3.
cemra’a s1 pertains to community s2 = c2 (Cultural gismu replacement lujvo for communities:
From gismu cecmu and srana)
cenba [cne] x1 varies/changes in property/quantity x2 (ka/ni) in amount/degree x3
under conditions x4. (Non-resultative, notnecessarily causal change. (cf. cenba which is nonresultative, galfi which is resultative and causal,
stika which is non-resultative and causal; stodi, zasni, binxo))
cenlai x1 is x2 percent of x3 in dimension/aspect x3. (Cf. ce’i.)
censa [ces] x1 is holy/sacred to person/people/culture/religion/cult/group x2. (See
also cevni, krici, latna, pruxi, lijda, sinma.)
centi [cen] x1 is a hundredth [1/100; 1 10
2
]
of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units).
(See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro,
kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, decti, dekto,
femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri,
milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso,
zepti, zetro.)
centre m1 = c1 is m2 = c2 centimeter(s) / hundredth(s) of a meter [metric unit] in length (default 1) measured in direction m3 = c3 by standard
x4 = m3. (Cf. navytre, centi, mitre.)
cerda [ced] x1 is an heir to/is to inherit x2
(object/quality) from x3 according to rule x4.
(Pedantically, inheriting an object should be a
sumti-raising (tu’a if non-abstract in x2) of inheriting loka ponse the object - the ownership of the
object (= posycerda, posyselcerda for unambiguous semantics). See also jgina.)
cermurse m1 = c1 is the dawn of day m2 = c2
at location m3 = c3. (Cf. vacmurse.)
22
celma’i x1 is December of year x2 in calendar
x3. (Cf. pavrelmasti, kanbyma’i, nanca.)
celxa’i xa1 = c1 is a gun/cannon/firearm for
use against xa2 by xa3, launching projectile c2 propelled by c3. (jvajvo; Gismu deep structure is ”cecla gi’e xarci”.)
cemlanzu l1 = c1 is a tribe with members including l1 according standard l3.
cemra’a s1 pertains to community s2 = c2 (Cultural gismu replacement lujvo for communities:
From gismu cecmu and srana)
cenba [cne] x1 varies/changes in property/quantity x2 (ka/ni) in amount/degree x3
under conditions x4. (Non-resultative, notnecessarily causal change. (cf. cenba which is nonresultative, galfi which is resultative and causal,
stika which is non-resultative and causal; stodi, zasni, binxo))
cenlai x1 is x2 percent of x3 in dimension/aspect x3. (Cf. ce’i.)
censa [ces] x1 is holy/sacred to person/people/culture/religion/cult/group x2. (See
also cevni, krici, latna, pruxi, lijda, sinma.)
centi [cen] x1 is a hundredth [1/100; 1 10
2
]
of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units).
(See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro,
kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, decti, dekto,
femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri,
milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso,
zepti, zetro.)
centre m1 = c1 is m2 = c2 centimeter(s) / hundredth(s) of a meter [metric unit] in length (default 1) measured in direction m3 = c3 by standard
x4 = m3. (Cf. navytre, centi, mitre.)
cerda [ced] x1 is an heir to/is to inherit x2
(object/quality) from x3 according to rule x4.
(Pedantically, inheriting an object should be a
sumti-raising (tu’a if non-abstract in x2) of inheriting loka ponse the object - the ownership of the
object (= posycerda, posyselcerda for unambiguous semantics). See also jgina.)
cermurse m1 = c1 is the dawn of day m2 = c2
at location m3 = c3. (Cf. vacmurse.)
22
celma’i x1 is December of year x2 in calendar
x3. (Cf. pavrelmasti, kanbyma’i, nanca.)
celxa’i xa1 = c1 is a gun/cannon/firearm for
use against xa2 by xa3, launching projectile c2 propelled by c3. (jvajvo; Gismu deep structure is ”cecla gi’e xarci”.)
cemlanzu l1 = c1 is a tribe with members including l1 according standard l3.
cemra’a s1 pertains to community s2 = c2 (Cultural gismu replacement lujvo for communities:
From gismu cecmu and srana)
cenba [cne] x1 varies/changes in property/quantity x2 (ka/ni) in amount/degree x3
under conditions x4. (Non-resultative, notnecessarily causal change. (cf. cenba which is nonresultative, galfi which is resultative and causal,
stika which is non-resultative and causal; stodi, zasni, binxo))
cenlai x1 is x2 percent of x3 in dimension/aspect x3. (Cf. ce’i.)
censa [ces] x1 is holy/sacred to person/people/culture/religion/cult/group x2. (See
also cevni, krici, latna, pruxi, lijda, sinma.)
centi [cen] x1 is a hundredth [1/100; 1 10
2
]
of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units).
(See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro,
kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, decti, dekto,
femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri,
milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso,
zepti, zetro.)
centre m1 = c1 is m2 = c2 centimeter(s) / hundredth(s) of a meter [metric unit] in length (default 1) measured in direction m3 = c3 by standard
x4 = m3. (Cf. navytre, centi, mitre.)
cerda [ced] x1 is an heir to/is to inherit x2
(object/quality) from x3 according to rule x4.
(Pedantically, inheriting an object should be a
sumti-raising (tu’a if non-abstract in x2) of inheriting loka ponse the object - the ownership of the
object (= posycerda, posyselcerda for unambiguous semantics). See also jgina.)

ermurse m1 = c1 is the dawn of day m2 = c2
at location m3 = c3. (Cf. vacmurse.)
22
ermurse m1 = c1 is the dawn of day m2 = c2
at location m3 = c3. (Cf. vacmurse.)
22

ermurse m1 = c1 is the dawn of day m2 = c2
at location m3 = c3. (Cf. vacmurse.)
22

cfari ci’izma
cerni [cer] x1 is a morning [dawn until after
typical start-of-work for locale] of day x2 at location x3. (This morning (= cabdeicerni); tomorrow morning (= bavlamcerni); yesterday morning
(= prulamcerni, prulamdeicerni) See also vanci,
murse, tcika.)
cersai s1 (mass) is a breakfast composed of
dishes including s2. (Cf. dormijysai, vacysai,
cerni, sanmi.)
certu [cre] x1 is an expert/pro/has prowess
in/is skilled at x2 (event/activity) by standard x3.
(Also competent, skilled. See also djuno, stati,
kakne.)
cesri’a r1 blesses/sanctifies c1 in the name
of person/people/culture/religion/cult/group c2
under conditions r3. (Cf. ruxyzau, dapma, lijda,
cevni, makfa, xamgu, vrude.)
cesri’isi’a s1 worships s2 = c1, which is
holy/sacred to c2 = r3, with ritual r1 having
form/rules r4. (Cf. cesri’a.)
cesycku cu1 = ce1 is a holy book containing
work cu2 by (presumed) author cu3 for audience
cu4 = ce2 preserved in medium cu5. (Cf. lijda,
xebro, xriso, muslo, jegvo.)
cesystu s1 = c1 is a holy site to person/people/culture/religion/cult/group c2. (Cf.
ritli, cesri’a, cesri’isi’a, lijda.)
cevni [cev cei] x1 is a/the god/deity of
people(s)/religion x2 with dominion over x3
[sphere]; x1 is divine. (Also divinity; x2 religion
refers to the religious community as a mass. See
also censa, krici, lijda, malsi.)
cev God. (Cf. cevni, jegvon, jegvo, muslo, xebro, xriso.)
ce [cec] [JOI] non-logical connective: set
link, unordered; ”and also”, but forming a set.
cfabalvi b1 is entirely in the future of b2; b1 begins after b2. (Cf. cfari, balvi.)
cfaga’e g1 notices g2 by means g3 under condition g4 = c1. (Cf. ganse, facki, sanji.)
cfagau x1 = g1 (person/agent) initiates/begins/starts/causes the beginning of
x2 = c1 (state/event/process). (Cf. cfari, krasi,
sisti, cfari’i, co’arbi’o.)
cfapru p1 is preliminary to c1 = p2’s beginning.
cfari’i r1 is/are the ritual/proceedings for
starting/commencing c1[event/state/process] by
community r2 with rules c4. (Cf. cfari, ritli, cfagau.)
cfari [cfa] x1 [state/event/process] commences/initiates/starts/begins to occur; (intransitive verb). (See also sisti, krasi, fanmo, co’acfa.)
cfasanji s1 realizes s2 under condition c1. (Cf.
sanji, cfaga’e.)
cfatse x1 sits down on x2. (Cf. co’a, cfari, zutse,
nitytse, tsebi’o. Simple zutse refers to the act of
sitting, whereas cfatse means the act of beginning
to sit. )
cfika [fik fi’a] x1 is a work of fiction about
plot/theme/subject x2/under convention x2 by
author x3. (Also story, lie, untrue. See also cukta,
lisri, prosa, fatci, jitfa, jetnu, xanri.)
cfila [cfi] x1 (property - ka) is a
flaw/fault/defect in x2 causing x3. (See also
cikre, srera, fenra, fliba, prane.)
cfine x1 is a wedge [shape/form/tool] of material x2. (See also tutci.)
cfipu [fi’u] x1 (event/state) confuses/baffles x2 [observer] due to [confusing]
property x3 (ka). (See also pluja, cfipu, zunti.)
cfisisku s1 diagnoses/proofreads/searches/tests/debugs for flaw/property
c1 = s2 in c2 = s3 causing c3
ci’ajbu j1 is a writing desk of material j2, supported by legs/base/pedestal j3, used by writer
c1. (Cf. bijyjbu.)
ci’arfi’i f1 = c1 writes/authors f2 = c2 for
purpose f3 from existing elements/ideas f4. (Cf.
cfika, cukta.)

ci’arse’u s1 = c2 is a secretary to s2. (Cf. briju,
bijyjbu, ci’ajbu.)
ci’asku cu1 = ci1 expresses in writing cu2 = ci2
for audience cu3 using display/storage medium
ci3 with writing implement ci4. (Cf. ci’arfi’i, cukta,
karni, notci.)
ci’erkeilai ke1 = kl1 has score kl2 in game ke2 =
c1 governed by rules c2 interrelating game parts
(physical or conceptual) c3. (klani3 (the scale of
the score) is implicit in the rules of the game.)
ci’erkei k1 plays game k2 = c1 governed by
rules c2 interrelating game parts (physical or conceptual) c3. (Cf. ciste, kelci, nunkei, terjvi.)
ci’e [BAI] ciste modal, 1st place used in scalar
negation in system/context ...
ci’iroi [ROI*] tense interval modifier: occurs in-
finite times, eternally; objective tense; defaults as
time.
ci’izma c1 = z1 is more interesting than z2 to c2
in amount z4. (Cf. ci’irme’a.)
23cicna ciftoldi
ci’i [PA5] digit/number: infinity; followed by
digits =¿ aleph cardinality.
ci’o [BAI] cinmo modal, 1st place emotionally
felt by ...
ci’u [BAI] ckilu modal, 1st place on the scale ...
cibdei x1 is a Wednesday of week x2 on calendar x3.
cibjgacmaci c1 is trigonometry of triangle j1.
(Cf. ci, jganu, cmaci, cibjgatai.)
cibjgataidamri d1 is a triangle (musical instrument). (Cf. cibjgatai, balzgibe’e, bikydamri.)
cibjgatai t1 is a triangle. (Cf. cibjgacmaci, cibjgataidamri.)
cibjmagutci g1 is g2 yard/yards (length unit).
(Cf. ci, jamfu, gutci, degygutci, jmagutci, birgutci,
minli.)
ciblrmoru x1 is myrrh from tree species x2. (Cf.
ciblu.)
ciblu [blu] x1 is blood/vital fluid of organism
x2. (See also risna, flecu.)
cibmasti x1 is March/the third month of year
x2 in calendar x3. (Cf. pavmasti, nanca.)
cibmast March. (Cf. fipma’i, cibmasti.)
cibmoija’a j1 has the rank of Major/Lieutenant
Commander/Squadron Leader (equivalent of
NATO OF-3) in military unit /organization j2. (Cf.
ci, moi, jatna, jemja’a, vairsoi, vonmoija’a, relmoija’a. Based on STANAG 2116: NATO Codes
for Grades of Military Personnel.)
cibmomdegji m1 = d1 is the middle finger of
d2. (Cf. degji.)
cibnacmei x1 is a 3-dimensional vector with coordinates x2, x3 and x4. (Cf. nacmei, relnacmei.)
cibylajyterkruca x1 = kr3 is a three-way intersection of roads x2 = kr1 = kl1.
cibyplini p1 is the third closest planet revolving
around p2, with planetary characteristics p3, orbital parameters p4. (Cf. pavyplini, relplini etc.,
terdi, solri, mluni, lunra, plinycma, tarci’e.)
cibyseltu’e t2 is three-legged with legs t1. (Cf.
ci, tuple.)
cibyselxi’u x1 = xi2 is a three-wheeled
device/vehicle, with wheel made of materials/having properties xi3. (Cf. relxilma’e, karce.)
cibyslakyvla v1 is a three-syllable word meaning v2 in language v3 = s2 with syllables s1. (Cf.
relslakyvla, pavyslakyvla.)
cicfoi f1 is an uncultivated field of material f2.
(Cf. ricfoi, ricyci’e.)
cicna x1 is cyan/turquoise/greenish-blue
[color adjective]. (See also skari, blabi, xekri,
kandi, carmi, crino, blanu.)
cicpre c1 = p1 is a savage/wild person. (Cf.
cicre’a.)
cicre’a c1 = r1 is a savage/wild human. (Cf.
cicpre.)
cicricfoi f1 is a jungle
cicycrepu cr1 wildcrafts cr2 from cr3=ci1. (Cf.
rarvelcange.)
cicyractu r1 is a hare of species r2.
cicyrismi x1 is wild rice of species/variety x2.
(Cf. dzizani, gurni.)
cicyspavi’u v1 weeds out plants s1 = c1
of species s2 from v3 with/leaving result/remnant/remainder v4. (Cf. cilce, spati,
vimcu, cicfoi, cicyspa, cicyspafoi, cicycrepu.)
cicyspa s1 = c1 is a weed of species s2. (Cf.
cicyspavi’u.)
cidja [dja] x1 is food/feed/nutriment for x2;
x1 is edible/gives nutrition to x2. (See also citka,
nitcu, pinxe, xagji, cpina.)
cidjrburito x1 is a burrito/Mexican dish of ingredients wrapped in a tortilla including ingredients x2.
cidjrkusku x1 is a quantity of couscous of ingredients including x2
cidjrpitsa x1 is a pizza with topping/ingredients x2. (Cf. cidja, iptsa, pitnanba,
nabypalne.)
cidjrxametsa x1 is chometz. (see also fomymledi, nanbrmatsa)
cidni [cid] x1 is a/the knee/elbow/knuckle
[hinged joint, body-part] of limb x2 of body x3.
(Metaphor: a sharp bend/curve. See also korcu,
jarco, jganu.)

cidro [dro] x1 is a quantity of/contains/is
made of hydrogen (H); [metaphor: light,
flammable]. (See also gapci, xukmi.)
cidydzu ca1 = ci3 crawls on surface ca2. (Cf.
cidni, cadzu, cidydzu, cidykla, reskla. Similar to
walking but without standing on feet. )
cidytse t1 kneels on surface t2 on limb c2 = x3
of body c3 = x4.
cifnu [cif] x1 is an infant/baby [helpless through youth/incomplete development] of
species x2. (Also infantile. See also makcu, verba.)
ciftoldi x1 is a caterpillar (larva of butterfly or
moth - not sawfly) of species x2. (Cf. toldi, cinki,
sfani.)
24cimde cinje
cifxrula x1 is a flower bud of plant/species x2.
(Cf. banro, ba’orzu’e, ba’ostu, spati.)
cifydatka d1 = c1 is a duckling of species/breed
d2 = c2. (Cf. cipni, gunse, sovda.)
cifylisri l1 is a children’s story about
plot/subject/moral l2 by storyteller l3 to audience l4. (Cf. ranmi, pemci, crida.)
cigla [cig] x1 is a/the gland [body-part] secreting x2, of body x3; x2 is a secretion of x1. (Secretion (= selcigla). See also vikmi, xasne.)
ciki’o [PA*] number/quantity: 3,000 expressed
with comma.
cikna [cik] (adjective:) x1 is
awake/alert/conscious. (See also sanji, sipna,
tatpi.)
cikre x1 repairs/mends/fixes x2 for use x3. (A
repair may be incomplete, fixing only one of the
possible uses of x2, hence x3. See also cfila, spofu.)
ciksi [cki] x1 (person) explains x2
(event/state/property) to x3 with explanation x4 (du’u). (Explanation x4 is an underlying
mechanism/details/purpose/method for x2 (=
velcki for reordered places), generally assumed to
be non-obvious; metaphorical usage with the various causal relations (i.e. jalge, mukti, krinu, rinka,
nibli, zukte) is possible, but the non-obviousness,
and the existence of an explainer with a point of
view makes this word not a simple expression of
cause. See also cipra, danfu, jalge, jinvi, krinu,
mukti, nabmi, preti, rinka, sidbo, zukte, tavla.)
ciksne s1 = c1 daydreams about s2; s2 is a daydream of s1 = c1. (Cf. nunxumsne.)
cikybi’o b1 = c1 awakens/becomes awake under conditions b3. (Cf. cikygau.)
cikygau g1 (person/agent) wakes up c1. (Cf.
cikybi’o.)
cilce [cic] (adjective:) x1 is wild/untamed.
(Tame (= tolcilce). See also pinfu, panpi, tarti.)
ciljongau g1 ties j1 to j2 with c1.
cilmo [cim] x1 is moist/wet/damp with liquid x2. (See also litki, lunsa, sudga.)
cilre [cli] x1 learns x2 (du’u) about subject
x3 from source x4 (obj./event) by method x5
(event/process). (See also ctuca, tadni, djuno, ckule.)
cilta [cil] x1 is a thread/filament/wire
[shape/form] of material x2. (See also fenso, nivji,
skori, silka.)
cimde’u d1 = c1 is a quantityof/contains/is
made of mud from source d2 of composition d3,
moist due to liquid c2. (Cf. jduli.)
cimde x1 (property - ka) is a dimension of
space/object x2 according to rules/model x3. (See
also morna, ckilu, merli, manri.)
cimei [MOI*] quantifier selbri: convert 3 to cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with the trio of members
x2.
cimjvo l1 is an implicitly metaphorical lujvo
with meaning l2 and arguments l3 built from
metaphor l4. (Used to refer to metaphorical lujvo
that do not contain any -pev- rafsi (for pe’a). The
word cimjvo is itself an example of cimjvo.)
cimni x1 is infinite/unending/eternal in property/dimension x2, to degree x3 (quantity)/of
type x3. (Also everlasting, eternity, (= cimnytei),
eternal (= cimnyteikai or temcimni). See also
vitno, renvi, munje, fanmo, sisti.)
cimnytei t1 = c1 is an eternity. (Cf. cedra.)
cimnyterjunta j3 = c1 is a/the black hole. (Cf.
cimni, junta, tarci, tarske, mu’eske.)
cimoi [MOI*] quantified selbri: convert 3 to ordinal selbri; x1 is third among x2 ordered by rule
x3.
cimri’a r1 (event/state) moistens c1 with liquid
c2 under conditions r3. (Cf. djacu, carvi, litki.)
cimtu’a t1 = c1 is a swamp/marsh/wetland at
location t2 with liquid c2
cinba x1 (agent) kisses/busses x2 at locus x3.
(See also ctebi.)
cincizra n1 = z1 = x1 is sexually deviant/perverted in activity/state n2 = x2 in property z3 = n3 = x3 to person/by reference point
z2 = n4 = x4; x1 is sexually perverted (cf. cinse,
cizra)
cindu x1 is an oak, a type of tree of
species/strain x2. (See also tricu.)
cinfos x1 is Leo [constellation/astrological
sign]. (From cinfo (=lion; lojban); leo (=lion; latin).
Many civilizations over thousands of years have
portrayed the constellation of Leo as a lion.)
cinfo x1 is a lion/[lioness] of species/breed x2.
(See also mlatu.)
cinfyma’i x1 is August of year x2 in calendar x3.
(Cf. bivmasti, kanbyma’i, nanca.)
cingafpre p1 is a transsexual person. (Cf.
datcinselta’u.)
cinje [cij] x1 is a wrinkle/crease/fold
[shape/form] in x2. (See also korcu, polje, boxfo,
boxna.)
25cipcta cirko
cinJIAN Xinjiang (Uygur Autonomous Region
of China)
cinjikca j1 = c1 courts/flirts with j1, exhibiting sexuality/gender/sexual orientation c3 (ka) by
standard c4. (Cf. cinse, jikca, prami, pampe’o)
cinki x1 is an insect/arthropod of species x2;
[bug/beetle]. (See also civla, danlu, jalra, jukni,
manti, sfani, toldi, bifce.)
cinla x1 is thin in direction/dimension x2 by
standard x3; [relatively short in smallest dimension]. (See also rotsu, jarki, tordu, cmalu, caxno,
plana, jarki.)
cinlysko s1 is a string of s2 material.
cinlyze’a z1 = c1 becomes thinner in direction/dimension c2 by amount z3. (Cf. cinla,
zenba.)
cinmle m1 = c1 is sexy/hot/attractive to m2 in
aspect m3 by standard m4 = c4. (Cf. cinse, melbi,
mleba’i.)
cinmo [cni] x1 feels emotion x2 (ka) about x3.
(Also mood/humor (= nuncni). See also cmavo
list ci’o, cumla, jilra, nelci, xendo, ckeji, cortu, jgira,
kecti, kufra, manci, prami, steba, zungi, badri,
burna, gleki.)
cinono [PA*] number/quantity: 300 [three
hundred].
cino [PA*] number/quantity: 30 [thirty].
cinri [ci’i] x1 (abstraction) interests/is interesting to x2; x2 is interested in x1. (Use x1 tu’a for
non-specific interest in an object; interested in (=
selci’i). See also zdile, kucli, manci, kurji.)
cinse [cin] x1 in activity/state x2 exhibits
sexuality/gender/sexual orientation x3 (ka) by
standard x4. (Also: x1 courts/flirts; x3 could be
a ka ¡gender or role¿, ka ¡attraction to a gender¿,
or ka ¡type of activity¿, etc.; (adjective:) x1 is sexual/sexy; x1 is flirted with/courted by x2 (= cinfriti, cinjikca). See also gletu, pinji, plibu, vibna,
vlagi.)
cinta x1 [material] is a paint of pigment/active
substance x2, in a base of x3. (See also pixra, skari.)
cintypu’i p1 paints surface p3 with paint p2 = c1.
(Cf. cinta, punji, pirlarfi’i.)
cinza x1 is a/are
tong(s)/chopsticks/pincers/tweezers/pliers
[tool/body-part] for x2 to pinch x3. (See also
tutci.)
cionmau x1 is a panda of genus/species x2. (Cf.
latcribe, cribe, jungo, mabru.)
cipcta x1 checks/investigates/examines/inspects
x2 for property x3. (Cf. cipra, catlu.)
ciplanli l1 experiments l2 = c2 by means l3. (Cf.
lanli, cipra, tadni, birti.)
cipni [cpi] x1 is a bird/avian/fowl of species
x2. (See also datka, gunse, jipci, nalci, pimlu, vofli,
xruki, danlu.)
cipnrbuteo x1 is a buzzard of species/type x2
(Genus Buteo)
cipnrdodo x1 is a dodo of species x2.
cipnrdromai x1 is an emu of variety/species x2.
(This could also be used for any member of the
Dromaius genus, of which there is currently only
one surviving species.)
cipnrfalko x1 is a falcon (genus ’falco’). (see
falkoni)

cipnrfasani x1 is a pheasant/partridge/quail/peafowl of species/type
x2 (Family Phasianidae )
cipnrkanario x1 is a canary. (Cf. cipni. Linnaean ’Serinus canaria’. )
cipnrkorvo x1 is a crow/raven of species x2.
(Cf. xekcpi, cipnrpika.)
cipnrkuku x1 is a cuckoo of species x2. (Cf.
cipni, parji, krotofaga, cipnrxuazine, sutybajycpi.)
cipnrlaridei x1 is a gull of species x2 (Family
Laridae)
cipnrlori x1 is a lory/lorikeet of species x2. (Cf.
spitaki.)
cipnrpika x1 is a European magpie of subspecies x1. (Cf. cipnrkorvo, xekcpi.)
cipnrsikonia x1 is a stork of species/type x2
(Genus Ciconia)
cipnrxuazine x1 is a hoatzin of breed x2. (Cf.
cipnrkuku, cipni.)
cipra [cip] x1 (process/event) is a test
for/proof of property/state x2 in subject x3 (individ./set/mass). (Also examination, proxy measure, validation; (a set in x3 must be completely
specified). See also ciksi, troci, jarco, pajni, saske.)
cipyple p1 is a test-paper from source p2
for/proof of property/state c3 in subject c4. (Cf.
cipra, pelji, lanli.)
circre ce1 is an historian of the history of ci2 according to standard ce3. (Cf. balcu’e, balkulctu.)
circtu ct1 teaches history ci1 to audience ct2 by
method ct5 (event). (Cf. balcu’e.)
cirko [cri] x1 loses person/thing x2 at/near
x3; x1 loses property/feature x2 in conditions/situation x3. (x2 may be a specific object,
26citmau ckacivla
a commodity (mass), an event (rare for cirko), or
a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities,
this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= po’ecri, posyselcri for unambiguous semantics). See also facki, ralte, sisku,
claxu, jinga, pleji, canja, sfasa, dapma, binra,
mipri.)
cirla x1 is a quantity of/contains cheese/curd
from source x2. (See also ladru.)
cirmi’o m1 (person/object/event) is historical
among community of persons m2 (mass). (Cf. cirvai, circtu.)
ciroi [ROI*] tense interval modifier: thrice; objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense.
cirvai v1 is historical/a landmark/watershed in
the history of c2, according to v2 = c3, in aspect/for reason v3 (nu/ka). (Cf. cirmi’o.)
ciska [ci’a] x1 inscribes/writes x2 on display/storage medium x3 with writing implement
x4; x1 is a scribe. (Also x3 writing surface. See
also papri, penbi, pinsi, tcidu, xatra, pixra, prina,
finti for ’author’ or specific authorial works, barna,
pinka.)
cisma x1 smiles/grins (facial expression).
(Smile/grin at something (= cismyfra). See also
xajmi, cmila, frumu.)
cismyfra c1 = f1 smiles at f3 under conditions
f4.
4 cisni x1 is of size/measurement x2 in dimension/aspect x3
cistcika t1 (hours, minutes, seconds) is the daylight saving time of state/event t2 on day t3 at location t4 = c3. (Cf. temci.)
ciste [ci’e] x1 (mass) is a system interrelated
by structure x2 among components x3 (set) displaying x4 (ka). (x1 (or x3) is synergistic in x4;
also network; x2 also relations, rules; x3 also elements (set completely specified); x4 systemic functions/properties. See also cmavo list ci’e, cmima,
girzu, gunma, stura, tadji, munje, farvi, ganzu, judri, julne, klesi, morna, tcana.)
cistrxaioliano x1 is the minor key of tonic x2
of/with type/notes x3. (Cf. cistrxioniano, zgike.)
cistrxioniano x1 is the major key of tonic x2
of/with type/notes x3. (Cf. cistrxaioliano, zgike,
zgika’u.)
citkanba k1 is a kid of goat species k2. (Cf.
mabru, lanme.)
citka [cti] x1 eats/ingests/consumes (transitive verb) x2. (See also cidja, pinxe, tunlo, xagji,
xaksu, batci, gusta, kabri.)
citmau z1 = c1 is younger than z2 by amount z4.
(Cf. nilnalci’o, zatra’i, citme’a, citmle.)
citmle m1 is cute to m2 in aspect m3. (Cf. citno,
melbi, cinmle.)
citnau n1 = c1 is a youth/young man by standard c2. (Cf. citno, nanmu, bixma’u, xadbixma’u,
verba.)
citno [cit ci’o] x1 is young/youthful [relatively short in elapsed duration] by standard x2.
(Also age (= nilnalci’o); (adjective:) x1 is junior.
See also laldo, cnino, slabu, verba.)
citrai t1 = c1 is youngest among t4. (Cf. citmau,
nilnalci’o, zatra’i, jbena.)
citri [cir] x1 is a history of x2 according to
x3 (person)/from point-of-view x3. (Also historic/historical (= cirtermo’i, cirvai). See also
muzga.)
citsi x1 is a season/is seasonal [cyclical interval], defined by interval/property x2, of year(s)
x3. (Also anniversary (= citsydei, na’arcitsydei),
jubilee (= mumnoncitsi); the period of time may
be short or long as indicated by x2, and may occur every year or every nth year as indicated by
x3 (default every year); (x2 and/or x3 may need
metaphorical restriction: djecitsi, pavdeicitsi; also
equinox, solstice, time of year. See also cedra,
crisa, critu, dunra, ranji, temci, vensa, jbena.)
citsymu’u x1 migrates to x2 from x3 over
path/route x4 in season x5.
civla [civ] x1 is a louse/flea [blood-sucking
arthropod] of species/breed x2, parasitic on x3.
(See also cinki, jalra.)
cizda’u x1 = c1 = d1 is a monster/freak of
species x2 = d2, monstrous/freakish in property
x4 = c3 according to x3 = c4. (Cf. bi’amlu.)
cizra [ciz] x1 is
strange/weird/deviant/bizarre/odd to x2 in
property x3 (ka). (Also alien, mysterious, deviant,
queer, unusual, exotic. See also ranxi, rirci, fange,
banli.)
ci [cib] [PA1] digit/number: 3 (digit)
[three].
ckabu’u b1 is bedcloth of material b2. (Cf. kicne,
matci, badgai, sipna.)
ckabu x1 is a quantity of/contains/is made of
rubber/latex from source x2 of composition including x3. (See also pruni.)
ckacivla x1 is a bedbug. (Cf. ckacinki.)
27ckilu clacelxa’i
ckafi [kaf] x1 is made of/contains/is a quantity of coffee from source/bean/grain x2. (Brew
based on a seed/bean/grain; e.g. also chicory coffee, decaf, postum. See also tcati, brewed from a
leaf, barja, cakla.)
ckagai x1 is a blanket / quilt.
ckaji [kai] x1 has/is characterized by
property/feature/trait/aspect/dimension
x2 (ka); x2 is manifest in x1. (Manifested/property/quality/trait/feature/aspect
(= selkai). See also cmavo list kai, tcaci, tcini.)
ckakla k1 goes to bed from k3. (Omit x3 = se
klama (destination) = ckana (bed))
ckaku’a k1 is a bedroom in structure k2
surrounded by partitions/walls/ceiling/floor k3
(mass/jo’u). (Cf. ctiku’a.)
ckali’a cl1 rises/gets up/leaves bed.
ckana [cka] x1 is a bed/pallet of material x2
for holding/supporting x3 (person/object/event).
(See also kamju, kicne, nilce, palta, cpana, vreta,
jubme, stizu, matci, zbepi, palne, sarji.)
ckape [cap] x1 is perilous/dangerous/potentially harmful to x2
under conditions x3. (x1 is a danger/peril to x2.
See also te bandu, te kajde, te marbi, se snura, se
xalni.)
ckasu [cas] x1 ridicules/mocks/scoffs at x2
about x3 (property/event) by doing activity x4
(event). (See also cmila.)
ckeji [kej cke] x1 feels
ashamed/mortified/humiliated under conditions x2 before community/audience x3. (See also
cinmo.)
ckiipyris Albania. (Cf. ropno, gugde.)
ckiku [kik] x1 is a key fitting/releasing/opening/unlocking lock x2,
and having relevant properties x3. (Also x2
fastener, mechanism; code key (= termifckiku,
kiktermifra); x3 is dependent on the type of key,
but are those form properties of the key that
enable it to serve the function of opening the
lock - in the case of a metal key to a padlock, for
example, this would be the shaft and teeth. See
also stela.)
ckilus x1 is Libra [astronomical constellation/astrological sign]. (The symbol for Libra is
the Scales. Since babylonian times, Libra has been
represented intrinsically with law, fairness and civility, as the scales were commonplace in the livelihood of the people, throughout the ages.)
ckilu [ci’u] x1 (si’o) is a scale of units
for measuring/observing/determining x2 (state).
(See also cmavo list ci’u, gradu, merli, cimde,
manri.)
ckini [ki’i] x1 is related to/associated
with/akin to x2 by relationship x3. (See also
cmavo list ki’i, ponse, srana, steci, mapti, sarxe,
fange.)
ckiptare x1 is Albanian (Balkan) in aspect x2.
(Cf. ckiipyris, ropno.)
ckire [kir] x1 is grateful/thankful
to/appreciative of x2 for x3 (event/property).
(Also gratitude (= nunckire or kamckire). See also
cinmo, friti, pluka.)
ckopalku p1 is a diaper (absorbent garment) of
material p2. (Cf. cifnu, mikce.)
ckukajna k1 is a bookshelf attached to k2. (Cf.
cukta, kajna, sorcu, ckusro.)
ckuke’u x1 is the x3’rd edition of
book/publication x2 about subject/theme/story
x4 by author x5 for audience x6 preserved in
medium x7 . (Cf. ckupra.)

ckule [kul cu’e] x1 is
school/institute/academy at x2 teaching subject(s) x3 to audien./commun. x4 operated by
x5. (Also college, university. See also cilre, ctuca,
tadni.)
ckunu [ku’u] x1 is a conifer/pine/fir of
species/strain x2 with cones x3. (See also tricu.)
ckupaupau x1 is a part of x2, which is a part of
a book . x1 is a part of chapter x2 (x2 is the name
of the chapter, not the book. Cf. ckupau.)
ckupau p1 is a chapter of book c1 = p2. (Indices,
appendices and forwards are also ckupau. Cf. ckupaupau.)
ckupra cup1 publishes cup2 = cuk1 by process
cup3. (Cf. terkarni.)
ckusro s1 is a library of books c1 = s2. (Cf. ckuzai.)
ckuzai z1 is a bookshop selling books z2 = c1,
operated by z3. (Cf. ckusro.)
ckuzdacre c1 is a librarian by standard c3. (Cf.
ckusro, ckuzai, ckuzda.)
ckuzdaske s1 is library science with methodology s3. (Cf. ckuzdaske, ckuzda, ckusro, ckuzai.)
clabajykla k1 = b1 runs a marathon/long distance to destination k2 from origin k3 via route k4.
clacelxa’i x1 = ce1 = cl1 is a rifle for use against
x2 by x3, launching projectile c2 propelled by c3.
28clugau cmalu
(Cf. clani, cecla, xarci, xumjimcelxa’i, mi’ircelxa’i,
celgunta. )
cladakyxa’i x1 = d1 = c1 is a sword / long knife
weapon for use against x2 = d2 by x3 with blade of
material d3 long by standard c3. (Cf. clani, dakfu,
xarci, baldakyxa’i.)
cladu [lau] x1 is loud/noisy at observation
point x2 by standard x3. (See also savru.)
clakarce k1 = c1 is a limousine for k2, propelled
by k3. (Cf. clani, karce, marce.)
clamau z1 is longer/taller than z2 in direction c2
by margin z4. (Cf. bramau, clame’a.)
clame’a m1 is shorter than m2 in direction c2 by
margin m4. (Cf. clamau.)
clanebda’u d1 = cl1 = cn2 is a giraffe of
species/variety d2. (Cf. clani, cnebo, danlu,
mabru, friko.)
clani [cla] x1 is long in dimension/direction
x2 (default longest dimension) by measurement
standard x3. (See also slabu, condi, ganra, rotsu,
tordu, barda, ganra, gutci, minli, rotsu.)
clapezli p1 is a leaf of p2, long by standard c3.
clapre p1 is a tall person, by measurement standard c3. (Cf. claselxadni, torpre, brabracrida.)
claselxadni xa2 = c1 is tall in stature by measurement standard c3. (Cf. clani, xadni, clapre,
brabracrida. Refers specifically to a body.)
clatei t1 is a long
time/duration/interval/period/elapsed time
from time/event t2 to time/event t3. (Cf. tortei,
cedra.)
claxu [cau] x1 is without/lacking/free
of/lacks x2; x1 is x2-less. (See also cmavo list cau,
cirko, kunti, nitcu, pindi, banzu.)
clazme g1 is a cucumber of cultivar g2. (Cf.
clani, guzme, tityzme, guzmrkukurbita.)
clika x1 is a moss/lichen of species/strain x2
growing on x3; (adjective:) x1 is mossy. (See also
mledi.)
clinoi n1 = c4 is an instructional message about
n2 = c3 with contents c2 intended for audience
n4 = c1.
clira [lir] x1 (event) is early by standard x2.
(See also lerci.)
clite [lit] x1 is polite/courteous/civil in matter x2 according to standard/custom x3. (Also formal, ritual. See also ritli.)
cliva [liv li’a] x1 leaves/goes
away/departs/parts/separates from x2 via
route x3. (Also: x1 leaves behind/takes leave of
x2. See also litru, canci, vimcu, lebna, muvdu.)
clugau g1 (agent) fills c1 with c2. (Cf. culno,
gasnu, tisna.)
clupa [cup] x1 is a loop/circuit of x2 [material]. (Also noose (= skoclupa, saljgeclupa; there
is no indication of shape, but merely that the ends
join/meet); closed curve defined by set of points
(= cuptai). See also djine.)
cmabatci b1 nibbles b2 at locus b3 with b4. (Cf.
cmalu, batci.)
cmabi’o b1 = c1 decreases in size/becomes
small to b2 under conditions b3. (Cf. cmalu, binxo,
cmaze’a, brabi’o.)
cmacai ca1 = cm1 is
tiny/miniature/diminutive/very small in property ca2 = cm2 to observer ca3 = cm3. (Cf. cmalu,
carmi, cmacma, ruble, toltce; antonym: caibra. )
cmaci x1 is a mathematics of type/describing
x2. (See also mekso.)
cmacku cu1 is a booklet/brochure about cu2,
written by cu3 for intended audience cu4 in
medium cu5=cm1. (Cf. cukta, papri, karni.)
cmacma c1 is tiny/miniature/diminutive/very
small in property c2 with criterion c3. (Cf. cmalu,
cmalu, cmacai, ruble, toltce; antonyms: brabra,
tcebra. )
cmacnrekursi x1 is a recursive function with arguments x2
cmactatci t1 is a microscope used by t2 = ca1
for looking at small things t2 = ca2 = cm1 which
are small in property/dimension(s) cm2 (ka) as
compared with standard/norm cm3. (Cf. cmalu,
catlu, tutci, le’otci, darvistci.)
cmafi’a f1=c1 is a short story about
plot/theme/subject c2 by author c3. (Cf. cmalu,
cfika, lisri, cukta, brafi’a.)
cmajamblo b1 = c1 is a destroyer of
type/carrying b2, propelled by b3. (Cf. cmalu,
jamna, bloti, ni’ablo, brabrajamblo, brajamblo,
badjamblo, vijblo.)
cmajdikygau g1 causes j1 = c1 to decrease in
the smallness of property/dimension c2 (ka) by
amount j3. (Cf. cmalu, jdika, gasnu, brazengau.)
cmalinsi l1 is a mountain chain consisting of
mountains c1 projecting from landmass c2. (Cf.
linsi, cmana.)
cmalu [cma] x1 is small in property/dimension(s) x2 (ka) as compared with
29cmatcetce cmeveigau
standard/norm x3. (See also caxno, cinla, jarki,
tordu, barda.)
cmama’a cman1 = cman1is a hill in terrain
cman2, small by standard cmal3. (Cf. derxi,
cmatcema’a, mantyzda.)
cmamau z1 is smaller than z2 in dimension c2
by margin z4. (Cf. cmalu, zmadu, brame’a, cmarai,
mecycmarai, cmame’a, )
cmame’a m1 is bigger/[less small] than m2 in
dimension c2 by margin m4. (Cf. cmalu, mleca,
bramau, cmarai, cmamau, mecycmarai.
)
cmamudyspi s1 = m1 = c1 is a woodchip/splinter of wood type m2, small as compared
with standard/norm c3. (Cf. tricu, mudypu’o.)
cmananba n1 is a roll/bun/biscuit/bun made
from grains n2.
cmana [ma’a] x1 is a mountain/hill/mound/[rise]/[peak]/[summit]/[highlands]
projecting from land mass x2. (See also punli,
derxi.)
cmaplini p1 is an asteroid revolving around p2
with planetary characteristics p3, orbital parameters p4. (Cf. solri, terdi, lunra, mluni, bisycmaplini,
rokcmaplini, plinycma, jdikyplini.)
cmarai t1 = c1 is the smallest among set/range
t4 in property/dimension c2(ka). (Cf. cmalu, traji,
cmamau, mecycmarai, cmame’a, mecybrarai.
)
cmari’e r1 is a creek/stream in land mass r2,
draining watershed r3 into r4/terminating at r4.
(Cf. cmalu, rirxe.)
cmaro’i c1 = r1 is a small rock of type r2 from
location r3, small by standard c3. c1 is gravel. (Cf.
derxi, canre.)
cmastani c1 = s1 is a/the sprout/shoot of
plant/species s2 by standard/norm c3. (Cf. stani,
cmalu, stanycma.)
cmatca x1 is a village in administrative area x3
serving hinterland x4 small by standard x5. (Cf.
cmalu, tcadu, sosyzda, jarbu.)
cmatcema’a cman1 = cmal1 is a
hillock/mound/rise/knoll in terrain cman2,
small by standard cmal3. (Cf. cmalu, mutce,
cmana, cmama’a.)
cmatceri’e r1 = cmal1 is a rivulet on surface/terrain r2 draining r3 terminating at r4 small
by standard cmal3. (Cf. cmalu, mutce, rirxe,
cmari’e.)
cmatcetce m1 = c1 is
tiny/miniscule/diminutive in property/dimension(s) c2 (ka) as compared with
standard/norm c3. (Cf. cmalu, mutce.)
cmato’a t1 is a tone low in pitch/frequency
from source t3. (Cf. cmalu, tonga, smaji, lauble.)
cmatricu t1 is a brush/bushy vegetation of
species/type t2. (Cf. cicyspafoi, tricu, dzitricu,
demspa.)
cmavo [ma’o] x1 is a structure word of grammatical class x2, with meaning/function x3 in usage (language) x4. (x4 may be a specific usage
(with an embedded language place) or a massified
language description; x3 and x4 may be merely
an example of cmavo usage or refer to an actual
expression; cmavo list, if physical object (= (loi)
ma’oste); referring to the mental construct (e.g.
propose adding a new cmavo to the cmavo list
= ma’orpoi, ma’orselcmi, ma’orselste). See also
gismu, lujvo, gerna, smuni, valsi.)
cmaxi’a xi1 = c1 is a pony of species/breed xi2.
(Cf. xasli, sufti.)
cmazda z1 is a hut of/for z1, small as compared
with standard/norm c3. (Cf. nolzda, si’erdi’u.)
cmaze’a z1 = c1 shrinks/decreases in property
c2 (ka) by amount z3. (Cf. cmalu, zenba, cmabi’o,
braze’a, tolba’o.)
cmazengau g1 causes z1 = c1 to decrease in
property/dimension b2 (ka) by amount z3. (Cf.
cmalu, zenba, gasnu, brajdikygau.)
cmebasti b1 is a pseudonym/pronoun, replacing real name b2 = c1 of x3 = c2 in circumstance
x4 = b3. (Cf. basme’e.)
cmeclax Nameless. (Anonymous remailer software)
cmene [cme me’e] x1 (quoted word(s))
is a/the name/title/tag of x2 to/used-by
namer/name-user x3 (person). (Also: x2 is
called x1 by x3 (= selcme for reordered places).
See also cmavo list me’e, gismu, tcita, valsi, judri.)
cmesanji s1 identifies s2 = c2 by name c1 usedby namer/name-user c3 (person). (Cf. cmetcita.)
cmeste l1 is an onomasticon of names l2 = c1 in
order l3 in medium l4. (Cf. vlaste.)
cmetcita t1 is a name tag/nameplate of t2 = c2
showing text c1.
cmeveigau g1 = v3 registers c2 with user-name
c1 on system/application c3. (Cf. cmene, vreji,
gasnu, cmiveigau, cmisau, plivei, plicme, japyvla.)
30cnebo cnise’i
cmevla x1 is a morphologically defined name
word meaning x2 in language x3. (In Lojban, such
words are characterized by ending with a consonant. Examples: lojban, jegvon, camgusmis.)
cmibi’o b1 = c1 becomes a member of group
b2 = c2 under conditions b3. (Cf. cmima, binxo,
kamni.)
cmicu’akrali k1 is suffrage entitled to k2 = cu1
by standard k3. (It is a civil right, selcemkrali. Cf.
cmicu’a.)
cmicu’a cm1 = cu1 votes for cu2 among choices
cu3 in voting group cm2. (Applies to any election,
not just public ones. Cf. turni.)
cmigau g1 puts together c1 into group c2. (Cf.
cmima, girzu, jmaji, gunma.)
cmila [mi’a] x1 laughs (emotional expression). (x1 laughs at x2 (= mi’afra). See also ckasu,
frumu, xajmi, cisma.)
cmima [mim cmi] x1 is a member/element
of set x2; x1 belongs to group x2; x1 is
amid/among/amongst group x2. (x1 may be a
complete or incomplete list of members; x2 is normally marked by la’i/le’i/lo’i, defining the set in
terms of its common property(ies), though it may
be a complete enumeration of the membership.
See also ciste, porsi, jbini, girzu, gunma, klesi,
cmavo list mei, kampu, lanzu, liste.)
cmisau s1 = c1 is logged into system/application s2 = c2. (Cf. cmima, slabu,
cmeveigau, plivei, plicme, japyvla.)
cmiveigau g1 = v3 registers c1 as a member of
c2, registration preserved in medium x3 = v4. (Cf.
cmima, vreji, gasnu, cmeveigau, cmisau, plivei.)
cmizu’e z1 = c1 participates in employing
means/taking action z2 for purpose/goal z3.
cmoni [cmo co’i] x1 utters
moan/groan/howl/scream [non-linguistic utterance] x2 expressing x3 (property). (Also shriek,
most animal sounds, e.g. bark, cackle, meow,
neigh, moo, honk, baa, crow. See also krixa, bacru,
cusku, cortu.)
cmuxu’i x1 is an element of kind x2 with purity
x3. (Cf. xumsle, ratni, jinme, trano, cidro, navni.)
cnadakfu d1 = c1 is a chisel for carving d2 = c2
with blade of material d3. (Cf. rokci, mudri, jinme,
tarmi, blixra, larcu, mruli.)
cnano [na’o] x1 [value] is a norm/average in
property/amount x2 (ka/ni) among x3(s) (set) by
standard x4. (Also mean, normal, usual; (x3 speci-
fies the complete set). See also tcaci, fadni, kampu,
lakne, tarti, rirci.)
cnebo [neb ne’o] x1 is a/the neck [bodypart] of x2; [metaphor: a relatively narrow point].
(See also galxe, cutne.)

cnemu [nem ne’u] x1 (agent) rewards x2 [recipient] for atypical x3 (event/property) with reward/desserts x4. (Differs from earned payment
because of atypical nature; rewards need not be
positive but are in some sense deserved from the
point of view of the rewarder: positive reward
(= zanyne’u), punishment, penalty, demerit (=
malne’u, sfane’u); x4 may be a specific object, a
commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumtiraising from ownership of the object/commodity
(= posne’u, posyvelne’u for unambiguous semantics). See also dunda, friti, jerna, jinga, jivna, pleji,
sfasa, venfu, prali, dapma.)
cneparbi x1 is the derivative of x2 with respect
to x3. (Cf. sa’o, cmaci.)
cnici [nic] x1 is orderly/neat/ordered in
property/quantity x2 (ka/ni). (See also cunso,
kalsa.)
cnicro co1 = ci1 hurts emotionally due to ci3.
(Cf. cortu, cinmo, cnixai, jgicro, badri, ckeji.)
cnida’o d1 = c1 is far/distant from d2 in feeling
d3 = c2.
cnija’o j1 = c1 shows emotion j2 = c2 (ka)
about c3 to audience j3. (Cf. badri, gleki.)
cnijicla j1 = c3 excites j2 = c1. (Cf. tercni.)
cnikansa x1 empathizes with x2 in feeling x3.
(Cf. cinmo, kansa, dai, uu, ga’i, tolcumla.)
cnima’o v1 is an attitudinal meaning v2 = c1 in
language v3.
cnino [nin ni’o] x1 is
new/unfamiliar/novel to observer x2 in feature x3 (ka) by standard x4; x1 is a novelty. (See
also nuzba, slabu, citno, se djuno.)
cnirango r1 is the sense/feeling in c1 of emotion
c2 about c3. (Cf. cinmo, rango.)
cniri’a x1 = r1 (event) moves/touches x2 = c1
(person), causing emotion x3 = c2 about object of
emotion x4 = c3 with causation conditions x5 =
r3; x1 = r1 (event) is moving/touching. (Cf. cnicro.)
cnisa [nis] x1 is a quantity of/contains/is
made of lead (Pb); [metaphor: heavy, malleable,
soft metal]. (See also jinme, tinci.)
cnise’i s1 is the heart (emotional self) of s2 = c1.
31cpacu cpinytsapi
cnita [nit ni’a] x1 is directly/vertically beneath/below/under/underneath/down from x2
in frame of reference x3. (Also underside, nether.
See also dizlo, gapru, galtu, farna, loldi.)
cnitcini t1 = c2 is the mood experienced by t2 =
c1 about c3. (Cf. selcni, tcini.)
cniva’u v1 sighs due to emotion c2 (ka) about c3
breathing/respiring v2. (Cf. cinmo, vasxu, cmoni,
sipfru.)
cnixai xr1 offends xr2 = c1 affecting emotion c2
(ka) about c3 resulting in xr4 (state). (Cf. cinmo,
xrani, cnicro, jgicro.)
co’acfa x1 = cf1 [state/event/process] commences/initiates/starts/begins to occur from its
natural start; (intransitive verb). (See co’a cfari. x1
starts from the very beginning. Also in the sense
of ’starting anew’ or ’starting from scratch’.)
co’asku c1 (agent) starts to express/say c2
(sedu’u/text/lu’e concept) for audience c3 via expressive medium c4. (Cf. co’a, cusku.)
co’a [co’a] [ZAhO] interval event contour:
at the starting point of ...; initiative ¿―¡ ―.
co’e [com co’e] [GOhA] elliptical/unspecified bridi relationship.
co’i [ZAhO] interval event contour: at the instantaneous point of ...; achievative; point event
¿―¡.
co’o [COI] vocative: partings/good-bye.
co’urdu’u d1 is relieved from stress/discomfort
d2 (Cf. surla, kufra, snura, gleki.)
co’u [co’u] [ZAhO] interval event contour:
at the ending point of ... even if not done; cessative
― ¿¡ ―.
coico’o [COI*] vocative: greetings in passing.
coi [COI] vocative: greetings/hello.
cokcu [cko] x1 soaks up/absorbs/sucks up
x2 from x3 into x4; x1 is an absorbant. (See also
panje, sakci, lacpu.)
condi [con cno coi] x1 is deep in extent in
direction/property x2 away from reference point
x3 by standard x4. (See also clani, caxno, bargu,
ganra, rotsu, barda, gutci, minli.)
corgau g1 (agent) hurts/causes pain for c1 at locus c2. (Cf. cortu, gasnu, crogau, crori’a, cnixai.)
cortu [cor cro] x1 hurts/feels pain/hurt at
locus x2. (See also cinmo, xrani.)
co [col] [CO] tanru inversion operator; ”...
of type ...”; allows modifier trailing sumti without
sumti links.
cpacu [cpa] x1
gets/procures/acquires/obtains/accepts x2
from source x3 [previous possessor not implied].
(Also fetch; accept a gift (= seldu’acpa). See also
punji, lebna, vimcu.)
cpana x1 is upon/atop/resting on/lying on
[the upper surface of] x2 in frame of reference/gravity x3. ((x1 may be object or event); See
also se vasru, jbini, zvati, nenri, vreta, ckana, diklo,
jibni, lamji, zutse, punji for lay upon, sarji, zbepi.)
cpanygau g1 causes c1 to [rest on]/[be on top
of]/[lie on] c2 in frame of reference c3. (Cf. cpana,
gasnu.)
cpanygle g1 = c1 rides/mounts/has sexual intercourse on top of g2 = c2, in frame of reference/gravity c3. (Cf. glepe’o, gaxygle.)
cpapro f1 = c1 refuses f2 = c2 from c3. (Cf.
fapro.)
cpare [par] x1
climbs/clambers/creeps/crawls on surface
x2 in direction x3 using x4 [limbs/tools]. (See also
klama, litru, bajra, farlu, plipe.)
cpazau z1 = c1 approves the receipt of c2 from
c3. (Cf. cpacu, zanru, fitytu’i, radji’i, zarcpa.)
cpedu [cpe] x1 requests/asks/petitions/solicits for x2 of/from
x3 in manner/form x4. (Also demand (= mi’ecpe);
x4 is a means of expression See also ve cusku.: a
request may be indicated in speech, in writing, or
by an action (e.g. petitions are often in writing,
while begging/panhandling may be indicated by
an action or even demeanor). (cf. pikci, te preti, te
frati, se spuda, danfu))
cpesku cu1 = cp1 pleas/[expresses request] cu2
(sedu’u/text/lu’e concept) to cu3 = cp3 via expressive medium cu4. (Cf. cpedu, cusku.)
cpetinbe x1 complies with/accedes to request
x2 made by x3. (Cf. cpezu’e, cperanda, vi’o.)
cpezu’e x1 complies with request x2 from x3.
(Cf. cpedu, zukte, vi’o, cpetinbe.)
cpicinfo x1 is a gryphon/griffin/griffon. (Cf.
cipni, cinfo, cizda’u. )
cpina x1 is pungent/piquant/peppery/spicy/irritating to sense
x2. (Also prickly (= pecycpina). See also vrusi,
kukte, cidja, panci, sumne.)
cpinyspa s1 is a sense-irritating plant/thistle of
species x2. (Cf. spati, cpina.)
cpinytsapi t1 = c1 is a hot/pungent spice
causing flavor/effect t2 (event/property). (Cf.
32cretro crujva
tsaprpiperi, kapsiku, armoraki, cidja, kukte,
cortu.)
cpizda z1 is a nest of bird z2=c1 of
genus/species/etc. c2. (Cf. kolmba, sovda.)
cpumi’i l1 = m1 is a tractor pulling l2. (Cf.
cpumuvgau, trene, karce, pulni.)
cpumuvgau g1 = l1 pulls m1 = l2 to destination m2 from origin m3 over path/route m4 at handle/locus l3. (Cf. catke, bevri, jgari, cpumi’i, trene,
pulni.)
cradi x1 broadcasts/transmits [using radio
waves] x2 via station/frequency x3 to [radio] receiver x4. (Also x1 is a broadcaster. See also tivni,
benji, tcana.)
cradyvelcradi c1 is a radio transceiver transmitting/receiving c2 on frequency c3 to/from
transceiver c4. (The x3 place may specify more
than one frequency, for instance in cases where different frequencies are used for transmission and
receipt. Cf. veltivni.)
crakla k1 = c1 advances to k2 from k3 = c2 via
k4 using means/vehicle k5. (Cf. klama, crane.)
craku’a k1 is an anteroom of/in structure k2
surrounded by partitions/walls/ceiling/floor k3
(mass/jo’u). (Cf. balku’a.)
crale’u l1 is an initial letter in
alphabet/character-set l2 representing l3.
crane [cra] x1 is anterior/ahead/forward/(in/on) the front of x2
which faces/in-frame-of-reference x3. (Also: x3 is
the standard of orientation for x2. See also sefta,
flira, trixe, mlana, pritu, zunle.)
cravro v1 = c1 is a front door/gateway/access
between v2 and v3 of structure v4. (Cf. ti’evro.)
craxra p1 is the front-cover picture/image/illustration showing p2 made by
artist p3. (Cf. crane, pixra.)
crebi’o c1 = b1 becomes expert at c2 = b2 under
conditions b3 by standard c3. (Coined because cilre
makes it hard to talk about just learning about a
subject. Cf. ckule, saske, ctuca.)
crejibri j1 = c2 is a profession (job) of person
j2 = c1. (Especially a job requiring a high level of
skill or training. Cf. jibri, gunka, certu.)
creka [cek] x1 is a shirt/blouse/top [upperbody garment - not necessarily sleeved or buttoned], material x2. (See also taxfu.)
crepu [rep] x1 (agent) harvests/reaps/gathers crop/product/objects x2
from source/area x3. (See also critu, sombo,
jmaji.)
cretro j1 = c1 skillfully handles j2 = c2 in event
j3.
crexalbo c1 = xa1 is a geek/nerd of field c2 =
xa2 (event/activity) by standard c3.
crezenzu’e x1 practices/exercises/drills/trains
in/for action/event/performance x2. (Cf.
rapcreze’a, xadyplijvi.)
cribe [rib] x1 is a bear/ursoid of
species/breed x2. (See also danlu, mabru.)
cribyjba x1 is bearberry of species/variety x2.
crida [rid] x1 is a
fairy/elf/gnome/brownie/pixie/goblin/kobold
[mythical humanoid] of mythos/religion x2. (Also
orc, giant, demon or devil (when humanoid-form
is presumed by the mythos/religion), bugbear, bogeyman. (cf. ranmi, especially for non-humanoid
creatures of myth, lijda))
cridyske s1 (mass of facts) is the science
of fairies/elves/pixies [mythical humanoid] of
mythos/religion c2 based on methodology s3. (Cf.
crida, saske, ranmi.)
crino [ri’o] x1 is green/verdant [color adjective]. (See also skari, blabi, xekri, kandi, carmi, cicna.)
cripu [rip] x1 is a bridge/span over/across
x2 between x3 and x4 [unordered, typically destination first]. (See also bargu, kruca, ragve, kuspe.)
crisa [cis] x1 is summer/summertime [hot
season] of year x2 at location x3. (See also citsi,
critu, dunra, vensa.)
critu x1 is autumn/fall [harvest/cooling season] of year x2 at location x3. (See also citsi, crisa,
dunra, vensa, crepu.)
crogau g1 (agent) hurts/causes pain for c1 at locus c2. (Cf. cortu, gasnu, corgau, crori’a, cnixai.)
crogle g1 practices sadomasochism with g2 = c1
with pain at locus c2. (Cf. bikla, laktergu’i, darxi,
tunta, pinfu, katna, jesni.)
crori’a r1 (event/state) hurts/causes pain for
x2 = c1 at locus x3 = c2. (Cf. cpina, crotsapi,
crovu’i, xrani.)
crotsapi t1 is hot spice. (Cf. cpina.)
crovu’i v1 is a hot/spicy taste/flavor of/emitted
by v2. (Cf. crotsapi, cpina.)

crujva x1 = j1 = c1 is a rule permitting/allowing x2 = j2 = c2 (event/state) within
system/community x3 = j3 under conditions
33ctile ctunoi
x4 = c3 (The use of c1 there is perhaps a bit iffy;
the point here is that it’s non-agentive.)
crutcini t1 is a situation / condition / state /
position that allows / is sufficient for event c2 = t2
under conditions c3. (As the whole point of this
word is to ignore the agentive nature of c1, c1 has
been dropped. Cf. curmi, tcini, rau, banzu.)
cruvei v1 is a permit allowing c2 (event) under
conditions c3, preserved in medium v4. (Cf. jaspu,
e’a.)
ctakamni k1 = c1 is the audit committee
of k3. (Cf. catlu, kamni, trukamni, trokamni,
gazykamni.)
ctaru x1 is a tide [cyclical/periodic expansion]
in x2 caused by x3. (See also xamsi.)
ctebi [teb] x1 is a/the lip [body-part]/rim of
orifice x2 of body x3; (adjective:) x1 is labial. (See
also moklu, korbi, cinba.)
ctecmocpi x1 is a nightjar/goatsucker/whippoorwill of genus/species
x2. (Cf. ctesa’acpi, rasycpi.)
ctecpi c1 is an owl of species c2. (Cf. cipni,
nicte.)
ctejau d1 is dew.
cteki [tek ce’i] x1 is a tax/levy/duty on
goods/services/event x2 levied against x3 by authority/collector x4. (Also custom, toll, tariff, tribute. See also pleji, flalu, turni.)
ctemanku m1 is dark of night of day n2 at location n3.
ctemidju m1 is the midnight of n2 at location n3.
(Cf. nicte, midju, dormidju.)
ctesa’acpi x1 is a nightingale of species/variety
x2. (Cf. sfanykavycpi, ctecmocpi.)
ctesai s1 is a supper composed of dishes including s2. (Cf. vacysai, dormijysai, cersai, cidja,
citka.)
cticinza cin1 is a/are chopstick(s) for eating
cit2. (Cf. jungo, ponjo.)
cticpe cp1 orders food ci2 for cp2 from cp3 in
manner/form cp4. (Cf. cidja, gusta, barjyse’u,
beipre, djabei, djabeipre.)
ctidakfu d1 is a table knife for cutting food d2 =
c2, with blade of material d3. (Cf. forca, smuci,
palta.)
ctigau g1 feeds c1 with food c2. (Cf. citka, cidja,
kurji, gusta.)
ctiku’a k1 is a dining room in structure k2
surrounded by partitions/walls/ceiling/floor k3
(mass/jo’u). (Cf. ckaku’a.)
ctile x1 is a quantity of petroleum/oil from
source x2. (See also grasu.)
ctilytergu’i x1 is an oil lamp using petroleumbased products, illuminating x2 with light x1.
(Cf. ctile, gusni, laktergu’i, fagytergu’i, dictergu’i,
rastergu’i.)
ctilyvau v1 is a fuel tank. (Cf. karce, matra.)
ctino [ti’o] x1 is a shadow/the shade of object x2, made by light/energy source x3. (See also
manku, gusni.)
ctipla p1 sets up diet p2 for c1 consisting of food
c2. (Cf. xadyplijvi, ctinei.)
ctiru’egau g1 digests food p2 = c2 with
output p3 passing through stage p4 of person/animal/plant c1. (Cf. ctiru’e, befru’e,
djarunta, djaruntygau, djaruntyrango, xelbefru’e.)
ctiru’e p1 is the digestion of food p2 = c2
with output p3 passing through stage p4 of person/animal/plant c1. (Cf. ctiru’egau, befru’e,
djarunta, djaruntygau, djaruntyrango, xelbefru’e.)
ctisla s1 celebrates s2 with a banquet/feast. (Cf.
specfari’i, jbedetnunsla, balsai, nuncti.)
ctitci t1 is cutlery for eating c2. (Cf. ctidakfu,
forca, smuci, palta.)
ctona’a x1 is x2 centuries in duration by standard x3. (The default x2 is 1; Cf. xecto, nanca,
cedra.)
ctuca [ctu] x1 teaches audience x2
ideas/methods/lore x3 (du’u) about subject(s) x4
by method x5 (event). (Also instruct, instructor,
educate, educator, teacher, professor, pedagogue;
(adjective:) x1/x5 is pedagogical. See also ckule,
cilre, tadni.)
ctuci’e ci1 is an education system interrelated
by administrative policies ci2 among institutions
ci3 = ct1 displaying quality ci4. (Cf. ctuca, cilre,
tadni, ckule, balcu’e, ma’urcu’e.)
ctucku cu1 = ct1 is a textbook for teaching
ideas/methods ct3 (du’u), by author cu3 for audience cu4 = ct2 about subject(s) ct4 by method ct5,
preserved in medium cu5. (Cf. clinoi, ckule.)
ctufau f1 is a lesson by c1 for teaching audience c2 ideas/methods/lore c3 (du’u) about subject(s) c4 by method c5 (event). (Cf. ckule, balcu’e,
ctucku.)
ctunoi n1 are instructions by c1 teaching audience c2 ideas/methods/lore c3 (du’u) about subject(s) c4 by method c5 (event). (Cf. ctufau, ctucku,
cilre.)
34cukmirvelvei cumymu’efi’a
ctununta’a n1 = c5 is a lecture / an event of verbal teaching by t1 = c1 to audience t2 = c2 about
subject t3 = c4 in language t4 with facts taught c3.
(Cf. ctuca, nu, tavla, ckule, cilre.)
cu’acmi cm1 = cu1 is a member of electorate cm2, which votes/selects cu2 [choice] from
set/sequence of alternatives cu3. (Gismu deep
structure is ”cuxna gi’e cmima”; Cf. turni, cmicu’a,
gubycu’a, jecta.)
cu’arkubli k1 = c1 is a gaming die, with sides
k3 = c3, with side c2 facing up and having dimensions k2. (Cf. kelkubli.)
cu’a [VUhU3] unary mathematical operator:
absolute value/norm ―a―.
cu’e [CUhE] tense/modal question.
cu’i [CAI] attitudinal: neutral scalar attitude
modifier.
cu’o [MOI] convert number to probability selbri; event x1 has probability (n) of occurring under
cond. x2.
cu’u ko’a [BAI*] tagged sumti: can be used for
embedded: it-1 said, ”...”, with editorial unquote
and insert.
cu’upre p1 is a businessman/business woman
involved in business c1. (Cf. cuntu, prenu, kagni,
briju, banxa.)
cu’u [BAI] cusku modal, 1st place (attribution/quotation) as said by source ...; used for quotation.
cucma’e m1 is a skate carrying m2 on surface/medium m3. (Cf. carcycutci, bisli, xislu,
cucyxelkla, xilcutci, xilcucli’u.)
cucti’e t1 is the heel of shoe t2 = c1 for covering/protecting feet c2, and of material c3. (Cf.
jmati’e, cucni’a.)
cucycau cl1 is barefoot/not wearing shoes. (Cf.
smoka, karcutci, tupcutci.)
cucyxelkla x1 = k5 is a roller skate to destination k2 from origin k3 via route k4, transporting
x5 = k1. (Cf. carcycutci, xilcucli’u.)
cukla [cuk] x1 is round/circular
[2-dimensional shape/form]; x1 is a
disk/circle/ring. (Normally used for a filledin circle/disk, but emphasis on roundness means
that the concept may include ’ring’. See also djine,
ranji, bolci, tarmi.)
cukli’u l1 goes/moves around/[in a circle] using means l3. (Cf. cukla, litru.)
cukmakyvelvei v4 = m1 = c1 is a computer disk/hard disk/floppy disk storing v2
(data/facts/du’u) about v3 (object/event) in file(s)
v1. (Cf. vreji, datni, skami, makyvelvei, srimakyvelvei, cukmirvelvei.)
cukmirvelvei v4 = m1 = c1 is a compact disc/optical disc storing v2 (data/facts/du’u)
about v3 (object/event) in file(s) v1. (Cf. vreji,
datni, skami, cukmakyvelvei, cukyku’ovelvei, srimakyvelvei.)
cukmu’o m1 = c1 (object) is completely
round/full. (Cf. mluni, lunra, nicte.)
cukrerkavjvi j1 plays ultimate frisbee against j2
in competition j3 for prize/title j4. (See also cukla,
renro, kavbu, jivna.)
cuktai t1 = c1 is a circle. (Cf. cukmirvelvei.)
cukta [cku] x1 is a book containing work x2
by author x3 for audience x4 preserved in medium
x5. ([x1 is a manifestation/container A physical
object or its analogue. of a work/content, not necessarily using paper (= selpapri)]; See also cfika,
prina, prosa, tcidu, papri.)
cukygu’ivelvei v4 = g2 = c1 is a compact disc/optical disc storing v2 (data/facts/du’u)
about v3 (object/event) in file(s) v1. (Cf. cukmirvelvei, vreji, datni, skami, cukmakyvelvei,
cukyku’ovelvei, srimakyvelvei.)
cukyku’ovelvei v4 is a gramophone record of
v2. (Cf. cukmirvelvei, zgike, sance, snaveitci, srimakyvelvei.)
cukyxratci x1 is a compass for drawing circles
x2. (Cf. makfartci, caltaicmaci.)
culcpe cp1 humbly asks for/implores cp2 from
cp3 in manner/form cp4. (Cf. pikci, tolcumla.)
culno [clu] x1 is full/completely filled with
x2. (See also tisna, kunti, mulno, setca, tisna.)
cumki [cum cu’i] x1 (event/state/property)
is possible under conditions x2; x1 may/might occur; x1 is a maybe. (Also possibility. See also
lakne.)
cumla [cul] x1 is humble/modest about x2
(abstraction); x1 displays humility about x2. (See
also cinmo, jgira.)
cumnunve’u n1 is a sales lead/opportunity for
v1 to sell v2 to v3 for amount v4. (Cf. cumki, nu,
vecnu, vencu’u, velventerzu’e.)
cumselpei x1 = p2 = c1 (subject/concept) is
conceivable under conditions c2. (Cf. xanri, lojycpa.)
cumymu’efi’a cf1 is science fiction about possible universe cu1 = m1 by author cf3. (Cf. skefi’a,
mi’irlarfi’a.)
35cusku’i cy
cundinkei k1 gambles/plays the lottery k2.
(Gambling/lottery = nuncundinkei.)
cunfaigau g1 shuffles/randomly distributes/cuts x2 = f1 among x3 = f2 with
shares/portions x4 = f3. (Cf. cunfai, karda, kelci.)
cunfai f1 is shuffled/randomly distributed/cut
among f2 with shares/portions f3. (Cf. cunfaigau,
karda, kelci.)
cunmi x1 is a quantity of millet [grain] of
species/strain x2. (See also gurni.)
cunpe’i p1 bumps into/randomly encounters p2
at/in location p3.
cunso [cun cu’o] x1 is random/fortuitous/unpredictable under conditions
x2, with probability distribution x3. (Also accidental, chancy, by chance, adventitious, arbitrary
(also = cuncu’a, cunselcu’a, cunjdi, cunseljdi;
based on ”unpredictable”). See also cnici, lakne,
funca, kalsa, snuti.)
cuntu [cu’u] x1 is an affair/organized activity involving person(s) x2 (ind./mass); x1 is x2’s
business. (Also matter, concern; x2 is engaged in
x1 (which is usually an abstraction) (= selcu’u for
reordered places). See also jikca, srana.)
cunyna’u n1 = c1 (li) is a random number
(noun), random under conditions c2, with probability distribution c3. (Cf. cundinkei, cunfaigau,
lakne.)
cupli’u l1 makes a round trip via route l2 using
means/vehicle l3.
cupra [pra] x1 produces x2 [product] by process x3. (See also zbasu, farvi, gundi, jukpa.)
cupypoi p1 = c1 is a circularly ordered sequence
by rule p2 on unordered set p3. (Cf. clupa, porsi.)
curfi’e c1 = f1 is an eel of species/breed c2 = f2.
(Cf. curnu, finpe, xasycurnu.)
curmi [cru] x1 (agent) lets/permits/allows
x2 (event) under conditions x3; x1 grants privilege x2. (Sufficient condition (= crutcini), agent
that permits a situation (= tcinycru). See also rinju,
banzu, ralte, jimte, jaspu, zifre.)
curnu [cur] x1 is a worm/invertebrate animal of species/breed x2. (Also mollusk, snail (=
cakcurnu), shellfish (= xaskemcakcurnu, xaskemcakydja); the generalization to invertebrate is because almost all multicellular invertebrates are indeed wormlike. See also since, silka.)
curve [cuv] x1 is
pure/unadulterated/unmitigated/simple
in property x2 (ka). (x1 is simply/purely/unmitigatedly/solely x2. See also
prane, jinsa, manfo, sampu, sepli, traji, lumci,
xukmi.)
cusku’i x1 edits/revises/adapts text x2 by x3
for audience x4 in medium x5. (Cf. cusku, kurji,
sa’a.)
cusku [cus sku] x1 (agent) expresses/says
x2 (sedu’u/text/lu’e concept) for audience x3 via
expressive medium x4. (Also says. See also
bacru, tavla, casnu, spuda, cmavo list cu’u, bangu,
dapma, jufra, pinka.)
custerzi’e z3 is a condition for free expressive
activity z2 by agent z1 = c1. (Cf. nunzi’e.)
cutci [cuc] x1 is a shoe/boot/sandal for covering/protecting [feet/hooves] x2, and of material
x3. (Also boot (= tupcutci). See also smoka, taxfu,
skiji.)
cutne [cut] x1 is a/the chest/thorax/upper
trunk/[rib cage/breast] [body-part] of x2. (See
also cnebo, betfu, xadni, tanxe.)
cutybo’u b1 is a rib of body b3 = c2. (Cf. cutygreku, cutyti’e.)
cutygreku g1 = c1 is the ribcage of c2. (Cf. cutyti’e, cutybo’u.)
cutyti’e t1 is the upper back [body-part] of c2.
(Cf. cutygreku, cutybo’u, betfu, xadni.)
cuvjumske s1=j1=c1 is bacteriology of bacteria s2 based on methodology s3. (Bacteriology
is the study of bacteria. Because of the similarity of thinking and working with microorganisms
other than bacteria, there has been a tendency for
the field of bacteriology to extend as microbiology
(=jumske). Bacteriology can be classified as a distinct science.)
cuvjurme j1=c1 is an (eu)bacterium of
species/defining property j2. (Bacteria are
a large domain of single-celled, prokaryote
(=pruslemijyji’e) microorganisms. See also jurme,
tceprujurme.)
cuxna [cux cu’a] x1 chooses/selects x2
[choice] from set/sequence of alternatives x3
(complete set). (Also prefer (= nelcu’a). See also
jdice, pajni, nelci.)
cuxselgre p2 = c1 filters p1 = c2 to destination
side p3 from origin side p4. (Cf. julne.)
cu [CU] elidable marker: separates selbri from
preceding sumti, allows preceding terminator elision.
cy [BY2] letteral for c.
36dacti damba
da’acre c1 = d2 is a fighting expert in fighting
against c2 over issue c3 (abstract), expert by standard c3. (Cf. dabytadji.)
da’amoi [MOI*] quantified selbri: converts allbut-(1) to ordinal selbri; x1 is penultimate among
x2 by rule x3.
da’aremoi [MOI*] quantified selbri: converts
all-but-2 to ordinal selbri; x1 is antepenult. among
x2 by rule x3.
da’arsi’u s1 fight [each other] over issue d3 (abstract). (Cf. damba, simxu, simda’a, da’asnu,
dausnu, da’arta’a.)
da’arta’a t1 = d1 quarrels with t2 = d2 about
issue t3 = d3 in language t4. (Cf. damba, tavla,
dausnu, da’arsi’u.)
da’asnu c1 (mass normally, but 1 individual/jo’u possible) argues/quarrels about
topic/subject c2 = d3 with opponent x3 = d2. (Cf.
darlu, casnu, dausnu, da’arsi’u, simda’a.)
da’a [daz] [PA4] digit/number: all except n;
all but n; default 1.
da’e [KOhA2] pro-sumti: remote future utterance; ”He’ll tell you tomorrow. IT will be a
doozy.”.
da’inai [UI*3] discursive: supposing - in fact.
da’i [UI3] discursive: supposing - in fact. (See
also sruma.)
4 da’oi [DOI] attitudinal attribution (Whereas
dai simply marks an attitudinal as applying to
someone other than the speaker, da’oi explicitly
attributes the preceding attitudinal. In particular,
dai is equivalent to da’oi na’e bo mi.)
da’o [DAhO] discursive: cancel pro-sumti/probridi assignments.
da’u [KOhA2] pro-sumti: a remote past utterance; ”She couldn’t have known that IT would be
true.”.
dabycalku c1 is armor around c2 composed of
c3 against opponent x4 = d2. (Cf. gunta, jamna,
danti, jakne, xarci.)
dabysmifau f1 (event) is a wargame, simulating
combat by d1 against d2 over issue d3 (abstract).
(Cf. jamna, bilni.)
dabytadji t1 is a fighting technique / martial art
used under conditions t3 by d1. (t2 subsumed. d2
and d3 not usually relevant to technique. Made
from damba + tadji.)
dacru [dac] x1 is a drawer/file in structure x2,
a [sliding compartment] container for contents x3.
(See also nilce, tanxe.)
dacti [dai] x1 is a material object enduring in
space-time; x1 is a thing. (See also marji, xanri.)
dadgau g1 hangs/suspends d1 from d2 with/by
means d3.
dadjo [daj] x1 pertains to the Taoist culture/ethos/religion in aspect x2. (See also lijda,
jegvo.)
dadne’ota’u t1 is a necktie for wearing by t2 =
c2 serving purpose t3. (Cf. nebysrijge.)
dadycatra c1 hangs/lynches c2 = d1 by hanging
them from/on d2 by means of d3. (x2 is killed by
this action. Use dadgau if x2 is already dead.)
dadycka c1 = d1 is a hammock of material c2
hung from d2. (Cf. daklycka.)
dadysli s1 = d1 is a pendulum oscillating at
rate/frequency s2, suspended from d2 by/at/with
joint d3.
dafsku c1 (agent) answers x2 = d1 to question/problem x3 = d2.
dagysfe s1 is pavement of road/highway x2 =
d1.
dagysni s1 is a road sign meaning s2 to observer/driver/pedestrian s3. (Cf. klaji, tcita.)
dai [UI5] attitudinal modifier: marks empathetic use of preceding attitudinal; shows another’s feelings. (See also cnijmi.)
dakfu [dak] x1 is a knife (tool) for cutting x2,
with blade of material x3. (See also denci, balre,
katna, tunta, forca, smuci, kinli.)
dakli x1 is a sack/bag with contents x2, and of
material x3. (See also daski for pouch, bakfu.)
daklycka c1 = d1 is a sleeping bag of material
c2 = d3 for holding c3 = d2. (Cf. dadycka.)
dakyxa’i x1 = d1 is a dagger / knife weapon for
use against x2 = d2 by x3 with blade of material
d3. (Cf. dakfu, xarci, cladakyxa’i, damba, catra,
zekri.)
dalcange c1 is a ranch at c2, of rancher c3 raising
animals c4 = d1. (Cf. danlu, cange, jipci, bakni,
xarju, ladru, sovda.)
dalpe’o p1 = d1 is a pet belonging to p2 of
species d2. (Cf. danlu, pendo.)
dalske s1 is zoology concerned with animals of
type d2 based on methodology s3. (Cf. mivyske,
mivdalmuzga, mrodalmuzga, spaske.)
damba [dab da’a] x1
fights/combats/struggles with x2 over issue
x3 (abstract); x1 is a fighter/combatant. (Use x3
tu’a for fight over an object/objective. See also
bradi, gunta, talsa, darlu, fapro, jamna, sonci.)
37danvau darsyze’a
damri x1 is a drum/cymbal/gong [percussion
musical instrument] with beater/actuator x2. (See
also rilti, zgike.)
damtu’u t1 is a chimney made of
of material t2 for emitting/expelling
smoke/gas/steam/magma t3 = d1 from source
d2. (Cf. tubnu, danmo, fanri, molki.)
damtubnu t1 is a chimney made of
of material t2 for emitting/expelling
smoke/gas/steam/magma t3 = d1 from source
d2. (Cf. tubnu, danmo, fanri, molki.)
damva’u v1 smokes/inhales v2. v1 is a smoker.
(not necessarily tobacco. Cf. danmo, vasxu. See
also tankyva’u, sigva’u, marnyva’u.)
dandu [dad] x1 hangs/dangles/is suspended
from x2 by/at/with joint x3. (Pendant (= dadja’i);
also dependent (original meaning). See also lasna,
jorne.)
danfu [daf] x1 is the answer/response/solution/[reply] to question/problem x2. ((cf. ciksi, frati, preti, nabmi,
spuda for agentive response/reply, cpedu))
danlu’a p1 is a trajectory of ballistic projectile d1
fired by gun/launcher d2, to destination p2 from
p3 via p4. (Cf. vofli, voikla, gunta.)
danlu [dal da’u] x1 is an animal/creature of
species x2; x1 is biologically animate. (See also
banfi, cinki, cipni, finpe, jukni, respa, since, mabru,
bakni.)
danmark Denmark.
danmo [dam] x1 is made of/contains/is a
quantity of smoke/smog/air pollution from
source x2. (x2 may be a fire. See also pulce, gapci,
sigja, bumru.)
danre [da’e] x1 (force) puts pressure
on/presses/applies force to x2. (Agentive
press/depress (= da’ergau, da’erzu’e). See also
catke, bapli, prina, tinsa.)
danske s1 is ballistics with methodology s2. (Cf.
cecla, danlu’a. )
dansu x1 (individual, mass) dances to accompaniment/music/rhythm x2. (See also bende, zgike,
zajba.)
dansycu’u c1 is a dance/ball involving participants c2 = d1, to accompaniment/music/rhythm
d2. (Cf. dansu, cuntu, zgike, salci, jikca.)
danti [dan] x1 is a ballistic projectile [e.g.
bullet/missile] for firing by [gun/propelling
launcher] x2. (Also cannonball, catapult stone,
shot pellet(s). See also cecla, renro, jakne.)
danvau x1 is a quiver/magazine for arrows/bullets x2.
daplu [plu] x1 is an island/atoll/key of [material/properties] x2 in surroundings/body x3; x1
is insular. (See also lalxu, rirxe, xamsi, dirgo.)
dapma [dap] x1 curses/damns/condemns x2
to fate (event) x3. (Curse with a specific expression
(= dapsku). See also mabla, dimna, cnemu, sfasa,
dunda, cusku, cirko, jdima, di’ai.)
dapsodi x1 is an armadillo of species/breed x2.
(Cf. mabru, foldota.)
daptutra t1 = d2 is a hell/cursed territory
cursed by t2 = d1. (Cf. pacraistu, pacruxtutra,
ceirselxa’u, ceizda, lijda.)

darbei b1 carries/hauls/bears/transports cargo
b2 far away to b3 = d1 from b4 = d2 over path b5.
(Cf. darno, bevri.)
darbevri b1 carries/hauls/bears/transports
cargo b2 far away to b3 = d1 from b4 = d2 over
path b5. (Cf. darno, bevri.)
darctatci t1 is a telescope for examining c2 =
d1 which is far from d2. (Cf. darvistci, cmactatci,
le’otci.)
dargu [dag] x1 is a road/highway to x2 from
x3 with route x4 (x2/x3 may be unordered). (A
regularly used, improved-for-use surface for travelling. See also naxle, tcana, pluta, klaji.)
darji’o j1 = d1 is the end of j2 at j3 far from d2
darlu [dau] x1 argues for stand x2 against
stand x3; [an opponent is not necessary]. (See
also fapro, jamna, sarji, talsa, sumti, tugni, casnu,
damba, bradi, tavla.)
darmau z1 = d1 is farther from z2 = d2 in property z3 = d3 by amount z4. (Cf. darno, zmadu.)
darno [dar da’o] x1 is far/distant from x2 in
property x3 (ka). (See also jibni.)
darpi’ejvi j1 = p1 long jumps with opponent(s)
j2 in contest/competition j3 (event) for gain j4.
(Cf. darpi’e, xadyplijvi, zajba.)
darpi’e p1 long jumps to p2 from p3 reaching
height p4. (Cf. darpi’ejvi, xadyplijvi, zajba.)
darsi x1 shows audacity/chutzpah in behavior x2 (event/activity); x1 dares to do/be x2
(event/ka). (x1 is bold. See also virnu.)
darsta s1 = d1 stays/keeps back with s2, distant
from d2. (Cf. darno, stali.)
darsygau x1 encourages x2 to do/be x3. (Cf.
darsi, gasnu, e’e.)
darsyze’a z1 = d1 becomes bolder/more audacious in behaviour d2 (event/activity) by amount
38datni dausnu
z3. (Cf. darsi, zenba.)
darusLAM Darussalam. (see bruNAIS)
darvistci t1 is a telescope for seeing v2 = d1
which is far from d2. (Cf. darno, viska, vistci, darctatci, cmactatci, le’otci, barkalyle’o.)
darxi [dax da’i] x1 hits/strikes/[beats] x2
with instrument [or body-part] x3 at locus x4. (See
also bikla, gunta, jenca, tunta, tikpa, janli, jgari,
pencu.)
daski x1 is a pocket/pouch of/in garment/item
x2. (See also dakli, taxfu, bakfu.)
daskybu’u b1 is a handkerchief of type/material
b2 in pocket x3 = d1. (For example worn in suit
front pockets. Cf. zbibu’u.)
daskycizborda’u c1 = da1 is a
Pokemon/Pocket Monster of species ´ da2
daskycribe x1 = c1 is a koala (Phascolarctos
cinereus) of breed x2 = c2
daskymabru m1 is a marsupial mammal of
species m2. (Cf. daski, mabru, daskycribe, kanguru.)
dasni [das] x1 wears/is robed/garbed in x2
as a garment of type x3. (x2 need not be intended
for use as a garment (unlike taxfu). See also taxfu.)
daspo [spo] x1 (event) destroys/ruins/wrecks/despoils x2; x1 is destructive. (See also spofu, xrani, marxa, zalvi,
xaksu.)
dasri [sri] x1 is a ribbon/tape/strip/band/stripe of material x2.
(See also djine.)
datcinselta’u x1 = t2 is a
cross-dresser/transvestite wearing
dress/garment/clothing x2 = t1 serving purpose t3. (Cf. cingafpre, palku, pastu, dadne’ota’u.)
datcme c1 = d1 is an alias/nickname of c2 used
by c3 instead of name d2, differing from it by standard d3. (Cf. drata, cmene, cmebasti.)
datka x1 is a duck/[drake] of species/breed x2.
(See also cipni.)
datkypi’u p1 is eiderdown/feather/plume of
duck species/breed d2. (Cf. datka, gunse, cipni,
kicne, ranti.)
datmau z1 = d1 is a plurality of/more than all
other subgroups of z2 as seperated/classified by
property z3 = d3 by amount z4. (Made from drata
+ zmadu. Seems like both this and xabmau should
have klesi in them, but it can be argued that the
combination imports the idea of classification. See
also xabmau.)
datni x1 (du’u) [fact/measurement] is
data/information/statistic(s) about x2 gathered by method x3. (Evidence (= velji’i datni or
just velji’i, sidydatni). See also fatci, saske, vreji.)
datnyfle x1 is a pipe carrying data x2 to x3 from
x4. (Cf. datnyxle, skami.)
datnynoi n1 = d1 is a report about n2 = d2 from
reporter n3 to intended audience n4. (Cf. datni,
notci, djuno, nuzba, lanli.)
datnysri x1 = das1 is a signal recording and
playback tape-type medium (cassette/DAT/tape
drive) containing data/sound/image x2 = dat1
with data storage mechanism/method x3 (analog/digital) (Cf. srimakyvelvei, veisri.)
datnyvaugunma g1 is computer memory, consisting of parts x2 = g2 = v1. (Cf. datnyvau,
skami.)
datnyvau v1 is a computer variable/register/memory cell with contents v2 = d1.
(Cf. datnyvaugunma, skami.)
datnyveiste l1 = v1 is a directory of files l2 in
order l3 in medium l4 = v4. (Cf. datnyvei, skami,
ckusro.)
datnyvei x1 = v1 is a file consisting of information x2 = d1 = v2 about x3 = d2 = v3 in medium
x4 = v4. (Cf. datnyveiste, skami.)
datnyxle n1 is a socket connecting n3 to n2 along
route n4 carrying data x5 = d1. (x1 is the end
opened with listen(); Cf. datnyfle.)
datpavycinglepre pr1 is (a) heterosexual. (Cf.
mitpavycinglepre, pavycinglepre, relcinglepre.)
4 datru x1 (event) is dated/pertaining to
day/occurring on day x2 of month x3 of year x4 in
calendar x5 (We felt that detri just didn’t work as
a culturally-independent date system. The use of
pi’e or joi as date mechanisms was insufficient and
having the date components built into the place
structure seems far more elegant. (Cf. masti, djedi,
nanca, nu, fasnu, purci, balvi, jeftu))
datygugvi’e v1 is a tourist/foreign visitor, visiting v2 at place/event v3 from country x4 = g1. (Cf.
litru, klama.)
4 dau’i [CAI2] attitudinal: equal intensity attitudinal relativizer (Specifies an equal intensity -
relative to any previously specified intensity of the
same UI/cmavo. See also mau’i, me’ai, cu’i )
dausnu c1 debate on topic/subject c2. (Cf.
darlu, casnu, da’asnu, simda’a, da’arsi’u,
da’arta’a.)
39dejru’a demtse
dau [PA2] digit/number: hex digit A (decimal
10) [ten].
daxfli f1 = d1 fails to hit d2 with instrument d3
at locus d4. (Cf. fliba, darxi.)
da [dav dza] [KOhA1] logically quantified
existential pro-sumti: there exists something 1
(usually restricted).
de’a [ZAhO] event contour for a temporary halt
and ensuing pause in a process.
de’emni x1 is denim of material x2. (Cf. bukpu.)
de’e [KOhA2] pro-sumti: a near future utterance.
de’i [BAI] detri modal, 1st place (for letters)
dated ... ; attaches date stamp.
de’o [VUhU3] binary mathematical operator:
logarithm; [log/ln a to base b]; default base 10 or
e.
de’u [KOhA2] pro-sumti: a recent utterance.
debysamcu x1 is a jicama of species/variety x2.
(Cf. samcu, dembi.)
decti [dec] x1 is a tenth [1/10; 110
1
] of x2 in
dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). ((cf. grake,
mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo,
gradu. litce, merli, centi, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti,
gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso,
picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro))
degja’i j1 is a ring on finger j2 = d1. (Cf. djine,
jadypijne.)
degja’o j1 = d3 points to j2 (property) to audience j3 with finger x4 = d1. (Cf. farja’o, farsni.)
degji [deg] x1 is a/the finger/digit/toe
[body-part] on limb/body site x2 of body x3;
[metaphor: peninsula]. (Finger (= xandegji), toe
(= jmadegji). See also nazbi, tamji, tance, xance.,)
degycauglu g1 = c1 = d2 is a mitten of material
g2. (Cf. gluta.)
degycidni c1 is a knuckle on limb d2 of body
c3 = d3. (Cf. bircidni.)
degycpu l1 = d3 plucks l2 at locus l3. (For example also pizzicato etc.)
degygai g1 is a thimble. (Cf. degji, gacri, tajgai.)
degygutci g1 is g2 inch/inches (length unit).
(Cf. degji, gutci, jmagutci, cibjmagutci, birgutci,
minli.)
dei [KOhA2] pro-sumti: this utterance.
dejni [dej] x1 owes x2 in debt/obligation to
creditor x3 in return for x4 [service, loan]; x1 is a
debtor. (See also jbera, janta, zivle.)
dejnoi n1 is an invoice/bill to debtor d1 = n4
for amount owed d2 to creditor d3 = n3 for
goods/services d4. (Cf. dejni, notci, janta.)
dejru’a s1 = d1 wagers d2 to creditor d3 on s2
(du’u). (Cf. sruma, smadi, kanpe.)
dejyterze’a z3 is the interest on debt z1 = d2 of
debtor d1 to creditor d3. (Cf. dejni, zenba, terdejni, kagyseldejni, ze’i zei seldejni, ze’u zei seldejni,
paurseldejni, fairprali, jbera, jdini, banxa.)
dekpu x1 is x2 (default 1) local volume unit(s)
[non-metric; e.g. bushel], standard x3, x4 subunits.
(Gallon (= likydekpu), quart (= likseldekpu), barrel (wet = likybradekpu, dry = sudbradekpu),
bushel (= sudydekpu), peck (= sudyseldekpu),
cupful (= kabrydekpu), tablespoon (= mucydekpu); teaspoon (= mucyseldekpu); (all of these
lujvo may need gic- to distinguish the English
measurement system in contrasting with some local system; the English system is otherwise presumed to be the default non-metric system). (additional subunit places may be added as x5, x6,
...); See also canlu, litce, rupnu, fepni, gutci, minli,
merli, bunda, kramu.)
dekto [dek] x1 is ten [10; 1 10
1
] of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). (See also
grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo,
xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, femti,
gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti,
nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti,
zetro)
delfinu x1 is a dolphin of species/breed x2. (Cf.
mabru, xamsi, flecu.)
delno [del de’o] x1 is x2 candela [metric
unit] in luminosity (default is 1) by standard x3.
(See also centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti,
gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso,
picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro.)
dembi [deb] x1 is a bean/pea/leguminous
seed from plant [legume] x2. (See also grute,
sobde, tsiju.)
dembrciceri x1 is a garbanzo/chickpea of
species/variety x2. (see also boldembi)
demcarvi c1 = d1 pours to c2 from c3. c1 = d1 is
torrential rainfall.
demri’a r1 (event/state) compacts/compresses/concentrates/packs/condenses
x2 = d1 in property x3 = d2 (ka) at location/locus
x4 = d3. (Cf. lunsa.)
demspa d1 = s1 is a bush of
species/strain/cultivar s2. (Cf. dzitricu.)
demtse z1 crouches/cowers/squats on surface
z2. (Cf. cidytse, mipypu’i, dzibi’o, krosa’i.)
40

darbei b1 carries/hauls/bears/transports cargo
b2 far away to b3 = d1 from b4 = d2 over path b5.
(Cf. darno, bevri.)
darbevri b1 carries/hauls/bears/transports
cargo b2 far away to b3 = d1 from b4 = d2 over
path b5. (Cf. darno, bevri.)
darctatci t1 is a telescope for examining c2 =
d1 which is far from d2. (Cf. darvistci, cmactatci,
le’otci.)
dargu [dag] x1 is a road/highway to x2 from
x3 with route x4 (x2/x3 may be unordered). (A
regularly used, improved-for-use surface for travelling. See also naxle, tcana, pluta, klaji.)
darji’o j1 = d1 is the end of j2 at j3 far from d2
darlu [dau] x1 argues for stand x2 against
stand x3; [an opponent is not necessary]. (See
also fapro, jamna, sarji, talsa, sumti, tugni, casnu,
damba, bradi, tavla.)
darmau z1 = d1 is farther from z2 = d2 in property z3 = d3 by amount z4. (Cf. darno, zmadu.)
darno [dar da’o] x1 is far/distant from x2 in
property x3 (ka). (See also jibni.)
darpi’ejvi j1 = p1 long jumps with opponent(s)
j2 in contest/competition j3 (event) for gain j4.
(Cf. darpi’e, xadyplijvi, zajba.)
darpi’e p1 long jumps to p2 from p3 reaching
height p4. (Cf. darpi’ejvi, xadyplijvi, zajba.)
darsi x1 shows audacity/chutzpah in behavior x2 (event/activity); x1 dares to do/be x2
(event/ka). (x1 is bold. See also virnu.)
darsta s1 = d1 stays/keeps back with s2, distant
from d2. (Cf. darno, stali.)
darsygau x1 encourages x2 to do/be x3. (Cf.
darsi, gasnu, e’e.)
darsyze’a z1 = d1 becomes bolder/more audacious in behaviour d2 (event/activity) by amount
38datni dausnu
z3. (Cf. darsi, zenba.)
darusLAM Darussalam. (see bruNAIS)
darvistci t1 is a telescope for seeing v2 = d1
which is far from d2. (Cf. darno, viska, vistci, darctatci, cmactatci, le’otci, barkalyle’o.)
darxi [dax da’i] x1 hits/strikes/[beats] x2
with instrument [or body-part] x3 at locus x4. (See
also bikla, gunta, jenca, tunta, tikpa, janli, jgari,
pencu.)
daski x1 is a pocket/pouch of/in garment/item
x2. (See also dakli, taxfu, bakfu.)
daskybu’u b1 is a handkerchief of type/material
b2 in pocket x3 = d1. (For example worn in suit
front pockets. Cf. zbibu’u.)
daskycizborda’u c1 = da1 is a
Pokemon/Pocket Monster of species ´ da2
daskycribe x1 = c1 is a koala (Phascolarctos
cinereus) of breed x2 = c2
daskymabru m1 is a marsupial mammal of
species m2. (Cf. daski, mabru, daskycribe, kanguru.)
dasni [das] x1 wears/is robed/garbed in x2
as a garment of type x3. (x2 need not be intended
for use as a garment (unlike taxfu). See also taxfu.)
daspo [spo] x1 (event) destroys/ruins/wrecks/despoils x2; x1 is destructive. (See also spofu, xrani, marxa, zalvi,
xaksu.)
dasri [sri] x1 is a ribbon/tape/strip/band/stripe of material x2.
(See also djine.)
datcinselta’u x1 = t2 is a
cross-dresser/transvestite wearing
dress/garment/clothing x2 = t1 serving purpose t3. (Cf. cingafpre, palku, pastu, dadne’ota’u.)
datcme c1 = d1 is an alias/nickname of c2 used
by c3 instead of name d2, differing from it by standard d3. (Cf. drata, cmene, cmebasti.)
datka x1 is a duck/[drake] of species/breed x2.
(See also cipni.)
datkypi’u p1 is eiderdown/feather/plume of
duck species/breed d2. (Cf. datka, gunse, cipni,
kicne, ranti.)
datmau z1 = d1 is a plurality of/more than all
other subgroups of z2 as seperated/classified by
property z3 = d3 by amount z4. (Made from drata
+ zmadu. Seems like both this and xabmau should
have klesi in them, but it can be argued that the
combination imports the idea of classification. See
also xabmau.)
datni x1 (du’u) [fact/measurement] is
data/information/statistic(s) about x2 gathered by method x3. (Evidence (= velji’i datni or
just velji’i, sidydatni). See also fatci, saske, vreji.)
datnyfle x1 is a pipe carrying data x2 to x3 from
x4. (Cf. datnyxle, skami.)
datnynoi n1 = d1 is a report about n2 = d2 from
reporter n3 to intended audience n4. (Cf. datni,
notci, djuno, nuzba, lanli.)
datnysri x1 = das1 is a signal recording and
playback tape-type medium (cassette/DAT/tape
drive) containing data/sound/image x2 = dat1
with data storage mechanism/method x3 (analog/digital) (Cf. srimakyvelvei, veisri.)
datnyvaugunma g1 is computer memory, consisting of parts x2 = g2 = v1. (Cf. datnyvau,
skami.)
datnyvau v1 is a computer variable/register/memory cell with contents v2 = d1.
(Cf. datnyvaugunma, skami.)
datnyveiste l1 = v1 is a directory of files l2 in
order l3 in medium l4 = v4. (Cf. datnyvei, skami,
ckusro.)
datnyvei x1 = v1 is a file consisting of information x2 = d1 = v2 about x3 = d2 = v3 in medium
x4 = v4. (Cf. datnyveiste, skami.)
datnyxle n1 is a socket connecting n3 to n2 along
route n4 carrying data x5 = d1. (x1 is the end
opened with listen(); Cf. datnyfle.)
datpavycinglepre pr1 is (a) heterosexual. (Cf.
mitpavycinglepre, pavycinglepre, relcinglepre.)
4 datru x1 (event) is dated/pertaining to
day/occurring on day x2 of month x3 of year x4 in
calendar x5 (We felt that detri just didn’t work as
a culturally-independent date system. The use of
pi’e or joi as date mechanisms was insufficient and
having the date components built into the place
structure seems far more elegant. (Cf. masti, djedi,
nanca, nu, fasnu, purci, balvi, jeftu))
datygugvi’e v1 is a tourist/foreign visitor, visiting v2 at place/event v3 from country x4 = g1. (Cf.
litru, klama.)
4 dau’i [CAI2] attitudinal: equal intensity attitudinal relativizer (Specifies an equal intensity -
relative to any previously specified intensity of the
same UI/cmavo. See also mau’i, me’ai, cu’i )
dausnu c1 debate on topic/subject c2. (Cf.
darlu, casnu, da’asnu, simda’a, da’arsi’u,
da’arta’a.)
39dejru’a demtse
dau [PA2] digit/number: hex digit A (decimal
10) [ten].
daxfli f1 = d1 fails to hit d2 with instrument d3
at locus d4. (Cf. fliba, darxi.)
da [dav dza] [KOhA1] logically quantified
existential pro-sumti: there exists something 1
(usually restricted).
de’a [ZAhO] event contour for a temporary halt
and ensuing pause in a process.
de’emni x1 is denim of material x2. (Cf. bukpu.)
de’e [KOhA2] pro-sumti: a near future utterance.
de’i [BAI] detri modal, 1st place (for letters)
dated ... ; attaches date stamp.
de’o [VUhU3] binary mathematical operator:
logarithm; [log/ln a to base b]; default base 10 or
e.
de’u [KOhA2] pro-sumti: a recent utterance.
debysamcu x1 is a jicama of species/variety x2.
(Cf. samcu, dembi.)
decti [dec] x1 is a tenth [1/10; 110
1
] of x2 in
dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). ((cf. grake,
mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo,
gradu. litce, merli, centi, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti,
gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso,
picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro))
degja’i j1 is a ring on finger j2 = d1. (Cf. djine,
jadypijne.)
degja’o j1 = d3 points to j2 (property) to audience j3 with finger x4 = d1. (Cf. farja’o, farsni.)
degji [deg] x1 is a/the finger/digit/toe
[body-part] on limb/body site x2 of body x3;
[metaphor: peninsula]. (Finger (= xandegji), toe
(= jmadegji). See also nazbi, tamji, tance, xance.,)
degycauglu g1 = c1 = d2 is a mitten of material
g2. (Cf. gluta.)
degycidni c1 is a knuckle on limb d2 of body
c3 = d3. (Cf. bircidni.)
degycpu l1 = d3 plucks l2 at locus l3. (For example also pizzicato etc.)
degygai g1 is a thimble. (Cf. degji, gacri, tajgai.)
degygutci g1 is g2 inch/inches (length unit).
(Cf. degji, gutci, jmagutci, cibjmagutci, birgutci,
minli.)
dei [KOhA2] pro-sumti: this utterance.
dejni [dej] x1 owes x2 in debt/obligation to
creditor x3 in return for x4 [service, loan]; x1 is a
debtor. (See also jbera, janta, zivle.)
dejnoi n1 is an invoice/bill to debtor d1 = n4
for amount owed d2 to creditor d3 = n3 for
goods/services d4. (Cf. dejni, notci, janta.)
dejru’a s1 = d1 wagers d2 to creditor d3 on s2
(du’u). (Cf. sruma, smadi, kanpe.)
dejyterze’a z3 is the interest on debt z1 = d2 of
debtor d1 to creditor d3. (Cf. dejni, zenba, terdejni, kagyseldejni, ze’i zei seldejni, ze’u zei seldejni,
paurseldejni, fairprali, jbera, jdini, banxa.)
dekpu x1 is x2 (default 1) local volume unit(s)
[non-metric; e.g. bushel], standard x3, x4 subunits.
(Gallon (= likydekpu), quart (= likseldekpu), barrel (wet = likybradekpu, dry = sudbradekpu),
bushel (= sudydekpu), peck (= sudyseldekpu),
cupful (= kabrydekpu), tablespoon (= mucydekpu); teaspoon (= mucyseldekpu); (all of these
lujvo may need gic- to distinguish the English
measurement system in contrasting with some local system; the English system is otherwise presumed to be the default non-metric system). (additional subunit places may be added as x5, x6,
...); See also canlu, litce, rupnu, fepni, gutci, minli,
merli, bunda, kramu.)
dekto [dek] x1 is ten [10; 1 10
1
] of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). (See also
grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo,
xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, femti,
gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti,
nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti,
zetro)
delfinu x1 is a dolphin of species/breed x2. (Cf.
mabru, xamsi, flecu.)
delno [del de’o] x1 is x2 candela [metric
unit] in luminosity (default is 1) by standard x3.
(See also centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti,
gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso,
picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro.)
dembi [deb] x1 is a bean/pea/leguminous
seed from plant [legume] x2. (See also grute,
sobde, tsiju.)
dembrciceri x1 is a garbanzo/chickpea of
species/variety x2. (see also boldembi)
demcarvi c1 = d1 pours to c2 from c3. c1 = d1 is
torrential rainfall.
demri’a r1 (event/state) compacts/compresses/concentrates/packs/condenses
x2 = d1 in property x3 = d2 (ka) at location/locus
x4 = d3. (Cf. lunsa.)

emspa d1 = s1 is a bush of
species/strain/cultivar s2. (Cf. dzitricu.)
demtse z1 crouches/cowers/squats on surface
z2. (Cf. cidytse, mipypu’i, dzibi’o, krosa’i.)
40

emspa d1 = s1 is a bush of
species/strain/cultivar s2. (Cf. dzitricu.)
demtse z1 crouches/cowers/squats on surface
z2. (Cf. cidytse, mipypu’i, dzibi’o, krosa’i.)
40

derba’o detcartu
denburcu b1 is a toothbrush with bristles b3. (Cf.
denjisygau, denpesxu, brulu’i.)
denci [den de’i] x1 is a/the tooth [bodypart] of x2; (adjective:) x1 is dental. ((for
metaphor: see dakfu, pagre, jgalu); See also
moklu, dakfu, pagre, jgalu, batci, bongu.)
dencro c1 = d2 has a toothache in tooth d1 = c2.
denjisygau g1 (agent) brushes/cleans the teeth
of d2. (Cf. denburcu, denpesxu, denmikce.)
denmikce m1 is a dentist treating patient m2
with dentistry m4. (Cf. densrumikce.)
denmi [dem] x1 is
dense/concentrated/packed/intense in property x2 (ka) at location/locus x3. (See also carmi,
midju, viknu.)
denpa bu [BY*] letteral: Lojban ”.” character.
denpa [dep de’a] x1 awaits/waits/pauses
for/until x2 at state x3 before starting/continuing
x4 (activity/process). ((x2 is an event, usually a
point event); also: resuming x4. See also dicra,
fanmo, sisti, fliba, pandi.)
denpesxu p1 is a quantity of tooth-paste, of
composition p2. (Cf. denburcu, denjisygau.)
densrumikce m1 is a periodontist treating patient(s) m2 for ailment m3 involving cure m4. (Cf.
denmikce, densru.)
densru x1 is the gum/cementum of animal x2.
(Cf. densrumikce.)
denstela s1 = d2 is a zip fastener for sealing s2
by mechanism d1. (Cf. stela, tolfendi.)
depcni c1 feels patience about c3. (Cf. o’o.)
depkumfa k1 is a waiting room/break
room in structure x2 surrounded by partitions/walls/ceiling/floor x3 (mass/jo’u). (Cf.
depypoi, depstu.)
depri’a x1 causes x2 to wait for x3 at x4 before
continuing x5. (Cf. sisti.)
depsna s1 is a hesitation sound produced by
s2 = d1 while for/until d2 at state d3 before starting/continuing d4 (activity/process). (Cf. denpa,
sance, y.)
depstu s1 is a waiting room/place where d1
waits for d2. (Cf. depkumfa.)
depyjdari j1 = d1 is patient, unyielding to force
j2 = d2 under condition j3 = d3. (Cf. jdari, denpa,
tinsa, xarnu.)
depypoi p1 is a waiting queue ordered by rules
p2 on unordered set p3 waiting for x4 = d2. (Cf.
depkumfa, depstu.)
derba’o b1 initially grows b2 beyond the soil; b1
sprouts b2 from the ground. (dertu+banro)
derdembi x1 is a peanut of variety x2.
derjbe j1 sprouts from x2 = d1. (Cf. spati,
banro.)
derpanxu’i x1 is geosmin.
derpesxu d1 = p1 is a quantity of mud of composition d3 = p2, made from dirt from source d2
(Water soaked soil, soft wet earth. See also dertu,
pesxu)
derse’a s1 buries/sinks/embeds s2 in ground
s3 = d1. (Cf. lolni’apu’i, lolni’a.)
derske s1=d1 is soil science [science about
earth/soil] based on methodology s3. (dertu2,
dertu3 and saske2 subsumed. Soil science
studies the soil that occupies the pedosphere,
one of Earth’s spheres. This is not the same
as geology (the lujvo for this should mean
planetary+composition+science). The two main
branches of soil science are pedology (=terderske; the study of soil in its natural setting) and
edaphology (the study of soil in relation to soildependent uses). See also tedske, rokske and
kunske.)
dertu [der de’u] x1 is a quantity
of/contains/is made of dirt/soil/earth/ground
from source x2 of composition x3. (Also: x1 is
earthen; x3: composition including x3, which
need not be exhaustive of composition. See also
kliti, terdi, loldi.)
derxi [dre] x1 is a
heap/pile/stack/mound/hill of materials x2
at location x3. (See also cmana.)
desku [des] x1
shakes/quakes/trembles/quivers/shudders/wobbles/vibrates
from force x2. (Also (expressible either with desku
or slilu): side to side, to and fro, back and forth,
reciprocal motion. See also slilu, janbe.)
desmi’i m1 is a vibrator/vibrating device for
use/function m2. (not necessarily sex toy; could
for example also be a ”Jumping Jack” compactor;
Cf. runpinji, gletci. See xremi’i for shaking machines with the purpose of mixing.)
desygau g1 (person/agent) shakes x2 = d1. (Cf.
desku, gasnu, desyzu’e, slilu.)
desyzu’e z1 shakes. (Cf. desku, zukte, desygau,
slilu.)
detcartu x1 is a calendar showing dates x2 and
events x3. (x2 is normally a time interval; see
detci’e)
41dicfle dikni
detci’e x1 is a calendar with rules x2,
days/weeks/months/years x3, and properties x4.
(e.g. Gregorian calendar, Hebrew calendar; see
detcartu)
detfukcru x1 allows copying/has copyright of
x2 under conditions x3 dated x4.
detke’u k1 is the k3’rd anniversary (date recurrence) of event k2 = d1 that took place at location
d3 by calendar d4. (Cf. detri, krefu.)
detrgregori x1 is the date
[day,week,month,year] of event/state x2, at
location x3, by the Gregorian calendar.
detri [det] x1 is the date
[day,week,month,year] of event/state x2, at
location x3, by calendar x4. ((time units in x1 are
specified as numbers separated by pi’e or are unit
values massified with joi); See also cmavo list de’i,
djedi, jeftu, masti, nanca, tcika.)
detytcikygau g1 schedules time t1[hours, minutes, seconds] and date d1[day,week,month,year]
for event t2 = d2 at location d3. (Cf. detri, tcika,
gasnu, tcikygau, tcikyga’i, bavypunji, prupu’i.)
de [KOhA1] logically quantified existential
pro-sumti: there exists something 2 (usually restricted).
4 di’ai [COI] vocative: well-wish - curse (Used
to express well-wishes/curses. See also dimna,
dapma, ki’e, doi)
di’a [ZAhO] event contour for resumption of a
paused process.
di’e [KOhA2] pro-sumti: the next utterance.
di’inai [TAhE*] tense interval modifier: irregularly/aperiodically; tense/modal; defaults as time
tense.
di’i [TAhE] tense interval modifier: regularly;
subjective tense/modal; defaults as time tense.
di’o [BAI] diklo modal, 1st place at the locus of
...
di’uzbe z1 is/are the foundation(s) of building/edifice/structure d1 of/for type/purpose d2,
made of/with materials/properties z3. (Cf. dinju,
zbepi.)
di’u [KOhA2] pro-sumti: the last utterance.
dibrai t1 = d1 is dearest/most precious to d2
among set/range x3 = t4.
dicflecru c1 is a transistor / electrical regulator
which allows electric current c2 = df1 to flow under conditions c3 in / on / through df2 flowing in
direction to / towards df3 from direction/source
df4. (Cf. dicfle, dicka’u.)
dicfle f1 = d1 is an electrical current / flow in /
on / through f2 = d2 flowing in direction to / towards f3 from direction/source f4. (Cf. dicflecru,
dicka’u. dicka3 is not sensical.)
dicka’u x1 is an electron. (Cf. lektoni, dicfle.)
dicra [dir] x1 (event) interrupts/stops/halts/[disrupts] x2 (object/event/process) due to quality x3. (Also
disturbs (one sense). See also zunti, fanza, raktu,
denpa.)
dictergu’i g3 = d2 is an electric lamp illuminating g2 with light g1. (Cf. dikca, gusni, rastergu’i,
laktergu’i, fagytergu’i.)
dicycau d1 = c1 is electrically uncharged. (Cf.
seldikca)
dicyselsna s2 is a loudspeaker emitting sound
s1. (Cf. snaveitci.)
dicysro s1 is a battery in containment s3.
digyligykamju k1 is a dropstone/stalagmite/stalactite/icicle/rusticle of
material k2 = s2 = d2. (Cf. bakri, kevna,
bogjinme.)
dijbartu b1 is outdoors. (Cf. zdabartu.)
dijypanka p1 is a plaza managed by community/polity/company p2 for purpose p3.
dijysenta s1 is a story/level/floor of building
x2 = s3 = d1.
dikca [dic] x1 is electricity [electric charge
or current] in/on x2 of polarity/quantity x3 (def.
negative). ((x3, a quantifier, can be expressed as
a simple polarity using the numerals for positive
and negative ma’u and ni’u); (explicitly) negative (= dutydikca), positive (= mardikca); current
(= (sel)muvdikca; again default negative/electron
current), charge (= klodikca, stadikca). See also
lindi, xampo, flecu, maksi, tcana.)
dikcti c1 consumes c2 as part of their staple diet.
dikle’i p1 regularly pays salary p2 to p3 for
goods/services p4.
diklo [klo] x1 is local to x2; x1 is confined to
locus x2 within range x3; x1 is regional (Indicates
a specific location/value within a range; e.g. a hits
b. What is the locality on b that a hits? Thus x1 is
associated with a specific narrow region/interval
x2 of wider space/range x3. See also cmavo list
di’o, jibni, zvati, cpana, nenri, lamji, stuzi, tcila.)
dikni [dik] x1 is regular/cyclical/periodic in
property (ka)/activity x2 with period/interval x3.
(Also uniform; resonant (= dikslicai). See also
slilu, rilti, xutla, manfo, boxna.)
42dirgo djaselcrepu
dilcu x1 is a quotient of ’x2/x3’ [dividend x2 divided by divisor x3], leaving remainder x4. (See
also frinu, fendi, katna, parbi, mekso.)
dilis Dilli.
dilnu [dil] x1 is a cloud/mass of clouds of
material x2 in air mass x3 at floor/base elevation
x4. (See also carvi, tcima.)
dimna [dim] x1 is a fate/destiny
of x2; [doom, curse are mabla-forms];
x2 is fated/predestined/doomed to x1.
(Fated/destined/doomed (= seldimna). See
also dapma.)
dincu’u c1 is a monetary affair involving c2
dinjbera jb1 borrows money jb2 = jd1 from
jb3 for interval jb4. (Cf. jdini, jbera, seldejni, dejyterze’a.)
dinju [dij di’u] x1 is a building/edifice for
purpose x2. (See also ginka, zdani, zarci.)
dinko [di’o] x1 is a nail/tack [pointed
driven/frictional fastener] of type/size x2 (ka),
made of material x3. ((x2 also can be ni abstraction); See also pijne, lasna.)
dinkrnite x1 is a rivet of type x2 made of x3
dinsauru x1 is a dinosaur of type x2 living in era
x3.
dinsefygundi g1 is a/the industry sector in
which s1 provides financial services g2 = s3 to s2
by process g3 (From jdini, selfu, gundi. Omit j2.)
dinsro s1 is a treasury of money d1 = s2.
dintrocu’u c1 is a/the financial management
function/activities involving persons c2 = ji1, of
money/currency issued by jd2; c1 is finance. (Cf.
jdini, jitro, cuntu, dinveicu’u, janta.)
dinveicu’u c1 is an/the accounting function/activities involving persons c2, using currency issued by j2, recording v2 (data/facts/du’u)
about v3 (object/event); c1 is accounting. (Cf.
jdini, vreji, cuntu, dintrocu’u, janta.)
dirba [dib] x1 is dear/precious/darling to x2;
x1 is emotionally valued by x2. (x1 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a
property; pedantically, for objects/commodities,
this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posydirba for unambiguous
semantics). See also tcika, kargu, vamji, vajni,
pleji, jadni, jemna.)
dirce [di’e] x1 radiates/emits x2 under conditions x3. (See also gusni.)
dircyjinme x1 is radium. (see also dircynavni)
dirgo [dig] x1 is a drop [small, cohesive
shape] of material [liquid/vapor] x2 in surrounding material x3. (See also daplu, bidju.)
dirtadji t1 is an interrupt causing d1 to happen,
interrupting d2 due to quality d3, hooked onto conditions t3.
dirva’u v1 chokes on/because of d3. (Cf. dicra,
vasxu, vaxydicra.)
4 ditcu x1 is the timeduration/interval/period/[elapsed time] of
event x2. (cedra, ranji, tcika, renvi, temci, canlu,
kuspe, krafamtei)
dizlo [diz dzi] x1 is low/down/downward
in frame of reference x2 as compared with baseline/standard height x3. (Also lower; x3 is
generally some defined distance above a zero
point/baseline, or is that baseline itself. See also
cnita, galtu, gapru, farna, loldi.)
di [KOhA1] logically quantified existential prosumti: there exists something 3 (usually restricted).
dja’aza d1 is jazz music performed at/by z2
(event) with characteristics z3. (Cf. te’ekno, naizgi,
sopselneizgi, nolzgi.)
djabeipre p1 = b1 is a waitress/waiter serving
food b2 = c1 to x3 = c2 = b3. (Cf. barjyse’u.)
djabei b1 is a waiter, carrying food c1 = b2 to b3
from b4 over path b5.
djacaumro m1 = c2 starves to death from lack
of food/nutrition c1
djacpi cip1 = cid1 is an edible bird of species
cip2. (Cf. jipci, gunse, datka, xruki.)
djacu [jac jau] x1 is made of/contains/is a
quantity/expanse of water; (adjective:) x1 is aqueous/[aquatic]. (Aquatic (= jaupli). See also lalxu,
rirxe, xamsi, limna, litki, lumci, bumru, jinto.)
djagru g1 = c1 is grain from plant/species g2,
edible/giving nutrition to x3 = c2. (Cf. bavmi,
cunmi, mavji, maxri, mraji, rismi, zumri, sorgu.)
djakartas Jakarta
djarunta r1 = c1 (food) is digested in solvent r2.
(Cf. djaruntygau, djaruntyrango.)
djaruntygau g1 = c2 digests food x2 = r1 = c1
in solvent x3 = r2. (Cf. djarunta, djaruntyrango.)
djaruntyrango ra1 is a stomach/digestive organ of body/species ra2 = c2 for digesting
food/feed/nutriment x3 = ru1 = c1. (Cf.
djarunta, djaruntygau.)
djaselcrepu x1 = cr2 is a crop/harvest, harvested by x2 = cr1, for use as food x3 = ci1, to
43djusku dotygu’e
be eaten by x4 = ci2.
djaspi s1 is a morsel/piece of food s1 = c1 for
x3 = c2.
djaule g1 is g2 joule(s) of energy (default is 1)
by standard g3. (Cf. Cf. klanrdjuli, klanrniut,ni,
klanrxuati.)
djaZAIR Algeria. (see also jerxo)
djedi [dje dei] x1 is x2 full days in duration (default is 1 day) by standard x3; (adjective:)
x1 is diurnal. (Today (= cabdei); tomorrow (=
bavlamdei); yesterday (= prulamdei). See also
donri, detri, jeftu, masti, nanca, nicte, tcika.)
djekarni k1 is a daily newspaper with content k2
published by k3 for audience k4.
djica [dji] x1 desires/wants/wishes x2
(event/state) for purpose x3. (If desire is for an
object, this is sumti-raising; use tu’a in x2 (or use
lujvo = po’edji). See also taske, xagji, mukti, nitcu,
nelci, pacna, prami, rigni, trina, xebni, xlura.)
djicni c1 = d1 is/feels eager for d2 = c3
(event/state) for purpose d3. (Cf. djica, cinmo, sutydji.)
djine [jin] x1 is a ring/annulus/torus/circle
[shape/form] of material x2, inside diam. x3, outside diam. x4. (Also ellipse, oval (= jincla); (usage has been for near-circles, such as tight spirals,
even if not closed loops). Also band, belt, encircle
(= jinsru). See also clupa, cukla, dasri, karli, sovda,
sruri, konju.)
djiotis Jyoti.
djisku x1 = d1 = c1 wants to say/express
x2 = c2 (sedu’u/text/lu’e concept) for audience
x3 = c3 via expressive medium x4 = c4, and this
is desired for purpose x5 = d3. (Generally used
to correct another’s perceived mistake, i.e. ”mi
klami” followed by ”.i pe’i du djisku zo klama”.
See also djica, cusku. )
djobau m1 = b1 is the Saudi Arabic language
used by b2 to express/communicate b3 (si’o/du’u,
not quote). (Cf. sadjo, bangu, rabybau, bangaru’a,
bangarubu.)
djoguro x1 is a quantity of yogurt made from x2
milk by process x3. (Cf. ladru, cirla, kruji.)
djunguos China. (Cf. jungo, jugygu’e, gugdecunu.)
djunoi n1 is an instruction/advice from
x2 = n3 to help/assist/aid x3 = s2 = n4
do/achieve/maintain event/activity x4 = s3.
djuno [jun ju’o] x1 knows fact(s) x2 (du’u)
about subject x3 by epistemology x4. (Words usable for epistemology typically have a du’u place;
know how to - implying knowledge of method
but not necessarily having the ability to practice
(= tadjyju’o). (cf. know/familiar with: se slabu,
na’e cnino, na’e fange; cmavo list du’o, cilre, certu,
facki, jijnu, jimpe, senpi, smadi, kakne, birti, mipri,
morji, saske, viska))
djusku c1 = s1 gives advice c2
(sedu’u/text/lu’e concept) to c3 = s2 about
doing/achieving/maintaining s3, on medium c4.
(Cf. sidju, cusku.)
do’anai [UI*3] discursive: generously - parsimoniously.
do’a [UI3] discursive: generously - parsimoniously. (See also dunda.)
do’e [BAI] elliptical/unspecified modal.
do’i [KOhA2] pro-sumti: elliptical/unspecified
utterance variable.
do’o [KOhA3] pro-sumti: you the listener &
others unspecified.
do’u [DOhU] elidable terminator: end vocative
(often elidable).
doido’u [DOI*] generic vocative address to intended listener;.
doi [DOI] generic vocative marker; identifies
intended listener; elidable after COI.
donma’o c1 is a second person pronoun in language c4. (Cf. do, do’o, cmavo, mibma’o.)
donri [dor do’i] x1 is the daytime of day x2
at location x3; (adjective:) x1 is diurnal (vs. nocturnal). (See also nicte, djedi, tcika.)
dorkada x1 is a gazelle of species x2. (see also
bajbakni, antilope)
dormidju m1 is the noon (midday) of day d2 at
location d3. (djemidju is too vague. Cf. donri,
midju, ctemidju.)
dormijbalvi b1 is later than noon of day d2 at
location d3. (donri+midju+balvi; see also vanci,
lerci, cerni, nicte, dormidju, lecydo’i)
dormijysai s1 (mass) is a lunch composed of
dishes including s2. (Cf. cersai, vacysai, dormidju,
sanmi.)
dotco [dot do’o] x1 reflects German/Germanic culture/nationality/language
in aspect x2. (See also ropno.)
dotybau d1 = b1 is the German used by b2 to express/communicate b3 (si’o/du’u, not quote). (Cf.
dotco, bangu, bandu’e’u.)
dotygu’e g1 is Germany. (Cf. dotco, gugde,
gugdedu’e.)
44du’eroi dunda
do [don doi] [KOhA3] pro-sumti: you listener(s); identified by vocative.
draci x1 is a drama/play about x2
[plot/theme/subject] by dramatist x3 for audience x4 with actors x5. (x2 may also be a
convention. See also finti, cukta, lisri, cfika.)
dracydi’u di1 is a theater for performing plays
with theme di2 = dr2 for audience x3 = dr4 with
actors x4 = dr5. (Cf. tsina, tigni.)
dracykei x1 = d1 = k1 is a role-player / player
of role playing game / RPG / LARP or dramatic /
acting game x2 = d5 = k2 about x3 = d2 created
by author/ company x4 = d3 for audience x5 = d4.
(Audience defaults to the players themselves. See
also draci, kelci, dracyselkei.)
dracyselkei x1 = d1 = sk1 is a role-playing
game/ RPG/ LARP or dramatic/ acting game
played by performer(s)/ player(s) x2 = d5 = sk2
about x3 = d2 created by author/ company x4 =
d3 for audience x5 = d4 . (Audience defaults to
the players themselves. See also draci, kelci, dracykei.)
draga’i g1 (event) corrects g2 into g3 = d1, correct in property/aspect x4 = d2 (ka) in situation
x5 = d3 by standard x6 = d4. (Cf. dragau,
draga’igau, drari’a.)
dragau g1 (person/agent) corrects d1. (Cf.
draga’i, drari’a, draga’igau, cusku, fapro, sidju,
madysku.)
drani [dra] x1 is correct/proper/right/perfect in property/aspect
x2 (ka) in situation x3 by standard x4. (See also
srera, mapti.)
drata [dat] x1 isn’t the-same-thing-as/is
different-from/other-than x2 by standard x3; x1 is
something else. (See also mintu, frica.)
drezdn Dresden.
drijdikygau g1 comforts j1 = b1 about b2 (from
badri jdika gasnu)
driomedeida x1 is an albatross [member of the
family Diomedeidae] of species/breed x2
drudi [rud dru] x1 is a roof/top/ceiling/lid
of x2. ((cf. bitmu, stedu, galtu, gapru, loldi,
marbi, gacri, mapku; a drudi is (designed to be)
over/above something and shelters it from other
things above the drudi, mapku))
du’a [FAhA1] location tense relation/direction;
east of.
du’emei [MOI*] quantifier selbri: convert too
many to cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with too many
members x2.
du’eroi [ROI*] tense interval modifier: too
many times objective tense, defaults as time tense.
du’e [PA4] digit/number: too many; subjective.
du’i [BAI] dunli modal, 1st place (equalled by)
equally; as much as ...
du’o [BAI] djuno modal, 1st place (info source)
authoritatively; according to ...; known by ...
du’u [dum] [NU] abstractor: predication/bridi abstractor; x1 is predication [bridi]
expressed in sentence x2.
dugri [dug] x1 is the logarithm of x2 with base
x3. (See also tenfa.)
dujmi’i m1 is a freezer/freezing machine for
freezing x2 = d1 at temperature x3. (Cf. lekmi’i,
dujyku’a, bisli, lenku, kelvo.)
dujricyblu x1 = d1 = c1 is a quantity of amber (fossilized resin) of plants x2 = c2 = t1 (Good
quality amber is used for the manufacture of ornamental objects and jewelry. Although not mineralized, it is often classified as a gemstone. See also
ricyblu.)
dujro’i x1 = d1 = r1 is a fossil of
type/composition/traces x2 = r2 from location
x3 = r3 (Preserved remains or traces of animals,
plants, and other organisms may be expressed as
x2.)
dujyku’a k1 is a cooling room for cooling x2 =
d1 at temperature x3 = d2. (Cf. dujmi’i, lekmi’i.)
dukri’a r1 (event/state) anguishes/causes distress to x2 = d1. (Cf. seldu’u.)
dukse [dus du’e] x1 is an excess of/too
much of x2 by standard x3. (Cloying (= maldu’e,
tolpu’adu’e). See also bancu, banzu, ricfu,
zmadu.)
dukti [dut] x1 is polar opposite
from/contrary to x2 in property/on scale x3
(property/si’o). (See also ranxi, ragve, fatne.)
dunav Danube.
dunda [dud du’a] x1 [donor] gives/donates
gift/present x2 to recipient/beneficiary x3 [without payment/exchange]. (Also grants; x3 is a receiver (= terdu’a for reordered places); the Lojban doesn’t distinguish between or imply possession transfer or sharing; x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a
property; pedantically, for objects/commodities,
this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posydu’a, posyseldu’a for un-
45dzejdasra e’icu’i
ambiguous semantics). See also benji, muvdu,
canja, pleji, vecnu, friti, sfasa, dapma, cnemu,
prali.)
dunja [duj] x1 freezes/jells/solidifies at temperature x2 and pressure x3. (See also febvi, lunsa,
runme, sligu.)
dunku [duk du’u] x1 is anguished/distressed/emotionally
wrought/stressed by x2. (See also fengu, surla.)
dunlei x1 is an equivalence class within x2 de-
fined by equivalence relation x3.
dunli [dun du’i] x1 is equal/congruent
to/as much as x2 in property/dimension/quantity x3. (Same in quantity/quality (not necessarily in identity); ’analogy’
may be expressed as the equivalence of two
properties of similarity (ka x1 simsa x2) and (ka
x3 simsa x4). See also cmavo list du’i, satci, frica,
simsa, mintu.)
dunra [dur] x1 is winter/wintertime [cold
season] of year x2 at location x3. (See also citsi,
crisa, critu, vensa.)
durkuli x1 is a douroucouli of species x2. (see
also smani, kermipri)
dusfri x1 is satiated/overwhelmed by x2 with
property x3 by standard x4; x2 is too much for x1
in property x3 by standard x4. (See also be’unai)
duslirpai p1 is prejudiced about matter p2 (abstract).
dusta’i t1 is exhausted by effort/situation t2
(event).
dutcinse c1 is heterosexual/bisexual in situation c2 by standard c4. (For strict heterosexuality,
see pavdutcinse. Cf. relcinse, mitcinse, nakcinse,
fetcinse.)
dutsinso x1 is the trigonometric cosine of angle/arccosine x2. (Cf. sinso, tanjo, selsinso,
seltanjo, seldutsinso.)
duvma’i x1 is October/tenth month of year x2
in calendar x3. (Note: Based on experimental rafsi
for dau (duv). Use with caution. Alternative:
pavnonma’i)
du [dub du’o] [GOhA] identity selbri; =
sign; x1 identically equals x2, x3, etc.; attached
sumti refer to same thing.
dy [BY2] letteral for d.
dzejdasratrusi’o si1 is a conservative political ideology as applied by t1 = sa1 = d2 =
l2 among/in people/territory/domain t2 based
on the works of thinker si3 (From dzena, lijda,
sarji, turni, sidbo. Cf. dzejdasra, ka’irtrusi’o,
vricykricrutrusi’o, fairpaltrusi’o, guntrusi’o, natpamtrusi’o, tsarainaitrusi’o.)
dzejdasra s1 = d2 = l2 is a conservative in beliefs l3 against opposition s3 by means s4 (From
dzena, lijda, sarji. Cf. vricykricru, dzejdasratrusi’o.)
dzeklu k1 is classical. (Cf. dzena, kulnu, nolzgi.)
dzeko’o s1 = d1 is Celtic in aspect s2.
dzena [dze] x1 is an elder/ancestor of x2 by
bond/tie/degree x3; x1’s generation precedes x2’s
parents. (See also patfu, rirni, tamne.)
dzibi’o b1 = d1 crouches/squats/hunkers
down. (Cf. diklo, binxo, krosa’i, demtse.)
dzipo [zip zi’o] x1 reflects Antarctican culture/nationality/geography in aspect x2. (See
also ketco, friko, sralo, terdi.)
dzip Antarctic Ocean.
dzitogytci x1 is a bass instrument (bass guitar, contrabass, bass horn, keyboard bass, washtub
bass) of type x2 (Possibly also bass drum.)
dzitricu t1 = d1 is a shrub/bush of species t2.
(Cf. demspa, cmatricu.)

nijuuni
yonjuu woah uoa oah

dzizani x1 is tares of species/variety x2. (see
also cicyrismi)
dzuga’a g1 is a walking stick of material g2. (Cf.
cadzu, grana, sarji)
dzuklaji k1 = c2 is a footpath at k2 accessing k3.
(Cf. dargu, pluta, klama.)
dzukla x1 is a walker-come with destination
x2 with starting point x3 with route of going x4
with transportation means -walking limb x5 with
walked on x6.
dzupoi p1 is a procession with participation ordered/sequenced by rules p2. (Cf. cadzu, porsi.)
dzusoi s1 = c1 is a foot/infantry soldier of army
s2. (Cf. cadzu, sonci, xirsoi.)
e’anai [UI*1] attitudinal: permission - prohibition.
e’a [UI1] attitudinal: granting permission - prohibiting. (See also curmi.)
e’enai [UI*1] attitudinal: competence - incompetence/inability.
e’e [UI1] attitudinal: competence - incompetence/inability. (See also kakne, certu.)
e’icu’i [UI*1] attitudinal: feeling constraint -
independence - challenge/resistance against constraint.
46fa’irgau fagytabno
e’inai [UI*1] attitudinal: feeling constraint - independence - challenge/resistance against constraint.
e’i [UI1] attitudinal: feeling constraint - independence - challenge/resistance against constraint. (See also selri’u, seljimte.)
e’onai [UI*1] attitudinal: request - negative request.
e’o [UI1] attitudinal: request - negative request.
(See also cpedu, pikci.)
e’ucu’i [UI*1] attitudinal: suggestion - abandon
suggest - warning.
e’unai [UI*1] attitudinal: suggestion - abandon
suggest - warning.
e’u [UI1] attitudinal: suggestion - abandon suggest - warning. (See also stidi, kajde.)
ebu [BY*] letteral for e.
einai [UI*1] attitudinal: obligation - freedom.
ei [UI1] attitudinal: obligation - freedom. (See
also bilga, zifre.)
enai [A*] logical connective: sumti afterthought x but not y.
enri g1 is g2 henry/henries of inductance (default is 1) by standard g3. (Cf. klanrxenri, klanrvolta, xampo.)
enzima x1 in an enzyme that catalyzes chemical
reactions x2. (Cf. selfusra, sutri’a.)
eris Eris (Cf. jdikyplini.)
ermine x1 is a stoat/ermine of subspecies x2.
(Cf. mustlei, mabrnfuru.)
ernace x1 is a hedgehog of species x2. (see also
jesymabru)
ersokso x1 is a pike of species/breed x2
ertso g1 is g2 hertz of frequency (default is 1) by
standard g3. (Cf. klanrxertsi.)
esperanton Esperanto (Cf. spranto,
bangepu’o.)
estrema x1 is x2 dunams in area by standard
x3 (1000 m2
, except for the Iraqi dunam and the
former Turkish don¨ um.) ¨
estre x1 is an ester derived from acid x2 and alcohol x3 (c.f. xumsle,slami, xalka.)
e [A] logical connective: sumti afterthought
and.
fa’a [FAhA4] location tense relation/direction;
arriving at/directly towards ...
fa’ergau g1 inverts/reverses/turns over f1 into
f3. (Cf. fatne, gasnu.)
fa’e [BAI] fatne modal, 1st place backwards; reverse of ...
fa’irgau g1 reveals to f1 f2 (du’u) about subject/object f3 (from facki gasnu c.f. jarco)
fa’i [VUhU2] unary mathematical operator: reciprocal; multiplicative inverse; [1/a].
fa’orma’o x1 is the terminator of structure originated by selma’o x2 in language x3. (See also
fanmo; cmavo; be’o; boi; do’u; fe’u; fu’o; ge’u;
ke’e; kei; ku; ku’e; ku’o; le’u; li’u; lo’o; lu’u; me’u;
nu’u; se’u; te’u; toi; tu’u; vau; ve’o)
fa’o [FAhO] unconditional end of text; outside
regular grammar; used for computer input.
fa’u [JOI] non-logical connective: respectively;
unmixed ordered distributed association.
facki [fak fa’i] x1 discovers/finds out x2
(du’u) about subject/object x3; x1 finds (fi) x3 (object). (See also cirko, djuno, jijnu, smadi, sisku.)
fadni [fad] x1 [member] is ordinary/common/typical/usual in property x2
(ka) among members of x3 (set). (Also: x2 is
a normal/common/ordinary/typical property
among set x3 (= selterfadni for reordered places);
also regular, (mabla forms:) banal, trite, vulgar;
(x3 is complete set). See also cafne, rirci, kampu,
lakne, tcaci, cnano.)
fagdei x1 is Tuesday of week x2 on calendar x3.
fagjesyspa x1 is firethorn of species/variety x2.
fagju’e j1 is a fender/firescreen for a fireplace
using fuel f2 burning-in/reacting-with oxidizer
f3. (Cf. fagri, julne.)
fagma’a f1=c1 is a volcano projecting from land
mass c2. (Cf. je’erma’a.)
fagri’a r1 kindles f2 in atmosphere f3 under
conditions r3
fagri [fag] x1 is a fire/flame in fuel x2
burning-in/reacting-with oxidizer x3 (default
air/oxygen). (See also jelca, sacki.)
fagycfatci x1 is a tool for starting fire x2. x1 is a
lighter such as for cigarettes. (Cf. sacki.)
fagycpi c1 is a flamingo of species c2. (Cf. fagri,
cipni.)
fagyfesti x1 = fe1 is the ashes of x3 = fa2, combusted by fire x2 = fa1. (Cf. fagyfesyska.)
fagyfesyska s1 is/appears to be of ash
color/hue as perceived/seen by x2 = s3 under
conditions x3 = s4. (Cf. fagyfesti.)
fagyka’u k1 is a spark of fire x2 = f1.
fagystigau g1 extinguishes/puts out fire x2 =
s1 = f1. (Cf. fagysti.)
fagytabno x1 is a quantity of/contains/is made
of charcoal from source x2
47famyma’o fapro
fagytergu’i x1 = g3 is a torch illuminating g2
with fuel x3 = f2 reacting with oxydizer x4 = f3
(default air/oxygen). (Cf. dictergu’i, laktergu’i.)
fagzda z1 is a fireplace/hearth for fuel f2
burning in/reacting with oxidizer f3 (default
air/oxygen). (Cf. fagri, zdani, toknu.)
faidon Fido.
fairbei b1 distributes b2 to b3 from b4 over path
b5. b1 is a distributor. (Cf. benji, mrilu, xatra,
tcana.)
faircu’u c1 is/are a/the function/activities involving persons c2 distributing f1 among/to f2;
c1 is distribution (C.f. fatri, cuntu, selvensro,
terzbasro, vencu’u, zbacu’u, dintrocu’u, dinveicu’u. In a company, this may be referred to as
logistics or channel management.)
fairgau g1 [person/agent] distributes/allots/allocates/shares f1 among f2
with shares/portions f3. (Cf. fatri, gasnu.)
fairpaltrusi’o s1 is a socialist ideology as applied by t1 in/among people/territory/domain
t2 = f2 based on the works of thinker s3
(From fatri, prali, turni, sidbo. Cf. sivypo’eci’e,
ka’irtrusi’o, dzejdasratrusi’o, vricykricrutrusi’o,
guntrusi’o, natpamtrusi’o, tsarainaitrusi’o.)
fairprali p1 = f 1 is/are the profit/dividends
shared/distributed from the earnings of company/corporation/firm p2 among f2 with
shares/portions f3. (Cf. fatri, prali, ra’erprali,
posyselfai, dejyterze’a.)
fai [FA] sumti place tag: tag a sumti moved out
of numbered place structure; used in modal conversions.
falbu’u b1 is a parachute of type/material b2.
(Cf. bukfa’u, bukyvoi, vofli, santa.)
falcru c1 (agent) drops f1 to f2 from f3.
falgau g1 makes f1 fall. (Cf. farlu, gasnu, cirko,
renro)
falkoni x1 is a falcon (genus ’falco’). (see cipnrfalko)
falnu [fan] x1 is a sail for gathering propelling material x2 on vehicle/motor x3. (Waterwheel (= jacfanxi’u). See also bloti.)
fampi’i x1 is the factorial of x2. (See also ne’o)
famsku c1 (agent) concludes by expressing/saying c2 = f1 for/to audience c3 via expressive medium c4 concluding f2. (From fanmo,
cusku. Cf. mulno, lojycpa, ni’i, ja’o.)
famti x1 is an aunt/uncle of x2 by bond/tie x3;
x1 is an associated member of x2’s parent’s generation. (See also bruna, mamta, mensi, patfu, rirni,
tamne.)
famyma’o c1 is a terminator of class/part-ofspeech c2 in language c3.
fanbu’u b1 is canvas of material b2. (Cf. falnu,
bukpu, marnybu’u)
fancu x1 is a function/single-valued mapping
from domain x2 to range x3 defined by expression/rule x4. (See also mekso, bridi.)
fange x1 is alien/foreign/[exotic]/unfamiliar
to x2 in property x3 (ka). (See also cizra, jbena,
ckini.)
fanjacta’o t1=d1=f1 is a windsurfingboard
of material/property t2. (From tanbo, djacu,
falnu (f2, f3 subsumed). See also sufingboard
(=bonjacta’o), kitesurfingboard (=volfanjacta’o),
wakesurfingboard (=blobonjacta’o).)
fankla k1 sails to destination k2 from origin k3
via route k4 on sailing vehicle k5 = f3. (Cf. voikla.)
fanmo [fam fa’o] x1 is an
end/finish/termination of thing/process x2;
[not necessarily implying completeness]. (x1 is
final/last/at the last; x1 is a terminal/terminus of
x2; x1 is the final/terminated state of terminated
process x2; x2 terminates/ceases/stops/halts at
x1 (= selfa’o for reordered places). See also krasi,
cfari, mulno, sisti, denpa, jipno, kojna, traji, krasi.)
fanri x1 is a factory/foundry/industrial
plant/mill producing x2 from materials x3. (See
also molki, gundi.)
fanrygundi g1 is a/the manufacturing industry/sector, manufacturing/processing g2 = f2 at
factories/plants f1 from materials f3 using process
g3 (From fanri, gundi. )
fanrypanka p1 is an industrial park managed by community/polity/company p2 for factories/plants producing f2. (Cf. fanri, panka, zacpanka, zdipanka, gubypanka, kagnypanka.)
fanta x1 prevents/keeps/stops/restrains/constrains
event x2 from occurring. (See also pinfu, bandu,
zunti, rinju, jimte, bapli, rivbi.)
fanva x1 translates text/utterance x2 to language x3 from language x4 with translation result
x5. (See also cusku, bangu.)
fanza [faz] x1 (event) annoys/irritates/bothers/distracts x2. (Also: is
disruptive to. See also fengu, raktu, dicra, tunta,
zunti, jicla.)
fapro [fap pro] x1 opposes/balances/contends against opponent(s)
48fatka’e fe’eba’o
x2 (person/force ind./mass) about x3 (abstract).
(Also resists. See also bandu, bradi, darlu, damba,
jivna, lanxe, rivbi, sarji, xarnu.)
farcri c1 gets lost on the way to f2 (object/event)
in/near f3 = c3 (from farna cirko)
fardukti x1=d1 is the opposite direction from
x3=f3 that x2=f2 is.
fargau g1 = f3 aims at f1 with f2 (object/event).
(x3 can be x1 itself or an extra object/event such as
”weapon”, ”effort”, etc. Cf. farna.)
farja’o j1 shows the direction of f2 (object/event) to audience j3 from origin/in frame of
reference f3 (Cf. farsni, degja’o.)
farlu [fal fa’u] x1 falls/drops to x2 from
x3 in gravity well/frame of reference x4. (Note:
things can fall in spin, thrust, or tide as well as
gravity; (agentive ”drop” = one of two lujvo: falcru and falri’a). See also lafti, cpare, klama, sfubu.)
farna [far fa’a] x1 is the direction of x2 (object/event) from origin/in frame of reference x3.
(x2 is towards x1 from x3 (= selfa’a for reordered
places). See also zunle, pritu, galtu, gapru, cnita,
dizlo, berti, snanu, stuna, stici, purci, balvi, lidne.)
farsni s1 = f3 non-agentively/inanimately
points at/directionally indicates s2 = f2 to observer s3 as being in the direction f1. (Direction
(i.e. x4) is relative to the x1 place. Cf. farja’o,
degja’o.)
farvi [fav] x1 develops/evolves towards/into x2 from x3 through stages x4.
(See also pruce, banro, makcu, ciste, cupra, ferti.)
fasko’o s1 = f1 reflects Breton culture/language in aspect s2 = f2.
fasnu [fau] x1 (event) is an event that
happens/occurs/takes place; x1 is an incident/happening/occurrence. ((cf. cmavo list fau,
krefu, lifri, fatci, rapli; gasnu, zukte, if specifically
agentive, banli))
fasnyvla v1 is a verb meaning v2 in language v3.
(Cf. fasnu, valsi, gasnu)
fasybau f1 = b1 is the French language used
by b2 to express/communicate b3 (si’o/du’u, not
quote). (Cf. fraso, bangu, banfuru’a.)
fasygu’e g1 = f1 is the country of France. (Cf.
fraso, gugde, gugdefuru.)
fatci [fac] x1 (du’u) is a
fact/reality/truth/actuality, in the absolute.
(See also datni, jitfa, sucta, xanri, jetnu, fasnu,
zasti, cfika, saske.)
fatka’e f1 = k1 [sequence] is able to be / capable
of being reversed from / into sequence f2 by event
k2 under conditions k3 (event / state). (From fatne
+ kakne.)
fatne [fat fa’e] x1 [sequence] is in reverse
order from x2 [sequence]; x1 (object) is inverted
from x2 (object). (Also opposite (one sense). See
also cmavo list fa’e, dukti.)
fatpo’a s1 implodes into
pieces/energy/fragments s2.
fatri [fai] x1 is distributed/allotted/allocated/shared among x2
with shares/portions x3; (x2/x3 fa’u). (Also
spread, shared out, apportioned; agentive distribution (= fairgau, fairzu’e). See also cmavo list
fa’u, fendi, preja, katna, tcana.)
fatysaclu x1 (me’o) is the p-adic representation
of number x2 in base x3. (can be infinitely long
to the left but not the right; for repeating p-adics
(krefu fatysaclu) use ra’e before pi)
faurtei f1 is an event that has time/temporal
duration t1 ranging from starting time/event t2 to
ending time/event t3. (Made from fasnu + temci.)
fau [BAI] fasnu modal, 1st place (non-causal) in
the event of ...
favgau g1 develops f1 into f2 from f3 through
stages f4.
favytcini t1 is a developmental / evolutionary
stage / state of t2 = f1 in its development towards
/ into f2 from f3 through stages f4. (First place
is intended for things like software version numbers. See also favytcinymupli (which is how you
talk about actual things that have a version associated with them). Made from farvi + tcini.)
favytcinymupli m1 is an example/instance of
developmental/evolutionary stage/state m2 = t1
of developing thing t2 = f1 in its development towards/into f2 from f3 through stages f4 = m3.
(Someone causing the development is neither implied nor denied; hence this word can be used
both for Darwinian evolution and software development. Made from favytcini + mupli.)
fazyta’a t1 chatters/gossips to t2 = f2 about
subject t3 in language t4.
fa [FA] sumti place tag: tag 1st sumti place.
fe’a [VUhU3] binary mathematical operator:
nth root of; inverse power [a to the 1/b power].
fe’eba’o [ZAhO*] location event contour tense:
perfective in space; beyond the place of ...
49fegri’a fepri
fe’eca’o [ZAhO*] location event contour tense:
continuative in space; throughout the place of ...
fe’eco’a [ZAhO*] location event contour tense:
initiative in space; on this edge of ...
fe’eco’i [ZAhO*] location event contour tense:
achievative in space; at the point of ...
fe’emo’u [ZAhO*] location event contour tense:
completive in space; at the far end of ...
fe’enoroi [ROI*] location tense interval modi-
fier: never in space; objectively quantified tense.
fe’epu’o [ZAhO*] location event contour tense:
anticipative in space; up to the edge of ...
fe’eroroi [ROI*] location tense interval modi-
fier: always in space; objectively quantified tense.
fe’eza’o [ZAhO*] location event contour tense:
superfective in space; continuing too far beyond ...
fe’e [FEhE] mark space interval distributive aspects; labels interval tense modifiers as locationoriented.
fe’i [VUhU1] n-ary mathematical operator: divided by; division operator; [(((a / b) / c) / ...)].
fe’o [COI] vocative: over and out (end discussion).
fe’ucmo c1 = f1 growls/snarls/roars c2 [nonlinguistic utterence] in anger at f2 for f3 (action/state/property). (Cf. fengu, cmoni, fegba’u,
capsidba’u.)
fe’u [FEhU] elidable terminator: end nonce
conversion of selbri to modal; usually elidable.
febgau g1 (person/agent) boils x2 = f1 at temperature x3 = f2 and pressure x4 = f3. (Note that
this means simply to evaporate a liquid; to cook
something by boiling is febjukpa. Also c.f. jukpa,
djacu, ladru, cidja, patxu.)
febjukpa x1 = j1 cooks/prepares food-foreating x2 = j2 by sitting it in boiling liquid x3 = f1
at temperature x4 = f2 and pressure x5 = f3
febvi [feb] x1 boils/evaporates at temperature x2 and pressure x3. (Roil (= febjicla). See also
dunja, lunsa, runme.)
fegba’u b1 = f1 roars/snarls/growls angrily atterance b2 at f2 because of f3 (action/state/property). (Cf. fengu, bacru, capsidba’u, fe’ucmo.)
fegmliba’u m1 = f1 = b1 grumbles with sound
b2 at f2 because of f3 (action/state/property). (jvajvo definition; Gismu deep structure is ”milxe le ka
fengu kei gi’e bacru”)
fegmli m1 = f1 is irritated/[mildly angry] at f2
for f3 (action/state/property). (Cf. fengu, milxe.)
fegri’a r1 (event) angers f1. (Cf. fengu, rinka)
fegycau f1 = c1 is without anger/mild/meek
regarding f2 for f3 (action/state/property).
fei [PA2] digit/number: hex digit B (decimal
11) [eleven].
felma’i x1 is November/eleventh month of year
x2 in calendar x3. (Note: Based on experimental
rafsi for fei (fel). Use with caution. Alternative:
pavypavma’i)
femti [fem] x1 is 10
15
of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). (See also grake,
mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo,
gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, gigdo, gocti,
gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso,
picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro)
fendi [fed] x1 (agent) divides/partitions/separates x2 into sections/parts/ind. x3 by method/partition x4.
(Also segments. See also sepli, bitmu, fatri, dilcu,
katna, frinu.)
fengidmo’a m1 is a sewing pattern of forms m2
according to structure m3.
fengu [feg fe’u] x1 is angry/mad at x2
for x3 (action/state/property). (See also fanza,
dunku.)
fenki [fek] x1 (action/event) is
crazy/insane/mad/frantic/in a frenzy (one
sense) by standard x2. (See also bebna, racli,
xajmi.)
fenra [fer fe’a] x1 is a
crack/fissure/pass/cleft/ravine/chasm/[defect/flaw]
[shape/form] in x2. (See also kevna, cfila, jinto.)
fenso [fen fe’o] x1 sews/stitches/sutures
materials x2 (ind./set) together with tool(s) x3, using filament x4. ((x2 if a set must be a complete
specification); See also cilta, jivbu, jorne, nivji, pijne, lasna.)
fepni [fep fei] x1 is measured in
kopeck/cent money-subunits as x2 [quantity], in
monetary system x3. (Also pfennig, paisa, sen,
fen, dinar, etc.; x1 is generally a price/cost/value.
(additional secondary, tertiary, etc. subunit places
may be added as x4, x5, x6, ...); See also sicni, jdini,
jdima, vecnu, rupnu, dekpu, gutci, minli, merli,
bunda, kramu.)
fepri x1 is a/the lung [body-part] of x2;
[metaphor: breathing/respiratory apparatus/bellows]. (Also (adjective:) x1 is pulmonary.
See also pambe, vasxu.)
50

e gojuu
fetspe filmau
fepsi’i s1 is a cent coin issued by s2 in monetary
system f3.
fertis x1 is Virgo [constellation/astrological
sign]. (From ferti. The Greeks and Romans
associated Virgo with their goddess of wheat,
Demeter-Ceres who is the mother of ProserpinaPersephone. For this reason the constellation became associated with fertility (in both Babylonia,
Greece and Rome). Alternatively, she was sometimes identified as the virgin goddess Iustitia or
Astraea, holding the scales of justice in her hand
as the constellation Libra. Since ferti in lojban covers both potential and actual/realized fertility, the
original meaning of the constellation have been
chosen, but you could probably still interpret the
name in both senses (as a deity of fecundity or as
a fertile virgin).)
ferti [fre] x1 is fertile/conducive for supporting the growth/development of x2; x1 is fruitful/prolific. (Also fecund (note that the Lojban
covers both potential and actual/realized fertility). See also vanbi, sidju, rorci, farvi, banro,
cange.)
fesli’a x1 = f2 = c1 abandons / forsakes /
leaves behind x2 = f1 = c2 (Cf. festi, cliva, tolcpa, radycru.)
festi [fes] x1(s) is/are waste product(s) [left
to waste] by x2 (event/activity). (Also shit, crap;
agentive wasting (= fesygau, fesyzu’e). See also
xaksu, kalci, pinca.)
fetcei c1 is a goddess of people(s)/religion c2
with dominion over c3 [sphere]. (Cf. fetsi, cevni,
lijda, krici, censa, malsi)
fetcinse c1 is gynophilous/bisexual/straight
male/lesbian in situation c2 by standard c4. (This
word is only about sexual interest in females; other
sexual interests are irrelevant. Cf. nakcinse, fetfetcinse, mitcinse, dutcinse.)
fetfetcinse c1 = f1 is female and
gynophilous/gay/bisexual in situation c2 by
standard c4 (This word is about female homosexuality and bisexuality. See also fetcinse,
naknakcinse, mitcinse, relcinse.)
fetnalspe f1 = n1 is an unmarried woman under law/custom/tradition s3. (Cf. nalspe, naknalspe, specfari’i, bavyspe, pruspe.)
fetpinji p1 is the clitoris of p2. (Cf. fetsi, pinji,
nakpinji, vibna, vlagi, plibu)
fetsi [fet fe’i] x1 is a female/doe of
species x2 evidencing feminine trait(s) x3 (ka); x1
is feminine. (See also nakni.)
fetspe x1 is a wife of x2 (spouse) according to
marriage tradition/custom/law x3. (Cf. nakspe,
pruspe, bavyspe, specfari’i.)
fetydzetru t1 is a matriarch of people/territory/domain/subjects t2. (Cf. nakydzetru, nolkantru.)
fetyganti x1 is an ovary of x2. (Cf. sovda, gletu,
gutra.)
fe [FA] sumti place tag: tag 2nd sumti place.
fi’a [FA] sumti place tag: place structure number/tag question.
fi’ecti c1 is a fish-eater of fish species f2. (Cf.
finpe, citka, re’ucti, stagycti.)
fi’e [BAI] finti modal, 1st place (creator) created
by ...
fi’inai [COI*] vocative: hospitality - inhospitality.
fi’i [COI] vocative: hospitality - inhospitality;
you are welcome/ make yourself at home.
fi’orxruki xr1 is a guineafowl of species/breed
xr2
fi’o [FIhO] convert selbri to nonce
modal/sumti tag.
fi’ure [PA*] half. (synonym pimu; see also
xadba)
fi’urgau g1 [person/agent] confuses c1
(event/state) for c2 [observer] due to [confusing] property c3 (ka).
fi’u [PA3] digit/number: fraction slash; default
”/n” =¿ 1/n, ”n/” =¿ n/1, or ”/” alone =¿ golden
ratio.
ficybi’o b1 becomes different/changes/transforms from f2 in property/dimension/quantity f3 under conditions b3.
(Cf. frica, binxo.)
figre [fig] x1 is a fig [fruit/tree] of
species/strain x2. (See also grute.)
fikcku cu1 = cf1 is a fictional book about
plot/theme/subject cf1 by author cu3 = cf3 for
audience cu4 preserved in medium cu5. (Cf. lisycku, ctucku, tadycku, ckusro, cesysku.)
filcina x1 is a fern of family/genus/species x2.
filgau g1 [person/agent] causes f1 to be easy for
f2 under condition(s) f3. (Cf. frili, gasnu, filri’a,
sutygau, sutri’a.)
filmau z1 = f1 (action) is easier than z2 (action)
for x3 = f2 (agent) by amount z4 under conditions
x5 = f3.
51fipma’i flari’a
filri’a r1 [event/state] causes f1 to be easy for
f2 under condition(s) f3. (Cf. frili, rinka, filgau,
sutri’a, sutygau.)
filselga’e g2 = f1 is apparent to g1 via perceptual/cognitive faculty g3. (x3 includes reason or
critical thinking skills as well as discrete biological
organs such as eyes or ears. Cf. frili, sapselga’e,
sampu, klina.)
filseljmi f1=sj1 (du’u) is an easy to understand/clear fact/truth to f2=sj2 about subject sj3
under conditions f4.
filsmu s1 is easily understood/interpreted as
the meaning of s2 by (agent) s3=f2 under conditions f3. (From frili+smuni. The x1 of frili is subsumed into the overall sense of the word. See also:
filseljmi, klina.)
filso [fis] x1 reflects Palestinian culture/nationality in aspect x2. (See also jordo,
xebro.)
filta’a t1 = f2 speaks fluently to t2 about subject
t3 in language t4 under conditions f3. (Cf. frili,
tavla.)
finfriti fr1 = fi1 dedicates invention/creation/composition/work fr2 = fi2
to fr3 with conditions fr4.
finpe [fip fi’e] x1 is a fish of species
x2 [metaphorical extension to sharks, non-fish
aquatic vertebrates]. (See also danlu.)
finprtruto x1 is a trout of species/breed x2
finprvandeli x1 is a candiru of species/variety ´
x2. (syn. kandiru, pincyfi’e; see also latfi’e)
finprxipoglosu x1 is a halibut of species x2.
(syn. polgosu; see also flundero, cucyzbefi’e,
mlafi’e)
finti [fin fi’i] x1 invents/creates/composes/authors x2 for function/purpose x3 from existing elements/ideas
x4. (x1 is creative/inventive. See also cmavo list
fi’e, ciska, pemci, zbasu, larcu, specific works of
authorship, prosa, skina.)
fiorso x1 is an aspect of / a part of The Force
connecting / within x2 (No attempt at good fu’ivla
making was harmed in the creation of this word.)
fipcange c1 is a fish farm at c2, farmed by c3,
raising/producing fish species x4 = f2.
fipfepri fi1 is a gill of fish fe2 = fi1 of species
x3 = fi2. (See also fipybirka, fipyrebla for other
fish-body related words.)
fipkalte x1 fishes for fish species x2. (see also
finpe, genxu, xlura)
fipma’i x1 is March of year x2 in calendar x3.
(Cf. cibmasti, kanbyma’i, nanca.)
fipybirka b1 is a fin of fish x2 = f1 of species
x3 = f2. (Cf. fipyrebla, fipfepri, limna’i.)
fipygundi g1 is a/the fisheries industry/sector
producing fish products g2 from fish species f2 by
process g3 (Cf. finpe, gundi, nunjacycrepu. Omit
f1.)
fipyrebla r1 is the tail fin of fish r2 = f1 of
species x3 = f2. (Cf. limna.)
firgai g1 is a mask covering the face of g2 = f2.
firkre k1 is the beard/moustace/facial hair of
f2 = k2.
firti’oxra p1 is a silhouette of f1 made by p3 in
medium p4.
fitytoltu’i x1 rejects x2 (offer, suggestion, proposal) from x3.
fitytu’i x1 accepts x2 (an offer/suggestion) from
x3. (Cf. friti, tugni, cpazau, radji’i, zarcpa.)
fi [FA] sumti place tag: tag 3rd sumti place.
flacau c1 = f3 [lacks law]/[is lawless with regard to] law(s) f1 specifying f2 (state/event) under conditions f4 by lawgiver(s) f5; c1 = f3 is lawless. (Cf. flalu, claxu.)
flacfatrugri g1 = t1 is the Lower House/House
of Representatives/House of Commons for territory t2 with members g3 = f5. (Cf. flalu, cfari,
turni, girzu, flazautrugri, truci’e, zuktruci’e, flatruci’e, pairtruci’e, vajraifla. )
flalu [fla] x1 is a law specifying x2
(state/event) for community x3 under conditions x4 by lawgiver(s) x5. (x1 is a legality; x2
is legal/licit/legalized/a legality (= selfla for
reordered places). See also javni, ritli, zekri, pulji,
tinbe.)
flanaltinbe t1 is an outlaw not following the law
t2 made by t3.
flani x1 is a flute/pipe/fife/recorder [flutelike/air-reed musical instrument]. (See also
zgike.)
flanrdizi x1 is a dizi. (Cf. flani, pinflani, zgica’a.)
flapaizda z1 is a judicial court administering
lawsuit p2 = f2 for community f3. (Cf. zdani,
pajni, flalu.)
flapro fa1 rebels against/opposes law fl1,
which specifies fl2 (state/event) for community
fl3 under conditions fl4 by lawgiver(s) fl5.
flari’a r1 = f5 enacts r2 = f1
(law/legislation/treaties/act) for community
52fo’o fraso
f3 under condition r3 = f4. (x1 is usually a
national parliament.)
flaselgu’e g2 is a/are citizen(s) of country g1 according to law f1 specifying f2 (state/event) for
community f3. (From flalu, gugde. Cf. flaxa’u.)
flatruci’e c1 = t1 = f5 is the legislative branch of the government of people/territory/domain/subjects t2. (Cf. flalu,
turni, ciste, truci’e, zuktruci’e, pairtruci’e, flacfatrugri, flazautrugri, vajraifla.)
flaume x1 is a plum of variety x2. (see also persika, rutrprunu)
flaxa’u x1 is a/are legal resident(s) of location/country x2 according to law f1 specifying
f2 (state/event) for community f3. (From flalu,
xabju. Cf. flaselgu’e.)
flazautrugri g1 = t1 is the Upper
House/Senate/House of Lords for territory
t2 with members g3 = f5 = z3. (Cf. flalu,
zanru, turni, girzu, flacfatrugri, truci’e, zuktruci’e,
flatruci’e, pairtruci’e, vajraifla. )
flecarvi c1 pours/intensely rains to c2 from c3.
flecu [fle] x1 is a current/flow/river of/in
x2 flowing in direction to/towards x3 from direction/source x4. ([x1 is a stream of x2; x2 is a
fluid Gas or liquid. (= selfle for reordered places);
x1 flushes toward x3; flush (= caifle, sukfle)]; See
also rirxe, senta where no directionality is implied,
rinci, xampo, dikca, sakci, gapci, litki, ciblu.)
fliba [fli] x1 fails at doing x2 (state/event);
x1 is a failure at its role in x2. (Baffled (= pesfli,
jmifli, dafspufli, menfli, among other senses); also
x2 ceases/does not complete/fails to continue due
to failure on the part of x1. See also cfila, snada,
srera, troci, sisti, ranji, denpa, bebna, zunti.)
flira [fir] x1 is a/the face [head/body-part]
of x2; (adjective:) x1 is facial. (See also sefta, stedu,
crane, mebri.)
flixru x1 bounces x2 back to x3 from x4 because
of failure x5.
flubisli b1 = f1 is an iceberg floating on f2 (water, sea etc.).
flundero x1 is a flounder of species x2. (Cf.
mlafi’e.)
fo’a [fo’a] [KOhA4] pro-sumti:
he/she/it/they #6 (specified by goi).
fo’e [fo’e] [KOhA4] pro-sumti:
he/she/it/they #7 (specified by goi).
fo’i [fo’i] [KOhA4] pro-sumti:
he/she/it/they #8 (specified by goi).
fo’o [KOhA4] pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #9
(specified by goi).
fo’u [KOhA4] pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #10
(specified by goi).
foi [FOI] terminator: end composite lerfu;
never elidable.
foldi [flo foi] x1 is a field [shape/form] of
material x2; x1 is a broad uniform expanse of x2.
(Also woods (= ricfoi), lawn/meadow (= sasfoi),
brush (= spafoi, cicyspafoi). See also purdi, cange.)
foldota x1 is a pangolin of species/breed x2.
(Cf. mabru, manti, mudyctijalra.)
fomcau x1 is foamless/unleavened. (see also
nanbrmatsa, fomymledi)
fomke’acirla c1 is a quantity/contains Swiss
cheese/cheese with holes from source c2. (Cf. xelveto, xelvetik, ladru.)
fomsle s1 is a bubble of material f2 filled with
f3.
fomvanju v1 is made of/contains/is a quantity of sparkling wine from fruit/grapes v2. (Cf.
fonmo, vanju, risyvanju, xalka, jikru, birje, uiski,
campania, vo’otka, koinka.)
fomymledi x1 is yeast of species x2 growing on
x3. (see also nanba, birje, vanju)
fonjudri j1 is a telephone number of j2.
fonmo [fom fo’o] x1 is a quantity of
foam/froth/suds of material x2, with bubbles/vacuoles of material x3. (See also zbabu.)
fonta’a t1 talks on the phone to t2 about t3 in
language t4.
fonxa [fon] x1 is a telephone
transceiver/modem attached to system/network
x2. (See also tcana.)
fonynoi n1 is an answering machine/voice mail
message about n2 from n3 to n4.
forca [fro] x1 is a fork/fork-type tool/utensil
for purpose x2 with tines/prongs x3 on
base/support x4. (See also dakfu, smuci, komcu,
tutci.)
fo [FA] sumti place tag: tag 4th sumti place.
fragari x1 is a strawberry of species/breed x2.
(Cf. frambesi, grute, jbari, rozgu.)
fraksino x1 is an ash of species/variety x2.
frambesi x1 is a blackberry/raspberry/bramble
of species x2. (Cf. fragari, grute, jbari, rozgu.)
frangula x1 is a buckthorn of species/variety
x2.
fraso [fas] x1 reflects French/Gallic culture/nationality/language in aspect x2. (See also
53fu’au fulta
ropno.)
frati [fra] x1 reacts/responds/answers with
action x2 to stimulus x3 under conditions x4; x1
is responsive. (x3 stimulates x1 into reaction x2, x3
stimulates reaction x2 (= terfra for place reordering); attempt to stimulate, prod (= terfratoi, tunterfratoi). See also preti, danfu, spuda, cpedu, tarti.)
fraxu [fax] x1 forgives x2 for
event/state/activity x3. (See also dunda, curmi,
zungi.)
frebuari x1 is February in year x2 on calendar x3
fregau g1 (person/agent) fertilises g2 = f1 for
supporting the growth/development of x3 = f2.
frica [fic] x1 differs/is distinct
from/contrasts with/is unlike x2 in property/dimension/quantity x3. (Also other-than
(less common meaning). See also ranxi, drata,
dunli, simsa, vrici.)
frigau x1 makes x2 undergo experience x3; x1
treats x2 in manner x3.
friko [fi’o] x1 reflects African culture/nationality/geography in aspect x2. (See
also ropno, xazdo.)
frikytu’a f1 = t1 is Africa (from friko
tumla c.f.zdotu’a rontu’a tcotu’a sralytu’a bemtu’a
ziptu’a)
frili [fil] x1 (action) is easy/simple/facile
for x2 (agent) under conditions x3; x2 does x1
freely/easily. (See also nandu, sampu, zifre.)
frinu x1 is a fraction, with numerator x2, denominator x3 (x2/x3). (See also parbi, dilcu,
mekso, fendi.)
frinyna’u n1is a rational/fractional number.
friti [fit] x1 offers/proffers x2 [offering] to x3
with conditions x4. ((x4 may be nu canja, nu pleji,
etc.; an unconditional offering has the ’condition’
of acceptance); x2 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for objects/commodities, this is sumtiraising from ownership of the object/commodity
(= posfriti, posyselfriti for unambiguous semantics). See also canja, dunda, rinsa, vecnu, jdima,
cnemu, pleji, vitke.)
frufengalu x1 is a bandersnatch of species x2
frufra fru1 = fra1 frowns/grimaces at/in reaction to fra3.
frumu [fru] x1 frowns/grimaces (facial expression). (x1 frowns/grimaces at/in reaction to
x2 (= frufra). See also cmila, cisma.)
4 fu’au [UI3] discursive: luckily - not pertaining to luck - unluckily. (Expresses fortune/misfortune of the speaker. Use dai to express
fortune/misfortune of the listener. See also funca.)
fu’a [FUhA] reverse Polish mathematical expression (mex) operator flag.
4 fu’ei [FUhE] begin within-context quote that
need not be grammatical; terminated by fu’oi (see
also fu’oi)
fu’esku c1 blames/holds responsible/accuses
f1 for action/state f2 from authority f3 to audience c3 with expression medium c4. (Cf. i’anai.)
fu’e [FUhE] begin indicator long scope.
fu’inai [UI*5] attitudinal modifier: easy - diffi-
cult.
fu’ivla x1 = v1 = f1 is a loanword meaning x2 =
v2 in language x3 = v3, based on word x4 = f2 in
language x5. (See also zi’evla, le’avla.)
fu’i [UI5] attitudinal modifier: easy - difficult.
(See also frili.)
4 fu’oi [FUhO] terminates scope started with
fu’ei (see also fu’ei)
fu’o [FUhO] end indicator long scope; terminates scope of all active indicators.
fu’u [VUhU0] n-ary mathematical operator:
elliptical/unspecified mathematical expression
(mex) operator.
fukpi [fuk fu’i] x1 is a
copy/replica/duplicate/clone of x2 in
form/medium x3 made by method x4 (event).
(See also krefu, rapli, gidva.; Borrowing
(=fu’ivla).)
fukpu’i f4 = p1 pastes (during editing) f2 = p2
from f3. (Cf. fukpi, punji, fukra’e, vicra’e.)
fukra’e f4 = r1 copies (during editing) f2 = r2
from f3. (Cf. fukpi, ralte, vicra’e, fukpu’i.)
fuksnacpi c1 = s2 is a mockingbird of species c2
which produces sound s1 that is a copy of f2. (Cf.
fukpi, sance, cipni.)
fukyzifpo’e f1 = z1 = p1 holds the copyright
for copying f2 = p2 under law p3. (”Copyright”
itself might be ”si’o fukzifypo’e”.
If you are actually translating something with
a copyright notice, you should leave the notice in
the original language.)
fultapla t1 = f1 is a raft of material t2 shape t3
floating on f2. (Cf. bloti, greblo.)
fulta [ful flu] x1 (passive) floats on/in fluid
(gas/liquid) x2; x1 is buoyant. (See also limna,
bloti, sakli.)
54ga’i galgau
funca [fun fu’a] x1 (event/property) is determined by the luck/fortune of x2; (note
mabla/zabna not implied). (See also cunso,
mabla, zabna.)
funjdi j1 decides/makes a decision j2 (du’u)
about j3, whose outcome is determined by luck.
(Cf. funca, jdice.)
furfipsanso sa1 is fish sauce for use with sa2,
containing ingredients including sa3. (Cf. kukfusra, tsapi, silna, sobysanso.)
furfuru x1 is dandruff in/on x2 caused by x3.
furtirse t1 = f1 is a quantity of/contains/is
made of rust. (Cf. fusra, tirse.)
fusra [fur] x1 rots/decays/ferments
with decay/fermentation agent x2; x1 is rotten/decayed/fermented. (See also birje, vanju,
vifne.)
fuzme [fuz fu’e] x1 is responsible/accountable for x2 (action/resulting state) to
judge/authority x3. (See also bilga.)
fuzraikamni k1 = t1 = f1 is the board of directors/trustees of k3. (Cf. fuzme, traji, kamni, fuzrai,
trokamni.)
fuzrai t1 = f 1 is a director/trustee on the board
of directors/trustees of f2. (Cf. traji, fuzme,
fuzraikamni, kagnytruralju, kagnyja’a.)
fu [FA] sumti place tag: tag 5th sumti place.
fy [BY2] letteral for f.
ga’arboijvi j1 plays baseball against j2 in competition j3 for prize/title j4. (Cf. grana, bolci,
jivna, ga’arboiterjvi, kriketi, krokete.)
ga’arboiterjvi j3 is a baseball match/game with
j1 playing/competing against j2 for prize/title j4.
(From grana, bolci, jivna. Cf. ga’arboijvi, kriketi.)
ga’arpatlu x1 is a french-fried potato of variety/cultivar x2 cooked in fat/oil x3
ga’avro v1 is a grate between v2 and v3 of material g2 = x4.
ga’a [BAI] zgana modal, 1st place to observer ...
; witnessed by ...
ga’ezga g1=z1 perceives z2 to have quality g2 by
means/sense g3=z3 under conditions g4=z4.
ga’e [BY1] upper-case letteral shift.
ga’icu’i [UI*5] attitudinal modifier/honorific:
hauteur - equal rank - meekness; used with one
of equal rank.
ga’inai [UI*5] attitudinal modifier/honorific:
hauteur - equal rank - meekness; used with one
of higher rank.
ga’i [UI5] attitudinal modifier/honorific: hauteur - equal rank - meekness; used with one of
lower rank. (See also gapru, cnita.)
ga’orgau gas1 shuts gan1, preventing passage/access to gan2 by gan3. (Cf. ganlo, pluta,
klama, klina, stela.)
ga’o [GAhO] closed interval bracket marker;
mod. intervals in non-logical connectives; include
boundaries.
ga’u [FAhA2] location tense relation/direction;
upwards/up from ...
gacri [gai] x1 is a cover/[lid/top] for covering/concealing/sheltering x2. (See also pilka,
gapru, marbi, drudi, ve botpi, bitmu, calku.)
gadri [gad] x1 is an article/descriptor labelling description x2 (text) in language x3 with
semantics x4. (x2 is the noun phrase/sumti without the article/descriptor; description ((x1 with
x2) = gadysu’i); note: ’determiner’ has become
the accepted general linguistics term, displacing
’article’; however, ’determiner’ includes all words
that can introduce a noun phrase/sumti, whether
a description or not, such as pronoun possessives
like lemi, quantifiers (especially in indefinites) like
ci and su’o, and demonstratives like ti, ta, and
tu; the term ’descriptor’ in Lojban, is limited to
words that introduce descriptions (excluding indefinites), such as those of selma’o LA and LE,
their common compounds such as lemi, and possibly lenu. ’article’ typically refers only to a single
word; Lojban assumes the broader meaning] See
also valsi, cmavo.)
gairgau gas1 puts cover gac1 on gac2. (Cf. gacri,
gasnu.)
gairjaudu’e d1 = g1 is a flood covering g2. (Cf.
gacri, djacu, dukse.)
gai [PA2] digit/number: hex digit C (decimal
12) [twelve].
galbirka g1 = b1 is a forearm of b2. (Cf. birka.)
galcatlu c1 looks up at c2 = g1. (Cf. gapru,
catlu.)
galfi [gaf ga’i] x1 (event) modi-
fies/alters/changes/transforms/converts x2
into x3. (Causal, resultative change; agentive
modification (= gafygau, gafyzu’e). (cf. stika for
non-resultative, binxo for not-necessarily causal
change, cenba for non-resultative change; zasni))
galgau gas1 elevates/raises gal1 by height reference gal2 and height standard gal3.
55ganti gasta
galmu’u m1 rises to m2 = g1 from origin m3 =
g3 via path m4. (Cf. muvdu, galtu, klama, gapru,
sa’irbi’o, tolfa’u.)
galraipau p1 = g1 = t1 is the top (uppermost
part) of p2. (Cf. galtu, gapru.)
galtu [gal ga’u] x1 is high/up/upward in
frame of reference x2 as compared with baseline/standard height x3. (Also upper; x3 is
generally some defined distance above a zero
point/baseline, or is that baseline itself. See also
gapru, dizlo, cnita, drudi, farna.)
galxe x1 is a/the throat/gullet [body-part] of
x2; [metaphor: narrow(ing) opening of a deep
hole]. (See also cnebo, kevna, tunlo.)
galxypunli g1 = p1 is the Adam’s apple (laryngeal prominence) of g2 = p2. (Cf. galxe, punli.)
gamguata x1 is a kumquat of species/variety
x2. (see also nimre)
gamyma’i x1 is December/twelfth month of
year x2 in calendar x3. (Note: Based on experimental rafsi for gai (gam). Use with caution. Alternative: pavrelma’i)
ganai [GA*] logical connective: forethought all
but tanru-internal conditional/only if (with gi).
gancuktai t1 is an ellipse (geometric form)
of object/abstraction/manifestation t2 (object/abstract) wide in dimension x3 = g2. (Cf.
sovda, bolci.)
ganjdika z1 narrows/contracts/is diminiished
in dimension g2 by amount j3. (Cf. ganra, jdika,
ganze’a.)
ganlo [ga’o] x1 (portal/passage/entranceway) is closed/shut/not open, preventing passage/access to x2 by x3. (As a doorway, but also
perhaps a semi-permeable membrane. See also
kalri, pagre, canko, vorme, zunti.)
ganra [gan] x1 is broad/wide in dimension
x2 [2nd most significant dimension] by standard
x3. (See also clani, jarki, rotsu, condi, barda, gutci,
minli.)
ganse [gas ga’e] x1 [observer]
senses/detects/notices stimulus property x2
(ka) by means x3 under conditions x4. (x1 is
sensitive to x2; also feels, spots, perceives, makes
out, discerns/recognizes (but only implying
reaction without necessarily any significant mental processing); note that the emphasis is on a
property which stimulates x1 and is detected
(sanji is passive about the sensing, and is not
limited to sensory input, as well as presuming
some kind of discernment/recognition, while not
being concerned with the means of detection);
x3 sense/sensory channel. See also pencu, sanji,
viska, sumne, tirna, zgana, canci, simlu.)
ganti x1 is a/the
testes/ovary/testicle/scrotum/balls/gonad/stamen/pistil
[body-part] of x2, gender x3.
(Egg/sperm/pollen/gamete producing/bearing
organ. See also plibu, sovda, pinji, gutra, mabla.)
gantydakli d1 is a scrotum of g2. (Cf. ganti,
dakli)
ganxo [gax] x1 is a/the anus/anal ori-
fice/asshole/arsehole [body-part] of x2;
[metaphor: exit, waste exit]. (Also asshole/ass/arsehole; (adjective:) x1 is anal. See also
zargu, kalci, mabla, rinci.)
ganze’a z1 broadens/widens in dimension g2
by amount z3. (Cf. ganra, zenba, ganjdika.)
ganzu [gaz] x1 organizes x2 [relative chaos]
into x3 [ordered/organized result] by system/principle(s) x4. (x3 is also a system; x4 could
be merely a function which inherently serves to
dictate the organizational structure of x3. See also
ciste, morna, stura, bilni, cabra.)

gapci [gac] x1 is gaseous/fumes/a
gas/vapor of material/composition including
x2, under conditions x3. (x3 includes temperature
and pressure. See also pambe, vacri, litki, sligu,
danmo, bumru, cidro, flecu.)
gapru [gap] x1 is directly/vertically
above/upwards-from x2 in gravity/frame of
reference x3. (See also tsani, galtu, cnita, drudi,
gacri, dizlo, farna.)
gapselfa’a f2 is turned up from g2 in reference
frame g3. (Cf. gapru, farna.)
garna [gar] x1 is a rail/railing/bar [tool] supporting/restraining x2, of material x3. (See also
kamju, grana, tutci.)
gaskre k1 = g3 is a/are the whisker(s)/sensory
hair(s) /vibrissa(e) attached to k2 = g1 at body
part k3 for the detection of stimuli g2 under conditions g4. (Cf. ganse, kerfa, zbikre, runkre.)
gasnu [gau] x1 [person/agent] is an agentive
cause of event x2; x1 does/brings about x2. ((cf.
cmavo list gau, gunka, zukte, rinka, fasnu for nonagentive events, jibri, kakne, pilno))
gasta [gat] x1 is a quantity of/is made
of/contains steel of composition including x2.
(See also jinme, molki, tirse.)
56genxu gigdo
gaurtcini t1 is an opportunity for t2 = g1 to do
g2. (Cf. tcini, gasnu, funca.)
gau [BAI] gasnu modal, 1st place agent/actor
case tag with active agent ...
gaxlumple p1 is toilet paper. (Cf. ganxo, lumci,
pelji)
gaxmolgle gl1 rims/performs anilingus on gl2.
(Cf. gaxygle, molgle, zargu.)
gaxygle gl1 (giver) has anal sex with gl2 = ga2
(receiver).
gaxykafke k1 = g2 farts.
gazykamni k1 = g1 the committee for steering/organizing g2 into g3 by system/principle(s)
g4 of body/organization k3. (From ganzu, kamni.
Cf. trukamni, trokamni, ctakamni.)
ga [GA] logical connective: forethought all but
tanru-internal or (with gi).
ge’a [VUhU0] mathematical operator: null
mathematical expression (mex) operator (used in
¿2-ary ops).
ge’e [UI6] attitudinal:
elliptical/unspecified/non-specific emotion;
no particular feeling.
ge’i [GA] logical connective: forethought all
but tanru-internal connective question (with gi).
ge’o [BY1] shift letterals to Greek alphabet.
ge’u [GEhU] elidable terminator: end relative/modal phrases; usually elidable in noncomplex phrases.
geirki’a k1 = g1 cheers with sound k2 about g2
(event/state). (Cf. gleki, krixa, ki’arzau.)
gei [VUhU2] trinary mathematical operator: order of magnitude/value/base; [b * (c to the a
power)].
gejrdauko x1 is a carrot of variety x2. (See also
najgenja, rulsantyspa, spatrdauko, spatrxapio.)
gekpanpi g1 = p1 is blissful about g2 = p2
(event/state).
gendra d1 is grammatically correct in situation
d2 according to grammar d3 = g1.
genja [gej] x1 is a root [body-part] of
plant/species x2; [metaphor: immobile, supporting, nourishing]. (See also jamfu, jicmu, patlu,
samcu, spati, krasi.)
gento [get ge’o] x1 reflects Argentinian
culture/nationality in aspect x2. (See also xispo,
ketco, spano.)
genturfa’i x1 = f1 parses text x3 = g3 = f3
according to formal grammar x2 = g1.
genxu [gex] x1 is a hook/crook [shape/form]
of material x2. (See also kruvi, korcu.)
gercmo x1 = c1 = g1 barks expressing x2 = c3.
(Cf. gerku, cmoni.)
gerki’a k1 is the howl of a dog/canine of species
g2. (Cf. gerku, krixa.)
gerku [ger ge’u] x1 is a dog/canine/[bitch]
of species/breed x2. (See also lorxu, labno, mlatu.)
gerna [gen ge’a] x1 is the grammar/rules/defining form of language x2 for
structure/text x3. (See also bangu, stura, cmavo,
jufra.)
gerzda z1 is a doghouse for dog z2 = g1.
getybau g1 = b1 is the Argentinian Spanish
language used by b2 to express/communicate b3
(si’o/du’u, not quote) (Cf. gento, bangu, sanbau,
bansupu’a.)
getygu’e ge1 = gu1 is Argentina. (Cf. gento,
gugde, gugde’aru.)
gexnivji n1 crochets n2 from yarn n3 using crochet hooks g1 (g2 is dropped as being non germaine to this lujvo)
ge [GA] logical connective: forethought all but
tanru-internal and (with gi).
gi’a [GIhA] logical connective: bridi-tail afterthought or.
gi’enai [GIhA*] logical connective: bridi-tail afterthought x but not y.
gi’e [GIhA] logical connective: bridi-tail afterthought and.
gi’i [GIhA] logical connective: bridi-tail afterthought conn question.
gi’onai [GIhA*] logical connective: bridi-tail afterthought exclusive or; Latin ’aut’.
gi’o [GIhA] logical connective: bridi-tail afterthought biconditional/iff/if-and-only-if.
gi’u [GIhA] logical connective: bridi-tail afterthought whether-or-not.
gidva [gid gi’a] x1 (person/object/event)
guides/conducts/pilots/leads x2 (active participants) in/at x3 (event). (A guiding person advises/suggests/sets an example to be followed,
but does not necessarily control/direct/manage
actual execution of an event; an event may serve
as a guide by setting a pattern/example to be emulated. See also jitro, ralju, sazri, te bende, jatna,
fukpi, morna.)
gigdo [gig gi’o] x1 is a billion [British milliard] [10
9
] of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default
is units). (See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno,
57glepe’o glixi’o
molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu. litce, merli, centi,
decti, dekto, femti, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo,
mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto,
xexso, zepti, zetro)
ginka [gik] x1 is a
camp/encampment/temporary residence of
x2 at location x3. (See also dinju, xabju, zdani.)
girzu [gir gri] x1 is group/cluster/team
showing common property (ka) x2 due to set x3
linked by relations x4. (Also collection, team, comprised of, comprising; members x3 (a specification
of the complete membership) comprise group x1;
cluster (= kangri). See also bende, ciste, cmima,
gunma, panra, cabra, cecmu, kansa, klesi, lanzu,
liste, vrici.)
gismu [gim gi’u] x1 is a (Lojban) root word
expressing relation x2 among argument roles x3,
with affix(es) x4. (Gismu list, if physical object
(= (loi) gimste); referring to the mental construct
(e.g. propose adding a new gismu to the gismu list
= gimpoi, gimselcmi, gimselste). See also cmavo,
cmene, lujvo, smuni, sumti, tanru, valsi.)
gitsko s1 is a string of instrument j1.
gitytortci x1 is a capo for guitar/banjo/mandolin x2.
gi [GI] logical connective: all but tanru-internal
forethought connective medial marker.
glabi’a b1 = g1 is feverish/has a fever, from disease b3, by standard g2 (from glare bilma)
glanejni n1 is the heat of n3 = g1. (Cf. nejni,
glare.)
glangala x1 is galangal of variety x2.
glare [gla] x1 is hot/[warm] by standard x2.
(Warm (= mligla), feverish (= bi’agla). See also
lenku.)
glaske s1 (mass of facts) is the science of thermodymanics / science of / about heat / heating
based on methodology s3. (Made from glare and
saske. saske2 and all places of glare subsumed.)
glauka x1 is an owl of species x2. (see also cipni,
cipnrstrigi, cipnrtito)
glebre x1 is in heat/estrus/musth; x1 is
horny/randy. (zoi gy. musth .gy steci lo xanto)
glefi’a c1 is pornography/erotica about
plot/theme/subject/under convention c2 by
author c3.
glefra f1 reacts with orgasm f2 to stimulus f3
under conditions f4; f1 orgasms. (Cf. gletu, frati.)
gleki [gek gei] x1 is
happy/gay/merry/glad/gleeful about x2
(event/state). (Adversity (= kamnalgei). See
also badri, cinmo.)
glepe’o p1=g2 is a sexual partner of p2=g1. (Cf.
gletu, pendo, pampe’o, cinse)
gletci t1 is a tool/toy/instrument used for sex.
(Cf. runpinji, desmi’i.)
gletu [let gle] x1 copulates/fucks/mates/has coitus/sexual intercourse
with x2. (x1 and x2 are symmetrical; mounts (=
cpanygle). See also cinse, pinji, plibu, vibna, vlagi,
mabla, speni.)
gleve’u x1 is a prostitute offering his/her services to x2 for x3 (payment). (Cf. vibna, pinji, xangle, molgle, gaxygle.)
glevi’i v1 (body) ejaculates v2 from source v3 via
means/route v4. (Cf. pinji, xangle, sezgle, tsiju,
sovda, gutra, glefra.)
gliban The English language. (Cf. glico, bangu,
glibau.)
glibau g1 = b1 is the English language used
by b2 to express/communicate b3 (si’o/du’u,
not quote). (Cf. glico, bangu, bangenugu,
gliglibau, merbau, xinglibau, kadnyglibau, sralybau, kisyglibau, nanfi’oglibau, bangrnaidjiria.)
glico [gic gli] x1 is English/pertains to
English-speaking culture in aspect x2. (Generally assume broadest sense of ’English’;
may refer to ’English’, pertaining to the country/people/culture of England (normally requiring constraint = gligu’e, or simply redundancy
= gligli-); British English, the norm language of
the UK (= gliglibau). (cf. brito which refers to
the United Kingdom as a whole or to the British
empire, merko, sralo, kadno, skoto))
glige’a ge1 is English grammar for structure/text ge2. (Cf. jboge’a.)
gliglibau g1=b1 is the British English language,
used by b2 to communicate with b3. (Cf. bangenugu, merbau.)
gligu’e gu1 is England (country). (Cf. glico,
gugde, glibau, glige’a, ritygu’e, kotygu’e.)
gligugde x1 is an England of peoples x2 with
territory x3, being English in aspect x4. (Made
from glico + gugde.)
glipre x1 is an English person / is a person that
shows traits x2 related to England / English culture.
glixi’o x1 = g1 is Anglican in aspect x2 = g2.
(Cf. glico, xriso, patxi’o, la’orxi’o, sunxi’o, lijda.)
58grana grutrxananase
gluta [glu] x1 is a mitten/glove [hand and
lower arm garment] of material x2. (Mitten (= degycauglu). See also taxfu.)
go’a [GOhA] pro-bridi: repeats a recent bridi
(usually not the last 2).
go’e [GOhA] pro-bridi: repeats the next to last
bridi.
go’ira’o [GOhA*] pro-bridi: preceding
bridi; repeats claim as true, updating for
speaker/listener change.
go’i [GOhA] pro-bridi: preceding bridi; in answer to a yes/no question, repeats the claim,
meaning yes.
go’o [GOhA] pro-bridi: repeats a future bridi,
normally the next one.
go’u [GOhA] pro-bridi: repeats a remote past
bridi.
gocti [goc] x1 is 10
24
of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). (See also grake,
mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo,
gradu. litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo,
gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso,
picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro)
goi [GOI] sumti assignment; used to de-
fine/assign ko’a/fo’a series pro-sumti; Latin
’sive’.
gombesa x1 is a gombessa (coelacanth) of
species x2. (see finpe, finprkoilakanto)
gonai [GA*] logical connective: forethought all
but tanru-internal exclusive or (with gi); Latin
’aut’.
gotro [got] x1 is 10
24
of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). (See also grake,
mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo,
gradu. litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo,
gocti, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti,
terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro)
go [GA] logical connective: forethought all
but tanru internal biconditional/iff/if-and-onlyif(with gi).
gradu [rau] x1 [magnitude] is a unit/degree
of/on scale/reference standard x2 (si’o) measuring property x3. (Also grade, level, point; x3 dimension. See also ckilu, kantu, kelvo, merli, ranti,
selci.)
grake [gra] x1 is x2 gram(s) [metric unit] in
mass (default is 1) by standard x3. (See also junta,
kilto, bunda, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti,
gotro, litce, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti,
terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro.)
grana [ga’a] x1 is a
rod/pole/staff/stick/cane [shape/form] of
material x2. (See also garna.)
grasu [ras] x1 is a quantity of/is made
of/contains grease/fat/oil from source x2. (See
also ctile, matne, plana.)
grebe’i b1 ferries b2 = p1 to b3 = p3 from b4 = p4
over barrier/medium/portal b5 = p2. (Cf. greblo,
blogre.)
greblo b1 is a ferry boat for carrying b2 over
barrier/medium/portal x3 = p2 to destination
x4 = p3 from origin x5 = p4. (Cf. grebe’i, blogre.)
gredile x1 is a grill/grid/graticle consisting of
lines x2
gregau g1 makes x2 = p1 pass through x3 = p2
to destination side x4 = p3 from origin side x5 =
p4. (Cf. pijne, fenra, canko, greke’a.)
gregori zei nanca n1 is n2 years in duration by
the Gregorian calendar. (Cf. detrgregori, gregori
zei ctona’a.)
greke’a x1 = k1 is a hole in x2 = k2 = p2
to/between x3 = p3 from/and x4 = p4 permitting passage by x5 = p1. (pagre + kevna. Precisely,
x2 is the barrier, x3 is the inside, and x4 is the outside, if distinguishable; loosely, x2 might be given
as the object consisting of both the barrier and the
inside.)
greku [rek] x1 is a
frame/structure/skeleton/outline
supporting/load-bearing/determining the form
of x2. (See also korbi, stura, tsina, bongu.)
gricniselsa’a s2 is the anthem of g1. (Cf. girzu,
cinmo, sanga.)
grupesxu p1 is dough made from grain g1 = p2
grupu’o p1 is flour made of grain plant/species
g2. (Cf. grusko, tamxri, nanba, cmananba, titnanba, nabzba.)
grusi [rus] x1 is gray [color adjective]. (See
also skari, blabi, xekri, kandi, carmi.)
grusko s1 is a noodle of grain species g2. (Cf.
tamxri, grupu’o.)
grutersro t1 is a silo for grain/cereal t2 = g1 (c.f.
cagdaidi’u )
grute [rut] x1 is a fruit [body-part] of species
x2. (See also badna, dembi, figre, guzme, narge,
perli, pilka, plise, spati, stagi, tamca, tsiju, tarbi,
panzi, rorci, te pruce, jbari, nimre.)
grutrxananase x1 is a pineapple of
species/variety x2. (see also bromeli, grute)
59

gubyternoi gugdecunu
gruxruba x1 is buckwheat of variety x2. (syn.
xrixruba)
gu’anai [GUhA*] logical connective: tanruinternal forethought conditional/only if (with gi).
gu’a [GUhA] logical connective: tanru-internal
forethought or (with gi).
gu’e [GUhA] logical connective: tanru-internal
forethought and (with gi).
gu’i [GUhA] logical connective: tanru-internal
forethought question (with gi).
gu’onai [GUhA*] logical connective: tanruinternal forethought exclusive or (with gi); Latin
’aut’.
gu’o [GUhA] logical connective: tanru-internal
forethought biconditional/iff/if-and-only-if (with
gi).
gu’u [GUhA] logical connective: tanru-internal
forethought whether-or-not (with gi).
guanJOUS Guangzhou (Based on the Chinese
Mandarin pronunciation. For the name based on
the local Cantonese pronunciation see guonJAUS.)
gubgundi gun1 = gub1 is a/the public sector owned by community gub2 (mass) providing/producing gun2 by process gun3 (From gubni
gundi.)
gubjungau j1 advertises jg3 = g1 (du’u) to
jg2 = g2 (mass) about subject jg4. (not necessarily advertising for sale; (cf. jungau))
gubni [gub] x1 is public/unhidden/open/jointly available to/owned by
all among community x2 (mass). (See also sivni.)
gubnoi g1 = n1 is an advertisement about subject n2 from author n3 to audience g2 = n4. (Cf.
gubni, notci, vecnu.)
gubycu’a c1 votes (in a public election) for c2
among choices c3 in electorate g2.
gubyka’iseltru s1 = k3 = g1 is a paliamentary
republic with representatives s2 = k1 representating community g2 = k2 (mass)
gubypanka p1 = g1 is a public square managed by/belonging to polity/community p2. (Cf.
gubni, panka, zacpanka, zdipanka, fanrypanka,
kagnypanka.)
gubyseltru s1 = g1 is a republic governed by
people s2 = g2
gubysizykai s1 = g1 is the reputation of c1 for
c2 (ka) known/imagined by s2 = g2 (mass) (From
gubni si’o ckaji. In English, usually ’x1 is the reputation for x3 that x2 has with x4’.)
gubyternoi n3 publishes about subject n2 with
message n1 = g1 to intended audience n4. (Cf.
ckupra, terkarni, kamgubgau.)
gugbandu b1 defends country b2 = g1 from
threat/peril/potential b3. (Cf. jamna, damba,
jenmi, bilni, sonci, tutra.)
gugbinselnu’e n2 is a treaty between countries
n1 = n3
gugde’aru x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 AR (Argentina) for people x2. (Cf. getygu’e.)
gugde’e’u x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 EU (European Union) for people x2. (EU
is an exceptionally reserved ISO-3166 code. Cf.
rongunma, ropno, rontu’a)
gugde’egu x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 EG (Egypt) for people x2. (Cf. misrygu’e.)
gugde’esu x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 ES (Spain) for people x2. (Cf. sangu’e.)
gugde’idu x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 ID (Indonesia) for people x2. (Cf. bidgu’e.)
gugde’ike x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 IQ (Iraq) for people x2. (Cf. raksygu’e.)
gugde’ilu x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 IL (Israel) for people x2. (Cf. brogu’e.)
gugde’inu x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 IN (India) for people x2. (Cf. xingu’e.)
gugde’iru x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 IR (Iran, Islamic Republic Of) for people x2.
(Cf. gugdrxirana.)
gugde’itu x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 IT (Italy) for people x2. (Ch. italian, gugdrtalia.)
gugde’u’a x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 UA (Ukraine) for people x2. (Cf. vurgu’e.)
gugde’usu x1 is the country with the code
ISO-3166 US (United States) for people x2. (Cf.
mergu’e.)
gugdebudu x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 ”BD” (Bangladesh) for people x2. (Cf. gugde,
begygu’e.)
gugdeburu x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 BR (Brazil) for people x2. (Cf. razgu’e.)
gugdecu’a x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 CA (Canada) for people x2. (Cf. kadnygu’e,
KEnydys, kenyDAS.)
gugdecunu x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 CN (China) for people x2. (Cf. jugygu’e,
djunguos, xa’anzu.)
60gugdrgogurio gukcanre
gugdecuxe x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 ”CH” (Switzerland) for people x2. (Cf. gugdrxelvo, xelvet, xelvetik.)
gugdedu’e x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 DE (Germany) for people x2. (Cf. dotygu’e.)
gugdefuru x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 FR (France) for people x2. (Cf. fasygu’e.)
gugdegubu x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 GB (United Kingdom) for people x2. (Cf. ritygu’e, gligu’e.)
gugdeguru x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 GR (Greece) for people x2. (Cf. xesygu’e.)
gugdejupu x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 JP (Japan) for people x2. (Cf. pongu’e.)
gugdekupu x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 KP (Korea, Democratic People’S Republic Of)
for people x2. (Cf. gugdrtcosena, gugdrgogurio.)
gugdekuru x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 KR (Korea, Republic Of) for people x2. (Cf.
gugdrxanguke, gugdrgogurio.)
gugdemuxu x1 is the country with the code
ISO-3166 MX (Mexico) for people x2. (Cf.
mexygu’e.)
gugdenugu x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 NG (Nigeria) for people x2. (Cf. gugdrnaidjiria.)
gugdepuku x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 ”PK” (Pakistan) for people x2. (Cf. kisygu’e.)
gugdepulu x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 PL (Poland) for people x2. (Cf. gugdrpolska,
polskas.)
gugderu’u x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 RU (Russian Federation) for people x2. (Cf.
rukygu’e.)
gugdesu’u x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 SU (USSR) for people x2. (SU is a ISO-3166
code exceptionally reserved from June 2008. Cf.
sofygu’e, softo, sesre)
gugdeturu x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 TR (Turkey) for people x2. (Cf. gugdrturkie.)
gugdetuve x1 is the country with the code ISO-
3166 TW (Taiwan) for people x2. (Cf. xa’anzu.)
gugdezu’a x1 is the country with the code
ISO-3166 ZA (South Africa) for people x2. (Cf.
nanfi’ogu’e.)
gugde [gug gu’e] x1 is the country of peoples x2 with land/territory x3; (people/territory
relationship). (Also sovereignty, domestic (as opposed to foreign), nation (when not referring to
ethos). See also turni, natmi, jecta, tumla, tutra,
lanci.)
gugdrgogurio x1 is Korea. (Cf. gugdrtcosena,
gugdrxanguke.)
gugdrnaidjiria x1 is Nigeria. (Cf. gugdenugu.)
gugdrnorge g1 is Norway.
gugdrpolska x1 is Poland. (Cf. polskas,
gugdepulu.)
gugdrtalia x1 is Italy. (Cf. italian, gugde’itu.)
gugdrtcosena x1 is North Korea. (Cf.
gugdekupu, gugdrgogurio, gugdrxanguke.)
gugdrturkie x1 is Turkey (Cf. gugdeturu, kulnrturkie, kulnrturko.)
gugdrvietnama x1 is Vietnam
gugdrxanguke x1 is South Korea. (Cf.
gugdekuru, gugdrgogurio, gugdrtcosena.)
gugdrxelvo g1 is Switzerland. (Cf. gugdecuxe,
xelvet, xelvetik.)
gugdrxirana x1 is Iran. (Cf. gugde’iru.)
gugja’anunsnu n1 is a summit between j1 = c1
(heads of state/government) about topic/subject
c2. (x2 are usually presidents or prime ministers. x3 are points on an agenda (= snuselpla). Cf.
casnu.)
gugja’a j1 is the president of people g2 in country g3. (Cf. gugde, jatna, balnoltru, vliraitru, viptru, truralju, trupauja’a, vajraifla.)
gugjonci’e c1 is a supranational union of member states g1 = j1 = c3
guglbon Google Wave
gugl Google.
gugmu’u x1 migrates to country x2 from country x3 over path/route x4.
gugyka’i k1 is a diplomat/ambassador representing country k2 = g1 in matter(s)/function(s)
k3. (Cf. jansu.)
gugykruca k1 is international in aspect x2
gugypausle s1 is a county/district/province
(second-level administrative division) of country
s2 = g1. (Cf. gugde, pagbu, selci. A province
can also be a first-level administrative division; for
this use gugypau, or optionally vipygu’e if it is in
a country with a federal government.)
gugypau p1 is a state/province/region (firstlevel administrative division) of country p2 = g1.
(Cf.gugde, pagbu. A province or region can also
be a second-level administrative division; for these
use gugypausle.)
gukcanre g1 = c1 is sandy abrasive material.
(guska canre)
61gurgau gutci
gumgau ga1 combines individual gu2 into mass
gu1. (Cf. gunma, jongau.)
gumgu’e gun1 = gug1 is a federative state consisting of states/lands gun2
gumjau d1 = g1 is a pool of water.
4 gumri x1 is a mushroom of species x2. (Cf.
mledi, ledgrute)
gundi [gud] x1 is industry/industrial/systematic manufacturing activity
producing x2 by process/means x3. (See also
cupra, fanri, rutni, zbasu.)
gungunma gunm1 is a project consisting of
tasks gunk2 done by gunk1 with goal/objective
gunk3. (Cf. gunka, gunma.)
gunka [gun gu’a] x1 [person] labors/works
on/at x2 [activity] with goal/objective x3. (Also:
x1 is a worker/laborer. (cf. sazri, gasnu, se jibri;
zukte - which need not be labor; physics term
’work’ = ni muvyselbai, briju, jibri, lazni, selfu))
gunma [gum] x1 is a
mass/team/aggregate/whole, together composed of components x2, considered jointly. (A
description in x1 indicates of mass property(ies)
displayed by the mass; masses may reveal properties not found in the individual set members that
are massified, which themselves are not necessarily relevant to the mass property implicit in this
bridi. See also bende, girzu, pagbu, cmavo list loi,
lei, lai, ciste, cmima, kansa, tinci, mulgunma.)
gunro [gur gu’o] x1 rolls/trundles
on/against surface x2 rotating on axis/axle
x3; x1 is a roller. (See also bolci, carna, jendu,
slanu.)
gunse x1 is a goose/[gander] of species/breed
x2. (See also cipni.)
gunta [gut] x1 (person/mass) attacks/invades/commits aggression upon victim
x2 with goal/objective x3. (See also bradi, damba,
darxi, jamna, jenca, jursa.)
guntrusi’o s1 is a communist ideology (default: Marxist-Leninist) as it applies to the governance of people/territory/domain t2 based on
the works of thinker(s) s3 (From gunka, turni,
sidbo. Cf. trudjigri, ka’irtrusi’o, dzejdasratrusi’o,
vricykricrutrusi’o, fairpaltrusi’o, natpamtrusi’o,
tsarainaitrusi’o.)
guonJAUS Canton (Based on the local Cantomese pronunciation. For the name based on the
Chinese Mandarin pronunciation see guanJOUS. )
gurgau x1 = ga1 rolls object x2 = gu1
on/against surface x3 = gu2, with axis/ axle
of rotation x4 = gu3. (See also gunro, gasnu,
cu’arkubli.)
gurni [gru] x1 is grain/[British: corn]/cereal
from plant/species x2. (See also bavmi, cunmi,
mavji, maxri, molki, mraji, rismi, sobde, spati,
zumri, nanba, sorgu.)
gurnrtefi x1 is teff of variety x2. (cf. gurni, pamsrasu, amxari)
guska’u x1 is a photon. (Cf. gusni, kantu, lektoni, kuarka.)
guska [guk] x1 blade/scraper/erosive
scrapes/erodes/abrades x2 from x3. (Abrade,
abrasive (= mosyguska). See also balre, sraku,
batci, canpa, mosra.)
gusminli x1 is x2 (default 1) light year(s). (Cf.
gusni, minli,solminli, tanminli, ki’otre, darno.)
gusminra m1 = g2 is
shiny/gleaming/bright/reflective of light
g1 = m2 from source g3
gusni [gus gu’i] x1 [energy] is
light/illumination illuminating x2 from light
source x3. ([x3 illuminates/lights x2 with
light/illumination x1; x2 is lit/illuminated by
illumination x1 from source x3 (= selgu’i for reordered places); light/lamp (= tergu’i)](cf. dirce,
manku, solri, carmi, ctino, kantu))
gusnunsla n1 is Diwali (Deepavali) celebrated
by s1 with activities s3 (from gusni nu salci)
gusta x1 is a restaurant/cafe/diner serving
type-of-food x2 to audience x3. (See also barja,
citka, kukte, sanmi, xotli.)
gusybi’o b1 = g1 brightens under conditions
x2 = b3. (Cf. manbi’o.)
gusycai x1 gleams/shines on to x2, the light
source being x3. (Cf. gusni, carmi, gusminra.)
gusycinki x1 is a lightning
bug/glowworm/firefly of genus/species x2.
gusydicra d1 extinguishes light g1 illuminating
g2, the light source being g3. (Cf. gusni, dicra.)
gutci [guc] x1 is x2 (default 1) short local distance unit(s) [non-metric], standard x3, x4 subunits. (Foot (= jmagutci); yard (= cibjmagutci),
pace (= tapygutci), inch (= degygutci), cubit (=
birgutci). (additional subunit places may be added
as x5, x6, ...); See also mitre, clani, ganra, condi,
rotsu, rupnu, fepni, dekpu, minli, merli, bunda,
kramu.)
62ie itlo
gutra x1 is a/the womb/uterus [body-part]
of x2; [metaphor: nourishing, protective, giving
birth]. (See also jbena, rorci, sovda, tarbi, ganti,
mabla.)
gutrypilcri c1 = g2 = p2 menstruates. (Cf.
gutra, pilka, cirko.)
gutyjamkarce k1 is a tank propelled by k3. (Cf.
gunta, jamna, karce, jamkarce, xiljamkarce, sonjamkarce, tsakarce, karcycelxa’i.)
guzme [guz zme] x1 is a melon/squash
[fruit/plant] of species/strain x2. (See also grute.)
guzmrkukurbita x1 is a squash/pumpkin of
species/strain x2. (Cf. guzme, clazme, tityzme.)
gu [GA] logical connective: forethought all but
tanru-internal whether-or-not (with gi).
gy [BY2] letteral for g.
i’anai [UI*1] attitudinal: acceptance - blame.
i’a [UI1] attitudinal: acceptance - blame. (See
also nalna’e, nalpro, no’epro, nalzugjdi.)
i’ecu’i [UI*1] attitudinal: approval - nonapproval - disapproval.
i’enai [UI*1] attitudinal: approval - nonapproval - disapproval.
i’e [UI1] attitudinal: approval - non-approval -
disapproval. (See also zanru.)
i’inai [UI*1] attitudinal: togetherness - privacy.
i’i [UI1] attitudinal: togetherness - privacy. (See
also kansa, gumna, sivni, sepli.)
i’onai [UI*1] attitudinal: appreciation - envy.
i’o [UI1] attitudinal: appreciation - envy. (See
also ckire, jilra.)
i’unai [UI*1] attitudinal: familiarity - mystery.
i’u [UI1] attitudinal: familiarity - mystery. (See
also slabu, nalni’o, kufra.)
i,ov Job. (Biblical character.)
iacu’i [UI*1] attitudinal: belief - skepticism -
disbelief.
iagis Yagi. (One of the inventors of the YagiUda antenna; or the name of the antenna itself)
ianai [UI*1] attitudinal: belief - skepticism - disbelief.
iaves Yahweh. (see also cev)
ia [UI1] attitudinal: belief - skepticism - disbelief. (See also krici, jinvi.)
ibu [BY*] letteral for i.
iedra x1 is ivy of species/variety x2.
ienai [UI*1] attitudinal: agreement - disagreement.
ieRUcaly’im Jerusalem
ie [UI1] attitudinal: agreement - disagreement.
(See also tugni.)
iinai [UI*1] attitudinal: fear - security.
ii [UI1] attitudinal: fear - security. (See also
terpa, snura.)
ijanai [JA*] logical connective: sentence afterthought: (preceding sentence) if this sentence.
ija [JA*] logical connective: sentence afterthought or.
ije’i [JA*] logical connective: sentence afterthought conn question.
ijenai [JA*] logical connective: sentence afterthought x but not y.
ije [JA*] logical connective: sentence afterthought and.
ijonai [JA*] logical connective: sentence afterthought exclusive or; Latin ’aut’.
ijo [JA*] logical connective: sentence afterthought biconditional/iff/if-and-only-if.
iju [JA*] logical connective: sentence afterthought whether-or-not.
iklki x1 clicks (press and release) button/switch
x2 to cause x3 (nu). (Cf. batke, danre.)
inaja [JA*] logical connective: sentence afterthought conditional/only if.
Indias India. (Cf. xingu’e.)
internet Internet (Cf. mujysamseltcana.)
intranet Intranet (Cf. kagysamseltcana.)
io’imbe x1 is yohimbe of variety x2.
ionai [UI*1] attitudinal: respect - disrespect.
ionti x1 is an ion of radical/(atom of element)x2
with x3 charges (c.f. ma’u zei ionti, ni’u zei ionti,
lektoni, xumsle.)
io [UI1] attitudinal: respect - disrespect. (See
also sinma.)
iptsa x1 is a pizza with topping/ingredients x2.
(Cf. cidjrpitsa, pitnanba, nabypalne, fomymledi,
cirla, toknu, tamca, cidja.)
irci x1 is an IRC user on channel x2 in network
x3. (Add a me’e place for nickname, or a fi’o tcana
place for server, if needed. Erase x2 using zi’o if no
channel is involved.)
irk IRC (Internet Relay Chat) (An Internet-based
real-time text communication system. See irci.)
island Iceland.
italian Italy. (Cf. gugdrtalia, gugde’itu.)
itlo x1 pertains to Italy/Italian culture/nationality/dialect in aspect x2. (From
the Italian prefix ”italo”. See also brito, bemro,
ketco, xispo, glico, fraso, merko, latmo.)
63jacta’o jalra
iucu’i [UI*1] attitudinal: love - no love lost - hatred.
iunai [UI*1] attitudinal: love - no love lost - hatred.
iu [UI1] attitudinal: love - no love lost - hatred.
(See also prami.)
i [I] sentence link/continuation; continuing
sentences on same topic; normally elided for new
speakers.
4 ja’ai [NAI] affirm last word: attached to
cmavo to affirm them; denies negation by nai
whenever it is applicable. (Suggested by Mark
Shoulson in 1999 as an affirmative of nai. By
analogy with the pairs na/ja’a, na’e/je’a, and
na’i/jo’a.)
ja’aru’e [NA*] weak bridi affirmation; barely;
almost not at all.
ja’a [NA] bridi logical affirmer; scope is an entire bridi.
ja’enai [BAI*] jalge modal, 1st place (event
causal) nevertheless result ...
ja’e [BAI] jalge modal, 1st place resultingly;
therefore result ...
ja’i [BAI] javni modal, 1st place (by standard 1)
orderly; by rule ...
ja’orca’o c1 is a window displaying j2. (jarco
canko)
ja’o [UI2] evidential: I conclude. (See also
selni’i, ni’ikri.)
ja’urjuknis x1 is Scorpius [astronomical constellation]/Scorpio [astrological sign]. (The Babylonians called this constellation the ’Scorpion’. In
Greek Mythology there are plenty of myths associated with Scorpio.)
ja’urjukni ju1 is a scorpion of species ju2.
ja’urxe’a j1 = x1 is a/the beak/talon-like jaw
(body part) of j2 = x2. (Made from jgalu + xedja.)
jabre x1 brakes/causes to slow motion/activity
x2 with device/mechanism/principle x3. (See also
mosra.)
jabytu’u j1 = t1 is a tubular chime of material
t2, hollow with t3, producing sound/note j2.
jacfebmatra m1 is a steam engine driving m2.
(Cf. djacu, febvi, matra, jaurgacmatra.)
jacke’o x1 is x2 degrees Celsius / centigrade in
temperature by standard x3. (Cf. kelvrfarenxaito,
glare, lenku, dunja, febvi.)
jaclu’a p1 is a waterway to p2 from p3
via/defined by points including p4 (set). (Cf. flecu,
rirxe, klama, bloti.)
jacta’o t1=d1 is a board for use in water/(wind/kite)surfingboard/bodyboard/wakeboard
of material/property t2. (From tanbo, djacu. Also
sufingboard (=bonjacta’o), windsurfingboard
(=fanjacta’o), kitesurfingboard (=volfanjacta’o),
wakesurfingboard (=blobonjacta’o).)
jacyfepri fi1 is a gill of animal fe2=fi1 of
species x3=fi2 (Cf. fipfepri. See also fipybirka,
fipyrebla for fish-body related words.)
jacysenta x1 is a (water) puddle on surface x2
jadni [jad ja’i] x1 (object)
adorns/decorates x2; x1 is an adornment/decoration of x2; x2 is fancy/decorated.
(Fancy/decorated (= selja’i). See also jemna,
dirba, batke.)
jadycau c1 = j2 is plain/unadorned from c2 =
j1 (object). (Cf. selja’i, jadypijne.)
jadypijne p1 is a brooch/fibula for fastening
to/piercing p2, of material/properties p3. (Cf.
batke.)
jaica [SE*] convert time tense (tagged) place to
1st place; 1st place moves to extra place (fai).
jaicpu l1 = j1 picks at l2 = j2 with l3 = j3. (Cf.
lacpu, jgari, vimcu.)
jaigau [SE*] makes x1 the agent of a bridi; old
1st place moves to extra place (fai).
jaivi [SE*] convert location tense (tagged) place
to 1st place; 1st place moves to extra place (fai).
jai [JAI] convert tense/modal (tagged) place to
1st place; 1st place moves to extra FA place (fai).
jajgau g1 collects j1 (mass) at j2 from j3. (Cf.
jmaji.)
jajycukla x1 is an accretion disk (in astronomy)
(Cf. tarci, kesyske)
jakne x1 is a rocket [vehicle] propelled by jet
expelling x2 carrying payload x3. (See also cecla,
danti, spoja.)
jalge [jag ja’e] x1 (action/event/state) is
a result/outcome/conclusion of antecedent x2
(event/state/process). (Also: x2 gives rise to x1 (=
selja’e for reordered places); total (general meaning, but also = mekyja’e, pi’irja’e, sujyja’e). See
also se mukti, te zukte, se rinka, se krinu, se nibli,
mulno, sumji, pilji, mekso, cmavo list ja’e, ciksi.)
jalna x1 is a quantity of/contains/is made of
starch from source x2 of composition including x3.
(See also patlu, samcu.)
jalra x1 is a cockroach/[orthopteran/termite]
of order/species/breed x2. (Also grasshopper (=
pipyjalra); cricket (= sagjalra); locust, termite (=
64jansu jatna
mantyjalra or mudyctijalra). (while cockroaches
are an order unto themselves, they are part of Orthoptera, which includes grasshoppers, crickets,
etc; termites are a closely-related non-Orthoptera,
more akin to cockroaches than to e.g. ants); See
also cinki, civla, manti.)
jalsi’u s1 (set) collide with each other. (Cf. janli,
simxu.)
jalsimgau g1 [agent/person] claps together/causes to collide/strikes together s1
(from janli simxu gasnu)
jamblo b1 is a warship of type/carrying b2, propelled by b3. (Cf. jamna, bloti, ni’ablo, bratcejamblo, brajamblo, cmajamblo, badjamblo, vijblo.)
jamfu [jaf jma] x1 is a/the foot [body-part]
of x2; [metaphor: lowest portion] (adjective:) x1 is
pedal. (See also jicmu, genja, zbepi, tuple, jubme,
xance, tamji.)
jamji’a ji1 = ja1 conquers/wins ji2 from ja2 in
a war over territory/matter ja3. (Cf. jamna, jinga.)
jamkarce k1 is an armoured fighting vehicle/AFV propelled by k3. (Cf. jamna, karce, gutyjamkarce, xiljamkarce, sonjamkarce, tsakarce, karcycelxa’i.)
jamna [jam] x1 (person/mass) wars against
x2 over territory/matter x3; x1 is at war with x2.
(See also bradi, gunta, panpi, damba, darlu.)
jamvijgri g1 is a squadron of aircraft v1. (Cf.
jamna, vinji, girzu, jamvinji.)
jamvinji v1 is a warplane of type/for carrying
v2, propelled by v3. (Cf. jamna, vinji, jamvijgri.)
janbe [jab] x1 is a bell/chime/[tuning
fork] [tuned percussion instrument] producing
sound/note x2. (Also: x1 rings/tolls (i.e. if it
rings, then it is a bell); resonates (one sense, =
jabdesku). See also zgike, tonga, desku, slilu.)
jancaucreka cr1 = cl1 = j2 is a tube top of
material cr2. (A shoulderless, sleeveless ”tube”
that wraps the torso, generally very tight over
the breasts in order to prevent the garment from
falling. ”halterneck” (nebdadycreka) is its subtype. Suggested shortest fu’ivla form: ancrka. Cf.
creka.)
janco [jan] x1 is a/the shoulder/hip/joint
[body-part] attaching limb/extremity x2 to body
x3. (See also birka.)
janjaknyxa’i x1 is a bazooka for use against x2
by x3. (Cf. janco, jakne, xarci, sorjaknykarce.)
janli [jal] x1 collides
with/crashes/bumps/runs into x2. ((also collide
= simjanli for a collision between two moving
objects); See also darxi.)
jansu [jas] x1 is a diplomat/consul representing polity x2 in/at negotiation x3 for function/purpose x4. ((for) x3 polity, (use tu’a); also
ambassador (= raljansu, trujansu). See also jecta,
krati.)
janta [jat] x1 is an account/bill/invoice for
goods/services x2, billed to x3 by x4. (See also
jdima, vamji, vecnu, canja, jerna, dejni, jbera.)
jan Jean/Zhang.
japkla j2 = k1 logs in to k2 with account j1
(username and password) from interface k3. (The
username and password may be connected with
”joi”. Cf. jaspu, klama.)
japyvla v1 = j1 is a password [issued to]/[used
by] j2 (person), issued/confirmed by authority j3
allowing j4 (activity), in language v3. (Cf. jaspu,
valsi, plicme, snura, cmisau, cmeveigau.)
jarbu x1 is a suburban area of city/metropolis
x2. (See also nurma, se tcadu, ve tcadu.)
jarco [ja’o] x1 (agent)
shows/exhibits/displays/[reveals]/demonstrates
x2 (property) to audience x3. ([reveal (= tolmipygau, mipyja’o, sivja’o); also: x1 shows that x2, x1
shows off x2; showing an object is generally expressed with a tu’a x2, since the properties of the
shown object (other than its presence) intended
for observation are seldom specified (simple
presence could be expressed by leka Object. cu
zvati)]; See also tigni, cipra, zgana, jvinu, lanli,
mipri, simlu.)

jarki [jak] x1 is narrow in dimension x2 [2nd
most significant dimension] by standard x3. (See
also caxno, cinla, tordu, tagji, cinla, cmalu.)
jarmau z1 = j1 is firmer/tougher/harder/more
resistant than z2 by amount z4. (Cf. jdari, zmadu,
jaryrai.)
jarple p1 = j1 is cardboard from source p2. (Cf.
tanxe, bonjarple.)
jaryrai j1 = t1 is the tallest among set/range t4.
(Cf. jdari, traji, jarmau.)
jaspu [jap] x1 is a passport issued to x2 (person) by authority x3 allowing x4 (activity). (See
also pikta, catni, curmi.)
jasybriju b1 is an embassy/consulate of j2 at b3.
(From jansu briju. Omit ambassador(s) b2 = j1)
jatna [ja’a] x1 is
captain/commander/leader/in-charge/boss
65jbena jbofi’e
of vehicle/domain x2. (See also jitro, lidne, te
bende, minde, ralju, gidva, bloti.)
jatnrpapa x1 is a pope of religion/patriarchy x2.
(Cf. jatna, jdaja’a.)
jaurbarflegaus x1 is Aquarius [astronomical
constellation/astrological sign]. (From djacu,
barfle, gasnu. Aquarius is identified as ”The Great
One” in the Babylonian star catalogues and represents the god Ea himself, who is commonly depicted holding an overflowing vase. In the Greek
tradition, the constellation became represented as
simply a single vase from which a stream poured
down.)
jaurbeima’i x1 is February of year x2 in calendar
x3. (Cf. relmasti, kanbyma’i, nanca.)
jaurdei x1 is Wednesday of week x2 on calendar
x3.
jaurflevau v1 is a pipe carrying v2 = f2 to f3
from f4 (fluid may be liquid or gas; see datnyfle
for the computer metaphor)
jaurgacmatra m1 is a steam engine driving m2.
(Cf. djacu, gapci, matra, jacfebmatra.)
jaursabji s1 irrigates/waters s3 (c.f. djacu sabji
c.f. jaursabypatxu)
jaursabypatxu p1 is a watering can used by s1
to water/irrigate s3 made of p3 (from djacu sabji
patxu c.f. jaursabji)
jaurvasmro m1 drowns in body of water d1.
jau [PA2] digit/number: hex digit D (decimal
13) [thirteen].
javni [jva] x1 is a rule prescribing/mandating/requiring x2 (event/state) within
system/community x3. (Regulation, prescription
(also x2), principle, requirement (also x2), prescribe, require (conditions are usually contained
within x2); x1 is regulatory; x2, x3 are regulated.
See also flalu, ritli, cmavo list ja’i, marde, tcaci,
tinbe, zekri.)
ja [jav] [JA] logical connective: tanruinternal afterthought or.
jbama [bam] x1 is a bomb/explosive device
with explosive material/principle x2. (See also cecla, spoja.)
jbari [jba] x1 is a berry (fruit/plant) of
plant/species x2. (See also grute, tsiju, narge,
grute.)
jbedetnunsla s1 is the birthday celebration of
x2 = j1 born at time j3. (Cf. detke’u.)
jbedetri d1 = j3 is the birthday
[day,week,month,year] of j1 at location j4 = d3
according to calendar d4. (Cf. jbena, detri, terjbe,
jbedetnunsla.)
jbena [jbe] x1 is born to x2 at time x3 [birthday] and place x4 [birthplace]; x1 is native to (fo)
x4. (x2 bears/gives birth to x1; also x3: natal day.
See also fange, gutra, rorci, mamta, salci, citsi.)
jbera [jer] x1 (agent) borrows/temporarily
takes/assumes x2 (object) from source x3 for interval x4. (Credit (= jernu’e); borrow/assume a property or quality as a chameleon does (= zaskai, zasysmitra, zasysmitai). See also dejni, janta, zivle.)
jbibi’o b1 = j1 approaches/nears/draws
nearer/closes in on j2. (Cf. jibni, binxo, jbikla,
jbize’a, la’irze’a.)
jbigau g1 makes j1 close to/approximate j2 in
property/quantity j3 (ka/ni). (Cf. jibni, gasnu,
jbibi’o, jbize’a.)
jbiji’o jip1 = jib1 is the end of jip2 at jip3 near
to jib2
jbikla x1 = j1 = k1 approaches x2 = j2 = k2
from x3 = k3 via route x4 = k4 by means of
transportation x5 = k5. (Cf. jibni, klama, jbibi’o,
jbize’a.)
jbimau j1 = z1 is nearer/closer to j2 than x3 =
z2 by amount z4. (Cf. jbirai.)
jbini [bin bi’i] x1 is between/among set
of points/bounds/limits x2 (set)/amidst mass x2
in property x3 (ka). (x2 (a complete set, generally ordered) defines the bounds/limits/range for
x1. See also se vasru, nenri, zvati, cpana, snuji,
senta, bitmu, jimte, kuspe, jibni, lamji, sruri, vanbi,
midju, cmima, setca.)
jbipu’i p1 puts p2 = j1 close to p3 = j2. (Cf. jibni,
punji.)
jbirai t1 = j1 is nearest/closest to j2 in property/quantity j3 (ka/ni). (Cf. jbimau.)
jbixa’u x1 is a neighbo(u)r of / living close/near
to x2.
jbize’a z1 = j1 gets nearer/closer to j2 in property j3 by amount z3. (Cf. jibni, zenba, jbikla,
jbibi’o, la’irze’a.)
jboba’usnu c1 = b1 converses orally in Lojban
about subject c2 using sound/expression l1 = b2.
(Cf. jbota’a, jbosnu.)
jbobau l1 = b1 is Lojban used by b2 to express/communicate b3 (si’o/du’u, not quote).
jboce’u c1 is a Lojbanic community.
jbofi’e l1 is Jbofihe. (A computer program that
parses Lojban text. Cf. lojbo, finpe, genturfa’i.)
66jdazei jdini
jboge’a g1 is Lojban grammar for structure/text
g2. (Cf. glige’a.)
jbogri x1 is a Lojbanic group/organization with
role/purpose/function x2.
jbogu’e x1 is Lojbanistan / Lojbanic country of
people x2
jboia x1 is a boa of species x2. (see also since,
sincrxenakanda)
jbonobo x1 is a bonobo of species/breed x2.
(See tcimpazi, smani.)
jbonunsla n1 is Logfest. (An annual Lojban festival)
jbopli l1 = p1 uses Lojban for purpose p3; l1 =
p1 is a Lojbanist.
jbopre l1 = p1 is a Lojbanist in aspect l2. (Cf.
lojbo, prenu, jbopli.)
jbosnu c1 (mass normally, but 1 individual/jo’u
possible) discuss(es)/talk(s) about topic/subject
c2 in Lojban. (Cf. jbota’a, casnu.)
jbove’a l1 = v1 is a child who is a native speaker
of Lojban.
jbovlaste lo1 = li1 is Jbovlaste. (A web-based
Lojban dictionary editing system, and the contents
of its dictionary. Cf. lojbo, valsi, liste, vlaste,
vlacku)
jdabe’e b1 is a congregation of believers of religion j1.
jdaca’i c1 is a priest/pastor/imam of community c2 adhering to religion l1. (Cf. lijda, catni, jdatro, jdaja’a, ravboni.)
jdacku x1 = c1 is a scripture/religious book of
religion x4 = c4 = l2 containing text x2 = c2 written by x3 = c3.
jdaja’a j1 is the head of religion j2 =
l1 including members l2 sharing common beliefs/practices/tenets including l3. (Cf. lijda,
jatna, jatnrpapa, jdatro, jdaca’i.)
jdara’a s1 pertains to religion of s2 = l2 (Cultural gismu replacement lujvo for religions: From
gismu lijda and srana.)
jdari [jar] x1 is
firm/hard/resistant/unyielding to force x2
under conditions x3. (See also nandu, ralci, randa,
ranti, tinsa, sligu, stodi.)
jdaselsku c2 is a prayer of believer c1 = l2 for
deity c3 in medium c4 according to religion l3.
jdasoi s1 is a paladin/holy warrior of army s2,
and with religion l1.
jdatro j1 is the bishop/archbishop of j2 of religion l1. (Cf. lijda, jitro, catnrpepiskopo, jdaja’a,
jdaca’i. For ’archbishop’ one can use ’lo banli jdatro’.)
jdazei z1 is a sin/blasphemy according to religion z2 = j1.
jdenoi x1 is a warning message to intended audience x2 about danger x3 from author x4. (See
also kajde, notci)
jdice [jdi] x1 (person) decides/makes decision x2 (du’u) about matter x3 (event/state). (See
also pajni, cuxna, kanji, manri.)
jdijmaji jd1 = jm1 assemble/meet/gather/[form a caucus] to make
decision(s) jd2 (du’u) about matter jd3
(event/state) at location jm2. (Cf. jdice, jmaji,
nunjmaji, nunpe’i.)
jdika x1 (experiencer) decreases/contracts/is
reduced/diminished in property/quantity x2 by
amount x3. (See also zenba, mleca, vimcu.)
jdikygau g1 reduces j1 in property/quantity j2
by amount j3. (Cf. jdika, mleca.)
jdikyplini j1 is a dwarf planet revolving around
j2 with characteristics j3, orbital parameters j4.
(Cf. jdika, plini, pluton, eris, cmaplini, plinycma.
In 2006, the International Astronomical Union
(IAU)reduced the status of Pluto and Eris from
’planets’ to a new category: ’dwarf planets’. )
jdima [di’a] x1 [amount] is the price of
x2 to purchaser/consumer x3 set by vendor
x4. (x2 may be a specific object, a commodity
(mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for
objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from
ownership of the object/commodity (= posydi’a,
posyseldi’a for unambiguous semantics); price
is something decided/set by the seller, and is
closely akin to offer (friti), which is what a buyer
may decide; (note that price is not he same as
cost/expense, which is the actual amount exchanged in a transaction; the latter is vecnu or
canja; neither is the same as ”value” or vamji;
in colloquial English, these are sometimes interchanged, at least partially because of the rarity of
barter and bargaining in the marketplace). See also
canja, friti, janta, jdini, kargu, pleji, dapma, vamji
for ’value’, ve vecnu for ’cost’, canja, fepni, jerna,
jinga, pleji, prali, rupnu, sfasa, vamji.)
jdini [din di’i] x1 is money/currency
issued by x2; (adjective:) x1 is financial/monetary/pecuniary/fiscal. (’currency’
sometimes is restricted to paper money (= pledi’i).
See also fepni, jdima, rupnu, sicni, canja, rupnu.)
67jefydiknalgundei jempausle
jditce x1 = m1 = j1 is unwavering/determined/resolute in making decision
x2 = j2 (du’u) about x3 = j3 (event/state). (Cf.
jdice, mutce, xarnu.)
jduli [dul jdu] x1 is a quantity of
jelly/semisolid [texture] of material/composition
including x2. ((adjective:) x1 is gelatinous. See
also litki, sligu.)
je’abo [NAhE+BO ] negation sumti qualifier:
that which indeed is. (Cf. je’a, bo, na’ebo, no’ebo,
to’ebo.)
je’a [NAhE] scalar affirmer; denies scalar negation: Indeed!.
je’enai [COI*] vocative: roger (ack) - negative
acknowledge; I didn’t hear you.
je’erjinto ji1 = je3 is a fountain expelling fluid
ji2 = je2 at location ji3. (Cf. jetce, jinto.)
je’erma’a c1 = j3 is a volcano projecting from
land mass c2. (Cf. fagma’a.)
je’e [COI] vocative: roger (ack) - negative
acknowledge; used to acknowledge offers and
thanks.
je’i [JA] logical connective: tanru-internal afterthought conn question.
je’o [BY1] shift letterals to Hebrew alphabet.
je’unai [UI*3] discursive: truth - falsity.
je’urja’o ja1 (agent) proves that je1 (du’u) is
true by standard/epistemology/metaphysics je2
to audience ja3 (from jetnu jarco)
je’u [UI3] discursive: truth - falsity. (See also
jetnu.)
jecra’a x1 is political/pertains to the politics of
territory/domain x2.
jecta [jec je’a] x1 is a polity/state governing territory/domain x2; [government/territory
relationship]. ((adjective:) x1 is civil/political.
See also gugde, tutra, turni, natmi, jansu, lanci,
cecmu.)
jedji’o x1 is the x3 pole of x2
jedjipli’i l1 is a meridian on celestial
body/sphere j2 (default Earth) (From jendu,
jipno, linji, jedji’o. Cf. plinyxabykoi, sunsicyjudri.
)
jeftu [jef] x1 is x2 weeks in duration (default
is 1 week) by standard x3. (Re. x3, a week may be
more or less than seven days, classically being tied
to the time between trips to the marketplace; this
week (= cabjeftu); next week (= bavlamjeftu); last
week (= prulamjeftu). See also detri, djedi, masti,
nanca.)
jefydiknalgundei x1 = di1 = dj1 is a regularlyoccurring period of days off work [weekend] lasting x2 = dj2 days, recurring every x3 = j2 = di3
weeks (default 1), for worker x4 = g1, at job x5 =
g2 (cf. nalgundei, jeftu, dikni, gunka, djedi, di’i,
na’e;
”Weekend” (the last two days in a week, presumed to be a rest from work) is a culture-specific
concept. It was felt more appropriate to make
a word meaning ”work holiday” and leave the
days/week[s] to be specified by the person.)
jegvon The Judeo-Christian-Muslim God. ((cf.
cevni, jegvo, xebro, xriso, muslo, cev))
jegvo [jeg je’o] x1 pertains to the
common Judeo-Christian-Moslem culture/religion/nationality in aspect x2. (Also
Muslim. See also lijda, muslo, dadjo, xriso.)
jei [jez] [NU] abstractor: truth-value abstractor; x1 is truth value of [bridi] under epistemology x2.
jelca [jel] x1 burns/[ignites/is
flammable/inflammable] at temperature x2
in atmosphere x3. (Default x2/x3 to normal temperatures in air; ignite (= jelcfa),
flammable/inflammable (usually = jelka’e or
jelfrili). See also fagri, kijno, sigja, livla, sacki.)
jelgau g1 burns j1.
jelnanba n1 = j1 is toasted bread made from
grain(s) n2. (Cf. jelca, nanba, titnanba.)
jelspo d1 (event) burns down x2 = j1 = d2. (Cf.
jelspogau.)
jemja’a ja1 is a general of army je1 serving
country/nation/group je2 (mass) in function je3
(activity). (Cf. jenmi, jatna, vairsoi.)
jemna [jme] x1 is a gem/polished
stone/pearl of type x2 from gemstone/material/source x3. (Also jewel (= jmeja’i);
gemstone (= x2, x3, or jmero’i, jmekunra); pearl
(= selcakyjme - a gem found inside a shell,
tercakyjme - a gem made of shell material, boijme - any ball-shaped gem), mother-of-pearl (=
cakyjme). See also kunra, rokci, jadni, dirba,
kargu, krili, pulji.)
jempaupau x1 is an army division, a subdivision of army unit x2 which serves country/nation/group x3. (Cf. Cf. jenmi, pagbu, jempau, jempausle.)
jempausle x1 is an army brigade/regiment, a
subdivision of army unit x2 which serves country/nation/group x3. (Cf. jenmi, pagbu, selci,
68jetka’u jgita
jempaupau, jempau, songri.)
jempau x1 is an army corps, a subdivision of
army unit x2 which serves country/nation/group
x3. (Cf. jenmi, pagbu, jempaupau, jempausle.)
jemyzda z1 is a military base for armed forces j1
serving group/community j2 in function j3.
jenai [JA*] logical connective: tanru-internal
afterthought x but not y.
jenca [jen] x1 (event) shocks/stuns x2. (See
also darxi, gunta, spaji.)
jendu [jed] x1 is an axle/spindle [tool] on
which x2 rotates, of material/properties x3. (See
also se carna, gunro, tutci.)
jenmi [jem jei] x1 (mass) is an army serving
group/community x2 (mass) in function x3 (activity). (See also bilni, sonci, xarci.)
jerjelino x1 is sesame of species/variety x2.
(syn. simsimu, xonxoli)
jerna x1 (agent/person)
earns/[deserves/merits] wages/salary/pay
x2 for work/service x3 (activity). (Also x2
earnings, reward (= zanseljerna or nemjerna),
punishment/comeuppance (= sfaseljerna, malseljerna); x3 behavior; job (= terjerna); x2 may be a
specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a
property; pedantically, for objects/commodities,
this is sumti-raising from ownership of the object/commodity (= posyjerna, posyseljerna for
unambiguous semantics). See also jibri, pleji,
vecnu, cnemu, canja, jdima, jinga, prali, sfasa,
janta, kargu, vamji.)
jersi [je’i] x1 chases/pursues/(physically)
follows after x2; volition is not implied for x1 or x2.
(x1 follows after x2. See also kavbu, rivbi, kalte,
lidne.)
jerxo [jex] x1 reflects Algerian culture/nationality in aspect x2. (See also friko,
xrabo, muslo, fraso.)
jesni [jes] x1 is a needle [pointed
shape/form, not tool] of material x2. (See
also konju, pijne, jipno, kinli.)
jesycilta c1 is barbed wire. (Cf. jesni, cilta.)
jesymabru x1 is a hedgehog/spiny anteater of
species x2. (general term for spiny mammals; see
also ernace, zalgosu, jesyratcu)
jesyratcu x1 is a porcupine of species x2.
jesyspa s1 is a cactus of species s2.
jetce [je’e] x1 is a jet [expelled stream] of
material x2 expelled from x3. (See also sputu,
vamtu.)
jetka’u x1 is a quantum.
jetlai x1 has truth-value x2 under metaphysics
x3 on scale x4. (See also jei)
jetnu [jet je’u] x1 (du’u) is true/truth by
standard/epistemology/metaphysics x2. (Words
usable for epistemology typically have a du’u
place. See also stace, jitfa, fatci, birti, cfika.)
jetpai p1 judges the veracity of p2 = j1 by standard/epistemology/metaphysics x3 = j2. (Cf.
tcica, stace, jetnu, jitfa.)
je [jev jve] [JA] logical connective: tanruinternal afterthought and.
jgalu [ja’u] x1 is a/the claw/nail/talon
[body-part] of x2; [metaphor: pointed, penetrating, physical weapon]. (See also denci, jirna,
batci.)
jganu [jga] x1 is an angle [2-dimensional
shape/form] from vertex x2 subtended by lateral
[segment] x3. (Also (adjective:) x1 is angular; x2
corner; (segment x3 can be defined by interval).
See also kojna, linji, konju, mokca.)
jgari [jai] x1 grasps/holds/clutches/seizes/grips/[hugs]
x2 with x3 (part of x1) at locus x4 (part of x2). (Hug
(= birjai, pamjai); embrace (= xadjai); handshake
(= xanjai, jikyxanjai), handle (= veljai, veljaitci).
See also ralte, pencu, darxi, batke, rinju.)
jgegau g1 ties j1 in a knot.
jgenanba j1 = j2 = n1 is a pretzel made from
grains n2.
jgena [jge] x1 is a knot/tangle in/between
x2 (object/jo’u-objects). (Knot (verb = jgegau,
jgezu’e, jgeri’a, jgela’a), knot: fastening between
two or more cords (= jgeterjo’e). See also pluja,
julne, lasna, skori.)
jgicro c1 = j1 is offended/[feels hurt pride]
about j2 (abstraction). (Cf. jgira, cortu, cnicro,
cnixai.)
jgina [gin] x1 is a gene of creature [or locus on
creature] x2 determining trait/process x3. (Also
chromosome = (gincilta, ginpoi). See also cerda.)
jgira [jgi] x1 (person) feels/has pride
in/about x2 (abstraction). (An emotional combination of satisfaction and respect/esteem towards
property(ies) or action(s) of person/entity that
has a specific tie to emoter; self-pride (= se’ijgi,
tolcumla); use x2 tu’a for pride in non-specific
actions/properties of someone. See also cinmo,
cumla, sevzi, sinma, snada.)
jgita [git] x1 is guitar/violin/fiddle/harp
[stringed musical instrument] with actua-
69jibri jijyji’i
tor/plectrum/bow x2. (Also lute, viola, cello. See
also zgike.)
jgitrgitara x1 is guitar with plectrum x2. (Cf.
jgita, jgitrsita, jgitrpipa, zgica’a.)
jgitrnikelarpa x1 is a nyckelharpa [traditional
swedish string instrument] with bow x2.
jgitrpipa x1 is a pipa. (Cf. jgita, jgitrgitara, zgica’a, jgitrsita.)
jgitrsita x1 is sitar with plectrum x2. (Cf. jgita,
jgitrgitara, jgitrpipa, zgica’a.)
jgitrviolino zei konceto x1 is violin concerto
number x2 in key x3 composed by x4 performed
by/at x5( event). (Cf. zgike, nolzgi, konceto zei
pagbu, konceto, jgitrviolino, pipnrpiano zei konceto, simfoni, zgifi’i.)
jgitrviolino x1 is violin/fiddle/ with bow x2.
(Cf. jgita, jgitrxu, mosyjgita, zgica’a.)
jgitrxu x1 is an erhu with bow x2. (Cf. jgita,
jgitrviolino, jgitrpipa, mosyjgita, zgica’a.)
jglandi x1 is a walnut of species x2. (see also
nargu, tricu)
ji’apro f1 = j1 defeats f2 = j3 in competition
f3 = j4. (Cf. fapro, jinga, bandu.)
ji’a [UI3b] discursive: additionally. (See also
jmina.)
ji’efri l1 = j1 lives/experiences life.
ji’exru x1 resurrects/brings back to life x2 = j1
by standard j2. (From xruti and jmive.)
ji’e [BAI] jimte modal, 1st place limitedly; up to
limit ...
ji’ima’u [PA*] rounded up (appended after
string of digits indicating a rounded value).
ji’ini’u [PA*] rounded down (appended after
string of digits indicating a rounded value).
ji’isku j1 = c1 expresses/says opinion c2
(sedu’u/text/lu’e concept) about subject/issue j3
to audience c3 via expressive medium c4 on
grounds j4. (j2 is defined by x2 = c2)
ji’i [PA4] digit/number: approximately (default the typical value in this context) (number).
ji’o [BAI] jitro modal, 1st place (control) controlledly; under direction of ...
ji’u [BAI] jicmu modal, 1st place (assumptions);
given that ...; based on ...
jibmu’o j2 = m1 quits/retires from job j1
(Elided SE from se jibri mulno.)
jibni [jbi] x1 is near/close to/approximates
x2 in property/quantity x3 (ka/ni). (See also
darno, nenri, vanbi, jbini, lamji, zvati, cpana,
bartu, diklo, stuzi.)
jibri [jib] x1 is a
job/occupation/employment/vocation (a type
of work regularly done for pay) of person x2.
(Working for another (= selplijibri). See also briju,
gunka, te jerna which is employment specifically
for pay and not specifically for another, te pilno
which is employment not necessarily for pay and
not necessarily regular or lasting but for another,
se gasnu and se zukte for incidental activities.)
jibycu’e c1 is a trade/vocational school at c2
teaching job skills c3 = j1 to audience/community
c4 = j2 operated by c5
jibypante p1 = j2 strikes (stops working), complaining about p2 = j1 to audience p3 with action
p4. (Cf. pante, jibri, cpedu.)
jicla x1 (object, or event: force)
stirs/mixes/[roils/agitates] fluid (gas/liquid)
x2. (Convection (= nenflejicla); agentive stirring (=
jiclygau, jiclyzu’e). See also fanza, tunta, mixre.)
jicmu [cmu] x1 is a basis/foundation/underlying or fundamental principle of x2; x1 is at the bottom of x2. (x2 is founded
on basis x1 (= selcmu for reordered places); (adjective:) x1 is basic/basal/fundamental); (generally
events and properties will be bases for events and
states, while objects may be bases/bottoms for
objects). See also cmavo list ji’u, jamfu, zbepi,
genja, krasi.)

jicycma c1 is a twig/sprig of j2 (from jimca
cmalu)
jicyjutsi’o x1 is cladistics about organisms x2
according to x3.
jicymivykle k1=jm1=ji3 is a phylum [animals]/division [plants] within/of kingdom [biology] k2=ji2. (From jimca, jmive, klesi. For biological cathegory in general (=mivyske klesi), domain
(=?), kingdom (=seljimcymivykle), phylum (=this
definition), class (=xeljutsi), order (=veljutsi), family (=terjutsi), genus (=seljutsi), species (=jutsi).)
jifselbetfu x1 is a pseudocoelomate with pseudocoelom x2.
jifxu’a xu1 is wrong, falsely claiming xu2 = j1,
by truth standard xu3. (Cf. xusra, srera.)
jijnu [jij] x1 (person) intuits x2 (du’u) about
subject x3; [epistemology]. (Words usable for epistemology typically have a du’u place. See also
djuno, facki, jimpe, jinvi, nabmi, pensi, sidbo,
smadi.)
jijyji’i jin1 = jij1 has intuition-based opinion
(suspicion) jin2 = jij2 (du’u) on subject jin3 =
70jimdaxsna jinmrplati
jij3 (Cf. jinvi, jijnu.
This word coined when looking for a suitable
word for ”to suspect”, or ”suspicion”. Intended
to be neutral, however, rather than matching the
negative connotation in English.)
jikca [jik] x1 interacts/behaves socially with
x2; x1 socializes with/is sociable towards x2. (See
also tarti, penmi.)
4 jikni x1 consists of the economic system (production and distribution and consumption) of sector components x2; x1 is economic. (x2 may be a
country or other area, the labor, capital and land
resources, and the economic agents that socially
participate in the production, exchange, distribution, and consumption of goods and services of
that area; they may be joined with JOI. pavmomseljikni for ”primary sector”, relmomseljikni for
”secondary sector”, cibmomseljikni for ”tertiary
sector”, and vonmomseljikni for ”quaternary sector”; gubyseljikni for ”public/state sector”, sivyseljikni for ”private sector”, and jikseljikni for ”social/voluntary sector”. Cf. venci’e, selpraci’e.)
jikru x1 is made of/contains/is a quantity of
liquor/spirits distilled from x2. (See also barja,
vanju, birje, xalka.)
jiksei s1 = j1 is aloof/alone/solitary/a hermit,
separated from s2 = j1.
jiksre s1 commits faux pas (social error) s2,
which is wrong under conditions s3 according to
standard s4.
jiktru t1 is an institution governing social/cooperative human behaviour t2. (Use
x2 tu’a for e.g. education. Cf. turni)
jikykamxaujdi jd1 = ji1 is tactful in making decision jd2 in matter jd3 (event/state) in social interaction with ji2.
jilka [jil] x1 is a quantity of/contains/is
made of alkali/base of composition including x2.
((adjective:) x1 is alkaline. See also sodna, bakri,
sodva.)
jilra x1 (person) is jealous of/envies x2 (person)
about/for x3 (property - ka). (See also cinmo.)
jimbo’u j1=b1 is a prosthetic bone made of
metal, performing function b2 in body b3.
jimca [jic] x1 is a branch/bough/limb of
x2; x2 forks into branches x1; [preferred over
metaphorical birka]. (Also appendage. See also
birka, rebla, tuple.)
jimda’izbe z1 is an anvil for striking metal d2 =
j2 with instrument d3. (Cf. mruli.)
jimdaxsna s1 is a zing/clang produced by
metal j1 = d2 = s2 being hit.
jimdei x1 is Friday of week x2 on calendar x3.
jimpe [jmi] x1 understands/comprehends
fact/truth x2 (du’u) about subject x3; x1 understands (fi) x3. (See also djuno, jijnu, morna, smuni,
saske, viska.)
jimsko j1 = s1 is a wire/cable of metal j2 = s2
(This may be a single or multiple strand, but must
be metallic.)
jimte [jit] x1 is a
limit/extreme/bound/border/[confinement]
of x2 in property/domain x3. (Restrain/constrain
within limits (= jitri’u, jitygau, jityzu’e). See also
cmavo list ji’e, traji, korbi, kuspe, rinju, bapli,
curmi, fanta, jbini.)
jinci x1 is a pair of shears/scissors for cutting
x2. (See also katna.)
jinga [jig ji’a] x1 (person/team)
wins/gains prize x2 from/over x3 [competitors/losers] in competition x4. (Also: x1 is a
victor; x2 reward; x3 competitors here are opponents and in many situations, defeated/losers, vs.
the set of those competing for a goal; x2 may be a
specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a
property; pedantically, for objects/commodities,
this is sumti-raising from ownership of the
object/commodity (= posyji’a, posyselji’a for
unambiguous semantics). See also cirko, jivna,
talsa, cnemu, prali, pleji, sfasa, jdima, jerna, bradi,
kargu, kelci.)
jinku x1 is a vaccine/immune-system stimulant protecting x2 against disease x3 introduced
by method x4. (Also serum; inoculation (= jestu’u
veljinku). See also jurme, mikce, jesni, bilma.)
jinkytoldu’e t1=j1 is an immune-system defi-
ciency of j2. (From jinku, toldu’e. t2, t3, j3, j4 based
on relative uselessness (you could use tanru to get
what type-of immune deficiency you’re referring
at).)
jinme [jim] x1 is a quantity of/contains/is
made of made of metal of composition including
x2. ((adjective:) x1 is metallic. See also cnisa,
gasta, lastu, margu, nikle, ransu, romge, sodna,
tinci, tirse, tunka, zinki, kunra, sodva.)
jinmrberilo x1 is beryllium. (see also jinme,
xukmi)
jinmrniobi x1 is niobium.
jinmrplati x1 is platinum.
71jitfa jmatamji
jinmrtitani x1 is titanium (metal). (See also:
jinme)
jinmrtuli x1 is thulium.
jinmrxafni x1 is hafnium.
jinru [jir] x1 (object/person) is immersed/submerged/bathes in liquid x2. (Take a
bath/bathe (= jirsezlu’i). See also lumci, nenri,
jinsa.)
jinsa [jis] x1 (object) is clean/pure of material/contaminant/dirt x2 by standard x3. (See also
lumci, jinru, curve, sepli.)
jinsru d1 = s1 is a ring/belt/band/girdle
around/circling/ringing s2 near total containment in some dimension(s).
jintitnanba n1 is a quantity of doughnut. (Cf.
jinynanba.)
jinto x1 is a well/spring of fluid x2 at location
x3. (See also krasi, djacu, fenra.)
jintyke’a k1 = j1 is a well in k2 containing fluid
j2 at location j3. (C.f. jinto, kevna.)
jinvi [jiv ji’i] x1 thinks/opines x2 [opinion] (du’u) is true about subject/issue x3 on
grounds x4. (Words usable for epistemology typically have a du’u place. See also cmavo list pe’i,
ciksi, jijnu, nabmi, pensi, senpi, sidbo, birti, pinka.)
jinynanba n1 is a bagel. (Cf. jintitnanba.)
jinzi [jiz] x1 (property - ka) is an
innate/inherent/intrinsic/natural property/quality/aspect of x2. (See also lakne,
rarna, stati, cmavo list ka’e, tcaci.)
jipci x1 is a chicken/[hen/cock/rooster]/small
fowl [a type of bird] of species/breed x2. (See also
cipni.)
jipmokca x1 is a vertex of polytope x2 at locus
x3.
jipno [jip ji’o] x1 is a
tip/point/vertex/extremity/end [0-dimension
shape/form] on object x2 at locus x3. (See also
mokca, jesni, fanmo, kojna, krasi.)
jirgau x1=g1 immerses x2=j1 in liquid x3=j2
jirlu’i l1 (agent) bathes l2 = j1 in liquid j2 = l4.
(Cf. cavlu’i, brabaktu.)
jirna x1 is a/the horn [body-part] of x2;
[metaphor: pointed extremity]. (See also jgalu,
bongu.)
jisra x1 is made of/contains/is a quantity
of juice/nectar from-source/of-type x2. (Waterbased extract from a (generally) biological source.
See also pinxe, djacu, grute, stagi.)
jitfa [jif] x1 (du’u) is false/is an untruth by
standard/epistemology/metaphysics x2. (Words
usable for epistemology typically have a du’u
place. See also fatci, stace, jetnu, cfika.)
jitro [tro] x1 has control
over/harnesses/manages/directs/conducts
x2 in x3 (activity/event/performance). (x2 are
aspects/individuals controlled within activity/event x3; manage (= selzuktro, selzukfu’e,
gu’etro, gunfu’e, xaktro, xakfu’e) (as distinct from
manager/boss = gunterbe’e, gunja’a, gunmi’e,
gunca’i). (cf. cmavo list ji’o, bapli, te bende, gidva
- which does not necessarily control or command,
jatna, macnu, minde, ponse, ralju, rinka, sazri,
turni, vlipa, xance, xlura))
jivbi’o b1 = j1 comes to the conclusion that j2
[opinion] (du’u) is true about subject/issue j3 on
grounds j4, under conditions b3. (Cf. jinvi, binxo,
lojycpa, ja’o.)
jivbu x1 weaves x2 from material/[yarn] x3.
(See also fenso, nivji.)
jivna [jvi] x1 competes/vies with opponent
x2 in contest/competition x3 (event) for gain x4;
x1 rivals x2. (Also x2 opponent(s), competitor(s),
rival(s); x3 competition, race; x4 prize, reward,
recognition (gain may be internal or external). See
also cnemu, jinga, talsa, bradi, fapro, kelci.)
jizyselpre p2 = j1 is the temperament (innate
personality) of p1 = j2. (Cf. selpre, jinzi.)
ji [A] logical connective: sumti afterthought
connective question.
jmacidni c1 is an ankle of j2 = c3
jmadegji j1 = d1 is a toe of j2 = d2. (Cf. jamfu,
degji.)
jmadegycalku c1 is a toenail of toe c2 = d1 of
body d3. (Cf. degycalku, xandegycalku, jmatajycalku, xantajycalku.)
jmagutci g1 is g2 foot/feet (length unit). (Cf.
jamfu, gutci, degygutci, tapygutci, birgutci, cibjmagutci, minli.)
jmaji [jaj] x1 (mass/jo’u) gathers/collects at
location x2 from locations x3 (mass/jo’u). (Also
focus (= seljmaji). See also crepu.)
jmani’a j1 is a sole (part of foot) of j2. (Cf.
jmati’e, jmadegji.)
jmatajycalku c1 is the big toe nail of body t3 =
j2. (Cf. jgalu, brajmadegycalku, jmatamji, degycalku, xandegycalku, xantajycalku.)
jmatamji t1 is the big toe of t3 = j2. (Cf. brajmadegji.)
72jo jufra
jmati’e t1 is a heel of j2. (Cf. jmadegji, jmani’a.)
jmavra v1 is a pedal with function v2, fulcrum
x3, and lever arm x4.
jmifa x1 is a shoal [shallow hazard]/reef of material x2 in body of water x3. (Rapids (= ri’erjmifa,
ri’ercaxno). See also caxno.)
jmina [min] x1 adds/combines x2 to/with x3,
with result x4; x1 augments x2 by amount x3. (See
also zmadu, banro, sumji, zenba, setca.)
jmisre s1 = j1 misunderstands fact/truth j2
(du’u) about subject j3, an error under conditions
s3 by standard s4. (Cf. ki’a.)
jmive [miv ji’e] x1 lives/is alive by standard x2; x1 is an organism/living thing. ((adjective:) x1 is vital, organic. See also lifri, morsi, stuzi,
zvati, xabju.)
jo’a [UI3a] discursive: metalinguistic affirmer.
(See also drani.)
jo’e [jom] [JOI] non-logical connective:
union of sets.
jo’i [JOhI] join mathematical expression (mex)
operands into an array.
jo’o [BY1] shift letterals to Arabic alphabet.
jo’u [jo’u] [JOI] non-logical connective: in
common with; along with (unmixed).
joibu [BY*] letteral: ampersand character; especially used in standing for a mixed connective.
joi [jol joi] [JOI] non-logical connective:
mixed conjunction; ”and” meaning ”mixed together”, forming a mass.
jonai [JA*] logical connective: tanru-internal
afterthought exclusive or; Latin ’aut’.
jongau g1 causes j1 to be joined to/connected
to/united with j2 at common locus j3. (Made from
jorne + gasnu.)
jonsi’u x1 are joined at/by x2. (Cf. jorne, simxu,
jonsimgau.)
jonsimgau g1 [person/agent] join s1 together.
(Cf. jorne, simxu, gasnu, jonsi’u.)
jonsumji x1 is the union of sets x2 and x3. (See
also jo’e, terkruca)
jordo [jor jo’o] x1 reflects Jordanian culture/nationality in aspect x2. (See also filso.)
jorne [jon jo’e] x1 is joined to/connects
to/is united with x2 at common locus x3; x1 and
x2 are a union. (Also joined/fastened/attached by
joint x3/by means of x3/with fastener x3; fastener
(= jo’etci, jonvelyla’a); train, sequence of joined objects (= jonpoi; porjo’e for a single object joined
into a sequence). See also lasna, fenso, kansa,
pencu, penmi.)
jo [jov] [JA] logical connective: tanruinternal afterthought biconditional/iff/if-andonly-if.
ju’aku’i [UI*] evidential: although, even
though, while, whilst
ju’a [UI2] evidential: I state - (default)
elliptical/non-specific basis. (See also xusra.)
ju’e [JOI] vague non-logical connective: analogous to plain ”.i”.
ju’icu’i [COI*] vocative: attention - at ease - ignore me.
ju’inai [COI*] vocative: attention - at ease - ignore me.
ju’i [COI] vocative: attention - at ease - ignore
me.
ju’ocai [UI*5] attitudinal modifier: intense certainty.
ju’ocu’i [UI*5] attitudinal modifier: certainty -
uncertainty - impossibility.
ju’onai [UI*5] attitudinal modifier: certainty -
uncertainty - impossibility.
ju’opei [UI*6] attitudinal: certainty question.
ju’o [UI5] attitudinal modifier: certainty - uncertainty - impossibility. (See also birti, cumki.)
ju’u [VUhU2] binary mathematical operator:
number base; [a interpreted in the base b].
jubme [jub jbu] x1 is a table/flat solid
upper surface of material x2, supported by
legs/base/pedestal x3. (See also ckana, jamfu,
nilce, zbepi, tsina, stizu.)
judgau x1 makes x2 pay attention to x3; x1 directs x2’s attention to x3.
judri x1 is an address of/are coordinates of x2 in
system x3. (See also tcita, cmene, ciste, stuzi.)
judrysni j1 = s1 is a hyperlink/URL of resource/web page j2 = s2 for browser s3. (Cf. kibro.)
jufmei x1 is a paragraph about x2 including sentence(s) x3. (Cf. jufra, mei, vlagri, vlali’i. See also
ni’o, no’i.)
jufpau p1 is a phrase of sentence p2 = j1 about
j2 in language j3.
jufra [juf ju’a] x1 (text) is
a sentence/statement about x2
[topic/subject/predicate/focus] in language
x3. (Phrase (= jufpau, suzrelvla, suzvla, gensle).
See also valsi, bangu, gerna, cusku, smuni.)
73junri jutsi
jufspi s1 is a fragment of sentence s2 = j1 about
j2 in language j3. (Cf. jufra, spisa)
juftogmo’a t1 = m1 is the intonation of sentence
j1 = m2 with characteristics t2 = m3. (Cf. jufra,
tonga, morna.)
jugbau j1 = b1 is the Chinese-Mandarin language, used by b2 to communicate b3 (si’o/du’u,
not quote) (Cf. jungo, bangu, jugygu’e, djunguos,
xa’anzu.)
jugle’u x1 is a Chinese character in writing system x2 (traditional/simplified/bopomofo/etc.)
meaning x3.
jugygu’e j1 = g1 is China. (Cf. jungo, gugde,
djunguos, gugdecunu, xa’anzu, jugbau.)
jukni [juk] x1 is a
spider/arachnid/[crustacean/crab/lobster/noninsect arthropod] of species/breed x2. (See also
cinki, danlu.)
jukpa [jup] x1 cooks/prepares food-foreating x2 by recipe/method x3 (process). (Cook
with heat (= glajukpa, glaterjukpa), bake (=
tokyjukpa); fry (= rasyjukpa). See also cupra,
bredi.)
julne [ju’e] x1 is a net/filter allowing passage of x2, prohibiting passage of x3, netting properties x4. (Also sieve. See also komcu, ciste, jgena.)
julra’o x1 is x2 degrees in angular measure (default is 1) (Cf. junla, radno, cacryra’o, plinyxabykoi, jedjipli’i. pi’e used in x2 indicates a base
of 60. )
jumske s1=j1 (mass of facts) is microbiology
studying microorganisms x2 based on methodology x3. (See also saske, jumri.)
jundi [jud ju’i] x1 is attentive towards/attends/tends/pays attention to object/affair x2. (See also kurji, zvati.)
jungau x1 tells/makes known to x2 fact(s) x3
(du’u) about subject x4 by epistemology x5. (See
also djuno gasnu)
jungo [jug] x1 reflects Chinese
[Mandarin, Cantonese, Wu, etc.] culture/nationality/language in aspect x2. (See
also xazdo.)
junkace x1 is a rush of species x2.
junla [jul] x1 is clock/watch/timer measuring time units x2 to precision x3 with timing mechanism/method x4. (Also timepiece. See also cacra,
mentu, snidu, tcika, temci.)
junpero x1 is a juniper/cedar of species/variety
x2. (some trees called ”cedar” are actually juniper;
see ricrcedro, ckunu)
junri [jur] x1 (person) is serious/earnest/has
gravity about x2 (event/state/activity). (Also
solemn (= drijunri, ri’irjunri, tcejunri). See also
tilju, xalbo, badri, ritli.)
junta x1 is the weight of object x2 in [gravitational or other force] field x3. (See also grake, linto,
tilju, bunda.)
juntymre m1 (agent) weighs object j2 as m3
units on scale m4 (si’o) in field j3. (Cf. junta,
merli.)
jupku’a x1 = k1 is a kitchen, in which x2 = j1
cooks x3 = j2, in home/building/structure x4 =
k2 surrounded by partitions/walls/ceiling/floor
x5 = k3 (mass/jo’u).
juptansi t1 is a frying pan/wok used by cook
j1 for cooking/frying/sauteing ´ j2 = t1, made of
material t3
jupybadna x1 is a plantain (banana) of species
x2. (see also plantago, badna)
jupypatxu p1 is a pot used by j1 for cooking/boiling/steaming j2 = p2 with recipe j3; pot
made of material p3
jupypesxu p1 = j2 is a baked
good/cake/mochi/doughnut/pizza
dough/pie/macaroon/[cooked paste] made from
p2 prepared by j1 according to method/recipe j3
(Cf. jukpa, pesxu, titnanba, rutytisna. Originally
coined by .lis.nunyn. on IRC. )
jupypexyboi b1 is a dumpling made from material x2 filled with material x3
jurme [jum] x1 is a bacterium/germ/microbe/protozoan/amoeba
[1-celled life] of species/defining property x2.
(See also vidru.)
jurpei j1 = p1 considers / reflects on j2 = p2.
(Cf. junri, pensi.)
jursa [jus] x1 (event/action/state) is severe/harsh to x2 [victim/experiencer]. (See also
gunta, vlile.)
jutsi [jut] x1 is a species of genus x2, family x3, etc.; [open-ended tree-structure categorization]. (Also subspecies, order, phylum; (places do
not correspond to specific levels in the hierarchy;
rather, x1 is at a ”lower” or ”bushier” part of the
tree than x2, x2 is ”lower” than x3, etc.; skipping a
place thus means that there is one or more knownand-unspecified levels of hierarchy between the
two); not limited to Linnean animal/plant taxonomy. See also klesi, lanzu.)
74ka’i kagja’a
jutske s1 is (biological) taxonomy based on
methodology s2.
juxre [jux] x1 (action) is clumsy/awkward by
standard x2. (See also sluji, muvdu.)
ju [juv] [JA] logical connective: tanruinternal afterthought whether-or-not.
jvajvo l1 is a regular/predictable lujvo (compound predicate word) with meaning l2 and arguments l3 built from phrase l4 and having an argument structure according to rule j1. (A Lojbanspecific term. The approach of jvajvo is intended
to at least constrain what the x2, x3, x4... etc. of a
lujvo may be, and also to draw the semantic values of those places from the semantic values of
the places of the component brivla. The rationale
is that the place structure of an unknown lujvo
should not require memorization. This was previously known as “dikyjvo”; a mistranslation of
“regular lujvo”, as it used the wrong sense of “regular” (see dikni).)
jvicpe c1 = j1 wages a contest c2 = j3 on c3 = j2
for gain j4. (Cf. cpedu, jivna, jamna.)
jvinu [vin ji’u] x1 is the
view/scene/panorama/sight/prospect of x2
(object/location) from point-of-view x3. (Also x1
is on display to x2/x3. See also catlu, kanla, viska,
canko, jarco.)
jvixi’a xi1 is a racehorse of breed xi2 competing
in race j3.
jvokatna k1 separates affix compound k2 into
its constituent affixes k3; k1 does morphological
analysis. (Cf. lujvo, katna, rafsi, lanli, rafske, genturfa’i)
jycybyb James Cooke Brown.
JYTeborj Gothenburg (Gothenburg (or
Goteborg in swedish), second largest city of ¨
Sweden.)
jy [BY2] letteral for j.
ka’amru m1 is an axe for cutting k2 with blade
m3 = k1 propelled by m4.
ka’arde’i d1 is an incisor of d2. (cf. denci,
gerde’i, crazalde’i, zalde’i)
ka’a [BAI] klama modal, 1st place gone to by ...
ka’e [CAhA] modal aspect: innate capability;
possibly unrealized.
ka’irtrusi’o s1 is the concept of representative democracy (default: political representative
democracy) as it applies to the governance of
t2 based on the works of thinker(s) s3 (From
krati, turni, sidbo. Cf. dzejdasratrusi’o, vricykricrutrusi’o, fairpaltrusi’o, guntrusi’o, natpamtrusi’o, tsarainaitrusi’o.)
ka’i [BAI] krati modal, 1st place represented by
...
ka’omlu s1 = k1 is sickly/appears healthy to
observer s3 by standard k2. (Cf. bi’amlu.)
ka’o [PA5] digit/number: imaginary i; square
root of -1.
ka’urji’a x1 scores/gains a point against x2 in
competition/game/contest x3.
ka’u [UI2] evidential: I know by cultural means
(myth or custom). (See also kluju’o.)
kabri x1 is a cup/glass/tumbler/mug/vessel/[bowl]
containing contents x2, and of material x3. (A
kabri is normally eaten from by lifting it; a palta is
not. See also palta, citka, blaci, tansi.)
kabrydekpu d1 is d2 cupful(s).
kabrylai k1 is k2 (quantifier, default: one) cupfuls in quantity. (Cf. kabri, klani.)
kacma x1 is a camera/photographic equipment
recording illumination type x2 images to medium
x3. (See also lenjo.)
kacmyterxra p3 takes a photo/picture p1 depicting/representing/showing p2. (Cf. kacma,
pixra, kacmyxra.)
kacmyxra p1 is a photograph of p2 taken by
photographer p3 in medium p4=k3.
kacpoi p1 is a sequence of numbers in ascending
order. (Cf. kancu, porsi, namcu, zenba)
kadno x1 reflects Canadian culture/nationality
in aspect x2. (See also bemro, glico.)
kadnyfasybau k1 = f1 = b1 is the
Canadian French language used by b2 to express/communicate b3 (si’o/du’u, not quote).
(from kadno fraso bangu c.f. fasybau)
kadnyglibau k1 = g1 = b1 is the Canadian English language used by b2 to express/communicate b3 (si’o/du’u, not quote).
(Cf. kadno, glico, bangu, glibau, bangenugu.)
kadnygu’e k1 = g1 is Canada (Cf. kadno,
gugde, KEnydys, kenyDAS.)
kafke x1 coughs/farts/burps up/out x2 [predominantly gaseous] from orifice x3. (See also
bilma, senci, sputu, vamtu.)
kafxu’i x1 is caffeine with chemical purity x2
kagja’a j1 is the president/[chairperson of the
board] of j2 = k1. (Cf. kagni, jatna, fuzrai,
kagytruralju, kagyfu’e, trokamni, vipkagni.)
75

kaguraa
kakpa kambandu
kagni [kag] x1 is a company/corporation/firm/partnership chartered
by authority x2 for purpose x3. (Also enterprise/organization (if chartered). See also kansa,
kamni, banxa, bende.)
kagyfu’e f1 is a corporate officer. (Cf. kagni,
fuzme, kagnja’a, kagntruralju.)
kagypanka p1 is a business park managed
by community/polity/company p2 for businesses/firms/corporations of type k3.. (Cf. kagni,
panka, zacpanka, zdipanka, gubypanka, fanrypanka.)
kagysamseltcana t2 is a/the private computer
network that includes nodes/computers t1 = s1
whose function/purpose is s2, installed across organization k1. (Cf. kagni, skami, tcana, mujysamseltcana, internet, intranet. May or may not be an
intranet.)
kagyseldejni d2 is/are the indebtedness/liabilities of company/corporation/firm
d1 = k1 to creditor(s) d3 for the provision of
goods /services/loans d4. (Cf. kagni, dejni,
kagyselpo’e, terdejni, ze’i zei seldejni, ze’u zei
seldejni, paurseldejni, na’arkagnoi. )
kagyselpo’e p2 is/are an/the asset(s) of company/corporation/firm/partnership p1 = k1 according to law p3. (Cf. kagni, ponse, kagyseldejni,
ra’erprali, fairprali, paurseldejni, na’arkagnoi.)
kagytruralju r1 is CEO (Chief Executive
Officer)/MD (Managing Director) of company/corporation/firm t2 = k1. (Cf. kagni,
turni, ralju, kagja’a, kagyfu’e, fuzrai, trukamni,
vipkagni.)
kai [BAI] ckaji modal, 1st place characterizing
...
kajde [jde] x1 (event/experience)
warns/cautions x2 (person) of/about danger
x3 (event/state/property). (Agentive warning (=
jdegau, jdezu’e); an attempt to warn which may
not succeed (= jdetoi, jdegautoi, jdezuktoi). See
also ckape, nupre, snura, tcica, xlura.)
kajna x1 is a shelf/counter/bar in/on/attached
to supporting object x2, for purpose x3. (See also
balni.)
kajnyta’e t1 = k2 is a cupboard for storing t2,
made of t3, with shelves k1. (Cf. kajna, tanxe.)
kakne [ka’e] x1 is able to do/be/capable of
doing/being x2 (event/state) under conditions x3
(event/state). (Also: has talent; know how to;
know how to use (= plika’e). (cf. stati, certu, gasnu
(in the time-free potential sense), cmavo list ka’e,
cmavo list nu’o, cmavo list pu’i, djuno, zifre))
kakpa x1 (agent) digs x2 [material] up/out of x3
[source/hole] with limbs/tool(s) x4. (Also x1 cuts
into x3 (with material removal). See also katna,
plixa, sraku, canpa, sraku.)
kakpyca’a c1 = k4 is an excavator/power
shovel for digging in k3, operated by k1 = c3. (Not
for pushing bulldozer.)
kakydirgo x1 is a teardrop wept by x2 for reason
x3.
kalboi b1 = k1 is an eyeball (body part) of k2.
(Cf. kalgai, kalgaikre, kalselvi’i, kalvi’i.)
kalci x1 is a/the feces/excrement/dung/shit of
x2 (animal/person); (adjective:) x1 is fecal (matter). (Also crap. See also ganxo, pinca, vikmi,
mabla, festi.)
kalcyvi’i v1 = k2 defecates/shits/poos. (Cf.
pincyvi’i.)
kalgaikre ke1 is an eyelash (body part) of ke2 =
ka2. (Cf. kalgai, kalboi, kalvi’i, kalselvi’i.)
kalgai g1 is an eyelid of eye k1 = g2.
kalmari x1 is a squid/cuttlefish of species x2.
(see also sedjmacurnu)
kalmebykre ke1 is an eyebrow (supraorbital
ridge) of ke2 = ka2 = m2. (Cf. kerfa, kanla, mebri,
kalgaikre.)
kalri [kar] x1 (portal/passage/entrance-way)
is open/ajar/not shut permitting passage/access
to x2 by x3. (As a doorway. See also ganlo, pagre,
canko, vorme.)
kalsa [kas] x1 is chaotic/disordered in property/aspect x2 (ka). (See also cunso, cnici.)
kalselvi’i x1 = v2 is a tear/tear fluid of x2 = v1.
(Cf. kalboi, kalgai, kalgaikre, molselpu’u.)
kalte [kat] x1 hunts/stalks
prey/quarry/game x2 for purpose x3. (Also
verb: to fish (= fipkalte). See also jersi, kavbu,
sisku, rivbi.)
kalvi’i v1 = k2 weeps/lacrimates tear(s) v2 from
v3 via means/route v4. (Cf. klaku, kalselvi’i,
kalboi, kalgai, kalgaikre.)
kamba’i k1 is the greatness/majesty/splendour/magnificence/grandeur
of b1 according to standard b3. (Cf. ka, banli, kamnolraitru.)
kambandu k1 is a security condition of b1 protecting b2 from threat b3. (When used as ”security”, x3 is a planned threat. ”security” is com-
76kanbas kanpe
parable to ”safety” (kamnu’a), ”reliability” (kamylacri), and ”continuity” (kamra’i).)
kambebna k1 is quality/property exhibited by
b1 of being foolish/silly/stupid in event/action
/property (ka) b2. (Cf. ka, bebna, nunbebna.)
kamfora x1 is made of/contains/is a quantity of
camphor (chemical compound)
kamjikca x1 is a society; x1 is social
kamjunmre m1 tests/evaluates/measures j1’s
knowledge of facts (du’u) j2 in subject area j3 as
m3 units on scale m4 with accuracy m5 (The x2
through x4 places are = m2 )
kamju x1 is a column/pillar of material x2.
(Spine (= bogykamju), vertebra (= kamjybo’u). See
also ckana, garna, sanli, slanu.)
kamjybo’u k1 = b1 is a vertebra of b3 ; b3 is a
vertebrate. (Cf. bongu, bogykamju, terbo’u.)
kamjysunga x1 is a leek of variety x2. (see also
sunga, sluni, tu’ursluni)
kamka’o kam1 is the health of kan1 by standard
kan2. (Cf. kanro.)
kamni x1 (mass) is a committee with
task/purpose x2 of body x3. (Board of directors/trustees/cabinet (= trukamni, gritrukamni).
See also bende, kagni.)
kamnolraitru k1 is the majesty of t1 = n1 being
a regent/monarch of t2 by standard n2. (Cf. ka,
nobli, traji, turni, kamba’i.)
kampu [kau] x1 (property - ka) is common/general/universal among members of set x2
(complete set). (Only fully universal sense applies;
x1 must be found in all members of x2. For the
non-universal sense see fadni and zilfadni. See
also cafne, rirci, fadni, cnano, tcaci, lakne, cmima,
simxu.)
kamra’a k1 is the relation of s1 to s2. (Cf. srana,
ckini, jorne.)
4 kamro x1 reflects Welsh language/culture in
aspect x2.
kamsutra k1 is the speed of s1 doing/being/bringing about s2. (Cf. ka, sutra,
nilsutra.)
kamtatpi k1 is the fatigue of t1 in being/doing
t2 (event). (Cf. tatpi, sipna)
kamtsa k1 is the strength of t1 in property/quality t2 (ka). (Cf. ka, tsali.)
kamvli k1 is the power of v1 in aspect v2 under
conditions v3. (Cf. ka, vlipa, trubasti.)
kamyzi’e x1 is the quality of whom/what is free
to do/be x2 = z2; x1 is freedom/liberty of x2 = z2
(Cf. ka, zifre, nunzi’e, selzi’e, zi’ejva.)
kanbas x1 is Capricornus [astronomical constellation]/Capricorn [astrological sign]. (From goat
(=kanba). Capricornus is Latin for ”horned male
goat” or ”goat horn”. Anyway, both male and female of the genus Capra have horns.)
kanba x1 is a goat/angora/[billy-goat/kid] of
species/breed x2. (See also lanme, sunla.)
kanbyma’i x1 is January of year x2 in calendar
x3. (Cf. pavmasti, nanca, jaurbeima’i, fipma’i,
lanma’i, bakma’i, matsi’uma’i, mlajukma’i, cinfyma’i, xlima’i, laxma’i, rebjukma’i, celma’i.)
kancu [kac] x1 (agent) counts the number in
set x2 to be x3 [number/count] counting [off] by
units x4. ((x2 is complete set); See also kanji, satci,
merli.)
kandiru x1 is a candiru of species/variety ´ x2.
(syn. finprvandeli, pincyfi’e; see also latfi’e)
kandi [kad] x1 is dim/dull/pale/non-intense
in property x2 (ka) as received/measured by observer x3. (In colors, indicates unsaturated, pastel,
pale (though blabi can also indicate a kind of paleness). See also blabi, carmi, klina, linto, manku,
murse, ruble, skari, milxe, blanu, bunre, cicna,
crino, grusi, narju, nukni, pelxu, xekri, xunre,
zirpu.)
kanguru x1 is a kangaroo of species/breed x2.
(Cf. daskymabru, daskycribe, sralo, plipe.)
kanji [kaj] x1 calculates/reckons/computes
x2 [value (ni)/state] from data x3 by process x4.
(See also kancu, jdice, skami.)
kanjunla j1 = k1 is a watch (portable timepiece)
measuring time units j2 to precision j3 with timing
mechanism j4. (Cf. junla, temci.)
kanla [kal] x1 is a/the eye [body-part] of x2;
[metaphor: sensory apparatus]; (adjective:) x1 is
ocular. (x1 is optic. See also jvinu, kerlo, viska,
kumte.)
4 kanpe x1 expects/looks for the occurence of
x2 (event), expected likelihood x3 (0-1, default li
so’a (i.e. near 1)); x1 subjectively evaluates the
likelihood of x2 (event) to be x3. (The value of
x3 is a subjective estimate of likeliness according
to x1, and is the basic determinant of whether
kanpe means something like ”hope” or ”wish” or
”expect”, although kanpe never carries the connotation of desire; for that connotation see pacna.
kanpe with x3 not very close to 1 has no simple equivalent in English, but for objects/states
with negligible expectation it is something like
77karda katna
”wishing”; if the state is plausibly likely, it is
something like ”hoping”. In both cases, though,
the English implication of emotional desire is not
present. The value will usually be expressed using inexact numbers (”li piso’u” to ”li piro”); nondesirous wish (= ??), non-desirous hope (= ??); (cf.
djica, pacna))
kanro [ka’o] x1 is healthy/fit/well/in good
health by standard x2. (See also bilma, mikce.)
kansa [kan] x1 is with/accompanies/is a
companion of x2, in state/condition/enterprise x3
(event/state). (x1 is together with/along with x2.
See also kagni, jorne, gunma, girzu, lasna.)
kansi’u x1 do x2 together. (See also jo’u)
kantu [ka’u] x1 is a quantum/ray/elementary particle/smallest measurable increment of property/activity x2. (Quantum
ray (= bonka’u). (cf. selci for masses and most
objects; ratni, gradu, gusni, nejni, linji))
kanxa’u xa1 = k1 is a roommate of/lives with
k2 at location/habitat/nest/home/abode x3 =
xa2.
kanxe [kax] x1 is a conjunction, stating that x2
(du’u) and x3 (du’u) are both true. (See also vlina.)
kapcikna cikna1 = skapi2 experiences goose
bumps.
kapkevna k1 is a skin pore of
pelt/skin/hide/leather k2 = s1 from x3 = s2. (Cf.
nazbi, pilka, xasne.)
kapsiku x1 is a chili/bell pepper (Capsicum) of
species/variety x2. (cf. cpina, spatrpiperi, tamca,
patlu, tanko, mlongena)
kapxra x1 = p1 is a tattoo/body
art/brand/[image on the body] depicting x2 = p2
on animal/body part x3 = s2 made by artist
x4 = p3 (Cf. skapi, pixra.)
karbi [kab] x1 [observer] compares x2 with
x3 in property x4 (ka), determining comparison
x5 (state). (See also klani, mapti, sarxe, zmadu,
mleca, dunli.)
karce x1 is a car/automobile/truck/van [a
wheeled motor vehicle] for carrying x2, propelled
by x3. (See also carce, xislu, marce, sabnu.)
karcutci c1 is a sandal for protecting feet c2, and
of material c3. (Cf. tupcutci, smoka.)
karcycelxa’i x1 = c1 = k2 is a self-propelled
artillery gun for use against x2 by x3, launching
projectile c2 propelled by c3. (Cf. karce, cecla,
xarci, xumjimcelxa’i, gutyjamkarce, xiljamkarce,
karcycelxa’i, sorjaknykarce.)
karda x1 is a card [small nearly-2-dimensional
shape/form] of material x2, shape x3. ((x3 shape
default rectangular); See also matci, tapla, plita.)
karfigre f1 is in the genus Dorstenia, species f2
kargau g1 opens portal/passage/entranceway
k1, permitting access to k2 by k3. (Cf. kalri, gasnu,
toltelgau.)
kargu x1 (object/commodity/property/event)
is costly/expensive/dear to x2 by standard x3.
(x1 may be a specific object, a commodity
(mass), an event, or a property; pedantically, for
objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising from
ownership of the object/commodity (= poskargu
for unambiguous semantics). See also vamji,
dirba, vajni, jdima, pleji, canja, jerna, jinga, jemna,
sfasa, vecnu.)
karkade x1 is hibiscus of species/variety x2.
karkaju k1 is a wolverine of variety k2.
karli x1 is a collar/ring/belt/band
around/surrounding x2 made of material x3.
(Also sphincter. See also sruri, djine.)
karni x1 is a journal/periodical/magazine/[newspaper] with
content x2 published by x3 for audience x4. (x2
may be a subject, but not all journals have a single
subject; all have some sort of principle defining
what is included, so this need not be a list. See
also papri, pelji, tcidu.)
karnyke’u x1 is the x3’rd issue/number of
journal/periodical/magazine/publication x2
with content x4 published by x5 for audience x6 .
karpo’ijbe j1 = k3 hatches from eggshell j2 =
p1 = k1 (kalri+porpi+jbena This is based on the lujvo karpo’i, glossed as ”something breaks open”.
It is not obvious to me whether any of k2 (portal
destination), p2 (pieces of broken thing), j3 (birthdate), or j4 (birthplace) are appropriate to include
in this lujvo.)
karpo’i x1 is an open-break with broken piece
x2.
karsna s1 is a vowel sound. (Cf. zunsna.)
kartamo x1 is safflower of species/variety x2.
kartuli x1 is Georgian (Caucasus) in aspect x2.
(see also sakartulos)
karvana x1 is a caravan consisting of x2 traveling across/through x3 (Cf. bende, girzu, gunma.)
katkana x1 is a katakana (Japanese syllabary) of
sound x2. (Cf. lerfu.)
katna [ka’a] x1 (tool/blade/force) cuts
[through]/splits/divides x2 (object) into pieces
78kelci ketco
x3. (For x1 force, it is a force acting as a blade, not
acting upon a blade; agentive cutting (= ka’argau,
ka’arzu’e). (cf. kakpa, sraku for cutting into
without division; plixa, dakfu, jinci, porpi, spofu,
tunta, xrani, fatri, fendi, balre, dilcu))
kaurdata x1 is a salamander of family/genus/species x2. (Cf. banfi.)
kaurselju’o d2 = k1 is common sense to knowers d1 = k2 about subject d3 by epistemology d4.
(Cf. selju’o, kampu.)
kau [UI3a] discursive: marks word serving as
focus of indirect question: ”I know WHO went to
the store”.
kavbu [kav] x1 captures/catches/apprehends/seizes/nabs x2 with
trap/restraint x3. (Catch something thrown (=
rerkavbu). See also jersi, kalte, pinfu, sisku, se
rinju.)
ka [kam] [NU] abstractor: property/quality
abstractor (-ness); x1 is quality/property exhibited
by [bridi].
ke’a [KOhA7] pro-sumti: relativized sumti (object of relative clause).
ke’e [kep ke’e] [KEhE] elidable terminator: end of tanru left grouping override (usually
elidable).
ke’i [GAhO] open interval bracket marker;
modifies intervals in non-logical connectives; exclude boundaries.
ke’o [COI] vocative: please repeat.
ke’unai [UI*3] discursive: repeating - continuing.
ke’usku x1 repeats x2 (sedu’u/text) to audience
x3 via expressive medium x4 for the x5th time.
(See also krefu, cusku)
ke’u [UI3] discursive: repeating - continuing.
(See also refbasna, krefu, rapli, velde’a.)
kecti [kec ke’i] x1 (person) pities/feels
sorry for x2 (person) about x3 (abstraction). (See
also cinmo, xendo.)
keigri k1 = g1 is a team / play group together
playing / playing with plaything / toy / game
k2 = g2; members are from set g3 linked by relations g4. (Made from kelci + girzu.)
keirmu’u x1 is a moving piece used in a game
x2.
keirta’o x1 is a board used for playing the game
x2.
kei [kez] [KEI] elidable terminator: end abstraction bridi (often elidable).
kelci [kel kei] x1 [agent] plays with plaything/toy x2. (Play game (= ci’erkei), play competitively (= jvikei). See also jivna, jinga, zdile.)
kelcrkroke x1 plays croquet against x2 in competition x3 for prize/title x4. (Cf. krokete, kroke,
kriketi, ga’arboijvi, bolci, mruli. )
kelgi’a g1 is a game master/dungeon master for
players k1 = g2 in role-playing game g3.
kelka’u x1 is a turn/move by player x2 in game
x3.
kelkubli ku1 is a die/are dice for game x2 with
surfaces/sides ku3 (default 6). (Shortened from ke
nu kelci ke’e kubli. Omitted ku2 (dice have always
three dimensions). Cf. cu’arkubli.)
kelvo [ke’o] x1 is x2 degree(s) Kelvin [metric
unit] in temperature (default is 1) by standard x3.
(See also gradu, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo,
gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi,
petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro.)
kelvrfarenxaito x1 is x2 degrees Fahrenheit in
temperature by standard x3. (Cf. jacke’o, glare,
lenku, dunja, febvi.)
kenra [ken] x1 is a cancer [malignant disease]
in x2. (See also bilma, mikce, spita.)
kensa [kes] x1 is outer space near/associated
with celestial body/region x2. (See also canlu,
munje, terdi, tsani.)
KEnydys Canada (Cf. kadnygu’e, kenyDAS,
gugdecu’a.)
kerfa [kre] x1 is a/the hair/fur [body-part]
of x2 at body location x3. (See also skapi, sunla,
pimlu.)
kerlakse l1 is earwax/cerumen. (Cf. kerlo,
lakse.)
kerlo [ker] x1 is a/the ear [body-part] of x2;
[metaphor: sensory apparatus, information gathering]. ((adjective:) x1 is aural. See also kanla,
savru, smaji, tirna, ractu.)
kernerbo’o n1 = b1 is an eardrum (tympanic
membrane) of n2 = k2. (The tympanic membrane
separates the external ear from the middle ear. Cf.
kerlo, tirna, sance.)
kerza’u k1 = z1 is an earlobe of k2 = z2. (Cf.
kerlo.)
kesyske x1 is astronomy based on methodology x2.
ketco [ket tco] x1 reflects South American
culture/nationality/geography in aspect x2. (See
also merko, xispo, brazo, gento, spano.)
79kibro kisto
ketlete x1 has a body mass index of x2 by standard x3.
kevna [kev ke’a] x1 is a cavity/hole/hollow/cavern in x2; x1 is concave
within x2; x2 is hollow at locus x1. (Also pit,
depression, concavity; hollow (= selke’a). See also
fenra, kunti, canlu, canko, galxe, tubnu.)
kevypracpi ci1 = cu1 is a woodpecker/wryneck/piculet/sapsucker of species ci2
(Family Picidae)
kevyxejyji’o k1 = xe1 = j1 is a cleft/dimple
chin of xe2. (Cf. flira, kevna, xedja, xejyji’o.)
kevzda k1 = z1 is a cave for housing x2 = z2,
located in x3 = k2.
ke [kem] [KE] start grouping of tanru, etc; ...
type of ... ; overrides normal tanru left grouping.
(Cf. ke’e, bo.)
4 ki’ai [COI2] Converts following cmevla or
zoi-quote into a nonce interjection/attitudinal.
(See sa’ei)
ki’anai [UI*6] non-question: understanding of
something said.
ki’arzau z1 = k1 applauds/acclaims/praises
loudly action z2 (object/event) with sound k2. (Cf.
krixa, zanru, xanvruzau, geirki’a.)
ki’asku c1 = k1 shouts/cries out c2 = k2
(sedu’u/text/lu’e concept) to audience c3 via expressive medium c4 (from krixa cusku)
ki’a [UI6] attitudinal question: confusion about
something said. (See also cfipu, kucli.)
ki’enai [COI*] vocative: thanks - no thanks to
you.
ki’e [COI] vocative: thanks - no thanks to you.
ki’i [BAI] ckini modal, 1st place (related to) relatively; as a relation of ...
ki’ogra g1 is g2 kilograms in mass by standard
g3.
ki’otre x1 is x2 kilometres long in direction x3
by standard x4. (Cf. gusminli, darno.)
ki’o [PA3] digit/number: number comma;
thousands.
ki’u ma [BAI*] sumti question asking for a rational explanation/justification; why?.
ki’unai [BAI*] krinu modal, 1st place despite
reason ...
ki’u [BAI] krinu modal, 1st place (justified by)
justifiably; because of reason ...
kibdu’a d1 uploads d2 to d3 = k1. (Cf. kibro,
dunda, kibycpa.)
4 kibro x1 pertains to the internet/cyberspace
in aspect x2. (Proposed by xorxes. Short rafsi -kib-.
Cf. mujysamseltcana.)
kibyca’o c1 is a web browser for retrieving/presenting/traversing information k1. (Cf.
kibro, canko, zgana, datni, kibycpa, kibdu’a.)
kibykarni ki1 = ka1 is an internet-journal/webarticle/blog (web-log) with content ka2 published
by ka3 for audience ka4 (Cf. kibro, karni, snukarni,
snustu.)
kibypapri p1 is a web page of site p2 = k1. (Cf.
kibro, papri, kibyca’o.)
kicne [kic ki’e] x1 cushions x2 with material x3; x1 is a cushion/pillow/pad [for x2] of
padding material x3. (See also ckana, matci.)
kijno [kij] x1 is a quantity of/contains/is
made of oxygen (O); [metaphor: supporting
life/combustion]. (See also jelca, vacri, vasxu.)
kijycau c1 lacks oxygen k1; c1 is anaerobic. (Cf.
claxu.)
kilga’axa’i x1 = xa1 = g1 = k1 is a
lance/spear/javelin/pointed-rod weapon for use
against x2 = xa2 by x3 = xa3 of material x4 = g2.
(kinli grana xarci; this lujvo structure is from noralujv. The author of this definition is uncertain
that jesxa’i would not be a better lujvo for the purpose.)
kilga’a x1 spear/lance/assegai made of x2. (Cf.
kinli, grana, rerga’a.)
kilto [ki’o] x1 is a thousand [1000; 10
3
] of
x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). (See
also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo,
xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto,
femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, megdo, mikri, milti,
nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti,
zetro, minli)
kinli [kil] x1 is sharp/keen at locus x2. (See
also balre, dakfu, jesni.)
kinpei p1 = s3 = s4 thinks about subject p2 = s2
by imagining s1 which is like an imaginary movie
about that subject.
kinsle x1 = s1 is a frame from motion picture x2 = k1 about x3 = k2
[plot/theme/subject/activity] ((skina x3, x4 omitted for lack of usefulness.) Cf. skina for some
useful lujvo you can tanru-ize this with – eg
”selxraci’a skina” -¿ frame of drawn animation ,
selci)
kisto [kis] x1 reflects Pakistani/Pashto culture/nationality/language in aspect x2. (See also
80klanrdjuli klina
xurdo.)
kisybau k1 = b1 is the Pakistani Urdu language used by b2 to communicate b3 (si’o/du’u,
not quote) (from kisto bangu c.f. xurbau.)
kisyglibau k1 = g1 = b1 is the Pakistani English
language used by b2 to express/communicate b3
(si’o/du’u, not quote). (Cf. kisto, glico, bangu,
glibau, bangenugu, kisybau)
kisygu’e k1 = g1 is Pakistan. (Cf. kisto, gugde,
gugdepuku. The ’national’ language of Pakistan is
xurbau. )
kitselzba x1 is pottery made by x2 of clay x3.
(see also staku)
kitybli b1 is a clay-based building brick of composition k2, surfaces/sides s4. (Cf. kliti, bliku.)
kityzba x1 is a potter who makes x2 out of clay
x3. (see also kitselzba, staku)
ki [KI] tense/modal: set/use tense default; establishes new open scope space/time/modal reference base.
klacpe c1 calls/summons c3 = k1 to location k2
in manner/form c4. (Cf. cpedu.)
klaje’i j1 = k1 follows j2 to destination k2 from
origin k3 via route k4 by means k5. (Cf. klama,
jersi.)
klaji [laj] x1 is a
street/avenue/lane/drive/cul-desac/way/alley/[road] at x2 accessing x3. (Also
corridor; not typically a route between points,
but offers access to sites along it. See also naxle,
panka, pluta, dargu.)
klaku [kak] x1 weeps/cries tears x2 about/for
reason x3 (event/state). (See also badri, krixa.)
klama [kla] x1 comes/goes to destination x2
from origin x3 via route x4 using means/vehicle
x5. (Also travels, journeys, moves, leaves to ...
from ...; x1 is a traveller; (x4 as a set includes points
at least sufficient to constrain the route relevantly).
See also cadzu, bajra, marce, vofli, litru, muvdu,
cpare, cmavo list ka’a, pluta, bevri, farlu, limna,
vitke.)
klami’e m1 summons m2 = k1 to k2 from k3 via
route k4. (Cf. klama, minde, klacpe.)
klani [lai] x1 is a quantity quanti-
fied/measured/enumerated by x2 (quantifier) on
scale x3 (si’o). (Also count. See also cmavo list
la’u, namcu.)
klanrbeli x1 measures x2 bels on scale x3 (si’o).
(One bel is equal to 10 decibels. Cf. klani, sance,
cladu.)
klanrdjuli g1 is g2 joule(s) of energy (default is
1) by standard g3. (Cf. djaule, klanrniut,ni, klanrxuati.)
klanrfaradi g1 is g2 farad(s) of capacitance (default is 1) by standard g3. (Cf. terdikca, xampo.)
klanrniut,ni g1 is g2 newton (s) of force (default is 1) by standard g3. (Cf. niutni,
ki’orgratretrefrinynidysnidu.)
klanrpaskali x1 is x2 pascal(s) of pressure (default is 1) by standard x3. (Cf. klanrniut,ni.)
klanrtesla g1 is g2 tesla(s) of magnetic field B
(default is 1) by standard g3. (Cf. maksi.)
klanrvolta g1 is g2 volt(s) of electromotive force
(default is 1) by standard g3. (Cf. xampo, klanrxomi, klanrxuati, klanrdjuli, terdikca.)
klanrxenri g1 is g2 henry/henries of inductance
(default is 1) by standard g3. (Cf. enri, klanrvolta,
xampo.)
klanrxertsi g1 is g2 hertz of frequency (default is
1) by standard g3. (Cf. ertso.)

klanrxomi g1 is g2 ohm(s) of electrical
impedance/resistance (default is 1) by standard g3. (Cf. omso, xampo, klanrvolta, klanrxuati,
klanrzimenzi.)
klanrxuati g1 is g2 watt(s) of power (default is
1) by standard g3. (Cf. klanrdjuli, klanrvolta,
xampo.)
klanrzimenzi g1 is g2 siemens of electrical conductance (default is 1) by standard g3. (klanrxomi,
klanrvolta, xampo.)
klasazri x1 = s1 = k1 drives x2 = s2 = k5 to
x3 = k2 from x4 = k3 via route x5 = k4 (Used
to specify agentive operation of the transportation
vehicle, as opposed to simply being carried by it.
See also: sazri, klama, ma’ekla)
klaunji x1 is blackseed/nigella of
species/variety x2
klesi [kle lei] x1 (mass/si’o) is a
class/category/subgroup/subset within x2
with defining property x3 (ka). (Also type, kind,
classification, species, genus, family, order, phylum. See also cmavo list le’a, cmima, jutsi, ciste,
girzu, lanzu, vrici.)
klina [kli] x1 (object/medium) is
clear/transparent/without obstacle to in-theclear x2 [transmission]. (Also lucid; x2 remains
apparent/lucid/clear (figurative use for ’understandable’ is discouraged, better expressed as =
filseljmi or filsmu). (cf. kandi, zunti - nalzu’i is
better for ’unhindered’))
81koinka konju
kliru x1 is a quantity of/contains/is made of
halogen of type x2 [chlorine, fluorine, iodine, etc.].
(Also bromine; default chlorine. See also xukmi.)
klisodva x1 is made of/contains/is a quantity
of a clear/transparent carbonated beverage/soda
of sweet flavor, of brand x2. (Not any carbonated beverage, but one which is transparent and
with sweet flavor, like Sprite (=sprait), 7-up, Sockerdricka (=a soft drink that is consumed in Sweden) or similar. Another flavor may be added and
expressed as a tanru, as long as the combination
doesn’t differ too much from the characteristics of
klisodva.)
kliti [kit] x1 is a quantity of/contains/is
made of clay [moist, clammy dirt] of composition
including x2. (See also dertu, pesxu, staku.)
klubarcreka c1 = b1 = k1 is a jumper of material
c2. (A loose outer jacket (barcreka). Cf. creka.)
kluce’u c1 is a society of c2 = k2 with cultural
aspects k1. (Cf. cecmu, kulnu, jikca, kulnu.)
klupe [lup lu’e] x1 is a screw [fastener] for
purpose x2, threads [pitch, material] x3, frame[size, material] x4
klura’a s1 pertains to culture of s2 = k2 (Cultural gismu replacement lujvo for cultures: From
gismu kulnu and srana)
kluske s1 is social anthropology
kluza [luz] x1 (obj.) is loose/bloused/not
tight on x2 (obj.) at locus x3
kluzei z1 is a taboo in culture z2 = k1.
ko’a [KOhA4] pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #1
(specified by goi).
ko’e [KOhA4] pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #2
(specified by goi).
ko’i [KOhA4] pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #3
(specified by goi).
ko’otli x1 is a coyote of subspecies/breed x2.
ko’o [KOhA4] pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #4
(specified by goi).
ko’u [KOhA4] pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #5
(specified by goi).
kobli [kob ko’i] x1 is a quantity of cabbage/lettuce/leafy vegetable of species/strain x2.
koblrsinapi x1 is mustard of species/variety x2.
(especially mustard greens
koinka x1 is a cognac distilled from grapes x2.
(Cf. xalka, jikru, vanjyjikru, vanju. For brandies
without an AOC designation use vanjyjikru.)
koizva x1 = z1 is at an
edge/margin/border/curb/boundary of x2 = k2
next-to/bordering-on x3 = k3; x1 = z1 skirts
x2 = k2. (Cf. korbi, zvati)
koi [BAI] korbi modal, 1st place (bordered by)
bounded by ...
kojna [koj ko’a] x1 is a corner/point/atleast-3-dimensional [solid] angle [shape/form]
in/on x2, of material x3. (Also apex; a corner exists on three dimensions but need not be limited to
points; it suggests a discontinuity in slope in some
direction; i.e. in some planar cross-section
kokaKOlys Coca-Cola.
kokcinela x1 is a ladybug/ladybird/lady beetle
of genus/species x2. (see cakcinki, spacivla)
kolbasa x1 is a sausage made of x2. (Not necessarily with a gut skin; see also tisycanti.)
KOLkatas Kolkata
kolmba x1 is a pigeon/dove of genus/species
x2. (more general than tcacpi)
kolme [kol ko’e] x1 is a
quantity of/contains/is made of
coal/peat/anthracite/bituminous from source x2.
(See also tabno, tarla.)
komcu [kom] x1 is a comb [many-needled
shape] of material x2 with tines/needles x3. (See
also julne, forca, burcu.)
konceto zei pagbu p1 is a movement of concerto for solo instruments k2, number k3 in key
k4 composed by k5
konceto x1 is concerto number x2 in key x3
composed by x4 performed by/at x5( event)
kondomo x1 is a condom of x2 size for x3 sex
and x4 material
konfuzi x1 pertains to the Confucist culture/religion/ethos in aspect x2
konjaku x1 is konjac of species/variety x2. (see
also samcrtaro, samcu)
konju [kon ko’u] x1 is a cone [shape/form]
of material x2 with vertex x3. (Also ellipse, ellipsoid (= konclupa)
korbi [kor koi] x1 is an
edge/margin/border/curb/boundary of x2
next-to/bordering-on x3. (See also cmavo list koi,
greku, mlana, jimte, ctebi, bartu.)
korcu [kro] (adjective:) x1 is
bent/crooked/not straight or direct/[twisted]/folded. (See also cinje, klupe,
kruvi, polje, sarlu, sirji, bargu, genxu.)
korgretro t1 controls g1 = t2 who crosses g2 =
k1 to g3 = k2 from g4 = k2. (see also natmi, pagre,
jaspu)
korka [kok] x1 is a quantity of/contains/is
made of cork/bark from tree/species x2; [material]. (See also tricu, calku, skapi, stagi.)
korsenta s1 = k1 is a cortex (outermost layer)
of structure s3 = k2. (x2 may be an organ, a cell, a
plant, or a rock. Cf. skapi, pilka, sefta.)
4 korvo s1 is a crow/raven of species s2.
kosta [kos] x1 is a
coat/jacket/sweater/cloak/[cape/shawl/pullover]
[extra outer garment] of material x2
kotledona x1 is a cotyledon of seed x2 of plant
x3.
kotygu’e g1 is Scotland (country). (Cf. ritygu’e,
gligu’e.)
ko [KOhA3] pro-sumti: you (imperative); make
it true for you, the listener.
krafamtei x1 is the duration of x2. (See also ze’a,
ze’e, ze’i, ze’o, ditcu, faurtei)
kraga’igau gas1 resets/changes gal1 to its original value/content. (Cf. krasi, galfi, gasnu,
ninga’igau.)
4 krali x1 (NU) is a legal/moral entitlement of
x2 (individual/mass) by standard x3. (Normative principles, variously construed as legal, social, or moral freedoms or entitlements. rarkrali
for ”natural rights and flakrali for ”legal rights”;
xuskrali for ”claim rights” and zifkrali for ”liberty rights”; crukrali for ”positive rights” and
ri’urkrali for ”negative rights”; sepkrali for ”individual rights” and gumkrali for ”group rights”;
selcemkrali for ”civil rights” and seljeckrali for
”political rights”; jiknykrali for ”economic rights”,
jikykrali for ”social rights”, and klukrali for ”cultural rights”; remkrali for ”human rights” and
dalkrali for ”animal rights”. Cf. selfla, selzi’e,
terzi’e, selzau, selpikta.)
krambola x1 is a starfruit/carambola of variety
x2.
kramu x1 is x2 local area unit(s) [non-metric]
(default 1) by standard x3, x4 subunits. ((additional subunit places may be added as x5, x6, ...);
See also rupnu, fepni, dekpu, gutci, minli, merli,
bunda.)
krasi [kra] x1 (site/event) is a
source/start/beginning/origin of x2 (object/event/process). (Also root (figurative
sense); (adjective:) x1 is initial. See also fanmo,
cmavo list ra’i, sabji, cfari, jipno, traji, kojna, genja,
jicmu, sitna, jinto.)
krastu s1 = k1 is the origin of s2 = k2. (Cf.
terkla, famstu.)
krataigo x1 is a hawthorn of species/variety x2.
krati [ka’i] x1 represents/is an
agent/proxy/stands-in for [absent] x2 in matter(s)/function(s) x3. (Also: on behalf of. See also
cmavo list ka’i, jansu, catni, vipsi, pulji.)
krebasti b1 is wig/toupee/mirkin worn by k2
on body location k3. (Cf. kerfa, basti, runkre.)
krebu’u b1 is an amount of velvet/velour/towelling/tufted cloth of
type/material b2.
krefu [ref ke’u] x1 (event) is the x3’rd recurrence/repetition of x2 (abstract); x2 happens
again in [form] x1. (Also case, another, instance,
different, other, time, occasion. See also fukpi,
rapli, cafne, fasnu, xruti.)
krekalsa ka1 = ke2 has disheveled/tousled hair
(from kerfa kalsa)
krelu’i x1 washes x2’s hair, removing x3 with
shampoo x4.
kresi’e s1 is dandruff on the head of k2. (Cf.
kerfa, snime.)
krevelylu’i x1 is a shampoo for washing x2’s
hair, removing x3, used by x4.
krevi’u x1 = v1 shaves/[removes hair] x2 =
k1 = v2 from x3 = k2 = v3 (Applies to any form of
hair removal, not necessarily with a blade.)
krici [kri] x1 believes [regardless of
evidence/proof] belief/creed x2 (du’u) is
true/assumed about subject x3. (”without
evidence” refers to objective external evidence;
also gives credence, has conviction. See also censa,
cevni, lijda, makfa, malsi, senpi, birti.)
kriketi x1 plays cricket against x2 in competition
x3 for prize/title x4. (Cf. ga’arboijvi, krokete, kelcrkroke.)
krili x1 is a quantity of/contains/is made of
crystal of composition x2 in form/arrangement x3.
83ku’inai kukfusra
(x2: composition including x2, which need not be
complete specification. See also jemna, bisli.)
krinu [rin ki’u] x1 (event/state)
is a reason/justification/explanation
for/causing/permitting x2 (event/state). (See
also ciksi, rinka, nibli, mukti, se jalge, te zukte,
cmavo list ki’u, bapli.)
kriofla x1 is a clove bud/tree of species/variety
x2. (see also cifxrula, baljypau)
krixa [kix ki’a] x1 cries out/yells/howls
sound x2; x1 is a crier. (See also klaku, bacru.)
kro’oke x1 croquets x2’s ball. (Cf. kelcrkroke,
krokete, bolci, mruli.)
krobi’o b1 = k1 bends under conditions b3. (Cf.
korcu, binxo, krosa’i, bolbi’o, krori’a.)
krogarna k1 = g1 is bow/arc supporting/restraining g2, of material g3.
krokete x1 plays croquet against x2 in competition x3 for prize/title x4. (Cf. kelcrkroke, kroke,
kriketi, ga’arboijvi, bolci, mruli.)
krokodilo x1 is a crocodile (family Crocodylidae) of breed x2
krori’a r1 (event/state) bends/flexes k1 under
conditions r3. (Cf. korcu, rinka, krobi’o.)
krorinsa r1 = k1 curtseys in front of r2. (Cf.
korcu, rinsa, krosa’i.)
krosa’i s1 = k1 bows/takes a bow on surface s2
supported by limbs/supports s3. (Cf. korcu, sanli,
krorinsa, sa’orgau, dzibi’o, demtse.)
krotofaga x1 is an ani of species x2. (see also
cipnrkuku)
kruca [kuc] x1 intersects/crosses/traverses
x2 at locus x3. (See also cripu, ragve.)
kruji [ruj] x1 is made of/contains/is a quantity of cream/emulsion/puree [consistency] of
composition x2. ([x2: composition including x2,
which need not be complete specification]]; See
also ladru, matne.)
kruvi [ruv kru] x1 is a curve/turn/bend
in x2, at locus x3, and defined by set of
points/properties x4. ((adjective:) x1 is curved;
(x4 as a set of points is sufficiently specified to
identify the relevant properties of the bend). See
also korcu, bargu, genxu, linji, sirji.)
ku’a [kuz] [JOI] non-logical connective: intersection of sets.
ku’e [KUhE] elidable terminator: end mathematical (mex) forethought (Polish) expression; often elidable.
ku’inai [UI3b] discursive: hence/therefore.
(Used to draw conclusions in accordance with
what said previously, as opposed to ku’i (in contrast).)
ku’i [UI3b] discursive: however/but/in contrast. (See also karbi, dukti, nalpanra.)
ku’o [KUhO] elidable terminator: end NOI relative clause; always elidable, but preferred in complex clauses.
ku’u [BAI] kulnu modal, 1st place in culture ...
kuadragesim Lent
kuarka x1 is a quark with flavor x2. (Cf. kantu,
guska’u, lektoni.)
kubli [kub] x1 is a cube/regular polyhedron/polygon of dimensions x2 (def. 3), surfaces/sides x3 (def. 6). ((cf. kurfa - needed for
’cube’, bliku for a physical object; tanbo, tapla,
tarmi))
kuclanli l1 cross examines l2. (Cf. kruca, lanli,
retsku.)
kucli x1 is curious/wonders about/is interested
in/[inquisitive about] x2 (object/abstract). (Inquisitive (= retkucli). See also manci, sisku, se
cinri.)
kucyga’asni x1 is a crucifix. (See also kucyga’a)
kucyga’a x1 is a cross made of x2.
kucysimgau g1 folds/crosses/intertwines
s1(set). (Cf. kruca, simxu, gasnu.)
kucyvla x1 = v1 = k1 is a word/quotation
crossing other words/quotations, meaning/defined by x2 = v2, located at x3 = k3
(Across -¿ pinta, down -¿ sraji, crossword puzzle
-¿ ”kucyvla se namkei”. Example: ”12 across:
what you like -¿ beautiful” is ”zo melbi cu kucyvla
lu da poi do nelci li’u li pare poi pinta”. x1 may be
a non grammatical quotation. )
kufra [kuf] x1 feels comfort/is comfortable
with conditions/environmental property(ies) x2.
(See also cinmo.)
kuinke x1 reflects Seri culture/language in aspect x2
kujmikce m1 is a nurse to/nurses m2. (Cf. kurji,
mikce.)
kujyjai j1 = k1 nurses/holds with care j2 = k2
(object/event/person) with/in j3 (part of j1). (Cf.
kurji, jgari.)
kukfusra f1 = k1 is fermented with fermenting
agent f2, tasty to observer x3 = k2. (Cf. jurme,
fomymledi, mledi, birje, vanju, nanba, cirla, ladru,
sobysanso, furfipsanso.)
84kumtrvalpaka kurki
kukselzbasu z2 = k1 is something made by z1
out of z3 that is pleasing/delightful to sense k2.
(Cf. kukte, zbasu, kukselzba.)
kukselzba z2 = k1 is something made by z1 out
of z3 that is pleasing/delightful to sense k2. (Cf.
kukte, zbasu.)
kukte [kuk] x1 is delicious/tasty/delightful
to observer/sense x2 [person, or sensory activity].
(x1 is a delicacy. See also gusta, ralci, vrusi, cpina.)
kulcitsi ci1 is a term/semester with interval ci2
of year ci3 for school ck1. (x2 may be formed with
”bi’o”. Cf. citsi, ckule.)
kulmu’o k4 = m1 graduates/completes coursework from k1 at location k2 in subject matter k3, by
the standards of the administration k5 = m3 (This
is really a dropped SE of velkulmu’o. m2 is the implied ”property of learning at k2 subject matter k3
from school k1”)
kulnrnorge x1 is Norwegian/pertains to Norwegian culture in aspect x2.
kulnrturkie x1 is Turkish/pertains to Turkish
culture in aspect x2. (Cf. kulnrturko, bangrturkie,
tu’urki.)
kulnrturko x1 is Turkic/pertains to Turkic culture in aspect x2 (c.f. kulnrturkie)
kulnu [klu] x1 [mass of ideas, customs, skills,
arts] is culture of nation/ethos x2 (mass); x1 is ethnic. ((note that x2 is NOT individual; culture is
what is shared among people and is not an individual trait). See also cmavo list ka’u, cmavo list
ku’u, natmi, cecmu.)
kulpikta p1 is a diploma entitling p2 to
entitlement/privilege p3 (event/state) from
school/institute/academy x4 = c1 teaching
subject(s) x5 = c3.
kumfa [kum ku’a] x1 is a room
of/in structure x2 surrounded by partitions/walls/ceiling/floor x3 (mass/jo’u). (Also
chamber. See also bitmu, canlu, zdani.)
kumte x1 is a camel/llama/alpaca/vicuna/dromedary
of species/breed x2. (Llama (= tcokumte), Bactrian
camel (= zdokumte); Arabian camel/dromedary
(= rabykumte). See also sunla, kanla, xirma, xasli.)
kumtrguanako x1 is a guanaco of breed x2.
(Cf. kumte, tcokumte, kumtrvalpaka, kumtrlama,
kumtrvikunia.)
kumtrlama x1 is a llama of breed x2. (Cf. kumte,
tcokumte, kumtrvalpaka, kumtrvikunia, kumtrguanako.)
kumtrvalpaka x1 is an alpaca of breed x2.
(Cf. kumte, tcokumte, kumtrvikunia, kumtrlama,
kumtrguanako.)
kumtrvikunia x1 is a vicuna of breed x2.
(Cf. kumte, tcokumte, kumtrvalpaka, kumtrlama,
kumtrguanako.)
kumyzda z1 = k1 is an apartment for z2 in structure k2. (A complete domicile occupying only part
of a building. Cf. zdani, selxa’u.)
kungundi g1 is a/the metals and mining industry/sector producing/mining g2 = k1 of
type/metal k2 from location k3 by process g3
(From kunra, gundi.)
kunkakpa x1 = ka1 (agent) mines material/ore
x2 = ku1 = ka2 of type x3 = ku2 from
mine/source x4 = ku3 = ka3 using tool x5 = ka4.
(Used in Theodore Reed’s translation of A Princess
of Mars.)
kunra [kun] x1 is/contains/is made from a
mineral/ore of type/metal x2 mined from location/lode/mine x3. (See also jinme, bisli, rokci,
jemna.)
kunrlazuli x1 is/contains/is made from lapis
lazuli of type/grade x2 mined from location x3.
kunrmarmaro x1 is/contains/is made from
marble of type x2 mined from location x3.
kunrxalabastre x1 is/contains/is made from
alabaster of type x2 mined from location x3.
kunske s1=t1 is mineralogy [science about minerals] based on methodology s3. (kunra2, kunra3
and saske2 subsumed. See also derske.)
kunti [kut] x1 [container] is empty/vacant of
x2 [material]; x1 is hollow. (Also vacuum (= kunti
be roda/so’ada). See also culno, tisna, claxu,
canlu, kevna, setca.)
kurfa [kur] x1 is a right-angled shape/form
defined by set of vertices x2, dimensions x3 (default 2). (Also rectangle, square, rectilinear; square
(= kubykurfa, pitkubykurfa), cube (= kurkubli),
rectangle (= clakurfa), rhombus/diamond (=
sa’orkurfa, sa’orpitkubli). See also bliku, kubli, tapla, salpo, tarmi.)
kurji [kuj ku’i] x1 takes-care-of/looks after/attends to/provides for/is caretaker for x2
(object/event/person). (Also tends, cares for,
keeps; x1 is a keeper/custodian of x2. See also
jundi, cinri, prami, raktu, zgana.)
kurki x1 is bitter/acrid/sharply disagreeable to
observer/sense x2. (See also titla, slari.)
85la’irze’a lacni
kurkuli x1 is a weevil of genus/species x2. (see
also cakcinki)
kurkuma x1 is turmeric of species/variety x2.
kurmo’a m1 is a check/checkerboard pattern of
squares k1 = m2 arranged in structure m3 (x2
might be a set of colors, with x3 specifying their
arrangement)
kurtenfa t1 is the square of t2. (see tenfa)
kurtsapi x1 is a spice of the mint family, with
flavor x2. (see also tebrulspa, spatrbasiliko)
kusnkusu x1 is a quantity of couscous of ingredients including x2
kuspe [kup ku’e] x1
ranges/extends/spans/persists/reaches
across/over interval/gap/area/scope/extent/range
x2. (Also continues. See also ranji, renvi, tcena,
bancu, cripu, ragve, vorme, canko, bitmu, sirji,
jbini, jimte, preja.)
kusru [kus] x1 (person) is
cruel/mean/unkind to victim x2. (See also
xendo, jursa.)
kustru k1 = t1 governs and oppresses k2 = t2.
(see also kusyja’a vliraitru)
kusyja’a x1 is a cruel-captain with object of
cruelty-captained x2.
kutyje’u x1 a tautology by standard/epistemology/metaphysics x2. (See also
kunti, jetnu)
kutytu’a t1 = k1 is a desert located in/at t2
(from kunti tumla)
ku [KU] elidable terminator: end description,
modal, or negator sumti; often elidable.
ky [BY2] letteral for k.
la’anai [UI*3] discursive: probability - improbability.
la’a [UI3] discursive: probability - improbability. (See also lakne.)
la’edi’u [KOhA*] pro-sumti: the referent of the
last utterance; the state described: ”IT was fun”.
4 la’ei [LA] combines LA with DOI (used to
address someone in the 2nd person by name and
use that as a sumti at the same time, that is: do doi
la broda is equivalent to la’ei broda)
la’erji’i x1 expects x2 on grounds x3. (See also
bavykri, uenai)
la’erlai x1 has probability/likelihood x2 of occurring under conditions x3. (See also zilpa’a,
cu’o)
la’e [LAhE] the referent of (indirect pointer);
uses the referent of a sumti as the desired sumti.
la’irze’a z1 = l1 gets closer to l2 in property l3
by amount z3. (Cf. lamji, zenba, jbize’a, jbibi’o.)
la’i [LA] name descriptor: the set of those
named ... ; takes name or selbri description.
4 la’oi [ZOhOI] single-word non-Lojban name;
quotes a single non-Lojban word delimited by
pauses (in speech) or whitespace (in writing) and
treats it as a name (See also la’o, zo’oi.)
la’ornacle’u le1 is a Roman numeral representing le3=n1.
la’ornai x1 is the Roman nation made up of people x2 (se la’ornai means the Roman people. The
term refers to the ancient Romans, not to modernday residents of the Italian capital, or small Wisconsin town.)
la’orxi’o x1 = l1 is Roman Catholic in aspect
x2 = l2. (Cf. xriso, latmo, glixi’o, patxi’o, sunxi’o,
lijda.)
la’o [ZOI] delimited non-Lojban name; the resulting quote sumti is treated as a name.
la’u ma [BAI*] sumti question asking for a
quantity; how many?.
la’u [BAI] klani modal, 1st place (amount)
quantifying ...; being a quantity of ...
labnanba n1 is white bread made from grains
n2. (Cf. burnanba, jinynanba, jintitnanba,
cmananba.)
labno x1 is a wolf/lupine of species/breed x2.
(See also gerku.)
labybi’o bi1 turns pale/white under condition
bi3. (Cf. blabi, binxo.)
labyblusle x1 is a white blood cell of the
blood/pus x2 of animal x3.
labyblu c1 is lymph of animal c2. (Cf. blufle,
blutu’u.)
labyfi’e f1 = b1 is a whitefish of genus/species
f2. (Cf. blabi, finpe, merlanu.)

labyxu’e x1 is rose. (Cf. blabi, xunre, xunblabi.)
4 lacni x1 is an eyewear used/worn by x2 serving purpose x3. (It is a frame worn in front of the
eyes and bears or does not bear transparent/semitransparent/non-transparent shields for visual
correction, eye protection, fashion, or entertainment. The shields are not necessarily lenses.
Cf. le’otci or le’orlacni for a corrective type,
which may include tidlacni for reading glasses and
xrelacni for bifocal and trifocal glasses; badlacni
for a protective type, which may include srulacni
for goggles and solylacni for sunglasses; jadlacni
86lampru lartodektu
for fashion glasses, which may include rekmeclacni for rimless glasses and solylacni; mincimdylacni for 3D glasses.)
lacpu [lap cpu] x1 pulls/tugs/draws/drags
x2 by handle/at locus x3. (Gravity (= ka maicpu,
maircpukai). See also catke, sakci, cokcu.)
lacri [lac] x1 relies/depends/counts
on/trusts x2 to bring about/ensure/maintain
x3 (event/state). (See also minde, nitcu, tinbe.)
lactergu’e l1 = g3 is a dependent territory relying on the sovereignty of l2 (state). (Examples are
British Virgin Islands, Netherlands Antilles, and
American Samoa. Cf. gugde, zifyje’a.)
ladru [lad] x1 is made of/contains/is a quantity of milk from source x2; (adjective:) x1 is lactic/dairy. (See also lanbi, mabru, tatru, cirla, kruji.)
lafti [laf] x1 (force) lifts/applies raising/supporting force to x2 at locus x3 in gravity well x4. ((x1 may be an abstract); verb
lift/raise/elevate (= lafmuvgau). See also farlu,
plipe.)
lairka’e x1 is quantifiable by quantifier x2 on
scale x3.
lai [LA] name descriptor: the mass of individual(s) named ... ; takes name or selbri description.
lajre’e x1 is a train with train car x2 with train
system x3 propelled by x4.
lakne [la’e] x1 (event/state/property) is
probable/likely under conditions x2. (See also
cumki, jinzi, kampu, tcaci, cunso, cafne, fadni,
cnano.)
lakse [lak] x1 is quantity of wax [substance especially soft/moldable when warm] from
source x2. (Also paraffin. See also bifce, ranti,
bidju.)
laktergu’i g3 = l1 is a candle/wax light with
wax source l2. (Cf. fagytergu’i, dictergu’i.)
4 laldo x1 is old/aged [relatively long in
elapsed duration] by standard x2 ((= tolci’o) See
citno, slabu)
lalxu [la’u] x1 is a lake/lagoon/pool at
site/within land mass x2. (See also daplu, djacu,
rirxe, xamsi, zbani.)
lamji [lam la’i] x1 is adjacent/beside/next
to/in contact with x2 in property/sequence x3 in
direction x4. (Also touching, contiguous, against.
See also zvati, cpana, jibni, diklo, stuzi, bartu,
jbini.)
lampagre p1 = l1 passes by p2 to p3 from p4 by
l2. (Cf. lamji, pagre.)
lampru l1 = p1 is recent, immediately preceding
l2 = p2. (Cf. purci.)
lanbi x1 is a quantity of protein/albumin of type
x2 composed of amino acids (sequence/jo’u) x3 .
(See also ladru, sovda.)
lanci x1 is a flag/banner/standard
of/symbolizing x2 with pattern(s) x3 on material x4. (See also gugde, jecta.)
landegmei m1 is a mass of set m2 with an even
number of members m3 (see also xirdegmei)
lanka x1 is a basket with contents x2, woven
from material x3. (See also vasru, baktu.)
lanli [lal] x1 analyzes/examines-in-detail
x2 by method/technique/system x3 [process/activity]. (See also catlu, zgana, jarco,
pensi, pinka.)
lanma’i x1 is April of year x2 in calendar x3. (Cf.
vonmasti, kanbyma’i, nanca.)
lanme [lan] x1 is a sheep/[lamb/ewe/ram]
of species/breed x2 of flock x3. (See also kanba,
sunla.)
lanpanzi p1 is a lamb of species/breed l2 (from
lanme panzi)
lante x1 is a can/tightly sealed/pre-sealed container for perishable contents x2, made of x3. (See
also botpi, baktu, tinci.)
lanxe [lax] x1 is in balance/equilibrium under forces x2 (mass). ((cf. midju, nutli; fapro for
balancing/opposing forces, nutli))
lanzu [laz] x1 (mass) is a family with members including x2 bonded/tied/joined according
to standard x3. (Also clan, tribe; x2 is in x1, a member of x1 (selylanzu for reordered places); relative
(= lazmi’u - xy mintu y’y leka cmima da poi lanzu).
See also natmi, cmima, girzu, jutsi, klesi.)
larcu [lar] x1 (process) is an art [creative application] of craft/skill x2 (idea/activity). ((adjective:) x1 is artistic. See also finti, zbasu, stati.)
lardai x1 is a work of art created by an application of craft/skill x2. (See also larcu, dacti.)
larfi’i f1 is an artist creating work of art f2 = l1
in medium l2 for purpose f3 from elements/ideas
f4 .
larmuzga m1 is a gallery exhibiting m2 at location m3.
larpra x1 is-an-artist/produces x2 by artistic application of skill/craft x3. (See also larcu, cupra)
lartodektu l1 is a widow spider of species l2. (cf.
malminiata, jukni)
87laxma’i le’ai
laryrakpra c1 sculpts/carves c2 = l1 from s2 using tool s1 (implied c3 is ”lo nu jai gau sraku s2 fai
s1” implied l2 would likewise be ”lo si’o nu jai gau
sraku s2 fai s1”)
lasna [la’a] x1 (agent) fastens/connects/attaches/binds/lashes x2 to
x3 with fastener x4. (No implication that result
is considered a single object; although x2 and
x3 may be reversible, x3 may be used for the
substrate, the fixed/larger object to which x2
becomes attached. See also jorne, fenso, jgena,
batke, dinko, kansa.)
lastu x1 is a quantity of/contains/is made of
brass [copper/zinc alloy] of composition including x2. ((adjective:) x1 is brazen). See also jinme,
ransu, tunka.)
latcmo x1 = c1 = m1 meows expressing x2 =
c3. (Cf. mlatu, cmoni, latpukcmo.)
latcribe x1 is a panda of genus/species x2. (syn.
cionmau)
latfekspa x1 is catnip of species x2.
latfi’e x1 is a catfish of genus/species x2.
latmo [la’o] x1 reflects
Latin/Roman/Romance culture/empire/language in aspect x2. (See also
ropno, fraso, spano, xispo, itlo.)
latna x1 is a lotus, plant/flower/herb of
species/strain x2 symbolizing x3 to culture/religion x4. (See also budjo, censa, lijda,
spati.)
latpukcmo b1 = p2 purrs, expressing pleasure
at p1 (event/state). (Cf. mlatu, pluka, cmoni,
latcmo.)
lauble r1 = c1 sounds quiet/weak at observation point c2 by standard c3 = t3. (Cf. cladu, ruble,
smaji, cmato’a.)
lauDZIS Laotze (aka. Laozi)
laurblesku cu1 = r1 (agent) whipers cu2
(sedu’u/text/lu’e concept) for audience cu3 via
expressive medium cu4. (Cf. cladu, ruble, cusku,
smasku, mliba’u.)
lausku cu1 = cl1 shouts cu2 (sedu’u/text/lu’e
concept) for audience cu3 via expressive medium
cu4, loudly by standard x5 = cl3. (Cf. laurba’u,
smasku, smaba’u.)
laus Laos. (Under some interpretations of the
morphology rules, not a valid word.)
lau [LAU] 2-word letteral/shift: punctuation
mark or special symbol follows.
laxma’i x1 is October of year x2 in calendar x3.
(Cf. pavnonmasti, kanbyma’i, nanca.)
laxygau g1 balances l1 with force l2. (Cf. lanxe,
gasnu.)
lazni x1 (person) is lazy/avoiding work/effort
concerning action x2. (See also nejni, vreta,
gunka.)
lazycange c1 is a family farm/ranch at c2,
farmed by family c3 = l1 (mass), raising, producing c4.
lazyzda z1 is the home of family members z2 =
l2. (Cf. lanzu, zdani.)
lazyzukykei k1 (agent) plays house. (A child’s
play to emulate parents.)
la [LA] name descriptor: the one(s) called ... ;
takes name or selbri description.
le go’i [KOhA*] description pro-sumti: reuses
the value of the x1 of the previous bridi.
le jaica [LE*] description: marks description
extracting the time tense place of the description
bridi.
le jaigau [LE*] description: marks description
extracting the agentive place of the description selbri.
le jaivi [LE*] description: marks description extracting the location place of the description bridi.
le sego’i [KOhA*] description pro-sumti:
reuses the value of the x2 of the previous bridi.
le tego’i [KOhA*] description pro-sumti:
reuses the value of the x3 of the previous bridi.
le vego’i [KOhA*] description pro-sumti:
reuses the value of the x4 of the previous bridi.
le xego’i [KOhA*] description pro-sumti:
reuses the value of the x5 of the previous bridi.
4 le’ai [LEhAI] replace recent mistakenly uttered text (The lo’ai ... sa’ai ... le’ai replacement
construct asks the listener to replace the text after
lo’ai with the text after sa’ai. The order sa’ai ... lo’ai
... le’ai is also allowed, and either or both parts can
be omitted and thus left up to context. When both
parts are omitted, the word le’ai on its own indicates that a mistake was made while leaving all
the details up to context.
It is also possible to attach SAI to a le’ai construct: le’ai dai (or le’ai da’oi ko’a) indicates
that someone else made a mistake; le’ai pei asks
whether someone else made a mistake; and sai,
ru’e and cu’i can be used to indicate the importance of the substitution. Furthermore, le’ai nai
88lei leta
can be used to explicitly deny mistakes instead of
acknowledging them (compare ”sic”).)
le’avla v1 is a loanword meaning v2 in language
v3 based on foreign-language word l2. (Old, deprecated synonym for fu’ivla. Could be considered
an u’ivla.)
le’axru xr1 = l1 takes back xr2 = l2 from xr4 =
l3. (Cf. lebna, xruti, xrube’i, xrucpa.)
le’a [BAI] klesi modal, 1st place (scalar set)
in/of category ...
le’e [lem] [LE] non-veridical descriptor: the
stereotype of those described as ...
le’ipli pi1 = pl1 employs pi2 = pl3 for a payment/compensation/salary/wage/reward of pl2
for the provision of goods/services pi3 = pl4.
(From: pleji, pilno. Cf. seljibri.)
le’i [LE] non-veridical descriptor: the set of
those described as ..., treated as a set.
le’ocu’i [UI*5] attitudinal modifier: aggressive
- passive - defensive.
le’onai [UI*5] attitudinal modifier: aggressive -
passive - defensive.
le’otci t1 is a monocle/pair of
(eye)glasses/spectacles for observational activity t2. (Cf. lenjo, tutci, barkalyle’o, vistci.)
le’o [UI5] attitudinal modifier: aggressive - passive - defensive. (See also gunta, bandu.)
le’u [LEhU] end quote of questionable or outof-context text; not elidable.
lebna [leb le’a] x1
takes/gets/gains/obtains/seizes/[removes]
x2 (object/property) from x3 (possessor). (Also
confiscate, appropriate. Acquire with volition
such that x1 gains possession; x3 is possessor and
not merely source, alienation is implied. (cf. punji,
cpacu where volition or previous possession is not
necessarily implied, vimcu for alienation where
x1 need not gain possession, canci, cliva))
lecyde’i d1 is a/the wisdom tooth of d2 (See also
ka’arde’i, gerde’i, crazalde’i, zalde’i.)
lecydo’i d1 = l1 is the afternoon of day d2 at
location d3.
ledgrute g1 is a mushroom of species g2.
ledo [LE*] possessive/associative descriptor:
the one(s) described as, of yours.
leiske s1 is the taxonomy of s2 = k2 based on
methodology s3. (x2 may be subjects of biology,
semantics, economics, military science, safety science, etc. Cf. jutske, klesi.)
lei [LE] non-veridical descriptor: the mass of
individual(s) described as ...
lejbai x1 = p1 bribes x3 = p3 with x2 = p2 into
doing x4 = p4.
lekmi’i m1 is a fridge/air conditioner for cooling x2 = l1. (Cf. dujmi’i, dujyku’a, lenku, kelvo,
dunja, varmuvmi’i.)
leko’a [LE*] possessive/associative descriptor:
the one(s) described as, of it-1’s.
lektoni x1 is an electron in quantum state x2
(Cf. protoni, nurtoni, xumsle, dicka’u, guska’u,
kuarka. )
lektu’a t1 = l1 is tundra at location t2, cold by
standard l2 (See also lenku, tumla)
4 lelxe x1 is a lily [Lilium] of species/strain x2
(cf. rozgu. lel- is short rafsi)
lemi [LE*] possessive/associative descriptor:
the one(s) described as, of mine.
lenjo [len le’o] x1 is a lens/glass [focussing shape/form] focussing x2 to focus/foci x3
by means/material x4. ((adjective:) x1 is optical;
focussing may be optical or otherwise, hence x2
which may be light, sound, X-ray, etc., default is
light/optical lens; ka is refraction. See also kacma,
minra.)
lenku [lek] x1 is cold/cool by standard x2.
(See also glare, bisli.)
lerci [lec] x1 (event) is late by standard x2.
(See also clira.)
lercu’aca’a ca1 is a keyboard for entering letters/symbols l1 = cu2. (Cf. batkyci’a.)
lerfu [ler le’u] x1 (la’e zo BY/word-bu) is
a letter/digit/symbol in alphabet/character-set x2
representing x3. (Also x1 glyph, rune, character
(also me’o BY/word-bu), x2 symbol set; (adjective:) x1 is alphabetic/symbolic; ”letteral” used by
analogy with ”numeral”; sinxa is the more generic
symbol. See also mifra, namcu, sinxa, pandi.)
lerldjamo x1 is a jamo in syllable x2 in writing
system x3 (default Hangul)
lerpinsle s1 = p1 is a line in the text s2. (Cf.
vlali’i, lerseltcidu.)
lerseltcidu t2 is a text in medium t3 with character set l2.
lertermifra m3 is a character encoding for bytes
m2 with symbols/font m1. (Cf. lerfu, mifra,
skami.)
leta [LE*] possessive/associative descriptor:
nearby demonstrative possessive; cannot use for
’THAT ...’.
89LIEtuvas limna’i
leti [LE*] possessive/associative descriptor:
immediate demonstrative possessive; cannot use
for ’THIS ...’.
letu [LE*] possessive/associative descriptor:
distant demonstrative possessive.
leva [LE*] located descriptor: descriptive thatthere (non-demonstrative).
levi [LE*] located descriptor: descriptive thishere (non-demonstrative).
levu [LE*] located descriptor: descriptive thatyonder (non-demonstrative).
le [LE] non-veridical descriptor: the one(s) described as ...
li’anai [UI*3] discursive: clearly - obscurely.
li’avro v1 is an exit out of c2. (Cf. cliva, vorme,
vrogai)
li’a [UI3] discursive: clearly - obscurely. (See
also klina.)
li’erla’i li1 = la1 immediately precedes li2 = la2
in sequence li3 = la3.
li’e [BAI] lidne modal, 1st place preceded by ...;
non-time sequencing.
li’i [liz] [NU] abstractor: experience abstractor; x1 is x2’s experience of [bridi] (participant or
observer).
li’orkliru x1 is fluorine.
li’orklirysilna s1 is a fluoride of s3. (see also
li’orklirytau)
li’orklirytau t1 is a fluoride of t3. (See also
li’orklirysilna.)
li’o [UI3a] discursive: omitted text (quoted material).
li’u [LIhU] elidable terminator: end grammatical quotation; seldom elidable except at end of
text.
libjo [lib] x1 reflects Libyan culture/nationality in aspect x2. (See also friko,
xrabo, muslo.)
lidne [li’e] x1 precedes/leads x2 in sequence x3; x1 is former/preceding/previous; x2
is latter/following. (Also x1 before, forerunner;
leading, as in ’leading indicators’; x2 after, trailing
(= selyli’e for reordered places). See also cmavo
list li’e, balvi, ralju, rebla, purci for time sequence,
jersi, porsi, jatna, farna.)
lidvilti’a t1 = v1 is a thunderstorm at
place/region t2 (Cf. lindi, vlile, tcima.)
lidvru s1 is thunderous to s2. (Cf. lindi, savru.)
lidysna x1 is a sound with emit sound-lightning
x2.
LIEtuvas Lithuania.
lietuvos Lithuania.
lifri [lif fri] x1 [person/passive/state] undergoes/experiences x2 (event/experience);
x2 happens to x1. (Also has/have (of
events/experiences); (adjective:) x1 is empirical; suggests passive undergoing but does not
exclude active (per zukte) intent; a deserved
experience: reward or punishment (= jernyfri,
zanjernyfri, maljernyfri). See also cmavo list ri’i,
jmive, fasnu, renvi.)
ligyfebvi x1 = f1 = s2 sublimates/evaporates
from the solid state at temperature x2 = f2 = s3
with vapor pressure x3 = f3. (From sligu febvi;
refers to a state change from solid to gas or vice
versa, at the solid surface.)
lijda [jda] x1 is a religion of believers including x2 sharing common beliefs/practices/tenets
including x3. (Also mythos, creed, traditional beliefs, x2 people(s), adherents; (adjective:) x1, x2,
x3 are religious/ecclesiastic in nature; x2 is a believer in/of x1, an adherent/follower of x1 (=
seljda for reordered places); x2 is a practitioner
of x3 (= selterjda for reordered places); x3 is a
tenet/belief/ritual/creed of x1/x2 (= terjda for reordered places); priest/clerical (= jdaca’i, jdaka’i,
jdaja’a); organized church/religion (= be’ejda);
congregation (= jdabe’e, jdagri). See also budjo,
censa, cevni, crida, dadjo, jegvo, krici, latna, malsi,
marde, muslo, pruxi, ranmi, ritli, xriso, zekri.)
lijdrba’a,i l1 is the Bahai religion with beliefs/practices/tenets including l3
lijdrdjaina l1 is the Jain religion with beliefs/practices/tenets including l3
lijgri g1 is a row (group) showing common property (ka) g2 due to set g3 linked by relations g4. (Cf.
lerpinsle, depypoi.)
likpu’i x1 = p1 (agent)
anoints/rubs/greases/pours
onto/applies/lubricate/baptises x3 = p3
with liquid/semi-liquid/oil/cream/ointment
x2 = p2 = l1.
lilgundi g1 is a/the energy industry/sector producing fuel/energy source g2 = l1 for powering l2
based on process g3 (From livla, gundi.)
limla’u la1 is a pool where li1 swims in fluid li2.
(Cf. limna, lalxu.)
limna’i n1 is a flipper [body-part] of n2. (Cf.
limna, nalci, fipybirka.)
90lisxra livga
limna [lim] x1 (agent) swims in fluid x2. (See
also djacu, fulta, klama, litru.)
lindi [lid] x1 is lightning/electrical
arc/thunderbolt striking at/extending to x2
from x3. (Also thunder (= lidysna). See also
dikca.)
linga’axa’i x1 is a nunchaku. (A Japanese
weapon consisting of two wooden sticks connected by a chain; also spelled “nunchuku”)
linji [lij li’i] x1 is a line/among lines [1-
dimensional shape/form] defined by set of points
x2. (Ray/vector (farli’i or porli’i). See also kruvi,
sirji, jganu, kantu, mokca.)
linlani x1 is a lily-of-the-valley / may-lily (Convallaria) of species/strain x2
linsi [lin] x1 is a length of chain/links of material x2 with link properties x3. (See also skori.)
linto [li’o] x1 is light in mass/weight by
standard x2. ((cf. junta, tilju; se xalbo, kandi for
metaphor))
lirgli g1 is Old English/pertains to Old Englishspeaking culture in aspect g2, early by standard
x3 = c2.
lirmau x1 is earlier than x2 by amount of time
x3. (cf. lecmau, temci)
liryraixa’u lr1 = xa1 is / are the earliest person(s) to dwell/live/reside/abide at/inhabit/be
a resident of location/habitat/nest/home/abode
xa2 among set / range lr2. (Made from liryrai +
xabju.)
liryrai c1 = t1 is the earliest among set / range
t4.
lisne’i n1 is in character (actions or speech to be
interpreted as part of a story/role-playing game)
(out of character: lisybartu)
lisnuntoi n1 is a drafting by author l3 = t1 of
story l1 = t2 using method t3.
lisri [lis] x1 is a story/tale/yarn/narrative
about plot/subject/moral x2 by storyteller x3 to
audience x4. (Also legend; a narrative need not
be fictional; x2 may be merely a convention rather
than a subject; also x3 tells/recounts story/tale x1
about x2 to x4 (= selterlisri for place reordering);
note that the storyteller need not be the author. See
also ranmi, cfika, skicu, prosa, pemci.)
liste [ste] x1 (physical object) is a
list/catalog/register of sequence/set x2 in order x3 in medium x4. (Also roll, log. (x2 is
completely specified); (cf. porsi, girzu, cmima
for mental objects wherein order is of varying
importance; some manifested order is intrinsic
to a physical list, but the specific order may be
incidental and not intentional/purposeful))
lisxra x1 = p1 is a comic strip about
plot/subject/moral x2 = l2 illustrated by x3 = p3
with story written by x4 = l3. (Cf. lisri, pixra.)
lisybartu b1 is out of character (actions or
speech not to be interpreted as part of a story/roleplaying game) (in character: lisne’i)
lisycku c1 is a story book containing
story/tale/yarn/narrative l2 by author c3 = l3 for
audience c4 = l4 preserved in medium c5. (Cf.
fikcku.)
litce [lic] x1 is x2 liter(s) [metric unit] in volume (default is 1) by standard x3. (See also merli,
grake, mitre, dekpu, centi, decti, dekto, femti,
gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti,
nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti,
zetro.)
litcreka cr1 is a dress shirt of material cr2, potentially formal by standard cl3. (A shirt with a
collar, a full-length opening at the front from the
collar to the hem, and sleeves with cuffs; normally
made from woven cloth, and are often accompanied by a jacket and tie, for example with a suit
or formalwear, but can be worn also more casually
without. Cf. creka.)
litki [lik] x1 is liquid/fluid, of composition/material including x2, under conditions x3.
(Conditions include temperature and pressure.
See also cilmo, djacu, lumci, runta, pambe, sudga,
gapci, sligu, flecu, jduli.)
litru [li’u] x1 travels/journeys/goes/moves
via route x2 using means/vehicle x3; x1 is a traveller. ((x2 as a set includes points at least sufficient
to constrain the route relevantly); See also bajra,
cadzu, cpare, tcana, klama, cliva, pluta, limna, muvdu.)
litxendo xe1 = c1 is gracious to xe2 in matter
xe3 = c2. (xendo, clite.)
litytce m1 is very/extremely polite/courteous/civil in matter c2 according to
standard/custom c3. (Cf. clite, mutce.)
liunko x1 is a lynx (Felis lynx) (See mlatu)
livbai b1 expels c1 from c2; b1 throws c1 out of c2.
(Cf. cliva, bapli, livgau.)
livgau g1 causes c1 to leave c2 via route c3. (Cf.
cliva, gasnu, livbai.)
livga x1 is a/the liver [body-part] of x2. (See
also rango, betfu.)
91lolgai lumci
livla [lil] x1 is a fuel/energy-source for powering x2. (See also nejni, xaksu, jelca.)
li [LI] the number/evaluated expression; convert number/operand/evaluated math expression to sumti.
4 lo’ai [LOhAI] start quote of recent mistakenly uttered text to be replaced (See le’ai.)
lo’a [BY1] shift letterals to Lojban (Roman) alphabet.
lo’e [lom] [LE] veridical descriptor: the typical one(s) who really is(are) ...
lo’i [LE] veridical descriptor: the set of those
that really are ..., treated as a set.
lo’o [LOhO] elidable terminator: end math express.(mex) sumti; end mex-to-sumti conversion;
usually elidable.
lo’u [LOhU] start questionable/out-of-context
quote; text should be Lojban words, but needn’t
be grammatical.
logji [loj] x1 [rules/methods] is a logic
for deducing/concluding/inferring/reasoning
to/about x2 (du’u). (Also (adjective:) x1, x2 are
logical. See also nibli.)
loglytuan Loglan-worker.
loibru b1 is a broom for purpose b2 (event) with
bristles b3. (From loldi, burcu.)
loisli l1 = s1 undergoes an earthquake/an event
of the ground shaking of magnitude x2. (not necessarily earthquake, could be due to bomb explosion etc. too.)
loi [LE] veridical descriptor: the mass of individual(s) that is(are) ...
lojbab Bob LeChevalier.
lojban Lojban. (Cf. banjubu’o.)
lojbau b1 is the loglan/Loglan/logic language
used by community b2 to express ideas b3. (Cf.
bangu, runbau, lojbo, lojban)
lojbo [lob jbo] x1 re-
flects [Loglandic]/Lojbanic language/culture/nationality/community in aspect
x2. (Pre-Lojban forms of Loglan (= dzejbo). See
also bangu, logji.)
lojycpa x1 infers/concludes/draws conclusion
x2 from premise x3 based on logic/reasoning x4.
(Cf. logji, cpacu, famsku, ni’i, ja’o, nibji’i, jivbi’o.)
loldi [lol loi] x1 is a floor/bottom/ground
of x2. (Floor/level/story of a building/edifice (=
setloi, dijysenta). See also bitmu, drudi, dertu, dizlo, cnita, zbepi, sarji, serti.)
lolgai g1 is floor covering/flooring/carpet/rug
for covering floor g2 = l1 of x3 = l2. (Cf. buklolgai.)
lolni’ajbama j1 = c1 is a landmine with explosive material/principle j2. (Cf. loldi, cnita, jbama.)
lolni’apu’i p1 (agent) buries/puts underground
p2 = c1 under surface x3 = c2 = l1 of x4 = l2. (Cf.
lolni’a, derse’a.)

lolni’a c1 is underground/buried within ground
c2 = l1 of x3 = l2. (Cf. lolni’apu’i, derse’a.)
lolro’iboi b1=r1 is a cobblestone of material
b2=r2 in floor l1.
lorvera x1 is a quantity of aloe vera of
species/strain x2
lorxu [lor lo’u] x1 is a fox [bushy-tailed
wild dog/canine] of species/breed x2. (See also
gerku.)
losanjylys Los Angeles
lo [LE] veridical descriptor: the one(s) that really is(are) ... (Under the xorlo reform, lo converts
a selbri to a sumti in a rather generic way. In particular, lo broda = zo’e noi broda.)
lu’a [LAhE] the members of the
set/components of the mass; converts another
description type to individuals.
lu’e [LAhE] the symbol for (indirect discourse);
uses the symbol/word(s) for a sumti as the desired
sumti.
lu’i [LAhE] the set with members; converts another description type to a set of the members.
lu’o [LAhE] the mass composed of; converts
another description type to a mass composed of
the members.
lu’u [LUhU] elidable terminator: end of sumti
qualifiers; usually elidable except before a sumti.
lubno [lu’o] x1 reflects Lebanese culture/nationality in aspect x2. (See also xrabo.)
lujna’u x1 is a complex number. (See also ka’o,
xarna’u, tolxarna’u)
lujvo [luv jvo] x1 (text) is a compound
predicate word with meaning x2 and arguments
x3 built from metaphor x4. (See also stura, cmavo,
gismu, rafsi, smuni.)
lumbrinki x1 is an earthworm of species x2. (Cf.
curnu, dertu, carvi.)
lumci [lum lu’i] x1 (agent)
washes/cleanses x2 of soil/contaminant x3
in/with cleaning material(s) x4. (Agentless washing/cleansing (= cuvbi’o, jisybi’o). See also djacu,
jinru, litki, zbabu, jinsa, curve.)
92ma’arfe’a macnu
lumku’a x1 = k1 is a bathroom, in which
x2 = l1 washes x3 = l2 (self/other(s)/body
part), in home/building/structure x4 = k2 surrounded by partitions/walls/ceiling/floor x5 =
k3 (mass/jo’u) (A room with a sink technically
qualifies, but this is more like a room with a bath
or shower as well. What most Americans call a
”bathroom”. For a room specifically for urination
or defecation, see vimku’a.)
lumpatxu p1 is a wash tub/bath tub, for l1 to
wash p2 = l2, made of material p3.
lumtansi t1 is a sink, for l1 to wash t2 = l2, made
of material t3
lunbe [lub] x1 is bare/naked/nude; x1 is
without cover/clothes/[protection]. (See also
taxfu, bandu.)
lunmes x1 is Aries [astronomical constellation/astrological sign]. (From lanme
(=sheep/[lamb/ewe/ram];lojban) and lu
(=sheep;sumerogram). This constellation has
been known as the ram/sheep since babylonian
times, and later become the leading sign of the
zodiac (7th century BCE). In Hellenistic astrology,
the constellation of Aries is associated with the
golden ram of Greek mythology that rescued
Phrixos.)
lunra [lur] x1 is Earth’s moon (default); x1 is
a major natural satellite/moon of planet x2. (See
also plini, solri, terdi, mluni.)
lunsa [lus] x1 condenses/liquefies on/into
x2 at temperature x3, pressure x4; x1 is
dew/condensate on x2. (See also cilmo, dunja,
febvi, runme, bumru.)
lupcartci t1 is a screwdriver for turning screw
k1
lurdei x1 is Monday of week x2 on calendar x3.
lutfa’o f1 is a dead end of route f2 = p1 from
origin p3. (Cf. klaji.)
luzbarcreka c1 = b1 = k1 is a jumper of material
c2. (A loose outer jacket (barcreka). Cf. creka.)
luzycreka c1 = k1 is a blouse of material c2. (Cf.
creka, taxfu.)
lu [LU] start grammatical quotation; quoted
text should be grammatical on its own.
lyndyn London
ly [BY2] letteral for l.
ma’agni x1 is a mahogany of species x2.
ma’arbakni b1 is a yak of species/type b2
ma’arbi’i j1 is a valley between mountains/hills
c1 = j2 in terrain c2. (Cf. ma’arfe’a, cmana, punli,
kevna)
ma’arfe’a f1 is a canyon/ravine/chasm in
mountain f2 = c1 in terrain c2. (Cf. ma’arbi’i,
cmana, fenra, kevna)
ma’arjipci p1 is a Copper Pheasant / Syrmaticus
soemmerringii species of breed p2
ma’a [KOhA3] pro-sumti: me/we the
speaker(s)/author(s) & you the listener(s) &
others unspecified.
ma’ekla k1 = m2 drives to k2 from k3 via route
k4 = m3 by means m1. (Cf. marce, klama, litru.)
ma’ersrogau g1 parks vehicle m1 = s2 in/at s3.
ma’e [BAI] marji modal, 1st place material in
object/substance ...
ma’i [BAI] manri modal, 1st place (by standard
2) in reference frame ...
4 ma’oi [ZO] selma’o quote; quotes a word (a
cmavo) and uses it to name a selma’o. (Example:
ma’oi coi is equivalent to COI. See also ra’oi. )
ma’oste x1 = l1 is a list of structure words x2 =
l2 = c1 of class(es) x5 = c2 of language x6 = c3 in
order x3 = l3 in medium x4 = l4. (Cf. cmavo, liste,
vlaste, vlacku, gimste, jvoste)
ma’o [MAhO] convert letteral string or other
mathematical expression (mex) operand to mex
operator.
ma’u zei ionti x1 is an cation of radical/(atom
of element)x2 with x3 charges. (Cf. ionti, ni’u zei
ionti, lektoni, xumsle.
)
ma’urcu’e c1 is a college at c2 teaching subject
c3 to audience c4 = m1 operated by c5. (An institution for adult education at a basic or intermediate level (teaching those of any age). Cf. ckule,
balcu’e.)
ma’u [PA3] digit/number: plus sign; positive
number; default any positive.
mabla [mal] x1 is a derogative connotation/sense of x2 used by x3; x3 derogates/’curses
at’ x2 in form x1. (Bloody (British sense), fucking,
shit, goddamn. See also palci, dapma, xlali, zabna,
funca, ganti, ganxo, gletu, gutra, kalci, pinca, pinji,
plibu, vibna, vlagi, zargu.)
mabrnfuru x1 is a ferret. (Cf. mustlei, ermine.)
mabru [mab] x1 is a mammal/’animal’/beast
of species x2. (See also danlu, ladru, tatru, ractu,
xanto, xarju.)
macnu [cnu] x1 (event/action/process) is
manual [not automatic] in function x2 under conditions x3. (See also zmiku, jitro.)
93makyvelvei mamjipci
madinas Medina
madni’i n1 = m1 is the moral of story/situation
m3 and entails action/event/state n2. (Cf. marde,
nibli.)
madRID Madrid
madyske s1 (mass of facts) is the study of
conduct-governing standards s2 = m1 based on
methodology s3. (Major branches of ethics include ”meta-ethics” (ckaji zei madyske), ”normative ethics” (bilga zei madyske), ”applied ethics”
(pilno zei madyske), ”moral psychology” (menli
zei madyske), and ”descriptive ethics” (skicu zei
madyske). Cf. saske.)
madysku c1 = m2 moralizes expressing
c2 (sedu’u/text/lu’e concept) to audience c3
via expressive medium c4 using/based on
ethics/morals/moral standards/ethical standards
m1 (from marde cusku c.f. bitygau dragau)
mafcre c1 = m3 is a wizard/sorcerer of m1 = c1,
which is magical to m2, with standard of sorcery
c3. (Cf. makfa, certu)
magmiltre x1 is x2 millimeters of mercury by
standard x3. (synonym torceli)
magyxre x1 is an amalgam of composition including x2.
maisru x1 = s1 = m1 is the material environment/surrounding material (i.e. gaseous/liquid
atmosphere, vacuum, etc.) enclosing x2 = s2 in direction(s)/dimensions(s)/plane x3 = s3 = m3, of
type/composition including x4 = m2. (A vacuum
is arguably not ’material’, but the word is much
more convenient if that is included. Also, vacuum
is never completely empty. See also marji, sruri,
gapci, litki, kunti, sakci, kensa.)
mai [MAI] utterance ordinal suffix; converts a
number to an ordinal, such as an item or paragraph number.
makas Mecca
makcu [ma’u] x1 is mature/ripe/fullygrown/adult in development-quality x2 (ka). (See
also cifnu, ninmu, verba, banro, farvi, nanmu.)
makfartci x1 is a compass with magnet x2. (see
also maksi, terfarnilfrica, cukyxratci)
makfa [maf] x1 is
magic/supernatural/sorcery/witchcraft/wizardry
to x2, performed by person/force/deity x3. (See
also krici, manci.)
makpapi x1 is a poppy of species x2
maksi [mak] x1 is magnetic [adjective] producing magnetic field x2. (See also dikca, trina,
xlura.)
makyvelvei v4 = m1 is a magnetic storage
medium storing v2 (data/facts/du’u) about v3
(object/event) in file(s) v1. (Cf. vreji, datni, skami,
cukmakyvelvei, srimakyvelvei)
maldja c1 is junk food for c2.
malfadni f1 = m1 is vulgar/uncouth in property f2 = m2 (ka) among members f3 (set). (Cf.
mabla, fadni, tolba’i.)
malfu’a f1 = m2 (event/property) is determined by the bad luck/fortune of f2. (Cf. mabla,
funca, malselfu’a, zanfu’a.)
malgaci x1 is Malagasy in aspect x2.
malgli g1 = m1 is an anglicism (in Lojban), inappropriate according to m3. (Refers to any kind of
reliance upon English in a Lojban expression, but
is most common for calques. Is sometimes even
extended to cover reliance upon cultural assumptions. “malglico” is a much more common form.)
malmakfa mak1 is black magic to mak2, performed by person/force/deity mak3. (Cf. mabla,
makfa, lijda, palci)
malminiata m1 is a black widow spider of variety m2. (cf. lartodektu)
malmliselgu’i ma1 = mi1 = g2 is ill-lit with
light g1 from light source g3. (Cf. gusni, mabla,
milxe)
malmys Malmo (Malm ¨ o, in the southernmost ¨
province of Scania, is the third most populous city
in Sweden.)
malselfu’a f2 is unlucky/unfortunate in f1 =
m2 (event/property). (Cf. mabla, funca, zanselfu’a.)
malsi [mas] x1 is a temple/church/sanctuary/synagogue/shrine of
religion x2 at location/serving area x3. (x2 may
be event of form (... worships/pays/respect to ...),
hence (metaphorically extending to) monument
(= mojmalsi, si’armalsi). See also cevni, krici, lijda,
ritli.)
malsno mas1 is sluggish at doing/being/bringing about mas2 (event/state)
according to mab3. (Cf. masno)
malvi’e x1 is unwelcome by x2 to place/event
x3. (See also fi’inai; zanvi’e)
mamgle g1 has sex/copulates with the mother
of g2 = m2.
mamjipci m1 = j1 is a hen of species/breed j2
with offspring x3 = m2.
94mantyzda marji
mamta [mam] x1 is a mother of x2; x1
bears/mothers/acts maternally toward x2; [not
necessarily biological]. (See also patfu, sovda,
rirni, rorci, tarbi, famti, bersa, jbena.)
mam Mom/Mum (The rafsi for mamta used as
a familiar name. See also paf, bes, tix, bun, mes.)
manbi’o b1 = m1 darkens under conditions
x2 = b3. (Cf. gusybi’o.)
manci [mac] x1 feels wonder/awe/marvels
about x2. (See also cinmo, makfa, kucli, spaji, cinri,
banli, sisku.)
mandala x1 is a mandala
mandioka x1 is manioc of species/variety x2.
(syn. samcrkasava; see also samcu)
manfo x1 (object/event) is uniform/homogeneous in property x2 (ka). (See
also prane, curve, ranji, vitno, stodi, dikni, sampu,
traji.)
manfyta’u t1 = m1 is livery/[a uniform] for
wearing by t2 for purpose t3. (Cf. manfo, taxfu.)
4 mango x1 is a mango [fruit] of
species/variety x2. (ricrmango for mango
tree)
manku [man] x1 is dark/lacking in illumination. ((cf. blabi, gusni, ctino; use kandi or xekri
with colors, ctino))
manri [mar] x1 is a frame
of reference/standard for observing/measuring/determining x2, with/by rules
x3. ((x1 may be object or si’o idea); See also cmavo
list ma’i, ckilu, merli, pajni, cimde, jdice, marde.)
mansa x1 satisfies evaluator x2 in property
(ka)/state x3. (See also pajni.)
mansygei g1 = m2 is contently happy
about/with m1 with regard to g2 = m3
(event/state). (Cf. mansa, gleki, camgei,
nalra’ugei.)
mansytcu n1 needs n2 to be satisfied for reason
x3. (n2 must be a physical object, not an event; for
that, use djica. See also: mansa, nitcu)
manti x1 is an ant of species/breed x2. (See also
cinki, jalra.)
mantygapci x1 is carbon monoxide. (cf. mantyslami)
mantyjalra j1 is a termite of species j2.
mantymamta mam1 is an ant queen of ants
mam2 = man1 of species/breed man2. (Cf. manti,
mamta)
mantyslami x1 is formic acid. (see also mantygapci)
mantyzda z1 is an anthill of ants z2 = m1. (Cf.
manti, zdani)
manze’a z1 becomes darker/darkens by
amount z3. (Cf. manku, zenba)
mapku [map] x1 is a
cap/hat/crown/helmet/piece of headgear
[head-top garment] of material x2. (See also taxfu,
stedu, drudi.)
mapni x1 is a quantity of/contains/is made of
cotton [type of fabric/material]. (See also bukpu.)
maprultricu x1 is eucalyptus of species/variety
x2.
mapti [mat] x1 fits/matches/suits/is compatible/appropriate/corresponds to/with x2 in property/aspect x3. (See also satci, tugni, sarxe, drani,
tarmi, ckini, mintu.)
mapypre p1 is a hatter/millner /[hat maker]
selling/making hats of material m2. (Cf. mapku,
prenu.)
marbela x1 is dodder of species/variety x2 parasitic on x3.
marbi [mra] x1 is a shelter/haven/refuge/retreat/harbor for/protecting
x2 from danger/threat x3. (See also bandu, ckape,
snura, drudi, sepli, bitmu, gacri.)
marce [ma’e] x1 is a vehicle/mode of transport carrying x2 in/on surface/medium x3, propelled by x4. (See also klama, matra, bevri, bloti,
carce, karce, sabnu, skiji.)
marde [mad] x1 are the ethics/morals/moral
standards/ethical standards of x2 (ind./mass)
about situation x3. (x1 will (typically) be an abstract, a rule or rules of behavior; also principles; also conscience (= sezmarde). See also palci,
vrude, lijda, manri, javni, tarti, zekri.)
mardikca d1 is positive electric charge in d2. (Cf.
dikca, manri, dutydikca)
margosa x1 is neem/margosa/azedarac of
species/variety x2. (See also zdiraxa, andiroba.
”Azedarach” and variants have referred to both
this tree and the zdiraxa.)
margu [mag] x1 is a quantity
of/contains/made of mercury/quicksilver;
[metaphor: fluid metal; temperature]. (See also
jinme.)
marji [maj mai] x1 is material/stuff/matter
of type/composition including x2 in shape/form
x3. (Also (adjective:) x1 is physical (one
sense)/material. See also morna, mucti, nejni,
tarmi, dacti.)
95matnyxrula me’a
markuja x1 is a passionfruit/passionflower of
species/variety x2.
marlari x1 is malaria caused by Plasmodium
species x2. (Cf. blusfani, paludizm.)
marmota x1 is a marmot/woodchuck/groundhog of species x2.
(see also ratcu, smacu)
marna x1 is a quantity of hemp/marijuana/jute
of species/strain x2. (See also skori, tanko, sigja,
xukmi.)
marnybu’u b1 is canvas made of hemp. (Cf.
marna, bukpu)
marnyva’u v1 smokes cannabis of type m2.
(Cf. marna, vasxu. See also damva’u, tankyva’u,
sigva’u.)
marxa [max] x1 [force]
mashes/crushes/squashes/smashes x2 into
pulp/mash/crumbs/deformed mass x3. (See also
daspo, pesxu, zalvi, bapli.)
masKUAS Moscow (Cf. moskov. Lojbanized pronunciations of the Russian capital are:
’masKVA’(Russian, but KV combination is invalid
in lojban), ’mosiKY’ (Chinese Mandarin; there is
no ’v’ in Chinese and ’f’ is unusual except at the
beginning of a word) and ’mosko’ or ’moskau’ in
English.)
masno [sno] x1 is slow/sluggish at doing/being/bringing about x2 (event/state). (See
also sutra.)
masti [ma’i] x1 is x2 months in duration (default is 1 month) by month standard x3. (This
month (= cabma’i); next month (= bavla’ima’i); last
month (= prula’ima’i). See also detri, djedi, jeftu,
nanca.)
masyce’u c1 is a parish of parishioners c2.
matci x1 is a mat/pad/mattress/pallet [flat,
soft, dense form] of material x2. (Also mattress =
(kicymatci). See also kicne, tapla, karda, ckana.)
matli x1 is a quantity of/contains/is made of
linen/flax [type of fabric/material]. (See also
bukpu.)
matlyspa x1 is flax of species/variety x2. (see
also matli, matlytsi)
matlytsi x1 is flaxseed/linseed produced by
plant x2, capable of growing into x3. (see also
matli, matlyspa)
matne x1 is a quantity of/contains butter/oleo/margarine/shortening from source x2.
((adjective:) x1 is buttery; an edible fat, solid but
spreadable at normal temperatures; dairy butter (=
ladmatne). See also grasu, kruji.)
matnyxrula x1 is a/the buttercup flower of
plant/species x2. (Cf. matne, xrula, xrulnranunkulu.)
matpai p1 approves m1 for m2 in property aspect m3. (Cf. mapti, pajni, zanru)
matra x1 is a motor/engine, driving/propelling/providing power to x2. (See
also marce, minji, carce.)
matsi’uma’i x1 is June of year x2 in calendar x3.
(Cf. xavmasti, kanbyma’i, nanca.)
matybi’o b1 becomes fitting with m2 in property/aspect m3. (Cf. mapti, binxo)
matygau g1 assigns/appoints m1 to m2.
4 mau’i [CAI2] attitudinal: stronger intensity
attitudinal relativizer (Specifies a stronger intensity - relative to any previously specified intensity
of the same UI/cmavo. CAI2 after CAI specifies an
absolute intensity - but the CAI2 specifies the relative shift from the regular value. CAI after CAI2
specifies an relative value - and the CAI denotes
the relative amount interval size. See also me’ai,
dau’i, sai)
maudji d1 prefers d1 = m1 (event/state) to m2
for purpose d3 by amount/excess z4. (Cf. zmadu,
djica, zmanei)
mau [BAI] zmadu modal, 1st place (a greater)
exceeded by ... ; usually a sumti modifier.
mavji [mav] x1 is a quantity of oats [grain] of
species/strain x2. (See also gurni.)
maxri [xri] x1 is a quantity of wheat [grain]
of species/strain x2. (See also gurni.)
maxydzu c1 = m1 stomps on surface c2 using limbs c3 crushing m2 into pulp mass m3. (Cf.
marxa, cadzu.)
maxyvru s1 is a crash (sound) produced by m1
smashing into m2. (Cf. marxa, savru)
ma [KOhA7] pro-sumti: sumti question
(what/who/how/why/etc.); appropriately fill in
sumti blank.
4 me’ai [CAI2] attitudinal: weaker intensity
attitudinal relativizer (Specifies a stronger intensity - relative to any previously specified intensity
of the same UI/cmavo. See also mau’i, dau’i, ru’e)
me’andi x1 is henna of species/variety x2. (see
also larcu, cinta)
me’a [BAI] mleca modal, 1st place (a lesser) undercut by ... ; usually a sumti modifier.
96mecyxlarai memimoi
me’e ma [BAI*] sumti question asking for a
name; who?; requires quoted name as an answer.
me’e [BAI] cmene modal, 1st place (requires
quote) with name ...; so-called ...
me’ispe s1 is a brother-inlaw (sister’s spouse) of m2 under
law/custom/tradition/system/convention sp3.
(Omit x4 = s2 = m1. Cf. speni, bunspe, tubyspe.)
me’i [PA3] digit/number: less than.
4 me’oi [MEhOI] non-Lojban brivla (Used as a
convenient way to borrow foreign predicates into
Lojban. For unary predicates, equivalent to me la’e
zo’oi.)
me’o [LI] the mathematical expression (unevaluated); convert unevaluated mathematical expression to sumti.
me’u [MEhU] elidable terminator: end sumti
that was converted to selbri; usually elidable.
mebmla ml1 is a temple belonging to me2 (from
mebri mlana)
mebri [meb] x1 is a/the brow/forehead [projecting flat/smooth head/body-part] of x2. (See
also stedu, flira.)
mecmlerai me1 = t1 is least beautiful among
set/range t3 to m2 in aspect me3 (ka) by aesthetic
standard me4. (Cf. mleca, melbi, traji, mlerai, mlemau, mleme’a.)
mecna’u m1 = n1 is a negative number relative to origo m2. (Cf. ni’u, nonmecna’u, fatna’u,
zmana’u.)
mecrai m1 = t1 is the least of m2 = t4 in property m3 (ka/ni) by amount m4. (Cf. mleca, traji)
mectolmlerai me1 = t1 is least ugly among
set/range t3 to me2 in aspect me3 (ka) by aesthetic
standard me4. (Cf. mleca, melbi, traji, tolmlerai,
tolmlemau, tolmleme’a.)
mecybrarai t1 = b1 is the smallest/[ least big]
among set/range t4 in property/dimension(s) b2
(ka). (Cf. mleca, barda, cmarai, bramau, brarai,
brame’a. )
mecycmarai t1 = c1 is the biggest/[ least small]
among set/range t4 in property/dimension(s) c2
(ka). (Cf. mleca, cmalu, traji, brarai, cmarai, cmamau, cmame’a.)
mecyjavdu’i x1 is less than or equal to x2 in
property/quantity x3 by amount x4. (See also
su’e)
mecyxagrai t1 = x1 is the worst among
set/range t4 for x2 by standard x3. (Cf. mleca,
xamgu, traji, xagme’a, xauzma, xagrai, xlarai.)
mecyxlarai m1 = x1 is the best/[least bad]
among set/range t4 for x2 by standard x3. (Cf.
mleca, xlali, traji, xagrai, xlamau, xlarai, xlame’a,
zanrai.)
medomoi x1 is yours among x2 by
rule/relationship x3; x1 is your x2 by
rule/relationship x3.
megdo [meg] x1 is a million [10
6
] of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). (# megdo #
# See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno,
molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi,
decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, mikri,
milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso,
zepti, zetro)
megygra x1 is x2 tonne(s) [metric unit] in mass
(default is 1) by standard x3. (Cf. megdo, grake.)
mei [mem mei] [MOI] convert number to cardinality selbri; x1 is the mass formed from set x2
whose n member(s) are x3. ([x1 is a mass with N
components x3 composing set x2; x2 is an n-tuple
(x2 is completely specified) (= selmei for reordered
places); x1 forms an n-some; x3 (not necessarily a
complete enumeration) are among the members of
x2]; See also cmima, gunma, cmavo list moi.)
mekfancu x1 is an operator/mathematical
function/single-valued mapping from domain x2
to range x3 defined by mathematical expression/rule x4.
mekna’u x1 is the value of expression x2 in
base/convention x3. (See also ju’u)
mekso [mek me’o] x1 [quanti-
fier/expression] is a mathematical expression
interpreted under rules/convention x2. (See also
cmaci, dilcu, fancu, frinu, jalge, namcu, parbi,
pilji.)
meksu’i x1 is an operand of operator x2 filling
place x3 under rules/convention x4.
melbi [mel mle] x1 is beautiful/pleasant to
x2 in aspect x3 (ka) by aesthetic standard x4. (Also
handsome, pretty, gorgeous, cute, comely, graceful. See also pluka, xamgu.)

meljo [mej] x1 reflects Malaysian/Malay culture/nationality/language in aspect x2. (See also
baxso, bindo.)
melpsita x1 is a budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) of breed x2. (Cf. bajriga, cipni, sralo.)
memimoi x1 is mine among x2 by
rule/relationship x3; x1 is my x2 by
rule/relationship x3.
97merje’a mi’asna
mencre c1 = m2 (person) is intelligent/smart
by standard c3. (Cf. menli, certu, bebna, pensi,
crexalbo)
mencti c1 reads/watches/listens to/mentally
consumes c2.
menli [men] x1 is a
mind/intellect/psyche/mentality/[consciousness]
of body x2. ((adjective:) x1 is mental/psychological/a mental phenomenon;
multiple personalities (= so’i menli). See also
besna, morji, mucti, pensi, sanji, xanri, sevzi,
xadni.)
menmikce m1 is a psychologist/psychiatrist/counsellor/mental health
practitioner of client m2 treating ailment m3 with
treatment m4. (Cf. menli, mikce, menske, jikske)
menmuvgau g1=me1 telekinetically / with its
mind moves mu1 to destination/receiver mu2
[away] from origin mu3 over path/route mu4
(Made from menli+muvgau. menli2 dropped on
account of irrelevancy. See also gasnu, klama,
litru, makfa, menli, muvdu.)
mensi [mes me’i] x1 is a sister of/sororal to
x2 by bond/tie/standard/parent(s) x3; [not necessarily biological]. (See also bruna, tunba, tamne,
famti.)
menske s1 (mass of facts) is mental science/psychology about subject matter s2 based on
methodology s3. (Cf. menli, saske, bi’armenske,
menmikce.)
mentapiperita x1 is a quantity of peppermint of
species/strain x2
mentu [met me’u] x1 is x2 minutes in duration (default is 1 minute) by standard x3. (See also
junla, cacra, snidu, tcika.)
menynunda’a n1 is psychological warfare on
the part of d1.
menytcaci t1 is the psychological disposition of
t2 = m2. (Cf. tcaci, seltra, selzu’e, selpre.)
merbau m1 = b1 is the American English used
by b2 to express/communicate b3 (si’o/du’u, not
quote). (Cf. bangu, merko, glico, bangenugu.)
merfei f1 is worth f2 = m1 US cents. (Cf. fepni,
merko, jdini)
merfiti x1 is a skunk of genus/species x2. (Cf.
ckankua, cribe, prokioni, mabru.)
mergu’e m1 = g1 is the United States of America. (Cf. merko, gugde, gugde’usu.)
merja’a m1 = j1 is a president of the United
States of America. (Cf. merko, jatna, nolraitru)
merje’a j1 = m1 is the United State of America
as a state. (A U.S. state, or any part of a federation
is referred to as gugypau. Cf. merko, jecta, bemro.)
merkadno m1 = k1 reflects angloamerican culture/nationality/geography/language in aspect
m1 = k1. (Pertaining to the United States and
Canada. Cf. merko, kadno, bemro, bemjoitco)
merklu k1 = m1 is US culture. (Cf. merko,
kulnu, bemro)
merko [mer] x1 pertains to USA/American
culture/nationality/dialect in aspect x2. (See also
brito, bemro, ketco, xispo, glico.)
merlanu x1 is a whiting of species x2. (Cf. finpe,
merluci, finprgado, sperlanu, labyfi’e.)
merli [mre] x1 (agent) measures/evaluates x2
[quantity] as x3 units on scale x4 (si’o), with accuracy x5. (See also kancu, rupnu, fepni, dekpu,
gutci, minli, merli, bunda, ckilu, gradu, satci,
centi, cimde, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti,
gotro, kilto, kramu, litce, manri, megdo, mikri,
milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso,
zepti, zetro.)
mernta x1 is a quantity of mint (member of the
genus Mentha) of species/strain x2
mertru t1 is a government of the United States
of America. (Cf. merko, turni, merja’a)
meryru’u r1 = m1 is r2 US dollars. (Cf. merko,
rupnu, jdini, merfei)
mes Sister (Cf. mensi, bun, mam, paf, bes, tix.)
mexno [mex] x1 reflects Mexican culture/nationality in aspect x2. (See also xispo,
bemro, spano.)
mexybau m1 = b1 is the Mexican Spanish
language used by b2 to express/communicate b3
(si’o/du’u, not quote). (from mexno bangu c.f.
sanbau.)
mexygu’e m1 = g1 is Mexico (Cf. mexno,
gugde, gugdemuxu.)
me [ME] convert sumti to selbri/tanru element;
x1 is specific to [sumti] in aspect x2.
mi’afra f1 laughs at f3 under conditions f4. (Cf.
cisma, mlimi’a.)
mi’amli m1 = c1 titters/chuckles/giggles. (Cf.
cmila, milxe.)
mi’arpe’u p1 (agent) tickles p2 with p3 (a locus
on p1 or an instrument) at p4 (a locus on p2). (Cf.
mlisa’e, tikpa.)
mi’asna s1 is laughter emitted by s2 = c1 (c.f.
cmila, sance.)
98micyxu’i milgra
mi’a [KOhA3] pro-sumti: me/we the
speaker(s)/author(s) & others unspecified,
but not you, the listener.
mi’ecpe m1 = c1 demands/exacts c2 = m3 of
c3 = m2, with manner/form of demand c4. (Cf.
minde, cpedu, pikci, preti, ca’icpe, camcpe.)
mi’enai [COI*] self vocative: self-introduction -
denial of identity; denies identity of speaker.
mi’esku x1 = m1 = c1 expresses/states command x2 = c2 to recipient(s) x3 = m2 = c3 via
expressive medium x4 = c4. (m3 of minde (the
desired result) is presumably cointained in he expression of the command. x1 commands x3 with
expression x2.)
mi’e [COI] self vocative: self-introduction - denial of identity; identifies speaker.
mi’ircelxa’i x1 = c1 is a machine gun for use
against x2 by x3, launching projectile c2 propelled
by c3. (Cf. minji, cecla, xarci, xumjimcelxa’i, xilcelxa’i, clacelxa’i, celgunta. )
mi’ircikre c1 repairs/mends/fixes/maintains c2
for use m2 = c3 (from minji cikre)
mi’irlarfi’a c1 is technology-oriented science fiction about plot/theme/subject c2 by author c3,
based on technology l1. (Cf. mi’irlarcu, skefi’a,
minji, larcu, cfika)
mi’ispi s1 is a piece of machine m1 = s2. (Cf.
minji, spisa)
mi’i [BIhI] non-logical interval connective: ordered components: ... center, ... range surrounding center.
mi’o [KOhA3] pro-sumti: me/we the
speaker(s)/author(s) & you the listener(s).
mi’u [UI3b] discursive: ditto. (See also mintu.)
mianma x1 is Burmese in aspect x2.
mibma’o c1 is a first person pronoun in language c4. (Cf. mi, mi’a, ma’a, mi’e, cmavo,
donma’o, sevzi, se’a, se’i, se’o.)
mibypre m1 = p1 is me. (Used instead of mi
when a brivla is needed.)
micka’agau m1 = g1 uses surgical implement
k1 to operate on organ(s) k2 of patient m2, as a
treatment for ailment m3. (Cf. mikce, katna)
micka’aku’a k1 is an operating theatre in which
to perform surgery m4. (Cf. mikce, kumfa,
micka’agau, spita)
micydi’u d1 is a clinic/surgery/practice with
doctor(s) m1. (Cf. mikce, dinju, spita)
micyske x1 is medicine/medical science/medical treatment to x2 for ailmentx3
by treatment/cure x4. (Cf. mikce, bilma, kanro,
spita.)
micyxu’i x1 is an instance/dose/quantity of
medication/medicine/drug x2 for treating ailment m3. (Cf. mikce, xukmi.)
mic Doctor (Cf. mikce.)
midju [mij] x1 is in/at the middle/center/midpoint/[is a focus] of x2; (adjective:) x1 is central. (See also lanxe, jbini, nutli,
snuji, milxe, denmi, ralju.)
midnoi n1 is an instruction for n2 = m3
(event/state) to occur, issued by n3 = m1 for intended recipient n4 = m2. (Cf. minde, notci)
midvla v1 is a command word/keyword ordering v2 = m3 (event/state) in language v3. (Cf.
minde, valsi)
mifra [mif] x1 is encoded/cipher text of plaintext x2 by code/coding system x3; x1 is in code; x3
is a code. (Code (= termifra). See also mipri, lerfu,
sinxa.)
mijdorsai x1 is a meal with meal dish x2.
mijgresirji x1 is a diameter between x2 and x3
of x4.
mikce [mic] x1 doctors/treats/nurses/[cures]/is physician/midwife
to x2 for ailment x3 by treatment/cure x4. (Also
medic; (adjective:) x1, x4 is medical; x2 is a
patient of x1 (= selmikce for reordered places) ;
x2 is treated by x1 person/x4 treatment/method;
successfully cure transitive (= sadmikce, sadvelmikce), intransitive (= sadyselmikce, ka’orbi’o
to not imply an external agent/process, though
the x1 and x4 of mikce may be self/internal);
treatment (= velmikce). See also bilma, kanro,
spita.)
mikri [mik] x1 is a millionth [10
6
] of x2 in
dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). (See also
grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo,
xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto,
femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, milti,
nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti,
zetro)
miksini m1 is a hagfish of species m2.
miksnidu x1 is x2 microseconds in duration.
(mikri snidu; the default x2 is 1)
mikygra g1 is g2 micrograms in mass (default is
1) by standard g3. (Cf. mikri, grake)
milgra g1 is g2 milligrams in mass by standard
g3
99

mipri misrygu’e
milsnidu x1 is x2 milliseconds in duration.
(milti snidu; the default x2 is 1)
milti [mil] x1 is a thousandth [1/1000; 10
3
]
of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units).
(See also grake, mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro,
kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti,
dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo,
mikri, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso,
zepti, zetro)
miltre mit1 = mil1 is mit2 = mil1 (one by default) millimeter(s) in length measured in direction
mit3 by standard mit4.
milxe [mli] x1 is mild/nonextreme/gentle/middling/somewhat in property
x2 (ka); x1 is not very x2. (See also mutce, traji,
kandi, ruble, midju, nutli, ralci, traji.)
mimpoi x1 is a sequence of members x2, x3, x4,
... in that order. (The ordering rule is simply the
order of the arguments, the unordered set is the
set with members x2, x3, x4, ...)
minde [mid mi’e] x1 issues commands/orders to x2 for result x3 (event/state)
to happen; x3 is commanded to occur. ([also: x1
orders/sets/Triggers. x2 to do/bring about x3;
x1 is a commander; commanded (= termi’e)]; See
also lacri, te bende, jatna, ralju, jitro, turni, tinbe.)
minji [mi’i] x1 is a machine for use/function
x2; [automated apparatus, without direct function
control]. (Also machinery/mechanism; a machine
is initiated/triggered by an agent/force, but thereafter performs its function automatically; if selfdirected, (a minji is an) entity (= zukte). See also
cabra, matra, tutci, zukte, pilno, skami.)
minli x1 is x2 (default 1) long local distance
unit(s) [non-metric], x3 subunits, standard x4.
((additional subunit places may be added as x5,
x6, ...); See also mitre, kilto, clani, ganra, condi,
rotsu, rupnu, fepni, dekpu, gutci, minli, merli,
bunda, kramu.)
minra [mir] x1 reflects/mirrors/echoes x2
[object/radiation] to observer/point x3 as x4; x2
bounces on x1. (Also: x1 is a mirror/reflector. x2
may be light, lu’e of an imaged object; x4 may be
image or echo or the same as x2 if physical object;
x3 may be a path for a bounced object; ka is reflection. See also catlu, viska, lenjo, pensi.)
mintu [mit mi’u] x1 is the same/identical
thing as x2 by standard x3; (x1 and x2 interchangeable). ((cf. panra, satci, mapti, simsa, drata,
dunli, cmavo list du - which has no standard place,
simxu))
mipri [mip] x1 keeps x2 secret/hidden from
x3 by method x4; x2 is a secret; x1 hides/conceals
x2. (Intransitive hidden/secret, without an agent
(= selcri or nalterju’o); secret (= selmipri). See also
stace, mifra, sivni, djuno, cirko, jarco.)
mipstu s1 (place) hides m2 = s2 from m3 by
method m4; s1 is a hiding place. (Cf. mipri, stuzi)
miptera x1 is a bug of species x2. (see also cinki,
ckacinki, moptera, miptinytci, cfila, fanza)
miptinytci tu1 = m2 is a bug used by ti1 = m1
to listen to ti2 without mi3 being aware. (see also
cfila, miptera, fanza)
mipypro f1 = m1 secretly opposes f2 = m3 regarding f3 (abstract) with secrecy method m4. (Cf.
mipri, fapro)
mipypu’i x1 = p1 = m1 hides/conceals x2 = p2
from x4 = m3 on/at surface/locus x3 = p3 = m1,
the location being kept secret by method x5 = m4.
mipyzga z1 spies/snoops on z2 using
senses/means z3 under conditions z4.
mircai x1 glitters/sparkles/glares, reflecting x2
to observer x3.
mirlanxe l1 is symmetrical about axis m1.
mirli x1 is a deer/elk/moose/[hart/stag/doe]
of species/breed x2. (See also mabru, danlu.)
mirsarxe s1 is symmetrical about axis m1.
mirsi’o s1 = m4 is a notion of s2 = m2 to cognizer s3 = m3. (A mental reflection of real objects
and phenomena in their essential features and relations. Cf. sidbo, selpei, selga’e, tarmi.)
mirsna s1 = m4 is an echo of sound m2 = s2,
reflected by m1 and heard by m3.
misno [mis mi’o] x1 (person/object/event)
is famous/renowned/is a celebrity among
community of persons x2 (mass). (Also
celebrated/well-known; (derogative meanings:)
notorious/infamous (= malmi’o; these could also
be expressed using the referenced words). See
also se sinma, banli.)
misro x1 reflects Egyptian culture/nationality
in aspect x2. (See also friko, muslo, xrabo.)
misrybau m1 = b1 is the Egyptian Arabic
language used by b2 to express/communicate b3
(si’o/du’u, not quote). (Cf. misro, bangu, rabybau, bangaru’a, bangarubu.)
misryfrinu x1 is an Egyptian fraction with denominators x2, x3, ... (see also porfrinu)
misrygu’e x1 is Egypt. (Cf. misro, gugde,
gugde’egu.)
100

mivylivla mlaselfa’a
misryle’u x1 is an Egyptian character in writing
system x2 (hieroglyphic/hieratic/demotic) meaning x3.
misryplespa x1 is a papyrus plant of variety x2.
(see also misryple, stagrleoxari)
misryple x1 is papyrus from source x2. (see also
misryplespa, pelji)
misyselsi’a m1 = s2 is glorified by s1. (Cf.
sinma, censa.)
mitcinpa’i x1 is homosexual/gay/lesbian;.
mitcinse c1 is homosexual/bisexual in situation c2 by standard c4. (For strict homosexuality,
see pavmitcinse. Cf. relcinse, dutcinse, nakcinse,
fetcinse.)
mitfa’e m1 = f1 is palindromic by standard m3.
(Cf. valsi, mirsarxe.)
mitmlu s1 = m1 seems to be the same as m2 by
standard m3 to observer s3 under conditions s4.
(Cf. simlu, mitmlu.)
mitmo’a mo1 = mi1 follows the same pattern
as mi2 with respect to forms/events mo2 arranged
according to structure mo3. (Cf. mintu, morna)
mitre [tre] x1 is x2 meter(s) [metric unit] in
length (default 1) measured in direction x3 by
standard x4. (See also kilto, centi, decti, dekto,
femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, gutci, litce, megdo,
mikri, milti, minli, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi,
xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro.)
mitsmuvla v1 = m1 is a synonym of m2 by standard m3 in language v3. (Cf. mintu, smuni, valsi,
smuske)
mityjutcti m1 = j1 = c1 cannibalizes c2. m1 =
j1 = c1 is a cannibal.
mivdalmuzga x1 = m1 is a zoo at x3 = m3 with
animals x2 = m2 = j1 = d1. (Cf. jmive, danlu,
muzga)
mivgau g1 reincarnates/resurrects j1 by standard j2. (Cf. jmive, gasnu)
mivjdu jd1 = jm1 is a jelly fish. (Cf. jmive, jduli,
finpe.)
mivmu’e m1 is nature/the world of living
things m2 = j1, defined by rules m3. (Cf. jmive,
munje)
mivmu’i x1 = m1 is a life-goal of x3 = m3 = j1
motivating x2 = m2 . (Cf. jmive, mukti)
mivru’e p1 is the life of j1 through stages p4.
(This focuses on the process of x2’s life as a succession of stages (childhood, chrysalis, etc.), while
nunji’e more generally denotes the event of x2 being alive without a default terbri to specify the
stages x2 goes through during that event.)
mivylivla l1 is adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
transporting energy within organism l2 = j1.
mivyselkra x1 is organic, originating in living
organism x2. (See also tabyselcmu, rarvelcange.)
mivyselna’a n2 (number) is the age (in years)
of living thing j1, alive by standard j2, with year
standard n3.
mivyske s1 is biology/Life Science based on
methodology s2. (Cf. mrodalmuzga.)
mivyxu’i xu1 is an instance of chemical substance xu2 derived from biological source j1. (Cf.
xukmi.)
mixre [mix xre] x1 (mass) is a mixture/blend/colloid/commingling with
ingredients including x2. (x2 mingles/mixes/blends into x1; x2 is in x1, an
ingredient/part/component/element of x1 (=
selxre for reordered places). See also salta, te
runta, stasu, jicla, sanso.)
mi [mib] [KOhA3] pro-sumti: me/we the
speaker(s)/author(s); identified by self-vocative.
mlafi’e f1 is a flatfish of family/genus/species
f2, swimming with side m1 upward. (Cf. finpe,
polgosu, flundero, platesa.)
mlajukma’i x1 is July of year x2 in calendar x3.
(Cf. zelmasti, kanbyma’i, nanca.)
mlakla x1 = k1 = m4 dodges/sidesteps/skirts
x2 = m2 from x3 = k3 by route x4 = k4 by means
of transportation x5 = k5. (The lateral frame of reference is that of the one who sidesteps. Cf. mlana,
klama, koizva.)
mlaluka x1 is a paperbark/tea tree of
species/variety x2.
mlana [mla] x1 is to the side of/lateral to x2
and facing x3 from point of view/in-frame-ofreference x4. ((cf. crane, trixe, pritu, zunle which
differ in that the direction of facing is the front and
not the lateral side. The x4 of mlana may be either
the front, or back side of x2, korbi))
mlaparsince s1 = c1 is a sidewinder of subspecies/type s2
mlapau m1 = p1 is the side of / is a part and
on the side of m2 = p2 and is facing m3 from
point of view/in-frame-of-reference m4. (Made
from mlana + pagbu.)
mlaselfa’a f2 is sideways from f3 = m2 . (x3 =
f1, the exact direction, is unspecified. Cf. mlana,
farna.)
101mlifanza mo’iga’u
mlatu [lat] x1 is a cat/[puss/pussy/kitten]
[feline animal] of species/breed x2; (adjective:) x1
is feline. (See also cinfo, tirxu, gerku.)
mlaxelbo’a m1 is a sideband of signal b1 = m2.
mleba’i m1 = b1 is splendid/glorious/magnificent to m2 in aspect m3
(ka) by aesthetic standard m4, and by greatness
standard b4.
mleca [mec me’a] x1 is less than x2 in property/quantity x3 (ka/ni) by amount x4. (Also negative (= nonme’a). See also cmavo list me’a, cmavo
list su’o, jdika, zmadu, traji.)
mledi [led] x1 is a
mold/fungus/mushrooms/truffles of
species/strain x2 parasitic/growing on x3.
(See also clika.)
mlegaumai ma1 = g1 is a cosmetic/makeup for
beautifying me1 in aspect me3, made up of material ma2 in form ma3 (me2, me4 dropped g2 is lo
nu me1 melbi zi’o me3 )
mlejgi j1 is vain. (Cf. melbi, jgira)
mlemau z1 = m1 is more beautiful than z2 to
m2 in aspect m3 (ka) by amount z4. (Cf. melbi,
zmadu, mlerai, mecmlerai, mleme’a.)
mleme’a ml1 = me1 is less beautiful than ml2 to
me2 in aspect me3 (ka) by amount ml4. (Cf. melbi,
mleca, mlemau, mlerai, mecmlerai.)
mlenicygau g1 grooms/spruces up c1 = m1 in
property/aspect c2 = m3. (Cf. melbi, cnici, gasnu,
jisygau, lumci.)
mlerai m1 = t1 is most beautiful among
set/range t3 to m2 in aspect m3 (ka) by aesthetic
standard m4. (Cf. melbi, traji, mlemau, mecmlerai,
mleme’a.)
mletritra ta1 = tr1 = m1 is coquettish/flirtatious with tr2 = m2 in aspect m3 (from
melbi trina tarti)
mliba’u x1 = m1 = b1 whispers/mumbles/murmurs/coos utterance x2 = b2;
x1 = m1 = b1 speaks softly. (Cf. milxe, bacru,
smasku, laurblesku.)
mlibdena x1 is molybdenum.
mlibi’e b1 = m1 is breeze/zephyr from direction
b2 with speed b3. (Cf. milxe, brife)
mlibra b1 = m1 is somewhat big in dimension
b2 by standard b3. (Cf. milxe, barda)
mliburna b1 is mildly embarrassed/disconcerted about/under conditions
b2 (abstraction). (Cf. milxe, burna)
mlifanza f1 (event) slightly annoys/irritates/bothers/distracts f2.
mlifegba’u m1 = f1 = b1 grumbles with sound
b2 at f2 because of f3 (action/state/property). (jvajvo definition; Gismu deep structure is ”milxe gi’e
fengu gi’e bacru”)
mligla g1 = m1 is warm by standard g2. (Cf.
glare.)
mlilenku l1 = m1 is cool (mildly cold) by standard l2. (Cf. lenku.)
mlimi’a c1 chuckles. (Cf. cisma, mi’afra,
mlimi’afra.)
mliri’a r1 (event/state)
mildens/allays/alleviates effect r2 (event/state)
under conditions r3. (Cf. mliri’agau for a person
as x1.)
mlisa’e s1 (agent) pets/gently strokes s2 with
s3. (Cf. pencu, mi’arpe’u, tikpa, tunta.)
mlongena x1 is eggplant of variety x2. (see also
patlu, tamca, kapsiku, labnyjba)
mluni [lun] x1 is a satellite/moon orbiting x2
with characteristics x3, orbital parameters x4. (See
also plini, solri, lunra.)
mo’aroi [ROI*] tense interval modifier: too few
times; objective tense; defaults as time tense.
mo’a [mob] [PA4] digit/number: too few;
subjective.
mo’e [MOhE] convert sumti to mex operand;
sample use in story arithmetic: [3 apples] + [3 apples] = what.
mo’ibe’a [FAhA*] space motion tense: northwardly; to the north directional space motion.
mo’ibu’u [FAhA*] space motion tense: moving
to coincide directional space motion.
mo’ica’u [FAhA*] space motion tense: forward
directional space motion.
mo’icli c1 = m1 memorizes/commits to memory c2 = m2 (du’u) about subject c3 =
m3 from source c4 (obj./event) by method c5
(event/process)) (This word is different from cilre
in that it doesn’t include actual understanding of
the memorized data but merely the storage of it in
one’s memory.)
mo’idu’a [FAhA*] space motion tense: eastwardly; to the east directional space motion.
mo’ifa’a [FAhA*] space motion tense: arriving
at; arriving at a point directional space motion.
mo’iga’u [FAhA*] space motion tense: upwardly; upwards directional space motion.
102moi molmla
mo’ine’a [FAhA*] space motion tense: approximating; moving around the neighborhood of ...
space motion.
mo’ine’i [FAhA*] space motion tense: moving
into directional space motion.
mo’ine’u [FAhA*] space motion tense: southwardly; to the south directional space motion.
mo’ini’a [FAhA*] space motion tense: downwardly; downwards directional space motion.
mo’ipa’o [FAhA*] space motion tense: passing
through directional space motion.
mo’ire’o [FAhA*] space motion tense: along;
along a path directional space motion.
mo’iri’u [FAhA*] space motion tense: rightwardly; to the right directional space motion.
mo’iru’u [FAhA*] space motion tense: orbiting;
surrounding/annular directional space motion.
mo’isro s1 is a memory/storage/anamnesis
containing facts/data/recollection s2 = m2 within
medium/substrate/containment s3, said facts related to subject m3. (Cf. morji, sorcu, mojrango.)
mo’isti s1 = m1 forgets fact/memory m2 about
subject m3. (Cf. morji, sisti, tolmo’i.)
mo’ite’e [FAhA*] space motion tense: moving
along the border directional space motion.
mo’iti’a [FAhA*] space motion tense: rearwardsly; rearwards directional space motion.
mo’ito’o [FAhA*] space motion tense: moving
away from a point directional space motion.
mo’ivu’a [FAhA*] space motion tense: westwardly; to the west directional space motion.
mo’ize’o [FAhA*] space motion tense: outwardsly; outward directional space motion.
mo’izo’a [FAhA*] space motion tense: passing
by a site directional space motion.
mo’izo’i [FAhA*] space motion tense: approaching directional space motion.
mo’izu’a [FAhA*] space motion tense: leftwardsly; to the left directional space motion.
mo’i [mov] [MOhI] mark motions in spacetime.
mo’o [MAI] higher-order utterance ordinal suf-
fix; converts a number to ordinal, usually a section/chapter.
mo’u [ZAhO] interval event contour: at the natural ending point of ...; completive ― ¿―¡.
mobdu’a d1 is stingy about giving d2 to d3. (Cf.
mo’a, dunda.)
moi [mom moi] [MOI] convert number to ordinal selbri; x1 is (n)th member of set x2 ordered
by rule x3.
mojgaunoi x1 = n1 is a message reminding
facts x2 = m2 about x3 = m3 = n2 from author
x4 = n3 = g1 to intended audience x5 = n4 = m1.
(Cf. selmojnoi, mojgau, notci’a, gasnu, notci.)
mojgau g1 reminds m1 of facts m2 about m3.
(Cf. morji, mojgaunoi, mojri’a.)
mojmau z1 has a better memory than z2
with regards to facts m2 about subject m3 by
amount/excess z4.
mojrango r1 is the memory faculty of
body/species r2. (Cf. morji, rango, mo’isro.)
mojri’a r1 (event) reminds m1 of facts m2 about
subject m3 under conditions r3. (Cf. morji, rinka,
mojgau.)
mojypei p1 = m1 remembers/thinks
back/reminisces about p2 = m3, recalling
facts m2. (Cf. morji, pensi.)
mojysu’a s1 is a structure of parts s2 as a monument/memorial to m3. (Cf. mrostu.)
mokca [moc] x1 is a point/instant/moment
[0-dimensional shape/form] in/on/at time/place
x2. (x1 is dimensionless. See also jipno, jganu, linji,
stuzi, tcika.)
moklu [mol mo’u] x1 is a/the mouth/oral
cavity [body-part] of x2; (metaphor: entrance/intake for consumption). ((adjective:)
x1 is oral. See also ctebi, denci, tance.)
molgai g1 is a muzzle on m2 (from moklu gacri)
molgapru g1 is the palate of m2. (Cf. moklu.)
molgle g1 = m2 performs oral sex on g2. (Cf.
gletu, vibgle, gaxygle. le gletu is taken as the ’active’ partner.)
molja’u m1 = j1 is the mandible of arthropod
m2 = j2 (This is a mandible of a insect/other
arthropod. This is not to be confused with the
mandible of vertrabrates which is xedja or dzixe’a)
molki [mlo] x1 is a mill/foundry/industrial
plant/[assembly line] performing process x2.
((unlike fanri,) need not produce a product; grain
mill (= grumlo), grinding mill (= zalmlo, zalmlotci,
zalmloca’a). See also gasta, gurni, tirse, fanri, zalvi.)
molku’o m1 = s1 is a philtrum (infranasal depression) of m2 = s2. (Cf. skuro, moklu, nazbi,
flira.)
molmla x1 is the cheek of x2 (person/animal)
103mosyjgita mrori’a
molro [mo’o] x1 is x2 mole(s) [metric unit] in
substance (default is 1) by standard x3. (See also
centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro, kilto,
megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi,
xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro.)
molselpu’u x1 = s2 is
saliva/sput/sputum/spittle of x2 = s1. (Cf.
kalselvi’i.)
moltenva’u x1 = v1 yawns/[breathes while
stretching mouth] (Cf. vasxu, moklu, tcena, sipfru,
ta’irva’u.)
moltu’u t1 is a mouthpiece/embouchure of material t2 conveying fluid t3. (Cf. tubnu, zgica’a.)
momlai x1 is the x2nd member of set x3 ordered
by rule x4 .
monfu’igau x1 = g1 (agent) emulates x3 =
f2 resulting in emulation/imitation x2 = f1 in
medium x4 = f3 by method x5 = f4 exhibiting
pattern x6 = m1. (Cf. monfu’i.)
monfu’i f1 is an emulation/imitation of f2 in
medium f3, emulated by method f4 and exhibiting pattern m1. (Cf. morna, fukpi, monfu’igau.)
morji [moj mo’i] x1 remembers/recalls/recollects fact(s)/memory x2 (du’u)
about subject x3. (See also cmavo list ba’anai,
menli, pensi, sanji, djuno, notci.)
morko [mor] x1 reflects Moroccan culture/nationality in aspect x2. (See also friko,
xrabo, muslo.)
morna [mon mo’a] x1 is/reflects/represents
a pattern of forms/events x2 arranged according
to structure x3. ([x3 is a model for x1 (= termontai, or the more abstract = termonsi’o); image (= gusmo’a, nenmo’a, dairmo’a, selylenmo’a,
selmirmo’a, velmirmo’a, but also all of these -
tai instead of -mo’a for the ideal)]; See also ciste,
ganzu, marji, slilu, stura, tarmi, boxna, cimde,
gidva, jimpe, rilti.)
morsi [mro] x1 is dead/has ceased to be alive.
(Die/mortal (= mrobi’o, co’urji’e). See also jmive,
catra, betri.)
mors Morse; Morse code, telegraphy.
mosra [mos] x1 is friction [force opposing motion] due to contact/rubbing between x2 and x3;
(fe) x2 rubs x3. (Also x2 scrubs/wipes/brushes
(against) x3 (= seltermosra); non-agentive rub (=
termosra). See also sakli, sraku, jabre, satre, guska,
pencu, spali.)
mosycpu l1 drags/hauls l2 = m2 by handle/at
locus l3 along surface m3. (Cf. mosra, lacpu.)
mosyjgita j1 is a bowed string instrument using
bow m2. (Cf. mosra, jgita, jgitrviolino, jgitrxu.)
mosyvi’u v1 = m2 rubs off v2 from v3 = m3
leaving remainder v4. (Cf. mosra, vimcu.)
mo [GOhA] pro-bridi: bridi/selbri/brivla
question.
mraigo m1 is Welsh in aspect m2.
mraji x1 is a quantity of rye [grain] of
species/strain x2. (See also gurni.)
mrajymledi ml1 is ergot of species ml2. (A fungus that grows on rye and other cereals; it contains
the alkaloid ergotamine, which has hallucinogenic
effects on humans and animals, and from which
LSD!en is synthesized.)
mrena’u n1 is a real number. (Cf. namcu,
mulna’u, xarna’u.)
mreske s1 is metrology based on methodology
s2.
mrilu [mri] x1 mails/posts [transfer via intermediary service] x2 to recipient address x3 from
mailbox/post office/sender address x4 by carrier/network/system x5. (Also x4 post office,
mailbox. (cf. benji In which the medium need
not be a 3rd party service/system, and x2 need not
consist of discrete units. notci, xatra, tcana))
mriste l1 is a mailing list with subscribers/recipients l2 = m3. (Cf. mrilu, ve
cusku)
mrobi’o b1 dies under conditions b3.
mrocticpi cip1 = cit1 is a vulture of species cip2.
(Cf. morsi, citka, cipni.)
mrodalmuzga mu1 is a natural history museum
for preserving [and possibly exhibiting] animals of
kind mu2 = d2 = mo1 at location mu3. (Cf. mivdalmuzga, mivyske.)
mrodimna x1 is mortal/subject to death. (See
also morsi, dimna, mroka’e)
mrodri b1 mourns/grieves over the death of
m1 = b2
mrofoi f1 is a cemetery/graveyard/burial
ground for dead person(s)/animal(s) m1. (Cf.
morsi, mrobi’o, derse’a.)
mroka’e m1 = k1 is mortal/capable of dying
under conditions k3. (Used in Theodore Reed’s
translation of ”A Princess of Mars”.)
mroke’a k1 is a grave in ground k2 for m1. (Cf.
morsi, mrostu, mrofoi, derse’a.)
mrori’a x1 is the cause of x2’s death under conditions x3; x1 kills x2.
104muclai mulfa’o
mrospe x1=s1 is widowed from x2=m1=s2 by
law/convention x3=s3 (See also: speni, nu’ospe,
spesti)
mrostu s1 is the grave/tomb of m1 = s2. (Cf.
morsi, mrofoi, derse’a.)
mrotolkakpa k1 buries/inters corpse/[entomb]
k2 = m1 at grave/cemetery/[mausoleum/crypt]
k3 (k4 dropped because of little use in this application.)
mrovau v1 is a coffin containing v2 = m1. (Cf.
morsi, mrostu, mrofoi.)
mrubo’u x1 is the hammer/malleus in ear x2 in
body x3
mruli [mru] x1 [tool] is a hammer
for/hammers x2 [target] consisting of
weight/head x3 propelled by x4. (See also
tutci.)
mu’acu’i [UI*3] discursive: for example - omitting - end examples.
mu’anai [UI*3] discursive: for example - omitting - end examples.
mu’a [UI3] discursive: for example - omitting -
end examples. (See also mupli.)
4 mu’ei [ROI] Converts PA into tense;
in [number (usually nonspecific)] possible
worlds/alternate histories where [sumti (du’u)] is
true (Includes what ”may have happened” if the
past were different from the actual past. See ba’oi)
mu’erkraske x1 is cosmology (in astronomy)
based on methodology x2 (Cf. mu’eske, kesyske,
kensa, munje, krasi, saske)
mu’eske s1 is cosmology based on methodology s3. (Cf. munje, saske, tarske, termu’eske.)
mu’etru t1 is a lord of universe t2 = m1.
mu’e [muf] [NU1] abstractor: achievement (event) abstractor; x1 is the event-as-apoint/achievement of [bridi].
mu’i ma [BAI*] sumti question asking for a motive; why?.
mu’inai [BAI*] mukti modal, 1st place despite
motive ...
mu’i [BAI] mukti modal, 1st place because of
motive ...
mu’onai [COI*] vocative: over (response OK) -
more to come.
mu’o [COI] vocative: over (response OK) -
more to come.
mu’u [BAI] mupli modal, 1st place exemplified
by ...
muclai k1 is k2 (quantifier, default: one) spoonfuls/scoopfuls in quantity. (Cf. smuci, klani.)
mucti [mut] x1 is immaterial/not physical/without material form. (See also marji, menli,
pruxi, sidbo.)
mudbli x1 is a block of wood x2 with surfaces
x3.
mudri [mud] x1 is a quantity of/is made
of/contains wood/lumber from tree(s) of
type/species x2. (See also tricu, stani.)
mudyctijalra j1 is a termite of species j2. (Cf.
jalra.)
mudydei x1 is Thursday of week x2 on calendar
x3.
mudyfagri f1 is a wood fire burning in/reacting
with oxidizer f3. (Omit x3 = f2 = m1. Cf. fagri,
jelca, mudri.)
mudyka’apre p1 is a woodcutter/lumberjack
using tool k1 to cut trees of species m2. (Cf. mudri,
katna.)
mudypu’o p1 = m1 is sawdust of wood type
p2 = m2. (Cf. cmamudyspi, tricu.)
mudyxultci t1 is an adze
mufspe m1 is the marriage of s1 and s2 under
convention s3. (Probably a misnomer for nunspe)
mujyku’e k1 is universal in domain m2 defined
by rules m3 (from munje kuspe c.f. kampu)
mujysamseltcana t2 is the internet/cyberspace
that includes nodes/computers t1 = s1 whose
function/purpose is s2. (Cf. munje, skami, tcana,
samseltcana, kagysamseltcana, internet.)
muki’o [PA*] number/quantity: 5,000 expressed with comma.
mukti [muk mu’i] x1 (action/event/state)
motivates/is a motive/incentive for action/event
x2, per volition of x3. (Also; x3 is motivated to
bring about result/goal/objective x2 by x1 (=
termu’i for reordered places); (note that ’under
conditions’ BAI may apply and be appropriately
added to the main predicate level or within the x2
action level). (cf. cmavo list mu’i, nibli, te zukte
- generally better for ’goal’, se jalge, krinu, rinka,
ciksi, djica, xlura))
mulbi’o x1 is completed in property x2 according to standard x3
mulcabna x1 (event) is after x2 (event) concludes. x1 is in the future when x2 finishes
mulfa’o f1 is the end/finish/completion of
completed thing/process f2 = m1.
105mumoi murta
mulgau g1 makes m1 complete in property m2
by standard m4. (Cf. mulno, gasnu, tolcfari’i.)
mulgri g1 = m1 is a complete set showing common property (ka) g2, complete by standard m3.
(Cf. mulno, girzu)
mulgunma g1 = m1 is a
mass/team/aggregate/whole, together composed solely/completely/wholly of components
x2, considered jointly, by standard m3. (From
mulno + gunma. Just gunma with a complete
specification of members. m2 dropped since the
property is always ”membership in the mass in
question”. m3 left in since it seems to do no harm,
although its meaning seems a bit unclear here.)
muljbi x1 is almost/nearly
done/complete/finished/whole in property
x2 by standard x3. (See also so’a)
mulkla k1 = m1 arrives at k2 from k3 via route
k4 by means k5. (k1 = m1 is complete in coming/going to k2.)
mulna’usle s1 = mn1 is an indivisible /
prime number in integer domain s2. (Made from
mulna’u + selci.;)
mulna’u n1 is an integer.
mulno [mul mu’o] x1 (event) is complete/done/finished; x1 (object) has become
whole in property x2 by standard x3. (Also perfected, entirety; (adverb/adjective:) entire, total,
integral, fully, totally, wholly, completely, entirely.
See also fanmo, culno, pagbu, xadba, prane, jalge,
sumji, munje, sisti, xadni.)
mulpi’i p1 is the integer result of multiplying integer p2 by integer p3. (Made from mulno + pilji.
See also mulna’u, mulna’usle.)
mulslemijyji’e x1 is a eukaryote of species x2.
(An eukaryote is an organism whose cells contain
complex structures enclosed within membranes.
All species of large complex organisms are eukaryotes, including animals (=danlu), plants (=spati)
and fungi (=mledi, although most species of eukaryote are protist microorganisms (=jurmi).)
multertu’i m1 = t3 (du’u) is unanimous / based
on complete agreement among t1 = t2.
mumbais Mumbai.
mumbircurnu x1 is a starfish of species x2. (Cf.
mu, birka, curnu.)
mumdei x1 is a Friday of week x2 in calendar
x3.
mumei [MOI*] quantifier selbri: convert 5 to
cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with the quintet of members x2.
mumoi [MOI*] quantified selbri: convert 5 to
ordinal selbri; x1 is fifth among x2 ordered by rule
x3.
mumplini p1 is the fifth closest planet (default
is Jupiter if p2 is the Sun) revolving around p2
(default is the Sun), with planetary characteristics
p3, orbital parameters p4. (Cf. mumplin, pavyplini, relplini etc.; see also terdi, solri, mluni, lunra,
plinycma, tarci’e.)
mumplin Jupiter. (Cf. mumplini.)
mumymasti x1 is May/the fifth month of year
x2 in calendar x3. (Cf. pavmasti, nanca.)
mumymast May. (Cf. bakma’i, mumymasti.)
mumymoija’a j1 has the rank of
Colonel/Captain/Group Captain (equivalent
of NATO OF-5) in military unit /organization j2.
(Cf. mu, moi, jatna, jemja’a, vairsoi, xavmoija’a,
vonmoija’a. Based on STANAG 2116: NATO
Codes for Grades of Military Personnel.)
mumymomdegji m1 = d1 is the little finger of
d2. (Cf. degji.)

munje [muj mu’e] x1 is a universe/cosmos
[complete and ordered entirety] of domain/sphere
x2 defined by rules x3. (Also world; a universe is
a kind of system, one which comprehensively encompasses its domain; e.g. ’universe of discourse’,
or ’world of birds’; x3 are the rules/defining principles which distinguish the universe from other
universes, or from non-universe. See also ciste,
plini, kensa, mulno.)
munono [PA*] number/quantity: 500 [five
hundred].
muno [PA*] number/quantity: 50 [fifty].
mupcpa c1 takes a sample of c2 = m2 from
source/set c3 = m3. (Cf. cpacu.)
mupli [mup] x1 is an example/sample/specimen/instance/case/illustration
of common property(s) x2 of set x3. (See also
cmavo list mu’u, pixra.)
murse x1 is the [astronomical]
twilight/dawn/dusk/half-light/glimmering
of day x2 at location x3. (Morning twilight,
dawn (= cermurse); evening twilight, dusk (=
vacmurse). See also cerni, kandi, vanci.)
murta [mur mu’a] x1 is a curtain/blinds/drapes for covering/obscuring
aperture x2, and made of material x3. (See also
canko, vorme.)
106na’a nacnilbra
muslo [mus] x1 pertains to the Islamic/Moslem/Koranic [Quranic] culture/religion/nation in aspect x2. (Also Muslim.
See also jegvo, lijda.)
mustlei x1 is a weasel of species/variety x2. (Cf.
mabrnfuru, ermine.)
mutce [tce] x1 is much/extreme in property
x2 (ka), towards x3 extreme/direction; x1 is, in
x2, very x3. (Also very, pretty, a lot, immoderate/immoderately, intense, quite, extremely. See
also milxe, traji, banli, carmi, nutli, traji.)
mutmi’i mi1 = mu1 is an algorithm for
use/function mu2.
mutpapri p1 = m1 is a web page containing
hyperlinks in website / collection of hyperlinking
documents p2. (Cf. mucti, papri, samci’ejudri. Not
tied specifically to the HTTP or other communications protocol.)
muvdu [muv mu’u] x1 (object) moves to destination/receiver x2 [away] from origin x3 over
path/route x4. (Also mobile (= comymu’u, for
the non-specific opposite of immobile); after a muvdu, object is alienated from/no longer at origin (unless physically returned there, per litru
or slilu); agentive move (= muvgau, muvzu’e),
non-agentive transitive move (= muvri’a), selfpropelled (= sezmuvgau), motion of a part of
the object (= pagmu’u), having a moving part
(= muvypau, muvyselpau); apparent motion (=
mlumu’u). (cf. rinci, klama (which differs in that
the means of motion is explicit), litru, cliva, fatri;
dunda, benji for agentive movement that does not
necessarily imply alienation from origin, preja for
similar movement with no agent implied, bevri,
vimcu))
muvgau g1 moves m1 to destination m2 from
origin m3 over path/route m4. (c.f. muvdu,
ca’ermuvgau.
)
muzga [muz] x1 is a museum for preserving
[and possibly exhibiting] x2 at location x3. (See
also citri.)
mu [mum] [PA1] digit/number: 5 (digit)
[five].
my [BY2] letteral for m.
na’acto x1 is x2 centuries in duration by standard x3. (nanca xecto; the default x2 is 1)
na’arkagnoi n1 is the annual report of company/corporation/organization k1. (Cf. nanca,
kagni, notci, kagyselpo’e, kagyseldejni, prali.)
na’a [BY1] cancel all letteral shifts.
na’ebo [NAhE+BO] negation sumti qualifier:
something other than. (Cf. na’e, bo, je’abo, no’ebo,
to’ebo.)
na’efa’a [FAhA*] space direction: not towards specified point, contrary negation; direction
modal.
na’epu’i [CAhA*] modal aspect: has never, and
perhaps cannot; other-than-demonstrated-ability.
na’e [nal] [NAhE] contrary scalar negator:
other than ...; not ...; a scale or set is implied.
na’itsi x1 is a samara of x2 for producing offspring x3. (see also a’orne, ulmu)
na’i [UI3a] discursive: metalinguistic negator.
(See also naldra, nalmapti.)
na’onai [TAhE*] tense interval modifier: atypically; subjective tense/modal; defaults as time
tense.
na’o [TAhE] tense interval modifier: characteristically/typically; tense/modal; defaults as time
tense.
na’u [NAhU] convert selbri to mex operator;
used to create less-used operators using le’avla, lujvo, etc.
na.a [A*] logical connective: sumti afterthought conditional/only if.
nabmi [nam] x1 (event/state) is a problem
to/encountered by x2 in situation/task/inquiry
x3. (Also: x1 requires consideration by x2. See also
preti, danfu, ciksi, jijnu, jinvi, nandu, pensi, sidbo,
spuda.)
nabypalne n1 = p1 is a
pizza/pie/sandwich/taco/burrito/pirozhki
with topping/ingredients p2 and bread of type
n2 = p3. (Cf. snuji, pitnanba, iptsa, cidjrpitsa,
titnanba.)
nabysko x1 is a quantity of noodles.
nabyspi s1 is a crumb of bread n1 made from
grains n2. (Cf. nanba, spisa.)
nabzba z1 bakes bread/cake/pastry z2 = n1
from ingredients z3.
nacle’u l1 is a numeral in system l2 representing
l3=n1. (If not specified l2 defaults to the Arabic
numerals in Western scripts.)
nacmei x1 is a vector of dimension x2 with coordinates x3, x4, x5, ... (See also relnacmei, cibnacmei, pinynacmei, rajnacmei, nacmemsu’a)
nacnilbra x1 is the absolute value/norm of x2.
(See also cu’a)
107nakspe nalra’u
nacpoiba’u b1 counts numbers n1 = p1 out
aloud.
nadycai c1 = n1 is a big problem/crisis for n2
in situation/task/inquiry n3. (Cf. nabmi, carmi.)
nafselte’i x1 is an exception/the only one without property x2 among x3 (See also natfe, selte’i,
steci)
nagi’a [GIhA*] logical connective: bridi-tail afterthought conditional/only if.
nago’i [GOhA*] selbri: repeats preceding bridi
while denying it as false; pro-assign values are unchanged.
naijgi j1 = n2 is a patriot of nation n1. (Cf.
natmi, jgira, natpa’i.)
naizgi z1 is folk music performed at/by z2
(event), originating in group of people n2.
(Cf. natmi, zgike, nolzgi, sopselneizgi, dja’aza,
te’ekno.)
nai [NAI] attached to cmavo to negate them;
various negation-related meanings.
naja [JA*] logical connective: tanru-internal afterthought conditional/only if.
najgenja g1 is a carrot of variety g2. (Cf. gejrdauko, stagi, spati.)
najnimre x1 is an orange of variety x2. (see also
nimre, pelnimre, branimre, ri’ornimre, skorbuti,
narju)
najycutcpi ci1 = cu2 is an American robin of
variety ci2 (Turdus migratorius. This is not the European robin.)
nakcinse c1 is androphilous/bisexual/straight
female/gay male in situation c2 by standard c4.
(This word is only about sexual interest in males;
other sexuals interest are irrelevant. See also
fetcinse, naknakcinse, mitcinse, dutcinse.)
naknakcinse c1 = f1 is male and androphilous/gay/bisexual in situation c2 by standard c4 (This word is about male homosexuality and bisexuality. See also nakcinse, fetfetcinse,
mitcinse, relcinse.)
naknalspe f1 = n1 is an unmarried man under
law/custom/tradition s3. (Cf. nalspe, naknalspe,
specfari’i, bavyspe, pruspe.)
nakni [nak] x1 is a male/buck of species x2
evidencing masculine trait(s) x3 (ka); x1 is masculine. (See also fetsi, bersa.)
nakpinji p1 is a/the penis of p2 = n1. (Cf. fetpinji, pinji.)
naksmifetsi’o si1 is feminism, the idea that
females and males are alike in quality sm3, as
thought by si2.
nakspe x1 is a husband of x2 (spouse) according
to marriage law/custom/tradition x3.
nakybakni n1 = b1 is a bull/steer/ox/male
bovine of species/breed n2 = b2. (nakni+bakni)
nakydzetru t1 is a patriarch of people/territory/domain/subjects t2. (Cf. fetydzetru.)
nalbolbi’o bi1 unrolls under condition bi3. (Cf.
na’e, bolci, binxo.)
nalbro b1 = n1 is gentile.
nalceikri k1 is an atheist. (Cf. ceikri, seljda,
ceirsenpi.)
nalci’i x1 is uninteresting to x2. (See also
a’ucu’i)
nalci’o x1 is senior/older/other than young by
standard x2. (na’e citno; see also makcu, tolci’o)
nalci [na’i] x1 is a/the wing [body-part] of
x2; [metaphor: lateral supporting surface]. (See
also cipni, pimlu, rebla.)
nalcre c1 is lay (non-professional) in
event/activity c2 by standard c3. (Cf. certu.)
nalcti c1 abstains from eating c2; c1 fasts. (Cf.
citka.)
naldjica x1 does not want/desire x2
(event/state) for purpose x3. (Cf. na’e, djica)
nalfadni f1 [member] is uncommon/atypical/unusual in property f2 (ka)
among members of f3 (set). (Cf. na’e, fadni, rirci.)
nalgundei x1 = d1 is a period of x2 = d2 nonworking days/vacation days/holidays for worker
x3 = g1 at job x4 = g2 (Removed djedi3 as being
unneeded. )
nalju’i x1 is inattentive towards/distracted/inadvertent of object/affair
x2. (See also a’acu’i)
naljundi j1 is inattentive towards/distracted
from object/affair j2. (Cf. na’e, jundi.)
nalmo’i m1 forgets fact/memory m2 about subject m3. (Cf. na’e, morji, tolmo’i. Assumes that
morji refers to a state i.e. ’remember’= ’retain in
memory’.)
nalmu’o x1 is incomplete/unfinished in property x2 by standard x3 . (See also uonai)
nalpro p1 gives consent/agreement/sanction to
p2 (person/force ind./mass) about p3 (abstract).
(Cf. na’e, fapro, tugni, ie, e’a.)
nalra’ugei g1 = r2 is tranquil/happy about g2 =
r1. (Cf. na’e, raktu, gleki, mansygei, camgei.)
nalra’u r1 leaves r2 alone/in peace. (Cf. raktu.)
108nandu nargrkaria
nalre’ucti c1 does not eat meat c2 = r1; c1 is a
vegetarian.
nalri’i r1 (NU) is casual, not formal/ceremonial.
(Cf. surla, xalbo, kalsa, cunso.)
nalselci’i x1 = c2 is uninterested in x2 = c1. (Cf.
cinri, selci’i, norselci’i, tolselci’i, a’ucu’i.)
nalseljukpa j2 is uncooked/raw. (Cf. na’e,
jukpa.)
nalselna’i x1 is wingless/has no wings.
nalselnalci x1 is wingless/has no wings. (Cf.
nalci, cipni)
nalselra’u r2 is calm/untroubled about r1 with
result r3. (Cf. na’e, raktu, nalra’ugei.)
nalspe f1 = n1 is unmarried under
law/custom/tradition s3. (Cf. fetnalspe, naknalspe, specfari’i, bavyspe, pruspe.)
nalstace s1 is dishonest/disingenuous to s2
about s3. (Cf. stace, tcica.)
nalsti s1 (agent) is relentless/unceasing in activity/process/state s2.
nalta’acni c1 = t1 is withdrawn, feeling emotion c2 about c3 = t3 from t2. (Cf. na’e, tavla,
cinmo.)
nalxe’u x1 is unrepentant of x2. (See also
nalzungi, u’ucu’i)
nalzungi x1 is unremorseful of x2. (See also
nalxe’u, u’unai)
nalzva x1 is absent from x2.
namcrgogolo x1 is a googol [10
100
] of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default units).
namcrgogolplexu x1 is a googolplex [10
googol
]
of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default units).
namcu [nac na’u] x1 (li) is a number/quantifier/digit/value/figure (noun); refers
to the value and not the symbol. (See also lerfu,
mekso, klani.)
namkei x1 = k1 = n2 [agent] tries to solve
puzzle/enigma/riddle/charade x2 = k2 = n1 in
game/contest x3 = n3
nanba [nab] x1 is a quantity of/contains
bread [leavened or unleavened] made from grains
x2. (See also gurni, panlo, toknu.)
nanbe’o x1 reflects Central American culture/nationality/geography in aspect x2. (From
snanu, bemro.)
nanbrmatsa x1 is a matzo made from grain x2.
(see fomcau, nanba, fomymledi)
nanca [na’a] x1 is x2 years in duration (default is 1 year) by standard x3; (adjective:) x1
is annual. (This year (= cabna’a); next year (=
bavlamna’a); last year (= prulamna’a). See also detri, djedi, jeftu, masti.)
nandu [nad] x1 is difficult/hard/challenging
for x2 under conditions x3; x1 challenges (nonagentive) x2. (See also frili, nabmi, jdari, talsa,
tinsa.)
nanfi’oglibau x1 is the South African English
language used by x2 to express/communicate x3
(si’o/du’u, not quote). (Cf. snanu, friko, glico,
bangu, glibau, bangenugu.)
nanfi’ogu’e x1 is South Africa. (Cf. snanu,
friko, gugde, gugdezu’a.)
nanla x1 is a boy/lad [young male person] of
age x2 immature by standard x3. (Word dispreferred in metaphor/example as sexist; (use verba).
See also nixli, verba, nanmu, bersa.)
nanl Master (Cf. nanla, nix, naun, nim.)
nanmu [nau] x1 is a man/men; x1 is a male
humanoid person [not necessarily adult]. (Word
dispreferred in metaphor/example as sexist; (use
remna or prenu). See also ninmu, remna, prenu,
makcu, nanla, bersa.)
nansicnansnanu x1 is south by west of x2 in
reference frame x3.
nanslovo x1 is South Slavic/Yugoslavian in aspect x2. (South Slavic if the aspect is language,
else Yugoslavian; see also slovino, bolgaro, slovo,
serbo (experimental))
nanstici x1 is southwest of x2 in frame of reference x3.
nanstuna x1 is southeast of x2 in frame of reference x3.
nansunsunsnanu x1 is southeast by east of x2
in frame of reference x3.
nanvi [nav] x1 is a billionth/thousandmillionth [10
9
] of x2 in dimension/aspect x3
(default is units). (See also grake, mitre, snidu,
stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo, gradu, litce,
merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo, gocti, gotro,
kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, petso, picti, terto, xatsi,
xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro)
narge [nag] x1 is a nut [body-part: hardshelled fruit] from plant/species x2 with shell x3
and kernel x4. (Also x4 nucleus, center (= velnarge
for place reordering). See also grute, stagi, jbari,
midju.)
nargile x1 is a nargileh/hookah for smoking x2.
nargrkaju x1 is a cashew of species x2.
nargrkaria x1 is pecan/hickory of
species/variety x2.
109
na nelrai
nargrpistaco x1 is a pistachio of species x2.
narjista’u x1 is dirty laundry worn by x2 for
purpose x3, dirty with x4.
narju [naj] x1 is orange [color adjective]. (See
also skari, blabi, xekri, kandi, carmi, xunre, pelxu,
solji.)
narpanra p1 is unique/unequaled/unparalleled/unmatched
/ the only one of its kind.
naru’e [NA*] weak bridi negation; almost, but
not quite.
natfe [naf na’e] x1 (du’u) contradicts/denies/refutes/negates x2 (du’u) under
rules/logic x3. (Also exception (= nafmupli);
agentive contradict/deny (= nafxu’a or tolxu’a).
See also nibli, tugni, zanru, xusra.)
natmi [nat nai] x1 is a nation/ethnic group
of peoples x2; [people sharing a history/culture].
(See also jecta, kulnu, lanzu, gugde, bangu,
cecmu.)
natpa’i p1 loves/feels strong affectionate devotion towards the nation/ethnic group n2; p1 is
a patriot/nationalist. (Cf. natmi, prami, natpamtrusi’o, naijgi.)
natpamtrusi’o s1 is a nationalist political ideology as applied by t1 = p1 among/in people/territory/domain t2 based on the works of
thinker s3 (From natmi, prami, turni, sidbo.
Cf. natpa’i, trudjigri, ka’irtrusi’o, dzejdasratrusi’o, vricykricrutrusi’o, fairpaltrusi’o, guntrusi’o, tsarainaitrusi’o.)
naun Mr./Mister (Cf. nanmu, nix, nanl, nim.)
nau [CUhE] tense: refers to current space/time
reference absolutely.
navni x1 is a quantity of/contains/is
made of inert gas of type x2
[neon/argon/radon/xenon/krypton]. (Default
neon. See also xukmi, gapci.)
navytre m1 = n1 is m2 = n2 nanometer(s) /
billionth(s) of a meter [metric unit] in length (default 1) measured in direction m3 = n3 by standard x4 = m3. (See also centre. Made from nanvi
+ mitre.)
navzmi z1 is a nanobot performing function z2
under conditions z3.
naxle [nax xle] x1 is a canal/channel to x2
from x3 with route x4. (x2/x3 may be unordered.
See also pluta, rirxe, klaji, dargu.)
nazbi [naz zbi] x1 is the nose [body-part] of
x2 with nostril(s)/nasal passage(s) x3; [metaphor:
protrusion]. (Also (adjective:) nasal. See also
degji, panci, sumne, tance.)
na [nar] [NA] bridi contradictory negator;
scope is an entire bridi; logically negates in some
cmavo compounds.
ne’a [FAhA3] location tense relation/direction;
approximating/next to ...
ne’i [FAhA3] location tense relation/direction;
within/inside of/into ...
ne’o [VUhU3] unary mathematical operator:
factorial; a!.
ne’u [FAhA1] location tense relation/direction;
south of.
nebdadycreka cr1 = d1 is a halter top of
material cr2. (A subtype of ”tube top” (jancaucreka), with a single strap around the back of the
neck. Suggested shortest fu’ivla form: ebdrka. Cf.
creka.)
nebgunse x1 is a swan (genus Cygnus) of
species/strain x2
nebjendu j1 is the axis (cervical vertebra) of c2
nebnipcreka cr1 = s1 is a polo-neck garment
of material cr2. (Usually a sweater (nivycreka),
with a close-fitting, round, and high collar that
folds over and covers the neck. Suggested shortest fu’ivla form: epcrka. Cf. creka.)
nebyka’a k1 is a guillotine/executioner’s axe
for beheading k2.
nebyplovoicpi ci1 = cn2 = v1 is a
heron/egret/bittern of species ci2 (Members of
family Ardeidae are noted for flying with their
necks folded.)
nebysrijge j1 is a necktie made of material d2
worn by c2. (Cf. dadne’ota’u.)
nederland Holland/The Netherlands.
neizma x1 = n1 = z1 likes x3 = n2 more than
x2 = z2 does, by margin x4 = z4. (Contrast with
zmanei for ”prefer”.)
nei [GOhA] pro-bridi: repeats the current bridi.
nejni [nen] x1 is energy of type x2 in form
x3. (Ray/beam (= nenli’i). See also marji, tarmi,
kantu, lazni, livla.)
nelci [nel nei] x1 is fond of/likes/has a
taste for x2 (object/state). (See also cinmo, djica,
pluka, prami, rigni, sinma, trina, xebni, cuxna,
pendo.)
nelrai n1 is most fond of n2 = t1 (object/state)
from set t4, due to extreme t3 (ka; default ka
zmadu). (Cf. nelci, traji, plicu’a. Also: n1
likes/prefers n2 = t1 the most out of set t4. )
110nibli nimbau
nelti’i s1 = n1 recommends s2 = n2 to audience
s3. (Cf. stidi.)
nenri [ner ne’i] x1 is in/inside/within x2;
x1 is on the inside/interior of x2 [totally within the
bounds of x2]. (Indicates total containment. (cf.
se vasru (for containment that need not be total),
jbini, zvati, cpana, sruri, senta, snuji, bartu, diklo,
jibni, jinru, setca))
nerbei x1 imports x2 to x3 from x4 via x5 .
nercreka c1 is a singlet/undershirt/vest of material c2.
nerfopi x1 is a lobster of species x2. (Cf. xasyjukni, cakyjukni. From linnaean Nephropidae.)
nerkalri x1 is an entrance/entry/entryway/inlet/way in to x2
for x3 . (See also nerkla)
nerklaji k1 = n1 is a hallway / indoor street
within k2 = n2 accessing k3. (Made from nenri
+ klaji.)
nerkla n1 = k1 enters n2 = k2 from origin k3 via
route k4 using means/vehicle k5.
nerta’u x1=t1=n1 is underwear, worn by/on
x2=t2, for purpose x3=t3, worn under x4=n2
ne [GOI] non-restrictive relative phrase
marker: which incidentally is associated with
...
ni’ablo x1 is a submarine for carrying x2, propelled by x3. (Cf. cnita, bloti, beiblo, preblo, jamblo, bratcejamblo, brajamblo, cmajamblo, badjamblo, vijblo.)
ni’a [FAhA2] location tense relation/direction;
downwards/down from ...
ni’e [NIhE] convert selbri to mex operand; used
to create new non-numerical quantifiers; e.g.
”herd” of oxen.
ni’i ma [BAI*] sumti question asking for a logical proof; why?.
ni’inai [BAI*] nibli modal, 1st place despite
logic ...
ni’i [BAI] nibli modal, 1st place logically; logically because ...
ni’o [NIhO] discursive: paragraph break; introduce new topic.
ni’u zei ionti x1 is an anion of radical/(atom of
element)x2 with x3 charges. (Cf. ionti, ma’u zei
ionti, lektoni, xumsle.)
ni’u [PA3] digit/number: minus sign; negative
number); default any negative.
nibji’i j1 concludes that n1 (du’u) logically implies n2 under rules n3. (Cf. nibli, jinvi, lojycpa,
ja’o.)
nibli [nib ni’i] x1 logically necessitates/entails/implies action/event/state x2
under rules/logic system x3. (See also natfe,
rinka, mukti, krinu, cmavo list ni’i, jalge, logji.)
nibyti’i x1 = n1 (idea/fact/du’u) suggests/intimates that x2 = n2 = s2
(idea/fact/du’u) is true as it appears to x3 = s3
(From nibli stidi. Unlike stidi, it refers to person’s
internal logical reasoning about facts, not external
suggestion.)
nicte [cte] x1 is a nighttime of day x2 at location x3; (adjective:) x1 is at night/nocturnal.
(Tonight (= cabycte); tomorrow night (= bavlamcte, even when tonight is still in the future); last
night (= prulamcte). See also donri, djedi, tcika.)
nicygau g1 (agent) tidies/cleans
up/neatens/straightens c1 in property/quantity
c2 (ka/ni). (Cf. cnici, gasnu, ganzu)
niengatu x1 is Nheengatu/Tupi/Lingua Geral
in aspect x2. (see also brazo, abniena)
nikle [nik] x1 is made of/contains/is a quantity of nickel/other metal resistant to oxidation.
(See also jinme.)
nilbra x1 is the size of x2 in property/dimension
x3 on scale x4.
nilce [ni’e] x1 [furniture items] furnishes x2
[location] serving purpose/function x3. (See also
ckana, jubme, sfofa, stizu, dacru.)
nilcla n1 is the length of c1 in dimension c2 measured on scale n3 = c3. (Cf. cisni, clani.)
nilgla n1 is the temperature of g1 measured on
scale n2. (Cf. glare, lenku, kelvo.)
nilji’a n1 is a number of points / score / indication of an attempt to win a competition won by j1
over opponent(s) j3 in competition j4, points measured on scale n2. (n2 moved to the end due to
apparent uselessness. Made from ni and jinga.)
nilnalci’o ni1 is the age [elapsed duration] of c1
by standard c2
nilsutra n1 is the speed / amount of fast-ness
measured on scale n2 of thing / agent s1 in / at
doing / being / bringing about s2 (event / state).
(Cf. ni, sutra, kamsutra.)
nilxa’ugri n1 (number) is the population of inhabitant group g1 in area x2 measured on scale n2.
(Cf. xabju, cecmu, tcadu, jarbu, nurma.)
nimbau b1 is Laadan. (A constructed language ´
by Suzette Haden Elgin)
111nitkla nobli
nimfaia x1 is a water-lily (Nymphaea) of
species/strain x2
nimre x1 is a quantity of citrus [fruit/tree, etc.]
of species/strain x2. (See also grute, slari, slami,
xukmi.)
nimryjdu j1 is a quantity of citrus jelly made
from n1. (Cf. nimre, jduli.)
nim Ms. (Cf. ninmu, nix, nanl, naun.)
nincu’upre p1 is an intrepreneur involved in
business cu1 = cn1 (from cnino cuntu prenu c.f.
cu’upre nincu’u)
nincu’u cu1 = cn1 is a new business involving
persons cu2 (from cnino cuntu c.f. nincu’upre)
ninga’igau gas1 resets/changes gal1 to a new
value/content. (Cf. cnino, galfi, gasnu,
kraga’igau.)
ninmu [nim ni’u] x1 is a woman/women;
x1 is a female humanoid person [not necessarily
adult]. (Word dispreferred in metaphor/example
as sexist; (use remna or prenu). See also nanmu,
remna, prenu, makcu, nixli.)
ninpre c1 = p1 is a stranger to c2 in aspect c3 by
standard c4 (since ninpre in the sense of ”novice”
seems to be deprecated in favor of nintadni, this
seems to be a better definition.)
nintadni c2 = t1 is a beginner in subject c1 = t2
by standard c4
ninyna’adetri d1 is New Year’s Day of d2 =
n1 = c1 at location d3 in calendar d4. (Cf.
ninyna’anunsla.)
ninyna’anunsla nu1 is the celebration of the
New Year as celebrated by s1 at the beginning of
year na1 = c1 according to standard na3; nu1 is
the New Year. (Cf. ninyna’adetri.)
nipmapku m1 = s1 is a beanie hat of material
m2. (Cf. mapku.)
nipsri d1 = s1 is an adhesive
tape/cellotape/Scotch Tape/duct tape of material d2, which sticks to s2. (Cf. bofsnipa.)
nipypalku p1 = s1 is a legging of material p2.
(Cf. palku.)
nircadyxu’i xu1 is an instance of anesthetic
blocking impulses from nerve group/system n1 =
c1 of n2. (Cf. nirna, xukmi, cortu, ganse.)
nirna [nir] x1 is a nerve/neuron [body-part]
of x2; [metaphor: information/control network
connection]. (Also (adjective:) x1 is neural. See
also ve benji.)
nitcu [tcu] x1 needs/requires/is dependent
on/[wants] necessity x2 for purpose/action/stage
of process x3. (No implication of lack. See also
banzu, cidja, claxu, pindi, xebni, sarcu, lacri, djica,
taske, xagji.)
nitkla k1 descends/goes down to k2 = c1 from
k3 = c2 via k4 using means k5. (Cf. cnita, klama.)
nitmau z1 = c1 is lower than z2 beneath c2 in
frame of reference c3 by amount/excess z4. (Cf.
cnita, zmadu, nitrai.)
nitrai t1 = c1 is the lowest among set/range t4
beneath c2 in frame of reference c3. (Cf. cnita, traji,
nitmau.)
nitsalpo s1 dips at an angle of s2 to reference
frame s3, to beneath c2. (Cf. cnita, salpo, sa’orgau.)
nitytse z1 sits on surface z2 = c1 that is below c2
in frame of refernce c3. (Cf. cnita, zutse, cfatse.)
niutni g1 is g2 newton (s) of force (default
is 1) by standard g3. (Cf. klanrniut,ni,
ki’orgratretrefrinynidysnidu.)
nivji [niv] x1 (agent) knits x2 [cloth/object]
from yarn/thread x3. (See also cilta, fenso, jivbu,
pijne.)
nivycreka c1 = n2 is a sweater of material
c2 = n3. (A knitted jacket or jersey, usually of thick
wool. Cf. creka, tafrkardiga.)
nixli [nix xli] x1 is a girl [young female person] of age x2 immature by standard x3. (Word
dispreferred in metaphor/example as sexist; (use
verba). See also nanla, verba, ninmu.)
nix Miss (Cf. nixli, nanl, naun, nim.)
ni [nil] [NU] abstractor: quantity/amount
abstractor; x1 is quantity/amount of [bridi] measured on scale x2.
no’a [GOhA] pro-bridi: repeats the bridi in
which this one is embedded.
no’ebo [NAhE+BO ] negation sumti qualifier:
the neutral form/value of. (Cf. no’e, bo, na’ebo,
je’abo, to’ebo. Midpoint between je’abo and
to’ebo.)
no’e [nor no’e] [NAhE] midpoint scalar
negator: neutral point between je’a and to’e; ”not
really”.
no’i [NIhO] discursive: paragraph break; resume previous topic.
no’o [PA5] digit/number: typical/average
value.
no’u [GOI] non-restrictive appositive phrase
marker: which incidentally is the same thing as ...
nobli [nol no’i] x1 is
noble/aristocratic/elite/high-born/titled
in/under culture/society/standard x2. (Also
112noltroni’u normano
upper-class; high/low, upper/lower are poor
Lojban metaphors; note x2 standard applies when
the title/nobility is not recognized culture/society
wide; this would include self-assumed titles. See
also banli.)
noda [KOhA*] logically quantified sumti: nothing at all (unless restricted).
noisku c1 announces/proclaims c2
(sedu’u/text/lu’e concept) for audience c3 = n4
via expressive medium c4. (Cf. notci, cusku.)
noi [NOI] non-restrictive relative clause; attaches subordinate bridi with incidental information.
nolba’i b1 = n1 is titled with high aristocratic/noble/elite status in/under culture/society
b3 = n2. (Cf. nobli, banli, kamba’i. ’Your Highness’ or ’Your Majesty’ is doi nolba’i).)
nolboi x1 is an orb made of b2 used by n1. (Cf.
nobli, bolci, nolga’a, trumapku.)
nolga’a g1 is a sceptre made of g2 used by n1.
(Cf. nobli, grana, nolboi, ri’irga’a, trumapku.)
noljedai x1 is a Jedi of power / level / rank x2
nolkansa k1 is a courtier to
sovereign/aristocrat/noble k2 in culture/country
n2 = k3. (Cf. nobli, kansa, nolse’u, nolraitru,
noltronau, noltruni’u, balnoltru.)
nolmapku m1 is a crown made of m2. (Cf. nobli,
mapku, trumapku, nolboi, nolga’a.)
nolmle m1 = n1 is elegant to m2 = n2. (Cf.
melbi.)
nolnaum Sir (Cf. nobli, nanmu, nol, nolnim.)
nolni’u ni1 = no1 is a lady, considered noble in
culture/society/standard no2. (Cf. nobli.)
nolnim Madam (Cf. nobli, ninmu, nol, nolnaum.)
nolraitru t1 = n1 is a regent/monarch
of t2 by standard n2. (Cf. nobli, traji,
turni, balnoltru, noltruni’u, noltrunau, noltroni’u,
noltronau, nolse’u, nolkansa, gugja’a, truralju.)
nolse’u s1 is a servant of
sovereign/aristocrat/noble s2 = n1 in culture/country n2 with responsibilities s3. (Cf.
nobli, selfu, nolkansa, nolraitru, balnoltru.)
nolstizu s1 is a throne/ceremonial chair used
by noble/aristocratic/elite/high-born/titled
in/under culture/society/standard n2. (Cf. nobli,
stizu, trustizu.)
noltronau ni1 = j1 = no1 is a
Duke/Baron/Count/Earl/Marquess/ [titled
noble of middle rank] ruling j2 under culture/standard no2. (Cf. nobli, jitro, nanmu,
noltroni’u, noltruni’u, nolraitru, balnoltru.)
noltroni’u ni1 = j1 = no1 is a
Duchess/Baroness/Countess/Marchioness/
[titled noble of middle rank] ruling j2 under
culture/standard no2.. (Cf. nobli, jitro, ninmu,
noltronau, noltruni’u, nolraitru, balnoltru.)
noltrunau x1 is the king of x2 by standard x3.
(see also noltruni’u, nolraitru)
noltruni’u x1 is the queen of x2 by standard x3.
(see also noltrunau, nolraitru)
nolzda z1 is a palace of/for noble person(s) n1 =
z2. (Cf. badydi’u.)
nolzgi z1 = n1 the classical music performed
at/by z2 (event) originating in culture n1. (Cf.
nobli, zgike, dzeklu, ronri’izgi, naizgi, sopselneizgi, dja’aza, te’ekno.)
nol Sir/Madam (Cf. nobli, nilnim, nolnaum.)
nomo’o [MAI*] discursive utterance ordinal:
zeroth section/chapter ordinal; foreword.
nondei x1 is a Sunday of week x2 in calendar x3.
(Sunday is either day seven or day zero, depending on your perspective.)
nonjdi x1 is undecided/makes no decision
about x2. (See also aicu’i)
nonkansa x1 is alone/lonely/lonesome in
state/condition/enterprise x2. (Cf. kansa, seicni.)
nonselcei c2 disbelieves in god/deity c1 with
dominion over c3; c2 is an atheist. (Cf. cevni,
ceikri, nalceikri, selcei, pavyselcei, sorselcei,
ceirsenpi.)
nonseldi’a x1 is available for free/without cost
to x2 from provider x3.
nonselji’u x1 is invisible from point-of-view x2.
nonseljmi j2 (du’u) is a mystery for j1, the subject being j3. (Cf. jimpe, mipri.)
nonselsmu x1 is nonsense/nonsensical to x2.
(See also no smuni)
nonselsumji x1 is the additive inverse of x2.
(See also va’a)
norcpa c1 neither gets c2 from c3 nor puts c2 at
c3 (see also tolcpa)
noreg Norway.
4 norgo x1 reflects Norwegian culture/nationality in aspect x2 (Experimental
gismu.)
normano x1 reflects Norman culture/nationality/language in aspect x2.
113nu’o nunflapai
noroi [ROI*] tense interval modifier: never; objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense.
norpa’a x1 is indifferent/neutral/apathetic
about event x2, expected likelihood x3. (Cf. no’e,
pacna, tolpa’a, norzau.)
norpa’i x1 is indifferent/apathetic/dispassionate/uninvolved/unmoved
towards/with/by x2. (See also iunai)
norselci’i x1 = c2 is disinterested in x2 = c1.
(Cf. cinri, selci’i, nalselci’i, tolselci’i, a’ucu’i.)
norvaismu s1 = v1 is an interpretation of s2
recognized by s3 but judged unimportant by v2.
(no’e+vajni+smuni)
norzau x1 is indifferent towards x2. (Cf. no’e,
zanru, norpa’a.)
notci’a c1 notes down c2 on display/storage
medium c3 with writing implement c4. (Cf. notci,
ciska, selmojnoi.)
notci [not noi] x1 is a message/notice/memorandum about subject x2
from author x3 to intended audience x4. (Emphasis on brevity, single or identifiable subject
(contrast with xatra: the emphasis in notci is on
the single or cohesively focused subject, while
the audience is less defined - indeed only an
’intended’ audience. xatra need not have a single
or focussed subject - its corresponding place is for
’content’); reminder/memo/note (= mojnoi). See
also xatra, nuzba, mrilu, morji.)
notsku c1 announces/proclaims c2
(sedu’u/text/lu’e concept) for audience c3 = n4
via expressive medium c4. (Cf. notci, cusku.)
no [non] [PA1] digit/number: 0 (digit)
[zero].
nu’a [NUhA] convert mathematical expression
(mex) operator to a selbri/tanru component.
nu’ecu’i [COI*] vocative: promise - promise release - un-promise.
nu’enai [COI*] vocative: promise - promise release - un-promise.
nu’e [COI] vocative: promise - promise release
- un-promise.
nu’i [NUhI] start forethought termset construct;
marks start of place structure set with logical connection.
nu’ogle g1 is virgin/sexually inexperienced
nu’ospe x1=s1 is single (never been married)
by law/convention x2=s3 (See also: speni, spesti,
mrospe, spenu’e)
nu’o [nu’o] [CAhA] modal aspect: can but
has not; unrealized potential.
nu’u [NUhU] elidable terminator: end forethought termset; usually elidable except with following sumti.
nu,IORK New York
nukni [nuk] x1 is magenta/fuchsia/purplishred [color adjective]. (See also skari, blabi, xekri,
kandi, carmi, xunre, zirpu.)
nunbebna n1 is an event of b1 being foolish/silly/stupid in event/action /property (ka)
b2. (Cf. nu, bebna, kambebna.)
nuncasnu n1 is a conversation involving c1(s)
(mass normally, but 1 individual/jo’u possible)
about topic/subject c2. (Cf. nu, casnu.)
nuncatra n1 is the killing by c1 of c2 by action/method c3. (Cf. nu, catra.)
nunci’o n1 is the youth of c1. (Cf. nu, citno.)
nuncne x1 = n1 is a change in property/quantity x2 = c2 (ka/ni) of amount/degree
x3 = c3 under conditions x4 = c4. (Cf. nu, cenba,
galfi, stika.)
nuncnici n1 is order (state of being well arranged) of c1 with orderliness c2. (Cf. cnici, kalsa,
ganzu.)
nuncti n1 is an event at which c1 eat(s) c2. (Cf.
nu, citka, sanmi, ctisla, balsai.)
nunda’a n1 is a fight/battle in which d1 fights
d2 over issue d3 (abstract). (Cf. nu, damba, nundamba, terjvi.)
nundamba n1 is a fight/battle in which d1 fights
d2 over issue d3 (abstract). (Cf. nu, damba,
nunda’a, terjvi.)
nundansu n1 is a dance with dancer(s) d1 (individual, mass) to music/rhythm d2. (Cf. dansu,
seldansu.)
nunde’a n1 is a pause by d1 for/until d2
at state d3 before starting/continuing d4 (activity/process). (Cf. nu, denpa.)
nundenpa n1 is a pause by d1 for/until d2
at state d3 before starting/continuing d4 (activity/process). (Cf. nu, denpa, nunde’a.)
nundunkrali n1 is the equality of rights k1 = d3
entitled to k2 = d1 = d2.
nunfirsku n1 is a facial expression (countenance) of agent f2 = c1 expressing f1 = c2. (Cf.
flira, cusku.)
nunflapai n1 is a trial of dispute j2 involving
people f3. (Cf. nu, pajni, tavla, fapro, nunpai, flapaizda. x3 includes not only the disputing parties
114nunseltickri nutli
but also the judge and juries, which may be connected with ”jo’u”. )
nunfusra n1 is the decay/fermentation (recycling of matter/energy/electrons) of f1 by chemical agent f2.
nunjacycrepu n1 is fishery (fish industry) of
product c2 (aquatic animals) from source/area
c3 = t1 (ocean/sea/coast/lake/river) by fishermen c1. (x2 can be any harvestable aquatic animals, including mollusks and crustaceans. Cf.
crepu.)
nunji’e n1 is the life of j1.
nunjmaji x1 is a gathering/meeting/assembly/conclave/conference/
congregation/congress/convention/encounter/gettogether/reunion of participants x2 at location x3
from locations x4. (Cf. nu, jmaji, jdijmaji, nunpe’i
for a meeting between two parties.)
nunjo’e n1 is an established connection between
j1 and j2 at common locus j3. (n1 or j1 may be a
mass formed with ”joi”, as is the case in a computer network between a server and clients. Cf.
jorne, srana.)
nunka’oku’i n1 is a condition of ku1 managing
the health of ka1. (Usually the prevention, treatment, and management of illness and the preservation of mental and physical well-being through
the services offered by the medical, nursing, and
allied health professions. x2 and x3 may the same
or different. Cf. kamnu’a.)
nunkei n1 is a game played by k1 playing with
plaything/toy k2 (Cf. nu, kelci, terjvi, ci’erkei.)
nunlerci n1 is the lateness of l1 (event) by standard l2. (Cf. nu, lerci.)
nunmi’a n1 is the laugh/laughter of/by c1
(from nu cmila)
nunmikce n1 is medical, involving doctor/nurse m1, patient m2, ailment m3, and
treatment/cure m4. (Cf. mikce, kurji, sidju.)
nunmro n1 is the death (state of being dead) of
m1 (person).
nunmu’i n1 is the event of m1 motivating action
m2 per volition m3.
nunpai n1 is a trial/judgement/arbitration
with judge/arbitrator/referee p1 determining/deciding matter p2. (Cf. nu, pajni, nunflapai,
flapaizda.)
nunpe’i x1 is a meeting between x2 and x3 at/in
location x4. (Cf. nu, penmi, nunjmaji, jdijmaji.)
nunseltickri x1 is a believe-deceived with
deceive-belief subject x2 with deception subject x3.
nunsezyfanta n1 is self-restraint shown by f1 =
s2 (from nu sevzi fanta c.f. sezyfanta)
nunsimbi’o n1 is an event of integration between s1 = b1
nunskezu’e n1 is engineering in branch s2
based on methodology s3 (from nu saske zukte)
nunspe n1 is the marriage of s1 and s2 according to tradition s3.
nuntoi n1 is the effort of t1 trying/attempting
to do/attain t2 (event/state/property) by actions/method t3 (from nu troci)
nuntumcrepu n1 is agriculture of product c2
from source/area c3 = t1 by farmers c1 (cf. tumla,
crepu, cange.)
nuntumdesku n1 is an earthquake at location
t2. (Cf. nu, tumla, desku.)
nunxumsne s1 is a trip/drug-induced hallucination about s2 due to chemical substance xu2
with purity xu3. (Cf. mrajymledi, ciksne.)
nunzi’e n1 is the freedom of z1 doing z2 under condition z3. (Cf. nu, zifre, kamyzi’e, selzi’e,
zi’ejva.)

nupre [nup nu’e] x1 (agent)
promises/commits/assures/threatens x2
(event/state) to x3 [beneficiary/victim]. (See
also kajde, xusra.)
nurbe’i b1 archives s1 = b2 in medium b5. (snura
benji; see also vreji, fukpi, citri, jmaji, sorcu, morji)
nurfu’i f1 is a backup / danger avoiding duplicate / copy of f2 = s1 in form / medium f3 made
by method f4 to protect / secure against event s2
(generally destruction or loss). (Made from snura
+ fukpi.)
nurma [num] x1 is a rural/rustic/pastoral area
of x2; x1 is in the country. (See also jarbu, rarna,
tcadu, cange.)
nurtoni x1 is a neutron in quantum state x2. (Cf.
lektoni, protoni, kuarka, xumsle.)
nurxru x1 saves/rescues/redeems/delivers
x2=s1 from threat/peril s2
nutli [nul nu’i] x1 is neutral/not taking sides/medial/not towards any extreme on
scale/in dissension x2. (Also x2 dispute/struggle
(though x2 is not limited to disagreements,
which is merely one manifestation of scalar or
distributed values in which there is a medial
position). See also midju, lanxe, milxe, mutce,
cmavo list no’e.)
115oiro’i pa’u
nuzba [nuz] x1 (du’u) is news/tidings/new
information about subject x2 from source x3, to observer x4. (See also cnino, notci.)
4 nuzlo x1 reflects New Zealand culture/nationality/geography/dialect in aspect
x2. (Cf. glico, sralo.)
nuznoi no1 is a news/press release with news
nu1 about subject nu2 = no2 issued by no3 for audience no4. (Cf. nuzba, notci.)
nu [nun] [NU] abstractor: generalized event abstractor; x1 is
state/process/achievement/activity of [bridi].
ny [BY2] letteral for n.
o’acu’i [UI*1] attitudinal: pride - modesty/humility - shame.
o’anai [UI*1] attitudinal: pride - modesty/humility - shame.
o’a [UI1] attitudinal: pride - modesty/humility
- shame. (See also jgira, cumla, ckeji.)
o’enai [UI*1] attitudinal: closeness - distance.
o’e [UI1] attitudinal: closeness - distance. (See
also cnijbi, cnikansa.)
o’inai [UI*1] attitudinal: caution - rashness.
o’i [UI1] attitudinal: caution - rashness. (See
also capyrivbi, capfanta, srerivbi, srefanta, naldarsi, seljde.)
o’ocu’i [UI*1] attitudinal: patience - mere tolerance - anger.
o’onai [UI*1] attitudinal: patience - mere tolerance - anger.
o’o [UI1] attitudinal: patience - mere tolerance
- anger. (See also fengu, to’ersteba, de’acni)
o’ucu’i [UI*1] attitudinal: relaxation - composure - stress.
o’unai [UI*1] attitudinal: relaxation - composure - stress.
o’u [UI1] attitudinal: relaxation - composure -
stress. (See also surla, cnilanxe, dunku.)
obu [BY*] letteral for o.
odbenu x1 is a walrus of breed x2. (Cf. mabru,
arktik, xamsi.)
odnata x1 is a dragonfly/damselfly (order
Odonata) of species x2. (Cf. ansoptera, zgoptera,
laxsfani, sfani, cinki.)
oinai [UI*1] attitudinal: complaint - pleasure.
oire’e [UI*1] attitudinal: spiritual/religious
complaint.
oiro’a [UI*1] attitudinal: social complaint.
oiro’e [UI*1] attitudinal: mental complaint
(puzzlement, excess mental work).
oiro’i [UI*1] attitudinal: emotional complaint.
oiro’o [UI*1] attitudinal: physical complaint.
oiro’u [UI*1] attitudinal: sexual complaint.
oi [UI1] attitudinal: complaint - pleasure. (See
also pante, pluka, kufra.)
oktopoda x1 is an octopus of species x2 (see also
tu’urbirka)
omso g1 is g2 ohm(s) of electrical
impedance/resistance (default is 1) by standard g3. (Cf. klanrxomi, xampo, klanrvolta,
klanrxuati, klanrzimenzi.)
onai [A*] logical connective: sumti afterthought exclusive or; Latin ’aut’.
orka x1 is an orca/killer whale (Orcinus orca) of
breed x2
orvanxi x1 is broomrape of species x2. (see also
rasykobli)
osakas Osaka.
osteraix Austria.
ostreda x1 is an oyster of species x2. (Cf.
cakcurnu.)
OTa,uas Ottawa
otan North-Atlantic Treaty Organization.
oxtapodi x1 is an octopus of species x2. (See
also tu’urbirka.)
o [A] logical connective: sumti afterthought
biconditional/iff/if-and-only-if.
pa’aku [BAI*] sumti: explicitly marks respective use as in ”THEY read THEIR (respective)
books”.
pa’arbau b1 is Esperanto. (Cf. pacna, bangu,
spe’ato, lojbo, runbau.)
pa’aseva’u [BAI*] among (with a share for
each)
pa’a [BAI] panra modal, 1st place (parallel;
shared property) similarly; in addition to ...
pa’enai [UI*3] discursive: justice - prejudice.
pa’e [UI3] discursive: justice - prejudice. (See
also tcinydracu’a, tcinydrapai, vudypai.)
pa’i [VUhU2] binary mathematical operator:
ratio; [the ratio of a to b].
pa’oxra pi1 is a cross section/tomogram, a picture of slice pa1=pi2 of pa2 made by pi3 in medium
pi4. (samterpli pa’oxra = CAT scan. There is
another kind of tomogram which may be better
termed tadmijyxra.)
pa’o [FAhA3] location tense relation/direction;
transfixing/passing through ...
pa’u [BAI] pagbu modal, 1st place having component ...
116pairkamni palta
pabi [PA*] number/quantity: 18 [eighteen].
paci [PA*] number/quantity: 13 [thirteen].
pacna [pa’a] x1 hopes/wishes for/desires x2
(event), expected likelihood x3 (0-1); x1 hopes that
x2 happens. (Also: x1 is hopeful of x2; x2 will
hopefully occur, as hoped for by x1; the value of
x3 is a subjective estimate of likeliness according to
x1, and is the basic determinant of whether pacna
means ’hope’ or ’wish’ or ’expect’: hoping for objects/states with negligible expectation is ”wishing”; if the state is plausibly likely, it is ”hoping”; when the probability is subjectively near 1,
the attitude is described as ”expecting”; the value
will usually be expressed using inexact numbers
(”li piso’u” to ”li piro”); wish (= sotpa’a), hope (=
sorpa’a), expect (= sojypa’a). See also djica.)
pacruxtutra t1 is the Hell of evil spirit(s) t2 =
pa1 = pr1, evil by standard pa2. (Cf. palci, pruxi,
ruxse’i, dapma, lijda)
pacyselzu’e x1 = z2 = p1 is a sin/evil
action by x2 = z1 for purpose/goal z3,
evil/depraved/wicked (morally bad) by standerd
x4 = p2. (Cf. jdazei, zekri.)
pacyxlu xl1 (agent) tempts xl2 into evil xl3 = p1
by influence/threat/lure xl4, said act being evil by
standard p2. (Cf. xlura, palci, jdazei.)
pacyzu’e z1 sins by doing z2 = p1 by standard
p2.
paf Dad (The rafsi for patfu used as a familar
name. See also mam, bes, tix, bun, mes.)
pagbu [pag pau] x1 is a
part/component/piece/portion/segment of
x2 [where x2 is a whole/mass]; x2 is partly x1.
(Partly (= selpau). See also cmavo list pa’u, mulno,
xadba, spisa, gunma, rafsi.)
pagre [gre] x1 passes through/penetrates
barrier/medium/portal x2 to destination side x3
from origin side x4. (Passing through in both directions (= rolfargre, pagre ... .i so’ivo’ivo’u (and
vice versa)). See also bitmu, denci, ganlo, kalri,
vorme, pluta, canko, ragve.)
pagyca’o p1 = c1 is a tab (navigational widget)
in p2 = c2. (x2 is usually a web browser or a text
editor. Cf. pagbu, canko.)
pagygu’e p1 = g1 is a constituent country of
p2 (sovereign state / supranational body). (Cf.
gugde, zifyje’a.)
paijdi j1 = p1 gives a verdict j2 (du’u) about
matter j3 = p2 (abstract). (Cf. pajni, jdice.)
pairkamni p1 = k1 is a jury/judging panel deciding matter p2 in court/judging body k3.
pairkamnycmi c1 is a member of jury/judging
panel c2 = p1 = k1 deciding matter p2 in
court/judging body k3.
pairnu’i x1 is fair/just/equitable/impartial/unprejudiced/unbiased
in judging/refereeing/arbitrating/determining/deciding
matter x2. (See also pajni, nutli, pa’e)
pairseljdi j2 is a verdict given by j1 = p1 about
matter j3 = p2 (abstract). (Cf. pajni, jdice.)
pairtruci’e c1 = t1 = p1 is the judicial branch of the government of people/territory/domain/subjects t2. (Cf. pajni,
turni, ciste, truci’e, zuktruci’e, flatruci’e, flacfatrugri, flazautrugri, vajraifla.)
pai [PA5] digit/number: pi (approximately
3.1416...).
pajni [pai] x1 judges/referees/arbitrates/is a
judge determining/deciding matter x2 (abstract).
(x2 includes jei = rule (jetpai), ni = estimate (lairpai), ka = evaluate (kairpai or vampai), or nu = referee/arbitrate (faurpai); single events of judging
including specific decisions/judgements (= paijdi,
jetpaijdi, lairpaijdi, kairpaijdi, vampaijdi, faurpaijdi); jury (= pairkamni), serve on a jury (= kamnypai, as part of mass x1). See also cuxna, jdice, vajni,
cipra, zekri, manri, mansa.)
paki’o [PA*] number/quantity: 1,000 expressed with comma.
palbi’o x1 gets promoted to x2 (object, state).
palci [pac] x1 is evil/depraved/wicked
[morally bad] by standard x2. (See also zekri,
vrude, xlali, marde, mabla.)
palgau x1 promotes x2 to x3 (object, state).
palku [pak] x1 are
pants/trousers/slacks/leggings [legged garment] of material x2. (See also taxfu, pastu,
skaci.)
palne x1 is a tray/platter/flat container
[pan/sheet/griddle] of contents x2, and made of
material x3. (Also pallet, when used for carrying
rather than support on the ground; a tray is
flat-bottomed and shallow or without a rim, and
is generally portable. See also tansi, patxu, palta,
ckana.)
palsita x1 is a Sith / Dark Jedi of power / level
/ rank x2
palta x1 is a plate/dish/platter/saucer
[flat/mildly concave food service bed] made
117panjyda’u papa
of material x2. (See also ckana, palne, kabri, tansi,
ckana.)
paltylu’i l1 (agent) washes dishes l2 of
soil/contaminant l3 with cleaning material(s)
l4 (Cf. paltylumca’a, zbabu, ctitcilu’i.)
paltylumca’a c1 is a dishwasher (machine). (Cf.
taflumca’a, zbabu, ctitcilu’i, paltylu’i.)
paludizm malaria.
pamai [MAI*] discursive: first utterance ordinal.
pambe x1 is a pump/injector [tool/apparatus]
pumping/inserting fluid x2 to x3 from x4 by
means x5. (x2 fluid may be liquid or gas; x5 may
be a force; a pump generally causes a pressure gradient, such that x3 is a place of lower pressure, x4
a place of higher pressure. (cf. gapci, litki, rinci;
metaphorical use of fepri for gas, risna for liquid,
rinci, tutci))
pamei [MOI*] quantified selbri: convert 1 to
cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with single/sole/only
member x2.
pamjai j1 hugs/embraces j2 with j3 (part of j1)
at locus j4 (part of j2).
pamli’u p1&p2 = l1 (mass) date via route l2 using means l3. (Cf. litru, penmi.)
pamo’o [MAI*] discursive utterance ordinal:
first section/chapter ordinal.
pamoi [MOI*] quantified selbri: convert 1 to ordinal selbri; x1 is first among x2 ordered by rule
x3.
pampe’o pr1=pe1 is a lover of pr2=pe2. (Cf.
prami, pendo, glepe’o, cinse)
pamu [PA*] number/quantity: 15 [fifteen].
panci [pan] x1 is an
odor/fragrance/scent/smell emitted by x2
and detected by observer/sensor x3. (An undetected emitter is odorless to the observer. See also
nazbi, sumne, cpina.)
pandi [pad] x1 (agent) punctuates x2 (expression) with symbol/word x3 with syntactic/semantic effect x4. (See also lerfu, basna,
denpa.)
panjelca j1 = p2 is incense emitting odor p1.
(Cf. panjelga’a, sumne, ritli, lijda, budjo, danmo.)
panjelga’a g1 = p2 is an incense stick with odor
x2 = p1. (Cf. panjelca.)
panje x1 is a quantity of/contains/is made of
sponge/porous material. (Also metaphorically
used for coral, Swiss cheese. See also cokcu for
a generalized absorbant.)
panjyda’u x1 is a sponge of species x2.
panjyzme x1 is a loofa of variety x2.
panka x1 is a park/land reserve managed by
community/polity/company x2 for purpose x3.
(See also sorcu, zdile, klaji, purdi.)
panlo [pa’o] x1 is a slice [thin flat portion] of
x2 (mass). (See also nanba.)
panoki’oki’o [PA*] number/quantity:
10,000,000 [ten millions](Western numbering
system/1,00,00,000 [100 lakhs](Indian numbering
system). (Cf. panonoki’o.)
panomei [MOI*] quantifier selbri: convert 10 to
cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with the decade of members x2.
panomoi [MOI*] quantified selbri: convert 10 to
ordinal selbri; x1 is tenth among x2 ordered by rule
x3.
panonoki’o [PA*] number/quantity: 100,000
[hundred thousand](Western numbering system)/[one lakh](Indian numbering system).. (Cf.
panoki’oki’o.)
panonomei [MOI*] quantifier selbri: convert
100 to cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with the century
of members x2.
panono [PA*] number/quantity: 100 [one hundred].
pano [PA*] number/quantity: 10 [ten].
panpi [pap] x1 is at peace with x2. ((cf. jamna;
use sarxe, smaji, tugni for most metaphorical extensions, cilce, jamna))
panra x1 parallels x2 differing only in property x3 (ka; jo’u/fa’u term) by standard/geometry
x4. (Also: x1 is parallel to x2, x3 is the
only difference between x1 and x2 (= terpanra for reordered places); x1 and x2 are
alike/similar/congruent. A parallel involves extreme close similarity/correspondence across the
entirety of the things being compared, generally
involving multiple properties, with focus placed
on one or a small number of differences. See also
pa’a, mintu, simsa, girzu, vrici.)
pante [pat] x1 protests/objects to/complains
about x2 (event/state) to audience x3 with action
x4. ((x4 is an event or tu’a quotation) See also
xarnu.)
panzi [paz] x1 is a [biological] offspring/child/kid/hybrid of parent(s) x2; (adjective:) x1 is filial. (See also grute, verba, bersa,
tixnu, se rorci, patfu.)
papa [PA*] number/quantity: 11 [eleven].
118patsku pavmoija’a
papri x1 is a [physical] page/leaf of
book/document/bound mass of pages x2.
(Numbered pages (as in a book) are the sides of a
page (= paprysfe, paprysfelai); a pageful of text
(= papryseltcidu, paprytcidylai). See also karni,
pelji, prina, xatra, vreji, pezli, cukta, ciska.)
papsimbi’o x1 make up/peace with each other
under condition x2. (Cf. panpi, simxu, binxo, simpapybi’o.)
parbi [pab] x1 (me’o, fraction) is a ratio/rate
of x2 (quantity) with respect to x3 (quantity),
[x2:x3]. (Also x1 fraction/proportion/quotient;
x2 dividend/numerator; x3 divisor/denominator.
See also frinu, dilcu, mekso.)
paremei [MOI*] quantified selbri: convert 12 to
cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with a dozen members
x2.
pare [PA*] number/quantity: 12 [twelve].
paRIZ Paris
4 parji x1 is a parasite of x2. (see also civla,
cipnrkuku, xidnora)
parkla k1 = c1 creeps/crawls to k2 from k3 via
k4 using k5 = c4. (Cf. cpare, klama, reskla, cidydzu.)
paroi [ROI*] tense interval modifier: once; objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense.
pasifik Pacific Ocean.
paso [PA*] number/quantity: 19 [nineteen].
pasrtunika x1 is a tunic of material x2. (A garment worn over the torso, with or without sleeves,
and of various lengths reaching from the hips
to the ankles. Originated in Greece and Ancien
Rome. tu’inka for type 4. Cf. pastu.)
pastu [pas] x1 is a
robe/tunic/gown/cloak/dress/[coveralls] [a
long/full body garment] of material x2. (Also
coveralls (= paspalku). See also kosta, taxfu,
palku.)
pasyskaci s1 = p1 is a dress/gown (full-length
un-legged garment) of material s2 = p2.
patfu [paf pa’u] x1 is a father of x2; x1
begets/sires/acts paternal towards x2; [not necessarily biological]. (See also mamta, rirni, rorci,
tarbi, dzena, famti, panzi, bersa, sovda.)
patlu x1 is a potato [an edible tuber] of variety/cultivar x2. ((use samcu for starchy/tuberous
roots that do not reproduce from eyes of tuber);
See also genja, jalna, samcu.)
patpei pa1 = pe1 disapprovingly minds/cares
pa2 = pe2. (Cf. pante, pensi.)
patsku c1 = p1 protests expressing c2 to audience c3 = p3 via medium c4 about p2. (Cf. pante,
cusku, patspu.)
patspu s1 = p1 protests/objects to/complains
about s2 = p2 with action s3 = p4 to audience p3.
(Cf. pante, spuda, patsku, patyva’u.)
patxi’o x1 = p1 is Protestant in aspect x2. (Cf.
xriso, pante, glixi’o, sunxi’o, la’orxi’o, lijda.)
patxu [pax] x1 is a pot/kettle/urn/tub/sink,
a deep container for contents x2, of material/properties x3. ((cf. tansi, palne for depth;
baktu, botpi for open/lidded))
patyva’u v1 = p1 sighs in exasperation responding to p2 (event/state). (Cf. pante, vasxu, patspu.)
paunai [UI*3] discursive: unreal/rhetorical
question follows.
paurseldejni p1 is a bond issued by d1 held by
d3. (Cf. pagbu, dejni, terdejni, ze’i zei seldejni, ze’u
zei seldejni, posfai.)
pau [UI3a] discursive: optional question premarker. (See also preti.)
pavbudjo b1 is the first Buddha, Siddhartha
Gautama. (Cf. budjo, pa, moi, lijda, censa)
pavdei x1 is a Monday of week x2 on calendar
x3.
pavdilcu x1 is the reciprocal/multiplicative inverse of x2 . (See also fa’i)
pavdutcinse c1 is strictly heterosexual in situation c2 by standard c4. (This word does not apply
to bisexuals and is the direct Lojban equivalent of
English ”heterosexual”. Cf. pavycinse, dutcinse,
pavmitcinse.)
pavgaryre’e t1 is a vehicle of units x2 for monorail x3, propelled by x4. (Cf. trene.)
pavmasti x1 is January/the first month of year
x2 in calendar x3. (Cf. relmasti, cibmasti, vonmasti, mumymasti, xavmasti, zelmasti, bivmasti,
sozymasti, pavnonmasti, pavypavmasti, pavrelmasti, nanca, kanbyma’i.)
pavmast January. (Cf. kanbyma’i, pavmasti.)
pavmei m1 is singular.
pavmitcinse c1 is strictly homosexual in situation c2 by standard c4. (This word does not apply
to bisexuals and is the direct Lojban equivalent of
English ”homosexual”. Cf. pavycinse, mitcinse,
pavdutcinse.)
pavmoija’a j1 has the rank of Lieutenant/1st
Lieutenant (equivalent of NATO OF-1) in military unit /organization j2. (Cf. pa, moi, jatna,
jemja’a, vairsoi, relmoija’a. Based on STANAG
119paxlai pemcrlimriki
2116: NATO Codes for Grades of Military Personnel.)
pavnonmasti x1 is October/the tenth month of
year x2 in calendar x3. (Cf. pavmasti, nanca.)
pavnonmoija’a j1 has the rank of Field
Marshall/General of the Army//Fleet Admiral/Marshall of the Air Force (equivalent of NATO
OF-10) in military unit j2. (Cf. pa, no, moi, jatna,
jemja’a, vairsoi, sozmoija’a, bivmoija’a. Based on
STANAG 2116: NATO Codes for Grades of Military Personnel.)
pavo [PA*] number/quantity: 14 [fourteen].
pavrelmasti x1 is December/the twelfth month
of year x2 in calendar x3. (Cf. pavmasti, nanca.)
pavroi x1 happens once in interval x2. (Cf. pa,
roi, paroi.)
pavycinglepre pr1 is (a) monosexual/nonbisexual. (Cf. relcinglepre, mitpavycinglepre, datpavycinglepre)
pavycinse c1 is monosexual in situation c2 by
standard c4. (Monosexual means sexual interest
in only one sex/gender, so this word does not apply to bisexuals (= relcinse). Cf. fetcinse, nakcinse,
mitcinse, dutcinse.)
pavypavmasti x1 is November/the eleventh
month of year x2 in calendar x3. (Cf. pavmasti,
nanca.)
pavyplini p1 is the closest planet (default is Mercury if p2 is the Sun) revolving around p2 (default
is the Sun), with planetary characteristics p3, orbital parameters p4. (Cf. pavyplin, relplini, cibyplini etc.; see also terdi, solri,mluni, lunra, plinycma, tarci’e.)
pavyplin Mercury. (Cf. pavyplini.)
pavysei p1 = s1 is alone, lacking the company
of s2.
pavyselcei c2 believes in one god/deity c1
with dominion over c3; c2 is a monotheist. (Cf.
cevni, ceikri, nalceikri, selcei, nonselcei, sorselcei,
ceirsenpi.)
pavyselji’o j2 is a monopole with end j1.
pavyseljirna x1 is a unicorn. (Refers specifically
to animals of the unicorn species, not the result of
removing a horn from a two-horned animal.)
pavysmu s1 is the single, unambiguous meaning of s2 recognized/accepted by s3; x2 = s2 is
unambiguous/explicit according to x3 = s3.
pavzilcatra c2 dies (non-agentively) from cause
c3. (from zi’o and catra)
paxa [PA*] number/quantity: 16 [sixteen].
paxlai k1 is k2 (quantifier, default: one) potfuls
in quantity. (Cf. patxu, klani.)
paxrmari p1 is a double boiler/bain-marie containing p2 made of p3
paze [PA*] number/quantity: 17 [seventeen].
pa [pav] [PA1] digit/number: 1 (digit) [one].
pe’a [pev] [UI3c] marks a construct as figurative (non-literal/metaphorical) speech/text.
pe’e [PEhE] marks the following connective as
joining termsets.
pe’i [UI2] evidential: I opine (subjective claim).
( See also jinvi.)
pe’o [PEhO] forethought flag for mathematical
expression (mex) Polish (forethought) operator.
pe’u [COI] vocative: please.
peifli x1 = f1 = p1 is baf-
fled/befuddled/perplexed/flummoxed by
subject x2 = p2; x1 = f1 = p1 is stuck on problem
x2 = p2.
peisku p1 = c1 thinks thought c2 = p2
(sedu’u/text/lu’e concept). (Verbal or near-verbal
expression of a thought; internal monologue.
Made from pensi + cusku.)
peixru x1 = p1 thinks back to origin/earlier
state x3 about p2 (abstraction). (Cf. pensi, xruti,
morji.)
pei [CAI] attitudinal: attitudinal question; how
do you feel about it? with what intensity?.
pejgau g1 (agent) spreads p1 over/into p2 from
p3. (Cf. preja, gasnu, tcena, fatri, muvdu.)
pekin Peking
pelglar yellow fever.
pelji [ple] x1 is paper from source x2. (Sheet
of paper (= plekarda if shape is important,
plebo’o). See also karni, papri, prina.)
pelnimre x1 is a lemon of variety x2. (Cf. pelxu,
nimre, ri’ornimre, najnimre, branimre, nimre.)
pelxu [pel] x1 is yellow/golden [color adjective]. (See also skari, blabi, xekri, kandi, carmi,
narju, solji.)
pemci [pem] x1 is a poem/verse about
plot/theme/subject/pattern x2 by author x3 for
intended audience x4. (x2 may be a convention
rather than a subject. See also prosa, rimni, rilti,
finti, lisri, sanga.)
pemcrlimriki x1 is a limerick about subject/theme x2 by author x3. (Cf. pemci, pemcrxaiku, pemcrsoneto.)
120pesxu pifcpi
pemcrsoneto x1 is a sonnet about subject/theme x2 by author x3. (Cf. pemci, pemcrxaiku, pemcrlimriki.)
pemcrxaiku x1 is a haiku about subject/theme
x2 by author x3. (Cf. pemci, pemcrsoneto, pemcrlimriki.)
pempau pa1 is a verse of poem pe1 about subject
pe2 by author pe3 for intended audience pe4. (Cf.
pemci, pagbu, vlali’i, vlagri.)
penbi [peb] x1 is a pen using ink x2 applied
by process x3. (See also ciska, pinsi, xinmo,
pimlu.)
pencu [pec pe’u] x1 (agent) touches x2 with
x3 [a locus on x1 or an instrument] at x4 [a locus
on x2]. (See also ganse, darxi, jgari, penmi, jorne,
satre, mosra, zgana.)
pendo [ped pe’o] x1 is/acts as a friend
of/to x2 (experiencer); x2 befriends x1. (See also
bradi, xendo, nelci, prami, bradi.)
pengau g1 introduces p1 to p2 at/in location p3.
(Cf. penmi, gasnu.)
pengri g1 is a group meeting showing common
property g2 at/in location p3.
penmi [pen pe’i] x1 meets/encounters x2
at/in location x3. (See also jorne, jikca, pencu.)
pensi [pes pei] x1
thinks/considers/cogitates/reasons/is pensive about/reflects upon subject/concept x2.
(Also: x1 is thoughtful (one sense); x2 is mental
(one sense)/intellectual (one sense) (= selpei).
See also cmavo list pe’i, jijnu, menli, morji, sidbo,
jinvi, se nabmi, minra, lanli, besna, saske, skami.)
perli [per] x1 is a pear [fruit] of species/strain
x2. (See also grute.)
persika x1 is a peach of variety x2 (see also
flaume, rutrprunu)
persimo x1 is a persimmon/ebony of
species/variety x2.
peRUV Peru. (Cf. pervu’ui, ketco.)
pervu’ui x1 reflects Peruvian culture/nationality in aspect x2. (Cf. peRUV,
ketco, gento, brazo, tcokumte.)
pesku’i p1 = k1 is considerate of p2 = k2. (Cf.
pensi, kurji.)
pesru’e pr1 is cognition (process of thought)
with inputs pr2 = pe2, outputs pr3 = pe3, passing
through stages pr4. (Cf. puvypei, nunpei, selpei.)
pesti’i s1 = p1 hypothesizes s2 = p2 to audience
s3 about subject/concept x4 = p2. (Cf. pensi, stidi,
je’urja’o.)
pesxu [pex] x1 is
paste/pulp/dough/mash/mud/slurry [soft,
smooth-textured, moist solid] of composition x2.
(x2: composition including x2, which need not
be complete specification. See also marxa, kliti,
tarla.)
petso [pet] x1 is 10
15
of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). (See also grake,
mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo,
gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo,
gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi, picti,
terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro)
pexfebdja x1 = p1 = c1 is a noodle/pasta/boiled dough eaten by x2 = c2 made
out of x3 = p2 (normally grain(s) or legume(s))
which is boiled in x4 = f1 (normally water) at temperature x5 = f2 and pressure x6 = f3 (See also
febjukpa, grupesxu. luvjo from pesxu, febvi, cidja.
Not very jvajvo, but it works.)
pezli [pez] x1 is a leaf of plant x2; x1 is foliage
of x2. (See also tricu, papri, spati.)
pezri’oxu’i x1 is chlorophyll of type x2; x1 is
chlorophyllous with type x2
pezyfaltricu t1 is a deciduous tree of species t2.
(Cf. ze’erpezytricu.)
pezyxruba x1 is a quantity of sorrel of subspecies x2. (Cf. xruba, pezli.)
pe [GOI] restrictive relative phrase marker:
which is associated with ...; loosest associative/possessive.
pi’a [VUhU4] n-ary mathematical operator:
operands are vectors to be treated as matrix rows.
pi’e [PA3] digit/number:separates digits for
base ¿16, not current standard, or variable (e.g.
time, date).
pi’i [VUhU1] n-ary mathematical operator:
times; multiplication operator; [(((a * b) * c) * ...)].
pi’o [BAI] pilno modal, 1st place used by ...
pi’u [piv] [JOI] non-logical connective: cross
product; Cartesian product of sets.
piblitki l1 is vaginal/penile fluid/secretion of
p2. (Cf. glevi’i, pinjyjdu.)
picti [pic] x1 is a trillionth [10
12
] of x2 in dimension/aspect x3 (default is units). (Cf. grake,
mitre, snidu, stero, delno, molro, kelvo, xampo,
gradu, litce, merli, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo,
gocti, gotro, kilto, megdo, mikri, milti, nanvi,
petso, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti, zetro.)
pidu’e [PA*] number: too much of.
pifcpi x1 is a hornbill of species x2.
121

pincyfi’e pinsi
pifygau g1 takes into custody/imprisons p1 as a
prisoner/captive of p2 restrained/held/confined
by means/force p3. (Cf. pinfu, gasnu.)
piji’i [PA*] number: approximately all of.
pijne x1 is a pin/peg (needle-shaped tool) for
fastening to/piercing x2, of material/properties
x3. (See also jesni, nivji, fenso, dinko, tutci.)
pijyske s1 is philosophy with methodology s2.
pikci x1 begs/pleads/supplicates/entreats/implores/beseeches/prays
[asks with humility] x2 for x3. (Also importune,
petition, plea, solicit; x2 benefactor, patron; x3
boon, favor, gift, alms. See also cpedu which is
more general as to manner, pindi.)
piksku c1 = p3 (agent) comments/remarks
on/observes c2 = p1 about subject x3 = p2 to audience x4 = c3 = p4 via expressive medium x5 = c5.
(Cf. zgana, ga’a, za’a, retsku.)
pikta x1 is a ticket entitling x2 to entitlement/privilege x3 (event/state) under conditions
x4. (See also jaspu.)
pilji [pi’i] x1 is the product/total/result of
factors/multiplicands (x2 and x3) x2 multiplied by
x3. (See also mekso, sumji, rapli, jalge.)
pilka [pil pi’a] x1 is a
crust/rind/peel/skin/hide/outer cover of
x2. ((cf. grute, calku, skapi (pilka as a general
term includes skapi), gacri))
pilno [pli] x1 uses/employs x2 [tool, apparatus, machine, agent, acting entity, material] for
purpose x3. (Also utilize; x2 is useful/used productively by x1 to do x3 (= selpli for reordered
places); hire/employ (= le’ipli, lejyplicu’a). (cf.
tutci, cabra, minji, gasnu, zukte for x2, cmavo list
pi’o, sazri, jibri))
pimdu’i d1 = p2 has the same feathers/plumage
as d2, the feathers/plumage being p1. (Cf. pimlu,
dunli.)
pimlu [pim pi’u] x1 is a/the
feather/plume(s)/plumage [body-part] of animal/species x2. (See also cipni, nalci, rebla, kerfa,
penbi.)
pimo’a [PA*] number: too little of.
pimucu’o [MOI*] quantified selbri: convert .5
to probability selbri; event x1 has a 50/50 chance
under cond. x2.
pimu [PA*] half. (synonym fi’ure; see also
xadba)
pinca x1 is a/the urine/piss/pee of x2. (See also
vikmi, xasne, kalci, mabla, festi.)
pincyfi’e x1 is a candiru of species/variety ´ x2.
(syn. kandiru, finprvandeli; see also latfi’e)
pincyvi’i v1 = p2 (body) excretes
urine/urinates/pees/pisses. (Cf. kalcyvi’i.)
pindi [pid] x1 is
poor/indigent/impoverished/lacking in
goods/possessions/property x2. (x2 is
scanty/meager/lacking for x1. See also ricfu,
claxu, nitcu, pikci.)
pinflani x1 is a flute. (Cf. flani, pijne, flanrdizi,
zgica’a.)
pinfu [pif] x1 is a prisoner/captive of x2, restrained/held/confined by means/force x3. (See
also zifre, kavbu, rinju, ralte, fanta, cilce.)
pinji x1 is a/the clitoris/penis [projecting reproductive organ; body-part] of x2. (Normally context eliminates need for specificity; otherwise: penis (= nakpinji), clitoris (= fetpinji). See also cinse,
gletu, vibna, plibu, vlagi, mabla, ganti.)
pinjycarvi c1 is bukkake onto c2 from c3 = p2.
(Use nunpinjycarvi for the event. Cf. glevi’i,
glefi’a.)
pinjygai g1 is a penis sheath. (Cf. pinji, gacri.)
pinjyjdu j1 is smegma of p2. (Includes male and
female smegma. Cf. glevi’i, pinca, karlakse, lakse.)
pinjykapyvi’u v1 circumcises/removes foreskin
from p2 = s2 = v3. (Cf. pinji, skapi, vimcu. See
also pinjyskapi. Also: v1 is a mohel.)
pinjyskapi s1 is the foreskin of p2 = s2. (Cf.
pinji, skapi. See also pinjykapyvi’u.)
pinka [pik] x1 (text) is a comment/remark/observation about subject x2
expressed by x3 to audience x4. (Also: x3 comments/remarks/says x1 about x2 (= terselpinka
for reordered places). See also jinvi, cusku, zgana,
lanli, bacru, ciska.)
pinpau x1 is a row/rank of table/chart x2. (see
also rajypau)
pinpedi x1 is a seal/sea lion/otary/walrus of
genus/species x2. (seal: kermipri pinpedi; sea
lion: kerja’o pinpedi; see also mabru, odbenu)
pinsi’a s1 = p1 prostrates him/herself/itself before s2. (Cf. pinta, sinma.)
pinsi [pis] x1 is a pencil/crayon/stylus applying lead/marking material x2, frame/support
[of material] x3. (Also writing brush; x1 stimulates substrate medium x2 to display marks; explicitly denoting a standard lead pencil (= tabypinsi). (cf. ciska, penbi (unlike the English equivalents, pinsi is the more general term over penbi),
122pitnanba pleji
burcu, bakri))
pinta [pin] x1 is flat/level/horizontal in
gravity/frame of reference x2. (See also sraji, plita,
xutla.)
pintu’a p1 = t1 is a plain/flatland at location t2
pinvre v1 lies on v2 = p1. (Cf. vreta, pinta, surla,
sipna.)
pinxe [pix] x1 (agent) drinks/imbibes beverage/drink/liquid refreshment x2 from/out-of
container/source x3. (See also cidja, citka, taske,
tunlo, xaksu, barja, birje.)
pinynacmei x1 is a row vector of dimension x2
with coordinates x3, x4, ... (See also rajnacmei)
pipcarna c1 = p1 somersaults over c2 in direction c3 to p2 from p3. (Cf. plipe, carna.)
pipkla k1 = p1 skips/hops to k2 = p2 from k3 =
p3 via route k4. (Cf. plipe, klama.)
pipno [pi’o] x1 is a piano/harpsichord/synthesizer/organ; a keyboard
musical instrument. (See also zgike.)
pipnrpiano zei konceto x1 is piano concerto
number x2 in key x3 composed by x4 performed
by/at x5( event). (Cf. zgike, nolzgi, konceto zei
pagbu, konceto, pipnrpiano, jgitrviolino zei konceto, simfoni, zgifi’i.)
pipnrpiano x1 is a piano. (Cf. pipno, zgica’a.)
pipybanfi p1 = b1 is a frog of species b2. (Cf.
plipe, banfi.)
pipyjalra x1 is a grasshopper of order/species/breed x2. (from mao’ste)
piresi’e [MOI*] quantified selbri: convert .2 =
1/5 to portion selbri; x1 is 1/5 of mass/totality x2.
pirlarfi’i f1 = p3 paints picture f2 = p1 in
style/art form l1 representing/showing p2 = f4
on medium p4 (from pixra larcu finti c.f. cintypu’i)
pirosi’e [MOI*] quantified selbri: converts allof to portion selbri; x1 is the whole portion of mass
x2.
piro [PA*] number: all of.
piso’a [PA*] number: almost all of.
piso’iroi [ROI*] tense interval modifier: often;
objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense.
piso’i [PA*] number: much of.
piso’uroi [ROI*] tense interval modifier: rarely;
objectively quantified tense; defaults as time tense.
piso’u [PA*] number: a little of.
pisu’o [PA*] number: at least some of.
pitki’otre m1 is m2 square kilometers on side /
facing m3 by standard m4.
pitnanba n1 is a pizza with topping/ingredients n2. (Cf. iptsa, cidjrpitsa,
nabypalne.)
piton Python. (programming language)
pixra [pir xra] x1 is a picture/illustration
representing/showing x2, made by artist x3 in
medium x4. (Also (adjective:) x1 is pictorial/illustrative; drawing (= xraselci’a), x1 draws
x2 (= xraci’a/xraci’a), image (= xratai), photo
(= kacmyxra), take a photo (= kacmyterxra,
kacmyxragau, kacmyxrazu’e); sculpture, relief (=
blixra). See also ciska, cinta, prina, mupli, barna,
skina.)
pi [piz] [PA3] digit/number: radix (number
base) point; default decimal.
plajva j1 = p2 is a policy by p1 policy maker
regarding j3 subject of policy, j1 is political (Made
out of platu, javni. Politics as an activity may be
”nu plajva” and political science may be ”plajva
saske”)
plana x1 is plump/fat/obese [excessively
thick/bulbous/swollen] by standard x2. (See also
cinla, rotsu, barda, punli, grasu.)
plank Planck.
plantago x1 is a plantain (small plant with
flower spike) of species x2. (see also jupybadna)
plargoni x1 is a geranium of species/variety x2.
platano x1 is a sycamore (Platanus) of species
x2.
platesa x1 is a plaice of species x2. (Cf. mlafi’e.)
platu [pla] x1 (agent) plans/designs/plots
plan/arrangement/plot/[schematic] x2 for
state/process x3. (Also invents/organizes; x2
design, scheme; the structure or layout of an
object would be represented as a state in x3. See
also cartu.)
pleji [lej le’i] x1
pays/compensates/remunerates/[rewards] payment x2 to recipient/payee x3 for goods/services
x4. (Also x4 commodities; x4 may be a specific object, a commodity (mass), an event, or a
property; pedantically, for objects/commodities,
this is sumti-raising from ownership of the
object/commodity (= posle’i, posyvelyle’i for
unambiguous semantics); rent (= jerle’i, lejyjbera).
(cf. canja, cnemu, friti, kargu, vecnu, jdima,
prali, jerna, sfasa, dunda, jinga, dapma; see note
at jdima on cost/price/value distinction, cirko,
dirba))
123plixau poi
plekarni k1 is a journal/periodical/magazine/[newspaper] printed
on paper with content k2 published by k3 for
audience k4. (Cf. karni, pelji, snukarni.)
plesigja s1 is a cigarette made of s2 by s3.
plibu [pib] x1 is a/the pubic area/external
genitalia [body-part] of x2. (See also cinse, gletu,
pinji, vibna, vlagi, ganti, mabla.)
plicme c1 is the user-name/pseudonym/penname of c2 = p1 for use with/by resource c3 =
p2 for purpose p3. (Cf. pilno, cmene, cmisau,
cmeveigau, japyvla.)
plicru c1 (agent) allows the use of p2 for use x3 =
p3 under conditions x4 = c3.
plicu’a c1 = p1 adopts/selects/chooses/accepts
c2 = p2 out of alternatives c3 for purpose p3. (Cf.
pilno, cuxna, nelrai.)
plika’e x1 is able to use x2 for purpose x3 under
conditions x4.
plini x1 is a planet revolving around x2 with
planetary characteristics x3, orbital parameters x4.
(See also lunra, mluni, terdi, solri, munje.)
plinycma c1 = p1 is an asteroid/planetoid revolving around p2 with characteristics p3 and orbital parameters p4. (Cf. plini, cmalu, cmaplini,
jdikyplini.)
plinyxabykoi k1 is the equator of planet x2 =
p1 (default Earth) revolving around p2 (from plini
xadba korbi c.f. plinyxadba jedjipli’i)
plinyxadba x1 is a hemisphere of planet x2 (default Earth) revolving around p2 (from plini xadba
c.f. bolxadba)
plipe [pip pi’e] x1 (agent/object)
leaps/jumps/springs/bounds to x2 from x3
reaching height x4 propelled by x5. (Place structure parallels klama; hence x4 may be a route-like
expression. See also bajra, stapa, cpare, lafti.)
pliri’a r1 = p1 applies r2 = p2 to r3 = p3. (Cf.
pilno.)
plise x1 is an apple [fruit] of species/strain x2.
(See also grute.)
plisytricu x1 is an apple tree of tree species x2.
plita [pit] x1 is a plane [2-dimensional
shape/form] defined by points x2 (set); x1 is
flat/[smooth]. (Also: x1 is even/planar/level. (x2
is a set of points at least sufficient to define the
plane); See also xutla, sefta, tapla, karda, boxfo,
pinta.)
plivei v1 is a log/record of data v2 (nu/du’u)
about v3 = p1’s use of resource p2 for purpose p3
recorded in medium v4. (Cf. pilno, vreji, cmisau,
cmeveigau.)
plixau x1=p2 is useful/good for x2 = p1 by the
standard of being usable for purpose p3. (x3 is
”usable”. See alse selplika’e. Made from pilno +
xamgu.)
plixa [lix] x1 (agent) plows/furrows/tills
[cuts into and turns up] x2 with tool x3 propelled
by x4. (See also kakpa, sraku, katna, skuro.)
plonebrespa x1 is a frill-necked lizard
(Chlamydosaurus) of species x2. (Cf. respa.)
plopijne pi1 = po2 is a staple for holding together pi2, made of pi3 (cleaned up from auto noralujv migration Conceivably this might include a
paper fastener as well. See plopijnytci for stapler.)
pluja [luj] x1 is complex/complicated/involved in aspect/property
x2 (ka) by standard x3. (Also tangled, confused.
See also cfipu, banli, sampu, jgena.)
pluka [puk pu’a] x1 (event/state) seems
pleasant to/pleases x2 under conditions x3. (See
also rigni, cmavo list pu’a, melbi, nelci, prami.)
pluta [lut lu’a] x1 is a
route/path/way/course/track to x2 from x3
via/defined by points including x4 (set). (A route
merely connects origin/destination, but need not
be improved in any way; (x4 is a set of points at
least sufficient to constrain the route relevantly).
(cf. litru, naxle, tcana, dargu, klaji, ve klama; tadji,
zukte for means to a goal, klama, pagre))
pluton Pluto (Cf. jdikyplini.)
po’edji x1 = p1 = d1 wants to
own/possess/have x2 = p2 for purpose
x3 = d3, wanting to own/possess/have it by
right/custom/law x4 = p3. (d2 is the abstraction
of x1 having x2.)
po’e [GOI] restrictive relative phrase marker:
which belongs to ... ; inalienable possession.
po’i [BAI] porsi modal, 1st place (in order) sequentially; in the sequence ...
po’olska x1 reflects Polish culture/nationality/language in aspect x2. (Cf.
bangrpolska, slovo.)
po’o [UI3b] discursive: uniquely, only, solely:
the only relevant case. (See also pamei, mulno,
frica.)
po’u [GOI] restrictive appositive phrase
marker: which is the same thing as.
poi [NOI] restrictive relative clause; attaches
subordinate bridi with identifying information to
124porto prami
a sumti.
pokme’oni x1 is a Pokemon/Pocket Monster of ´
species x2. (Cf. daskycizda’u, crida.)
polgosu x1 is a halibut of species x2. (syn. finprxipoglosu; Cf. flundero, mlafi’e.)
polje [plo] x1 (force) folds/creases x2 at locus/loci/forming crease(s)/bend(s) x3. (For agentive folding (= plogau, plozu’e); use cardinal-value
sumti in x3, or rapli, to indicate multiple folds. See
also korcu, cinje, boxfo, boxna.)
polno [pol] x1 reflects Polynesian/Oceanian (geographic region) culture/nationality/languages in aspect x2. (See
also sralo, daplu, xamsi.)
polskas Poland (Cf. gugdrpolska, gugdepulu.)
ponbau p1 = b1 is the Japanese language used
by b2 to express/communicate b3 (si’o/du’u, not
quote). (Cf. ponjo, bangu, banjupunu.)
pongu’e p1 = g1 is Japan. (Cf. gugdejupu,
ponjo, gugde.)
ponjda l1 is the Shinto religion with beliefs/practices/tenets including l3 (from ponjo lijda)
ponjo [pon po’o] x1 reflects Japanese culture/nationality/language in aspect x2. (See also
xazdo, daplu.)
ponse [pos po’e] x1 possesses/owns/has
x2 under law/custom x3; x1 is owner/proprietor
of x2 under x3. ((x3 is generally more important to
the concept than commonly accepted for the English equivalent, since the concept is broader when
unconstrained, and the nature/interpretation of
possession/ownership is very culturally dependent); See also ckini, ralte, jitro, steci, srana, tutra,
turni, zivle.)
popsna s1 is the sound of p1 breaking/shattering/cracking/splintering into pieces
p2. (Cf. porpi, sance.)
popygau g1 causes p1 to
break/fracture/shatter/[split/splinter/crack]
into pieces p2. (Cf. gasnu, porpi.)
porpi [pop po’i] x1
breaks/fractures/shatters/[splits/splinters/cracks]
into pieces x2. (See also xrani, spofu, se katna.)
porsi [por poi] x1 [ordered set] is sequenced/ordered/listed by comparison/rules x2
on unordered set x3. (Also (adjective:) x1 is serial.
(sets are completely specified); See also cmavo list
po’i, lidne, liste, cmima.)
porto [pot] x1 reflects Portuguese culture/nationality/language in aspect x2. (See also
brazo.)
porzu’e Group of agents p3 = z1 sequentially
perform/take turns doing z2 in order p2 for purpose z3. (Cf. porsi, zukte.)
posfai f1 is capital stock distributed
among shareholders p1 = f2 issued by company/corporation/firm p2 . (Cf. ponse, fatri,
posterfai, posyselfai, fairprali.)
posterfai f3 is a/are share/shares distributed among f2 = p1, issued by company/corporation/firm f1 = p2 under law
p3. (Cf. ponse, fatri, posfai, posyselfai.)
posxu’a x1 = p1 claims ownership of x2 = p2 in
condition p3. (Cf. xusra, ponse.)
posydi’a d1 is the price of possessing/owning
object d2 = p2 for potential owner d3 = p1 from
vendor d4 under law/custom p3 (ponse+jdima.
This variant of jdima is pedantically semantic distinction between the price of ”ownership” of an
object rather than the price of the object itself.)
posyselfai f2 = p1 is a/are a/the shareholder(s) of company/corporation/firm f1 = p2
with shares/portions f3 under law p3. (From
ponse, fatri. Cf. posfai, posterfai.)
potybau p1 = b1 is the Portuguese language
used by b2 to express/communicate b3 (si’o/du’u,
not quote). (Cf. porto, bangu, razbau, banpu’oru.)
po [GOI] restrictive relative phrase marker:
which is specific to ...; normal possessive physical/legal.
pracmu j1 is capital (factors of production) used
to create goods/services j2 = c2. (cf. cupra, zbasu,
jdini.)
prali [pal] x1 is a
profit/gain/benefit/advantage to x2 accruing/resulting from activity/process x3. (Also
(fe) x2 profits from x3 (= selterprali for reordered
places); x1 may be a specific object, a commodity
(mass), an event, or a property; pedantically,
for objects/commodities, this is sumti-raising
from ownership of the object/commodity (=
selposprali for unambiguous semantics). See
also vecnu, cnemu, pleji, jinga, canja, sfasa, jerna,
jdima, dunda, zivle.)
prami [pam pa’i] x1 loves/feels strong affectionate devotion towards x2 (object/state).
(Also: x1 is loving towards x2, x1 is a lover of x2
(one sense), x2 is beloved by x1 (= selpa’i for re-
125prosa pu’e
ordered places). See also cinmo, xebni, nelci, djica,
sinma, pluka, kurji, pendo, speni.)
prane [pa’e] x1 is
perfect/ideal/archetypical/faultless/flawless/unimprovable in property/aspect x2 (ka). (Also
without defect/error. See also manfo, curve, traji,
cfila, mulno.)
preblo b1 is a passenger ship for carrying b2,
propleed by p3. (Cf. prenu, bloti, beiblo, ni’ablo.)
precitri x1 is a biography of x2, written/created/composed by x3.
predatni d1 is a profile of person d2 = p1 gathered by method d3. (Cf. prenu, datni.)
preja [pej pe’a] x1 spreads/expands
over/into x2 from initial state x3. (See also tcena,
kuspe, ranji, fatri, muvdu, benji.)
prenu [pre] x1 is a person/people (noun)
[not necessarily human]; x1 displays personality/a persona. (See also nanmu, ninmu, remna,
zukte, sevzi.)
preti [ret rei] x1 (quoted text) is a question/query about subject x2 by questioner x3 to
audience x4. (See also nabmi, danfu, ciksi, frati,
spuda, cpedu.)
previnji v1 is a passenger aircraft for carrying
v2 = p1, propelled by v3. (Cf. prenu, vinji.)
prezi’ejva j1 is a human right for z1 = p1 to do
z2 (event/state). (Cf. prenu, zifre, javni, zi’ejva,
rarzi’ejva, nunzi’e, kamyzi’e.)
prigau g1 (agent) prints p1 onto p2 using p3
(tool/method). (Cf. prina, fukpi.)
prije [pij] x1 is wise/sage about matter x2
(abstraction) to observer x3. (See also bebna.)
primi’i m1 = p3 is a printer/printing machine
for printing p1 on surface p2. (Cf. prina, minji.)
prina [pri] x1 is a print/impression/image
on/in surface x2 of/made by/using
tool/press/implement/object x3. (See also
cukta, papri, pelji, pixra, ciska, danre, barna.)
pritu x1 is to the right/right-hand side of x2
which faces/in-frame-of-reference x3. (Also: x3 is
the standard of orientation for x2. See also cmavo
list ri’u, mlana, crane, trixe, farna, zunle.)
prityxa’e xa1 = z1 is a/the right hand of
xa2 = z2, which faces/in-frame-of-reference z3.
(Cf. zulxa’e.)
prokioni x1 is a racoon of species/breed x2. (Cf.
mlatu, gerku, lorxu, cribe, labno, mabru.)
pronalka’e k1 = f1 is incapable of opposing
f2 (person/force/mass) about f3 (abstract) underconditions k3 (event/state). (Cf. fapro, kakne,
tolvri.)
prosa [ros ro’a] x1 is prose about
plot/theme/subject x2 by author x3 for intended audience x4. (Non-poetic written text,
without intentional rhyme or meter; x2 may be a
convention rather than a subject. See also cfika,
lisri, cukta, pemci, finti.)
protoni x1 is a proton in quantum state x2. (Cf.
lektoni, nurtoni, kuarka, xumsle.
)
pruce [ruc ru’e] x1 is a process with inputs x2, outputs/results x3, passing through
steps/stages x4. (x2 resource (= selru’e, but also
ru’etci, (ru’er-/ruc- or selru’e-/selruc- modifying:)
selxaksu, selsabji, livla). See also cmavo list pu’e,
farvi, tadji, grute, tcini.)
prujungau x1 predicts/foretells/anticipates to
x2 fact(s) x3 (du’u) about subject x4 by epistemology x5. (See also djuno, jungau)
prula’i p1 = l1 is preceding p2 = l2 in sequence
l3. (bavla’i)
prulamcte n1 = l1 = p1 is the night before p2 =
l2 at location n3. (Cf. nicte, purlamdei, bavlamcte.)
prulamdei d1 = p1 = l1 is yesterday; d1 = p1 =
l1 is the day preceding p2 = l2, day standard d3.
prulamna’a n1 = p1 = l1 is yesteryear; n1 =
p1 = l1 is the year preceding p2 = l2 by year standard n3.
pruni [pun] (adjective:) x1 is elastic/springy.
(See also ckabu, tcena.)
prupu’i pun1 prepones/moves forward pun2 to
before pur2. (Cf. purci, punji, bavypunji.)
pruslemijyji’e x1 is a prokaryote of
species/defining property x2. (Protokaryots
are a group of organisms that lack a cell nucleus. P. consists of two domains, bacteria and
archaea.See also microorganism (one cellular
organism;=jurme) and eukaryote.)
pruspe s1 is the ex-wife/husband of s2
under law/custom/tradition/system/convention
s3. (Cf. bavyspe.)
pruxi [rux ru’i] x1 is spiritual/pertains to
the soul in nature [either energy or being]; x1 is
ghostly/ethereal. (Also soul (= ruxse’i). See also
censa, lijda, mucti, xadni.)
pu’a [BAI] pluka modal, 1st place pleased by ...
pu’e [BAI] pruce modal, 1st place (in manner 1)
by process ...
126purdi ra’e
pu’i [pus] [CAhA] modal aspect: can and
has; demonstrated potential.
pu’o [ZAhO] interval event contour: in anticipation of ...; until ... ; inchoative ―-― ―.
pu’u [puv] [NU1] abstractor: process (event)
abstractor; x1 is process of [bridi] proceeding in
stages x2.
puba [PU*] time tense: was going to;
(tense/modal).
puca’a [PU*] time tense: past actuality; modal
aspect.
puca’o [ZAhO*] time tense: was then;
(tense/modal).
pudykurji k1 is a gardener attending to garden
p1 belonging to p2, growing plants p3. (Cf. purdi,
kuji, cagypre, tercange.)
pujeba [PU*] time tense: before and after;
(tense/modal).
pujeca [PU*] time tense: before and during;
(tense/modal).
pulbanfi b1 = p2 is toad of species b2 (see also
pipybanfi)
pulce [puc pu’e] x1 is dust/precipitate [suspensible solid] from x2 in medium/on surface x3.
(See also te zalvi, danmo, purmo, sligu.)
pulji x1 is a police officer/[enforcer/vigilante]
enforcing law(s)/rule(s)/order x2. (Police officer,
as an agent of authority (= ca’irpulji, ka’irpulji), as
part of a police force (= puljysoi, as part of puljyselsoi); military police (= jempulji, bilpulji). See
also catni, sonci, bilni, flalu, bandu, jemna, zekri,
krati.)
pulni x1 is a pulley [tool] for performing action/function x2 rotating on axle x3. (See also
tutci, xislu, vraga.)
pumlumci l1 (agent) dusts l2 with l4 (from
purmo lumci)
pumvau v1 contains powder of material p2. (Cf.
purmo, vasru.)
punji [puj pu’i] x1 (agent)
puts/places/sets x2 on/at surface/locus x3.
(See also cpacu, lebna, cpana, batke, setca.)
punli [pul] x1 is a
swelling/protrusion/convexity [shape/form]
at/in/on x2, of material x3. ((adjective:) x1 is
swollen. See also balji, cmana, plana.)
pupu [PU*] time tense: had earlier been;
(tense/modal).
purci [pur pru] x1 is in the past of/earlier
than/before x2 in time sequence; x1 is former; x2
is latter. (Time ordering only (use lidne otherwise);
aorist in that x1 may overlap in time with x2 as
long as it starts before, x1 starts before x2 but is
continuing during x2 (= cfaprucabna); non-aorist
before, i.e. x1 is over/ended before x2 starts (=
fampru), x1 is completed before x2 starts (= mulpru). See also lidne, balvi, cabna, farna.)
purdi [pud] x1 is a garden/tended/cultivated
field of family/community/farmer x2 growing
plants/crop x3. (Orchard (= ricpurdi). See also
foldi, cange, panka.)
purlamke’u x1 is the last time/previous time
that x2 happened. (See purci, lamji, krefu,
bavlamke’u, purlamdei)
purmo [pum pu’o] x1 is a powder of material
x2. (Flour (= grupu’o, xripu’o). See also pulce, zalvi.)
purzga p1 = z1 previews z2 by means z3 under
condition z4. (Cf. purci, zgana.)
puvma’ubi’o x1 is adolescence by standard x2
puvytarga’i x1 is stellar evolution (Cf. tarci,
kesyske)
puza [PU*] time tense: a medium time before;
(tense/modal).
puze’a [PU*] time tense: for a medium length
interval some time in the past; (tense/modal).
puze’i [PU*] time tense: for a short interval
some time in the past; (tense/modal).
puze’u [PU*] time tense: for a long interval
some time in the past; (tense/modal).
puzi [PU*] time tense: a short time before;
(tense/modal).

puzu [PU*] time tense: a long time before;
(tense/modal).
pu [PU] time tense relation/direction: did [selbri]; before/prior to [sumti]; default past tense.
pyd Tibet.
py [BY2] letteral for p.
ra’abri x1 is a relative clause attached to argument x2 with predicate relation x3 among arguments x4. (See also noi, poi, voi)
ra’a [BAI] srana modal, 1st place pertained to
by ... (generally more specific).
ra’erprali p1 = r2 are the retained earnings of
company/corporation/firm/partnership p2 = r1
resulting from business activity p3. (From ralte,
prali. Cf. fairprali.)
ra’e [PA3] digit/number: repeating digits (of a
decimal) follow.
127rafske raktu
ra’irgau g1 maintains g2 = r1 (event/state) over
interval r2. (Cf. ranji, gasnu.)
ra’irsumji x1 is the integral of x2 with respect to
x3 over x4. (See also ri’o)
ra’i [BAI] krasi modal, 1st place from
source/origin/starting point ...
4 ra’oi [ZOhOI] single-word rafsi quote;
quotes a single word delimited by pauses
(in speech) or whitespace (in writing) and
treats it as a rafsi (Useful for quoting rafsi
that aren’t legal words on their own. See
http://www.lojban.org/tiki/Unspeakable+rafsi+gotcha
for details.)
ra’o [RAhO] flag GOhA to indicate proassignment context updating for all pro-assigns in
referenced bridi.
ra’ucu’i [UI*3] discursive: chiefly - equally - incidentally.
ra’unai [UI*3] discursive: chiefly - equally - incidentally.
ra’u [UI3] discursive: chiefly - equally - incidentally. (See also ralju, vajni.)
rabybau r1 = b1 is the Arabic language used
by b2 to express/communicate b3 (si’o/du’u, not
quote). (from xrabo bangu c.f. misrybau)
rabykumte x1 is a dromedary/Arabian camel
of breed x2. (Cf. kumte, zdokumte, tcokumte,
mabru.)
racli x1 (action/activity/behavior) is
sane/rational by standard x2. (See also fenki.)
ractu x1 is a rabbit/hare/[doe] of species/breed
x2. (See also mabru, kerlo.)
radji’i x1 admits/accepts/acknowledges/allows/concedes/recognizes
that x2 is true about x3 on grounds/under compelling evidence x4 (Cf. randa, jinvi, fitytu’i,
cpazau, zarcpa.)
radno [ra’o] x1 is x2 radian(s) [metric unit]
in angular measure (default is 1) by standard x3.
(Measured in degrees (julra’o); right ascension
astronomical measurement. (= cacryra’o). See
also jganu, kilto, centi, decti, dekto, femti, gigdo,
gocti, gotro, gutci, litce, megdo, mikri, milti, minli,
nanvi, petso, picti, terto, xatsi, xecto, xexso, zepti,
zetro.)
radycru x1 = r1 = c1 abandons / gives up x2 =
r2 = c2 under condition x3 = r3 = c3 (Cf. randa,
curmi, fesli’a, tolcpa.)
rafsi [raf] x1 is an
affix/suffix/prefix/combining-form for
word/concept x2, form/properties x3, language
x4. (See also valsi, lujvo, pagbu.)
rafske x1 is the morphology of language x2 according to methodology x3. (see also vlaturge’a,
taiske)
ragrmalpigi x1 is a Malpighian tubule [excretory organ] of insect x2. (see also rutrmalpigi)
ragve [rav] x1 is located across/on the other
side of gap/boundary x2 from x3; x1 is opposite
(fi) x3. (Also: x1 is over there (across/beyond
zo’e); directly across/beyond a boundary/gap,
generally at the shortest plausible distance on the
other side of the boundary. See also dukti, kuspe,
bancu, kruca, cripu, pagre.)
rai [BAI] traji modal, 1st place with superlative
...
rajnacmei x1 is a column vector of dimension
x2 with coordinates x3, x4, ... (See also pinynacmei)
rajroksfe s1 = rs1 is a vertical rock face / rock
surface of rock / mountain rs2 on side rs3 with
edges rs4, vertical in reference frame/gravity s2.
(Technically necessary ke (or bo) dropped. Cf.
sraji, roksfe, fenra, cmana, farlu.)
rajyclamau z1 = c1 = s1 is taller than z2 by
amount z4. (Cf. sraji, clani, zmadu, rajycla, rajyclarai.)
rajyclarai t1 = c1 = s1 is the tallest among
set/range t4. (Cf. sraji, clani, traji, rajycla, rajyclamau.)
rajycla x1 is tall according to standard x2. (Cf.
sraji, clani, rajyclamau, rajyclarai, claselxadni.)
rajypau x1 is a column/file of table/chart x2.
(see also pinpau, kamju)
rajyserti se1 = sr1 is a ladder / vertical stairway for climbing structure se2 with steps se3, vertical in reference frame sr2. (Made from sraji +
serti.)
rakci’a c1 carves inscription/text c2 on to c3 =
s2 using c4 = s1. (Cf. sraku, ciska.)
rakcro x1 itches at locus x2.
rakso x1 reflects Iraqi culture/nationality in aspect x2. (See also xrabo.)
raksygu’e g1 is Iraq. (Cf. gugde’ike.)
raktu [ra’u] x1 (object/person/event/situation) troubles/disturbs
x2 (person) causing problem(s) x3. (Also afflicts,
is disruptive to, troublesome; x1/x3 are a care to
x2, x2 is troubled by/cares about x1/x3 (= selra’u
128ranmrdrakono rarna
for reordered places). See also dicra, fanza, zunti,
kurji, xanka.)
ralci [rac] x1 is delicate/fragile/subtle/refined in property x2
(ka). (Easily damaged or rendered less pleasing/pure/effective. See also jdari, ranti, tsali,
milxe, kukte.)
ralju [ral] x1 is principal/chief/leader/main/[staple], most significant
among x2 (set) in property x3 (ka). (Staple (=
ralselpra); general/admiral/president/principal
leader (= ralja’a, ralterbe’e; use additional terms
to distinguish among these); also primary, prime,
(adverb:) chiefly, principally, mainly; (x2 is complete specification of set). See also vajni, te bende,
minde, lidne, jatna, jitro, gidva, midju.)
raltca x1 is a/the capital of x2. (Cf. ralju, tcadu.
More general than trutca. May be the financial
(e.g. New York in USA), industrial (e.g. Sao Paulo
in Brazil) or religious (e.g. Mecca in Saudi Arabia)
capital of its polity but not necessarily the seat of
government.)
ralte [ra’e] x1 retains/keeps/holds x2 in its
possession. (See also cirko, rinju, ponse, jgari,
pinfu, stali, curmi.)
ralxelbo’a r1 is the frequency of the carrier
wave of signal b1. (Cf. ralju, boxna.)
ramadan Ramadan (Cf. ramdana.)
rambutane x1 is a rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) of breed x2
ramdana x1 is the Ramadan/Ramazan of year
x2. (Cf. ramadan.)
ranbu’u b1 = r1 is velvet made from material b2.
(Cf. ranti, bukpu.)
randa [rad] x1 yields/gives way/surrenders
to x2 (force/agent) under conditions x3. (See also
jdari, renvi, ranti, se bapli.)
rango [rag] x1 is a/the body organ [bodypart] of body/species x2 performing function x3.
(Also sweetmeat (= ragdja). See also besna, livga.)
rangutano x1 is an orangutan of variety x2. (see
also remsmismani)
ranji [ra’i] x1 (event/state) continues/persists over interval x2; x1 (property -
ka) is continuous over x2. (See also temci, kuspe,
renvi, cedra, citsi, manfo, vitci, cukla, fliba, preja,
tcena.)
ranmi [ram] x1 is a myth/legend, a culturally
significant story about x2 in mythos x3 of culture
x4. (Also: x1 is mythical/fairy tale; used adjectivally for non-humanoid creatures (= ramda’u) of
story/myth/legend/religion, e.g. dragon; fairy
tale (= veryranmi). See also lijda, lisri, crida.)
ranmrdrakono x1 is a dragon of species/breed
x2 in mythos x3 of culture x4
ransu x1 is a quantity of/contains/is made of
bronze of composition including x2. (See also
jinme, tunka, lastu.)
ranti [ran] x1 is
soft/malleable/moldable/yielding to force x2
in conditions x3. (See also ralci, jdari, lakse, randa,
gradu.)
ranxi [rax] x1 is ironic(al)/contrary to expectation x2 in state/property/aspect x3. (See also
dukti, frica, cizra.)
rapcreze’a z1 = c1 (experiencer) increases in
skill / expertise at z2 = c2 by amount z3 by means
of repeating action r1 r2 times. (Made from rapli +
certu + zenba.)
rapfinti x1 is a remake/re-invention of x2
rapli [rap] x1 [action] repeats/is repeated for
a total of x2 (quantity) occurrences. (Practice (=
rapyzu’e, rapxelcli, rapyzukmo’i). See also cmavo
list roi, cafne, krefu, fukpi, pilji, xruti.)
rapxruxelkla x1 is a shuttle between x2 and x3,
traveling along route x4, carrying passengers x5.
rapyda’i d1 beats/hits repeatedly d2 using d3 at
locus d4, r2 times. (Cf. rapli, darxi.)
rarbau b1 is a natural language spoken by community b2 to express b3. (As opposed to constructed spoken languages. Cf. runbau)
rardugri x1 is the natural logarithm of x2. (See
also te’o)
rarji’i x1=j1 thinks/knows by instinct/feels that
x2=j2 [opinion] (du’u) is true about subject/issue
x3=j3 (From rarna and jinvi. Drawing conclusions
without a proper reasoning, using ’gut feelings’ or
preconscious thoughts.)
rarkrali k1 = r1 (NU) is a natural right of k2
(individual/mass) by standard k3. (Rights which
are not contingent upon the laws, customs, or beliefs of a particular society or polity, thus necessarily universal; usually contrasted to legal rights
(flakrali), which are culturally and politically relative. Cf. krali.)
rarna [rar] x1 is natural/spontaneous/instinctive, not [consciously]
caused by person(s). (See also rutni, jinzi, nurma,
stati.)
129raxyxajmi refmri
rarselfra f2 = r1 is an instinctive reaction from
f1 to stimulus f3 under condition f4.
rarvelcange x1 is organically grown at x2 by x3
on farm x4. (see also cicycrepu)
rarzi’ejva z1 = r1 is a natural right for z1 to
do/be z2 (event/state). (Cf. rarna, zifre, javni,
zi’ejva, selzi’e, nunzi’e, kamyzi’e, prezi’ejva.)
rastergu’i x1 is an oil lamp using animal or vegetable products, illuminating x2 with light x1. (Cf.
grasu, gusni, laktergu’i, fagytergu’i, dictergu’i, ctilytergu’i.)
rasycpi x1 is an oilbird of breed x2. (See also
ctecmocpi.)
rasykobli x1 is rape/canola/yu choy of variety
x2. (see also orvanxi)
ratcu x1 is a rat of species/breed x2. (See also
smacu.)
ratmacu x1 is a mouse/rat (family Muridae) of
species/breed x2 (Cf. ratcu, smacu, mabru. This
term is a combination of ratcu + smacu for those
speakers (Chinese, for instance) who don’t usually
distinguish between mice and rats.)
ratmidju x1 = m1 is the nucleus of atom x2 =
m2 = r1. (Cf. ratni, midju, lektoni, protoni, nurtoni, kuarka.)
ratni [rat] x1 is an atom of element/atomic
number x2 of isotope number/atomic weight x3.
((cf. kantu for a basic unit of a property or activity; selci for a basic physical subunit, generally of
a mass))
ratske s1 is nuclear physics with methodology
s2.
raumei [MOI*] quantified selbri: converts
enough to cardinal; x1 is a set with members x2,
enough by std. x3.
raumoi [MOI*] quantified selbri: converts
enough to ordinal; x1 is enoughth among x2, order rule x3.
rau [PA4] digit/number: enough; subjective.
ravboni x1 is a/the rabbi of/in community x2.
(Cf. jdaca’i.)
raxfatci f1 = r1 is absurd, contrary to expectation r2 in aspect r3. (Cf. fatci, ranxi.)
raxsku c1 (agent) expresses c2 (sedu’u/text/lu’e
concept) with irony for audience c3 via expressive
medium c4.. (Cf. ranxi, cusku, raxyckasu, raxyxajmi.)
raxyckasu c1 is sarcastic to c2 about c3. (Cf.
ranxi, ckasu, raxsku, raxyxajmi.)
raxyxajmi x1 = r1 is sardonic to x2 in property/aspect x3 = r3. (Cf. ranxi, xajmi, raxsku,
raxyckasu.)
razbau br1 = ba1 is the Brazilian Portuguese
language used by ba2 to express/communicate ba3
(si’o/du’u, not quote) (Cf. brazo, bangu, potybau,
banpu’oru.)
razgu’e b1 = g1 is Brazil. (Cf. brazo, gugde,
gugdeburu.)
ra [KOhA5] pro-sumti: a recent sumti before
the last one, as determined by back-counting rules.
re’azda z1 is a house for human being z2 = r1.
re’a [VUhU4] unary mathematical operator:
matrix transpose/dual; A*.
re’enai [UI*4] emotion category/modifier:
spiritual/worship - sacrilege.
re’e [UI4] emotion category/modifier: religious/spiritual/worship - sacrilege. (See also lijda.)
re’inai [COI*] vocative: ready to receive - not
ready to receive.
re’i [COI] vocative: ready to receive - not ready
to receive.
re’o [FAhA3] location tense relation/direction;
adjacent to/touching/contacting ...
re’ucti c1 is a carnivore that eats the meat/flesh
of animal r2. (Cf. rectu, citka, stagycti, fi’ecti.)
re’u [ROI] converts number to an objectively
quantified ordinal tense interval modifier; defaults
to time.
rebjukma’i x1 is November of year x2 in calendar x3. (Cf. pavypavmasti, kanbyma’i, nanca.)
rebla [reb] x1 is a/the tail/appendix [bodypart] of x2; [metaphor: trailing, following portion/appendage]. (See also nalci, pimlu, se lidne,
trixe, birka, jimca.)
rebyrespa r1 is a lizard of species r2. (Cf. rebla,
respa.)
rectu [rec re’u] x1 is a quantity of/contains
meat/flesh from source/animal x2. (See also sluji.)
refcfari’a r1 (event) restarts c1 = k2 for the k3rd
time.
refcfa c1 = k2 restarts for the k3rd time.
refkibycpa c1 reloads c2 = kr2 from c3 = ki1.
(Cf. kibro, kibycpa, kibypapri, kibyca’o.)
refmri m1 resends/forwards/remails m2 to m3
from m4 through carrier m5 for the k3rd time; m1
is a forwarder/remailer. (often ke’umri; see cmeclax)
130relxilma’e renvi
refsajbi’o b1 = s1 recognizes s2 (object/abstract). (Cf. krefu, sanji, binxo.)
refsku c1 repeats/recapitulates c2
(sedu’u/text/lu’e concept) to audience c3 via
expressive medium c4, k3 times (default:one). (Cf.
cusku, krefu, rapsku.)
refygau g1 redoes g2 = k2 for the k3th time. (Cf.
krefu, gasnu, rapli.)
reisku c1 = p3 asks question c2 = p1 to c3 = p4
via expressive medium c4, about subject p2.
rei [PA2] digit/number: hex digit E (decimal
14) [fourteen].
rejgau g1 records / saves r2 onto medium r4.
(Cf. vreji, datni.)
reki’o [PA*] number/quantity: 2,000 expressed
with comma.
relcinglepre p1 is (a) bisexual. (Cf. pavycinglepre, mitpavycinglepre, datpavycinglepre)
relcinpa’i x1 is bisexual;.
relcinse c1 is bisexual in situation c2 by standard c4. (Cf. fetcinse, nakcinse, pavycinse,
mitcinse, dutcinse.)
reldei x1 is a Tuesday of week x2 in calendar x3.
relmasti x1 is February/the second month of
year x2 in calendar x3. (Cf. pavmasti, nanca.)
relmast February. (Cf. jaurbeima’i, relmasti.)
relmoija’a j1 has the rank of Captain/Lieutenant/Flight Lieutenant (equivalent of
NATO OF-2) in military unit /organization j2.
(Cf. so, moi, jatna, jemja’a, vairsoi, cibmoija’a,
pavmoija’a. Based on STANAG 2116: NATO
Codes for Grades of Military Personnel.)
relmomdegji m1 = d1 is the index finger of d2.
(Cf. degji.)
relnacmei x1 is a 2-dimensional vector with coordinates x2 and x3. (See also nacmei, cibnacmei)
relpi’i p1 is twice/double p2; p1 is p2 multiplied
by 2.
relplini p1 is the second closest planet (default
is Venus if p2 is the Sun) revolving around p2 (default is the Sun), with planetary characteristics p3,
orbital parameters p4. (Cf. relplin, pavyplini, cibyplini etc.; see also terdi, solri, mluni, lunra, plinycma, tarci’e.)
relplin Venus. (Cf. relplini.)
relselba’e x1 is a pair of scissors with blades x2.
(re+se+balre)
relselji’o j2 is a dipole with ends including j1.
relseltu’e t2 is two-legged with legs t1. (Cf. re,
tuple.)
relxilma’e m1 is a bicycle/motorcycle carrying
m2 on surface m3, propelled by m4.
relyfi’es x1 is Pisces [constellation/astrological
sign]. (From re, finpe. The constellation is commonly represented as two fish, each of which is
tied to the same point by a long length of string.
The fish are connected at the tails.)
remai [MAI*] discursive: second utterance ordinal.
remei [MOI*] quantified selbri: convert 2 to cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with the pair of members x2.
remjinkytoldu’evidru v1=jt1=r1 is HIV [Human immunodeficiency virus] of jt2. (From
remna, jinkytoldu’e, vidru. v2 and v3 subsumed.)
remna [rem re’a] x1 is a human/human being/man (non-specific gender-free sense); (adjective:) x1 is human. (See also nanmu, ninmu,
prenu.)
remoi [MOI*] quantified selbri: convert 2 to ordinal selbri; x1 is second among x2 ordered by rule
x3.
remsmimi’i m1 = r1 = s1 is an automaton [mostly unintelligent android/humanoid machine] for purpose m2. (s2 is subsumed. See also
crida. Made from remna + simsa + minji.)
remsmismani x1 is an ape of species x2. (cf.
xilbate, rangutano, tcimpazi, tsasmani, remna,
smani)
remsmi r1 is humanoid/man-like in quality s3.
(cf. remsmismani)
remxei x1 hates humans/humanity; (adjective:) x1 is misanthropic. (Cf. remna, xebni,
xlamu’ijijnu.)
remyladru l1 is human breast milk/mother’s
milk from human r1. (Cf. mabru, tatru, tatyji’o,
cifnu.)
renomei [MOI*] quantifier selbri: convert 20 to
cardinal selbri; x1 is a set with the score of members x2.
renono [PA*] number/quantity: 200 [two hundred].
reno [PA*] number/quantity: 20 [twenty].
renro [rer re’o] x1
throws/launches/casts/hurls x2 to/at/in direction x3 (propulsion derives internally to x1).
((cf. cecla (more general term), danti))
renvi [rev re’i] x1 survives/endures/undergoes/abides/lasts/persists
through x2 for interval/duration x3. (Also lasts
out, withstands; x1 persists/lasts for duration x3;
131ri’orko’i rikybauske
(adjective:) x1 is tough/durable. See also ranji,
kuspe, randa, lifri, stali, temci.)
renytcana t1 is a railed vehicle station/depot/yard in transport system t2 = t3
for cars/wagons/units tr2 (default heavy rail)
propelled by tr4 (from trene tcana.)
repmi’i m1 = c1 is a harvester/reaper/machine
for harvesting crop c2 from source c3. (implied m2
is ”lo nu crepu c2 c3”. )
rerce’a c1 is a slingshot/catapult with munition/projectile c2 = r2.
rerga’a g1 = r2 is a javelin made of g2 thrown
by r1. (Cf. renro, grana, kilga’a.)
関連記事

0件のコメント

コメントの投稿

新規
投稿した内容は管理者にだけ閲覧出来ます

0件のトラックバック

トラックバックURL
http://scavui.blog22.fc2.com/tb.php/1276-f8327a1b
この記事に対してトラックバックを送信する(FC2ブログユーザー)

Appendix

プロフィール

Author:je_luo d'hishwards
FC2ブログへようこそ!

ブログ内検索